Time (magazine)

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Time (magazine)
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{{short description|American news magazine and website based in New York City}}{{Redirect|TIME|time as a measure|Time|other uses|Time (disambiguation)}}{{Distinguish|The Times}}{{Use American English|date=July 2018}}{{Use mdy dates|date=October 2018}}

|circulation_year = 2018|category = News magazine }}|country = {{hlist| Austria| Belgium| Bahrain| Belize| Colombia| Cyprus | Czechia| Denmark| Estonia| Finland| France| Germany| Gibraltar| Greece| Hungary| Iceland|India |Israel| Italy| Jordan| Kenya| Kuwait| Lebanon| Malta| Mexico| Morocco| Netherlands| Nigeria| Norway| Oman| Panama| Poland| Portugal| Qatar| Rep Albania| Romania| KSA| Slovakia| Slovenia| Spain| Sweden| Switzerland| Tanzania| Tunisia| UAE| Uganda| Nauru| }}New York City, New York (state)>New York, U.S.|language =}}|issn = 0040-781X|oclc = 1311479}}Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City. It was founded in 1923 and originally run by Henry Luce. A European edition (Time Europe, formerly known as Time Atlantic) is published in London and also covers the Middle East, Africa, and, since 2003, Latin America. An Asian edition (Time Asia) is based in Hong Kong. The South Pacific edition, which covers Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands, is based in Sydney. In December 2008, Time discontinued publishing a Canadian advertiser edition.WEB,weblink Time Canada to close,, December 10, 2008, September 6, 2011, Time has the world's largest circulation for a weekly news magazine. The print edition has a readership of 26 million, 20 million of whom are based in the United States. In mid-2012, its circulation was over 3 million,WEB, Byers, Dylan, August 7, 2012,weblink Time Magazine still on top in circulation, Politico, October 8, 2018, which fell to 2 million by late 2017.WEB,weblink For Time Inc.’s Magazines, Fewer Copies Is the Way Forward, Jeffrey A., Trachtenberg, October 10, 2017,, Formerly published by Time Inc., Time is now published by TIME USA, LLC, owned by Marc Benioff since November 2018.WEB,weblink Time Magazine Staffs Up Under New Ownership,, 2019-06-07,


