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Tom Mulcair
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|successor2 = Jagmeet SinghLeader of the Opposition in the House of Commons (Canada)>Leader of the Opposition in the House of CommonsJack LaytonNycole Turmel {{small>(Acting)}}|term_start3 = May 26, 2011|term_end3 = October 12, 2011|predecessor3 = David McGuinty|successor3 = Joe Comartin|term_start4 = September 17, 2007|term_end4 = August 3, 2018Outremont (electoral district)>Outremont|parliament4 = Canadian|predecessor4 = Jean Lapierre|successor4 = Rachel BendayanMinistry of Sustainable Development, Environment and Parks (Quebec)>Quebec Minister of the Environment|premier5 = Jean Charest|term_start5 = April 29, 2003|term_end5 = February 27, 2006|predecessor5 = André Boisclair|successor5 = Claude BéchardNational Assembly of Quebecfor Chomedey (electoral district)>Chomedey|term_start6 = September 12, 1994|term_end6 = March 26, 2007|predecessor6 = Lise Bacon|successor6 = Guy Ouellette|birth_name = Thomas Joseph Mulcair195424}}|birth_place = The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, CanadaCanada|France}}|residence = Montreal, Canada|death_place = New Democratic Party {{small>(1974–present)}}Quebec Liberal Party {{small>(Provincial, 1994–2007)}}Catherine Pinhas|1976}}|children = 2|alma_mater = McGill University}}Thomas Joseph MulcairNEWS,weblink Mulcair makes believers of us with historic by-election victory, The Monitor, September 26, 2007, March 25, 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110826191257weblink">weblink August 26, 2011, yes, mdy-all, {{post-nominals|country=CAN|PC}} (born October 24, 1954) is a retired Canadian politician from Quebec who served as the leader of the New Democratic Party of Canada from 2012 to 2017. A Member of Parliament for the electoral district of Outremont in Quebec from 2007 to 2018, he was selected as the leader of the NDP at a leadership election on March 24, 2012, on the fourth ballot.NEWS,weblink Live coverage: Thomas Mulcair replaces Jack Layton as leader of the NDP and the Official Opposition, The Globe and Mail, Toronto, March 24, 2012, May 18, 2015, He then served as Leader of the Official Opposition until the NDP lost just over half of its seats in the 2015 federal election and resumed third-place status. During a leadership review vote, held at the 2016 federal NDP convention, 52% of the delegates voted to hold a leadership election.WEB,weblink Mulcair's weakness also his strength: he brought the NDP closer to the centre - CBC News, cbc.ca, March 31, 2018, Mulcair stated he would remain leader until the party chooses a replacement. Convention delegates, in an emergency motion, voted to give the party up to two years to choose a new head.WEB,weblink Rejecting Mulcair, NDP delegates vote in favour of new leadership race - CBC News, cbc.ca, March 31, 2018, Mulcair later announced in May 2016 that he would retire from politics, and would not contest his riding in the next federal election. He resigned his seat on August 3, 2018 in order to accept a position in the political science department of the University of Montreal. He has also been hired as an on-air political analyst for CJAD, CTV News Channel, and TVA.WEB,weblink Tom Mulcair quitting politics before next federal election, May 15, 2016, montrealgazette.com, March 31, 2018, A lawyer by profession, Mulcair joined the federal NDP in 1974."NDP Leadership: Thomas Mulcair draws on experience as Quebec environment minister" by Joanna Smith, Toronto Star, March 16, 2012.weblink He was the provincial Member of the National Assembly of Quebec for the riding of Chomedey in Laval from 1994 to 2007, holding the seat for the Liberal Party of Quebec. He served as the Minister of Sustainable Development, Environment and Parks from 2003 until 2006, in the Liberal government of Premier Jean Charest. Elected MP for Outremont in a by-election in 2007, he was named co-Deputy Leader of the NDP shortly afterwards, and won re-election to his seat three times.On May 26, 2011, he was named the New Democratic Party's Opposition House Leader and also served as the NDP's Quebec lieutenant, a post he held until being named party leader. Prior to entering politics, Mulcair was a senior civil servant in the Quebec provincial government, ran a private law practice, and taught law at the university level.WEB, About Tom Mulcair, NDP Official Website,weblink 18 July 2014,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20151017160604weblink">weblink October 17, 2015, yes, mdy-all,

