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The New Republic
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{{Other uses|New Republic (disambiguation)}}{{Use mdy dates|date=June 2016}}







factoids
| editor_title = Editor-in-Chief| editor2 = Chris Lehmann | frequency = 10 per yearTITLE=AT THE NEW REPUBLIC, EVEN FIRINGS ENTER THE DIGITAL AGEACCESSDATE=MARCH 23, 2013THE NEW YORK TIMES>DATE=MARCH 22, 2013, | circulation_year = 2013| category = Editorial magazine| publisher = Kerrie Gillis | firstdate = November 7, 1914| country = United States| based = New York City, New York| language = English| website = {{Official URL}}| eissn = 2169-2416| issn = 0028-6583}}The New Republic is an American magazine of commentary on politics and the arts, published since 1914, with influence on American political and cultural thinking. Founded in 1914 by leaders of the progressive movement, it attempted to find a balance between a humanitarian progressivism and an intellectual scientism, and ultimately discarded the latter.Nuechterlein, James A. The Dream of Scientific Liberalism: The "New Republic" and American Progressive Thought, 1914-1920. The Review of Politics Vol. 42, No. 2 (Apr., 1980), pp. 167-190. Cambridge University Press for the University of Notre Dame du Lac. Through the 1980s and '90s, the magazine incorporated elements of "Third Way" neoliberalism and conservatism.BOOK, David, Seideman, The New Republic: A Voice of Modern Liberalism, 1988, In 2014, two years after Chris Hughes, a co-founder of Facebook, purchased the magazine, he ousted its editor and attempted to remake its format, operations, and partisan stances, provoking the resignation of the majority of its editors and writers. In early 2016, Hughes announced he was putting the magazine up for sale, indicating the need for "new vision and leadership".WEB, The New Republic’s Next Chapter,weblink Medium.com, January 12, 2016, NEWS, The New Republic Is for Sale Again,weblink The New York Times, January 11, 2016, January 12, 2016, 0362-4331, Ravi, Somaiya, It was sold in February 2016 to Win McCormack.WEB,weblink The New Republic is sold by Facebook co-founder Chris Hughes, Byers, Dylan, CNNMoney, CNN, February 27, 2016,