File:Time Magazine - first cover.jpg|thumb|right|The first issue of Time (March 3, 1923), featuring Speaker Joseph G. Cannon.]]Time magazine was created in 1923 by Briton Hadden and Henry Luce, making it the first weekly news magazine in the United States.NEWS,weblink History of TIME, Time, The two had previously worked together as chairman and managing editor, respectively, of the Yale Daily News. They first called the proposed magazine Facts. They wanted to emphasize brevity, so that a busy man could read it in an hour. They changed the name to Time and used the slogan "Take Time–It's Brief".Brinkley, The Publisher, pp 88–89 Hadden was considered carefree and liked to tease Luce. He saw Time as important, but also fun, which accounted for its heavy coverage of celebrities (including politicians), the entertainment industry, and pop culture—criticized as too light for serious news.It set out to tell the news through people, and for many decades, the magazine's cover depicted a single person. More recently, Time has incorporated "People of the Year" issues which grew in popularity over the years. Notable mentions of them were Barack Obama, Steve Jobs, etc. The first issue of Time was published on March 3, 1923, featuring Joseph G. Cannon, the retired Speaker of the House of Representatives, on its cover; a facsimile reprint of Issue No. 1, including all of the articles and advertisements contained in the original, was included with copies of the February 28, 1938 issue as a commemoration of the magazine's 15th anniversary.WEB,weblink Instant History: Review of First Issue with Cover,, March 3, 1923, January 26, 2014, The cover price was 15¢ (equivalent to ${{Inflation|US|0.15|1923|r=2|fmt=c}} in {{Inflation-year|US}}). On Hadden's death in 1929, Luce became the dominant man at Time and a major figure in the history of 20th-century media. According to Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1972–2004 by Robert Elson, "Roy Edward Larsen [...] was to play a role second only to Luce's in the development of Time Inc". In his book, The March of Time, 1935–1951, Raymond Fielding also noted that Larsen was "originally circulation manager and then general manager of Time, later publisher of Life, for many years president of Time Inc., and in the long history of the corporation the most influential and important figure after Luce".{{citation needed|date=May 2015}}Around the time they were raising $100,000 from wealthy Yale alumni such as Henry P. Davison, partner of J.P. Morgan & Co., publicity man Martin Egan and J.P. Morgan & Co. banker Dwight Morrow, Henry Luce, and Briton Hadden hired Larsen in 1922 â€“ although Larsen was a Harvard graduate and Luce and Hadden were Yale graduates. After Hadden died in 1929, Larsen purchased 550 shares of Time Inc., using money he obtained from selling RKO stock which he had inherited from his father, who was the head of the Benjamin Franklin Keith theatre chain in New England. However, after Briton Hadden's death, the largest Time, Inc. stockholder was Henry Luce, who ruled the media conglomerate in an autocratic fashion, "at his right hand was Larsen", Time's second-largest stockholder, according to Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1923–1941. In 1929, Roy Larsen was also named a Time Inc. director and vice president. J. P. Morgan retained a certain control through two directorates and a share of stocks, both over Time and Fortune. Other shareholders were Brown Brothers W. A. Harriman & Co., and the New York Trust Company (Standard Oil).{{citation needed|date=May 2015}}The Time Inc. stock owned by Luce at the time of his death was worth about $109 million, and it had been yielding him a yearly dividend of more than $2.4 million, according to Curtis Prendergast's The World of Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Changing Enterprise 1957–1983. The Larsen family's Time stock was worth around $80 million during the 1960s, and Roy Larsen was both a Time Inc. director and the chairman of its executive committee, later serving as Time's vice chairman of the board until the middle of 1979. According to the September 10, 1979, issue of The New York Times, "Mr. Larsen was the only employee in the company's history given an exemption from its policy of mandatory retirement at age 65."After Time magazine began publishing its weekly issues in March 1923, Roy Larsen was able to increase its circulation by using U.S. radio and movie theaters around the world. It often promoted both Time magazine and U.S. political and corporate interests. According to The March of Time, as early as 1924, Larsen had brought Time into the infant radio business with the broadcast of a 15-minute sustaining quiz show entitled Pop Question which survived until 1925". Then, in 1928, Larsen "undertook the weekly broadcast of a 10-minute programme series of brief news summaries, drawn from current issues of Time magazine [...] which was originally broadcast over 33 stations throughout the United States".