Theresa May

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Theresa May
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{{pp-vandalism|small=yes}}{{short description|Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom}}{{EngvarB|date=May 2019}}{{Use dmy dates|date=September 2019}}{{Use British English|date=September 2019}}

| name = Theresa Maycountry=GBRMP}}| image = Theresa May portrait.jpg| caption = | office = Prime Minister of the United Kingdom| monarch = Elizabeth IIFirst Secretary}}Damian Green (2017)}}| term_start = 13 July 2016| term_end = 24 July 2019| predecessor = David Cameron| successor = Boris JohnsonLeader of the Conservative Party (UK)>Leader of the Conservative Party| status1 = | term_start1 = 11 July 2016| term_end1 = 23 July 2019| predecessor1 = David Cameron| successor1 = Boris Johnson| office3 = Commonwealth Chair-in-OfficeHead of the Commonwealth>Head| 1namedata3 = Elizabeth II| term_start3 = 19 April 2018| term_end3 = 24 July 2019| predecessor3 = Joseph Muscat| successor3 = Boris Johnson| office4 = Home Secretary| primeminister4 = David Cameron| term_start4 = 12 May 2010| term_end4 = 13 July 2016| predecessor4 = Alan Johnson| successor4 = Amber Rudd| office5 = Minister for Women and Equalities| primeminister5 = David Cameron| term_start5 = 12 May 2010| term_end5 = 4 September 2012| predecessor5 = Harriet Harman| successor5 = Maria MillerChairman of the Conservative Party>Chairwoman of the Conservative Party| leader6 = Iain Duncan Smith| term_start6 = 23 July 2002| term_end6 = 6 November 2003David Davis (British politician)>David DavisLiam FoxMaurice Saatchi, Baron Saatchi>The Lord SaatchiMember of Parliament (United Kingdom)>Member of Parliamentfor Maidenhead| term_start7 = 1 May 1997| term_end7 = | predecessor7 = Constituency created| successor7 = | majority7 = 26,457 (45.5%){{Collapsed infobox section begin|Shadow Cabinet positions}}Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions>Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions| leader8 = David Cameron| term_start8 = 19 January 2009| term_end8 = 11 May 2010| predecessor8 = Chris Grayling| successor8 = Yvette CooperShadow Minister for Women and Equalities>Shadow Minister for Women and Equality| leader9 = David Cameron| term_start9 = 2 July 2007| term_end9 = 11 May 2010| predecessor9 = Eleanor Laing| successor9 = Yvette Cooper| leader10 = William Hague| term_start10 = 15 June 1999| term_end10 = 18 September 2001Shadow Minister for Women| predecessor10 = Gillian Shephard| successor10 = Caroline Spelman| office11 = Shadow Leader of the House of Commons| leader11 = David Cameron| term_start11 = 6 December 2005| term_end11 = 19 January 2009| predecessor11 = Chris Grayling| successor11 = Alan DuncanShadow Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport>Shadow Secretary of Statefor Culture, Media and Sport| leader12 = Michael Howard| term_start12 = 6 May 2005| term_end12 = 8 December 2005| predecessor12 = John Whittingdale| successor12 = Hugo SwireShadow Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs>Shadow Secretary of State for Environment and Transport| leader13 = Michael Howard| term_start13 = 6 November 2003| term_end13 = 14 June 2004David LidingtonTim Collins (politician)>Tim Collins| successor13 = Tim YeoShadow Secretary of State for Transport>Shadow Secretary of Statefor TransportTransport, Local Government and the Regions (2001-02)| leader14 = Iain Duncan Smith| term_start14 = 18 September 2001| term_end14 = 23 July 2002Archie Norman (businessman)>Archie NormanTim Collins (politician)>Tim CollinsShadow Secretary of State for Education>Shadow Secretary of Statefor Education and Employment| leader16 = William Hague| term_start16 = 15 June 1999| term_end16 = 18 September 2001| predecessor16 = David Willetts| successor16 = Damian GreenDavid Willetts {{Collapsed infobox section end}}| birth_name = Theresa Mary Brasier19561|df=yes}}| birth_place = Eastbourne, Sussex, England| death_date = | death_place = Conservative Party (UK)>ConservativePhilip May|6 September 1980}}| residence = Sonning, Berkshire| alma_mater = St Hugh's College, Oxford| signature = Signature of Theresa May.svg| website = {{Official URL}}}}{{Theresa May sidebar}}Theresa Mary May ({{IPAc-en|t|ə|ˈ|r|iː|z|ə}};WEB, This Is What It's Like To Work In Government For Theresa May,weblink James, Ball, James Ball (journalist), BuzzFeed News, 17 July 2016, 6 June 2017, live,weblink 6 September 2017, {{nee}} Brasier; born 1 October 1956) is a British politician who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party from 2016 to 2019. May served as Home Secretary from 2010 to 2016 and has been Member of Parliament (MP) for Maidenhead since 1997. Ideologically, she identifies herself as a one-nation conservative.NEWS,weblink Theresa May sets out 'one-nation Conservative' pitch for leadership, Ben, Quinn, 30 June 2016, The Guardian, 24 July 2018, May grew up in Oxfordshire and attended St Hugh's College, Oxford. After graduating in 1977, she worked at the Bank of England and UK Payments Administration. She also served as a councillor for Durnsford in Merton. After two unsuccessful attempts to be elected to the House of Commons, she was elected as the MP for Maidenhead in 1997. From 1999 to 2010, May held a number of roles in Shadow Cabinets. She was also Chairwoman of the Conservative Party from 2002 to 2003. When the coalition government was formed after the 2010 general election, May was appointed Home Secretary and Minister for Women and Equalities, but gave up the latter role in 2012. Reappointed after the Conservative success in the 2015 general election, she became the longest-serving home secretary in over 60 years. During her tenure she pursued reform of the Police Federation, implemented a harder line on drugs policy including the banning of khat, oversaw the introduction of elected Police and Crime Commissioners, the deportation of Abu Qatada, the creation of the National Crime Agency, and brought in additional restrictions on immigration.NEWS, Rentoul, John, John Rentoul, 1 July 2016, Boring and competent Theresa May is what the nation needs after the shock of the Brexit vote,weblink live, Voices, The Independent,weblink" title="">weblink 1 July 2016, 2 July 2016, She is to date, the only woman to hold two of the Great Offices of State.In July 2016, after David Cameron resigned, May was elected as Conservative Party Leader unopposed by party members, becoming Britain's second female prime minister, Margaret Thatcher having been the first. As prime minister, May began the process of withdrawing the UK from the European Union, triggering Article 50 in March 2017. The following month, she announced a snap general election, with the aims of strengthening her hand in Brexit negotiations and highlighting her "strong and stable" leadership.NEWS,weblink Political crises don't come much bigger than Brexit, Crace, John, 9 July 2018, GQ, 10 July 2018, John Crace (writer), NEWS,weblink General election 2017: Why did Theresa May call an election?, 9 June 2017, BBC News, 4 September 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 5 September 2017, This resulted in a hung parliament, in which the number of Conservative seats fell from 330 to 317, despite the party winning its highest vote share since 1983. The loss of an overall majority prompted her to enter a confidence and supply arrangement with the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) to support a minority government.May survived a vote of no confidence from Conservative MPs in December 2018 and a Parliamentary vote of no confidence in January 2019. She said that she would not lead her party in the next general election scheduled for 2022 under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act,NEWS,weblink PM pledges not to fight next election, 12 December 2018, BBC News, 13 December 2018, live, but did not rule out leading it into another snap election before then. She carried out the Brexit negotiations with the European Union, adhering to the Chequers Agreement, which resulted in the Brexit withdrawal agreement. This agreement was defeated by Parliament in January 2019 in the largest majority against a British government in history.WEB,weblink PM's Brexit deal rejected by 230 votes, 15 January 2019, BBC News, 15 January 2019, NEWS,weblink May's government survives no-confidence vote, 16 January 2019, BBC News, 18 January 2019, She later announced a revised deal, but this was defeated in Parliament by 391 votes to 242. In March 2019, May committed to stepping down as prime minister if Parliament passed her Brexit deal, to make way for a new leader in the second phase of Brexit; however, the Withdrawal Agreement was rejected for a third time.NEWS,weblink May vows to resign before next phase of Brexit if deal is passed, Stewart, Heather, 27 March 2019, The Guardian, 27 March 2019, Mason, Rowena, en-GB, 0261-3077, Walker, Peter, On 24 May 2019, she announced her resignation.NEWS, Latest as May makes statement outside No 10,weblink 24 May 2019, BBC News, She stood down as prime minister on 24 July, following the election of her replacement, her former Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson. She remains an MP in the House of Commons as a backbencher.NEWS, UK waits for prime minister announcement,weblink 23 July 2019, BBC News, BBC News, 23 July 2019,

Early life, family, and education

File:St Mary's Church and graveyard.jpg|thumb|200px|left|The Church of St Mary the Virgin, Wheatley, where May's father was vicar and where May marriedNEWS, Mendick, Robert, The Oxford romance that has guided Theresa May from tragedy to triumph,weblink The Daily TelegraphThe Daily TelegraphBorn on 1 October 1956 in Eastbourne, Sussex, May is the only child of Zaidee Mary ({{née}} Barnes; 1928–1982) and Hubert Brasier (1917–1981).BOOK, The International Who's Who, 2004, Europa Publications, 1114, Her father was a Church of England clergyman (and an Anglo-Catholic)NEWSPAPER,weblink Mrs May is our first Catholic prime minister, Gove, Michael, 9 March 2017, The Times, 9 March 2017, who was chaplain of an Eastbourne hospital.Brasier, Hubert, Crockford's Clerical Directory 1977–79, Oxford University Press He later became vicar of Enstone with Heythrop and finally of St Mary's at Wheatley, to the east of Oxford.WEB, Conservative Leader Hopefuls Have Faith,weblink Church Times, 12 July 2016, live,weblink 22 August 2016, NEWS,weblink Vote 2001: Key People Theresa May Education and Employment, Davies, Ben, 22 May 2001, BBC News, 20 October 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 15 May 2010, WEB,weblink Famous family trees: Theresa May,, 19 March 2013, 1 July 2016, live,weblink 10 August 2016, May's mother was a supporter of the Conservative Party.NEWS, McSmith, Andy, Morris, Nigel, Theresa May: Iron lady in waiting,weblink The Independent, 30 October 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 31 October 2016, Her father died in 1981, from injuries sustained in a car accident, and her mother of multiple sclerosis the following year.NEWS,weblink Theresa May – what lies beyond the public image?, Day, Elizabeth, 27 July 2014, The Guardian, 10 July 2016,weblink" title="">weblink 15 July 2016, live, London, NEWS,weblink The Oxford romance that has guided Theresa May from tragedy to triumph, Mendick, Robert, 9 July 2016, The Daily Telegraph, 12 July 2016,weblink" title="">weblink 11 July 2016, live, London, May later stated she was "sorry they [her parents] never saw me elected as a Member of Parliament".WEB,weblink Theresa May on losing both parents at 25: I'm sorry they never saw me elected as an MP, 3 October 2016,weblink 22 September 2017, live, 11 May 2017, inews, May initially attended Heythrop Primary School, a state school in Heythrop, followed by St. Juliana's Convent School for Girls, a Roman Catholic independent school in Begbroke, which closed in 1984.NEWS,weblink How clashes with Theresa May led Dame Pauline Neville Jones to quit, The Sunday Telegraph, 15 May 2011, 5 July 2016, Kite, Melissa, live,weblink" title="">weblink 4 July 2016, NEWS,weblink Screaming arrival, 8 May 2000, BBC News, 20 October 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 13 August 2017, BOOK,weblink's+Convent+School+for+Girls+1984#v=onepage&q=St.%20Juliana's%20Convent%20School%20for%20Girls%201984&f=false, The Little Book of Oxfordshire, Paul, Sullivan, History Press, 2012, New York, 978-0-7524-8243-9, 5 July 2016, live,weblink's+Convent+School+for+Girls+1984&source=bl&ots=ic4YmYv8fV&sig=4HzDyu17qkyTnPSC728CWSNoI_4&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwijk573ntrNAhUIBcAKHTzpCy4Q6AEIWTAJ#v=onepage&q=St.%20Juliana's%20Convent%20School%20for%20Girls%201984&f=false, 17 November 2017, At the age of 13, she won a place at the former Holton Park Girls' Grammar School, a state school in Wheatley.WEB,weblink Looking back with Theresa, The Oxford Times, en, 2019-05-31, During her time as a pupil, the Oxfordshire education system was reorganised, and the school became the new Wheatley Park Comprehensive School.NEWS,weblink Girls were taught in idyllic surroundings at Holton Park, 8 June 2009, Oxford Mail, 28 July 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 4 October 2013, May attended the University of Oxford, read geography at St Hugh's College, and graduated with a second class BA degree in 1977."Oxford University class list." The Times (London). 11 July 1977. p. 14. She worked at a bakery on Saturdays to earn pocket money, and was a "tall, fashion-conscious young woman who from an early age spoke of her ambition to be the first woman prime minister," according to those who knew her. According to a university friend, Pat Frankland: "I cannot remember a time when she did not have political ambitions. I well remember, at the time, she was quite irritated when Margaret Thatcher got there first."WEB,weblink The life and career of British Prime Minister Theresa May, UK, Alison Millington, Business Insider, Business Insider, 17 May 2019, 8 June 2017,

Early career

Financial sector

Between 1977 and 1983, May worked at the Bank of England, and from 1985 to 1997, at the Association for Payment Clearing Services (APACS), as a financial consultant. She served as Head of the European Affairs Unit from 1989 to 1996 and Senior Adviser on International Affairs from 1996 to 1997 in the organisation.NEWS,weblink As Theresa May makes a bid for prime minister we look at her first foray into politics, 9 July 2016, 7 July 2016, ITV News, live,weblink" title="">weblink 8 July 2016,

Entry into politics

May served as a councillor for Durnsford wardWEB, Former Merton councillor Theresa May to become prime minister today,weblink Wimbledon Guardian, 13 July 2016, 18 January 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 31 January 2017, on the London Borough of Merton from 1986 to 1994, where she was Chairman of Education (1988–90) and Deputy Group Leader and Housing Spokesman (1992–94).