Early life, family, and education

Mulcair was born in 24 October 1954 at The Ottawa Hospital in Ottawa. He is the son of Jeanne (née Hurtubise), a school teacher, and Harry Donnelly Mulcair, who worked in insurance.WEB,weblink Thomas Mulcair's Family, Personal Side To Be Shown In New Light At NDP Policy Convention, April 10, 2013, huffingtonpost.ca, March 31, 2018, He is the second-oldest of the couple's ten children, and grew up bilingual. His father was of Irish descent and his mother was of French-Canadian, and more distant Irish, ancestry.WEB,weblink Strength of Conviction, Tom, Mulcair, August 1, 2015, Dundurn, March 31, 2018, Google Books, His maternal great-great-grandfather was the 9th Premier of Quebec, Honoré Mercier,WEB,weblink Mulcair is back, Courrier Laval, April 20, 2007, Courrierlaval.com, June 10, 2009, June 5, 2010, yes,weblink" title="archive.is/20120727235401weblink">weblink July 27, 2012, mdy-all, and through his mother, Mulcair is also a three times great-grandson of the 1st post-Confederation Quebec premier, Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau. Mulcair was raised in the Wrightville district of Hull (now Gatineau) and in Laval, just north of Montreal. He graduated from Laval Catholic High School, and in Social Sciences from CEGEP Vanier College.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120501165820weblink">weblink yes, May 1, 2012, Thomas Mulcair, Thomasmulcair.ca, October 16, 2011, mdy-all, When Mulcair started law school at 18, he had to borrow money from his sister to buy textbooks. He paid his way through school by working construction jobs, tarring and graveling roofs.WEB,weblink Review: Tom Mulcair's Strength of Conviction tells a story of a man who could make history, MARGARET, WENTE, Tom, Mulcair, July 31, 2015, March 31, 2018, The Globe and Mail, (File:Mulcair-CatherinePinas-NB.jpg|thumbnail|left|Tom Mulcair and wife Catherine Pinhas in New Brunswick, 2015)Mulcair graduated from McGill University in 1977 with degrees in common law and civil law. During his penultimate year, he was elected president of the McGill Law Students Association, and sat on the council of the McGill Student Union.He has been married to Catherine Pinhas since 1976; she is a psychologist who was born in France to a Sephardic Jewish family from Turkey.WEB, Yaffe, Barbara, March 17, 2012, Questions surround Mulcair as NDP leadership vote looms,weblink Postmedia News, March 26, 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20131120162306weblink">weblink November 20, 2013, mdy-all, WEB,weblink New NDP leader strongly backs Israel | The Canadian Jewish News, Cjnews.com, 2012-03-26, 2014-07-18, The couple have two sons. The oldest, Matt, is a sergeant in the Quebec provincial police and married to Jasmyne Côté, an elementary school teacher; they have two children, Juliette and Raphaël. Mulcair and Pinhas's second son, Greg, is an aerospace engineer who teaches physics and engineering technologies at John Abbott College and is married to Catherine Hamé, a municipal councilor; they have one son, Leonard.WEB,weblink Thomas Mulcair’s wife Catherine a psychologist and political confidante - Toronto Star, thestar.com, March 31, 2018, WEB,weblink Canada’s New Democrats, ndp.ca, March 31, 2018,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20180125030315weblink">weblink January 25, 2018, yes, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Mulcair delivers final speech in House of Commons, ctvnews.ca, June 15, 2018, EPISODE, House of Commons proceedings, House of Commons proceedings, CPAC (TV channel), CPAC, 14 June 2018, Mulcair has dual Canadian and French citizenship, and is fluently bilingual in English and French.NEWS,weblink Thomas Mulcair defends dual citizenship, CBC News, The Canadian Press, 17 Jan 2012, 18 July 2014, He calls himself "Tom" in English and "Thomas" in French.NEWS,weblink French-language debate triggers hot exchanges on niqab, economy, national unity, CBC News, 2015-09-24,

Early career

The Mulcairs moved to Quebec City in 1978, and Mulcair was called to the Bar of Quebec in 1979.WEB,weblink À propos de Thomas, Thomasmulcair.ca, July 26, 1977, October 16, 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20111022223057weblink">weblink October 22, 2011, mdy-all, He worked in the Legislative Affairs branch in Quebec's Ministry of Justice and later in the Legal Affairs Directorate of the Superior Council of the French Language.Gibb-Clark, Margo, Quebec's 'others': Life in a French world, The Globe and Mail, June 22, 1983, page A1In 1983 Mulcair became director of legal affairs at Alliance Quebec.WEB,weblink NDP’s Tom Mulcair plays down his past as anglo-rights defender with election on the line, National Post, Graeme Hamilton, July 17, 2015, During that time, he played a role in amending Bill 101, the Charter of the French language, in opposition to the goals of Quebec separatists.WEB,weblink Mulcair, the redeemer?, National Observer, July 2, 2015, August 5, 2015, In 1985 he began a private law practice, and was named the reviser of the statutes of Manitoba following the Supreme Court of Canada ruling in the Reference re Manitoba Language Rights case. Mulcair also taught law courses to non-law students at Concordia University (1984), at the Saint Lawrence Campus of Champlain Regional College in Sainte-Foy, and at the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières. He served as commissioner of the Appeals Committee on the Language of Instruction (1986).Mulcair was president of the Office des professions du Québec (1987 to 1993), where he introduced reforms to make disciplinary hearings more transparent, and successfully led a major effort to have cases of alleged sexual abuse of patients decisively dealt with.WEB,weblink Professional Code of Quebec, publicationsduquebec.gouv.qc.ca, September 1, 2011, Lévesque, Kathleen, La Corporation professionnelle des médecins serait incapable de protéger le public, Le Devoir, August 5, 1993, page A2 Mulcair was also a board member of the group Conseil de la langue française, and at the time of his appointment to the 'Office des Professions' he had been serving as president of the English speaking Catholic Council.WEB,weblink About Thomas Mulcair, thomasmulcairmp.ndp.ca, 2013, February 20, 2013, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160303191354weblink">weblink March 3, 2016, mdy-all,

