Toronto Star

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Toronto Star
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HTTPS://WWW.THESTAR.COM/OPINION/EDITORIALOPINION/ARTICLE/983380 >TITLE=BUT VOTE STRATEGICALLY WORK=TORONTO STAR DEADURL=YES ARCHIVEDATE=MAY 3, 2011 ACCESSDATE=NOVEMBER 2, 2007 YEAR=2007, HTTPS://WWW.THESTAR.COM/FEDERALELECTION/ARTICLE/515895 >TITLE=STAR'S CHOICE: DION, LIBERALS WORK=TORONTO STAR, October 12, 2008, One Yonge Street>1 Yonge StreetToronto, OntarioM5E 1E6WORK=NEWS MEDIA CANADA, December 16, 2017, Numbers are based on the total circulation (print plus digital editions).StarMetro (newspaper)>StarMetro| ISSN = 0319-0781| oclc =}}}}The Toronto Star is a Canadian broadsheet daily newspaper. Based on 2015 statistics, it is Canada's highest-circulation newspaper on overall weekly circulation;WEB,weblink Toronto Star, The Canadian Encyclopedia, July 21, 2009, although it is a close second to The Globe and Mail in daily circulation on weekdays, it overtakes the Globe in weekly circulation because the Globe does not publish a Sunday edition."Circulation Report: Daily Newspapers 2015". Newspapers Canada, June 2016. The Toronto Star is owned by Toronto Star Newspapers Limited, a subsidiary of Torstar Corporation and part of Torstar's Daily News Brands division.WEB,weblink Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd., Bloomberg, 2018-03-08,


missing image!
- Horatio Clarence Hocken.png -
Horatio Clarence Hocken, founder of the StarWEB,weblink Archived copy, February 15, 2019,weblink August 14, 2018, yes, mdy-all,


The Star (originally known as the Evening Star and then the Toronto Daily Star) was created in 1892ENCYCLOPEDIA, Editors, The,weblink The Toronto Star | Canadian newspaper,, 2019-02-15, by striking Toronto News printers and writers, led by future Mayor of Toronto and social reformer Horatio Clarence Hocken, who became the newspaper's founder,WEB,weblink Profile – Hocken, Horatio Clarence, Parliament of Canada, Parlinfo, February 15, 2019,weblink July 11, 2019, no, along with another future mayor, Jimmy Simpson.The Star was first printed on Toronto World presses, and at its formation, The World owned a 51% interest in it{{sfn|Archer|1947|p=3}} as a (wikt:silent partner|silent partner).{{sfn|Sotiron|2005}} That arrangement only lasted for two months, during which time it was rumoured that William Findlay "Billy" Maclean, The World{{'}}s proprietor, was considering selling the Star to the Riordon family.{{efn|owners of the Riordon Pulp and Paper Company, and investors in The Hamilton Spectator, Toronto Mail and the Toronto Evening News.{{sfn|Rutherford|1982}}}} After an extensive fundraising campaign among the Star staff, Maclean agreed to sell his interest to Hocken.{{sfn|Sotiron|2005}}{{sfn|Archer|1947|pp=4{{en dash}}5}}The paper did poorly in its first few years. Hocken sold out within the year, and several owners followed in succession until railway entrepreneur William Mackenzie bought it in 1896.{{sfn|Archer|1947|pp=5{{en dash}}6}} Its new editors, Edmund E. Sheppard and Frederic Thomas Nicholls, moved the entire Star operation into the same building used by the magazine Saturday Night.{{sfn|Archer|1947|p=6}} This would continue until Joseph E. "Holy Joe" Atkinson, backed by funds raised by supporters of Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier, bought the paper.{{sfn|Archer|1947|p=6}} The supporters included Senator George Cox, William Mulock, Peter Charles Larkin and Timothy Eaton.DCB, Otto, Stephen A., Larkin, Peter Charles, 15,weblink