Unsuccessful national attempts

In the 1992 general election May stood{{clarify|reason=for which party?|date=June 2019}} unsuccessfully for the safe Labour seat of North West Durham, placing second to incumbent MP Hilary Armstrong by 12,747 votes (27.6%) to 26,734 (57.8%), with future Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron placing third. May then stood at the 1994 Barking by-election, which was prompted by the death of Labour MP Jo Richardson. The seat had been continuously held by Labour since it was created in 1945, and Labour candidate Margaret Hodge was expected to win easily, which she did, with 13,704 votes (72.1%). May placed a distant third with 1,976 votes (10.4%).

Wins seat in Parliament

Around 18 months ahead of the 1997 general election, May was selected as the Conservative candidate for Maidenhead, a new seat which was created from parts of the safe seats of Windsor and Maidenhead and Wokingham. She was elected comfortably with 25,344 votes (49.8%), almost double the total of second-placed Andrew Terence Ketteringham of the Liberal Democrats, who took 13,363 votes (26.3%). Despite this, her party suffered their worst defeat in over 150 years.

Early Parliamentary career

Having entered Parliament, May became a member of William Hague's front-bench Opposition team, as Shadow Spokesman for Schools, Disabled People and Women (1998–1999). She became the first of the 1997 MPs to enter the Shadow Cabinet when in 1999 she was appointed Shadow Education and Employment Secretary. After the 2001 election the new Conservative leader Iain Duncan Smith kept her in the Shadow Cabinet, moving her to the Transport portfolio.May was appointed the first female Chairman of the Conservative Party in July 2002. During her speech at the 2002 Conservative Party Conference, she explained why, in her view, her party must change: "You know what people call us? The Nasty Party.BOOK, Elizabeth, Knowles, Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations,weblink 23 August 2007, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 978-0-19-920895-1, 217, live,weblink 25 February 2017, BOOK, Sarah, Childs, Women and British Party Politics: Descriptive, Substantive and Symbolic Representation,weblink 8 April 2008, Routledge, 978-1-134-21157-9, 21–22, live,weblink 25 February 2017, In recent years a number of politicians have behaved disgracefully and then compounded their offences by trying to evade responsibility. We all know who they are. Let's face it, some of them have stood on this platform." She accused some unnamed colleagues of trying to "make political capital out of demonising minorities", and charged others with indulging themselves "in petty feuding or sniping instead of getting behind a leader who is doing an enormous amount to change a party which has suffered two landslide defeats". She admitted that constituency selection committees seemed to prefer candidates they would "be happy to have a drink with on a Sunday morning", continuing to say, "At the last general election 38 new Tory MPs were elected. Of that total only one was a woman and none was from an ethnic minority. Is that fair? Is one half of the population entitled to only one place out of 38?"NEWS,weblink 'Nasty party' warning to Tories, White, Michael, 8 October 2002, The Guardian, 17 May 2019, Perkins, Anne, en-GB, 0261-3077, In 2003, May was appointed Shadow Secretary of State for Transport and the Environment after Michael Howard's election as Conservative Party and Opposition Leader in November that year.NEWS,weblink Howard unveils his top team, 10 November 2003, BBC News, 9 June 2011, live,weblink" title="">weblink 11 March 2006, In June 2004, she was moved to become Shadow Secretary of State for the Family. Following the 2005 general election she was also made Shadow Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. David Cameron appointed her Shadow Leader of the House of Commons in December 2005 after his accession to the leadership. In January 2009, May was made Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions.On 6 May 2010, May was re-elected MP for Maidenhead with an increased majority of 16,769{{spaced ndash}}60% of the vote. This followed an earlier failed attempt by the Liberal Democrats to unseat her in 2005, as one of that party's leading "decapitation-strategy" targets.NEWS,weblink The Daily Telegraph, 4 May 2005, London, Defiant Kennedy takes 'decapitation' strategy into Tory heartland, Sapsted, Brendan, Carlin, David, 11 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 6 July 2016,

Home Secretary

File:David Cameron's visit2.jpg|thumb|upright|May with her then-leader David CameronDavid CameronOn 12 May 2010, when May was appointed Home Secretary and Minister for Women and Equality by Prime Minister David Cameron as part of his first Cabinet, she became the fourth woman to hold one of the British Great Offices of State, after Margaret Thatcher (Prime Minister), Margaret Beckett (Foreign Secretary) and Jacqui Smith (Home Secretary).NEWS,weblink Theresa May flies the flag for women in Government, The Independent, London, Press Association, 12 May 2010, 16 September 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 15 May 2010, As Home Secretary, May was also a member of the National Security Council.WEB,weblink National Security Council, Government of the United Kingdom, 7 November 2014, live,weblink 7 November 2014, She was the longest-serving Home Secretary for over 60 years, since James Chuter Ede who served over six years and two months from August 1945 to October 1951. May's appointment as Home Secretary was somewhat unexpected, with Chris Grayling having served as shadow Home Secretary in opposition.NEWS, Morris, Nigel, Theresa May is surprise choice to be Home Secretary,weblink The Independent, 10 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 19 August 2016, WEB, Cabinet update: Theresa May is surprise Home Sec,weblink The Week, 10 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 18 September 2016, May's debut as Home Secretary involved overturning several of the previous Labour government's measures on data collection and surveillance in England and Wales. By way of a government bill which became the Identity Documents Act 2010, she brought about the abolition of the Labour government's National Identity Card and database schemeNEWS,weblink Identity cards to be scrapped within 100 days, 27 May 2010, The Independent, London, Press Association, 28 October 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 30 May 2010, NEWS,weblink Identity cards set to be scrapped, 12 May 2010, BBC News, 28 October 2010, and reformed the regulations on the retention of DNA samples for suspects and controls on the use of CCTV cameras. In May 2010, May announced the adjournment of the deportation to the United States of alleged computer hacker Gary McKinnon.NEWS,weblink Pentagon hacker Gary McKinnon wins extradition reprieve, Sugden, Joanna, 21 May 2010, The Times, 28 October 2010, London, live,weblink" title="">weblink 28 May 2010, {{subscription required}} She also suspended the registration scheme for carers of children and vulnerable people, with May saying that the measures were "draconian. You were assumed to be guilty until you were proven innocent, and told you were able to work with children."NEWS, Coughlan, Sean,weblink Child abuse vetting scheme cancelled as 'draconian', BBC News, 15 June 2010, 16 September 2010, PRESS RELEASE,weblink Vetting and Barring Scheme registration halted, Home Office, 15 June 2010, 16 September 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 28 September 2010, On 4 August 2010, it was reported that May was scrapping the former Labour government's proposed "go orders" scheme to protect women from domestic violence by banning abusers from the victim's home.NEWS,weblink Theresa May scraps power to band domestic abusers from victims' homes, 4 August 2010, The Independent, London, 4 August 2010, Nigel, Morris, live,weblink" title="">weblink 7 August 2010, In June 2010, May faced her first major national security incident as Home Secretary with the Cumbria shootings.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Home Secretary makes statement on events in Cumbria, 2 June 2010, Home Office, 28 October 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 6 June 2010, NEWS,weblink Gunman kills 12 people in Cumbria rampage, 2 June 2010, BBC News, 28 October 2010, She delivered her first major speech in the House of Commons as Home Secretary in a statement on this incident,NEWS,weblink Theresa May updating MPs on Cumbria shootings, 3 June 2010, BBC News, 28 October 2010, later visiting the victims with the Prime Minister.NEWS,weblink Cameron visit after gun killings, 4 June 2010, BBC News, 28 October 2010, NEWS,weblink Cumbria shootings, 4 June 2010, The Daily Telegraph, London, 28 October 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 7 June 2010, Also in June 2010, May banned the Indian Muslim preacher Zakir Naik from entering the United Kingdom.NEWS,weblink Indian preacher Zakir Naik is banned from UK, BBC News, 18 June 2010, 18 June 2010, According to The Daily Telegraph, a Home Office official who disagreed with this decision was suspended.NEWS,weblink Home Office officials Should Quit, The Daily Telegraph, 3 August 2010, 3 August 2010, London, Christopher, Hope, live,weblink" title="">weblink 6 August 2010, In late June 2010, May announced plans for a temporary cap on UK visas for non-EU migrants.NEWS,weblink Theresa May to press ahead with cap on migration, 26 June 2010, The Independent, London, 26 June 2010, Nigel, Morris, live,weblink" title="">weblink 27 June 2010, The move raised concerns about the impact on the British economy.NEWS,weblink Interim cap on non-EU migrant workers coming to UK, 26 June 2010, BBC News, 20 October 2010, In August 2013, May supported the detention of David Miranda, partner of Guardian journalist Glenn Greenwald, under the Terrorism Act 2000, saying that critics of the Metropolitan Police action needed to "think about what they are condoning". Lib Dem peer and former Director of Public Prosecutions Ken Macdonald accused May of an "ugly and unhelpful" attempt to implicate those who were concerned about the police action of "condoning terrorism".NEWS, Watt, Nicholas,weblink Theresa May attacked for comments on critics of David Miranda's detention, The Guardian, London, 22 August 2013, 19 October 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink 20 October 2013, The High Court subsequently acknowledged there were "indirect implications for press freedom" but ruled the detention legal.NEWS,weblink David Miranda detention at Heathrow airport was lawful, high court rules, The Guardian, Travis, Alan, Taylor, Matthew, Wintour, Patrick, London, 19 February 2014, 31 July 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 31 July 2014, May also championed legislation popularly dubbed the Snooper's Charter, requiring internet and mobile service providers to keep records of internet usage, voice calls, messages and email for up to a year in case police requested access to the records while investigating a crime. The Liberal Democrats had blocked the first attempt,NEWS, Gayle, Damien, Theresa May to revive her 'snooper's charter' now Lib Dem brakes are off,weblink 13 July 2016, The Guardian, 9 May 2015, live,weblink" title="">weblink 23 August 2016, but after the Conservative Party obtained a majority in the 2015 general election May announced a new Draft Investigatory Powers Bill similar to the Draft Communications Data Bill, although with more limited powers and additional oversight.NEWS, Theresa May says 'contentious' parts of web surveillance plan dropped,weblink 9 November 2015, BBC, 1 November 2015, live,weblink" title="">weblink 8 November 2015, NEWS, Britain to present new watered down surveillance bill,weblink 10 November 2015, Reuters, 1 November 2015,

Police and crime

Speaking at the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) conference in June 2010, May announced radical cuts to the Home Office budget, likely to lead to a reduction in police numbers.NEWS,weblink Police must do more, 29 June 2010, BBC News, 29 June 2010, In July 2010, May presented the House of Commons with proposals for a fundamental review of the previous Labour government's security and counter-terrorism legislation, including "stop and search" powers, and her intention to review the 28-day limit on detaining terrorist suspects without charge.NEWS,weblink Counter-terrorism measures to face government review, 13 July 2010, BBC News, 14 July 2010, NEWS,weblink May announces scope of anti-terror law review, 13 July 2010, BBC Democracy Live, 14 July 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 17 July 2010, In July 2010, May announced a package of reforms to policing in England and Wales in the House of Commons.NEWS,weblink Radical police shake-up announced, 26 July 2010, BBC News, 26 July 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 26 July 2010, The previous Labour Government's central crime agency, Soca (Serious Organised Crime Agency), was to be replaced by a new National Crime Agency. In common with the Conservative Party 2010 general election manifesto's flagship proposal for a "Big Society" based on voluntary action, May also proposed increasing the role of civilian "reservists" for crime control. The reforms were rejected by the Opposition Labour Party.Following the actions of some members of Black Bloc in vandalising allegedly tax-avoiding shops and businesses on the day of the March 2011 TUC march, the Home Secretary unveiled reformsNEWS,weblink Police may be given new powers after cuts protest, says home secretary, 28 March 2011, The Guardian, London, 1 April 2011, live,weblink" title="">weblink 4 November 2013, curbing the right to protest, including giving police extra powers to remove masked individuals and to police social networking sites to prevent illegal protest without police consent or notification.NEWS,weblink Police may get social media crime powers, 29 March 2011, Ltd, 1 April 2011, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 7 April 2011, In 2012, despite inquiries by both Scotland Yard and the Independent Police Complaints Commission ruling that there was no new evidence to warrant further investigation, after discussions with Dame Doreen Lawrence, May commissioned Mark Ellison to review Scotland Yard's investigations into alleged police corruption.NEWS,weblink May defies Met to order inquiry after Independent campaign, Andrew Grice & Paul Peachey, The Independent, 2 June 2012, 7 March 2014, The report was presented to Parliament by May on 6 March 2014. Sir Bernard Hogan-Howe, Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police said the report, which has prompted an inquiry into undercover policing, was "devastating".NEWS,weblink Hogan-Howe vows to restore trust in Met after new Lawrence row, BBC News, 7 March 2014, 7 March 2014, In July 2013, May welcomed the fact that crime had fallen by more than 10% under the coalition government, while still being able to make savings. She said that this was partly due to the government removing red tape and scrapping targets to allow the police to concentrate on crime fighting.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Crime is down by more than 10% under this government, Home Office, 18 July 2013, live,weblink 17 September 2016, In 2014, May delivered a speech to the Police Federation, in which she criticised aspects of the culture of the police force.NEWS, Robinson, Nick, May tells police – change or be changed,weblink BBC News, 21 May 2014, 10 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 14 February 2017, In the speech, she said:{{blockquote|When you remember the list of recent revelations about police misconduct, it is not enough to mouth platitudes about "a few bad apples". The problem might lie with a minority of officers, but it is still a significant problem, and a problem that needs to be addressed ... according to one survey carried out recently, only 42% of black people from a Caribbean background trust the police. That is simply not sustainable ... I will soon publish proposals to strengthen the protections available to whistleblowers in the police. I am creating a new criminal offence of police corruption. And I am determined that the use of stop and search must come down, become more targeted and lead to more arrests.WEB, May, Theresa, The police must change and so must the Federation,weblink Government of the United Kingdom, 10 July 2016, live,weblink 18 August 2016, }}On 9 December 2010, in the wake of violent student demonstrations in central London against increases to higher-education tuition fees, May praised the actions of the police in controlling the demonstrations but was described by The Daily Telegraph as "under growing political pressure" due to her handling of the protests.NEWS,weblink Royal car attack: How did the police get it so wrong, 10 December 2010, The Daily Telegraph, London, 10 December 2010, James, Kirkup, live,weblink" title="">weblink 10 December 2010, NEWS,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink dead, 30 July 2012, Royal car is attacked by protesters, 9 December 2010, Sky News, 10 December 2010, In December 2010, May declared that deployment of water cannon by police forces in mainland Britain was an operational decision which had been "resisted until now by senior police officers."NEWS, Andrew, Porter, Police could use water cannon to disperse rioters, Theresa May says, 12 December 2010, The Daily Telegraph, London,weblink 9 August 2011, live,weblink" title="">weblink 20 April 2012, She rejected their use following the widespread rioting in summer 2011 and said: "the way we police in Britain is not through use of water cannon. The way we police in Britain is through consent of communities." May said: "I condemn utterly the violence in Tottenham... Such disregard for public safety and property will not be tolerated, and the Metropolitan Police have my full support in restoring order."NEWS, London riots: Police patrol streets after violence,weblink BBC News, 7 August 2011, 9 August 2011, live,weblink" title="">weblink 9 August 2011, In the aftermath of the riots May urged the identification of as many as possible of the young criminals involved. She said: "when I was in Manchester last week, the issue was raised to me about the anonymity of juveniles who are found guilty of crimes of this sort. The Crown Prosecution Service is to order prosecutors to apply for anonymity to be lifted in any youth case they think is in the public interest. The law currently protects the identity of any suspect under the age of 18, even if they are convicted, but it also allows for an application to have such restrictions lifted, if deemed appropriate." May added that "what I've asked for is that CPS guidance should go to prosecutors to say that where possible, they should be asking for the anonymity of juveniles who are found guilty of criminal activity to be lifted".NEWS, Whitehead, Tom, 14 August 2011,weblink UK riots: Juveniles could be named and shamed, says Theresa May, The Daily Telegraph, London, 28 November 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink 14 November 2013,

