Timothy D. Snyder

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Timothy D. Snyder
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{{redirect|Timothy Snyder|the American mathematician and academic administrator|Timothy Law Snyder}}

|birth_place = Ohio, United States|death_date =|death_place =|nationality =|ethnicity =|sub_discipline = History of Eastern Europe Yale University London School of Economics and Political Science > College of Europe}} Brown University | Balliol College, Oxford}}|doctoral_advisor =|academic_advisors =|doctoral_students =|notable_students =|known_for =|influences =|influenced =|children = 2Marci Shore|2005}}|awards = American Historical Association's George Louis Beer Award (2003),George Louis Beer Prize American Historical Association (homepage), Retrieved November 30, 2012Hannah Arendt Prize (2013),The VIZE 97 Prize (2015)|signature =|footnotes =}}Timothy David Snyder (born August 18, 1969) is an American author and historian specializing in the history of Central and Eastern Europe, and the Holocaust. He is the Richard C. Levin Professor of History at Yale University and a Permanent Fellow at the Institute for Human Sciences in Vienna.Ian Kershaw and Timothy Snyder to be honoured with Leipzig Book Prize for European Understanding 2012, January 16, 2012 {{webarchive |url= |date=March 5, 2012}}Snyder is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Conscience of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

Early life and education

Snyder was born on August 18, 1969,WEB,weblink Library of Congress Authorities, LCNAF Cataloging in Publication data - LC Control Number: no 98080445, Library of Congress, LOC, January 22, 2010, in southwestern Ohio, the son of Christine (Hadley), a homemaker, and Estel Eugene Snyder, a veterinarian.WEB,weblink "Estel Eugene Snyder and Christine Hadley Snyder", Google Books, April 16, 2017, Snyder graduated from Centerville High School. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree in history and political science from Brown University and his Doctor of Philosophy degree in modern history in 1995 at the University of Oxford, supervised by Timothy Garton Ash and Jerzy Jedlicki. He was a Marshall Scholar at Balliol College, Oxford, from 1991 to 1994."Timothy Snyder Receives 2011 Ralph Waldo Emerson Award", The Phi Beta Kappa Society, 05 December 2011


Snyder has held fellowships at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique in Paris from 1994 to 1995, the Institut für die Wissenschaften vom Menschen in Vienna in 1996, the Olin Institute for Strategic Studies at Harvard University in 1997, and was an Academy Scholar at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University from 1998 to 2001.He has also been an instructor at the College of Europe Natolin Campus, the Baron Velge Chair at the Université libre de Bruxelles, the Cleveringa Chair at the University of Leiden, Philippe Romain Chair at the London School of Economics, and the 2013 René Girard Lecturer at Stanford University.WEB,weblink "Professor Timothy Snyder", Yale University, July 30, 2017, WEB,weblink "Timothy Snyder, author of Bloodlands, to speak at Stanford on March 13", Stanford University, July 30, 2017, WEB,weblink "Timothy Snyder", London School of Economics, July 30, 2017, Prior to assuming the Richard C. Levin Professorship of History, Snyder was the Bird White Housum Professor of History at Yale University.Snyder can speak and write French, German, Polish, and Ukrainian in addition to English, and read Czech, Slovak, Russian, and Belarusian. He is a member of the Committee on Conscience of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.WEB,weblink "Professor Timothy Snyder", Yale University, July 30, 2017,


Snyder has written five books and co-edited two. One of the latter, Thinking the Twentieth Century (2012), was written with Tony Judt while Judt was in the late stages of his illness with ALS disease.NEWS,weblink The Liveliest Mind in New York, New York (magazine), New York, Snyder has published essays in publications such as the International Herald Tribune, The Nation, New York Review of Books,List of articles by Snyder in The New York Review of Books the Times Literary Supplement, The New Republic, Eurozine, Tygodnik Powszechny, the Chicago Tribune, and the Christian Science Monitor.File:Timothy David Snyder Lviv Publishers' Forum-2014(YDS 9922).JPG|thumb|Snyder in LvivLvivSnyder says that he has a reading and/or speaking knowledge of eleven European languages. This enabled him to use primary and archival sources in Germany and Central Europe in researching his book, (Bloodlands|Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin) (2010). Bloodlands got a positive reception.WEB,weblink The Bleak Prophecy of Timothy Snyder, 2019-04-12, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 2019-04-16, Snyder says that knowing other languages is very important: If you don't know Russian, you don't really know what you're missing. ... We can only see as much, and we can only go as far as our languages take us. I wrote this book in English, but there are very important conversations that are happening in German, Russian, Polish and so on among those historians, and the book is addressed to all of them."Timothy Snyder, interviewed by 'Prospero', The Economist (Books), June 2011{{external media |width=210px |float=right |headerimage=(File:Timothy-Snyder-2015.jpg|210px) |video1=Ukraine: From Propaganda to Reality, Chicago Humanities Festival, 57:35, November 14, 2014 |accessdate=July 14, 2017}}Bloodlands has been translated into 20 languages."Best-selling author, historian Timothy Snyder to deliver W. Bruce Lincoln lecture Sept. 19", Northern Illinois University; retrieved October 3, 2012Snyder published Black Earth in 2015. The book received mixed reviews, with several harsh reviews.Snyder is a member of the Committee on Conscience of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. He serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Modern European History and East European Politics and Societies.For the academic year 2013–2014, he held the Philippe Roman Chair of International History at the London School of Economics and Political Science.WEB,weblink Timothy Snyder - Individual Bios - People - IDEAS - Home,, 2014-03-05,

