Tiger Woods

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Tiger Woods
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{{pp-move-indef}}{{short description|American golfer}}{{pp-semi-blp|small=yes}}{{Use mdy dates|date=August 2018}}{{Good article}}

}}| birth_place = Cypress, California| death_date = | death_place =PUBLISHER=PGA TOUR, June 7, 2015, | weight = 185 lb| nationality = {{USA}}| residence = Jupiter Island, FloridaElin Nordegren2010|reason=div}}| partner = | children = 2| college = Stanford University(two years)| yearpro = 1996| retired =| tour = PGA Tour (joined 1996)| prowins = 108This is calculated by adding Woods' 81 PGA Tour victories, 8 regular European Tour titles, 2 Japan Tour wins, 1 Asian Tour crown, and the 16 other wins in his career.List of career achievements by Tiger Woods#PGA Tour wins (81)>81 (2nd all time)List of career achievements by Tiger Woods#European Tour wins (41)>41 (List of golfers with most European Tour wins)These are the 15 majors, 18 WGC events, and his eight tour wins.2009 European Tour Official Guide Section 4 Page 577 PDF 21. European Tour. Retrieved April 21, 2009. {{webarchive>url= |date=January 26, 2010 }}List of career achievements by Tiger Woods#Japan Golf Tour wins (2)>2List of career achievements by Tiger Woods#Asian Tour wins (1)>1List of career achievements by Tiger Woods#PGA Tour of Australasia wins (1)>1| champwins = List of career achievements by Tiger Woods#Other professional wins (16)>16#Major championships>15Won: 1997 Masters Tournament>1997, 2001 Masters Tournament, 2002 Masters Tournament>2002, 2005 Masters Tournament, 2019 Masters Tournament>2019Won: 2000 U.S. Open (golf)>2000, 2002 U.S. Open (golf), 2008 U.S. Open (golf)>2008Won: 2000 Open Championship>2000, 2005 Open Championship, 2006 Open Championship>2006Won: 1999 PGA Championship>1999, 2000 PGA Championship, 2006 PGA Championship>2006, 2007| wghofid = | wghofyear = PGA Tour Rookie of the Year>PGA TourRookie of the Year| year1 = 1996| award2 = PGA Player of the Year| year2 = 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013PGA Tour Player of the Year>PGA TourPlayer of the Year| year3 = 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013PGA Tour#Money winners and most wins leaders>PGA Tourleading money winner| year4 = 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013| award5 = Vardon Trophy| year5 = 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2013Vardon Trophy>Byron Nelson Award| year6 = 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009FedEx Cup>FedEx Cup Champion2007 FedEx Cup Playoffs>2007, 2009| award8 = Presidential Medal of Freedom| year8 =2019| awardssection = List of career achievements by Tiger Woods#Awards}}Eldrick Tont "Tiger" Woods (born December 30, 1975) is an American professional golfer. He ranks second all-time in both men's major championships and PGA Tour wins and also holds numerous golf records.
  • NEWS,weblink Who is the greatest golfer ever: Tiger or Jack?, April 13, 2018, For The Win, July 19, 2018,
  • NEWS,weblink What made Tiger Woods great—and can again – Golf Digest, Diaz, Jaime, Golf Digest, July 19, 2018,
  • NEWS,weblink Phil: Tiger in prime played best golf ever,, July 19, 2018, Woods is widely regarded as one of the greatest golfers in the history of the sport, and as one of the most famous athletes of all time.
Following an outstanding junior, college, and amateur golf career, Woods turned professional in 1996 at the age of 20. By the end of April 1997, he had won three PGA Tour events in addition to his first major, the 1997 Masters, which he won by 12 strokes in a record-breaking performance. He first reached the number one position in the world rankings in June 1997, less than a year after turning pro. Throughout the first decade of the 21st century, Woods was the dominant force in golf; he was the top-ranked golfer in the world from August 1999 to September 2004 (264 weeks) and again from June 2005 to October 2010 (281 weeks). During this time, he won 13 of golf's major championships.The next decade of Woods' career was marked by comebacks from personal problems and injuries. He took a self-imposed hiatus from professional golf from December 2009 to early April 2010 in an attempt to resolve marital issues with his then-wife, Elin. Extramarital affairs involving Woods were alleged by several women through the media, and the couple eventually divorced. Woods fell to number 58 in the world rankings in November 2011 before ascending to the No.1 ranking between March 2013 and May 2014.NEWS,weblink BBC News, Westwood becomes world number one, October 31, 2010, However, injuries led him to undergo four back surgeries between 2014 and 2017.WEB,weblink Complete list of Tiger Woods' injuries, PGA Tour, Woods competed in only one tournament between August 2015 and January 2018, and he dropped off the list of the world's top 1,000 golfers.NEWS,weblink With game on point, Tiger Woods is in perfect place to win again at Firestone, August 1, 2018, USA Today, NEWS, Reid, Philip, For the new Tiger Woods, second place is far from first loser,weblink The Irish Times, Dublin, August 14, 2018, On his return to regular competition, Woods made steady progress to the top of the game, winning his first tournament in five years at the Tour Championship in September 2018 and his first major in 11 years at the 2019 Masters.Woods has broken numerous golf records. He has been the number one player in the world for the most consecutive weeks and for the greatest total number of weeks of any golfer in history. He has been awarded PGA Player of the Year a record 11 timesWEB,weblink Woods Clinches PGA Player of the Year Award, Kelley, Brent, October 20, 2009, Golf, December 2, 2009, and has won the Byron Nelson Award for lowest adjusted scoring average a record eight times. Woods has the record of leading the money list in ten different seasons. He has won 15 professional major golf championships (trailing only Jack Nicklaus, who leads with 18) and 81 PGA Tour events (second all time behind Sam Snead, who won 82).WEB, Tracking Tiger, NBC Sports,weblink June 3, 2009, Woods leads all active golfers in career major wins and career PGA Tour wins. He is the youngest player to achieve the career Grand Slam, and is only the second golfer (after Nicklaus) to have achieved a career Grand Slam three times. Woods has won 18 World Golf Championships. In May 2019, Woods was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and is the fourth golfer to receive the honor.NEWS,weblink 'I've Battled,' Tiger Woods Says as He Accepts Presidential Medal of Freedom, May 6, 2019, Rogers, Katie, May 8, 2019, The New York Times, {{TOC limit|limit=3}}

Background and family

File:Tiger and Earl Woods Fort Bragg 2004.jpg|right|thumbnail|Woods and his father Earl at Fort Bragg, North CarolinaNorth CarolinaWoods was born in 1975 in Cypress, California,WEB,weblink Tiger Woods Biography – childhood, children, parents, name, history, mother, young, son, old, information, born,, December 16, 2017, to EarlWEB,weblink Tiger Woods' father, Earl, succumbs to cancer,, May 5, 2006, December 16, 2017, and Kultida "Tida" Woods.WEB, Kelley, Brent,weblink Tiger Woods' Parents: Meet Mom and Dad,, December 16, 2017, He is their only child and has two half-brothers, Earl Jr. and Kevin, as well as a half-sister named Royce from his father's first marriage.His Father's Son: Earl and Tiger Woods, by Tom Callahan, 2010; The Wicked Game, by Howard Sounes, 2004Kultida (née Punsawad) is originally from Thailand, where Earl had met her when he was on a tour of duty there in 1968. She is of mixed Thai, Chinese, and Dutch ancestry.NEWS, Earning His Stripes, AsianWeek,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, January 16, 1998, October 11, 1996, June 18, 2009, Earl was a retired lieutenant colonel and Vietnam War veteran who reported African American, Chinese, and Native American descent.WEB, Younge, Gary, Tiger Woods: Black, white, other {{!, racial politics |url= |website=The Guardian |accessdate=12 May 2019 |date=28 May 2010}} Earl's mother Maude Carter was light skinned."Earl Woods" (obituary). Daily Telegraph (June 5, 2006). Retrieved June 19, 2012. Tiger describes his ethnic make-up as "(wikt:Cablinasian|Cablinasian){{-"}} (a syllabic abbreviation he coined from Caucasian, Black, American Indian, and Asian).NEWS, Associated Press, Woods stars on Oprah, says he's 'Cablinasian', Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, April 23, 1997,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink December 12, 2007, June 18, 2009, Woods' first name, Eldrick, was coined by his mother because it began with "E" (for Earl) and ended with "K" (for Kultida). His middle name Tont is a traditional Thai name. He was nicknamed Tiger in honor of his father's friend Col. Vuong Dang Phong, who had also been known as Tiger.WEB, Tiger's dad gave us all some lessons to remember, Golf Digest, Callahan, Tom,weblink May 9, 2006, January 24, 2012, Woods has a niece, Cheyenne Woods, who played for the Wake Forest University golf team and turned professional in 2012 when she made her pro debut in the LPGA Championship.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, June 8, 2012, Tiger Woods' niece makes her major pro golf tourney debut today, June 7, 2012, June 7, 2012, Off the Bench, NBC Sports, Chandler, Rick,