Anti-social behaviour

In July 2010, May proposed to review the previous Labour Government's anti-social behaviour legislation signalling the abolition of the "Anti-Social Behaviour Order" (ASBO). She identified the policy's high level of failure with almost half of ASBOs breached between 2000 and 2008, leading to "fast-track" criminal convictions. May proposed a less punitive, community-based approach to tackling social disorder. May suggested that anti-social behaviour policy "must be turned on its head", reversing the ASBO's role as the flagship crime control policy legislation under Labour.NEWS,weblink Time to 'move beyond ASBOS' says Home Secretary May, 28 July 2010, BBC News, 28 July 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 28 July 2010, NEWS,weblink Home Secretary signals the end of Asbos, The Daily Telegraph, 28 July 2010, 31 July 2010, London, live,weblink" title="">weblink 31 July 2010, Former Labour Home Secretaries David Blunkett (who introduced ASBOs) and Alan Johnson expressed their disapproval of the proposals.NEWS,weblink Approach to anti-social behaviour "must be turned on its head", 28 July 2010, The Independent, London, 28 July 2010, Wesley, Johnson, live,weblink" title="">weblink 30 July 2010,

Drug policy

File:Deakhat.jpg|thumb|KhatKhatIn July 2013, May decided to ban the stimulant khat, against the advice of the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD). The council reached the conclusion that there was "insufficient evidence" it caused health problems."Herbal stimulant khat to be banned" {{webarchive|url= |date=11 July 2013 }}. BBC News. 3 July 2013. Explaining the change in the classification May said: "The decision to bring khat under control is finely balanced and takes into account the expert scientific advice and these broader concerns", and pointed out that the product had already been banned in the majority of other EU member states, as well as most of the G8 countries including Canada and the US."May under fire for banning khat". {{webarchive|url= |date=7 July 2013 }} London Evening Standard. 3 July 2013. A report on khat use by the ACMD published in January 2013 had noted the product had been associated with "acute psychotic episodes", "chronic liver disease" and family breakdown. However, it concluded that there is no risk of harm for most users, and recommended that khat remain uncontrolled due to lack of evidence for these associations.ACMD Report on Khat {{webarchive|url= |date=5 February 2016 }}. 2013.Liberal Democrat minister Norman Baker accused May of suppressing proposals to treat rather than prosecute minor drug offenders from a report into drug policy commissioned by the Home Office.NEWS, 27 December 2014, Norman Baker reveals drugs proposals Theresa May stripped from report,weblink The Guardian, London, 27 December 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 27 December 2014, NEWS, 26 December 2014, Ex-minister Norman Baker leaks details on Home Secretary's drug stance,weblink The Independent, London, 27 December 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 26 December 2014, The Home Office denied that its officials had considered this as part of their strategy. Baker cited difficulties in working with May as the reason for his resignation from the Home Office in the run-up to the 2015 general election.NEWS, 3 November 2014, Norman Baker: I resign – and it's Theresa May's fault,weblink The Independent, London, 3 November 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 7 November 2014, NEWS, 3 November 2014, Norman Baker resigns as Home Office minister,weblink The Guardian, London, 3 November 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 4 November 2014, NEWS, 3 November 2014, Norman Baker quits as Home Office minister,weblink BBC News, 3 November 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 7 November 2014, NEWS, 3 November 2014,weblink Norman Baker resigns from Government, The Daily Telegraph, London, 12 November 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 12 November 2014,


{{See also|Racism in the UK Conservative Party#Accusations against Theresa May{{!}}Accusations of anti-immigrant racism as Home Secretary}}In 2010, May promised to bring the level of net migration down to less than 100,000.NEWS,weblink Theresa May to tell Tory conference that mass migration threatens UK cohesion, The Guardian, London, 6 October 2015, live,weblink 27 October 2016, The Independent reported in February 2015, "The Office for National Statistics (ONS) announced a net flow of 298,000 migrants to the UK in the 12 months to September 2014—up from 210,000 in the previous year." In total, 624,000 people migrated to the UK in the year ending September 2014 and 327,000 left in the same period. Statistics showed "significant increases in migration among both non-EU citizens—up 49,000 to 292,000—and EU citizens, which rose by 43,000 to 251,000."NEWS,weblink David Cameron immigration pledge 'failed spectacularly' as figures show net migration almost three times as high as Tories promised, 26 February 2015, The Independent, London, Andrew, Grice, 20 July 2015, live,weblink" title="">weblink 7 July 2015, In May 2012 she told the Daily Telegraph of her intention "to create here in Britain a really hostile environment for illegal migration,"Kirkup, James (25 May 2012). "Theresa May interview: 'We’re going to give illegal migrants a really hostile reception’" – via rejected the European Union's proposal of compulsory refugee quotas.Travis, Alan (11 May 2015). "Home secretary hardens refusal to accept EU resettlement programme" {{webarchive|url= |date=27 January 2017 }}. The Guardian (London). She said that it was important to help people living in war-zone regions and refugee camps but "not the ones who are strong and rich enough to come to Europe"."Mother Angela: Merkel's Refugee Policy Divides Europe {{webarchive|url= |date=2 October 2015 }}". Der Spiegel. 21 September 2015. In May 2016, The Daily Telegraph reported that she had tried to save £4m by rejecting an intelligence project to use aircraft surveillance to detect illegal immigrant boats.NEWS,weblink Theresa May scrapped aerial border surveillance despite warnings from former security minister, The Daily Telegraph, London, Dominiczak, Peter, 31 May 2016, 31 May 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 2 June 2016,

Family migration

In June 2012, Theresa May announced that new restrictions would be introduced to reduce the number of non-European Economic Area family migrants. The changes were mostly intended to apply to new applicants after 9 July 2012.WEB,weblink House of Commons Hansard Debates for 11 Jun 2012 (pt 0002), UK Parliament, 19 October 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink 20 October 2013, The newly introduced rules came into effect on 9 July 2012 allowing only those British citizens earning more than £18,600 to bring their spouses or their children to live with them in the UK. This figure would rise significantly in cases where visa applications are also made for children. They also increased the current two-year probationary period for partners to 5 years. The rules also prevent any adult and elderly dependents from settling in the UK unless they can demonstrate that, as a result of age, illness or disability, they require a level of long-term personal care that can only be provided by a relative in the UK.WEB, Grower, Melanie, Changes to Immigration Rules for family members – Commons Library Standard Note SN-06353,weblink 18 December 2012, 6 January 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 5 January 2013, The House of Lords was concerned about the immigration issue and therefore addressed the PM in Parliament as to whether she had examined the impact on communities and families on modest incomes, but it received no direct response.NEWS, Mair, Lucy, Supreme court strikes down Home Office's back-door changes to immigration rules,weblink 16 March 2013, The Guardian, 18 July 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink 24 August 2013, The human rights group Liberty concluded that the new rules showed scant regard to the impact they would have on genuine families.WEB, Liberty's briefing on the Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules,weblink Yusef, Salehi, Rachel, Robinson, June 2012, 6 January 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 10 November 2012, The All-Party Parliamentary Group on Migration conducted an evidence based inquiry into the impact of the rules and concluded in their report that the rules were causing very young children to be separated from their parents and could exile British citizens from the UK.WEB, Report of the inquiry into new family migration rules,weblink Ruth, Grove-White, June 2013, 6 January 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 20 October 2013,

Deportation decisions

File:Memorandum of Understanding on transnational crime (5937407114).jpg|thumb|May, David Cameron and Najib RazakNajib RazakAt the Conservative Party Conference in October 2011, while arguing that the Human Rights Act needed to be amended, May gave the example of a foreign national who the Courts ruled was allowed to remain in the UK, "because—and I am not making this up—he had a pet cat". In response, the Royal Courts of Justice issued a statement, denying that this was the reason for the tribunal's decision in that case, and stating that the real reason was that he was in a genuine relationship with a British partner, and owning a pet cat was simply one of many pieces of evidence given to show that the relationship was "genuine". The Home Office had failed to apply its own rules for dealing with unmarried partners of people settled in the UK.NEWS,weblink Theresa May under fire over deportation cat claim, 4 October 2011, BBC News, 5 October 2011, live,weblink" title="">weblink 5 October 2011, Amnesty International said May's comments only fuelled "myths and misconceptions" about the Human Rights Act and Justice Secretary Kenneth Clarke subsequently called May's comments "laughable and childlike."NEWS,weblink Clarke hits out at 'childish remarks', 6 October 2011, Nottingham Post, 14 October 2011, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 8 October 2011, NEWS,weblink Theresa May under fire over deportation cat claim, BBC News, live,weblink" title="">weblink 5 October 2011, 4 October 2011, In June 2012, May was found in contempt of court by Judge Barry Cotter, and stood accused of "totally unacceptable and regrettable behaviour", being said to have shown complete disregard for a legal agreement to free an Algerian from a UK Immigration Detention Centre. As she eventually allowed the prisoner to be freed, May avoided further sanctions including fines or imprisonment.NEWS,weblink Theresa May accused of unacceptable and regrettable behaviour by judge, The Daily Telegraph, London, 20 June 2012, 24 June 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink 23 June 2012, WEB,weblink Home Secretary, Theresa May, found guilty of contempt of court over UK Immigration issue, UK Immigration Barristers blog, 21 June 2012, 24 June 2012, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 26 July 2012, May responded to a Supreme Court decision in November 2013 to overturn her predecessor Jacqui Smith's revocation of Iraqi-born terror suspect Al Jedda's British citizenship by ordering it to be revoked for a second time, making him the first person to be stripped twice of British citizenship.NEWS,weblink Home Secretary Theresa May strips man of UK citizenship – for the second time, The Independent, London, 1 December 2013, 8 December 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink 8 December 2013, NEWS,weblink Home Secretary strips man of UK citizenship – for the second time, The Bureau of Investigative Journalism, 2 December 2013, 8 December 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink 7 December 2013, NEWS,weblink Terror suspect Hilal Al-Jedda stripped of UK citizenship, BBC News, 2 December 2013, 8 December 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink 9 December 2013, May was accused by Lord Roberts of being willing to allow someone to die "to score a political point" over the deportation of mentally ill Nigerian man Isa Muazu.NEWS, Travis, Alan,weblink Failed asylum seeker deported from UK after 100-day hunger strike, The Guardian, London, 29 November 2013, 30 November 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink 30 November 2013, According to Muazu's solicitor, May had arranged for the asylum seeker, who was said to be "near death" after a 100-day hunger strike, to be deported by a chartered private jet.To strengthen the Home Office's tough stance an "end of life" plan was reportedly offered to Muazu, who was one of a number of hunger strikers at the Harmondsworth Immigration Removal Centre.NEWS, Allison, Eric,weblink Home Office issues 'end of life plan' to hunger-striking asylum seeker, The Guardian, London, 16 November 2013, 28 November 2013, live,weblink" title="">weblink 30 November 2013,

Abu Qatada deportation

File:Abu Qatada boards plane.jpg|thumb|Abu QatadaAbu QatadaOn 7 July 2013, Abu Qatada, a radical cleric arrested in 2002, was deported to Jordan after a decade-long battle that had cost the nation £1.7 million in legal fees,NEWS, Travis, Alan, Theresa May criticises human rights convention after Abu Qatada affair,weblink The Guardian, London, 8 July 2013, 2 July 2016, live,weblink 17 July 2016, and several prior Home Secretaries had not resolved.NEWS, Abu Qatada deported from UK to stand trial in Jordan,weblink BBC News, 2 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 18 July 2016, The deportation was the result of a treaty negotiated by May in April 2013, under which Jordan agreed to give Qatada a fair trial, by not using evidence that may have been obtained against him through torture.NEWS, Abu Qatada timeline,weblink BBC News, 2 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 18 July 2016, May pointed to Qatada's deportation as a triumph, guaranteeing in September 2013 that "he will not be returning to the UK", and declaring in her 2016 leadership campaign announcement that she was told that she "couldn't deport Abu Qatada" but that she "flew to Jordan and negotiated the treaty that got him out of Britain for good".NEWS, Halliday, Josh, Abu Qatada will not be allowed back in UK, says Theresa May,weblink The Guardian, London, 24 September 2014, 2 July 2016, live,weblink 17 July 2016, The Qatada deportation also shaped May's views on the European Convention on Human Rights and European Court of Human Rights, saying that they had "moved the goalposts" and had a "crazy interpretation of our human rights laws", as a result, May has since campaigned against the institutions, saying that British withdrawal from them should be considered.