Provincial politics

Mulcair first entered the National Assembly in the 1994 election, winning the riding of Chomedey as a member of the Quebec Liberal Party. Mulcair claims he ran as a Liberal because at the time, it was the only credible federalist provincial party in Quebec. In that era, Quebec was the only province where the NDP was not fully organized; its Quebec wing had seceded in 1990 to preach sovereigntism. He was re-elected in 1998, and again in 2003 when the Liberals ousted the Parti Québécois in the provincial election.After the 1995 referendum, Mulcair was eminent in demanding an inquiry about the rejection of thousands of ballots for the 'No' side.WEB,weblink Editorial: Tom Mulcair's harsh fate, April 11, 2016, montrealgazette.com, March 31, 2018, According to Le Devoir journalist Michel David, Mulcair is the person who coined the expression Pinocchio syndrome, which was the title of a book by André Pratte published in 1997 about lies in politics.WEB,weblink La méthode Mulcair, Le Devoir, March 31, 2018, In the book, Mulcair speaks about why he believes lying is common in politics, because, according to him, people feel free to manipulate journalists and say just about anything.Newly elected Premier Jean Charest named Mulcair Minister of Sustainable Development, Environment and Parks. At the time of his appointment to Cabinet he had been serving on several volunteer boards including The Montreal Oral School for the Deaf, Operation Enfant Soleil and the Saint-Patrick's Society.WEB,weblink About Tom « Thomas Mulcair, Thomasmulcair.ca, December 26, 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120330000757weblink">weblink March 30, 2012, mdy-all, During his tenure he was a supporter of the Kyoto Protocol, and drafted a bill amending the Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms to include the right to live in a healthy environment. The bill passed in 2006.Mulcair accused former PQ minister Yves Duhaime of influence peddling. Duhaime filed a defamation suit in 2005 and Mulcair was ordered to pay $95,000, plus legal costs.NEWS, Seguin, Rheal, Quebec minister ordered to pay in defamation suit,weblink In 2010 the provincial police anti-corruption squad in Quebec investigated the then sitting Mayor of Laval, Quebec, Gilles Vaillancourt, for allegations of bribing several provincial politicians. The probe contacted Mulcair to discuss a suspected bribe offered to him in 1994.NEWS, Thomas Mulcair was offered (and refused) envelope full of cash, NDP leader told police,weblink National Post, May 16, 2013, Mulcair claims he never looked in the envelope and handed it back to the Mayor.NEWS, Conservatives demand Thomas Mulcair ‘come clean’ on 1994 bribe probe,weblink National Post, May 22, 2013,

Sustainable Development and Infrastructure

On November 25, 2004, Mulcair launched Quebec's Sustainable Development Plan and tabled a draft bill on sustainable development. Also included was a proposed amendment to the Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms to create a new right, the right to live in a healthy environment that respects biodiversity, in accordance with the guidelines and standards set out in the Act.WEB,weblink Sustainable Development: Because Quality of Life Counts!, Press Release, November 25, 2004, Mddep.gouv.qc.ca, November 25, 2004, June 5, 2010, Mulcair's Sustainable Development Plan was based on the successful European model and was described as one of the most avant-garde in North America.WEB,weblink Ch13-10.indd, PDF, June 5, 2010, {{Dead link|date=October 2010|bot=H3llBot}} Mulcair followed the proposal by embarking on a 21-city public consultation tour, and the Act was unanimously adopted by the National Assembly of Quebec in April 2006.Accomplishments related to infrastructure included the completion of Autoroute 30 between Vaudreuil and Brossard, Autoroute 50 between Gatineau and Lachute, the widening of Route 175 between Stoneham and Saguenay, the widening of Route 185 from Rivière-du-Loup to the New Brunswick border and the introduction of a toll bridge which would complete Autoroute 25 between Montreal and Laval.Meunier, Hugo, Prolongement de l'autoroute 25 : Les environnementalistes s'adressent à la Cour supérieure, La Presse, April 1, 2006, page A6

Departure from cabinet

In 2006, Mulcair opposed a proposed condominium development in the mountain and ski resort of Mont Orford National Park. During a February 27, 2006 Cabinet shuffle, Charest removed Mulcair from his position as Minister of Sustainable Development, Environment, and Parks, and offered him the lesser cabinet position of Minister of Government Services. His opposition to the Government's development plans fuelled speculation that this was a punishment,Corbeil, Michel, Mulcair règle ses comptes: Malgré ses flèches à Charest, il reste député Le Soleil, Quebec, March 7, 2006, page A1 which led Mulcair to resign from cabinet rather than accept the apparent demotion.WEB, Gazette, The,weblink Mulcair quits in a huff, The Gazette, February 28, 2006, Canada.com, February 28, 2006, June 5, 2010, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20121025121019weblink">weblink October 25, 2012, mdy-all, The testimony of Jean Charest, incoming Environment Minister Claude Béchard, and the owner of the company pursuing the development plan, Andre L'Esperance, all contradicted Mulcair, saying that the Orford deal had been approved by Mulcair before he left.WEB,weblink I didn't Ok Orford: Mulcair, Montreal Gazette, 31 March 2006, 22 September 2015, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160117233739weblink">weblink January 17, 2016, mdy-all, WEB,weblink Orford deal completed before Béchard arrived, CBC News, 7 March 2006, 22 September 2015, WEB,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20151107204600weblink">weblink yes, 7 November 2015, I never asked to buy Mount Orford, Montreal Gazette, 26 May 2006, 22 September 2015, Dougherty, Kevin, On February 20, 2007, he announced that he would not be a Liberal candidate in the 2007 Quebec general election.WEB,weblink Mulcair will not be a Liberal candidate in the next election (press release distributed by Canada NewsWire), February 20, 2007, Newswire.ca, May 28, 2010, June 5, 2010,