Early life and amateur golf career

Woods grew up in Orange County, California. He was a child prodigy who was introduced to golf before the age of two by his athletic father, Earl Woods. Earl was a single-digit handicap amateur golfer who also was one of the earliest African-American college baseball players at Kansas State University.Training a Tiger: Raising a Winner in Golf and in Life, by Earl Woods and Pete McDaniel, 1997. Tiger's father was a member of the military and had playing privileges at the Navy golf course beside the Joint Forces Training Base in Los Alamitos, which allowed Tiger to play there. Tiger also played at the par 3 Heartwell golf course in Long Beach, as well as some of the municipals in Long Beach.WEB,weblink Play Golf Where Tiger Became Tiger,, In 1978, Tiger putted against comedian Bob Hope in a television appearance on The Mike Douglas Show. At age three, he shot a 48 over nine holes at the Navy course. At age five, he appeared in Golf Digest and on ABC's That's Incredible!WEB, Tiger Woods Timeline, Infoplease,weblink May 12, 2007, {{unreliable source?|date=April 2019}} Before turning seven, Tiger won the Under Age 10 section of the Drive, Pitch, and Putt competition, held at the Navy Golf Course in Cypress, California.Training A Tiger, by Earl Woods and Pete McDaniel, 1997, p. 64. In 1984 at the age of eight, he won the 9–10 boys' event, the youngest age group available, at the Junior World Golf Championships.WEB, 1984 Champions, Junior World Golf Championships,weblink May 13, 2007, He first broke 80 at age eight.The Wicked Game: Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus, Tiger Woods, and the Story of Modern Golf, by Howard Sounes, 2004, William Morrow, New York, {{ISBN|0-06-051386-1}}, p. 187; originally appeared in The Wall Street Journal, Nike's Tiger Woods professional career launch advertisement, August 1996. He went on to win the Junior World Championships six times, including four consecutive wins from 1988 to 1991.WEB, 1985 Champions, Junior World Golf Championships,weblink May 13, 2007, WEB, 1988 Champions, Junior World Golf Championships,weblink May 13, 2007, WEB, 1989 Champions, Junior World Golf Championships,weblink May 13, 2007, WEB, 1990 Champions, Junior World Golf Championships,weblink May 13, 2007, WEB, 1991 Champions, Junior World Golf Championships,weblink May 13, 2007, Woods' father Earl wrote that Tiger first defeated him at the age of 11 years, with Earl trying his best. Earl lost to Tiger every time from then on.
  • Training A Tiger: A Father's Guide to Raising a Winner in Both Golf and Life, by Earl Woods with Pete McDaniel, 1997, Harper Collins, New York, {{ISBN|0-06-270178-9}}, p. 23;
  • The Wicked Game: Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus, Tiger Woods, and the Story of Modern Golf, by Howard Sounes. Woods first broke 70 on a regulation golf course at age 12.His Father's Son: Earl and Tiger Woods, by Tom Callahan, 2010
When Woods was 13 years old, he played in the 1989 Big I, which was his first major national junior tournament. In the final round, he was paired with pro John Daly, who was then relatively unknown. The event's format placed a professional with each group of juniors who had qualified. Daly birdied three of the last four holes to beat Woods by only one stroke.Training A Tiger: A Father's Guide to Raising a Winner in Both Golf and Life, by Earl Woods with Pete McDaniel, 1997, Harper Collins, New York, {{ISBN|0-06-270178-9}}, p. 180. As a young teenager, Woods first met Jack Nicklaus in Los Angeles at the Bel-Air Country Club, when Nicklaus was performing a clinic for the club's members. Woods was part of the show, and he impressed Nicklaus and the crowd with his skills and potential.Jack Nicklaus: Memories and Mementos from Golf's Golden Bear, by Jack Nicklaus with David Shedloski, 2007, Stewart, Tabori & Chang, New York, {{ISBN|1-58479-564-6}}, p. 130. Earl Woods had researched in detail the career accomplishments of Nicklaus and had set his young son the goals of breaking those records.Woods was 15 years old and a student at Western High School in Anaheim when he became the youngest U.S. Junior Amateur champion; this was a record that stood until it was broken by Jim Liu in 2010.WEB, 1991 U.S. Junior Amateur, U.S. Junior Amateur,weblink May 13, 2007, He was named 1991's Southern California Amateur Player of the Year (for the second consecutive year) and Golf Digest Junior Amateur Player of the Year. In 1992, he defended his title at the U.S. Junior Amateur Championship, becoming the tournament's first two-time winner. He also competed in his first PGA Tour event, the Nissan Los Angeles Open (he missed the 36-hole cut), and was named Golf Digest Amateur Player of the Year, Golf World Player of the Year, and Golfweek National Amateur of the Year.WEB, 1992 U.S. Junior Amateur, U.S. Junior Amateur,weblink May 12, 2007, WEB, Tiger Woods, IMG Speakers,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink April 29, 2007, June 18, 2009, The following year, Woods won his third consecutive U.S. Junior Amateur Championship; he remains the event's only three-time winner.WEB, 1993 U.S. Junior Amateur, U.S. Junior Amateur,weblink May 12, 2007, In 1994, at the TPC at Sawgrass in Florida, he became the youngest winner of the U.S. Amateur Championship, a record he held until 2008 when it was broken by Danny Lee.Sounes, p. 277. He was a member of the American team at the 1994 Eisenhower Trophy World Amateur Golf Team Championships (winning), and the 1995 Walker Cup (losing).WEB, Notable Past Players, International Golf Federation,weblink May 13, 2007, NEWS, Ailing Woods Unsure for Walker Cup, The New York Times International Edition, International Herald Tribune, Thomsen, Ian, September 9, 1995,weblink January 4, 2011, Woods graduated from Western High School at age 18 in 1994 and was voted "Most Likely to Succeed" among the graduating class. He had starred for the high school's golf team under coach Don Crosby.The Wicked Game: Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus, Tiger Woods, and the Story of Modern Golf, by Howard Sounes, 2004, William Morrow, New York, {{ISBN|0-06-051386-1}}, information listed on inset photos between pages 168 and 169.Woods overcame difficulties with stuttering as a boy.
  • WEB, Famous People – Speech Differences and Stutter,weblink Disabled World, May 24, 2015,
  • NEWS, Tiger Woods writes letter of support to fellow stutterer,weblink May 24, 2015, May 12, 2015, The Guardian,
  • MAGAZINE, Sirak, Ron, Former stutterer Tiger Woods writes letter to young boy being bullied,weblink Golf Digest, May 12, 2015, May 24, 2015, This was not known until he wrote a letter to a boy who contemplated suicide. Woods wrote, "I know what it's like to be different and to sometimes not fit in. I also stuttered as a child and I would talk to my dog and he would sit there and listen until he fell asleep. I also took a class for two years to help me, and I finally learned to stop."NEWS, Tiger Woods Writes Letter to Boy With Stuttering Problem,weblink May 12, 2015, May 24, 2015, ABC News,

College golf career

Woods was heavily recruited by college golf powers. He chose Stanford University, the 1994 NCAA champions. He enrolled at Stanford in the fall of 1994 under a golf scholarship and won his first collegiate event, the 40th Annual William H. Tucker Invitational, that September.WEB, Stanford Men's Golf Team – Tiger Woods, Stanford Men's Golf Team, April 8, 2003,weblink July 19, 2009, He selected a major in economics and was nicknamed "Urkel" by college teammate Notah Begay III.BOOK, Rosaforte, Tim, Tiger Woods: The Makings of a Champion, St. Martin's Press, 1997, 84, 101, 0-312-96437-4,weblink In 1995, he successfully defended his U.S. Amateur title at the Newport Country Club in Rhode Island and was voted Pac-10 Player of the Year, NCAA First Team All-American, and Stanford's Male Freshman of the Year (an award that encompasses all sports).WEB, PAC-10 Men's Golf, PAC-10 Conference,weblink May 13, 2007, PDF, WEB, Tiger Woods through the Ages..., Geocities,weblink May 12, 2007,weblink" title="">weblink July 30, 2009, At age 19, Woods participated in his first PGA Tour major, the 1995 Masters, and tied for 41st as the only amateur to make the cut; two years later, he would win the tournament by 12 strokes. At age 20 in 1996, he became the first golfer to win three consecutive U.S. Amateur titlesSounes, p. 277 and won the NCAA individual golf championship.WEB, Tiger Woods Captures 1996 NCAA Individual Title, Stanford University,weblink May 13, 2007, yes,weblink" title="">weblink October 29, 2006, In winning the silver medal as leading amateur at The Open Championship, he tied the record for an amateur aggregate score of 281.Rosaforte 1997, p. 160. He left college after two years in order to turn professional in the golf industry. In 1996, Woods moved out of California, stating in 2013 that it was due to the state's high tax rate.
  • NEWS, Tiger Woods Moved Too, Says Mickelson Was Right About Taxes, Robert W., Wood,weblink Forbes, January 23, 2013, January 26, 2013,