"Go Home" advertisements

{{External media|image1=Image of the "Go Home" advert vans. From The Independent, Credit: Home Office/PA.|float=right|width=250px}}In August 2013, the Home Office engaged in an advertising campaign directed at illegal immigrants.NEWS,weblink Theresa May: The new Prime Minister's five most controversial moments, Agerholm, Harriet, 18 July 2016, The Independent, 31 January 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 31 January 2017, The advertisements, in the form of mobile advertising hoardings on the back of lorries, told illegal immigrants to "go home or face arrest", with an image of a person in handcuffs, and were deployed in six London boroughs with substantial ethnic minority populations. They were widely criticised as creating a hostile atmosphere for members of ethnic minority groups.NEWS,weblink Race-hate inquiry into Home Office 'go home' billboards, Swinford, Steven, 9 August 2013, The Daily Telegraph, 31 January 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 24 September 2017, The shadow Home Secretary, Yvette Cooper, described their language as being reminiscent of that used by the National Front in the 1970s.NEWS,weblink Theresa May says 'go home' will not be rolled out across UK, 22 October 2013, BBC News, 31 January 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 5 April 2017, An adjudication by the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) said that "the claim [that 106 arrests were made last week] was misleading and had not been substantiated" was followed by the advertisements being withdrawn after being banned by the ASA.NEWS,weblink Home Office anti-immigration 'go home' vans banned by advertising watchdog, Saul, Heather, 9 October 2013, The Independent, 31 January 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 3 February 2017,

Passport backlog

In mid 2014, the Passport Office faced a backlog in developing processing passport applications, with around 30,000 applications hit by delays.NEWS, Up to 30,000 passports hit by delays, says David Cameron,weblink BBC News, 11 June 2014, 6 July 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 11 July 2014, David Cameron suggested this had come about due to the Passport Office's receiving an "above normal" 300,000-rise in applications.NEWS, Mason, Rowena, 11 June 2014, Cameron accuses Miliband of scaring holidaymakers over passports backlog,weblink The Guardian, 6 July 2014, etal, live,weblink" title="">weblink 14 July 2014, It was revealed, however, that May had been warned the year before, in July 2013, that a surge of 350,000 extra applications could occur owing to the closure of processing overseas under Chancellor Osborne's programme of cuts.NEWS, Warrell, Helen, 12 June 2014, May ignored passport office warnings, says Labour Party,weblink Financial Times, London, 6 July 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 18 June 2014, Around £674,000 was paid to staff who helped clear the backlog.NEWS, Syal, Rajeev, 5 September 2014, Passport Office staff given up to £674,000 in bonuses amid delays,weblink The Guardian, 9 September 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 5 September 2014,

Windrush scandal

In April 2018, May's hostile environment policy became the focus of British politics in what came to be known as the Windrush scandal, in which members of the Windrush generation of Afro-Caribbean Britons were threatened with deportation by the Home Office and in at least 83 cases, illegally deported from the UK.NEWS, Agerholm, Harriet,weblink Windrush: Government admits 83 British citizens may have been wrongfully deported due to scandal but will only apologise to 18, The Independent, 21 August 2018, 16 December 2018, The policy also affected the lives of many thousands of people who were in the United Kingdom legally by causing them to be sacked from employmentweblink preventing access to health care, illegally demanding moneyweblink exiling them and preventing their return to the UKweblink and leaving them destitute. The scandal led to the resignation of May's successor Amber Rudd as Home Secretary,JOURNAL,weblink Amber Rudd's resignation rattles Theresa May's delicate cabinet, 29 April 2018, The Economist, 30 April 2018, and her replacement by Sajid Javid.NEWS,weblink Sajid Javid to be UK home secretary after Windrush scandal resignation, McKenzie, Sheena, CNN, 30 April 2018, Responding to questions in Parliament on the Windrush scandal on 25 April, May maintained that the hostile environment policy would remain government policy.NEWS,weblink Theresa May vows her 'hostile environment' on illegal immigration will continue, despite the Windrush scandal, Merwick, Rob, 25 April 2018, The Independent, 30 April 2018,

Birmingham schools row

In June 2014, an inflamed public argument arose between Home Office and Education Ministers about responsibility for alleged extremism in Birmingham schools.NEWS,weblink Theresa May is angry. Really angry, Benedict, Brogan, The Daily Telegraph, London, 4 June 2014, 8 June 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 7 June 2014, NEWS,weblink Five things you need to know about Theresa May's row with Michael Gove, Toby, Young, The Daily Telegraph, 4 June 2014, 8 June 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 7 June 2014, Prime Minister David Cameron intervened to resolve the row, insisting that May sack her Special Advisor Fiona Cunningham (now Hill) for releasing on May's website a confidential letter to May's colleagues,NEWS, Waterson, Jim, Jim Waterson, Datoo, Siraj, 6 June 2014, Home Office Quietly Deletes Letter To Michael Gove on Islamic Extremism (But It's Still on Google),weblink live, BuzzFeed,weblink" title="">weblink 9 June 2014, 19 June 2014, and that Michael Gove, the Education Secretary, apologise to the Home Office's head of Security and Counter-Terrorism, Charles Farr, for uncomplimentary briefings of him appearing on the front page of The Times.NEWS,weblink Michael Gove apologises over 'Trojan Horse' row with Theresa May, BBC News, 8 June 2014, 8 June 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 8 June 2014, NEWS,weblink Furious Cameron slaps down Gove and May over 'Islamic extremism' row, Toby, Helm, Daniel, Boffey, Warwick, Mansell, The Observer, London, 7 June 2014, 8 June 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 7 June 2014,

Minister for Women and Equalities

File:Theresa May and Justine Greening speaking at -YouthForChange (14503114089).jpg|thumb|May and Justine GreeningJustine GreeningMay held the office of Minister for Women and Equality in parallel to her office of Home Secretary from 2010 to September 2012, when this role was taken over by Maria Miller.Maria Miller becomes culture secretary {{webarchive|url= |date=3 March 2017 }}, The Guardian, 4 September 2012. Retrieved 11 December 2012.May's appointment as Minister for Women and Equality was criticised by some members of the LGBT rights movement,NEWS,weblink Analysis: How pro-gay is the new home secretary and minister for equality Theresa May?, 12 May 2010, Pink News, 28 October 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 25 November 2010, because she had voted against equalising the age of consent (in 1998) and against greater adoption rights for homosexuals (in 2002), though she had voted in favour of civil partnerships.WEB,weblink Theresa May MP, Maidenhead, Homosexuality – Equal rights, The Public Whip, 28 October 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 15 May 2010, NEWS,weblink From senior to junior – demoted Tories lose seats at the top table, Coates, Sam, Susz, Jagger, 14 May 2010, The Times, London, 28 October 2010, {{subscription required}} May later stated, during an appearance on the BBC's Question Time in 2010, that she had "changed her mind" on gay adoption.NEWS,weblink I've changed my mind on gay adoption, says Theresa May, 20 May 2010, BBC News, 28 October 2010, Writing for PinkNews in June 2010, May clarified her proposals for improving LGBT rights including measures to tackle homophobia in sport, advocating British society's need for "cultural change".NEWS,weblink Theresa May says sportsmen and newspaper editors must 'take action' against homophobia, 18 June 2010, Pink News, 29 July 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 25 June 2010, On 2 July 2010, May stated she would be supporting the previous Labour Government's Anti-Discrimination Laws enshrined in the Equality Act 2010 despite having opposed it before.NEWS,weblink Labour to stick with Labour's Equality Act, 2 July 2010, BBC News, 3 July 2010, The Equality Act came into effect in England, Wales and Scotland on 1 October 2010.NEWS,weblink New equality rights in workplace come into force, 1 October 2010, BBC News, 1 October 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 1 October 2010, She did however announce that a clause she dubbed "Harman's Law"NEWS,weblink Theresa May axes Harman's Law, Hope, Christopher, 17 November 2010, The Daily Telegraph, London, 18 November 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 20 November 2010, which would have required public bodies to consider how they can reduce socio-economic inequalities when making decisions about spending and servicesNEWS,weblink Middle classes to lose out under Harman's equality plan, Kirkup, James, The Daily Telegraph, London, 18 November 2010, 9 September 2009, live,weblink" title="">weblink 12 September 2009, would be scrapped on the grounds that it was "unworkable".NEWS,weblink Theresa May shelves 'equality duty' on councils, BBC News, 18 November 2010, 17 November 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 18 November 2010,

Prime Minister

Leadership election

{{Further|Conservative Party (UK) leadership election, 2016}}On 30 June 2016, May announced her candidacy for the leadership of the Conservative Party to replace David Cameron, who resigned following the outcome of the European Union membership referendum in which 52% of voters voted in favour of leaving the EU. May emphasised the need for unity within the party regardless of positions on leaving the EU, saying she could bring "strong leadership" and a "positive vision" for the country's future. Despite having backed a vote to remain in the EU, she insisted that there would be no second referendum, saying: "The campaign was fought... and the public gave their verdict. There must be no attempts to remain inside the EU, no attempts to rejoin it through the back door... Brexit means Brexit". An opinion poll that day found 47% of people choosing May as their preferred candidate to be prime minister.WEB,weblink Theresa May Is Britons' Favourite For PM – Poll, Carr, Harry, 30 June 2016, Sky News, 2 July 2016, The other candidates lagged far behind, with Michael Gove on 9%, live,weblink" title="">weblink 2 July 2016, May's supporters included a number of Cabinet ministers, such as Amber Rudd, Chris Grayling, Justine Greening, Jeremy Hunt, Michael Fallon and Patrick McLoughlin.NEWS, Asthana, Anushka, 1 July 2016, Tory party leadership: support for Theresa May surges as Gove struggles,weblink The Guardian, London, 2 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 1 July 2016, She received the most votes in the first round of voting on 5 July, receiving support from 165 MPs, with rivals Andrea Leadsom receiving 66 votes and Michael Gove 48.NEWS,weblink Tory leadership: Theresa May tops first vote but Liam Fox out, BBC News, 6 July 2016, She added: "I am the only candidate capable of delivering these three things as prime minister, and tonight it is clear that I am also the only one capable of drawing support from the whole of the Conservative Party.", live,weblink" title="">weblink 5 July 2016, The two candidates with the fewest votes, Liam Fox and Stephen Crabb, immediately announced their support for May.NEWS, Asthana, Anushka, May takes big lead as Fox and Crabb drop out,weblink The Guardian, London, 6 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 6 July 2016, May came in first place in the second ballot on 7 July with an overwhelming majority of 199 MPs, compared with 84 for Leadsom and 46 for Gove, who was eliminated.NEWS, Theresa May v Andrea Leadsom to be next prime minister,weblink 8 July 2016, BBC News, 8 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 8 July 2016, Afterwards, May stated that she was delighted with her support among MPs, and she progressed to a vote of the Conservative Party membership against Leadsom.NEWS, Cowburn, Ashley, 7 July 2016, Tory leadership election,weblink The Independent, London, 7 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 8 July 2016, On 11 July, Leadsom announced her withdrawal from the leadership contest hours after May had made her first official campaign speech, saying her lack of support amongst Conservative MPs compared to May would be too great a hindrance to becoming a credible prime minister.WEB,weblink May to take over as UK PM by Wednesday, 11 July 2016, Financial Times, live,weblink" title="">weblink 12 July 2016, As the sole remaining candidate, May was formally declared Leader of the Conservative Party that evening.NEWS,weblink Theresa May to succeed Cameron as UK PM on Wednesday, 13 July 2016, BBC News, 11 July 2016, The timing of the handover of power from David Cameron looks set to be after PM's questions on Wednesday., live,weblink" title="">weblink 11 July 2016, NEWS, 11 July 2016, Theresa May gives first speech as leader of the Conservative party,weblink The Telegraph, London, 11 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 11 July 2016,


On 13 July 2016, two days after becoming Leader of the Conservative Party, May was appointed prime minister by Queen Elizabeth II, becoming only the second female British prime minister after Margaret Thatcher.WEB,weblink The Queen received in audience The Right Honourable Theresa May, Adam.Vallance, 12 July 2016, 17 July 2016, live,weblink 18 August 2016, NEWS, PM-in-waiting Theresa May promises 'a better Britain',weblink 18 April 2017, BBC News, 11 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 25 January 2017, Addressing the world's media outside 10 Downing Street, May said that she was "honoured and humbled" to become prime minister. On becoming prime minister, May became the first woman to have held two of the Great Offices of State.Responding to some calls for an early general election, "sources close to Mrs May" said there was no need for such an election.NEWS,weblink Tributes for David Cameron at his final cabinet as UK PM, 12 July 2016, BBC News, 12 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 12 July 2016, In a speech after her appointment, May emphasised the term "Unionist" in the name of the Conservative Party, reminding all of "the precious, precious bond between England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland."NEWS,weblink Theresa May: Word unionist 'very important to me', 13 July 2016, BBC News, 14 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 14 July 2016, By 15 July, May had travelled to Edinburgh to meet with First Minister Nicola Sturgeon to reinforce the bond between Scotland and the rest of the United Kingdom. "I'm coming here to show my commitment to preserving this special union that has endured for centuries," she explained.NEWS, Stewart, Heather, 14 July 2016, Theresa May's decisive reshuffle draws line under Cameron era,weblink The Guardian, London, 15 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 14 July 2016,