Federal politics

Talks with federal parties

With his exit from the provincial Liberals, Mulcair explored an entry into federal politics, having discussions with the Liberal Party of Canada, the New Democratic Party, and the Conservative Party of Canada, During this time he also considered a job with a prominent law firm's environment section.NEWS,weblink Mulcair’s secret meetings with the Tories, June 29, 2015, Macleans, Martin Patriquin, June 29, 2015, Talks with the Conservatives failed because of differing views on the Kyoto Protocol.NEWS,weblink July 4, 2015, Top federal Conservatives back Tom Mulcair’s explanation for 2007 talks, contradicting Maclean’s report, National Post, Peter O'Neil, July 5, 2015, Although Mulcair has identified former Quebec Liberal Party leader Claude Ryan as his political mentor,WEB,weblink À propos de Thomas « Thomas Mulcair, Thomasmulcair.ca, July 26, 1977, October 16, 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20111022223057weblink">weblink October 22, 2011, mdy-all, his presence in the front row during a speech in Montreal by NDP Leader Jack Layton in March 2007 led to speculation about his political future.NEWS,weblink En bref â€” Mulcair courtisé par quatre partis fédéraux, 13 March 2007, Le Devoir, French, 18 July 2014, Over the course of several months, Layton persuaded Mulcair to run for the NDP in Quebec, where the party had no seats. On April 20, 2007, Mulcair confirmed that he would run for the NDP in the next federal election.WEB,weblink NDP recruits ex-Quebec environment minister Thomas Mulcair for next election, EarthEast, 20 April 2007, {{dead link|date=June 2016|bot=medic}}{{cbignore|bot=medic}}NEWS,weblink Mulcair sera candidat pour le NPD, La Presse, 20 April 2007, French, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070929140520weblink">weblink September 29, 2007,

By-election win

File:20070917-By-election-Tom-Mulcair.jpg|thumbnail|left|Tom Mulcair celebrates his by-election win with Jack LaytonJack LaytonMulcair also became Layton's Quebec lieutenant. On June 21, 2007, in an uncontested nomination, Mulcair became the NDP's candidate in the riding of Outremont for a by-election on September 17. Mulcair won the by-election, defeating Liberal candidate Jocelyn Coulon 48% to 29%; the seat had been a Liberal stronghold since 1935 (except for the 1988 election). Jean Lapierre suggested that Mulcair was likely aided by defecting Bloc Québécois supporters (the Bloc candidate had finished second in the 2006 federal election). In addition, Coulon's writings had been condemned by B'nai Brith Canada, and the local Jewish community in Outremont makes up 10% of the riding demographics.WEB,weblink Jocelyn Coulon est contesté par le B'nai Brith â€” LCN â€” National, Lcn.canoe.ca, July 23, 2007, June 5, 2010, WEB,weblink B'nai Brith has many reasons to doubt Jocelyn Coulon, Vigile.net, June 5, 2010,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110525011724weblink">weblink May 25, 2011, yes, mdy-all, Mulcair contradicted many federalists by defending the Quebec NDP’s Sherbrooke Declaration, which claimed that a 50 per cent plus one vote is sufficient for Quebec secession.Mulcair was only the second NDP Member of Parliament ever elected from Quebec, following Phil Edmonston in 1990 (one previous MP, Robert Toupin of Terrebonne, had crossed the floor to the NDP in 1986). Mulcair is also only the second non-Liberal ever to win Outremont, following Progressive Conservative Jean-Pierre Hogue in 1988.

Deputy leader

(File:2011-04-14 Montreal.jpg|thumb|Jack Layton and Tom Mulcair in Montreal, 2011)Mulcair was sworn in on October 12, 2007.NEWS,weblink NDP's Mulcair sworn in, takes swing at Bloc, CBC News, 12 Oct 2007, 18 July 2014, Earlier, he was named co-deputy leader of the NDP along with Libby Davies.NEWS,weblink Mulcair says NDP 'poised' to form government, 24 March 2012, 18 July 2014, CBC News, As the party's Quebec lieutenant, he worked to improve the standard of translation for the campaign's francophone party materials, with Layton's support.On October 14, 2008, Mulcair was re-elected as the MP for Outremont, making him the first New Democrat to win a riding in Quebec during a federal general election. He defeated the federal Liberal candidate, Sébastien Dhavernas, by 14,348 votes to 12,005 (a margin of 6.4%).WEB,weblink Elections Canada â€” Electoral Districts, Enr.elections.ca, May 2, 2011, In the 2011 federal election, despite facing a challenge from former federal justice minister Liberal Martin Cauchon,WEB,weblink Races to watch, August 5, 2011, Mulcair was re-elected once more with 56.4% of the popular vote, 21,916 to 9,204.WEB,weblink OFFICIAL VOTING RESULTS FORTY-FIRST GENERAL ELECTION 2011, August 5, 2011, The NDP became the Official Opposition for the first time ever, mainly on the strength of winning 59 of Quebec's 75 ridings, including Mulcair's. This was a notable political event, nicknamed the "orange wave".