Professional career

(File:Tiger Woods 2005.jpg|left|thumb|upright|Woods in 2005)Woods turned pro at age 20 in August 1996 and immediately signed advertising deals with Nike, Inc. and Titleist that ranked as the most lucrative endorsement contracts in golf history at that time.WEB, 10 Years of Tiger Woods Part 1, Golf Digest, Ron, Sirak,weblink May 21, 2007, WEB, Golf's first Billion-Dollar Man, Golf Digest, Ron, Sirak,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink May 13, 2007, May 12, 2007, yes, Woods was named Sports Illustrated{{'}}s 1996 Sportsman of the Year and PGA Tour Rookie of the Year.MAGAZINE, 1996: Tiger Woods, Sports Illustrated, Rick, Reilly, December 23, 1996,weblink May 13, 2007, On April 13, 1997, he won his first major, the Masters, in record-breaking fashion and became the tournament's youngest winner at age 21.WEB, 10 Years of Tiger Woods Part 2, Golf Digest, Ron, Sirak,weblink May 21, 2007, Two months later, he set the record for the fastest ascent to No. 1 in the Official World Golf Rankings.NEWS, Woods scoops world rankings award, BBC Sport, March 15, 2006,weblink May 12, 2007, London, After a lackluster 1998, Woods finished the 1999 season with eight wins, including the PGA Championship, a feat not achieved since Johnny Miller did it in 1974.WEB, The Truth about Tiger, Golf Digest, Jaime, Diaz,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink April 15, 2007, May 12, 2007, yes, NEWS, Woods is PGA Tour player of year, The Topeka Capital-Journal, Associated Press,weblink May 10, 2009, yes,weblink" title="">weblink April 3, 2010, Woods was severely myopic; his eyesight had a rating of 11 diopters. In order to correct this problem, he underwent successful laser eye surgery in 1999,NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods undergoes second laser eye surgery, Golf Today, May 15, 2007, June 19, 2012, and he immediately resumed winning tour events. (He received money from TLC Laser Eye Centers to endorse them,WEB, Bestrom, Craig, Strege, John,weblink Eyes of the Tiger: Tiger Woods – LASIK laser eye surgery,, June 19, 2012, In 2007, his vision again began to deteriorate, and he underwent laser eye surgery a second time.MAGAZINE,weblink Woods has second laser eye surgery, Golf Magazine, May 15, 2007, June 19, 2012, )In 2000, Woods won six consecutive events on the PGA Tour, which was the longest winning streak since Ben Hogan did it in 1948. One of these was the U.S. Open, where he broke or tied nine tournament records in what Sports Illustrated called "the greatest performance in golf history", in which Woods won the tournament by a record 15-stroke margin and earned a check for $800,000.MAGAZINE, Open and Shut, John, Garrity,weblink Sports Illustrated, June 26, 2000, August 15, 2007, At age 24, he became the youngest golfer to achieve the Career Grand Slam.WEB, 10 Years of Tiger Woods Part 3, Golf Digest, Ron, Sirak,weblink May 21, 2007, At the end of 2000, Woods had won nine of the twenty PGA Tour events he entered and had broken the record for lowest scoring average in tour history. He was named the Sports Illustrated Sportsman of the Year, the only athlete to be honored twice, and was ranked by Golf Digest magazine as the twelfth-best golfer of all time.
  • MAGAZINE, Tunnel Vision, Sports Illustrated, S.L., Price, April 3, 2000,weblink May 13, 2007,
  • NEWS,weblink 50 Greatest Golfers of All Time: And What They Taught Us, December 5, 2007, Yocom, Guy, July 2000, Golf Digest, yes,weblink" title="">weblink December 17, 2007,
File:TigerWoods2004RyderCup1.jpg|right|thumb|upright|Woods at the 2004 Ryder Cup2004 Ryder CupWhen Woods won the 2001 Masters, he became the only player to win four consecutive major professional golf titles, although not in the same calendar year. This achievement came to be known as the "Tiger Slam."NEWS, The remarkable drive of Tiger Woods, CNN,weblink March 27, 2012, Following a stellar 2001 and 2002 in which he continued to dominate the tour, Woods' career hit a slump.WEB, Woods is starting to own his swing, PGA Tour, Dave, Shedloski, July 27, 2006,weblink May 12, 2007, yes,weblink" title="">weblink September 22, 2007, He did not win a major in 2003 or 2004. In September 2004, Vijay Singh overtook Woods in the Official World Golf Rankings, ending Woods' record streak of 264 weeks at No. 1.NEWS, Hard labor pays off for Singh, Sports Illustrated, Reuters, September 7, 2004,weblink May 10, 2009, Woods rebounded in 2005, winning six PGA Tour events and reclaiming the top spot in July after swapping it back and forth with Singh over the first half of the year.MAGAZINE, A Rivalry is Reborn, Golf World, Bob, Verdi,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink May 14, 2007, May 21, 2007, yes, Woods began dominantly in 2006, winning his first two PGA tournaments but failing to capture his fifth Masters championship in April.
  • MAGAZINE, Morfit, Cameron, Tiger Woods's Rivals Will Be Back. Eventually., Golf Magazine, March 6, 2006,weblink May 11, 2009, yes,weblink" title="">weblink September 19, 2011,
  • NEWS, Hack, Damon, Golf: Notebook; Trouble on Greens Keeps Woods From His Fifth Green Jacket, The New York Times, April 10, 2006,weblink May 11, 2009, Following the death of his father in May, Woods took some time off from the tour and appeared rusty upon his return at the U.S. Open at Winged Foot, where he missed the cut.NEWS, Litsky, Frank, Earl Woods, 74, Father of Tiger Woods, Dies, The New York Times, May 4, 2006,weblink May 12, 2009, However, he quickly returned to form and ended the year by winning six consecutive tour events. At the season's close, Woods had 54 total wins that included 12 majors; he had broken the tour records for both total wins and total majors wins over eleven seasons.NEWS, Man of the Year, PGA, Associated Press,weblink June 18, 2009,
File:Tiger Woods Masters 2006.jpg|thumb|left|Woods at the 2006 Masters ]]Woods continued to excel in 2007 and the first part of 2008. In April 2008, he underwent knee surgery and missed the next two months on the tour.NEWS, Tiger Woods undergoes knee surgery, Agence France-Presse, April 15, 2008,weblink December 10, 2008, yes,weblink" title="">weblink December 12, 2008, Woods returned for the 2008 U.S. Open, where he struggled the first day but ultimately claimed a dramatic sudden death victory over Rocco Mediate that followed an 18-hole playoff, after which Mediate said, "This guy does things that are just not normal by any stretch of the imagination," and Kenny Perry added, "He beat everybody on one leg."
  • NEWS, Tiger puts away Mediate on 91st hole to win U.S. Open, Associated Press, ESPN, June 16, 2008,weblink December 30, 2008,
  • NEWS, Savage, Brendan, Rocco Mediate still riding U.S. Open high into Buick Open, The Flint Journal, June 25, 2008,weblink June 19, 2009, yes,weblink" title="">weblink May 5, 2012,
  • NEWS,weblink Mediate makes the most of his brush with Tiger, Larry, Lage, The Seattle Times, Associated Press, June 26, 2008, June 19, 2009, Two days later, Woods announced that he would miss the remainder of the season due to additional knee surgery, and that his knee was more severely damaged than previously revealed, prompting even greater praise for his U.S. Open performance. Woods called it "my greatest ever championship."
  • WEB, Tiger Woods to Undergo Reconstructive Knee Surgery and Miss Remainder of 2008 Season,, June 18, 2008, June 18, 2008,weblink Mark, Steinberg, yes,weblink" title="">weblink June 17, 2008,
  • NEWS, Dorman, Larry, Woods to Have Knee Surgery, Ending His Season,weblink The New York Times, June 19, 2008, October 13, 2009,
  • NEWS,weblink Woods savours 'greatest triumph' after epic duel with brave Mediate, Lawrence, Donegan, The Guardian, UK, June 17, 2008, June 30, 2008, In Woods' absence, TV ratings for the remainder of the season suffered a huge decline from 2007.WEB, Tiger's Return Expected To Make PGA Ratings Roar, February 25, 2009, March 30, 2009,weblink The Nielsen Company 2009,
(File:Tiger Woods - AT&T National tournament 2009.jpg|upright|thumb|Woods competing at the third annual Earl Woods Memorial Pro-Am (July 1, 2009))Woods had a much anticipated return to golf in 2009, when he performed well. His comeback included a spectacular performance at the 2009 Presidents Cup, but he failed to win a major, the first year since 2004 that he had not done so.
  • NEWS, Dahlberg, Tim, Anything can happen: It did in Tiger's return,weblink March 1, 2009, San Francisco Chronicle, July 1, 2009,
  • NEWS, Ferguson, Doug, Americans win the Presidents Cup, October 12, 2009,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, June 4, 2012, Cumberland Times-News, December 17, 2009,
  • NEWS, Barber, Phil, Americans win the Presidents Cup, The Press Democrat, October 11, 2009,weblink October 27, 2009, yes,weblink" title="">weblink October 3, 2011, After his marital infidelities came to light and received massive media coverage at the end of 2009 (see further details below), Woods announced in December that he would be taking an indefinite break from competitive golf. In February 2010, he delivered a televised apology for his behavior, saying "I was wrong and I was foolish." During this period, several companies ended their endorsement deals with Woods.
Woods returned to competition in April at the 2010 Masters, where he finished tied for fourth place.NEWS,weblink Mickelson wins Masters; Tiger 5 back, April 11, 2010, ESPN, April 12, 2010, He followed the Masters with poor showings at the Quail Hollow Championship and the Players Championship, where he withdrew in the fourth round, citing injury.NEWS,weblink Woods misses sixth PGA Tour cut, May 1, 2010, ESPN, Bob, Harig, May 1, 2010, Shortly afterward, Hank Haney, Woods' coach since 2003, resigned the position. In August, Woods hired Sean Foley as Haney's replacement. The rest of the season went badly for Woods, who failed to win a single event for the first time since turning professional, while nevertheless finishing the season ranked No. 2 in the world.File:TigerWoodsOct2011.jpg|thumb|left|Woods at a Chevron World ChallengeChevron World ChallengeIn 2011, Woods' performance continued to suffer; this took its toll on his ranking. After falling to No. 7 in March, he rebounded to No. 5 with a strong showing at the 2011 Masters, where he tied for fourth place.
  •, Official World Golf Ranking for March 27, 2011
  •, Official World Golf Ranking for April 11, 2011
  •, 2011 Masters tournament data Due to leg injuries incurred at the Masters, he missed several summer stops on the PGA Tour. In July, he fired his longtime caddy Steve Williams (who was shocked by the dismissal), and replaced him on an interim basis with friend Bryon Bell until he hired Joe LaCava. weblink June 7, 2011
  • Howard Sounes: The Wicked Game After returning to tournament play in August, Woods continued to falter, and his ranking gradually fell to a low of 58.WEB,weblink Tiger Woods moves to 50th in rankings, November 13, 2011, ESPN, November 14, 2011, He rose to No. 50 in mid-November after a third-place finish at the Emirates Australian Open, and broke his winless streak with a victory at December's Chevron World, December 4, 2011, Tiger ends two-year winless streak
Woods began his 2012 season with two tournaments (the Abu Dhabi HSBC Golf Championship and the AT&T Pebble Beach National Pro-Am) where he started off well but struggled on the final rounds. Following the WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship, where he was knocked out in the second round by missing a 5-foot putt,WEB,weblink Nick Watney eliminates Tiger Woods, Farrell, Evans, February 24, 2012, ESPN, February 24, 2012, Woods revised his putting technique and tied for second at the Honda Classic, with the lowest final round score in his PGA Tour career. After a short time off due to another leg injury, Woods won the Arnold Palmer Invitational, his first win on the PGA Tour since the BMW Championship in September 2009. Following several dismal performances, Woods notched his 73rd PGA Tour win at the Memorial Tournament in June, tying Jack Nicklaus in second place for most PGA Tour victories;NEWS,weblink Tiger wins Memorial to match Nicklaus on 73 wins, The Times of India, June 4, 2012, June 7, 2012, a month later, Woods surpassed Nicklaus with a win at the AT&T National, to trail only Sam Snead, who accumulated 82 PGA tour wins.NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods wins AT&T to pass Jack Nicklaus record, BBC Sport, July 2, 2012, July 6, 2012, The year 2013 would bring a return of Woods' dominating play. In January, he won the Farmers Insurance Open by four shots for his 75th PGA Tour win. It was the seventh time he had won the event.NEWS,weblink Tiger takes Torrey for 75th tour win, January 29, 2013, Farrell, Evans, ESPN, March 20, 2013, In March, he won the WGC-Cadillac Championship, also for the seventh time, giving him his 17th WGC title and first since 2009.NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods prevails at Doral, ESPN, Associated Press, March 10, 2013, March 20, 2013, Two weeks later, he won the Arnold Palmer Invitational, winning the event for a record-tying 8th time. The win moved him back to the top of the world rankings.NEWS,weblink Tiger returns to No. 1, wins Bay Hill, ESPN, Associated Press, March 25, 2013, March 25, 2013, To commemorate that achievement, Nike was quick to launch an ad with the tagline "winning takes care of everything".NEWS, The Washington Post,weblink Tiger Woods Nike ad causes a stir with "winning takes care of everything" message, Cindy, Boren, March 27, 2013, During the 2013 Masters, Woods faced disqualification after unwittingly admitting in a post-round interview with ESPN that he had taken an illegal drop on the par-5 15th hole when his third shot had bounced off the pin and into the water. After further review of television footage, Woods was assessed a two-stroke penalty for the drop but was not disqualified.WEB, Is Tiger Woods facing disqualification at Masters?,weblink CBS Sports, April 13, 2013, He finished tied for fourth in the event. Woods won The Players Championship in May 2013, his second career win at the event, notching his fourth win of the 2013 season. It was the quickest he had gotten to four wins in any season in his professional career.File:Tiger Woods 2014.jpg|thumb|right|Woods practicing in a bunker prior to the start of the 2014 Quicken Loans NationalQuicken Loans NationalWoods had a poor showing at the 2013 U.S. Open as a result of an elbow injury that he sustained at The Players Championship. In finishing at 13-over-par, he recorded his worst score as a professional and finished 12 strokes behind winner Justin Rose. After a prolonged break because of the injury, during which he missed the Greenbrier Classic and his own AT&T National, he returned at the Open Championship at Muirfield. Despite being in contention all week and beginning the final round only two strokes behind Lee Westwood, he struggled with the speed of the greens and could only manage a 3-over-par 74 that left him tied for 6th place, five strokes behind eventual winner Phil Mickelson. Two weeks later, Woods returned to form at the WGC-Bridgestone Invitational, recording his 5th win of the season and 8th win at the event in its 15-year history. His second round 61 matched his record score on the PGA Tour and could easily have been a 59 were it not for some short missed birdie putts on the closing holes. This gave him a seven-stroke lead that he held onto for the rest of the tournament. Woods would never contend at the PGA Championship at Oak Hill Country Club and would come short of winning a major for the 5th full season, only contending in two of the four majors in 2013.After a slow start to 2014, Woods sustained an injury during the final round of the Honda Classic and was unable to finish the tournament. He withdrew after the 13th hole, citing back pain.MAGAZINE, Tiger Woods walks off at Honda Classic, bunkered, March 3, 2014,weblink April 1, 2014, He subsequently competed in the WGC-Cadillac Championship but was visibly in pain during much of the last round. He was forced to skip the Arnold Palmer Invitational at the end of March 2014,MAGAZINE, Tiger Woods a doubt for the Masters, bunkered, March 19, 2014,weblink April 1, 2014, and after undergoing back surgery, he announced on April 1 that he would miss the Masters for the first time since 1994.MAGAZINE, Tiger Woods out of the Masters, bunkered, April 1, 2014,weblink April 1, 2014, Woods returned at the Quicken Loans National in June, however he stated that his expectations for the week were low. He would struggle with nearly every aspect of his game and miss the cut. He next played at The Open Championship, contested at Hoylake, where Woods had won eight years prior. Woods fired a brilliant 69 in the first round to put himself in contention, but shot 77 on Friday and would eventually finish 69th. Despite his back pain, he played at the 2014 PGA Championship where he failed to make the cut. On August 25, 2014, Woods and his swing coach Sean Foley parted ways. In the four years under Foley, he won eight times but no majors. He had previously won eight majors with Harmon and six with Haney. Woods said there is currently no timetable to find a replacement swing coach.NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods splits with swing coach Sean Foley, USA Today, August 25, 2014, On February 5, 2015, Woods withdrew from the Farmers Insurance Open after another back injury.WEB,weblink Tiger Withdraws From the Farmers Insurance Open With Bad Back,, Gary, Van Sickle, February 5, 2015, Woods stated on his website that it was unrelated to his previous surgery and he would take a break from golf until his back healed.WEB,weblink His back feeling better, Tiger plans to work on his game and play again soon, February 11, 2015,, He returned for the Masters, finishing in a tie for 17th. In the final round, Woods injured his wrist after his club hit a tree root. He later stated that a bone popped out of his wrist, but he adjusted it back into place and finished the round.NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods hurts his wrist after hitting a root at the Masters, Nick, Schwartz, April 12, 2015, USA Today, Woods then missed the cut at the 2015 U.S. Open and Open Championship, the first time Woods missed the cut at consecutive majors, finishing near the bottom of the leaderboard both times.
  • NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods improves with 76, but misses cut badly at 2015 US Open, Kyle, Porter, June 19, 2015, CBS Sports,
  • NEWS,weblink 2015 British Open: Tiger Woods cut at consecutive majors for first time, Kyle, Porter, July 18, 2015, CBS Sports, yes,weblink" title="">weblink July 21, 2015, He finished tied for 18th at the Quicken Loans National on August 2.NEWS,weblink Tiger confident after results at Quicken Loans National, August 13, 2015, August 2, 2015, ESPN, Harig, Bob, In late August 2015, Woods played quite well at the Wyndham Championship finishing the tournament at 13-under, only four strokes behind the winner, and tied for 10th place.NEWS, Velin, Bob, August 24, 2015, Tiger Woods falls short, ends season at Wyndham,weblink USA Today, Tyson's Corners, Virginia, April 6, 2015, Woods offered only a brief comment on the speculation that he was still recovering from back surgery, saying it was "just my hip" but offering no specifics.NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods sputters in final round, shoots 70 at Wyndham Championship, Kalland, Bobby, August 23, 2015, CBS Sports, April 6, 2016,
File:Tiger Woods 2018 US Open 26.jpg|thumb|180px|left|Woods practicing a chip-shot at the 2018 U.S. Open ]]Woods had back surgery on September 16, 2015. In late March 2016, he announced that he would miss the Masters while he recovered from the surgery;WEB,weblink Tiger Undergoes Successful Back Surgery, Is Hopeful To Return in Early 2016, September 18, 2015,, April 6, 2015, he had also missed the 2014 Masters due to a back problem.WEB,weblink Tiger Woods: Golfer to miss the Masters, Grez, Matias, April 2, 2016, CNN International, April 6, 2016, "I'm absolutely making progress, and I'm really happy with how far I've come," he explained in a statement. "But I still have no timetable to return to competitive golf."NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods chooses health over Masters, Harig, Bob, April 2, 2016, ABC News, April 5, 2016, However, he did attend the Masters Champions Dinner on April 5, 2016.NEWS, Christine, Brennan, April 5, 2016, Brennan: Tiger Woods isn't playing in Masters but still very much present,weblink USA Today, April 5, 2016, For the first time in his career, he missed all four majors in one year due to problems with his back. In October 2016, he told Charlie Rose on PBS that he still wanted to break Jack Nicklaus's record of 18 major titles.NEWS,weblink Tiger Wood's bold vision to break Jack Nicklaus's record of 18 major titles, October 20, 2016, Golf Channel, October 24, 2016, Woods underwent back surgery in December 2016 and spent the next 15 months off the Tour. He made his return to competitive golf in the Hero World Challenge.NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods looks to the positives after fading following flying start, December 2, 2016, Irish Independent, Press Association, December 6, 2016, Woods' back problems continued to hinder him in 2017. He missed the cut at the Farmers Insurance Open in January and pulled out of a European Tour event in Dubai on February 3. On March 31, Woods announced on his website that he would not be playing in the 2017 Masters Tournament despite being cleared to play by his doctors. Woods said that although he was happy with his rehabilitation, he did not feel "tournament ready."NEWS, Harig, Bob,weblink Tiger Woods to miss Masters for third time in four years, ESPN, April 1, 2017, April 14, 2017, WEB,weblink Tiger not 'tournament ready,' will miss Masters,, March 31, 2017, April 14, 2017, Woods subsequently told friends, “I’m done”."US briefing: Tiger Woods' amazing comeback, Ilhan Omar and Mayor Pete" --The Guardian On April 20, Woods announced that he had undergone his fourth back surgery since 2014 to alleviate back and leg pain. Recovery time required up to six months, meaning that Woods would spend the rest of the year without playing any professional golf.
  • MAGAZINE,weblink Golf Magazine, Breaking: Tiger Woods undergoes back surgery to alleviate ongoing pain, Zak, Sean, April 20, 2017, April 20, 2017,
  • WEB, Tiger Woods has a 4th back surgery,weblink MSN News, April 20, 2017, yes,weblink" title="">weblink April 22, 2017, Woods returned to competitive golf at the Hero World Challenge in the Bahamas. He shot rounds of 69-68-75-68 and finished tied for 9th place. His world ranking went from 1,199th to 668th, which was the biggest jump in the world rankings in his career.
On March 11, 2018, he finished one-shot back and tied for second at the Valspar Championship in Florida, his first top-five finish on the PGA Tour since 2013.NEWS,weblink He Stuck to Golf: Tiger Woods, Roaring Back, Ties for 2nd, March 11, 2018, The New York Times, Karen, Crouse, He then tied for sixth with a score of five under par at the 2018 Open Championship.NEWS,weblink The Open 2018: Francesco Molinari wins title on day of drama – as it happened, The Guardian, Scott, Murray, July 22, 2018, At the last major of the year Woods finished second at the 2018 PGA Championship, two shots behind the winner Brooks Koepka. It was his best result in a major since 2009 (second at the 2009 PGA Championship) and moved up to 26th in the world rankings. His final round of 64 was his best ever final round in a major.NEWS, Jurejko, Jonathan, US PGA Championship: Brooks Koepka holds off Tiger Woods to win at Bellerive,weblink BBC Sport, August 13, 2018, Woods returned to the winner's circle for the 80th time in his PGA Tour career on September 23, 2018, when he won the season-ending Tour Championship at East Lake Golf Club for the second time and that tournament for the third time. He shot rounds of 65-68-65-71 to win by two strokes over Billy Horschel.NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods wins a PGA Tour event for the first time since 2013, CNN, Tom, McGowan, John, Sinnott, September 24, 2018, On April 14, 2019, Woods won the Masters, which was his first major championship win in eleven years and his 15th major overall. He finished 13 under par to win by one stroke over Dustin Johnson, Xander Schauffele and Brooks Koepka.NEWS,weblink Masters 2019: Tiger Woods wins 15th major with thrilling Augusta victory, BBC Sport, 2019-04-14, 2019-04-14, mdy-all, At age 43, he became the second oldest golfer ever to win the Masters, after Jack Nicklaus who was 46 when he triumphed in 1986.NEWS,weblink In a Stirring Return to the Top, Tiger Woods Captures the Masters at 43, Karen, Crouse, 2019-04-14, 2019-04-14, The New York Times, mdy-all,