Atkinson's influence

missing image!
- Joseph Edward Atkinson.jpg -
Joseph E. Atkinson
, c. 1910sAtkinson was the Star{{'}}s editor from 1899 until his death in 1948.{{citation needed|date=March 2019}} The newspaper's early opposition and criticism of the Nazi regimeWEB,weblink A Canadian Observer, Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre, saw it become one of the first North American papers to be banned in Germany.WEB,weblink 125 years of speaking out, Phillips, Andrew, November 1, 2017, Toronto Star, January 23, 2018, Atkinson had a social conscience. He championed many causes that would come to be associated with the modern welfare state: old age pensions, unemployment insurance, and health care. The Government of Canada Digital Collections website describes Atkinson asa "radical" in the best sense of that term.... The Star was unique among North American newspapers in its consistent, ongoing advocacy of the interests of ordinary people. The friendship of Atkinson, the publisher, with Mackenzie King, the prime minister, was a major influence on the development of Canadian social policy.Bienvenue au site Web Bibliothèque et Archives Canada / Welcome to the Library and Archives Canada website. (August 30, 2012). Retrieved on August 17, 2013.{{Dead link |date=May 2016}}Atkinson became the controlling shareholder of the Star.{{citation needed|date=March 2019}} The Star was frequently criticized for practising the yellow journalism of its era. For decades, the paper included heavy doses of crime and sensationalism, along with advocating social change. From 1910 to 1973, the Star published a weekend supplement, the Star Weekly.Shortly before his death in 1948, Joseph E. Atkinson transferred ownership of the paper to a charitable organization given the mandate of continuing the paper's liberal tradition.NEWS, Powell, Betsy, Atkinson's will kept Star's resolve, January 12, 2011, November 6, 2002,weblink Toronto, Toronto Star, yes,weblink" title="">weblink October 23, 2012, mdy-all, In 1949, the Province of Ontario passed the Charitable Gifts Act,{{efn|The CANLAW, Charitable Gifts Act, R.S.O., 1990, C.8,weblink , repealed in 2009 by the CANLAW, Good Government Act, 2009, S.O., 2009, 33, 2,weblink }} barring charitable organizations from owning large parts of profit-making businesses,WEB, Bourgeois, Donald, The Charitable Gifts Act: A Commentary, January 12, 2011,weblink that effectively required the Star to be sold.{{efn|But the Act's repeal in 2009 does not mean that charities in Ontario can now set up for-profit companies or pursue business activities.WEB,weblink Ontario Government passes Good Government Act that includes positive changes for charities, Lazier, Kate, Manwaring, Susan M., December 2009, Miller Thomson, }}Atkinson's will had directed that profits from the paper's operations were "for the promotion and maintenance of social, scientific and economic reforms which are charitable in nature, for the benefit of the people of the province of Ontario" and it stipulated that the paper could be sold only to people who shared his social views.NEWS, Martin, Sandra, November 8, 2005, Beland Honderich, 86,weblink The Globe and Mail, The five trustees of the charitable organization circumvented the Act by buying the paper themselves and swearing before the Supreme Court of Ontario to continue what became known as the "Atkinson Principles":WEB, Atkinson Principles,weblink Torstar, August 2, 2013,
  • A strong, united and independent Canada
  • Social justice
  • Individual and civil liberties
  • Community and civic engagement
  • The rights of working people
  • The necessary role of government
Descendants of the original owners, known as "the five families",{{efn|being the Atkinson, Hindmarsh, Campbell, Honderich and Thall families}} still control the voting shares of Torstar,WEB,weblink Information Circular, March 1, 2016, Torstar, 3{{en dash, 5}} and the Atkinson Principles continue to guide the paper to this day. In February 2006, Star media columnist Antonia Zerbisias wrote on her blog:Besides, we are the Star which means we all have the Atkinson Principles—and its multi-culti values—tattooed on our butts. Fine with me. At least we are upfront about our values, and they almost always work in favour of building a better Canada.WEB, Antonia, Zerbisias, Antonia Zerbisias, Kartoon Kontroversy Kontinues,weblink February 20, 2006, August 2, 2013,weblink" title="">weblink March 23, 2006,

Involvement with broadcasting

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- TorontoStar3.jpg -
The Old Toronto Star Building, 80 King St West, in 196weblink
From 1922 to 1933, the Star was also a radio broadcaster on its station CFCA, broadcasting on a wavelength of 400 metres (749.48 kHz), whose coverage was complementary to the paper's reporting.WEB,weblink Historicist: An Invisible Giant, Plummer, Kevin, March 22, 2014,, The station was closed following the establishment of the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission and the introduction of a government policy that, in essence, restricted private stations to an effective radiated power of 100 watts. The Star would continue to supply sponsored content to the CRBC's CRCT station (which later became CBC station CBL), an arrangement that lasted until 1946.