Cabinet changes

May's first Cabinet appointment was described by Reuters as "one of the most sweeping government reshuffles for decades", and called "a brutal cull" by The Daily Telegraph.NEWS,weblink May builds new-look Brexit cabinet to steer EU divorce, Holton, Kate, Pitas, Costas, 14 July 2016, Reuters, 14 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 15 July 2016, NEWS, Hughes, Laura, 14 July 2016, Theresa May appoints Justine Greening and Liz Truss after mass cull of old government sees Michael Gove and Nicky Morgan axed,weblink The Telegraph, London, 14 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 14 July 2016, Nine of Cameron's ministers, including several prominent members, were sacked or resigned from their posts. The early appointments were interpreted both as an effort to reunite the Conservative Party in the wake of the UK's vote to leave the EU and as "a shift to the right," according to The Guardian.NEWS,weblink Theresa May appeals to centre ground but cabinet tilts to the right, Heather, Stewart, 13 July 2016, The Guardian, live,weblink" title="">weblink 13 July 2016, ITV's Political Editor Robert Peston commented: "Her rhetoric is more left-wing than Cameron's was, her cabinet is more right-wing than his was."WEB,weblink May appoints right wing cabinet for left wing agenda, Peston, Robert, 14 July 2016, ITV News, 16 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 15 July 2016, Although May had supported remaining in the EU, she appointed several of the most prominent advocates of Brexit to key Cabinet positions responsible for negotiating the United Kingdom withdrawal from the European Union, including Boris Johnson as Foreign Secretary, David Davis as Brexit Secretary, and Liam Fox as International Trade Secretary, the latter two being new positions.NEWSPAPER, James, William, MacLellan, Kylie, May Builds New-Look Brexit Cabinet to Steer EU Divorce,weblink 15 July 2016, Reuters, 15 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 15 July 2016, Other key appointees included Amber Rudd as Home Secretary and Philip Hammond as Chancellor of the Exchequer.NEWS,weblink Who is David Davis? A profile of Britain's new 'Brexit Secretary', The Daily Telegraph, 14 July 2016, 15 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 15 July 2016,

First term

File:Vladimir Putin and Theresa May (2016-09-04) 02.jpg|thumb|May and Vladimir Putin during the G20 summit in HangzhouHangzhouFile:Theresa May speech to UN General Assembly.jpg|thumb|May speaking to the United Nations General AssemblyUnited Nations General AssemblyThe First May ministry delayed the final approval for the Hinkley Point C nuclear power station in July 2016, a project which May had objected to when she was Home Secretary.NEWS,weblink Why have ministers delayed final approval for Hinkley Point C?, The Guardian, London, 29 July 2016, 31 July 2016, live,weblink 30 July 2016, NEWS,weblink Theresa May 'raised objections to project as home secretary', The Guardian, 30 July 2016, 31 July 2016, live,weblink 31 July 2016, Her political adviser Nick Timothy wrote an article in 2015 to oppose China's involvement in sensitive sectors. He said that the government was "selling our national security to China" without rational concerns and "the Government seems intent on ignoring the evidence and presumably the advice of the security and intelligence agencies".WEB,weblink Nick Timothy: The Government is selling our national security to China, Conservative Home, 20 October 2015, 31 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 31 July 2016, In July 2016, when George Kerevan asked her whether she would be prepared to authorise the killing of a hundred thousand innocent persons by a nuclear strike; during the "Trident debate" inside the House of Commons, May said "Yes. And I have to say to the honourable gentleman: the whole point of a deterrent is that our enemies need to know that we would be prepared to use it. Unlike some suggestions that we could have a nuclear deterrent but not actually be willing to use it, which come from the Labour Party frontbench."AV MEDIA,weblink Members of the House of Commons, 18 July 2016, Trident Debate – Theresa May Vs Jeremy Corbyn – UK Parliament – Nuclear Weapons Vote, Video recording, 18 July 2016, 19 minutes and 33 seconds in, House of Commons, London, EU Debate, live,weblink 19 November 2016, On 20 July, May attended her first Prime Minister's Questions since taking office, then afterwards made her first overseas trip as prime minister, visiting Berlin for talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel. During the visit, May said that she would not trigger Article 50 of the Treaty of Lisbon—the process for withdrawing from the European Union—before 2017, suggesting it would take time for the UK to negotiate a "sensible and orderly departure" from the EU. However, although Merkel said it was right for the UK to "take a moment" before beginning the process, she urged May to provide more clarity on a timetable for negotiations. Shortly before travelling to Berlin, May had also announced that in the wake of the referendum, Britain would relinquish the presidency of the Council of the European Union, which passes between member states every six months on a rotation basis, and that the UK had been scheduled to hold in the second half of 2017.NEWS,weblink Brexit: Theresa May says talks won't start in 2016, BBC News, 20 July 2016, 20 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 20 July 2016, NEWS, Rowena, Mason, Philip, Oltermann,weblink Angela Merkel backs Theresa May's plan not to trigger Brexit this year, The Guardian, 20 July 2016, 20 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 20 July 2016, May supported the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen and defended selling arms to Saudi Arabia,NEWS,weblink Theresa May claims selling arms to Saudi Arabia helps 'keep people on the streets of Britain safe', The Independent, London, 7 September 2016, 1 October 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 3 October 2016, which is accused of committing war crimes in Yemen,NEWS,weblink UK accused of blocking UN inquiry into claim of war crimes in Yemen, The Guardian, London, 25 September 2016, 1 October 2016, live,weblink 1 October 2016, insisting that Britain's close relationship with Saudi Arabia was "helping keep people on the streets of Britain safe".NEWS,weblink Theresa May rejects calls for UK to halt arms sales to Saudi Arabia, Financial Times, London, 7 September 2016, 1 October 2016, File:President Donald Trump and PM Theresa May Joint Press Conference, January 27, 2017.jpg|thumb|May and Donald TrumpDonald TrumpOn 21 January 2017, following the inauguration of Donald Trump as US President, the White House announced that May would meet the President on 27 January, making her the first foreign leader to meet Trump since he took office on 20 January.NEWS,weblink Theresa May to meet Donald Trump on Friday – White House, BBC News, 21 January 2017, 21 January 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 21 January 2017, In a joint press conference, May indicated an interest in increased trade between the United States and the United Kingdom. She also affirmed a desire to maintain an American involvement in NATO.NEWS,weblink In Meeting With Trump, U.K. Prime Minister Pushes For Future Trade Deal, NPR, Washington DC, 27 January 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 29 January 2017, May was criticised by members of major parties, including her own, for refusing to condemn Trump's Executive Order 13769, as well as for inviting Trump to a state visit with Queen Elizabeth II.NEWS,weblink Theresa May fails to condemn Donald Trump on refugees, 28 January 2017, BBC News, live,weblink" title="">weblink 30 January 2017, NEWS,weblink Theresa May is at heart of a political storm over her 'weak' response to Trump's Muslim ban, Nordic Business Insider, 29 January 2017, Payne, Adam, live,weblink" title="">weblink 2 February 2017, NEWS,weblink British PM Theresa May faces tough lesson over Trump's U.S. entry ban, The Globe and Mail, Toronto, 30 January 2017, Waldie, Paul, live,weblink" title="">weblink 19 March 2017, In January 2017, when it came to light that a Trident test had malfunctioned in June 2016, May refused to confirm whether she knew about the incident when she addressed parliament.NEWS, Britain's May faces pressure after reports of Trident test malfunction,weblink 22 January 2017, Reuters, 22 January 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 22 January 2017, NEWS, Siddique, Haroon, Mason, Rowena, May refuses to confirm whether she knew about Trident 'malfunction',weblink 22 January 2017, The Guardian, London, 22 January 2017, live,weblink 22 January 2017, NEWS, Theresa May 'faith' in Trident after test 'malfunction',weblink 22 January 2017, BBC News, 22 January 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 22 January 2017, File:2017 G20 Hamburg summit leaders group photo.jpg|thumb|May at the G20 summit in HamburgHamburgIn May's and Hammond's 2017 budget continued government policies of freezing benefits.What welfare changes did Philip Hammond make in his Budget 2017? {{webarchive|url= |date=17 March 2017 }} New Statesman

2017 general election

On 18 April, May announced that she would call a parliamentary vote to hold an early general election on 8 June, saying that it was the "only way to guarantee certainty and security for years ahead".NEWS, May to seek snap election for 8 June,weblink 18 April 2017, BBC, 18 April 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 18 April 2017, May had previously ruled out an early election on five occasions over nine months.WEB,weblink Five times Theresa May ruled out a snap general election – Coffee House, 18 April 2017, The Spectator, live,weblink 18 April 2017, The election was the first snap election held under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 after MPs gave May the two-thirds super-majority required.NEWS, General election campaigning begins as MPs back June poll,weblink 19 April 2017, BBC News, 19 April 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 19 April 2017, Unveiling the Conservative manifesto in Halifax on 18 May, May promised a "mainstream government that would deliver for mainstream Britain".NEWS,weblink Conservative manifesto: Theresa May targets mainstream Britain', 18 May 2017, BBC News, 18 May 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 17 May 2017, It proposed to balance the budget by 2025, raise spending on the NHS by £8bn per annum and on schools by £4bn per annum by 2022, remove the ban on new grammar schools, means-test the winter fuel allowance, replace the state pension "triple lock" with a "double lock" and require executive pay to be approved by a vote of shareholders. It dropped the 2015 pledge to not raise income tax or national insurance contributions but maintained a commitment to freeze VAT. New sovereign wealth funds for infrastructure, rules to prevent foreign takeovers of "critical national infrastructure" and institutes of technology were also proposed.NEWS,weblink May signals break with Thatcherism in manifesto for 'country and community', Mason, Rowena, 18 May 2017, The Guardian, 18 May 2017, Stewart, Heather, live,weblink 18 May 2017, The manifesto was noted for its intervention in industry, lack of tax cuts and increased spending commitments on public services.NEWS,weblink Conservative manifesto: Theresa May's 'mainstream' pitch, Kuenssberg, Laura, 18 May 2017, BBC News, 18 May 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 19 May 2017, On Brexit it committed to leaving the single market and customs union while seeking a "deep and special partnership" and promised a vote in parliament on the final agreement.NEWS,weblink Conservative manifesto summary: Key points at-a-glance, 18 May 2017, BBC News, 18 May 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 18 May 2017, The manifesto also proposed reforms to social care in England that would raise the threshold for free care from £23,250 to £100,000 while including property in the means test and permitting deferred payment after death. After attracting substantial media attention, four days after the manifesto launch May stated that the proposed social care reforms would now include an "absolute limit" on costs in contrast to the rejection of a cap in the manifesto.NEWS,weblink General election: Theresa May changes social care plans, 22 May 2017, BBC News, 22 May 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 22 May 2017, She criticised the "fake" portrayal of the policy in recent days by Labour and other critics who had termed it a "dementia tax". Evening Standard editor George Osborne called the policy change a "U-turn".NEWS,weblink May to change social care pledge, George Osborne says, 22 May 2017, Reuters UK, 22 May 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 22 May 2017, The Financial Times contrasted her "Strong and Stable" leadership slogan with her own record of nine rapid U-turns claiming she was "making a habit of retreating from policies."WEB, Theresa May's 9 U-turns, Financial Times,weblink 29 May 2017, Mance, Henry, 22 May 2017, live,weblink 28 May 2017, The general election in June resulted in a hung parliament, prompting her to broker a deal with Northern Ireland's Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), involving £1 billion of additional public funding for Northern Ireland.NEWS,weblink UK election 2017: full results, The Guardian, 9 June 2017, live,weblink 8 June 2017, Franklin, Will, Osborn, Matt, Cage, Feilding, NEWS, Conservatives agree pact with DUP to support May government,weblink 26 June 2017, BBC News, 26 June 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 26 June 2017,