(File:Tiger Woods drives by Allison.jpg|thumb|Woods checking his drive in 2007)File:President Trump Presents the Medal of Freedom to Tiger Woods (47796274401).jpg|thumb|Woods receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Donald TrumpDonald TrumpOn August 20, 2007, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and his wife Maria Shriver announced that Woods would be inducted into the California Hall of Fame. He was inducted December 5, 2007 at The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts in Sacramento.
  • NEWS, Apple CEO among latest inductees to California Hall of Fame, U-T San Diego, August 20, 2007,weblink July 15, 2009, yes,weblink" title="">weblink August 29, 2007,
  • "California Hall of Fame: 2007 Inductees" {{webarchive|url=|date=January 10, 2008 }}, Retrieved September 11, 2007.
In December 2009, Woods was named "Athlete of the Decade" by the Associated Press.NEWS, Woods named top athlete of decade, ESPN, December 17, 2009,weblink January 19, 2010, He was named Associated Press Male Athlete of the YearNEWS,weblink Tiger named AP's Athlete of the Decade, NY Daily News, Associated Press, December 16, 2009, August 3, 2017, a record-tying four times, and is one of only two people to be named Sports Illustrated{{'}}s Sportsman of the Year more than once.Since his record-breaking win at the 1997 Masters, Woods has been the biggest name in golf and his presence in tournaments has drawn a huge fan following. Some sources have credited him for dramatically increasing prize money in golf, generating interest in new PGA tournament audiences, and for drawing the largest TV ratings in golf history.
  • NEWS, Tiger's Tour, 10 years after his Masters breakthrough, Slezak, Carol, April 1, 2007, March 30, 2009, Chicago Sun-Times,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, October 25, 2012,
  • MAGAZINE, Tiger 1997: The buzz that rocked the cradle, Reilly, Rick, Garrity, John, Diaz, Jaime, April 1, 1997, March 30, 2009, Golf Magazine,weblink
  • NEWS, With Tiger not a factor, preliminary ratings down for PGA, Associated Press, August 20, 2001, March 30, 2009, Sports Illustrated,weblink
  • NEWS, PGA jungle needs its Tiger on prowl, Ziemer, Tom, April 8, 2005, March 30, 2009, The Badger Herald,weblink
  • NEWS, Whitmer, Michael, Woods shows mettle again, The Boston Globe, April 2, 2009, August 11, 2009,weblink
In May 2019, following his 2019 Masters Tournament win, Woods was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Donald Trump.NEWS,weblink Medal of Freedom awarded to 'true legend' Tiger, ESPn, May 7, 2018,


During the first decade of his professional career, Woods was the world's most marketable athlete.Berger, Brian., "Nike Golf Extends Contract with Tiger Woods", Sports Business Radio, December 11, 2006. Retrieved September 14, 2007. Shortly after his 21st birthday in 1996, he signed endorsement deals with numerous companies, including General Motors, Titleist, General Mills, American Express, Accenture, and Nike, Inc. In 2000, he signed a 5-year, $105 million contract extension with Nike, which was the largest endorsement package signed by a professional athlete at that time.MAGAZINE, Six Degrees of Tiger Woods, DiCarlo, Lisa, Forbes, March 18, 2004,weblink December 17, 2009, Woods' endorsement has been credited with playing a significant role in taking the Nike Golf brand from a "start-up" golf company earlier in the previous decade to becoming the leading golf apparel company in the world and a major player in the equipment and golf ball market." Branding and Celebrity Endorsements" {{webarchive|url= |date=October 14, 2007 }}, Retrieved September 14, 2007. Nike Golf is one of the fastest growing brands in the sport, with an estimated $600 million in sales.Park, Alice., "Member of the Club", Time, April 12, 2007. Retrieved September 12, 2007. Woods has been described as the "ultimate endorser" for Nike Golf, frequently seen wearing Nike gear during tournaments, and even in advertisements for other products. Woods receives a percentage from the sales of Nike Golf apparel, footwear, golf equipment, golf balls, and has a building named after him at Nike's headquarters campus in Beaverton, Oregon.AP, "Nike sees dollar signs in Woods' magical shot", MSNBC, April 13, 2005. Retrieved September 14, 2007.File:US Navy 040303-N-5319A-001 Tiger Woods meets Commander Carrier Group Eight (CCG-8) Rear Adm. Denby H. Starling II, on the flag bridge aboard the aircraft carrier USS George Washington (CVN 73).jpg|thumb|Woods visiting aircraft carrier {{USS|George Washington|CVN-73}} in the Persian Gulf before participating in the 2004 Dubai Desert ClassicDubai Desert ClassicIn 2002, Woods was involved in every aspect of the launch of Buick's Rendezvous SUV. A company spokesman stated that Buick was happy with the value of Woods' endorsement, pointing out that more than 130,000 Rendezvous vehicles were sold in 2002 and 2003. "That exceeded our forecasts," he was quoted as saying, "It has to be in recognition of Tiger." In February 2004, Buick renewed Woods' endorsement contract for another five years, in a deal reportedly worth $40 million.Woods collaborated closely with TAG Heuer to develop the world's first professional golf watch, which was released in April 2005.Krakow, Gary., "Tiger Woods watch is a technological stroke",, November 7, 2005. Retrieved June 17, 2007. {{webarchive |url= |date=March 2, 2009 }} The lightweight, titanium-construction watch, designed to be worn while playing the game, incorporates numerous innovative design features to accommodate golf play. It is capable of absorbing up to 5,000 Gs of shock, far in excess of the forces generated by a normal golf swing. In 2006, the TAG Heuer Professional Golf Watch won the prestigious iF product design award in the Leisure/Lifestyle category."Tag Heuer's Innovative Creation Wins Prestigious Award" {{webarchive|url= |date=September 9, 2007 }}, Watch News, January 31, 2007. Retrieved September 11, 2007.(File:Woods photo shoot.jpg|thumb|left|upright|Woods preparing for a photo shoot in 2006)Woods also endorsed the Tiger Woods PGA Tour series of video games; he has done so since 1999.MAGAZINE, Woods, Tiger, Rothman, Wilson, Q&A with Tiger Woods, Time, September 26, 2004,weblink July 8, 2009, In 2006, he signed a six-year contract with Electronic Arts, the series' publisher.WEB, Tiger Woods to play another six with EA, GameSpot, February 2, 2006,weblink July 8, 2009, Tim, Surette, In February 2007, Woods, Roger Federer and Thierry Henry became ambassadors for the "Gillette Champions" marketing campaign. Gillette did not disclose financial terms, though an expert estimated the deal could total between $10 million and $20 million.NEWS, Gillette lands a trio of star endorsers, Jenn, Abelson, Boston Globe, February 5, 2007, October 17, 2007,weblink In October 2007, Gatorade announced that Woods would have his own brand of sports drink starting in March 2008. "Gatorade Tiger" was his first U.S. deal with a beverage company and his first licensing agreement. Although no figures were officially disclosed, Golfweek magazine reported that it was for five years and could pay him as much as $100 million.NEWS, Gatorade Unveils a Taste of Tiger, The Washington Post, October 17, 2007,weblink June 25, 2009, The company decided in early fall 2009 to discontinue the drink due to weak sales.NEWS,weblink Gatorade confirms it is dropping Tiger Woods drink, but decided to before fateful car wreck, December 9, 2009, Associated Press, December 9, 2009, Chicago Tribune, yes,weblink" title="">weblink December 13, 2009, In October 2012, it was announced that Woods had signed an exclusive endorsement deal with Fuse Science, Inc, a sports nutrition firm.NEWS,weblink Sports nutrition firm Fuse Science signs on as sponsor of Woods' bag, PGA of America, Associated Press, October 25, 2012, In 1997, Woods and fellow golfer Arnold Palmer initiated a civil case against Bruce Matthews (the owner of Gotta Have It Golf, Inc.) and others in the effort to stop the unauthorized sale of their images and alleged signatures in the memorabilia market. Matthews and associated parties counterclaimed that Woods and his company, ETW Corporation, committed several acts including breach of contract, breach of implied duty of good faith, and violations of Florida's Deceptive and Unfair Trade Practices Act.WEB, Palmer v. Gotta Have It Golf Collectibles, Inc.,weblink 106 F.Supp.2d 1289 (2000) United States District Court, S.D. Florida. June 22, 2000, May 24, 2014, Palmer also was named in the counter-suit, accused of violating the same licensing agreement in conjunction with his company Arnold Palmer Enterprises.On March 12, 2014, a Florida jury ruled in favor of Gotta Have It on its breach of contract and other related claims, rejected ETW's counterclaims, and awarded Gotta Have It $668,346 in damages.
  • NEWS, Batterman, L. Robert, Tiger Woods Misses the Cut in Golf Memorabilia Dispute,weblink May 24, 2014, National Law Review, May 17, 2014, Michael, Cardozo, Robert E., Freeman, Howard L., Ganz, Wayne D., Katz, Joseph M., Leccese, Proskauer Rose LLP,
  • Gotta Have It Golf, Inc. v. Arnold Palmer Enterprises, Inc., No. 03-19490 (Fla. Cir. Ct. Jury Verdict) , March 12, 2014 The award may end up exceeding $1 million once interest has been factored in, though the ruling may be appealed.
In August 2016, Woods announced that he would be seeking a new golf equipment partnerMAGAZINE,weblink Tiger Woods to seek new equipment partner, August 4, 2016, bunkered, Michael, McEwan, after the news of Nike's exit from the equipment industry.MAGAZINE,weblink Nike to exit golf equipment industry, August 3, 2016, bunkered, Craig, Dennett, It was announced on January 25, 2017, that he would be signing a new club deal with TaylorMade.NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods' move to TaylorMade, Harig, Bob, January 25, 2017, ESPN, He added the 2016 M2 driver along with the 2017 M1 fairway woods, with irons to be custom made at a later date. He also added his Scotty Cameron Newport 2 GSS, a club he used to win 13 of his 15 majors.NEWS,weblink Tiger adds Cameron back into bag, Sobel, Jason, January 25, 2017, ESPN, Also, in late 2016, he would add Monster Energy as his primary bag sponsor, replacing MusclePharm.NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods picks up Monster Energy, ABC News, Rovell, Darren, December 1, 2016,

