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Treaty of Craiova

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Treaty of Craiova
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{{Refimprove|date=December 2009}}
missing image!
- Dobrogea-cadrilater.png -
Southern Dobrudja in bright yellow
The Treaty of Craiova (; ) was signed on 7 September 1940 by the representatives of the Tsar of Bulgaria and the representatives of the King of Romania. The treaty was ratified on 13 September 1940 by Boris III of Bulgaria -the Tsar of Bulgaria, and Ion Antonescu - the Romanian prime minister. Under the terms of this treaty, Romania returned the southern part of Dobruja (the Cadrilater or "Quadrilateral" in Romanian) to Bulgaria and agreed to participate in organizing a population exchange. The treaty was approved by Britain,The New York Times, July 26, 1940, "Britain recognizes the "fundamental justice" of Bulgaria's claim against Rumania for return of the wheat-growing section of Southern Dobruja" France, Germany, Italy, the Soviet Union and the United States.Кузманова, Антонина. От Ньой до Крайова. Въпросът за Южна Добруджа в международните отношения /1919-1940/, София 1989, с. 287-288. Southern Dobruja had a population of mostly Bulgarians and Turks, with only about a 20% minority of Romanians.(:File:Romania 1930 ethnic map EN.png) Terms of the treaty provide for the mandatory resettlement of Romanian citizens of Bulgarian ethnicity living in Northern Dobruja to Bulgaria, and the resettlement of ethnic Romanians living in Southern Dobruja to Romania. 110,000 Romanians (80,000 of them from South Dobruja) left their homes in Bulgaria. Most of these Romanians were colonists who had settled there after the Second Balkan War in 1913, when the territory was annexed by Romania (see Treaty of Bucharest (1913)). 65,000 Bulgarians left their homes in Northern Dobrudja and resettled in Bulgaria.

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