Political views

Domestically, The New Republic as of 2011 supported a largely modern liberal stance on fiscal and social issues,NEWS,weblink The New York Times, The Vanishing Neoliberal, March 11, 2007, June 10, 2012, David, Brooks, according to former editor Franklin Foer, who stated that it "invented the modern usage of the term 'liberal', and it's one of our historical legacies and obligations to be involved in the ongoing debate over what exactly liberalism means and stands for."NEWS,weblink Seelye, K. Q., New Republic Cuts Back, but Bulks Up Its Image, The New York Times, February 24, 2007, November 30, 2007, As of 2004, however, some, like Anne Kossedd and Steven Rendall, contended that it was not as liberal as it had been before 1974.WEB,weblink Kosseff, Anne, Steve, Rendall, September–October 2004, Not Even the New Republic, Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting, The magazine's outlook was formerly associated with the Democratic Leadership Council and "New Democrats" such as former US President Bill Clinton and Connecticut Senator Joseph Lieberman, who received the magazine's endorsement in the 2004 Democratic primary. The magazine endorsed Barack Obama in the 2008 general election.WEB,weblink Obama for President by The Editors, Prior to 2014, while defending federal programs like Medicare and the EPA, it advocated some policies that, while seeking to achieve the ends of traditional social welfare programs, often used market solutions as their means, and so were often called "business-friendly". Typical of some of the policies supported by both The New Republic and the DLC during the 1990s were increased funding for the Earned Income Tax Credit program and reform of the Federal welfare system, and supply-side economics, especially the idea of reducing higher marginal income tax rates, which received heavy criticism from senior editor Jonathan Chait.NEWS, Chait, J., September 10, 2007, Feast of the Wingnuts: How economic crackpots devoured American politics, The New Republic, 237, 27–31, In its current incarnation, The New Republic is strongly in favor of universal health care. On certain high-profile social issues, such as its support of same-sex marriage, The New Republic could be considered more progressive than the mainstream of the Democratic Party establishment. In its March 2007 issue, The New Republic ran an article by Paul Starr (co-founder of the magazine's main rival, The American Prospect) where he provided a definition of modern democratic liberalism:Liberalism wagers that a state... can be strong but constrained – strong because constrained... Rights to education and other requirements for human development and security aim to advance equal opportunity and personal dignity and to promote a creative and productive society. To guarantee those rights, liberals have supported a wider social and economic role for the state, counterbalanced by more robust guarantees of civil liberties and a wider social system of checks and balances anchored in an independent press and pluralistic society.NEWS,weblink War and Liberalism; Why power is not the enemy of freedom, Starr, Paul, March 5, 2007, The New Republic, The New Republic does not focus solely on domestic policy, as it also brings analysis and commentary of various international affairs.WEB
,weblink
, The New Republic
, News & Politics Magazines
, March 17, 2014, Support for Israel was a strong theme in The New Republic under Martin Peretz, the former owner of The New Republic: "Support for Israel is deep down an expression of America's best view of itself."JOURNAL,weblink Alterman, Eric, My Marty Peretz Problem – And Ours, The American Prospect, June 18, 2007, July 3, 2007, According to journalism professor Eric Alterman:
Nothing has been as consistent about the past 34 years of The New Republic as the magazine's devotion to Peretz's own understanding of what is good for Israel... It is really not too much to say that almost all of Peretz's political beliefs are subordinate to his commitment to Israel's best interests, and these interests as Peretz defines them almost always involve more war.Unsigned editorials prior to the 2003 invasion of Iraq expressed strong support for military action, citing the threat of weapons of mass destruction as well as humanitarian concerns. Since the end of major military operations, unsigned editorials, while critical of the handling of the war, have continued to justify the invasion on humanitarian grounds, but no longer maintain that Iraq's WMD facilities posed any threat to the United States. In the November 27, 2006 issue, the editors wrote:At this point, it seems almost beside the point to say this: The New Republic deeply regrets its early support for this war. The past three years have complicated our idealism and reminded us of the limits of American power and our own wisdom.NEWS,weblinkweblink yes, November 17, 2006, Obligations, November 27, 2006, The New Republic, November 18, 2006, On June 23, 2006, in response to criticism of the magazine from the blog Daily Kos, Martin Peretz wrote the following as a summary of The New Republic{{'}}s stances on then-recent issues:NEWS,weblink A Message from The New Republic's Lieberman-Loving NeoCon Owner, Peretz, Martin, June 23, 2006, The New Republic,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20061101094820weblink">weblink November 1, 2006, yes, October 29, 2006, Martin Peretz, mdy-all, The magazine has also published two articles concerning income inequality, largely criticizing conservative economists for their attempts to deny the existence or negative effect increasing income inequality is having on the United States. In its May 2007 issue the magazine ran an editorial pointing to the humanitarian beliefs of liberals as being responsible for the recent plight of the American left. In another article The New Republic favorably cited the example of Denmark as evidence that an expansive welfare state and high tax burden can be consistent with, and in some ways contribute to, a strong economy.JOURNAL, Cohn, Jonathan, Jonathan Cohn, January 1, 2007
, Great Danes
, The New Republic
, 13–17, Such editorials and articles exemplify the liberal political orientation of The New Republic.

History

Early years

The New Republic was founded by Herbert Croly, Walter Lippmann, and Walter Weyl through the financial backing of heiress Dorothy Payne Whitney and her husband, Willard Straight, who maintained majority ownership. The magazine's first issue was published on November 7, 1914. The magazine's politics were liberal and progressive, and as such concerned with coping with the great changes brought about by middle-class reform efforts designed to remedy the weaknesses in America's changing economy and society. The magazine is widely considered important in changing the character of liberalism in the direction of governmental interventionism, both foreign and domestic. Amongst the most important of these was the emergence of the U.S. as a great power on the international scene. In 1917, TNR urged America's entry into the Great War on the side of the Allies.One consequence of World War I was the Russian Revolution of 1917. During the inter-war years, the magazine was generally positive in its assessment of the Soviet Union and Joseph Stalin. However, the magazine changed its position after the Cold War began in 1947, and in 1948 its leftist editor, Henry A. Wallace, departed to run for president on the Progressive ticket. After Wallace, TNR moved toward positions more typical of mainstream American liberalism. Throughout the 1950s, the publication was critical of both Soviet foreign policy and domestic anti-communism, particularly McCarthyism. During the 1960s, the magazine opposed the Vietnam War, but was also often critical of the New Left.Up until the late 1960s, the magazine had a certain "cachet as the voice of re-invigorated liberalism", in the opinion of commentator Eric Alterman. He has criticized the magazine's politics from the left. That cachet, Alterman wrote, "was perhaps best illustrated when the dashing, young President Kennedy had been photographed boarding Air Force One holding a copy".