1970s to present

In 1971, the newspaper was renamed the Toronto Star and moved to a modern office tower at One Yonge Street by Queens Quay. The original Star building at 80 King Street West was demolished to make room for First Canadian Place. The new building originally housed the paper's presses. In 1992, the printing plant was moved to the Toronto Star Press Centre at the Highway 407 & 400 interchange in Vaughan.WEB,weblink Torstar’s Vaughan Press Centre celebrates 20th anniversary, Toronto Star, In September 2002, the logo was changed, and "The" was dropped from the papers. During the 2003 Northeast blackout, the Star printed the paper at a press in Welland, Ontario.Until the mid-2000s, the front page of the Toronto Star had no advertising aside from lottery jackpot estimates from the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation (OLG).On May 28, 2007, the Star unveiled a redesigned paper that features larger type, narrower pages, fewer and shorter articles, renamed sections, more prominence to local news, and less so to international news, columnists, and opinion pieces.NEWS,weblink The Star, Toronto, You spoke, we listened: Here are the changes, May 28, 2007, May 25, 2010, J. Fred, Kuntz, However, on January 1, 2009, the Star reverted to its previous format. Star P.M., a free newspaper in PDF format that could be downloaded from the newspaper's website each weekday afternoon, was discontinued in October 2007, thirteen months after its launch.On January 15, 2016, Torstar confirmed the closure of its Vaughan printing presses and that it will outsource printing to Transcontinental Printing, leading to the layoff of all 285 staff at the plant as Transcontinental has its own existing facility, also in Vaughan.WEB,weblink Torstar to sell printing plant in Vaughan, close to 300 jobs affected,, In April 2018, the Toronto Star expanded its local coverage of Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton and Halifax with rebranded daily newspapers, previously known as Metro, as StarMetro.WEB, Torstar hiring 20 reporters as it rebrands and revamps Metro Urban dailies across Canada,weblink Financial Post, The Canadian Press, WEB, Healing, Dan, StarMetro? Toronto Star publisher rebranding free daily newspapers across Canada – cites appetite for 'progressive voice',weblink Calgary Herald, The Canadian Press, 30 March 2019, WEB, Popplewell, Brett, Inside the Toronto Star's Bold Plan to Save Itself,weblink The Walrus, 30 March 2019, In 2018, the Toronto Star acquired iPolitics, a political news outlet.WEB, Tortar signs agreement to purchase political website iPolitics,weblink CBC, 30 March 2019, WEB, Torstar to purchase iPolitics media outlet,weblink Cision, 30 March 2019,

The Star brand

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- Toronto Star Building.JPG -
One Yonge Street – Current head office, built in 197weblink

Editorial position

Like its competitor The Globe and Mail, the Star covers "a spectrum of opinion that is best described as urban and Central Canadian" in character. The Star is generally centrist and centre-left, and is more socially liberal than The Globe and Mail.Elke Winter, Us, Them and Others: Pluralism and National Identities in Diverse Societies (University of Toronto Press, 2011), p. 96. The paper has aligned itself over the years with the progressive "Atkinson principles" named for publisher Joseph E. Atkinson,Kenyon Wallace, How the Star is making its political endorsements more transparent, Toronto Star' (May 26, 2018). who was editor and publisher of the paper for 50 years.Tamar Harris, Through constant change, Atkinson Principles endure, Toronto Star (November 4, 2017). These principles included social justice and social welfare provision, as well as individual rights and civil liberties. In 1984, scholar Wilfred H. Kesterton described the Star as "perpetually indignant" because of its social consciousness. When Atkinson's son Joseph Story Atkinson became president of the Star'' in 1957, he said, "From its inception in 1892, the Star has been a champion of social and economic reform, a defender of minority rights, a foe of discrimination, a friend of organized labour and a staunch advocate of Canadian nationhood."Another of the "Atkinson principles" has been a "strong, united and independent Canada"; in a 1927 editorial, the paper wrote "We believe in the British connection as much as anybody does but on a self-respecting basis of equality, of citizenship, and not on the old basis of one country belonging to the other." The paper was historically wary of American influence, and during the debates over the North American Free Trade Agreement, the paper was frequently critical of free trade and expressed concerns about Canadian sovereignty.JOURNAL, Andrea M.L., Perrella, Editorials and the Free Trade Agenda: Comparison of Law Press and the Toronto Star Quebec Under Free Trade: Making Public Policy in North America, Quebec Under Free Trade: Making Public Policy in North America, Guy Lachapelle, Presses de l'Université du Québec, 1995, 276–79, The paper has been traditionally supportive of official bilingualism and maintaining Canadian unity in opposition to Quebec separatism.In the 1980s, Michael Farber wrote in the Montreal Gazette that the Star{{'}}s coverage was Toronto-centric to the point that any story was said to carry an explanation as to "What it means to Metro."NEWS, Farber, Michael, August 27, 1985, Stock deal ends talk of takeover,weblink Montreal Gazette, A-3, Conversely, Canadian sociologist Elke Winter wrote in 2011 that the Toronto Star was less "Toronto-centric" than its rival, The Globe and Mail, writing that the Star "consciously reports for and from Canada's most multicultural city" and catered to a diverse readership.