{{citation needed|date=May 2015}}Larsen next arranged for a 30-minute radio program, The March of Time, to be broadcast over CBS, beginning on March 6, 1931. Each week, the program presented a dramatisation of the week's news for its listeners, thus Time magazine itself was brought "to the attention of millions previously unaware of its existence", according to Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1923–1941, leading to an increased circulation of the magazine during the 1930s. Between 1931 and 1937, Larsen's The March of Time radio program was broadcast over CBS radio and between 1937 and 1945 it was broadcast over NBC radio â€“ except for the 1939 to 1941 period when it was not aired. People Magazine was based on Time's People page.In 1989, when Time, Inc. and Warner Communications merged, Time became part of Time Warner, along with Warner Bros.In 1988, Jason McManus succeeded Henry Grunwald as editor-in-chiefNEWS,weblink - The Washington Post, Washington Post, May 29, 2018, en-US, 0190-8286, and oversaw the transition before Norman Pearlstine succeeded him in 1995.In 2000, Time became part of AOL Time Warner, which reverted to the name Time Warner in 2003.In 2007, Time moved from a Monday subscription/newsstand delivery to a schedule where the magazine goes on sale Fridays, and is delivered to subscribers on Saturday. The magazine actually began in 1923 with Friday publication.During early 2007, the year's first issue was delayed for roughly a week due to "editorial changes," including the layoff of 49 employees.WEB,weblink Time Inc. Layoffs: Surveying the Wreckage, December 15, 2007, Gawker, In 2009, Time announced that they were introducing a personalized print magazine, Mine, mixing content from a range of Time Warner publications based on the reader's preferences. The new magazine met with a poor reception, with criticism that its focus was too broad to be truly personal.WEB,weblink Time's foray into personal publishing, December 15, 2007, April 27, 2009, dead,weblink" title="">weblink April 30, 2009, The magazine has an online archive with the unformatted text for every article published. The articles are indexed and were converted from scanned images using optical character recognition technology. The minor errors in the text are remnants of the conversion into digital format.Time Inc. and Apple have come to an agreement wherein U.S. subscribers to Time will be able to read the iPad versions for free, at least until the two companies sort out a viable digital subscription model.WEB, Adams, Russell,weblink, Time Inc. in iPad Deal With Apple,, May 2, 2011, January 26, 2014, {{clarify|date=October 2018}}In January 2013, Time Inc. announced that it would cut nearly 500 jobs – roughly 6% of its 8,000 staff worldwide."Time Inc. Cutting Staff", Wall Street Journal, January 30, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2013. Although Time magazine has maintained high sales, its ad pages have declined significantly over time."Time Inc to Shed 500 Jobs", Greenslade Blog, The Guardian, January 31, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2013.Also in January 2013, Time Inc. named Martha Nelson as the first female editor-in-chief of its magazine division.NEWS,weblink The New York Times, Christine, Haughney, Time Magazine Names Its First Female Managing Editor, September 17, 2013, In September 2013, Nancy Gibbs was named as the first female managing editor of Time magazine.In November 2017, Meredith Corporation announced its acquisition of Time, Inc., backed by Koch Equity Development.WEB,weblink Time Inc. Sells Itself to Meredith Corp., Backed by Koch Brothers, Ember, Sydney, Ross, Andrew, The New York Times, November 26, 2017, November 27, 2017, In March 2018, only six weeks after the closure of the sale, Meredith announced that it would explore the sale of Time and sister magazines Fortune, Money, Sports Illustrated, since they did not align with the company's lifestyle brands.NEWS,weblink Meredith Laying Off 1,200, Will Explore Sale of Time, SI, Fortune and Money Brands, Spangler, Todd, March 21, 2018, Variety, March 22, 2018, en-US, In September 2018, Meredith announced that it would re-sell Time to Marc Benioff and his wife Lynne for $190 million, which was completed on October 31, 2018. Although Benioff is the chairman and co-CEO of, Time will remain separate from the company, and Benioff will not be involved in its daily operations.NEWS,weblink Marc and Lynne Benioff will buy Time magazine from Meredith for $190M, TechCrunch, September 17, 2018, Shu, Catherine, September 17, 2018, The sale was completed on October 31, 2018. Time USA, LLC the parent company of the magazine is owned by Marc Benioff.