Peretz ownership and eventual editorship, 1974–1979

In March 1974, the magazine was purchased for $380,000 by Martin Peretz, a lecturer at Harvard University.WEB, Peretz, Martin, Three Decades of The New Republic,weblink March 12, 2007, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070313202808weblink">weblink March 13, 2007, from Gilbert Harrison. Peretz was a veteran of the New Left who had broken with that movement over its support of various Third World liberationist movements, particularly the Palestine Liberation Organization. Peretz transformed TNR into close to its current form. Under his ownership, TNR has advocated both strong U.S. support for the Israeli government and a hawkish U.S. foreign policy. On domestic policy, it has advocated a self-critical brand of liberalism, taking positions that range from traditionally liberal to neoliberalism. It has generally supported Democratic candidates for president, although in 1980 it endorsed the moderate Republican John B. Anderson, running as an independent, rather than the Democratic incumbent Jimmy Carter.Harrison continued editing the magazine, expecting Peretz to let him continue running the magazine for three years. But by 1975, when Peretz became annoyed at having his own articles rejected for publication while he was pouring money into the magazine to cover its losses, he fired Harrison. Much of the staff, including Walter Pincus, Stanley Karnow, and Doris Grumbach, was either fired or quit, being replaced largely by recent Harvard graduates lacking in journalistic experience. Peretz became the editor and served in that post until 1979. As other editors have been appointed, Peretz has remained editor-in-chief.

Kinsley and Hertzberg editorships, 1979–1991

Michael Kinsley, a neoliberal (in the American sense of the term), was editor (1979–1981; 1985–1989), alternating twice with Hendrik Hertzberg (1981–1985; 1989–1991), who has been called "an old-fashioned social democrat".{{Citation needed|date=March 2012}} Kinsley was 28 years old when he first became editor, and was still in law school.Writers for the magazine during this era included neoliberals Mickey Kaus and Jacob Weisberg along with Charles Krauthammer, Fred Barnes, Morton Kondracke, Sidney Blumenthal, Robert Kuttner, Ronald Steel, Michael Walzer, and Irving Howe.During the 1980s the magazine generally supported President Ronald Reagan's anti-Communist foreign policy, including provision of aid to the Nicaraguan Contras. It has also supported both Gulf Wars and, reflecting its belief in the moral efficacy of American power, intervention in "humanitarian" crises, such as those in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo during the Yugoslav wars.The magazine became known for its originality and unpredictability in the 1980s. It was widely considered a "must read" across the political spectrum. An article in Vanity Fair judged TNR "the smartest, most impudent weekly in the country," and the "most entertaining and intellectually agile magazine in the country." According to Alterman, the magazine's prose could sparkle and the contrasting views within its pages were "genuinely exciting". He added, "The magazine unarguably set the terms of debate for insider political elites during the Reagan era."With the less predictable opinions, more of them leaning conservative than before, the magazine won the respect of many conservative opinion leaders. Twenty copies were sent by messenger to the Reagan White House each Thursday afternoon. Norman Podhoretz called the magazine "indispensable", and George Will said it was "currently the nation's most interesting and most important political journal." National Review described it as "one of the most interesting magazines in the United States."Credit for its quality and popularity was often attributed to Kinsley, whose wit and critical sensibility were seen as enlivening a magazine that had for many years been more conventional in its politics, and Hertzberg, a writer for The New Yorker and speechwriter for Jimmy Carter.Hertzberg and Kinsley alternated as editor and as the author of the magazine's lead column, "TRB from Washington". Its perspective was described as left-of-center in 1988.Stephenson, D. Grier Jr., Bresler, Robert J., Freidrich, Robert J., Karlesky, Joseph J., editors, American Government, New York: Harper & Row, 1988, {{ISBN|0-06-040947-9}}, pp. 166, 171A final ingredient that led to the magazine's increased stature in the 1980s was its "back of the book" or literary, cultural and arts pages, which were edited by Leon Wieseltier. Peretz discovered Wieseltier, then working at Harvard's Society of Fellows, and put him in charge of the section. Wieseltier reinvented the section along the lines of The New York Review of Books, allowing his critics, many of them academics, to write longer, critical essays instead of simple book reviews. Alterman calls the selection of Wieseltier "probably [...] Peretz's single most significant positive achievement" in running the magazine. During other changes of editors, Wieseltier remained as cultural editor. Under him the section was "simultaneously erudite and zestful," according to Alterman, who added, "Amazingly, a full generation later, it still sings."