Accumulated wealth

Woods has appeared on Forbes' list of the world's highest-paid athletes.BOOK, The Wicked Game: Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus, Tiger Woods, and the Story of Modern Golf, Sounes, Howard, Howard Sounes, Harper Collins, 2004, 0-06-051386-1, 120–121, 293,weblink According to Golf Digest, Woods made $769,440,709 from 1996 to 2007,MAGAZINE, The Fortunate 50, Jonah, Freedman,weblink Sports Illustrated, 2007, May 20, 2008, and the magazine predicted that Woods would pass a billion dollars in earnings by 2010.NEWS, The Golf Digest 50, Golf Digest,weblink January 11, 2007, February 2008, Ron, Sirak, In 2009, Forbes confirmed that Woods was indeed the world's first professional athlete to earn over a billion dollars in his career, after accounting for the $10 million bonus Woods received for the FedEx Cup title.
  • WEB, Report: Tiger richest athlete in history, ESPN, October 2, 2009,weblink October 2, 2009,
  • WEB, Woods is sports' first billion-dollar man, Forbes, Yahoo! Sports, October 1, 2009,weblink October 2, 2009, Kurt, Badenhausen, yes,weblink" title="">weblink October 6, 2009, The same year, Forbes estimated his net worth to be $600 million, making him the second richest person of color in the United States, behind only Oprah Winfrey.MAGAZINE, The Wealthiest Black Americans, Miller, Matthew, Forbes, May 6, 2009,weblink December 17, 2009, In 2015, Woods ranked ninth in Forbes' list of world's highest-paid athletes, being the top among Asian Americans or the fourth among African Americans.Forbes' list of world's highest-paid athletes, Forbes. As of 2017, Woods was considered to be the highest-paid golfer in the world.WEB,weblink How Much Do The World's Top 10 Golfers Earn Per Shot?, November 20, 2017,


Early in Woods' career, a small number of golf industry analysts expressed concern about his impact on the competitiveness of the game and the public appeal of professional golf. Sportswriter Bill Lyon of Knight Ridder asked in a column, "Isn't Tiger Woods actually bad for golf?" (though Lyon ultimately concluded that he was not).NEWS, Woods bad for golf? There's an unplayable lie, The Philadelphia Inquirer, Lyon, Bill, August 16, 2000, At first, some pundits feared that Woods would drive the spirit of competition out of the game of golf by making existing courses obsolete and relegating opponents to simply competing for second place each week.A related effect was measured by University of California economist Jennifer Brown, who found that other golfers scored higher when competing against Woods than when he was not in the tournament. The scores of highly skilled (exempt) golfers are nearly one stroke higher when playing against Woods. This effect was larger when he was on winning streaks and disappeared during his well-publicized slump in 2003–04. Brown explains the results by noting that competitors of similar skill can hope to win by increasing their level of effort, but that, when facing a "superstar" competitor, extra exertion does not significantly raise one's level of winning while increasing risk of injury or exhaustion, leading to reduced effort.Brown, Jennifer; Quitters Never Win: The (Adverse) Incentive Effects of Competing with Superstars {{webarchive|url= |date=April 17, 2012 }}, Job Market Paper, November 2007Many courses in the PGA Tour rotation (including major championship sites like Augusta National) have added yardage to their tees in an effort to reduce the advantage of long hitters like Woods; this is a strategy that became known as "Tiger-Proofing". Woods said he welcomed the change, in that adding yardage to courses did not affect his ability to win.NEWS, Tiger Woods Press Conference:The Open Championship,, ASAP Sports, July 12, 2005,weblink May 13, 2007, yes,weblink" title="">weblink March 16, 2007,

Career achievements

Woods has won 81 official PGA Tour events, including 15 majors. He is 14–1 when going into the final round of a major with at least a share of the lead. Multiple golf experts have heralded Woods as "the greatest closer in history".
  • WEB, Tiger is greatest closer ever,weblink Mike, Celizic, MSNBC, July 24, 2006, August 12, 2007,
  • WEB, Goliath will surely fall one day. Or will he?,weblink John, Maginnes, PGA Tour, August 12, 2007, August 12, 2007,
  • NEWS, Cabrera wins devilish battle at U.S. Open,weblink Associated Press, ESPN, June 20, 2007, August 12, 2007, He owns the lowest career scoring average and the most career earnings of any player in PGA Tour history.
Woods' victory at the 2013 Players Championship also marked a win in his 300th PGA Tour start.WEB,weblink Tiger Woods shows off his command, May 15, 2013, May 13, 2013, ESPN, Harig, Bob, He also won golf tournaments in his 100th (in 2000) and 200th (in 2006) tour starts.
  • MAGAZINE,weblink 5 Things: Woods captures fourth Tour title in '13, May 15, 2013, May 12, 2013, Golfweek, Romine, Brentley,
  • WEB,weblink Highlights: How Dufner won the 95th PGA Champ., Golf Channel, August 11, 2013,
Woods has spent the most consecutive and cumulative weeks atop the world rankings. He is one of five players (along with Gene Sarazen, Ben Hogan, Gary Player, and Jack Nicklaus) to have won all four major championships in his career, known as the Career Grand Slam, and was the youngest to do so.NEWS, Farrell, Andy, Woods moves majestically to grand slam, The Independent, July 24, 2000,weblink May 20, 2009, Woods is the only player to have won all four major championships in a row, accomplishing the feat in the 2000–2001 seasons.

Major championships

Wins (15){|class"sortable wikitable"

!Year!!Championship!!54 holes!!Winning score!!Margin!!Runner(s)-up style="background:#d0f0c0;"1997 Masters Tournament>1997 Masters Tournament {{Hs-18}}−18 (70-66-65-69=270) {{HsUSA}} Tom Kite style="background:thistle;"1999 PGA Championship>1999 PGA Championship {{Hs-11}}−11 (70-67-68-72=277) {{HsESP}} Sergio García style="background:#fbceb1;"2000 U.S. Open (golf)>2000 U.S. Open (golf) >10}}10 shot lead {{Hs15}}15 strokes {{flagiconErnie Els, {{flagicon>ESP}} Miguel Ángel Jiménez style="background:#abcdef;"2000 Open Championship>2000 The Open Championship {{Hs-19}}−19 (67-66-67-69=269) {{HsDNK}} Thomas Bjørn, {{flagicon|RSA}} Ernie Els style="background:thistle;"2000 PGA Championship>2000 PGA Championship (2){{Hs-18}}−18 (66-67-70-67=270) {{HsUSA}} Bob May style="background:#d0f0c0;"2001 Masters Tournament>2001 Masters Tournament (2){{Hs-16}}−16 (70-66-68-68=272) {{HsUSA}} David Duval style="background:#d0f0c0;"2002 Masters Tournament>2002 Masters Tournament (3){{Hs-12}}−12 (70-69-66-71=276) {{HsRSA}} Retief Goosen style="background:#fbceb1;"2002 U.S. Open (golf)>2002 U.S. Open (2){{Hs-03}}−3 (67-68-70-72=277) {{HsUSA}} Phil Mickelson style="background:#d0f0c0;"2005 Masters Tournament>2005 Masters Tournament (4){{Hs-12}}−12 (74-66-65-71=276) {{HsUSA}} Chris DiMarco style="background:#abcdef;"2005 Open Championship>2005 The Open Championship (2){{Hs-14}}−14 (66-67-71-70=274) {{HsSCO}} Colin Montgomerie style="background:#abcdef;"2006 Open Championship>2006 The Open Championship (3){{Hs-18}}−18 (67-65-71-67=270) {{HsUSA}} Chris DiMarco style="background:thistle;"2006 PGA Championship>2006 PGA Championship (3){{Hs-18}}−18 (69-68-65-68=270) {{HsUSA}} Shaun Micheel style="background:thistle;"2007 PGA Championship>2007 PGA Championship (4){{Hs-08}}−8 (71-63-69-69=272) {{HsUSA}} Woody Austin style="background:#fbceb1;"2008 U.S. Open (golf)>2008 U.S. Open (3){{Hs-01}}−1 (72-68-70-73=283) {{HsUSA}} Rocco Mediate style="background:#d0f0c0;"2019 Masters Tournament>2019 Masters Tournament (5){{Hs-13}}−13 (70-68-67-70=275) {{HsUSA}} Dustin Johnson, {{flagiconBrooks Koepka, {{flagicon>USA}} Xander Schauffele1Defeated May in three-hole playoff by 1 stroke: Woods (3-4-5=12), May (4-4-5=13) 2Defeated DiMarco in a sudden-death playoff: Woods (3) and DiMarco (4).3Defeated Mediate with a par on 1st sudden death hole after 18-hole playoff was tied at even par. This was the final time an 18-hole playoff was used in competition. style"background:#eeeeee;"">

Results timeline{| cellpadding"3" cellspacing"0" border"1" style"font-size: 95%; border: #aaa solid 1px; border-collapse:collapse;text-align:center;" style"background:#eeeeee;"

