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Treaty of Accession 2005

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Treaty of Accession 2005
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name Treaty concerning the accession of the Republic of Bulgaria and Romania to the European Union| long_name = {hide}Collapsible list
Treaty of Accession 2005
|liststyle = text-align:center;
| Treaty between the Kingdom of Belgium, the Czech Republic, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Estonia, the Hellenic Republic, the Kingdom of Spain, the French Republic, Ireland, the Italian Republic, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Republic of Austria, the Republic of Poland, the Portuguese Republic, the Republic of Slovenia, the Slovak Republic, the Republic of Finland, the Kingdom of Sweden, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Member States of the European Union) and the Republic of Bulgaria and Romania, concerning the accession of the Republic of Bulgaria and Romania to the European Union
{edih}| image = File:EU27-2007 European Union map enlargement.svg| image_width = 300px| caption =| type =| date_drafted =| date_signed = 25 April 2005| location_signed = Neumünster Abbey, Luxembourg| date_sealed = | date_effective = 1 January 2007| condition_effective = ratification by Bulgaria, Romania and all 25 Member States of the European Union| date_expiration = style="background:#efefef;"! ParliamentArticle 4 of the Treaty requires that instruments of ratification be deposited with the Government of the Italian Republic in order for the Treaty to enter into force. Each country deposits the instrument of ratification after its internal ratification process is finalized by all required state bodies (parliament and the head of state). Countries are ordered according to the date of deposition of ratification documents. When two countries have deposited the necessary documents on the same date the order is alphabetical.! Date! ResultResults refer to the final round when more than one vote is required.! DepositionRatification details
{{flagiconEuropean Union (25 members)>{{flagiconBulgaria>{{flagicon|Romania}} Romania}}27#9999FF}}| depositor =Government of the Italian Republic| language =Languages of the European Union, Bulgarian language>Bulgarian and Romanian| website = | wikisource = Treaty concerning the accession of the Republic of Bulgaria and Romania to the European Union}}{{Politics of the European Union}}
missing image!
- Accession 2007.png -
European Union as of 2007{{legend|#151B8D|Member states}}
The Treaty of Accession 2005 is an agreement between the member states of European Union and Bulgaria and Romania. It entered into force on 1 January 2007. The Treaty arranged accession of Bulgaria and Romania to the EU and amended earlier Treaties of the European Union. As such it is an integral part of the constitutional basis of the European Union.

Full title

The full official name of the Treaty is:{{quotation|Treaty between the Kingdom of Belgium, the Czech Republic, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Estonia, the Hellenic Republic, the Kingdom of Spain, the French Republic, Ireland, the Italian Republic, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Republic of Austria, the Republic of Poland, the Portuguese Republic, the Republic of Slovenia, the Slovak Republic, the Republic of Finland, the Kingdom of Sweden, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Member States of the European Union) and the Republic of Bulgaria and Romania, concerning the accession of the Republic of Bulgaria and Romania to the European Union.}}