Sullivan editorship, 1991–1996

In 1991, Andrew Sullivan, a 28-year-old, gay, self-described conservative from Britain, became editor. He took the magazine in a somewhat more conservative direction, though the majority of writers remained liberal or neo-liberal. Hertzberg soon left the magazine to return to The New Yorker. Kinsley left the magazine in 1996 to found the online magazine Slate.In 1994, Sullivan invited Charles Murray to contribute a 10,000-word article, excerpted from his coauthored book The Bell Curve. The article, which contended that "African Americans score differently from whites on standardized tests of cognitive ability" proved to be very controversial; it was published in a special issue together with many responses and critiques.WEB,weblink Race, Genes and I.Q. — An Apologia, Herrnstein, Charles Murray and Richard, 1994-10-31, New Republic, 2016-08-21, The magazine also published a very critical article by Elizabeth McCaughey about the Clinton Administration's health care plan, commonly known as "Hillarycare" due to its close association with First Lady Hillary Clinton. Alterman described this article as "dishonest, misinformed", and "the single most influential article published in the magazine during the entire Clinton presidency", while James Fallows of The Atlantic noted the article's inaccuracies and said that "The White House issued a point-by-point rebuttal, which The New Republic did not run. Instead it published a long piece by McCaughey attacking the White House statement."NEWS,weblink A Triumph of Misinformation, Fallows, James, January 1995, The Atlantic, May 19, 2017, Sullivan also published a number of pieces by Camille Paglia.Ruth Shalit, a young writer for the magazine in the Sullivan years, was repeatedly criticized for plagiarism. After the Shalit scandals, the magazine began using fact-checkers during Sullivan's time as editor. One was Stephen Glass. When later working as a reporter, he was later found to have made up quotes, anecdotes and facts in his own articles. (These events were later dramatized in the feature film Shattered Glass, adapted from a 1998 report by H.G. Bissinger.).

Kelly, Lane, Beinart, Foer, Just editorships, 1996–2012

After Sullivan stepped down in 1996, David Greenberg and Peter Beinart served jointly as Acting Editors. After the 1996 election, Michael Kelly served as editor for a year. During his tenure as editor and afterward, Kelly, who also wrote the TRB column, was intensely critical of President Clinton. Writer Stephen Glass had been a major contributor under Kelly's editorship; Glass was later shown to have falsified and fabricated numerous stories, which was admitted by The New Republic after an investigation by Kelly's successor, Charles Lane. Kelly had consistently supported Glass during his tenure, including sending scathing letters to those challenging the veracity of Glass's stories.Bissinger, H.G. (September 1998). "Shattered Glass". Vanity Fair.Chuck Lane held the editor's position between 1997 and 1999. During Lane's tenure, the Stephen Glass scandal occurred. Peretz has written that Lane ultimately "put the ship back on its course," for which Peretz said he was "immensely grateful." But Peretz later fired Lane, who learned of his ouster when a Washington Post reporter called him for a comment.Peter Beinart, a third editor who took over when he was 28 years old, followed Lane. He served as editor from 1999 to 2006.Franklin Foer took over from Beinart in March 2006. In the magazine's first editorial under Foer, it said "We've become more liberal … We've been encouraging Democrats to dream big again on the environment and economics [...]". Foer is the brother of novelist Jonathan Safran Foer, author of Everything Is Illuminated (2002).Other prominent writers who edited or wrote for the magazine in these years include senior editor and TRB columnist Jonathan Chait, Lawrence F. Kaplan, John Judis and Spencer Ackerman.In 2005, TNR created its blog, called The Plank, which is written by Michael Crowley, Franklin Foer, Jason Zengerle, and other TNR staff. The Plank is meant to be TNR's primary blog, replacing the magazine's first three blogs, &c., Iraq'd, and Easterblogg. The Stump, TNR's blog on the 2008 Presidential Election was created in October 2007.The magazine remained well known, with references to it occasionally popping up in popular culture. Lisa Simpson was once portrayed as a subscriber to The New Republic for Kids. Matt Groening, The Simpsons' creator, once drew a cover for TNR.The New Republic, November 9, 1992 Issue, content overview at UNZ.org In the pilot episode of the HBO series Entourage, which first aired on July 18, 2004, Ari Gold asks Eric Murphy: "Do you read The New Republic? Well, I do, and it says that you don't know what the fuck you're talking about."