Leadership race

(File:Thomas-Mulcair-NDP-Leadership-Acceptance-Speech.jpg|thumb|left|Thomas Mulcair gives his acceptance speech after being named NDP leader on March 24, 2012)Federal NDP Leader Jack Layton died on August 22, 2011, following a battle with cancer, and was honoured with a state funeral. Mulcair stated that Layton's death had hit him exceptionally hard, and that while he was considering a federal NDP leadership bid, he would need several weeks to make up his mind on that decision.WEB,weblink Thomas Mulcair concedes he's 'thinking' about NDP leadership bid, Les Perreaux, 30 Aug 2011, 18 July 2014, On October 13, 2011, at a press conference in suburban Montreal, Mulcair declared his candidacy for the federal NDP leadership, scheduled for March 23–24, 2012. He attracted the support of 60 of the 101 other federal NDP MPs,WEB,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20131026180051weblink">weblink yes, October 26, 2013, Those who are supporting Tom’s candidacy « Thomas Mulcair, Thomasmulcair.ca, March 25, 2012, including Robert ChisholmWEB, Kirkup, Kristy,weblink "Chisholm throws support behind Thomas Mulcair", by Kristy Kirkup, February 29, 2012, Torontosun.com, February 29, 2012, March 25, 2012, and Romeo Saganash,WEB,weblink ''Saganash endorses Mulcair for federal NDP's top job'', by The Canadian Press, March 7, 2012, Ctv.ca, March 25, 2012, the only two to have dropped out of the leadership race.Mulcair campaigned on reinventing the party, to strengthen its presence in Quebec, and attract voters in other parts of the country. However, leadership rival Brian Topp and former NDP leader Ed Broadbent framed the race as staying true to the NDP cause under Topp, versus moving the party to the political centre and away from its principles under Thomas Mulcair.CTV News coverage. March 24, 2012, approx. 10:10am EDT.NEWS, Tandt, Michael Den, Mulcair's plans to renew party irk NDP old guard,weblink March 24, 2012, The Gazette (Montreal), March 19, 2012, {{dead link|date=December 2016 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}At the leadership convention, Thomas Mulcair was elected NDP leader with 57.2% of the vote, beating challenger Brian Topp's 42.8% on the fourth ballot.NEWS,weblink NDP Leadership Convention â€” CBC News Live, Cbc.ca, March 25, 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120324221316weblink">weblink March 24, 2012, WEB,weblink Mulcair wins NDP leadership, vows to fight politics of fear | CTV News, Ctv.ca, October 14, 2011, March 25, 2012, Ed Broadbent went on to praise Mulcair's work as a parliamentarian.

Leader of the Opposition and the NDP

(File:20150617-Tom-Mulcair-Rally-for-Change.jpg|thumbnail|right|Tom Mulcair at the Rally for Change)On April 18, 2012, Mulcair moved into Stornoway, with his wife, Catherine Pinhas.NEWS,weblink Mulcair takes up residence at Stornoway, CBC.ca, April 20, 2012, April 18, 2012, On September 14, 2012, he was sworn in as a member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, and is entitled to the style "The Honourable" for life.New Democratic Party. "Tom Mulcair sworn to the Privy Council." September 14, 2012.His first year as leader of the NDP was plagued with several prominent defections. Thunder Bay—Superior North MP Bruce Hyer opted to sit as an independent after being disciplined for voting in favour of the dissolution of the Canadian Firearms Registry, a position counter to one strongly championed by Mulcair.NEWS,weblink Bruce Hyer quits NDP caucus to sit as an Independent, Cbc.ca, March 23, 2013, Jonquière—Alma MP Claude Patry later defected to the Bloc Québécois after disagreeing with the NDP's position to amend the Clarity Act, another policy which was strongly promoted by Mulcair.NEWS,weblink Mulcair calls on Patry to resign seat after defection to Bloc, Cbc.ca, March 23, 2013, The NDP did however manage to retain their seat in Victoria following the results of a close by-election.NEWS,weblink NDP credits pipeline opposition for Victoria byelection win, Cbc.ca, March 23, 2013, Mulcair declared his party's support for trade deals that including enforceable provisions on labour rights and environmental protection.NEWS,weblink Fair Trade, Sustainable Development Top of Mulcair's Economic Agenda, The Globe and Mail, April 5, 2012, August 5, 2015, NEWS,weblink Tom Mulcair's NDP takes 'vigorously pro-trade' position, Cbc.ca, March 23, 2013, Mulcair also strongly opposed plans for the creation of the Keystone XL and Northern Gateway pipelines, which included travelling to Washington D.C. to lobby against American approval of Keystone, and instead promoted the creation of a pipeline to carry western Canadian oil to be refined on Canada's east coast.WEB,weblink Mulcair dismisses Tory charge he trash talked Canada, pipeline while in the U.S., The Vancouver Sun, March 23, 2013, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130328013631weblink">weblink March 28, 2013, mdy-all, (File:Mulcair Montreal.jpg|thumb|left|Tom Mulcair in Montreal with Quebec NDP MPs)During the Mike Duffy expenses controversy and other expense scandals related to the Senate of Canada, the NDP reasserted its longstanding position that Senate should be abolished.WEB,weblink NDP determined to abolish Senate, Mulcair says, CBC, Aug 26, 2013, 8 August 2015, Fitzpatrick, Megan, Mulcair promised to seek a mandate for Senate abolition during the 2015 Canadian federal election even though the Supreme Court had ruled in 2014 that abolition would require the consent of all ten provinces.WEB,weblink Senate abolition a non-starter despite Mulcair's push, CBC, Jun 11, 2015, 8 August 2015, Hall, Chris, Nevertheless, following the election of Justin Trudeau as leader of the Liberals in April 2013 the political fortunes of the NDP appeared to be on the decline, with the party falling back to its traditional third place in public opinion polls.NEWS,weblink Remaking Thomas Mulcair, Paul Wells, Macleans, January 23, 2015, June 3, 2015, The party would go on to lose a June 2014 by-election to the Liberals in the previously safe riding of Trinity-Spadina, which was made vacant following incumbent Olivia Chow's decision to run unsuccessfully in the 2014 Toronto mayoral election.NEWS,weblink With Olivia Chow's jaw-dropping loss, can the left ever win back Toronto?, Joshua Errett, CBC News, October 28, 2014, June 2, 2015, By May 2015 however the NDP had managed to recover much of its lost ground in public opinion polling and was finding itself in a tight three-way race with both the Liberals and Conservatives.NEWS,weblink NDP jumps into 3-way race with Conservatives, Liberals, Éric Grenier, CBC News, May 20, 2015, June 3, 2015, NEWS,weblink 3-way federal race would have unpredictable outcome, CBC News, June 3, 2015, June 3, 2015, Commentators pegged several factors, including Mulcair's opposing stance against the Conservative's Bill C-51 which the Liberals agreed to support and the surprise win for the Alberta NDP in the 2015 Alberta provincial election, as having helped revive the federal party's lagging fortunes.NEWS,weblink Broadbent: Voters warming to NDP, Stephen Maher, Postmedia Network, Brantford Expositor, May 20, 2015, NEWS,weblink Mulcair, in with a chance, John Geddes, Macleans, June 5, 2015, June 5, 2015, NEWS,weblink Momentum swings to NDP, Stephen Maher, Postmedia Network, The London Free Press, June 16, 2015, June 17, 2015, The party also enjoyed success in getting two of its bills through the House at this time, the first of which abolished the so-called "tampon tax" on feminine hygiene products,NEWS,weblink 'Tampon tax' will end July 1, Haydn Watters, CBC News, May 28, 2015, June 4, 2015, while the second banned the use of "pay-to-pay" fees charged by banks,NEWS,weblink Conservatives to back NDP push for ban on pay-to-pay bank fees, The Canadian Press, CBC News, June 1, 2015, June 4, 2015, although the latter was later blocked from the House floor by the Conservatives.NEWS,weblink NDP bid to ban pay-to-pay bank fees blocked from House floor, Kady O'Mally, CBC News, June 1, 2015, June 4, 2015,