Second term

File:Macri y May en el G20.jpg|thumb|left|May with the President of Argentina, Mauricio Macri during the 2018 G20 Buenos Aires summit. May is the first British prime minister to visit Buenos Aires after the (Falklands War]]."Prime Minister Theresa May becomes first PM to visit Buenos Aires". Government of the United Kingdom. 30 November 2018.)Less than two weeks after the 2017 State Opening of Parliament, May ordered a full public inquiry into the contaminated blood scandal.WEB, PM statement on contaminated blood inquiry: 11 July 2017,weblink Government of the United Kingdom, For this she was widely praised as successive governments going back to the 1980s had refused such an inquiry, some though speculated that May had simply been forced to announce the inquiry after a group legal action and news of fresh evidence were brought by Jason Evans.WEB, Government 'knew risks of contaminated blood months before making it public', son of victim claims,weblink ITV News, NEWS, Worley, Will, New evidence in NHS tainted blood scandal,weblink The Times, 4 July 2017, Additionally, Andy Burnham had threatened to take evidence to the police if an inquiry were not announced.NEWS, Contaminated blood scandal: Labour's Burnham threatens to go to police,weblink Sky News, With over 1,000 core participants, the Infected Blood Inquiry is the biggest public inquiry ever held in the UK.WEB,weblink Infected blood victims 'may still not know they have hepatitis C', Bowcott, Owen, 24 September 2018, The Guardian, 15 January 2019, In November 2017, May said the actions of Myanmar Army and police against the Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar "looks like ethnic cleansing"."Theresa May vows to tackle 'inhuman destruction of Rohingya people'". Sky News. 14 November 2017. According to May, "it is something for which the Burmese authorities – and especially the military – must take full responsibility." From the 2017 general election to December 2017, May suffered no defeats in whipped votes in the House of Commons.NEWS,weblink Theresa May 'could face first Commons' defeat on Brexit bill next week' on key amendment, 9 December 2017, The Independent, 30 December 2017, On 13 December 2017, May lost a vote on the EU Withdrawal Bill by 309 votes to 305, due to 11 Conservatives voting against the government, including Stephen Hammond who was then Vice-Chairman of the Conservative Party.NEWS,weblink Tory Brexit rebels inflict major defeat on Theresa May, Stewart, Heather, 14 December 2017, The Guardian, 30 December 2017, Walker, Peter, Elgot, Jessica, NEWS,weblink The Tories have sacked their own vice-chairman after he helped defeat the Government over Brexit, 13 December 2017, The Independent, 30 December 2017, May accused Russia of "threatening the international order", "seeking to weaponise information" and "deploying its state-run media organisations to plant fake stories". She mentioned Russia's meddling in German federal election in 2017,"Theresa May warns Russia over election meddling and vows to protect UK". The Independent. 13 November 2017. after German government officials and security experts said there was no Russian interference."Germany sees no sign of cyber attack before Sept. 24 election". Reuters. 19 September 2017.May promised to confront China on human rights but was praised in Communist Party-controlled media for "sidestepping" human rights in China during her first official visit to the country."China applauds ‘Auntie’ Theresa May for sidestepping human rights issue". The Week. 2 February 2018. The Global Times said: "For the Prime Minister, the losses outweigh the gains if she appeases the British media at the cost of the visit’s friendly atmosphere."In May 2018, during a three-day state visit to the UK by Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, May declared that Britain is a "true friend" of Turkey, but she added that "It is important that in defense of democracy, which has been facing extraordinary pressures from the failed coup, instability across the border from Syria and from Kurdish terrorism, Turkey does not lose sight of the values it is seeking to defend."WEB,weblink UK's May uses phrase 'Kurdish terrorism' during Erdogan visit as Kurds protest in London, Kurdistan 24, 15 May 2018, 13 July 2018, NEWS,weblink Post-Brexit, the UK will need Turkey for trade – and Erdogan is using that to his advantage, The Independent, 14 May 2018, 13 July 2018, File:Saudi Arabia massacres civilians in Yemen with U.K. assistance.jpg|thumb|Theresa May came under criticism for providing support to the (Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen]]."Theresa May defends UK ties with Saudi Arabia". BBC News. 4 April 2017.)

Contempt of Parliament

On 4 December 2018, on a motion passed by MPs by 311 to 293 votes,NEWS, Kentish, Benjamin, Theresa May government found in contempt of parliament over failure to publish full Brexit legal advice,weblink 26 May 2019, The Independent, 4 December 2018, the May Government was found in contempt of Parliament; the first government to be found in contempt in history.WEB,weblink Govt found in contempt of Parliament for first time in history over Brexit legal advice, Sky News, 4 December 2018, The vote was triggered by the government failing to lay before Parliament any legal advice on the proposed withdrawal agreement on the terms of the UK's departure from the European Union, after a humble address for a return was unanimously agreed to by the House of Commons on 13 November 2018. The government then agreed to publish the full legal advice for Brexit that was given to the Prime Minister by the Attorney General during negotiations with the European Union.

Votes of no confidence

On 12 December 2018, May faced a vote of no confidence in her leadership over opposition to her negotiated Brexit deal from the Conservative Party, after the number of Conservative MPs exceeded the 48 no-confidence letter threshold that the 1922 Committee Chairman, Sir Graham Brady required for one to be held.NEWS,weblink Theresa May awaits result of Tory MPs' confidence vote, BBC News, 12 December 2018, 16 December 2018, May won the vote with 200 Conservative MPs voting for her, compared to 117 voting against.NEWS,weblink Theresa May wins critical vote of confidence from Conservative MPs, thwarting Brexiteer rebels, The Independent, Watts, Joe, Buchan, Lizzy, 12 December 2018, 12 December 2018, As part of her speech to the Parliamentary Conservative Party before the no-confidence vote was opened, it was reported that May conceded that she would step down as prime minister after delivering Brexit and would not lead the Conservative Party into the next General Election in exchange for Conservative MPs voting to have confidence in her leadership so that she would be able to keep the party, Parliament and the UK stable during the final stages of Brexit. May later confirmed this to BBC News Political editor, Laura Kuenssberg after meeting EU leaders, including Jean-Claude Juncker in Brussels.On 17 December 2018 in the House of Commons, the Leader of the Opposition and Labour Party Leader, Jeremy Corbyn, tabled a motion of no confidence in May's prime ministership, citing May's refusal to set the date for the meaningful vote on her Brexit deal before Christmas, and instead pushing it back to mid-January.WEB,weblink Labour makes no-confidence move against PM, 17 December 2018, BBC News, 17 December 2018, The following day the government refused to allow time for the motion to be debated. John Bercow, Speaker of the House of Commons, confirmed that they were under no obligation to do so.NEWS,weblink Brexit: Cabinet 'ramps up' no-deal planning, 18 December 2018, 18 December 2018, BBC News, Following the defeat of May's Brexit deal on 15 January 2019, Corbyn tabled a motion of no confidence in the Government, to be voted on by parliament the following evening.WEB,weblink Brexit vote: Jeremy Corbyn tables no-confidence motion after May defeat – Politics live, Rawlinson, Kevin, Sparrow, Andrew, 15 January 2019, The Guardian, 15 January 2019, Henley, Jon, Sparrow, Andrew, Henley, Jon, Inman, Phillip, WEB,weblink PM's Brexit deal rejected by huge margin, 15 January 2019, BBC, 15 January 2019, WEB,weblink May Loses Brexit Vote in Landslide, Faces Confidence Vote, Bloomberg L.P., 15 January 2019, The motion was defeated by 325 votes to 306; a majority of 19.

Brexit deal defeats

On 15 January 2019, May's government was defeated in the House of Commons by a margin of 230 votes (202 in favour and 432 opposed) in a vote on her deal to leave the European Union. It was the largest majority against a United Kingdom government in history.WEB,weblink PM's Brexit deal rejected by 230 votes, 15 January 2019, BBC News, 15 January 2019, On 14 February the same year, May suffered another Commons defeat after MPs voted by 303 to 258 – a majority of 45 – against a motion endorsing the government's Brexit negotiating strategy.NEWS,weblink PM defeated over Brexit strategy, 14 February 2019, 18 February 2019, On 12 March, May was again defeated in the Commons by 149 votes (242 in favour and 391 against) on her latest deal after she secured last-minute concessions from the EU.WEB, Stewart, Heather, MPs ignore May's pleas and defeat her Brexit deal by 149 votes,weblink The Guardian, 12 March 2019, On 29 March, May was again defeated by 58 votes in the Commons (286 in favour and 344 against) on the withdrawal deal but not the political declaration.NEWS,weblink What Brexit deal did MPs reject?, Edgington, Tom, 29 March 2019, 29 March 2019, en-GB,


{{see also|2019 Conservative Party (UK) leadership election}}(File:Theresa May declares resignation.jpg|thumb|May announces her resignation outside 10 Downing Street on 24 May 2019)On 27 March 2019 at a meeting of the 1922 Committee, May confirmed that she will "not lead the UK in the next stage of Brexit negotiations", meaning she was expected to resign after the third meaningful vote, if it had passed successfully.NEWS,weblink May vows to quit if Brexit deal passed, 27 March 2019, 27 March 2019, en-GB, However, no date was stated, and her reported wording was ambiguous and thus carried no binding force. On 29 March, the third meaningful vote was defeated, and while May did not state anything in regards to standing down, Corbyn stated that if May could not find an alternative to her deal "she must go, not at an indeterminate date in the future but now."NEWS,weblink MPs reject May's EU withdrawal agreement, 29 March 2019, 29 March 2019, en-GB, On 22 April it was announced that the leaders of 70 Conservative Associations had signed a petition calling for a vote of no confidence. Under party rules an Extraordinary General Meeting must be convened if one is demanded by 65 associations. The non-binding vote, to be determined by 800 of the party's senior officials, would be the first time such an instance has occurred.WEB,weblink PM to face grassroots no-confidence vote, 22 April 2019, 22 April 2019,, On 24 April, the party's 1922 Committee ruled out changing the leadership challenge rules, but its chair, Graham Brady, asked for clarity on when May would step down from office.NEWS,weblink Theresa May: Senior Tories rule out early challenge to PM, BBC News, BBC, 24 April 2019, 24 April 2019, On 24 May she confirmed that she would resign as Conservative Party leader on 7 June, stating, "it is now clear to me that it is in the best interests of the country for a new prime minister to lead that effort."NEWS,weblink Theresa May resigns over Brexit: What happened?, BBC News, BBC, 24 May 2019, 24 May 2019, She continued to serve as prime minister until she tendered her resignation to the Queen on 24 July. This coincided with the arrival of Boris Johnson as prime minister, who was elected by the Conservative Party membership.WEB,weblink Theresa May officially steps down as Tory leader, BBC, 7 June 2019, 7 June 2019, By constitutional convention May did not step down until she assured the Queen that Johnson would be able to command the confidence of the House of Commons.NEWS,weblink The Guardian, 6 June 2019, Rowena Mason, Next Tory leader could face immediate confidence vote, In one of May's last Prime Minister's Questions, Barry Sheerman, the Labour MP for Huddersfield, urged May not to "cut and run" and instead reconsider her resignation. May responded by saying she would return to the role of a backbench MP after leaving office.WEB,weblink What will Theresa May do next? Outgoing prime minister will stay on as backbencher MP – here's how long other premiers lasted, Chaplain, Chloe, 2019-07-23,, en-GB, 2019-07-25,

Public opinion

May had a high approval rating during her first week as prime minister. The results of an Ipsos MORI survey released in July 2016 indicated that 55% of those surveyed believed that May was a suitable PM while only 23% believed that the Labour Leader Jeremy Corbyn would make a good prime minister.WEB,weblink Two in three say Labour should change leader before next General Election, 14 July 2016, Ipsos MORI, 18 July 2016, live,weblink 20 September 2016, A ComRes poll taken in September 2016 after her election suggested May was seen as substantially more "in touch with ordinary British people" than her predecessor David Cameron and a majority of voters saw her as "the right person to unite the country".NEWS, Theresa May hugely popular among voters, who see her as in touch with 'ordinary people', poll finds,weblink The Independent, 24 September 2016, 17 March 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 18 March 2017, At the beginning of 2017, nearly six months after becoming prime minister, a ComRes found May was the most popular UK politician with a net rating of +9 which was described as the longest honeymoon period enjoyed by any sitting Conservative prime minister since the end of the Second World War.NEWS, Theresa May 'more popular than David Beckham',weblink The Independent, 11 February 2017, 17 March 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 18 March 2017, NEWS, Theresa May's 'honeymoon' is a record for a modern Conservative prime minister, pollsters say,weblink The Independent, 13 January 2017, 18 April 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 19 April 2017, The Conservative Party had a 21-point lead over Labour in a poll released the day before May announced a snap electionNEWS, May's Conservatives take 21-point lead ahead of UK snap election – ICM poll,weblink 18 April 2017, Reuters UK, live,weblink" title="">weblink 18 April 2017, but this lead narrowed substantially.Tory nerves fray as Jeremy Corbyn narrows Theresa May’s lead in new poll {{webarchive|url= |date=28 May 2017 }} The Guardian In mid-June, following the election, a YouGov poll showed that May's popularity had dropped to a rating of −34.NEWS,weblink Theresa May is now almost as unpopular as pre-campaign Jeremy Corbyn, finds YouGov poll, The Independent, 16 June 2017, 16 June 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 15 June 2017, In April 2018, May had a higher approval rating than Corbyn for the first time since the general election, leading him by −13 to −23.NEWS,weblink The public sees Theresa May more favourably than Jeremy Corbyn for the first time since the election, Smith, Matthew, 9 April 2018, YouGov, 4 June 2018,

Ministerial resignations

May's premiership had had 51 resignations with 33 relating to Brexit. These included 12 departures from the Cabinet. The pace and number of resignations have been described as 'unprecedented' by the Institute for Government,WEB,weblink Ministers, 17 January 2019, The Institute for Government, en, 3 April 2019, with resignations impacting the functioning of the government.NEWS,weblink Brexit: Struggle to fill seats of power left empty by rebellious MPs, Political Correspondent, Henry Zeffman, 27 March 2019, The Times, 3 April 2019, en, 0140-0460, In less than three years, May received more resignations than Thatcher or Blair. The Chief Whip Julian Smith described May's Cabinet as exhibiting the 'worst cabinet ill-discipline in history'.NEWS,weblink Chief whip Julian Smith attacks ministers for 'worst cabinet ill-discipline in history', Sky News, en, 3 April 2019,