Peretz sells remaining shares, then buys magazine back from CanWest

Until February 2007, The New Republic was owned by Martin Peretz, New York financiers Roger Hertog and Michael Steinhardt, and Canadian media conglomerate Canwest.NEWS
, David, Carr
, Franklin Foer Is Named Top Editor of New Republic
, February 28, 2006
, The New York Times
,weblink
, January 20, 2007,
In late February 2007, Peretz sold his share of the magazine to CanWest, which announced that a subsidiary, CanWest Media Works International, had acquired a full interest in the publication. Peretz retained his position as editor-in-chief.NEWS
, Seelye
, Katharine Q.
, New Republic's Editor in Chief Sells His Share of the Magazine
, The New York Times
, Section C, Pg. 2
, February 28, 2007
,
In March 2009, Peretz and a group of investors, led by former Lazard executive Laurence Grafstein and that also included Michael Atler,WEB,weblink Michael Alter Joins Investor Group to Purchase The New Republic, Alter NOW, August 27, 2009, April 2, 2012, bought the magazine back from CanWest, which was teetering on the edge of bankruptcy. Frank Foer continued as editor—the person responsible for the day-to-day management of the magazine—and Peretz remained editor-in-chief.NEWS, Calderone, Michael, Peretz, investors buying back TNR, Politico, March 9, 2009,

New format

Starting with the March 19, 2007 issue, the magazine implemented major changes:
  • Decreased frequency: the magazine went to publishing twice a month, or 24 times a year. This replaced the old plan of publishing 44 issues a year. The magazine described its publication schedule as "biweekly," with specified "skipped publication dates." There were ten of these in 2010.
  • New design and layout: Issues featured more visuals, new art and other "reader friendly" content. Warnock typeface throughout were accented by woodcut-style illustrations.
  • More pages and bigger size: Issues are bigger and contain more pages.
  • Improved paper: Covers and pages became sturdier.
  • Increased newsstand price: Although the subscription prices did not change, the newsstand price increased from $3.95 to $4.95.
  • Website redesign: The website offered more daily content and new features.NEWS,weblink The New Republic, Frequency Change FAQ, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070227123518weblink">weblink February 27, 2007, NEWS, Katharine Q. Seelye,weblink New York Times, New Republic Cuts Back, but Bulks Up Its Image, February 24, 2007, February 25, 2007, Richard Just took over as editor of the magazine on December 8, 2010.