During the second half of 2009, the magazine had a 34.9% decline in newsstand sales.NEWS,weblink The New York Times, Magazines' Newsstand Sales Fall 9.1 Percent, Stephanie, Clifford, February 8, 2010, During the first half of 2010, another decline of at least one-third in Time magazine sales occurred. In the second half of 2010, Time magazine newsstand sales declined by about 12% to just over 79,000 copies per week.{{citation needed|date=May 2015}} As of 2012, it had a circulation of 3.3 million, making it the 11th-most circulated magazine in the United States, and the second-most circulated weekly behind People. As of July 2017, its circulation was 3,028,013. In October 2017, Time cut its circulation to two million.Time has the world's largest circulation for a weekly news magazine. The print edition has a readership of 26 million, 20 million of whom are based in the United States. In mid-2012, its circulation was over three million, which had lowered to two million by late 2017.WEB,weblink For Time Inc.’s Magazines, Fewer Copies Is the Way Forward, Jeffrey A., Trachtenberg, October 10, 2017,,


Time initially possessed a distinctive writing style, making regular use of inverted sentences. This was parodied in 1936 by Wolcott Gibbs in The New Yorker: "Backward ran sentences until reeled the mind [...] Where it all will end, knows God!"BOOK,weblink The New Yorker – Google Books,, January 26, 2014, Until the mid-1970s, Time had a weekly section called "Listings", which contained capsule summaries and/or reviews of then-current significant films, plays, musicals, television programs, and literary bestsellers similar to The New Yorker's "Current Events" section.NEWS,weblink Time, TIME Magazine archives, Time is also known for its signature red border, first introduced in 1927.WEB,weblink Great American Novelist, Lin, Tao, September 21, 2010, The Stranger (newspaper),, May 30, 2011, The border has only been changed five times since 1927:
  • The issue released shortly after the September 11 attacks on the United States featured a black border to symbolize mourning. However, this was a special "extra" edition published quickly for the breaking news of the event; the next regularly scheduled issue contained the red border.
  • The April 28, 2008 Earth Day issue, dedicated to environmental issues, contained a green border.MSNBC-TV report by Andrea Mitchell, April 17, 2008, 1:45 pm .
  • The September 19, 2011 issue, commemorating the 10th anniversary of September 11 attacks, had a metallic silver border.
  • Another silver border was used in the December 31, 2012 issue, noting Barack Obama's selection as Person of the Year.
  • The most recent change was the November 28/December 5, 2016 issue, also featuring a silver border covering the Most Influential Photos of All Time.
Former president Richard Nixon has been among the most frequently-featured on the front page of Time, having appeared 55 times from the August 25, 1952 issue to the May 2, 1994 issue.WEB,weblink Watch: The Rise and Fall of Richard Nixon in TIME Covers, Time, en, September 17, 2018, In 2007, Time engineered a style overhaul of the magazine. Among other changes, the magazine reduced the red cover border to promote featured stories, enlarged column titles, reduced the number of featured stories, increased white space around articles, and accompanied opinion pieces with photographs of the writers. The changes were met with both criticism and praise.WEB, The Time of Their Lives,weblink, New York Magazine, August 22, 2012, Joe, Hagan, March 4, 2007, WEB, Does The Redesign of Time Magazine Mean It Has A New Business Model As Well?,weblink Bloomberg Businessweek, BLOOMBERG L.P, August 22, 2012, Bruce, Nussbaum, March 25, 2007, NEWS, Full Esteem Ahead,weblink The Washington Post, George F., Will, December 21, 2006,

Special editions

Person of the Year

Time{{'}}s most famous feature throughout its history has been the annual "Person of the Year" (formerly "Man of the Year") cover story, in which Time recognizes the individual or group of individuals who have had the biggest impact on news headlines over the past 12 months. The distinction is supposed to go to the person who, "for good or ill", has most affected the course of the year; it is, therefore, not necessarily an honor or a reward. In the past, such figures as Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin have been Man of the Year.In 2006, Person of the Year was designated as "You", a move that was met with split reviews. Some thought the concept was creative; others wanted an actual person of the year. Editors Pepper and Timmer reflected that, if it had been a mistake, "we're only going to make it once".WEB, The Time of Their Lives,weblink April 22, 2007, In 2017, Time named The Silence Breakers, women and men who came forward with personal stories of sexual harassment, as Person of the Year.WEB,weblink Time's Person of the Year: 'Silence Breakers' speaking out against sexual harassment,

Time 100

In recent years, Time has assembled an annual list of the 100 most influential people of the year. Originally, they had made a list of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. These issues usually have the front cover filled with pictures of people from the list and devote a substantial amount of space within the magazine to the 100 articles about each person on the list. In some cases, over 100 people have been included, as when two people have made the list together, sharing one spot.The magazine also compiled "All-TIME 100 best novels" and "All-TIME 100 best movies" lists in 2005,NEWS, All-TIME 100 Movies, Richard, Corliss, Richard Corliss, Richard Schickel, Schickel, Richard, Time,weblink February 12, 2005, NEWS, Best Soundtracks, Time,weblink February 12, 2005, NEWS,weblink That Old Feeling: Secrets of the All-Time 100, Richard, Corliss, June 2, 2005, Time, dead,weblink" title="">weblink August 11, 2010, "The 100 Best TV Shows of All-TIME" in 2007,NEWS,weblink The 100 Best TV Shows of All-TIME, James, Poniewozik, James Poniewozik, Time, September 6, 2007, and "All-TIME 100 Fashion Icons" in 2012.NEWS,weblink All-TIME 100 Fashion Icons, Time, April 2, 2012, In February 2016, Time included the British and male author Evelyn Waugh on its "100 Most Read Female Writers in College Classes" list (he was 97th on the list) which created much media attention and concerns about the level of basic education among the magazine's staff.WEB,weblink Evelyn Waugh: ‘Time’ Names Male Writer In List Of ‘100 Most Read Female Authors’, February 25, 2016, Time later issued a retraction."Evelyn Waugh: 'Time' Names Male Writer in List of "100 Most Read Female Writers" " by Jennifer Deutschman In a BBC interview with Justin Webb, Professor Valentine Cunningham of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, described the mistake as "a piece of profound ignorance on the part of Time magazine".WEB,weblink Time magazine correction: Evelyn Waugh was not a woman, February 26, 2016,,