Political positions

{{One-nation conservatism}}May has identified herself with the one-nation conservative position within her party.NEWS, Quinn, Ben, Theresa May sets out 'one-nation Conservative' pitch for leadership, 30 June 2016, The Guardian, London,weblink live,weblink 30 September 2016, Since coming into prominence as a front-bench politician, May's public image has divided media opinion, especially from some in the traditionalist right-wing press.NEWS,weblink To all intents and purposes, Theresa May may as well not exist, Heffer, Simon, 20 September 2003, The Spectator, 27 October 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 19 July 2010, Commenting on May's debut as Home Secretary, Anne Perkins of The Guardian observed that "she'll be nobody's stooge",NEWS,weblink Theresa May will be nobody's stooge, Perkins, Anne, 12 May 2010, The Guardian, 6 August 2010, live,weblink" title="">weblink 21 October 2013, while Cristina Odone of The Daily Telegraph predicted her to be "the rising star" of the Coalition Government.NEWS,weblink Theresa May will be the star of the coalition government, Odone, Cristina, 21 May 2010, The Daily Telegraph, 27 October 2010, Allegra Stratton, then with The Guardian, praised May as showing managerial acumen.NEWS,weblink 19 June 2014, May days, September 2011, Ethos, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 3 April 2012, Describing her as a liberal Conservative, the Financial Times characterised May as a "non-ideological politician with a ruthless streak who gets on with the job", in doing so comparing her to German Chancellor Angela Merkel.NEWS, Parker, George, Warrell, Helen, Theresa May: Britain's Angela Merkel?, 25 July 2014, Financial Times, London,weblink live,weblink" title="">weblink 3 July 2016, Conversely, in The Independent, Rebecca Glover of the Policy Innovation Research Unit contrasted May to Boris Johnson, claiming that she was "staunchly more conservative, more anti-immigration, and more isolationist" than he was.NEWS,weblink Don't be misled by Theresa May – she's no progressive Conservative, Glover, Rebecca, 1 July 2016, The Independent, London, live,weblink" title="">weblink 16 March 2017, During her leadership campaign, May said that "We need an economy that works for everyone", pledging to crack down on executive pay by making shareholders' votes binding rather than advisory and to put workers onto company boardsNEWS, Coates, Sam,weblink May vows to crack down on greed of big business, The Times, London, 11 July 2016, subscription, 11 July 2016, (although she later claimed that the last pledge was not to be mandatoryNEWS, Asthana, Anushka, Walker, Peter, Theresa May: I won't force companies to appoint workers to their boards,weblink 10 June 2017, The Guardian, 21 November 2016, live,weblink 4 April 2017, ), policies that The Guardian describes as going further than the Labour Party's 2015 general election manifesto.NEWS, Theresa May's economy speech – Analysis,weblink 12 July 2016, The Guardian, 11 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 14 July 2016, File:First Minister meets the Prime Minister at Bute House (cropped).jpg|thumb|May's first visit since becoming prime minister with First Minister of Scotland, Nicola Sturgeon, at Bute House, EdinburghEdinburghAfter she became prime minister, May's first speech espoused the left, with a promise to combat the "burning injustice" in British society and to create a union "between all of our citizens" and promising to be an advocate for the "ordinary working-class family" and not for the affluent in the UK. "The government I lead will be driven not by the interests of the privileged few but by yours. We will do everything we can to give you more control over your lives ... When we take the big calls, we’ll think not of the powerful, but you. When we pass new laws we’ll listen not to the mighty, but to you. When it comes to taxes we’ll prioritise not the wealthy but you."NEWS, Stewart, Heather, 14 July 2016, Theresa May appeals to centre ground but cabinet tilts to the right,weblink The Guardian, London, UK, 14 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 13 July 2016, May has described herself as a personal supporter of fox hunting with hounds, saying that foxes' numbers had to be controlled and that hunting them with dogs was the most humane way to do it. The Conservative manifesto for the 2017 election included a pledge to hold a parliamentary vote to repeal the Hunting Act 2004, which prohibits a range of hunting activities.NEWS,weblink Theresa May says she supports fox hunting because other ways of killing foxes are 'cruel', 16 May 2017, The Independent, live,weblink" title="">weblink 8 October 2017, After the Conservatives' manifesto for the 2017 election was released, some people, including Fraser Nelson of The Spectator,WEB,weblink Red Theresa's manifesto, Nelson, Fraser, Fraser Nelson, 20 May 2017, The Spectator, 30 May 2017, called her a "red Tory", saying that she had moved her party to the left in politics. Politico called her policies "Mayism", saying that Mayism was "a working-class conservatism openly critical of the "cult of individualism" and globalization".NEWS, Wright, Ben, General Election 2017: Is Theresa May a 'Red Tory'?, BBC News, 17 May 2017,weblink 30 May 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 1 June 2017, WEB, Cooper, Charlie, Theresa May's 'Red Tory' plan for Brexit Britain,, 18 May 2017,weblink 30 May 2017, McTague, Tom, live,weblink" title="">weblink 18 May 2017, May praised the former Prime Minister Winston Churchill and has a portrait of Churchill on the wall of her study. May's spokesman said: "The prime minister has quoted and referenced Sir Winston Churchill on many occasion and acknowledged him as one of the great prime ministers of the 20th century."NEWS, Winston Churchill: Theresa May says she has portrait of wartime PM in her study amid row over John McDonnell comments,weblink The Independent, 15 February 2019, May welcomed the arrest of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, saying that "no one is above the law."NEWS, Julian Assange's arrest draws fierce international reaction,weblink Fox News, 11 April 2019, Assange had fled to the Ecuadorian embassy in London in 2012 after being accused of sexual assault in Sweden. He is also wanted by the US for "conspiracy to commit computer intrusion" relating to the Wikileaks release of classified material in 2010, including footage of US soldiers killing civilians in Iraq.NEWS,weblink Julian Assange: What happens next after embassy arrest, Sky News, 13 April 2019, 25 May 2019, NEWS, Dixon, Emily,weblink WikiLeaks' Julian Assange has been arrested at the Ecuadorian embassy in London, CNN, 11 April 2019, 25 May 2019,

Foreign policy

File:President Trump and First Lady Melania Trump's Trip to the United Kingdom (48007770612).jpg|thumb|May with Queen Elizabeth II, U.S. President Donald Trump and other world leaders to mark the 75th anniversary of D-DayD-DayThe May Ministry delayed the final approval for the Hinkley Point C nuclear power station in July 2016, a project which May had objected to when she was Home Secretary.WEB,weblink Why have ministers delayed final approval for Hinkley Point C?, Graham Ruddick, 29 July 2016, The Guardian, 9 November 2016, WEB,weblink Theresa May 'raised objections to project as home secretary', Daniel Boffey, 30 July 2016, The Guardian, 9 November 2016, Her political adviser Nick Timothy wrote an article in 2015 to oppose People's Republic of China's involvement in sensitive sectors. He said that the government was "selling our national security to China" without rational concerns and "the Government seems intent on ignoring the evidence and presumably the advice of the security and intelligence agencies."WEB,weblink Nick Timothy: The Government is selling our national security to China, 20 October 2015, Conservative Home, 9 November 2016, Politicians and human rights activists have been urging Theresa May's government to vote against Saudi Arabian retention of the membership of the UN Human Rights Council.NEWS,weblink Theresa May should expel Saudi Arabia from the UN Human Rights Council, but that's not enough to absolve the UK, Allan Hennessy, 19 August 2016, The Independent, 9 November 2016, NEWS,weblink British government refuses to rule out re-electing Saudi Arabia to UN human rights council, Jon Stone, 16 July 2016, The Independent, 9 November 2016, Amnesty International's UK Foreign Policy Programme Director Polly Truscott said: "Rather than turning a blind eye to Saudi Arabia’s continuing bully tactics, the UK should publicly hold the Saudi authorities to account for its appalling human rights record and the ongoing war crimes in Yemen and should stop selling weapons to Saudi as a matter of urgency."NEWS,weblink Theresa May urged to vote against Saudi Arabia remaining on Human Rights Council over abuses, Joe Watts, 18 August 2016, The Independent, 9 November 2016, May defended selling arms to Saudi Arabia stating that close ties with the country "keep people on the streets of Britain safe".NEWS,weblink Theresa May claims selling arms to Saudi Arabia helps 'keep people on the streets of Britain safe', Merrick, Rob, 7 September 2016, The Independent, 5 June 2017,

Economic policy

Prior to her premiership, May outlined plans to backtrack on the longstanding government plan to achieve a surplus by 2020, following the UK's withdrawal from the European Union. With uncertainty surrounding the economic outlook, Chancellor of the Exchequer Phillip Hammond has suggested that the government's Autumn Statement may be used to "reset" economic policy.WEB,weblink Chancellor may 'reset' economic policy in Autumn Statement, BBC News Business, BBC, 4 September 2016, In 2015, while May was Home Secretary, an 18% funding cut in the police force had taken place with the loss of around 20,000 police officers. Before the 2017 Manchester Arena bombing and after the Paris attacks, she was warned by a Manchester senior police officer that the cuts on the force and community policing risked terror attacks in the city due the lack of resources to do proper intelligence and anti-terrorist measures.NEWS,weblink Theresa May was warned by Manchester police officer that cuts risked terror attack in the city, Bienkov, Adam, 26 May 2017, Business Insider, 26 May 2017, NEWS,weblink Theresa May's Police Cuts Exposed By Manchester Bombing Army Deployment – Police Federation, Waugh, Paul, 24 May 2017, Huffington Post, 26 May 2017, NEWS,weblink Police cuts: Terror response warning to home secretary, 20 November 2015, BBC, 26 May 2017, In May and Hammond's 2017 budget, continued government policies were confirmed regarding freezing benefits.What welfare changes did Philip Hammond make in his Budget 2017? New StatesmanMay is considering forcing companies to reveal the difference between what their CEOs are paid and what their ordinary workers are paid.WEB,weblink Executive pay: Companies could be forced to reveal pay gap, BBC News, 27 November 2016, 23 February 2017, {{needs update|date=June 2019}}

Workers' representatives

Before her premiership began, May said that she planned to have workers represented on company boards, saying "If I'm prime minister ... we're going to have not just consumers represented on company boards, but workers as well."WEB,weblink Theresa May's plan to put workers in boardrooms is extraordinary | Politics, 11 July 2016, The Guardian, 23 February 2017, May aimed to put workers' and consumers' representatives on boards to make them more accountable.WEB,weblink Workers on boards: the idea is not going away | Business, Sean Farrell, 2 October 2016, The Guardian, 23 February 2017, Nils Pratley, a journalist at The Guardian, wrote in July "Fundamental principles of Britain's boardroom governance are being rethought. It is a very welcome development. In the more enlightened quarters of the UK corporate world, they can see that boardroom pay has eroded trust in business." Workers' representatives it appeared, would have made UK companies more like those in Germany and France.NEWS,weblink Theresa May's plan to put workers on boards is borrowed from Germany and France, Stephanie Baker, 12 July 2016, The Independent, 23 February 2017, May was accused of backtracking in November 2016 when she said that firms would not be forced to adopt the proposal, saying "there are a number of ways in which that can be achieved".WEB,weblink Theresa May bids to reassure business on Brexit 'cliff-edge' –, BBC News, 23 February 2017,


Following the impact of Blue Planet II in 2017, the May administration outlined plans to approve further green policy. A particular focus has been on plastic and its impact on the environment. In March 2018, May announced plans for a plastic deposit scheme modelled on a similar policy in Norway to boost recycling.WEB,weblink Drinks bottles and can deposit return scheme proposed, 27 March 2018,,