!align="left"|Tournament !! 1995 !! 1996 !! 1997 !! 1998 !! 1999Masters Tournament|T41 LA|CUT1T8|T18U.S. Open|WD|T82|T19|T18T3The Open Championship|T68|T22 LA|T243T7PGA Championship|T29T101{| cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0" border="1" style="font-size: 95%; border: #aaa solid 1px; border-collapse:collapse;text-align:center;" style="background:#eeeeee;"!align="left"|Tournament !!2000 !! 2001 !! 2002 !! 2003 !! 2004 !! 2005 !! 2006 !! 2007 !! 2008 !! 2009Masters Tournament511|T15|T221T3T22T6U.S. Open1|T121|T20|T172|CUTT21T6The Open Championship1|T25|T28T4T911|T12|CUTPGA Championship1|T292|T39|T24T4112{| cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0" border="1" style="font-size: 95%; border: #aaa solid 1px; border-collapse:collapse;text-align:center;" style="background:#eeeeee;"!align="left"|Tournament !! 2010 !! 2011 !! 2012 !! 2013 !! 2014 !! 2015 !! 2016 !! 2017 !! 2018Masters TournamentT4T4|T40T4|T17|T32U.S. OpenT4|T21|T32|CUT|CUTThe Open Championship|T23T3T6|69|CUTT6PGA Championship|T28|CUT|T11|T40|CUT|CUT2{| cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0" border="1" style="font-size: 95%; border: #aaa solid 1px; border-collapse: collapse;text-align:center;" style="background:#eeeeee;"!align="left"|Tournament!2019Masters Tournament1PGA Championship|CUTU.S. Open|T21 The Open Championship|CUT{{legend|lime|Win}}{{legend|yellow|Top 10}}{{legend|#eeeeee|Did not play}}LA = Low amateurCUT = missed the half-way cutWD = withdrew"T" indicates a tie for a place

Summary{| classwikitable styletext-align:center

!Tournament !! Wins !! 2nd !! 3rd !! Top-5 !! Top-10 !! Top-25 !! Events !! Cuts madeMasters Tournament 5 2 1 12 14 18 22 21PGA Championship 4 3 0 8 9 11 20 16U.S. Open (golf) >| 17The Open Championship 3 0 2 6 10 15 21 18!Totals !! 15 !! 7 !! 4 !! 33 !! 41 !! 59 !! 84 !! 72
  • Most consecutive cuts made – 39 (1996 U.S. Open – 2006 Masters)
  • Longest streak of top-10s – 8 (1999 U.S. Open – 2001 Masters)

World Golf Championships

Wins (18){| class"sortable wikitable" style"font-size:95%;"

!Year!!Championship!!54 holes!!Winning score!!Margin!!Runner(s)-up style="background:#ffc;"1999 WGC-NEC Invitational>1999{{Hs|05}}5 shot lead{{Hs|-10}}−10 (66-71-62-71=270){{Hs|01}}1 strokeUSA}} Phil Mickelson style="background:#ffd6d6;"1999 WGC-American Express Championship>1999{{Hs|-03}}1 shot deficit{{Hs|-06}}–6 (71-69-70-68=278){{Hs|00}}Playoff 1ESP}} Miguel Ángel Jiménez style="background:#ffc;"2000 WGC-NEC Invitational>2000{{Hs|09}}9 shot lead{{Hs|-21}}−21 (64-61-67-67=259){{Hs|11}}11 strokesUSA}} Justin Leonard, {{flagicon|WAL}} Phillip Price style="background:#ffc;"2001 WGC-NEC Invitational>2001{{Hs|-02}}2 shot deficit{{Hs|-12}}−12 (66-67-66-69=268){{Hs|00}}Playoff 2USA}} Jim Furyk style="background:#ffd6d6;"2002 WGC-American Express Championship>2002{{Hs|05}}5 shot lead{{Hs|-25}}−25 (65-65-67-66=263){{Hs|01}}1 strokeZAF}} Retief Goosen style="background:#d6e8ff;"2003 WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship>2003{{Hs|n/a}}n/a{{Hs|n/a}}2 & 1{{Hs|n/a}}n/aUSA}} David Toms style="background:#ffd6d6;"2003 WGC-American Express Championship>2003{{Hs|02}}2 shot lead{{Hs|-06}}−6 (67-66-69-72=274){{Hs|02}}2 strokesAUS}} Stuart Appleby, {{flagiconTim Herron, {{flagicon>FJI}} Vijay Singh style="background:#d6e8ff;"2004 WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship>2004{{Hs|n/a}}n/a{{Hs|n/a}}3 & 2{{Hs|n/a}}n/aUSA}} Davis Love III style="background:#ffc;"2005 WGC-NEC Invitational>2005{{Hs|00}}Tied for lead{{Hs|-06}}−6 (66-70-67-71=274){{Hs|01}}1 strokeUSA}} Chris DiMarco style="background:#ffd6d6;"2005 WGC-American Express Championship>2005{{Hs|-02}}2 shot deficit{{Hs|-10}}−10 (67-68-68-67=270){{Hs|00}}Playoff 3USA}} John Daly style="background:#ffc;"2006 WGC-Bridgestone Invitational>2006{{Hs|-03}}1 shot deficit{{Hs|-10}}−10 (67-64-71-68=270){{Hs|00}}Playoff 4USA}} Stewart Cink style="background:#ffd6d6;"2006 WGC-American Express Championship>2006{{Hs|06}}6 shot lead{{Hs|-23}}−23 (63-64-67-67=261){{Hs|08}}8 strokesENG}} Ian Poulter, {{flagiconAdam Scott (golfer)>Adam Scott style="background:#ffd6d6;"2007 WGC-CA Championship>2007{{Hs|04}}4 shot lead{{Hs|-10}}−10 (71-66-68-73=278){{Hs|02}}2 strokesUSA}} Brett Wetterich style="background:#ffc;"2007 WGC-Bridgestone Invitational>2007{{Hs|-03}}1 shot deficit{{Hs|-08}}−8 (68-70-69-65=272){{Hs|08}}8 strokesENG}} Justin Rose, {{flagicon|ZAF}} Rory Sabbatini style="background:#d6e8ff;"2008 WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship>2008{{Hs|n/a}}n/a{{Hs|n/a}}8 & 7{{Hs|n/a}}n/aUSA}} Stewart Cink style="background:#ffc;"2009 WGC-Bridgestone Invitational>2009{{Hs|-01}}3 shot deficit{{Hs|-12}}−12 (68-70-65-65=268){{Hs|04}}4 strokesAUS}} Robert Allenby, {{flagicon|IRL}} Pádraig Harrington style="background:#ffd6d6;"2013 WGC-Cadillac Championship>2013{{Hs|04}}4 shot lead{{Hs|-19}}−19 (66-65-67-71=269){{Hs|02}}2 strokesUSA}} Steve Stricker style="background:#ffc;"2013 WGC-Bridgestone Invitational>2013{{Hs|07}}7 shot lead{{Hs|-15}}−15 (66-61-68-70=265){{Hs|07}}7 strokesUSA}} Keegan Bradley, {{flagicon|SWE}} Henrik Stenson
  • 1 Won on the first hole of a sudden-death playoff
  • 2 Won on the seventh hole of a sudden-death playoff
  • 3 Won on the second hole of a sudden-death playoff
  • 4 Won on the fourth hole of a sudden-death playoff

Results timeline{| class"wikitable" style"text-align:center;"

!Tournament!!1999!!2000!!2001!!2002!!2003!!2004!!2005!!2006!!2007!!2008!!2009!!2010!!2011!!2012!!2013!!2014!!2015!!2016!!2017!!2018!!2019Championship1T5|NT11191115T9T10|WD1|T25T10Match PlayQF2|R6411|R32R16R161|R32|R64|R32|R64QFInvitational1114T4T21111|T78|T37T81|WD|T31Champions T6T6|{{legend|lime|Win}}{{legend|yellow|Top 10}}{{legend|#eeeeee|Did not play}}
  • QF, R16, R32, R64 = Round in which player lost in match play
  • WD = withdrew
  • NT = No tournament
  • 1 Canceled following the September 11 attacks.
  • "T" = tied
  • Note that the HSBC Champions did not become a WGC event until 2009.

PGA Tour career summary{| class"wikitable" style"text-align:center"

! Season !! Starts !! Cutsmade !! Wins (majors) !! 2nd !! 3rd !! Top10 !! Top25 !! Earnings($) !! Moneylist rank| –| –| –| –790,594 242,066,833 style="background:lime;"|11,841,117 style="background:yellow;"|46,616,585 style="background:lime;"|19,188,321 style="background:lime;"|15,687,777 style="background:lime;"|16,912,625 style="background:lime;"|16,673,413 style="background:yellow;"|25,365,472 style="background:yellow;"|410,628,024 style="background:lime;"|19,941,563 style="background:lime;"|110,867,052 style="background:lime;"|15,775,000 style="background:yellow;"|210,508,163 style="background:lime;"|11,294,765 68660,238 1286,133,158 style="background:yellow;"|28,553,439 style="background:lime;"|1108,275 201448,598 1620 n/a0 n/a5,443,841 style="background:yellow;"|73,041,317 14! Career* !! 354 !! 323 !! 81 (15) !! 31 !! 19 !! 197 !! 267 !! 118,546,170 !! style="background:lime;"|1WEB,weblink Career Money Leaders, PGA Tour, June 2, 2019,
  • As of June 2, 2019

Guinness Book of Records

Woods claimed 17 Guinness World Records, within golf and 3 other records related to his appearance in the video game. After Usain Bolt and Michael Phelps, he holds the third highest number of Guinness World Records claimed by a sportsman within one discipline.WEB,weblink Guinness World Records online registry, the result of the linked search will display higher number of records, however many of those displayed contain the name of Usain Bolt in the description of the record but don't belong to him, Guinness World Records,weblink April 16, 2018, yes, March 18, 2018,
  1. Most consecutive US Amateur golf titles
  2. Most US PGA Tour tournament wins in the modern era
  3. Lowest score under par in the Open golf championships
  4. Most awards for Professional Golfers' Association Tour Player of the Year
  5. Youngest winner of the golf US Masters
  6. Highest career earnings on the US Professional Golfers' Association Tour
  7. Largest margin of victory in the golf US Masters
  8. Largest margin of victory in a golf major championships
  9. Most wins of the PGA Player of the Year award
  10. Most consecutive golf Major tournaments won
  11. Highest annual earnings for a golfer
  12. Longest golf drive on the PGA Tour
  13. Lowest total score (72 holes) at the golf US Masters
  14. Longest drive in Tiger Woods PGA Tour 06
  15. Golf, World Cup – Lowest individual score
  16. Lowest total score (first 54 holes) in the golf US Masters
  17. Highest annual earnings for an athlete (ever)