Views on Putin

In The Road to Unfreedom, Snyder argues that Vladimir Putin's regime in Russia is authoritarian, and that it uses fascist ideas in its rhetoric.WEB,weblink The Road to Unfreedom by Timothy Snyder {{!, Books||language=en-US|access-date=2019-01-14}} In December 2018, during a discussion with a fellow historian of Eastern Europe, John Connelly, Snyder referred to this as schizo-fascism: }}File:Timothy Snyder (35313950321).jpg|thumb|On 20 June 2017, a discussion on Germany’s historical responsibility towards UkraineUkraine His view was questioned by Marlene Laruelle, Research Professor at The George Washington University: "Contrary to [Snyder's] claims, the Kremlin does not live in an ideological world inspired by Nazi Germany, but in one in which the Yalta decades, the Gorbachev-Yeltsin years, and the collapse of the Soviet Union still constitute the main historical referents and traumas."WEB, Is Russia Really “Fascist”? A Comment on Timothy Snyder,weblink PONARS Eurasia, Laruelle accused Snyder of "distortions, inaccuracies, and selective interpretations."

Views on the Trump administration

Asked how the agenda of the Trump administration compared with the Adolf Hitler's rise to power, Snyder said that: {{"|[H]istory does not repeat. But it does offer us examples and patterns, and thereby enlarges our imaginations and creates more possibilities for anticipation and resistance.INTERVIEW, Matthias Kolb, Timothy, Snyder, We have at most a year to defend American democracy, perhaps less,weblink Süddeutsche Zeitung, February 7, 2017, February 28, 2017, }}In a May 2017 interview with Salon, he warned that the Trump administration would attempt to subvert democracy by declaring a state of emergency and take full control of the government, similar to Hitler's Reichstag fire: "it’s pretty much inevitable that they will try."NEWS, Devega, Chauncey, May 1, 2017, Historian Timothy Snyder: "It’s pretty much inevitable" that Trump will try to stage a coup and overthrow democracy,weblink Salon (website), Salon, May 1, 2017, According to Snyder, "Trump's campaign for president of the United States was basically a Russian operation.""Historian Timothy Snyder: Trump's lies are creeping tyranny". Vox. May 22, 2017.


Snyder teaches a two-part lecture course at Yale covering the history of Eastern Europe pre- and post-1914, a critical turning point in world affairs. In the past he has also taught an undergraduate seminar on communism in Eastern Europe.WEB, History: Lecture Courses,weblink Yale University, 2016, February 27, 2017,

Personal life

Since 2005, Snyder has been married to Marci Shore, a professor of European cultural and intellectual history at Yale University. Snyder and Shore have two children together.Marriage announcement in Lehigh Valley Morning Call, February 13, 2005 Timothy Snyder is fluent in Polish language and reads also his lectures in Ukraine in Ukrainian language.History for the Future (Історія для майбутнього). Ukrayina Moloda. 26 June 2015


Selected works

  • Nationalism, Marxism, and Modern Central Europe: A Biography of Kazimierz Kelles-Krauz (Harvard University Press, 1998).
  • Wall Around the West: State Power and Immigration Controls in Europe and North America (Rowman and Littlefield, 2000). Co-edited with Peter Andreas.
  • The Reconstruction of Nations: Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1569-1999 (Yale University Press, 2003)
  • Sketches from a Secret War: A Polish Artist's Mission to Liberate Soviet Ukraine (Yale University Press, 2005)
  • The Red Prince: The Secret Lives of a Habsburg Archduke (Basic Books, 2008)
  • (Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin) (Basic Books, 2010)
  • Thinking the Twentieth Century With Tony Judt. (Penguin, 2012)
  • (Black Earth: The Holocaust as History and Warning) (Penguin, 2015)
  • On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century (Penguin, 2017)
  • (The Road to Unfreedom: Russia, Europe, America) (Penguin, 2018)



External links

{{The VIZE 97 Prize}}{{Authority control}}

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