Election endorsements

In the 50 years to 1972, the Star endorsed the Liberal Party in each federal general election.Kathy English, Why do newspapers endorse?, Toronto Star (October 11, 2008). In the 14 federal elections between 1968 and 2015, the Star endorsed the Liberal Party ten times, the New Democratic Party two times, and the Progressive Conservative Party two times.Elections in which the Star did not endorse the Liberals took place in 1972 and 1974, (when it endorsed the Progressive Conservatives), and 1979 and 2011 (when it endorsed the NDP). In the 2011 election in which the Star endorsed the NDP under Jack Layton,NEWS,weblink Toronto Star endorses the NDP, Toronto Star, April 30, 2011, May 1, 2011, but to avoid vote-splitting that could inadvertently help the Conservatives under Stephen Harper, which it saw as the worst outcome for the country, the paper also recommended Canadians vote strategically by voting for "the progressive candidate best placed to win" in certain ridings.NEWS,weblink But vote strategically, Toronto Star, April 30, 2011, bot: unknown,weblink March 21, 2014, mdy-all, For the 2015 election, the Star endorsed the Liberal Party under Justin Trudeau.NEWS,weblink Toronto Star endorses Liberal leader Justin Trudeau for prime minister, Toronto Star, October 9, 2015, In Toronto's non-partisan mayoral elections, the Star endorsed George Smitherman in 2010,NEWS, The Star's choices for Toronto mayor: George Smitherman,weblink Toronto Star, October 17, 2010, and John Tory in 2014.John Tory is the best choice to lead Toronto: Editorial, Toronto Star (October 21, 2014).


missing image!
- Toronto Star paperboy Whitby.jpg -
Toronto Star paperboy in Whitby in 1940
The Star is one of the few Canadian newspapers that employs a "public editor" (ombudsman) and was the first to do so. Its newsroom policy and journalistic standards guide is also published online.Toronto Star Newsroom Policy and Journalistic Standards Guide | Toronto Star. (December 7, 2011). Retrieved on August 17, 2013.Other notable features include:
  • an in-depth world news section called "World Weekly" on Saturdays (this section is only available to residential subscriptions without any additional payment and the section contains no advertisements)
  • optional supplements on Saturday and Sunday include Starweek (television listings and episode summaries), abridged version of The New York Times international section, New York Times Crosswords, editorials, and book reviews). Starweek and The New York Times supplements require separate additional payment)
The Star states that it favours an inclusive, "big tent" approach, not wishing to attract one group of readers at the expense of others. It publishes special sections for Chinese New Year and Gay Pride Week, along with regular features on real estate (including condominiums), individual neighbourhoods (and street name etymologies), shopping, cooking, dining, alcoholic beverages (right down to having an exclusive on the anti-competitive practices of the Beer Store that led to major reforms on the sale of alcohol in Ontario grocery stores in 2015 by Premier Kathleen Wynne and Ed Clark), automobiles (as Wheels), and travel destinations.Since the mid-2010s, the sports and business sections are consolidated on some days and eventually, all weekdays.

Competitive position

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- Toronto Star pyramid.jpg -
Reliefs recovered from the demolition of the former Toronto Star building on King Street. Located at the Guild Park and Gardens in Scarboroughweblink
The advent of the National Post in 1998 shook up the Toronto newspaper market.NEWS,weblink As the Globe turns –, July 9, 2009, Macleans, November 14, 2017, In the upheaval that followed, editorial spending increased and there was much hiring and firing of editors and publishers.NEWS,weblink Black Mischief, Orth, Maureen, The Hive, November 14, 2017,

Current developments

Sing Tao Daily

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- SingTaoDailyToronto.jpg -
Sing Tao Daily editorial office in Markham, OntarioWEB,weblink Newspapers in Canada, The Canadian Encyclopedia,
In 1998,NEWS,weblink Lost in Translation, August 2008, Toronto Life, February 22, 2013, yes,weblink" title="">weblink November 12, 2010, mdy-all, the Toronto Star purchased a majority stake in Sing Tao's Canadian newspaper Sing Tao Daily, which it jointly owns with Sing Tao News Corporation.WEB,weblink February 22, 2013, Star Media Group, Torstar Corporation, Sing Tao Daily encountered controversy in April 2008, after media watchers discovered the paper had altered a translated Toronto Star article about the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympic Games protests to adhere to Chinese government's official line. Sing Tao{{'}}s then-editor Wilson Chan was fired over this.NEWS,weblink Editor Dismissed Over Pro-Beijing Edits, Say Sources, April 9, 2009, The Epoch Times, February 22, 2013,