Chris Hughes ownership and editorial crisis, 2012–2016

On March 9, 2012, Chris Hughes, co-founder of Facebook, was introduced as the New Republic's majority owner and Editor-in-Chief.NEWS, Byers, Dylan,weblink New Republic owner, editor: Chris Hughes, Politico, March 9, 2012, April 3, 2012, Under Hughes, the magazine became less focused on "The Beltway", with more cultural coverage and attention to visuals. It stopped running an editorial in every issue. Media observers noted a less uniformly pro-Israel tone in the magazine's coverage (in contrast to its editorial stance during Marty Peretz's ownership).NEWS,weblink A Bastion for Israel, Seething Inside, Schluesser, Jennifer, February 28, 2014, The New York Times, March 1, 2014, On December 4, 2014, Gabriel Snyder, previously of Gawker and Bloomberg, replaced Franklin Foer as editor. The magazine was reduced from twenty issues per year to ten and the editorial offices would move from Penn Quarter, Washington DC to New York, where it would be reinvented as a “vertically integrated digital-media company.” NEWS,weblink Inside the Collapse of The New Republic, The New Yorker, These changes provoked a major crisis among the publication's editorial staff and contributing editors. The magazine’s literary editor, Leon Wieseltier, resigned in protest. Subsequent days brought many more resignations, including those of executive editors Rachel Morris and Greg Veis; nine of the magazine’s eleven active senior writers; legal-affairs editor Jeffrey Rosen; the digital-media editor; six culture writers and editors; and thirty-six out of thirty-eight contributing editors (including Paul Berman, Jonathan Chait, William Deresiewicz, Ruth Franklin, Anthony Grafton, Enrique Krauze, Ryan Lizza, Sacha Z. Scoblic, Helen Vendler, Sean Wilentz). In all, two-thirds of the names on the editorial masthead were gone.The mass resignations forced the magazine to suspend its December 2014 edition. Previously a weekly for most of its history, immediately before suspension it was published 10 times per yearNEWS,weblink Shakeup at The New Republic: Foer, Wieseltier out; mag moves to N.Y., Byers, Dylan, December 4, 2014, Politico, December 4, 2014, with a circulation of approximately 50,000. The company went back to publishing twenty issues a year, and editor Gabriel Snyder worked with staff to reshape it.In the wake of the editorial crisis, Hughes indicated that he intended to stay with The New Republic over the long term, telling an NPR interviewer of his desire to make sure the magazine could produce quality journalism "hopefully for decades to come".WEB,weblink 'New Republic' Owner Defends Strategy Shift That Led Many To Quit, NPR.org, 2016-08-21, He published an open letter about his "commitment" to give the magazine "a new mandate for a new century."WEB,weblink The New Republic’s Next Chapter, Hughes, Chris, 2016-01-11, Medium, 2016-08-21, But on January 11, 2016, Hughes put The New Republic up for sale.NEWS,weblink The New Republic Is for Sale Again, Somaiya, Ravi, January 11, 2016, January 13, 2016, The New York Times, In another open letter, he said, "After investing a great deal of time, energy, and over $20 million, I have come to the conclusion that it is time for new leadership and vision at The New Republic."WEB,weblink The New Republic's Next Chapter, January 11, 2016, Medium, Hughes, Chris,

Win McCormack ownership, 2016 to present

In February 2016, Win McCormack bought the magazine from Hughes, naming Eric Bates, the former executive editor of Rolling Stone, as editor. In September 2017, Bates resigned to become editor at large. J.J. Gould then served as editor through December 2018. In November 2017, Hamilton Fish V, the publisher since McCormack's acquisition of the magazine, resigned amid allegations of workplace misconduct.WEB,weblink Publisher Of The New Republic Resigns Amid Harassment Allegations, Jason, Cherkis, Jessica, Schulberg, November 3, 2017, Huff Post, Kerrie Gillis was named publisher in February 2019 NEWS,weblink Former New York Times Executive Kerrie Gillis Joins The New Republic as Publisher, Release, Press, 2019-02-22, The New Republic, 2019-02-25, 0028-6583, Chris Lehmann, formerly the editor in chief of The Baffler,WEB,weblink Chris Lehmann, The Baffler, was named editor in March 2019.

Circulation

Print circulation in the 2000s

The New Republic's average paid circulation for 2009 was 53,485 copies per issue, a decline of over 47 percent since 2000.{{update after|2014|12|27}}{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"|+The New Republic average monthly paid circulation! Year !! Avg paid circ !! % Change! 2000WEB,weblink Circulation for all ABC Magazines, 2001 v 2000, Magazine Publishers of America, March 12, 2007, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20061212030203weblink">weblink December 12, 2006, mdy-all, |! 2001| −13.0! 2002WEB,weblink Circulation for all ABC Magazines, 2002 v 2001, Magazine Publishers of America, March 12, 2007, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070416075500weblink">weblink April 16, 2007, mdy-all, | −3.8! 2003WEB,weblink Circulation for all ABC Magazines, 2003 v 2002, Magazine Publishers of America, March 12, 2007, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070415041553weblink">weblink April 15, 2007, mdy-all, | −25.8! 2004WEB,weblink Circulation for all ABC Magazines, 2004 v 2003, Magazine Publishers of America, March 12, 2007, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070417060219weblink">weblink April 17, 2007, mdy-all, | −2.3! 2005WEB,weblink Circulation for all ABC Magazines, 2005 v 2004, Magazine Publishers of America, March 12, 2007, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070316033426weblink">weblink March 16, 2007, mdy-all, | +0.2! 2006WEB,weblink Circulation for all ABC Magazines, 2006 v 2005, Magazine Publishers of America, March 12, 2007, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110526231951weblink">weblink May 26, 2011, mdy-all, | −1.2! 2007WEB,weblink The State of the News Media: Magazines: Opinion Titles, Journalism.org, April 18, 2008, | −2.0! 2008WEB,weblink The State of the News Media: Magazines: Opinion Titles, Journalism.org, April 18, 2008, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100327012254weblink">weblink March 27, 2010, mdy-all, | +9.0! 2009| −18.0! 2010WEB,weblink The State of the News Media: Magazines: Opinion Titles, Journalism.org, April 2, 2011, | NRThe New Republic's last reported circulation numbers to media auditor BPA Worldwide were for the six months ending on June 30, 2009.