EU and Brexit

{{expand section|1=details about Chequers plan and defeat of withdrawal agreement|date=February 2019}}May publicly stated her support for the UK remaining in the EU during the 2016 referendum campaign, but did not campaign extensively in the referendum and criticised aspects of the EU in a speech.NEWS, Bennett, Asa, Theresa May wants you to stay in the EU. Has she blown her chances of ever being Tory leader?,weblink The Daily Telegraph, 25 April 2016, London, 10 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 9 July 2016, NEWS, McTague, Tom, Theresa May, the anti-Boris who just might be Britain's next PM,weblink, 3 June 2016, 10 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 4 June 2016, It was speculated by political journalists that May had sought to minimise her involvement in the debate to strengthen her position as a future candidate for the Conservative party leadership.NEWS, Bennett, Asa, Theresa May's silence speaks volumes about her leadership ambitions,weblink The Daily Telegraph, London, 16 June 2016, 10 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 25 June 2016, Some in David Cameron's ministry likened May to a "submarine" on the issue of Brexit due to her perceived indifference towards the referendum and the EU.NEWS, Dominiczak, Peter, Theresa May accused of leaving David Cameron to 'fight alone' during the EU Referendum, according to former No 10 director,weblink The Telegraph, 24 September 2016, In a leaked recording prior to the Brexit referendum, May said, May also said Britain was more secure as part of the EU due to the European arrest warrant and Europe-wide information sharing among other factors. She said, "There are definitely things we can do as members of the European Union that I think keep us more safe".May's public reticence during the referendum campaign resulted in tensions with David Cameron and his pro-EU team.Leaked recordings reveal Theresa May's pro-EU stance ahead of Brexit vote {{webarchive|url= |date=1 October 2017 }} The IndependentWEB,weblink UK PM May outlined Brexit fears pre-referendum, 26 October 2016, Deutsche Welle, live,weblink" title="">weblink 26 October 2016, Following the referendum and her election as party leader, May signalled that she would support full withdrawal from the EU and prioritise immigration controls over remaining within the single market, leading some to contrast this with her earlier remarks on the earlier economic arguments. She later went on to say before the 2017 United Kingdom general election that she would be willing to leave the EU without a deal, saying that "no deal is better than a bad deal. We have to be prepared to walk out".NEWS, Theresa May prête à un Brexit sans accord, Le Figaro, Paris, 29 May 2017,weblink Theresa May ready for Brexit without a deal, fr, 29 May 2017, La Première ministre britannique Theresa May a répété lundi qu'elle était prête à quitter la table des négociations sur le Brexit sans avoir obtenu d'accord avec l'Union européenne si les conditions ne sont pas satisfaisantes pour la Grande-Bretagne., live,weblink" title="">weblink 29 May 2017, NEWS, May says prepared to leave EU without a Brexit deal, Reuters UK, 29 May 2017,weblink 29 May 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 29 May 2017, The Lib Dem leader, Tim Farron, said it was "disappointing that Theresa May lacked the political courage to warn the public as she did a bunch of bankers in private about the devastating economic effects of Brexit. More disappointing is that now she is supposedly in charge, she is blithely ignoring her own warnings and is prepared to inflict an act of monumental self-harm on the UK economy by pulling Britain out of the single market." Phil Wilson for the Open Britain group said, "It's good to know that privately Theresa May thinks what many of us have been saying publicly for a long time, leaving the single market would be bad for businesses and for our economy. Now she is prime minister, Theresa May is in an unrivalled position to act on her previous concerns, starting by putting membership of the single market at the heart of her government's negotiating position."File:Manchester Brexit protest for Conservative conference, October 1, 2017 17.jpg|thumb|left|Manchester protests ahead of Conservative Party Conference in October 2017]]On 22 September 2017, May officially made public the details of her Brexit proposal during a speech in Florence,WEB,weblink Archived copy, 22 September 2017, live,weblink 22 September 2017, urging the European Union to maintain a transitional period of two years after Brexit during which trade terms remain unaltered.NEWS,weblink Keep EU trade as it is until 2021 – May, 22 September 2017, BBC News, 22 September 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 22 September 2017, During this period, the UK would also continue to honour its budget commitments of about €10 billion per annum, and accept immigration from Europe.NEWS,weblink UK PM seeks to break Brexit deadlock, Laura, Smith-Spark, CNN, 22 September 2017, 21 September 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 22 September 2017, Her speech was criticised by leading Eurosceptic Nigel Farage.NEWS,weblink The great Brexit betrayal continues: Theresa May in her naivety has sold the British people out to Brussels, Farage, Nigel, 22 September 2017, The Telegraph, 22 September 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 23 September 2017, The European Union's Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier welcomed May's proposal as "constructive," but said it also "must be translated into negotiating positions to make meaningful progress."NEWS,weblink The Latest: EU's Brexit chief welcomes 'constructive' speech, Associated Press, Dayton Daily News, 22 September 2017, 22 September 2017, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 23 September 2017, May has not given MPs a vote over the European Union.{{Citation needed|date=February 2017}} Nicky Morgan stated "in 2016 MPs aren't asking for a veto but they do want a say and we hope the Prime Minister will remember her earlier words". Anna Soubry and Nick Clegg also called for more parliamentary involvement.NEWS,weblink Brexit: Theresa May urged to 'remember her words' after calling for MPs right to veto European talks in 2007, Ashley Cowburn, 29 October 2016, The Independent, 9 November 2016, In November 2016, the High Court ruled in R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union that parliament must vote on the decision to leave the EU but May appealed to the Supreme Court.NEWS,weblink Brexit court defeat for UK government –, 3 November 2016, BBC News, 9 November 2016, Nicola Sturgeon, Scottish First Minister has joined the case as have representatives of Wales and Northern Ireland. Sturgeon feels the Scottish Parliament should also consent to the UK triggering of Article 50. She says she will not seek to prevent England and Wales leaving but wants to preserve Scotland's place in the EU.NEWS,weblink Scottish government seeks to intervene in Brexit case –, 3 November 2016, BBC News, 9 November 2016, In the end the Supreme Court required a vote in the UK parliament.May was accused of not having a plan if Brexit talks break down. There are fears if talks fail Britain could be left trading under WTO rules which it is feared{{by whom|date=May 2019}} would seriously damage jobs and livelihoods in Britain and Europe. May's ministers have repeatedly promised to walk away from a bad final deal but, it is argued, have no plans for how to manage without a deal.MPs slam Theresa May over lack of a plan if Brexit talks collapse The Guardian. 11 March 2017. Ivan Rogers described May's Brexit strategy as "an accident waiting to happen". He said completing Brexit was "guaranteed" to take a decade and alleged May's unrealistic hopes of a trade deal made to order meant a car crash in the next few months was "quite likely".Irish warn Theresa May: change course or risk Brexit chaos The Observer. 25 November 2017.In late October 2018, the National Audit Office warned her that it was already too late to prepare the necessary Irish border security checks in the event of a No-deal scenario—a weakness that organised crime would be quick to exploit.NEWS,weblink It's too late to prepare UK borders for no deal Brexit National Audit Office tells Theresa May, Rob Merrick, The Independent, 24 October 2018, On 5 February 2019, May gave a speech to business leaders in Belfast to address Brexit stating the United Kingdom's relationship with Ireland was closer than the 27 other members of the EU. She affirmed the government's "absolute" commitment to the Good Friday Agreement and that Britain would seek to have no hard border in Northern Ireland.NEWS, Theresa May's Belfast speech in full,weblink Belfast Live, 5 February 2019, NEWS, Theresa May makes Brexit speech in Belfast,weblink The Belfast Telegraph, 5 February 2019,


In 2005 May co-founded the mentoring and pressure group Women2Win. This group and May's personal efforts have been credited with increasing the number of Conservative women MPs and with supporting them. In government she lobbied for improvements to maternity leave, and as Home Secretary she acted on FGM and introduced a law on coercive control. However, she has been criticised for the financial cuts made by her government, which have been claimed to have had the greatest impact on poor and vulnerable women.NEWS, Gill, Martha, Theresa May's positive legacy? She's a feminist champion,weblink 21 August 2019, The Guardian, 15 July 2019, London, NEWS, Lagan, Aine, Theresa May's Resigned, But The Next Female PM Will Owe Her More Than We Realise,weblink 21 August 2019, HuffPost, 24 May 2019, NEWS, Crosbie, Virginia, The number of female Tory MPs has almost quadrupled since 2005 – and all we did was ask,weblink 21 August 2019, The Independent, 6 February 2018, London,

Same-sex relationships

In 1998, May voted against lowering the age of consent for homosexual acts,WEB, Crime and Disorder Bill 35{{snd, Reduction of Age of Consent for Homosexual Acts to 16|url=|website=They Work For You|accessdate=11 June 2017|url-status=live|archiveurl=|archivedate=3 September 2017}} and was absent for the vote on the repeal of Section 28 in 2003.WEB,weblink Theresa May, They Work For You, 11 June 2017, live,weblink 24 June 2017, In May 2012, however, May expressed support for the introduction of same-sex marriage by recording a video for the Out4Marriage campaign,NEWS,weblink Home Secretary Theresa May comes @Out4Marriage, Pink News, 24 May 2012, 24 May 2012, live,weblink" title="">weblink 26 May 2012, in which she stated "I believe if two people care for each other, if they love each other, if they want to commit to each other... then they should be able to get married and marriage should be for everyone".NEWS, Mulholland, Hélène, Theresa May records video in support of gay marriage,weblink 11 July 2016, The Guardian, 24 May 2012, live,weblink 17 July 2016, In May 2013, May voted in favour of the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill, which legalised same-sex marriage in England and Wales.WEB, Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill{{snd, Third Reading: Recent Votes{{snd}}TheyWorkForYou|url=|website=TheyWorkForYou|accessdate=3 September 2017|url-status=live|archiveurl=|archivedate=3 September 2017}}


After leaving 10 Downing Street, May took her place on the backbenches, remaining an MP to "devote her full time" to her constituency of Maidenhead.NEWS,weblink May 'looking forward' to being backbench MP, 2019-06-28, 2019-07-25, en-GB, On 25 July 2019, the day after leaving office, May was photographed watching a test cricket match at Lord's with her former Chief of Staff Gavin Barwell. Two former cabinet ministers, Greg Clark and David Gauke, were seated behind her.WEB,weblink Theresa May and ex-ministers enjoy first 'day off' at Lord's cricket match, Sky News, en, 2019-07-25,

Personal life

File:Theresa May 2017 election speech outside 10 Downing Street.jpg|thumb|May outside 10 Downing Street on 9 June 2017, with her husband ]]May has been married to Philip May, an investment relationship manager currently employed by Capital International,NEWS, Becket, Adam, Who is Philip May? Theresa May's husband and closest advisor,weblink 7 December 2018, Business Insider, 21 November 2017,weblink 16 August 2018, live, since 6 September 1980.NEWS,weblink Theresa May: David Cameron's lady in waiting, Orr, Deborah, 14 December 2009, The Guardian, 9 June 2011, live,weblink" title="">weblink 7 November 2013, It is widely believed that former Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto introduced the two during their time at Oxford.NEWS,weblink Profile: Theresa May's husband Philip, BBC News, 13 July 2016, 20 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 19 July 2016, May has expressed regret that she and her husband have not been able to have children.NEWSPAPER, I was probably goody two-shoes: Theresa May interviewed,weblink The Daily Telegraph, 3 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 3 July 2016, 21 December 2012, Pearson, Allison, The Mays are passionate walkers, and they regularly spend their holidays hiking in the Swiss Alps.NEWS, Khomami, Nadia, Theresa May seeks peace and quiet on Alpine walking holiday,weblink 12 August 2016, The Guardian, 12 August 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 12 August 2016, May is also a cricket fan, stating that Geoffrey Boycott was one of her sporting heroes.NEWS,weblink Prime Minister Theresa May spotted watching England vs Pakistan at Lord's cricket ground with husband Philip, The Daily Telegraph, 27 August 2016, 5 September 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 2 September 2016, She also enjoys cooking, and has said that she owns 100 cookery books. Philip has said that she "is a very good cook".NEWS, Stamp, Gavin, Who is Theresa May: A profile of UK's new prime minister, BBC News, 25 July 2016,weblink 29 May 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 16 May 2017, WEB, Bins, cooking, the bedroom – Britain's Theresa May offers glimpse of private life, The Straits Times, 10 May 2017,weblink 29 May 2017, live,weblink" title="">weblink 29 May 2017, May and her husband reside in the Thames village of SonningWEB,weblink Theresa May's House in Sonning, United Kingdom (Google Maps), 2016-07-19, Virtual Globetrotting, en, 2019-06-01, WEB,weblink Sonning: A Picture-Perfect British Village Where Privacy is Protected, House, Laura,, en-US, 2019-06-01, which is within her constituency.WEB,weblink SPC: Theresa May,, 2019-06-01, May is a member of the Church of England and regularly worships at church (usually at St Andrew's, Sonning) on Sunday.NEWS, Andrew, Gimson,weblink Theresa May: minister with a mind of her own, The Observer, London, 20 October 2012, May said: 'I am a practising member of the Church of England, a vicar's daughter.', live,weblink 13 January 2017, NEWS, Christopher, Howse,weblink Theresa May's Desert Island hymn, The Daily Telegraph, London, 29 November 2014, The Home Secretary declared that she was a 'regular communicant' in the Church of England, live,weblink" title="">weblink 5 May 2015, NEWS, The Times, Church of England and Theresa May, 15 March 2012, 26, The daughter of an Anglican priest, the Reverend Hubert Brasier, May has said that her Christian faith "is part of me. It is part of who I am and therefore how I approach things".WEB, Bushfield, Antony, Theresa May: Christianity is 'part of me',weblink Premier, 18 July 2016, 24 November 2014, live,weblink" title="">weblink 10 July 2016, May is known for a love of fashion, and in particular of distinctive shoes; she wore leopard-print shoes at her 'Nasty Party' speech in 2002, as well as her final Cabinet meeting as Home Secretary in 2016. On Desert Island Discs in 2014, she chose a subscription to Vogue as her luxury item.NEWS, The Daily Telegraph,weblink Theresa May is proof that female politicians don't have to be afraid of fashion, 12 July 2016, 15 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 14 July 2016, However, she has been critical of the media focusing on her fashion instead of her achievements as a politician.NEWS, BBC News,weblink Theresa May: My Life as a female MP, 17 June 2009, 15 July 2016, live,weblink" title="">weblink 18 August 2017, May was diagnosed with diabetes mellitus of type 1 in November 2012. She is treated with daily insulin injections.WEB,weblink Theresa May: "Type 1 doesn't change what you can do",, 7 November 2014, 4 July 2016, live,weblink 20 August 2016,

Titles, honours and awards

Styles of address

  • 1956–1980: Miss Theresa Mary Brasier
  • 1980–1997: Mrs Theresa Mary May
  • 1997–2003: Mrs Theresa Mary May {{postnom|MP|country=GBR}}
  • 2003–present: The Rt Hon Theresa Mary May {{postnom|MP|country=GBR}}



Prior to and since her appointment to Government, May has actively supported a variety of campaigns on policy issues in her constituency and at the national level of politics. She has spoken at the Fawcett Society promoting the cross-party issue of gender equality. She is the Patron of Reading University Conservative Association, in Berkshire (the county of her Maidenhead constituency).WEB,weblink Friends, Reading University Conservative Association,weblink" title="">weblink 3 July 2013, dead, 30 November 2012, Her activism has earned her a number of awards.She was nominated as one of the Society's Inspiring Women of 2006.WEB,weblink Fawcett Society, Fawcett Society,weblink" title="">weblink 22 August 2010, dead, 16 September 2010, In February 2013, BBC Radio 4's Woman's Hour described her as Britain's second-most powerful woman after Queen Elizabeth II.WEB,weblink Woman's Hour – The Power List 2013, BBC Radio 4,weblink" title="">weblink 15 February 2013, live, In 2001 She was made a Liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Marketors.WEB,weblink Congratulations to our Liveryman the Prime Minister | Worshipful Company of Marketors, On 30 November 2014, May was awarded an Honorary Doctorate from the World Sikh University.NEWS,weblink UK Home Secretary Theresa May lauds role of Sikh soldiers during World War, 30 November 2014, The Times of India, 16 December 2018, In September 2017, she was listed by Forbes as the second most powerful woman in the world, behind Angela Merkel.WEB,weblink The World's 100 Most Powerful Women,weblink 20 September 2017, live, 9 November 2017, On 30 August 2018 she was awarded honorary citizenship of Abuja in Nigeria.WEB, THERESA MAY CONFERRED WITH ABUJA CITIZENSHIP,weblink Uche, Bruno, Verbatim, August 30, 2018, July 31, 2019, /

See also



External links

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