Red X covers

(File:Time Magazine red X covers.jpg|right|thumb|Time red X covers: from left to right, Adolf Hitler, Saddam Hussein, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, and Osama bin Laden)During its history, on five nonconsecutive occasions, Time has released a special issue with a cover showing an X scrawled over the face of a man or a national symbol. The first Time magazine with a red X cover was released on May 7, 1945, showing a red X over Adolf Hitler's face. The second X cover was released more than three months later on August 20, 1945, with a black X (to date, the magazine's only such use of a black X) covering the flag of Japan, representing the recent surrender of Japan and which signaled the end of World War II.Fifty-eight years later, on April 21, 2003, Time released another issue with a red X over Saddam Hussein's face, two weeks after the start of the Invasion of Iraq. On June 13, 2006, Time magazine printed a red X cover issue following the death of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in a U.S. airstrike in Iraq. The most recent red X cover issue of Time was published on May 2, 2011, after the death of Osama bin Laden.WEB, May 2, 2011, A Brief History of Time Magazine's 'X' Covers, Ray, Gustini,weblink The Atlantic, The Wire,

Time for Kids

Time for Kids is a division magazine of Time that is especially published for children and is mainly distributed in classrooms. TFK contains some national news, a "Cartoon of the Week", and a variety of articles concerning popular culture. An annual issue concerning the environment is distributed near the end of the U.S. school term. The publication rarely exceeds ten pages front and back.

Time LightBox

Time LightBox is a photography blog created and curated by Time's photo department that was launched in 2011.WEB,weblink July 31, 2013, January 6, 2015, Olivier, Laurent, British Journal of Photography, Changing Time: How LightBox has renewed Time's commitment to photography, In 2011, Life picked LightBox for its Photo Blog Awards."weblink" title="">'s 2011 Photo Blog Awards",, as saved by the Wayback Machine on January 6, 2012. The citation reads:Elegant and commanding, intimate and worldly, Time magazine's beautifully designed LightBox blog is an essential destination for those who appreciate contemporary photography. Much more than photojournalism, Lightbox (which, like, is owned by Time Inc.) explores today's new documentary and fine art photography from the perspective of the photo editors at Time – arguably the strongest editors working in their field today. LightBox offers fascinating dispatches from every corner of the world...


File:Time Field Operations at Casper Events Center in Casper, Wyoming.jpg|thumb|right|Time Field Operations in Casper, Wyoming during the 2017 total solar eclipse ]]Richard Stengel was the managing editor from May 2006 to October 2013, when he joined the U.S. State Department.WEB, Richard Stengel,weblink TIME Media Kit, Time Inc, August 22, 2012, Time Inc, July 30, 2012, dead,weblink" title="">weblink March 5, 2012, WEB,weblink Nancy Gibbs Named Time's Managing Editor, WWD, September 17, 2013, September 17, 2013, Maza, Erik, Nancy Gibbs was the managing editor from September 2013 until September 2017. She was succeeded by Edward Felsenthal, who had been Time's digital editor.WEB,weblink Time magazine names Edward Felsenthal as new editor-in-chief,


Managing editors{|class"wikitable sortable"

!|Managing Editor!|Editor From!|Editor ToJohn S. Martin19291937Manfred GottfriedHTTP://DLIB.NYU.EDU/FINDINGAIDS/HTML/NYHS/TIMEINCOVERVIEW/BIOGHIST.HTML >TITLE=GUIDE TO THE TIME INC. RECORDS OVERVIEW 1853–2015 ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 8, 2018, July 23, 2018, 19371943T. S. Matthews19431949Roy Alexander19491960Otto Fuerbringer19601968Henry Grunwald19681977Ray Cave19791985Jason McManus19851987Henry Muller19871993James R. Gaines19931995Walter Isaacson19962001 Jim Kelly20012005Richard Stengel20062013Nancy Gibbs20132017|Edward Felsenthal2017present