Online

According to Quantcast, the TNR website received roughly 120,000 visitors in April 2008, and 962,000 visitors in April 2012. By June 9, 2012, the TNR website's monthly page visits dropped to 421,000 in the U.S. and 521,000 globally.See Tnr.com weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120609203042weblink">Traffic and Demographic Statistics by Quantcast (retrieved April 16, 2014). As of April 16, 2014, the TNR website's Quantcast webpage contains the following messages: "This publisher has not implemented Quantcast Measurement. Data is estimated and not verified by Quantcast...," and "We do not have enough information to provide a traffic estimate...," and "Traffic data unavailable until this site becomes quantified."See Traffic and Demographic Statistics by Quantcast {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140417155609weblink |date=April 17, 2014 }} (retrieved April 16, 2014) Demographically, data show that visitors tend to be well educated (76% being college graduates, with 33% having a graduate degree), relatively affluent (55% having a household income of over $60,000 and 31% having a six figure income), white (83%), and more likely to be male (61%). Eighty two percent were at least 35 years old with 38% being over the age of 50.WEB,weblink April 2012, U.S. Demographics, June 2, 2008,weblink April 17, 2014, yes, mdy-all,

Controversies

Michael Straight

New Republic editor Michael Whitney Straight (1948 to 1956) was later discovered to be a spy for the KGB, recruited into the same network as Donald Maclean, Guy Burgess, Kim Philby, and Anthony Blunt.Nigel West and Oleg Tsarev, The Crown Jewels: The British Secrets at the Heart of the KGB Archives (London: HarperCollins, 1998; New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), pg., 130. Straight's espionage activities began at Cambridge during the 1930s; he later claimed that they ceased during World War II. Later, shortly before serving in the Kennedy administration, he revealed his past ties and turned in fellow spy Anthony Blunt. In return for his cooperation, his own involvement was kept secret and he continued to serve in various capacities for the US Government until he retired. Straight admitted his involvement in his memoirs; however, subsequent documents obtained from the former KGB after the fall of the Soviet Union indicated that he drastically understated the extent of his espionage activities.Straight, Michael (1983). After Long Silence. New York: Norton.NEWS,weblink Michael Straight, The Daily Telegraph, London, January 17, 2004, April 2, 2012,

Ruth Shalit plagiarism

In 1995, writer Ruth Shalit was fired for repeated incidents of plagiarism and an excess of factual errors in her articles.NEWS,weblink Diversity Had Nothing to Do With Reporter's Deceit, May 13, 2003, October 29, 2006, The Washington Post,

Stephen Glass scandal

In 1998, features writer Stephen Glass was revealed in a Forbes Digital investigation to have fabricated a story called "Hack Heaven". A TNR investigation found that most of Glass' stories had used or been based on fabricated information. The story of Glass' fall and TNR editor Chuck Lane's handling of the scandal was dramatized in the 2003 film Shattered Glass, based on a 1998 article in Vanity Fair.NEWS, Shattered Glass, September 1998, Vanity Fair, Bissinger, Buzz,