History

Following successful completion of accession negotiations European Council concluded on 17 December 2004 that Bulgaria and Romania were ready to become members of the European Union.Conclusions from European summit {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090325095927weblink |date=2009-03-25 }} A request for assent (C6‑0085/2005) was submitted to the European Parliament.On 22 February, the 2005 European Commission delivered a favourable opinion on the accession to the European Union of Bulgaria and Romania.Commission opinion on the applications for accession to the European Union by the Republic of Bulgaria and Romania As a result, on 13 April 2005 the European Parliament gave assent to the applications of BulgariaEuropean Parliament legislative resolution on the application by the Republic of Bulgaria to become a member of the European Union and RomaniaEuropean Parliament legislative resolution on the application by Romania to become a member of the European Union to become members of the European Union. The parliament voted in favour of Romania with 497 positive votes, 93 negative votes and 71 abstentions, while Bulgaria received 522 votes in favour, 70 votes against and 69 abstentions.European Parliament results On 25 April 2005 Council of the European Union accepted the applications for admission of Bulgaria and Romania.[http:eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/site/en/oj/2005/l_157/l_15720050621en00090009.pdf Decision of the Council of the European Union on the admission of the Republic of Bulgaria and Romania to the European Union]The treaty was signed on 25 April 2005, in Neumünster Abbey, Luxembourg.Detail information and photos from the signing ceremony In addition to the Treaty of Accession a Final Act was signed. The Final Act registers the results of the accession negotiations,Text of the Final Act including any declarations made by the parties.Declarations made by the parties of the treaty It also laid down arrangements for the period between signing and entry into force of the treaty.Arrangements for the period between signing and entry into force of the treaty Ratification of the Treaty of Accession is summarized in the table below. The process was completed on 20 December 2006.{| border="1" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0" class="wikitable"
{{BUL}}align="center"Yes. National Assembly of Bulgaria>Народно събрание: 231 to 1 in favour, 2 abstentions.Bulgarian National Assembly resultsalign="center"|27 May 2005
{{ROM}}align="center"Yes. Parliament of Romania>Camerele Reunite: 434 to 0 in favour, 0 abstentions.Parliament of Romania resultsalign="center"|27 May 2005
{{SVK}}align="center"Yes. National Council of the Slovak Republic>Národná rada: 102 to 0 in favour, 2 abstentions.Slovak National Council results {{Webarchiveweblink >date=2007-09-26 }}align="center"|28 September 2005
{{HUN}}align="center"Yes. National Assembly of Hungary>Országgyűlés: 257 to 6 in favour, 1 abstention.Hungarian Parliament resultsalign="center"|26 October 2005
{{CYP}}align="center"Yes. House of Representatives of Cyprus>House of Representatives: 56 to 0 in favour, 0 abstentions.Cyprus Parliament resultsalign="center"|26 January 2006
{{EST}}align="center"Yes. Estonian Parliament>Riigikogu: 69 to 0 in favour, 0 abstentions.Estonian Parliament results {{Webarchiveweblink >date=2007-09-27 }}align="center"|6 February 2006
{{MLT}}align="center"Yes. House of Representatives of Malta>Kamra tad-Deputati: Agreed without a Division (vote).Parliament of Malta results {{Webarchive>url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070620202151weblink 22 February 2006
{{GRC}}align="center"Yes. Hellenic Parliament>Βουλή των Ελλήνων: Approved by acclamation.Greek Parliament results {{Webarchiveweblink >date=2007-06-20 }}align="center"|24 February 2006
{{CZE}}align="center"Yes. Senate of the Czech Republic>Senát: 66 to 0 in favour, 2 abstentions.Czech Senate resultsrowspan="2" align="center"|3 March 2006
6 December 2005Yes. Poslanecká sněmovna: 155 to 0 in favour, 1 abstention.Czech Chamber of Deputies results
{{ITA}}align="center"Yes. Italian Senate>Senato: Approved by show of hands.Italian Senate resultsrowspan="2" align="center"|21 March 2006
22 December 2005Yes. Camera dei Deputati: 415 to 3 in favour, 4 abstentions.Italian Chamber of Deputies results
{{SVN}}align="center"Yes. National Assembly (Slovenia)>Državni zbor: 64 to 0 in favour, 0 abstentions.3C185DA6AC35D612C1257096002E75B8 Slovenian National Assembly results>30 March 2006
{{GBR}}align="center"Yes. British House of Commons>Commons: Agreed without a Division (vote).UK House of Commons results>5 April 2006
7 February 2006Yes. House of Lords: Agreed without a Division (vote)>division.UK House of Lords results
incl.{{GIB}}European Communities Ordinance amendment 28/2006 Gibraltar is a British overseas territory. It is part of European Union, but is subject of certain exemptions. Gibraltar Parliament ratification is not necessary for the Treaty to enter into force, but changes in the legislation are needed for its provisions to apply on the territory of Gibraltar.align="center"|Yes. Gibraltar Parliament (Then, Gibraltar House of Assembly):
{{LVA}}align="center"Yes. Latvian parliament>Saeima: 79 to 0 in favour, 5 abstentions.Latvian Parliament resultsalign="center"|5 May 2006
{{SWE}}align="center"Yes. Swedish parliament>Riksdag: Approved by acclamation.Swedish Parliament resultsalign="center"|9 June 2006