Playing style

File:TigerWoods2004RyderCup3.jpg|thumb|upright|Woods practicing before 2004 Ryder Cup at Oakland Hills Country Club in Bloomfield Township, Michigan]]When Woods first joined the PGA Tour in 1996, his long drives had a large impact on the world of golf,
  • NEWS, Woods threatens all records at the Masters, Associated Press,weblink" title="">weblink March 30, 2005,weblink Canadian Online Explorer, April 12, 1997, August 6, 2007, yes,
  • NEWS,weblink Associated Press, Tiger had more than just length in annihilating Augusta, Sports Illustrated, April 14, 1997, June 20, 2009, but he did not upgrade his equipment in the following years. He insisted upon the use of True Temper Dynamic Gold steel-shafted clubs and smaller steel clubheads that promoted accuracy over distance.WEB,weblink Cara, Polinski, The Wire, True Temper Wins Again!, July 8, 2003, August 6, 2007, yes,weblink" title="">weblink September 27, 2007, Many opponents caught up to him, and Phil Mickelson even made a joke in 2003 about Woods using "inferior equipment", which did not sit well with Nike, Titleist or Woods.
  • NEWS,weblink Woods, Mickelson clear the air, put spat behind them, ESPN, February 13, 2003, August 6, 2007,
  • NEWS,weblink Phil Mickelson clarifies Tiger comments, Golf Today, August 6, 2007, During 2004, Woods finally upgraded his driver technology to a larger clubhead and graphite shaft, which, coupled with his clubhead speed, again made him one of the tour's longest players off the tee.
Despite his power advantage, Woods has always focused on developing an excellent all-around game. Although in recent years{{when|date=May 2017}} he has typically been near the bottom of the Tour rankings in driving accuracy, his iron play is generally accurate, his recovery and bunker play is very strong, and his putting (especially under pressure) is possibly his greatest asset. He is largely responsible for a shift to higher standards of athleticism amongst professional golfers, and is known for utilizing more hours of practice than most.WEB, Case Study: Tiger Woods, Linkage Incorporated,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink October 15, 2006, June 24, 2009, WEB, When Par isn't good enough,,weblink May 12, 2007, yes,weblink" title="">weblink July 20, 2008, NEWS, Tiger Woods Up Close And Personal, CBS News, Ed, Bradley, September 3, 2006,weblink May 13, 2007, From mid-1993 (while he was still an amateur) until 2004, Woods worked almost exclusively with leading swing coach Butch Harmon. From mid-1997, Harmon and Woods fashioned a major redevelopment of Woods' full swing, achieving greater consistency, better distance control, and better kinesiology. The changes began to pay off in 1999.BOOK, The Pro: Lessons About Golf and Life from My Father, Claude Harmon, Sr., Harmon, Butch, Butch Harmon, 2006, Three Rivers Press, 0-307-33804-5, Woods and Harmon eventually parted ways. From March 2004 to 2010, Woods was coached by Hank Haney, who worked on flattening his swing plane. Woods continued to win tournaments with Haney, but his driving accuracy dropped significantly. Haney resigned under questionable circumstances in May 2010MAGAZINE,weblink Haney Resigns; Who Will Be Next?, Golf Digest, Tim, Rosaforte, May 10, 2010, and was replaced by Sean Foley.NEWS,weblink Canadian Swing Coach Foley Helping Tiger at PGA Championship, Canadian Press, August 10, 2010, August 10, 2010, Fluff Cowan served as Woods' caddie from the start of his professional career until Woods dismissed him in March 1999.NEWS, Woods Dismisses His Caddie Cowan, The New York Times, March 9, 1999,weblink May 13, 2007, He was replaced by Steve Williams, who became a close friend of Woods and is often credited with helping him with key shots and putts.NEWS, Tiger's Caddie Reflects on "Defining" Moment at Medinah, Golf Channel, Associated Press, August 8, 2006,weblink May 13, 2007, In June 2011, Woods dismissed Williams after he caddied for Adam Scott in the U.S. OpenNEWS, Porter, Kyle, Steve Williams tells the story about how Tiger Woods fired him,weblink CBS Sports, and replaced him with friend Bryon Bell on an interim basis. Joe LaCava, a former caddie of both Fred Couples and Dustin Johnson, was hired by Woods shortly afterNEWS,weblink Tiger Woods hires caddie Joe LaCava, ESPN, Associated Press, September 27, 2011, July 23, 2012, and has remained Woods' caddie since then.


{{as of|2019}} WGC Dell Technologies Match Play:WEB,weblink Winner's Bag: Tiger Woods, Tour Championship, PGA Tour,
  • Driver: TaylorMade M5 (Mitsubishi Chemical Diamana D+ White Board 73TX shaft), 9 degrees
  • Fairway woods: TaylorMade M5 13 & M3 19 Degree (Mitsubishi Chemical Diamana D+ White Board 83TX shaft)
  • Irons: TaylorMade TW Phase1 Prototype (3-PW; True Temper Dynamic Gold Tour Issue X100 shafts)
  • Wedges: TaylorMade Milled Grind (56 and 60 degrees; True Temper Dynamic Gold Tour Issue S400 shafts)
  • Putter: Scotty Cameron Newport 2 GSS with Ping Blackout PP58 Grip
  • Ball: Bridgestone Tour B XS (with "Tiger" imprint)
  • Golf glove: Nike Dri-FIT Tour glove
  • Golf shoes: Nike TW '17WEB,weblink Tiger to debut TW '17 shoe at Hero World Challenge, PGA Tour, November 29, 2016, Jonathan, Wall,
  • Driver club cover: Frank, a plush tiger head club cover created by his mother. Frank has appeared in several commercials (voiced by actor Paul Giamatti)NEWS, Cannizzaro, Mark, Tiger Pitch Ad-Nauseam, New York Post, August 29, 2007,weblink June 24, 2009,weblink December 26, 2007, WEB,weblink Tiger WITB 2017, November 30, 2016, GolfWRX,
  • Wood covers: Stitch Brand with TGR Logo.
  • Putter cover: Nike Putter Cover.WEB, Tiger Woods' Putter Headcover,weblink

Other ventures

TGR Foundation

The TGR Foundation was established in 1996 by Woods and his father Earl as the Tiger Woods Foundation, with the primary goal of promoting golf among inner-city children.
  • NEWS, Mattingly Expected to Retire After Sitting Out 1996 Season, The Los Angeles Times, January 22, 1997,
  • NEWS, Brennan, Patricia, The Changing Face of Golf; A CBS Profile of the Hottest Guy on the Links., The Washington Post, April 13, 1997, The foundation has conducted junior golf clinics across the country, and sponsors the Tiger Woods Foundation National Junior Golf Team in the Junior World Golf Championships.WEB, With Clinton at his side, Woods opens his learning center, GolfWeb Wire Services, February 10, 2006,weblink January 20, 2011, yes,weblink" title="">weblink May 25, 2011, WEB, Programs: TWLC: Junior Golf Team, Tiger Woods Foundation,weblink January 20, 2012, yes,weblink" title="">weblink January 28, 2012, As of December 2010, TWF employed approximately 55 people.WEB, Harig, Bob, Tiger Woods' foundation suffered greatly, ESPN, December 1, 2010,weblink January 20, 2011, NEWS, Lamport-Stokes, Mark, Tiger eyes legacy away from sport, Reuters, December 17, 2007,weblink January 20, 2011,
The foundation operates the Tiger Woods Learning Center, a $50-million, {{convert|35000|sqft|sqm|adj=on}} facility in Anaheim, California, providing college-access programs for underserved youth.WEB, Tiger visits new TWLC Florida campus in Stuart, Tiger Woods Foundation, December 9, 2011,weblink January 20, 2012, yes,weblink" title="">weblink January 7, 2012, The TWLC opened in 2006 and features seven classrooms, extensive multi-media facilities and an outdoor golf teaching area. The center has since expanded to four additional campuses: two in Washington, D.C.; one in Philadelphia; and one in Stuart, Florida.File:Tiger Woods speaks at We Are One.JPG|right|thumb|Woods giving a speech at (We Are One: The Obama Inaugural Celebration at the Lincoln Memorial) (January 2009)]]The foundation benefits from the annual Chevron World Challenge and AT&T National golf tournaments hosted by Woods. In October 2011, the foundation hosted the first Tiger Woods Invitational at Pebble Beach.WEB, Events: Tiger Woods Invitational, Tiger Woods Foundation,weblink January 20, 2012, yes,weblink" title="">weblink January 26, 2012, Other annual fundraisers have included the concert events Block Party, last held in 2009 in Anaheim, and Tiger Jam, last held in 2011 in Las Vegas after a one-year hiatus.
  • WEB, The fifth annual Block Party raises more than $500,000, Tiger Woods Foundation, October 18, 2009,weblink January 20, 2012, yes,weblink" title="">weblink May 13, 2012,
  • WEB, Tiger Woods Speaks About Injury, PGA Tour Athlets During Jam,, April 30, 2011,weblink January 20, 2011, yes,weblink" title="">weblink May 3, 2011,
  • NEWS, Carpenter, Eric, Tiger Woods takes hiatus from OC foundation, The Orange County Register, December 14, 2009,weblink January 20, 2011,

Tiger Woods Design

In November 2006, Woods announced his intention to begin designing golf courses around the world through a new company, Tiger Woods Design.NEWS, Soltau, Mark, Tiger Woods' next step: Design golf courses, ESPN, November 6, 2006,weblink January 20, 2011, A month later, he announced that the company's first course would be in Dubai as part of a 25.3-million-square-foot development, The Tiger Woods Dubai.NEWS, Wolfensberger, Marc, Tiger Woods Will Design First Golf Course in Dubai, Bloomberg, December 3, 2006,weblink January 20, 2011, The Al Ruwaya Golf Course was initially expected to finish construction in 2009. As of February 2010, only seven holes had been completed; in April 2011, The New York Times reported that the project had been shelved permanently.NEWS, Fattah, Zainab, Tiger Woods's Dubai Golf Resort Will Be Completed, Builder Says, Bloomberg, February 1, 2010,weblink January 20, 2011, NEWS, Sullivan, Paul,weblink For Tiger Woods, a Golf Course Design Business Is in the Rough, The New York Times, April 2, 2011, June 19, 2013, In 2013, the partnership between Tiger Woods Design and Dubai Holding was dissolved.WEB,weblink July 9, 2013, Shane, McGinley, Dubai Holding 'dissolves' Tiger Woods partnership,, ITP Publishing Group, Tiger Woods Design has taken on two other courses, neither of which has materialized. In August 2007, Woods announced The Cliffs at High Carolina, a private course in the Blue Ridge Mountains near Asheville, North Carolina.NEWS, Tiger to design his first U.S. course, ESPN, Associated Press,weblink August 15, 2007, After a groundbreaking in November 2008, the project suffered cash flow problems and suspended construction. A third course, in Punta Brava, Mexico, was announced in October 2008, but incurred delays due to issues with permits and an environmental impact study.NEWS, Louis, Brian, Taub, Daniel, Tiger Woods and Flagship to Build Mexico Golf Resort, Bloomberg, October 7, 2008,weblink January 5, 2010, Construction on the Punta Brava course has not yet begun.These projects have encountered problems that have been attributed to factors that include overly optimistic estimates of their value, declines throughout the global economy (particularly the U.S. crash in home prices), and the decreased appeal and marketability of Woods following his 2009 infidelity scandal.


Woods wrote a golf instruction column for Golf Digest magazine from 1997 to February 2011.NEWS, New deal includes instruction, Web pieces, Associated Press, May 8, 2002, ESPN,weblink June 18, 2008, In 2001 he wrote a best-selling golf instruction book, How I Play Golf, which had the largest print run of any golf book for its first edition, 1.5 million copies.NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods joins the club of golf book authors, June 20, 2008, Snider, Mike, October 9, 2001, USA Today, In March 2017, he published a memoir, The 1997 Masters: My Story, co-authored by Lorne Rubenstein, which focuses on his first Masters win.MAGAZINE, Stachura, Mike, Tiger Woods' new book is a vivid but cautious reflection on his landmark win,weblink Golf Digest, March 14, 2017, March 19, 2017,

Personal life

(File:President Trump Presents the Medal of Freedom to Tiger Woods (47813420571) (cropped).jpg|thumb|Woods after receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2019. From left to right: girlfriend Erica Herman, mother Kultida Woods, daughter Sam Woods, son Charlie Woods and Tiger Woods)

Marriage and children

In November 2003, Woods became engaged to Elin Nordegren, a Swedish former model and daughter of former minister of migration Barbro Holmberg and radio journalist Thomas Nordegren.NEWS, December 4, 2009,weblinkpublisher=CNN Jesper Parnevik, who had employed her as an au pair. They married on October 5, 2004, at the Sandy Lane (resort)>Sandy Lane resort in Barbados, and lived at Isleworth, Windermere, Florida, a community in Windermere, Florida>Windermere, a suburb of Orlando, Florida.HTTP://NEWS.BBC.CO.UK/SPORT1/HI/GOLF/3715694.STM >TITLE=WOODS TIES THE KNOT DATE=OCTOBER 6, 2004 NEWSPAPER=THE NEW YORK TIMES ACCESSDATE=AUGUST 23, 2010, In 2006, they purchased a $39-million estate in Jupiter Island, Florida, and began constructing a 10,000-square-foot home; Woods moved there in 2010 following the couple's divorce.HTTP://I.CDN.TURNER.COM/CNN/2010/IMAGES/08/23/FINAL.JUDGMENT.PDF >TITLE=DIVORCE DECREE ACCESSDATE=SEPTEMBER 28, 2010 ARCHIVEDATE=MAY 17, 2014, no, Woods and Nordegren's first child was a girl born in 2007, whom they named Sam Alexis Woods. Woods chose the name because his own father had always called him Sam.NEWS, Woods played U.S. Open while wife was in hospital, White, Joseph, USA Today, Associated Press, July 3, 2007,weblink December 2, 2009, Their son, Charlie Axel Woods, was born in 2009.NEWS, Tiger becomes dad for second time,weblink ESPN, Associated Press, February 9, 2009, February 9, 2009, {{Anchor|TWInfidelity}}