In October 2012, the Star announced its intention to implement a paywall on its website,,WEB,weblink The Star to launch digital subscription, Toronto Star, which was made effective on August 13, 2013. Readers with daily home delivery had free access to all its digital content. Those without a digital subscription can view up to ten articles a month.WEB,weblink Toronto Star launches digital subscriptions: Publisher, Toronto Star, NEWS,weblink Toronto Star moving behind paywall, August 13, 2013, CBC News, February 18, 2019, The paywall does not apply to its sister sites, such as (automotive news and classifieds) or Workopolis (career search). However, during late 2013, the Star announced that it would end its paywall, which it did on April 1, 2015.WEB,weblink Note to Readers: Star to end paid digital subscriptions on April 1, Toronto Star, In June 2018, the Star announced it was implementing a paywall again and has the same restrictions as its previous paywall implementation.WEB,weblink Registration, Toronto Star,

Star Touch tablet app

On September 15, 2015, the Toronto Star released the Toronto Star Touch tablet app, which was a free interactive news app with interactive advertisements. It was discontinued in 2017. At launch, it was only available for the iPad, which uses iOS. Based on a similar app for Montreal-based La Presse released in 2013, Star Touch is the first such app for any English-language news organization, quality-wise.WEB,weblink Toronto Star makes news with innovative Star Touch tablet app, Toronto Star, In slightly over 50 days since launch, the app had reached the 100,000-download milestone.WEB,weblink Toronto Star Touch hits 100,000 downloads. Have you tried it?, Toronto Star, The Android version was launched on December 1, 2015.WEB,weblink Toronto Star Touch launches on Android, Toronto Star, The iOS version is rated 12+ by Apple's App Store guidelinesWEB,weblink iTunes, and the Android version is rated Mature 17+ by the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB).WEB,weblink Google,

Closing of printing plants

On January 15, 2016, the Toronto Star announced it would close its printing plant in Vaughan and outsource all print production starting in July 2016. The newspaper said the closure was effected, so it could better focus on its digital outlets.WEB,weblink Torstar lays off more than 300 production, editorial staff, selling staff, Toronto Sun, Sagan, Aleksandra, January 15, 2016,


The Toronto Star has seen, like most Canadian daily newspapers, a decline in circulation. Its total circulation dropped by {{formatnum: {{#expr: abs(100 - (318763 / 409340 * 100)) round 0}}}} percent to 318,763 copies daily from 2009 to 2015.WEB,weblink Daily Newspaper Circulation Data, News Media Canada, December 16, 2017,
Daily averageWEB,weblink Daily Newspaper Circulation Data, News Media Canada, December 16, 2017, Figures refer to the total circulation (print and digital combined) which includes paid and unpaid copies.

Internship program shelved

In February 2018, the Toronto Star suspended its internship program indefinitely to cut its costs.WEB,weblink Toronto Star Suspending Internship Programs Indefinitely, Canadaland, Long a source of Canada's next generation of journalists, the paid positions were seen as a vital part of the national industry, and their suspension, a sign of its continuing decline.WEB,weblink Why the Toronto Star internship program was unique, February 21, 2018, J-Source,

Notable Star personalities (past and present)


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Presidents and CEOs of Torstar

Journalists and columnists

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Office locations of the Toronto Star

The Toronto Star has been located at several addresses from 1892 to 1970.WEB,weblink Toronto Star, April 5, 2017, History of the Toronto Star,

See also





Further reading

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  • BOOK, Archer, William L., William Archer (Toronto politician), 1947, Joe Atkinson's Toronto Star: The Genius of Crooked Lane,weblink Montreal, harv,
  • BOOK, Harkness, Ross, J.E. Atkinson of the Star, 1963, Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1402965,
  • DCB, Rutherford, Paul, Riordon (Riordan), John, 11,weblink harv,
  • DCB, Sotiron, Minko, Maclean, William Findlay, 15,weblink harv,
  • BOOK, Templeton, Charles, Charles Templeton, Charles Templeton, an anecdotal memoir, Inside the Toronto Star,weblink February 13, 2010, 1983, McClelland & Stewart, Toronto, 978-0-7710-8545-1, 11158533,
  • WEB, Vincent, Trista, Manufacturing Concern :: Ryerson Review of Journalism, January 6, 2011, March 1999,weblink yes,weblink" title="">weblink March 27, 2012, mdy-all,
  • BOOK, Walkom, Thomas L, Rae Days, 1994, Toronto, Key Porter Books, 978-1-55013-598-5, 30669140,
{{Div col end}}

External links

{{Commons category|Toronto Star}} {{Torstar}}{{Authority control}}

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