2015 election and aftermath

Despite early campaign polls which showed an NDP lead, the party lost 51 seats on election night and fell back to its former third place in Parliament. By winning 44 seats Mulcair was still able to secure the second best showing in terms of the number of seats compared to Ed Broadbent's 1988 election campaign. However, this was still a smaller percentage than Broadbent had won in 1988 due to the increased number of MPs now represented in the House of Commons.WEB,weblink NDP prepares to regroup at 1st post-election caucus on Wednesday - CBC News, cbc.ca, March 31, 2018, During the election campaign, Mulcair's stance on the niqab issue contributed to a decline in the party's support in Quebec.Following the election, Mulcair was criticized by some NDP members for having run on a moderate platform and promised to balance the federal budget whilst Justin Trudeau and the Liberals promised to run budget deficits in order to pay for social spending and economic stimulus programs; a position that was viewed as allowing the Liberals to outflank the NDP on the left of the political scale."After Tom Mulcair, what's next for the NDP?", CTV News, April 11, 2016"Rejecting Mulcair, NDP delegates vote in favour of new leadership race". CBC News, April 10, 2016."NDP votes 52% in favour of holding leadership race: Thomas Mulcair is out". National Post, April 10, 2016.At the NDP's party convention in April 2016, Mulcair was also criticized by Alberta delegates for what was seen as implicit support for the "Leap Manifesto", a program which was seen as opposing Alberta's oil industry and thus a political threat to Rachel Notley's NDP government in Alberta. At the convention, 52% of delegates voted for a leadership review motion to hold a leadership election within 24 months,WEB,weblink NDP votes for leadership review; Mulcair likely out as leader, www.nationalnewswatch.com, 2016-04-10, marking the first time in Canadian federal politics that a leader was defeated in a confidence vote.NEWS, A history of dramatic leadership reviews in Canadian politics,weblink April 11, 2016, Maclean's, April 10, 2016, Mulcair was asked by his caucus to remain as leader until his replacement was selected.NEWS,weblink NDP votes in favour of holding new leadership race, CBC News, April 10, 2016, 10 April 2016, Wherry, Aaron, His tenure as leader ended at the leadership election held October 1, 2017, with the election of Jagmeet Singh as Mulcair's successor.NEWS, Ballingball, Alex, Jagmeet Singh wins the NDP leadership race,weblink 1 October 2017, The Toronto Star, 1 October 2017, In the days prior to the leadership vote, Mulcair confirmed his intention not to stand for parliament in the next federal election, expected in 2019, and suggested that he may resign his seat in the House of Commons as early as Christmas 2017 to accept one of the university appointments that has been offered to him.WEB,weblink Tom Mulcair says his legacy is to leave next NDP leader a truly national party - CBC News, cbc.ca, March 31, 2018, Following the October 2, 2017 election of Jagmeet Singh as NDP leader, Mulcair was appointed Energy Critic in the NDP's shadow cabinet.WEB,weblink Mulcair off to Asia on committee trip - iPolitics, November 30, 2017, ipolitics.ca, March 31, 2018, Muclair resigned as MP for Outremont on August 3, 2018.