Notable contributors

Snapshot: 1940 editorial staff

In 1940, William Saroyan lists the full Time editorial department in the play, Love's Old Sweet Song.BOOK, William, Saroyan, William Saroyan, Love's Old Sweet Song: A Play in Three Acts, Samuel French,weblink 71–73, 1940, July 15, 2017, This 1940 snapshot includes:
  • Editor: Henry R. Luce
  • Managing Editors: Manfred Gottfried, Frank Norris, T.S. Matthews
  • Associate Editors: Carlton J. Balliett Jr., Robert Cantwell, Laird S. Goldsborough, David W. Hulburd Jr., John Stuart Martin, Fanny Saul, Walter Stockly, Dana Tasker, Charles Weretenbaker
  • Contributing Editors: Roy Alexander, John F. Allen, Robert W. Boyd Jr., Roger Butterfield, Whittaker Chambers, James G. Crowley, Robert Fitzgerald, Calvin Fixx, Walter Graebner, John Hersey, Sidney L. James, Eliot Janeway, Pearl Kroll, Louis Kronenberger, Thomas K. Krug, John T. McManus, Sherry Mangan, Peter Matthews, Robert Neville, Emeline Nollen, Duncan Norton-Taylor, Sidney Olson, John Osborne, Content Peckham, Green Peyton, Williston C. Rich Jr., Winthrop Sargeant, Robert Sherrod, Lois Stover, Leon Svirsky, Felice Swados, Samuel G. Welles Jr., Warren Wilhelm, and Alfred Wright Jr.
  • Editorial Assistants: Ellen May Ach, Sheila Baker, Sonia Bigman, Elizabeth Budelrnan, Maria de Blasio, Hannah Durand, Jean Ford, Dorothy Gorrell, Helen Gwynn, Edith Hind, Lois Holsworth, Diana Jackson, Mary V. Johnson, Alice Lent, Kathrine Lowe, Carolyn Marx, Helen McCreery, Gertrude McCullough, Mary Louise Mickey, Anna North, Mary Palmer, Tabitha Petran, Elizabeth Sacartoff, Frances Stevenson, Helen Vind, Eleanor Welch, and Mary Welles.

Competitors (US)

The following is a list of other major American news magazines:

See also




  • {{citation |last=Baughman |first=James L. |title=Henry R. Luce and the Business of Journalism |work=Business & Economic History On-Line |volume=9 |year=2011 |url= |accessdate=October 8, 2018}}
  • {{Citation |last=Baughman |first=James L. |author-link=James L. Baughman |title=Henry R. Luce and the Rise of the American News Media |date=April 28, 2004 |url= |accessdate=October 8, 2018 |publisher=American Masters}}
  • {{citation |last=Brinkley |first=Alan |title=The Publisher: Henry Luce and His American Century |publisher=Alfred A. Knopf |year=2010 |isbn=978-0307592910 }}
  • {{Citation |url= |title=A Magazine Master Builder |last=Maslin |first=Janet |author-link=Janet Maslin |newspaper=The New York Times |department=Book review |date=April 20, 2010 |page=C1 |accessdate=April 20, 2010}}
  • {{citation |last=Brinkley |first=Alan |title=What Would Henry Luce Make of the Digital Age? |magazine=TIME |date=April 19, 2010 |url=,9171,1978794,00.htmlixzz0n9k5AEGK |publisher=Atheneum |quote=excerpt and text search}}
  • {{citation |last=Elson |first=Robert T. |title=Time Inc: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise, 1923–1941 |publisher=Atheneum |year=1968 |isbn=978-0689105555 |quote=official corporate history}}
  • {{citation |last=Elson |first=Robert T. |editor-first= Duncan |editor-last=Norton-Taylor |volume=2 |title=The World of Time Inc.: The Intimate History, 1941–1960 |year=1973 |isbn=978-0689105555 |quote=official corporate history}}
  • {{citation |last=Herzstein |first=Robert E. |title=Henry R. Luce, Time, and the American Crusade in Asia |year=2006 |publisher=Cambridge University Press |url= |isbn=978-0521835770 }}
  • {{citation |last=Herzstein |first=Robert E. |title=Henry R. Luce: A Political Portrait of the Man Who Created the American Century |year=1994 |isbn=978-0684193601 |publisher=C. Scribner's Sons |url-access=registration |url= }}
  • {{Citation |last=Wilner |first=Isaiah |title=The Man Time Forgot: A Tale of Genius, Betrayal, and the Creation of Time Magazine |publisher=HarperCollins |location=New York |year=2006 |isbn=978-0061747267 }}

External links

  • {{Official websiteweblink|Time}} – official site
  • Time magazine vault – archive of magazines and covers from 1923 through present
  • Time articles by Whittaker Chambers 1939–1948 – Time on the Hiss Case, 1948–1953
  • {{Wikisource portal-inline|Time (magazine)}}
  • {{Commons category-inline|Time Magazine}}
{{Navboxes|list={{50 largest US magazines}}{{White House James S. Brady Press Briefing Room seating chart}}}}{{authority control}}

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