{{ESP}}align="center"Yes. Spanish Congress of Deputies>Congreso de los Diputados: 303 to 1 in favour, 0 abstentions.Spanish Chamber of Representatives resultsrowspan="2" align="center"|21 June 2006
14 December 2005Yes. Senado: 247 to 1 in favour, 0 abstentions.Spanish Senate results
{{AUT}}align="center"Yes. National Council of Austria>Nationalrat: Approved by show of hands with 2 against.Austrian Nationalrat resultsrowspan="2" align="center"|26 June 2006
11 May 2006Yes. Bundesrat: Approved by show of hands with 1 against.Austrian Bundesrat results
{{LTU}}align="center"Yes. Seimas: 85 to 1 in favour, 3 abstentions.Lithuanian Parliament results>27 June 2006
{{FIN}}align="center"Yes. Parliament of Finland>Eduskunta/Riksdag: Adopted without voting.Finish Parliament resultsrowspan="2" align="center"|2 August 2006
incl. {{flag20 March 2006Yes. Lagting: Approved by acclamation.Ã…land Parliament results
{{NLD}}align="center"Yes. House of Representatives of the Netherlands>Tweede Kamer: 93 to 52 in favour, 0 abstentions.Dutch Chamber of Deputies resultsrowspan="2" align="center"|31 August 2006
13 June 2006Yes. Eerste Kamer: Adopted without voting with 4 against.Dutch Senate results
{{PRT}}align="center"Yes. Assembly of the Republic (Portugal)>Assembleia: 181 to 0 in favour, 11 abstentions.Portuguese Parliament results {{Webarchiveweblink >date=2007-06-20 }}align="center"|2 October 2006
{{POL}}align="center"Yes. Sejm: 426 to 1 in favour, 1 abstention.Polish Sejm results>3 October 2006
30 March 2006Yes. Senat: 71 to 0 in favour, 0 abstentions.Polish Senate results
{{LUX}}align="center"Yes. Chamber of Deputies of Luxembourg>Châmber: 60 to 0 in favour, 0 abstentions.Luxemburg Chamber of Deputies resultsalign="center"|10 October 2006
{{IRL}}align="center"Yes. Dáil Éireann: Agreed without a Division (vote)>division.Irish Chamber of Deputies resultsrowspan="2" align="center"|16 October 2006
21 June 2006Yes. Seanad Éireann: Agreed without a division.Irish Senate results
{{BEL}}align="center"Yes. Senate (Belgium)>Senaat / Sénat: 52 to 8 in favour, 0 abstentions.Belgian Senate resultsrowspan="9" align="center"|19 October 2006
20 April 2006Yes. Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers / Chambre des Représentants: 115 to 14 in favour, 1 abstention.Belgian Chamber of Representatives results
12 May 2006Yes. Parlement de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale / Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Parlement: 77 to 6 in favour, 0 abstentions.Brussels Parliament results
12 May 2006Yes. Assemblée réunie / Verenigde Vergadering (Brussels): 77 (66 French-speaking, 11 Dutch-speaking) to 6 (all Dutch-speaking) in favour, 0 abstentions.United Assembly results
27 June 2006Yes. Parlement de la Communauté française: 57 to 0 in favour, 3 abstentions.Belgian Parliament of the French Community results
12 July 2006Yes. Flemish Parliament: 79 to 29 in favour, 0 abstentions on community matters; 77 to 26 in favour, 0 abstentions on regional matters.Belgian Parliament of the Flemish Community results {{Webarchive>url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070620202151weblink |date=2007-06-20 }}
19 July 2006Yes. Parlement wallon: 61 to 0 in favour, 1 abstention on regional matters; 60 to 0 in favour, 0 abstentions on transferred community matters.Wallon Parliament results
19 September 2006 Yes. Parlament der Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft: 25 to 0 in favour, 0 abstentions.Belgian Parliament of the German Speaking Community results
20 October 2006Yes. Parlement bruxellois francophone: 64 to 0 in favour, 0 abstentions.Assembly report
{{DNK}}align="center"Yes. Folketing: 97 to 2 in favour, 15 abstentions.Danish Parliament results>5 December 2006
{{FRA}}align="center"Yes. French National Assembly>Assemblée nationale: Approved unanimously by show of hands. French National Assembly results rowspan="2" align="center"|6 December 2006
3 October 2006Yes. Sénat: Approved by show of hands with 2 senators abstaining from voting. French Senate results
{{DEU}}align="center"Yes. Bundestag: 529 to 12 in favour, 10 abstentions.German Bundestag results>20 December 2006
24 November 2006Yes. Bundesrat of Germany: 69 to 0 in favour, 0 abstentions.German Bundesrat results {{Webarchive>url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070620202151weblink |date=2007-06-20 }}
The default date for entry into force of the Treaty was 1 January 2007.Notice concerning the entry into force of the Treaty of Accession Provisions were made for the postponement of the accession of one or both countries until 1 January 2008. Such a decision could have been taken by the Council of the European Union acting upon recommendation of the European Commission. In its 16 May 2006 monitoring report, the Commission delivered the final recommendation about the date of accession, but requested further progress from Bulgaria and Romania.Monitoring report on the state of preparedness for EU membership of Bulgaria and Romania-May 2006The 26 September 2006 monitoring report concluded that both countries were sufficiently prepared to meet the political, economic and acquis criteria. It recommended against postponement of accessionMonitoring report on the state of preparedness for EU membership of Bulgaria and Romania-September 2006 (instead of delaying membership it was decided to address the shortcomings through a subsequent cooperation and verification mechanism). The treaty entered into force on 1 January 2007.Notice announcing the entry into force of the Treaty of Accession on 1 January 2007