Political positions

Abortion

Mulcair stated at a conference in Quebec that people with an anti-abortion stance are not welcome to run for NDP, saying, "it's not debatable, it's not negotiable, it is a woman's right to determine her own health questions and her reproductive choices."NEWS,weblink Andrea, Janus, May 8, 2014, June 22, 2014, CTV News,

Economic policy

(File:20150721-ON-Tom-Mulcair.jpg|thumbnail|right|Tom Mulcair visiting Cambridge's Innovative Steam Technologies)Mulcair supports lowering the small business tax rate from 11% to 9% because they create "80% of all new jobs in this country".WEB,weblink Mulcair unveils more platform planks: tax relief for small biz, manufacturers, Joan, Bryden, January 27, 2015, ctvnews.ca, March 31, 2018, He said an NDP government would "create an innovation tax credit to encourage manufacturers to invest in machinery, equipment and property used in research and development".WEB,weblink Mulcair unveils more platform planks: tax relief for small biz, manufacturers - CBC News, cbc.ca, March 31, 2018, Thomas Mulcair has proposed reversing some of the corporate tax cuts advanced by the Conservative government, while keeping taxes below the U.S. combined corporate tax rate. Mulcair has stated that he will not raise personal income taxes, but has promised to cancel the Conservative government's income splitting for two-parent households.NEWS,weblink Thomas Mulcair makes his case for boosting corporate tax rate, August 4, 2015, The Toronto Star, Mulcair has promised to use additional tax revenue to pay for infrastructure, public transit, a new child care program, and a balanced budget.

Energy policy

Mulcair has promised to end fossil fuel subsidies under previous governments, and introduce cap-and-trade for carbon emissions. He has also promised to reverse cuts to the environmental review processes, and return to "rigorous, science-based environmental impact assessments".

First Nations, Métis and Inuit Canadians

File:20150707-Montreal-Tom-Mulcair.jpg|thumbnail|Tom Mulcair and Grand Chief Perry Bellegarde at the AFN General Assembly]]In response to the Idle No More movement, Mulcair said that the NDP would put a filter on decisions made to ensure that they respect court rulings and international obligations to First Nations in Canada.NEWS,weblink iPolitics, Mulcair gives a glimpse of what NDP platform may look like, He also pledged to call a national public inquiry into missing and murdered aboriginal women within 100 days of taking office, if his party is elected.NEWS,weblink Tom Mulcair vows aboriginal women inquiry within 100 days if NDP elected, Susana Mas, CBC News, August 27, 2014, June 3, 2015, Mulcair called for a “nation-to-nation” relationship with First Nations, Inuit and Metis peoples following the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s report on residential schools. He said his “number 1” priority would be to improve First Nations education.WEB,weblink Mulcair calls for 'nation to nation' approach after residential schools report, Michelle, Zilio, June 3, 2015, ctvnews.ca, March 31, 2018,

Public safety

Mulcair has been critical of Conservative public safety policy, saying cuts to food inspection and aeronautical safety have put Canadians at risk.WEB,weblink Mulcair says Tory cuts put public safety at risk - CBC News, cbc.ca, March 31, 2018, He also “criticized previous governments for allowing rail companies to police their own safety and called on Ottawa to take a more active role in doing that job” after the Lac Mégantic tragedy in Quebec.WEB,weblink NDP leader calls for more government enforcement on rail safety - CBC News, cbc.ca, March 31, 2018, Mulcair supports the longstanding NDP policy to decriminalize personal use of marijuana.WEB,weblink Mulcair clarifies stand on marijuana in time for 4/20 'pot holiday', March 31, 2018, The Globe and Mail, Mulcair has stated that he does not believe that someone should serve jail time for minimal possession of marijuana; but he has also stated that he does not support legalization.NEWS, Mulcair clarifies stand on marijuana in time for 4/20 'pot holiday',weblink Joan, Bryden, April 20, 2012, June 22, 2014, The Globe and Mail,

Women's issues

As NDP Finance Critic, Mulcair was critical of Stephen Harper’s 2009 budget because of “pay equity reforms which he said would remove the right of women to go to court to demand equal pay for work of equal value”.WEB,weblink CBC.ca - watch, listen, and discover with Canada's Public Broadcaster, CBC, March 31, 2018, He said that “the NDP could never support a budget package that maintained that sort of measure”.In 2014, as NDP leader, Mulcair announced that “an NDP government would launch a national public enquiry into missing and murdered aboriginal women within 100 days of taking office”.WEB,weblink NDP promises inquiry into 'systemic' violence against aboriginal women - CBC News, cbc.ca, March 31, 2018, Mulcair believes that “only a full public inquiry would get to the root causes of violence against aboriginal women”.WEB,weblink Mulcair, premiers call for inquiry into missing aboriginal women, August 27, 2014, ctvnews.ca, March 31, 2018,