Infidelity scandal and fallout

In November 2009, the National Enquirer published a story claiming that Woods had had an extramarital affair with New York City nightclub manager Rachel Uchitel, who denied the claim.NEWS,weblink World Exclusive: Woman at Center of Tiger Woods Cheating Scandal Exposed!!, November 28, 2008, May 29, 2017, National Enquirer, NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods admits "transgressions," apologizes, December 2, 2009, Reuters, January 23, 2012, Two days later, around 2:30 a.m. on November 27, Woods was driving from his Florida mansion in his Cadillac Escalade SUV when he collided with a fire hydrant, a tree, and several hedges near his home.NEWS,weblink Woods crash did $3,200 damage to hydrant, tree, DiMeglio, Steve, December 3, 2009, USA Today, January 23, 2012, He was treated for minor facial lacerations and received a ticket for careless driving.NEWS,weblink Tiger injured in late-night car accident, The Independent, November 28, 2009, January 23, 2012, James, Corrigan, Following intense media speculation about the cause of the accident, Woods released a statement on his website and took sole responsibility for the accident, calling it a "private matter" and crediting his wife for helping him from the car.
  • NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods issues statement on crash, Associated Press, November 30, 2009, USA Today, January 23, 2012,
  • WEB,weblink Statement from Tiger Woods, November 29, 2009,, January 23, 2012, Tiger, Woods, yes,weblink" title="">weblink February 11, 2012, On November 30, Woods announced that he would not be appearing at his own charity golf tournament (the Chevron World Challenge) or any other tournaments in 2009 due to his injuries.NEWS, Tiger Woods Cancels Tourney Appearance, CBS News, November 30, 2009,weblink September 21, 2010,
On December 2, following Us Weekly{{'}}s previous day reporting of a purported mistress and subsequent release of a voicemail message allegedly left by Woods for the woman,WEB,weblink Hear Tiger Panic to Mistress: "My Wife May Be Calling You", December 2, 2009, Us Weekly, April 8, 2016, Woods released a further statement. He admitted transgressions and apologized to "all of those who have supported [him] over the years", while reiterating his and his family's right to privacy.WEB,weblink Tiger comments on current events, December 2, 2009,, December 4, 2009, Tiger, Woods, yes,weblink" title="">weblink December 3, 2009, Over the next few days, more than a dozen women claimed in various media outlets to have had affairs with Woods.NEWS,weblink Two weeks that shattered the legend of Tiger Woods, Dahlberg, Tim, December 12, 2009, Associated Press, January 23, 2012, Fox News, On December 11, he released a third statement admitting to infidelity and he apologized again. He also announced that he would be taking "an indefinite break from professional golf."In the days and months following Woods' admission of multiple infidelities, several companies re-evaluated their relationships with him. Accenture, AT&T, Gatorade and General Motors completely ended their sponsorship deals, while Gillette suspended advertising featuring Woods.NEWS,weblink AT&T cuts connection with Woods, January 1, 2010, Associated Press, ESPN, January 23, 2012,
  • NEWS,weblink GM ends car loans for Tiger Woods, BBC News, January 13, 2010, January 13, 2010, London,
  • NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods loses Gatorade sponsorship, BBC News, February 27, 2010, September 5, 2010, TAG Heuer dropped Woods from advertising in December 2009 and officially ended their deal when his contract expired in August 2011. Golf Digest suspended Woods's monthly column beginning with the February 2010 issue.Golf Digest, February 2010. In contrast, Nike continued to support Woods, as did Electronic Arts, which was working with Woods on the game Tiger Woods PGA Tour Online.NEWS,weblink EA Sports moves forward with Tiger game rollout, Klayman, Ben, January 4, 2010, Reuters, January 23, 2012, A December 2009 study estimated the shareholder loss caused by Woods's affairs to be between $5 billion and $12 billion.NEWS, New York Daily News,weblink Tiger Woods' mistress scandal costs shareholders of sponsors like Nike, Gatorade $12 billion, December 29, 2012, Dave, Goldiner,
On February 19, 2010, Woods gave a televised statement in which he said he had undertaken a 45-day therapy program that began at the end of December. He again apologized for his actions. "I thought I could get away with whatever I wanted to," he said. "I felt that I had worked hard my entire life and deserved to enjoy all the temptations around me. I felt I was entitled. Thanks to money and fame, I didn't have to go far to find them. I was wrong. I was foolish." He said he did not know yet when he would be returning to golf.NEWS, Tiger Woods apologises to wife Elin for affairs, BBC Sport,weblink February 23, 2010, February 19, 2010, London, NEWS, ASAP Sports,weblink Transcript: Tiger's public statement,, February 19, 2010, September 5, 2010, yes,weblink" title="">weblink September 20, 2010, On March 16, he announced that he would play in the 2010 Masters.NEWS, Woods' return shows he's ready to win, Fox Sports, March 17, 2010,weblink March 23, 2010, Jeff, Rude, After seven years of marriage, Woods and Elin divorced on August 23, 2010.MAGAZINE,weblink Tiger Woods and Elin Nordegren's Divorce Is Final, People, August 23, 2010, September 5, 2010, Steve, Helling,

2017 arrest

On May 29, 2017, Woods was arrested near his Jupiter Island, Florida, home by the Jupiter Police Department at about 3:00 am. EDT for driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs. He was asleep in his car, which was stationary in a traffic lane with its engine running. He later stated that he had taken prescription drugs and did not realize how they might interact together.
  • WEB, Booking Blotter, Palm Beach County Sheriff's Office, May 29, 2017,weblink
  • NEWS, Harriet, Alexander, Ben, Curtis, May 29, 2017, Tiger Woods blames driving arrest on 'prescribed medications', not alcohol,weblink The Telegraph,
  • NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods found asleep in car at time of arrest; no alcohol found in breath test, ESPN, May 30, 2017, On July 3, 2017, Woods tweeted that he had completed an out-of-state intensive program to tackle an unspecified issue.NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods announces that he's completed a 'private intensive program', Des, Bieler, July 3, 2017, Washington Post, At his August 9, 2017 arraignment, Woods had his attorney Douglas Duncan submit a not guilty plea for him and agreed to take part in a first-time DUI offender program and attend another arraignment on October 25.NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods pleads not guilty to DUI charges, ABC News, Morgan, Winsor, August 9, 2017, NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods to take part in DUI first-offender program – Videos, USA Today, Will, Greenlee, August 10, 2017,
At a hearing on October 27, 2017, Woods pleaded guilty to reckless driving. He received a year of probation, was fined $250, and ordered to undergo 50 hours of community service along with regular drug tests. He was not allowed to drink alcohol during the probation, and if he violated the probation he would be sentenced to 90 days in jail with an additional $500 fine.NEWS, Tiger Woods found guilty of reckless driving,weblink Chicago Tribune, Curt, Anderson, Terry, Spencer , Associated Press, October 27, 2017,

Other pursuits

File:Barack Obama meets Tiger Woods 4-20-09.jpg|thumb|left|United States President Barack Obama and Woods meet in the Oval OfficeOval Office(File:Tiger Woods at Naval Base Coronado 2006-05-31.jpg|thumb|Woods fires a handgun at a shooting range outside San Diego.)Woods was raised as a Buddhist, and he actively practiced his faith from childhood until well into his adult, professional golf career.NEWS, Tiger Woods makes emotional apology for infidelity, BBC News, February 19, 2010,weblink February 26, 2010, London, In a 2000 article, Woods was quoted as saying that he "believes in Buddhism... not every aspect, but most of it."MAGAZINE, Gandhi and Tiger Woods, Wright, Robert, July 24, 2000, Slate (magazine), Slate,weblink August 13, 2007, He has attributed his deviations and infidelity to his losing track of Buddhism. He said, "Buddhism teaches me to stop following every impulse and to learn restraint. Obviously I lost track of what I was taught."WEB,weblink Tiger Woods Returns to Buddhism, March 11, 2010, February 20, 2010, ISKCON News, yes,weblink" title="">weblink April 12, 2010, Woods is registered as an independent voter.NEWS,weblink How did Tiger keep his secrets?, December 13, 2009, Robin, Abcarian, Los Angeles Times, December 13, 2009, In January 2009, Woods delivered a speech commemorating the military at the (We Are One: The Obama Inaugural Celebration at the Lincoln Memorial).
  • NEWS, Tiger to speak at Lincoln Memorial, Associated Press, ESPN, January 16, 2009,weblink January 20, 2009,
  • WEB,weblink Tiger Woods gives speech at Obama inauguration, Golf Today, January 21, 2009, May 4, 2009, In April 2009, Woods visited the White House while promoting the golf tournament he hosts, the AT&T National.NEWS, Tiger Woods in the White House, CBS News, April 23, 2009,weblink May 3, 2009, Brian, Montopoli, In December 2016 and again in November 2017, Woods played golf with President Donald Trump at the Trump International Golf Club in West Palm Beach.NEWS, Porter, Kyle, President Trump plays post-Thanksgiving golf with Tiger Woods and Dustin Johnson,weblink November 25, 2017, CBS News, November 24, 2017,
On March 18, 2013, Woods announced that he and Olympic gold medal skier Lindsey Vonn were dating.NEWS,weblink Tiger Woods announces his relationship with Lindsey Vonn, USA Today, March 18, 2013, March 18, 2013, They split up in May 2015.WEB,weblink Woods, Vonn end relationship, PGA Tour, Associated Press, May 3, 2015, From November 2016 to August 2017, Woods was in a relationship with stylist Kristin Smith.WEB,weblink Ex-golfriend: Who is Kristin Smith? Tiger Woods' ex-girlfriend, stylist and former wife of Dallas Cowboys star Gerald Sensabaugh, The Sun, Sam, Christie, April 7, 2018, April 17, 2019, WEB,weblink Tiger's Girl?: Who is Tiger Woods girlfriend Erica Herman and how long has Masters 2019 champion been with the restaurant manager?, Joanne, Kavanagh, The Sun, April 17, 2019, April 17, 2019, Woods announced in November 2017 that he was in a relationship with restaurant manager Erica Herman, following speculation about their relationship that began the month prior.

See also





Further reading

  • BOOK, Andrisani, John, The Tiger Woods Way: An Analysis of Tiger Woods' Power-Swing Technique, Three Rivers Press, New York, 1997, 0-609-80139-2, 55124056,
  • BOOK, Clary, Jack, Tiger Woods, Tiger Books International, Twickenham, England, 1997, 978-1-85501-954-6, 40859379,
  • BOOK, Feinstein, John, John Feinstein, The Majors: In Pursuit of Golf's Holy Grail, Little, Brown, Boston, 1999, 978-0-316-27971-0, 40602886,weblink
  • BOOK, Tiger Woods: A Biography, Londino, Lawrence J., 2006, Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, 978-0-313-33121-3, 61109403,weblink
  • BOOK, Rosaforte, Tim, Raising the Bar: The Championship Years of Tiger Woods, Thomas Dunne Books, New York, 2000, 978-0-312-27212-8, 45248211,weblink
  • BOOK, How I Play Golf, Woods, Tiger, 2001, Warner Books, New York, 978-0-446-52931-0, 46992172,weblink
  • BOOK, Training a Tiger: A Father's Guide to Raising a Winner in Both Golf and Life, Woods, Earl, Earl Woods, McDaniel, Pete, 1997, HarperCollins Publishers, New York, 978-0-06-270178-7, 35925055,weblink

External links

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