Contents

{{Cleanup|section|date=October 2009}}

1. Introduction

2. Treaty

The Treaty itself consists of six articles.Full text of the TreatyArticle 1 arranges the accession of Republic of Bulgaria and Romania to the European Union.Paragraph 1 makes Republic of Bulgaria and Romania full members of the European Union.Paragraph 2 makes both countries parties to the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe and to the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community. Thus Bulgaria and Romania does not have to ratify the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe separately.Paragraph 3 makes Protocol that sets the conditions and arrangements for admission and its annexes integral part of the Treaty itself.Paragraph 4 annexes the above-mentioned Protocol to the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe and to the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community and makes its provisions integral part of these treaties.Article 2 provides for the situation when the Treaty itself enters into force before the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. Thus it will provide the legal basis of the membership Bulgaria and Romania from 1 January 2007 until the Constitution of Europe is finally implemented in its present form (if ever).Paragraph 1 states that both countries become parties to the Treaties on which the European Union is founded. Provisions of Article 1, paragraphs 2-4 will be applicable only from the date of the entry into force of the Constitution of Europe.Paragraph 2 states that until the above-mentioned event the conditions of admission and the adjustments to the Treaties on which the Union is founded will be provided by the Act annexed to the Treaty, which forms integral part of the Treaty itself.Paragraph 3 arranges substitution of the Act with the Protocol upon the entry into force of the Constitution of Europe and legal consequences of this switch.Article 3 defines all member states of European union, including Bulgaria and Romania as equal in respect of all Treaties of the Union, including this one.Article 4 is about ratification and entry into force of the Treaty.Paragraph 1 stipulates that the Treaty should be ratified by all parties by 31 December 2006 and ratification instruments should be deposited with the Italian government.Paragraph 2 and 3 define the data from which the Treaty enters into force, mechanism for eventual postponement in respect of one or both of the acceding states, and provides for the situation when one or more country have ratified the Treaty, but have failed to deposit the ratification instruments by 1 January 2007. The ratification procedures were completed in time and the Treaty entered into force on 1 January 2007 on the territory of all member states.Article 5 stipulates that the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe drawn up in the Bulgarian and Romanian languages shall be annexed to this Treaty and they will be authentic under the same conditions as the texts in all other official languages of the European union.Article 6 states that the Treaty exists as a single original drawn in all official languages of the European Union. Each of these texts is equally authentic and the original will be deposited with the Italian government, while all parties will receive certified copies.

3. Protocol to the Treaty

4. Act to the Treaty

5. Final Act

See also

References

{{Reflist|2}}

External links

{{EU treaties and declarations}}

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