Foreign policy

Mulcair believes that Canada can be a "positive force for peace, justice and respect for human rights around the world".WEB,weblink Opinion - Tom Mulcair: Canadians want balanced and principled approach to Mideast conflict, thestar.com, March 31, 2018, During a policy speech in May 2015, Mulcair announced the NDP would "increase overall funding for development assistance and ensure that poverty alleviation remains at the centre of Canadian aid efforts".WEB,weblink Mulcair promises abortion funding for foreign-aid projects, March 31, 2018, The Globe and Mail, Mulcair has been an opponent of Canada’s involvement in the combat mission in Iraq against ISIS.WEB,weblink Mulcair on Iraq: 'We think it's wrong for Canada to be involved', Michelle, Zilio, March 22, 2015, ctvnews.ca, March 31, 2018, In his time as NDP leader, Mulcair has promoted "a balanced and principled approach" to the conflict in the Middle East, criticizing "Stephen Harper and the Conservatives' one-sided approach". Mulcair has stated that he is "an ardent supporter of Israel in all instances and circumstances",WEB,weblink New NDP leader strongly backs Israel - The Canadian Jewish News, March 26, 2012, cjnews.com, March 31, 2018, while also stating that he is also an "ardent supporter of the creation of a Palestinian state".WEB,weblink NDP Leader Thomas Mulcair favours peace with Iran and says sanctions are working, Charlie Smith, The Georgia Straight, May 9, 2012, He has criticized some of the settlement policies of the Israeli government as illegal under the Fourth Geneva Convention, while also opposing the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions Movement against Israel as "grossly unacceptable".WEB,weblink What Gaza tells us about Canadian politics, March 31, 2018, The Globe and Mail, On July 22, 2014, Mulcair issued a statement where he reiterated his strong support for a ceasefire and negotiated two state solution during the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict.WEB,weblink Statement by NDP leader Tom Mulcair on situation in the Middle East, ndp.ca, March 31, 2018,

Post-political activities

Mulcair announced on December 18, 2017 that he would be resigning his House of Commons seat in June 2018, when the House rises for its summer break, in order to accept an appointment at a university.WEB,weblink Former NDP leader Tom Mulcair leaving federal politics in June - CBC News, cbc.ca, March 31, 2018, On January 11, 2018, Mulcair assumed the volunteer position of chair of the board of Jour de la terre Québec, a non-profit organization dedicated to environmental issues.WEB,weblink Thomas Mulcair to head Quebec Earth Day board, January 16, 2018, montrealgazette.com, March 31, 2018, Mulcair joined the political science department as a visiting professor at Universite de Montreal effective the summer of 2018.WEB,weblink Ex-NDP leader Tom Mulcair to teach at Universite de Montreal post-politics, February 2, 2018, nationalpost.com, March 31, 2018, On July 17, 2018 Mulcair also announced that he had accepted a position as political analyst on Montreal talk radio station CJAD effective August 28, 2018.NEWS, Brownstein, Bill, Ex-NDP leader Tom Mulcair joining CJAD as political analyst,weblink July 19, 2018, Montreal Gazette, July 17, 2018, He will also appear on CTV News Channel (owned by CJAD's parent company Bell Media) starting in fall 2018,NEWS, Tom Mulcair joins CJAD 800 as station's new political analyst,weblink July 19, 2018, CTV News Montreal, July 17, 2018, en-CA, After Labour Day, he'll be on twice weekly with CTV News Channel., and on the French-language network TVA in a similar capacity.NEWS, Former NDP leader Tom Mulcair to be political pundit on Quebec TV and radio,weblink July 19, 2018, CTV News, The Canadian Press, July 18, 2018, en-CA, And the fluently bilingual Mulcair will be giving his political opinions on the French-language TVA network as of Aug. 13, appearing on a show called 'La Joute.',

Electoral record

{{Quebec provincial election, 1994/Chomedey}}{{Quebec provincial election, 1998/Chomedey}}{{Quebec provincial election, 2003/Chomedey}}{{Canadian federal by-election, September 17, 2007/Outremont}}{{Canadian federal election, 2008/Outremont}}{{Canadian federal election, 2011/Outremont}}{| class="wikitable" NDP Federal Leadership Election, 2012! Candidate !! First Ballot !! % !! Second Ballot !! % !! Third Ballot !! % !! Fourth Ballot !! %| 57.22Brian Topp >| 42.78Nathan Cullen > eliminatedPeggy Nash > eliminatedPaul Dewar > withdrewMartin Singh > withdrewNiki Ashton > eliminatedRomeo Saganash > withdrew| 100{{Canadian election result/top|CA|2015|Outremont (electoral district)|Outremont|percent=yes|change=yes|expenditures=yes}}{{CANelec|CA|NDP|Thomas Mulcair|19,242|44.11|-11.57|–}}{{CANelec|CA|Liberal|Rachel Bendayan|14,597|33.46|+11.84|–}}{{CANelec|CA|Conservative|Rodolphe Husny|4,159|9.53|+1.55|–}}{{CANelec|CA|BQ|Roger Galland Barou|3,668|8.41|-3.20|–}}{{CANelec|CA|Green|Amara Diallo|1,575|3.61|+1.37|–}}{{CANelec|CA|Libertarian|Francis Pouliot|216|0.50|–|–}}{{CANelec|CA|Communist|Adrien Welsh|162|0.37|–|–}}{{Canadian election result/total|Total valid votes/Expense limit|43,619|100.00|–|$204,392.06}}{{Canadian election result/total|Total rejected ballots|426|0.97|–|–}}{{Canadian election result/total|Turnout|44,045|62.42|–|–}}{{Canadian election result/total|Eligible voters|70,559|–|–|–}}{{CANelec/source|Source: Elections CanadaWEB,weblink Election Night Results - Electoral Districts, © 2013 - Élections, Canada, enr.elections.ca, March 31, 2018, Elections Canada – Preliminary Election Expenses Limits for Candidates {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150815061116weblink |date=August 15, 2015 }}}}

References

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External links

{{Commons category|Thomas Mulcair}}
  • weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070825024820weblink">Official website
  • {{Canadian Parliament links|ID=17141}}
  • {{QuebecMNAbio|mulcair-thomas-j-4595}}
{{Canadian federal opposition leaders}}{{NDP}}{{Charest Ministry}}{{Authority control}}

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