Lee Siegel

In 2006, long-time contributor, critic, and senior editor Lee Siegel, who had maintained a blog on the TNR site dedicated primarily to art and culture, was revealed by an investigation to have collaborated in posting comments to his own blog under an alias aggressively praising Siegel, attacking his critics and claiming not to be Lee Siegel when challenged by an anonymous detractor on his blog.NEWS,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070929122147weblink">weblink September 29, 2007, Coda to Kincaid, The New Republic (blog), August 25, 2006, January 20, 2007, WEB
,weblink
, Franklin Foer Apologizes...
, DeLong, Brad
, September 1, 2006, January 20, 2007
, The blog was removed from the website and Siegel was suspended from writing for the print magazine.WEB
,weblink
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20071011182134weblink">weblink
, October 11, 2007, An Apology to Our Readers, The New Republic, Franklin, Foer
, January 20, 2007
, He resumed writing for TNR in April 2007. Siegel was also controversial for his coinage "blogofascists" which he applied to "the entire political blogosphere", though with an emphasis on leftwing or center-left bloggers such as Daily Kos and Atrios.NEWS,weblink Il.Duce.blogspot.com, The New Republic, Siegel, Lee, July 28, 2006, January 17, 2007, yes,weblink January 10, 2007,

Spencer Ackerman

In 2006, associate editor Spencer Ackerman was fired by editor Franklin Foer. Describing it as a "painful" decision, Foer attributed the firing to Ackerman's "insubordination": disparaging the magazine on his personal blog,WEB
,weblink
, Too Hot For TNR, Ackerman, Spencer
, January 17, 2007, saying that he would "skullfuck" a terrorist's corpse at an editorial meeting if that was required to "establish his anti-terrorist bona fides" and sending Foer an e-mail where he said—in what according to Ackerman was intended to be a joke—he would “make a niche in your skull” with a baseball bat. Ackerman, by contrast, argued that the dismissal was due to “irreconcilable ideological differences.” He believed that his leftward drift as a result of the Iraq War and the actions of the Bush administration was not appreciated by the senior editorial staff.NEWS,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070107140114weblink">weblink January 7, 2007, Off The Record, October 30, 2006, December 31, 2006, New York Observer, Calderone, Michael, Within 24 hours of being fired by The New Republic, Ackerman was hired as a senior correspondent for a rival magazine, The American Prospect.

Scott Thomas Beauchamp controversy

In July 2007, after The New Republic published an article by an American soldier in Iraq titled "Shock Troops", allegations of inadequate fact-checking were leveled against the magazine. Critics alleged that the piece contained inconsistent details indicative of fabrication. The identity of the anonymous soldier, Scott Thomas Beauchamp, was revealed. Beauchamp was married to Elspeth Reeve, one of the magazine's three fact-checkers. As a result of the controversy, the New Republic and the United States Army launched investigations, reaching different conclusions.NEWS, Kurtz, Howard,weblink Army Private Discloses He Is New Republic's Baghdad Diarist, The Washington Post, July 27, 2007, April 2, 2012, Story, Louise (July 24, 2007). "Doubts Raised by 'Baghdad Diarist'". The New York Times.NEWS, Goldfarb, Michael,weblink Fact or Fiction?, the Weekly Standard, Washington DC, July 18, 2007, April 2, 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120331121056weblink">weblink March 31, 2012, yes, mdy-all, In an article titled "The Fog of War", published on December 1, 2007, Franklin Foer wrote that the magazine could no longer stand behind the stories written by Beauchamp.NEWS,weblink Fog of War, yes, The New Republic, Foer, Franklin, December 10, 2007,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20071211194043weblink">weblink December 11, 2007, NEWS,weblink The Washington Post, New Republic Disavows Iraq Diarist's Reports, Howard, Kurtz, December 4, 2007, May 25, 2010,

Leon Wieseltier controversy

On October 24, 2017, Leon Wieseltier, a former literary editor at The New Republic (from 1983 until his resignation in 2014), admitted to “offenses against some of my colleagues in the past” after several women accused him of sexual harassment and inappropriate advances.NEWS,weblink Leon Wieseltier Admits ‘Offenses’ Against Female Colleagues as New Magazine Is Killed, Schuessler, Jennifer, 2017-10-24, The New York Times, 2017-10-24, en-US, 0362-4331,

Editors

  1. Herbert Croly (1914–1930)
  2. Bruce Bliven (1930–1946)
  3. Henry A. Wallace (1946–1948)
  4. Michael Straight (1948–1956)
  5. Gilbert A. Harrison (1956–1975)
  6. Martin Peretz (1975–1979)
  7. Michael Kinsley (1979–1981; 1985–1989)
  8. Hendrik Hertzberg (1981–1985; 1989–1991)
  9. Andrew Sullivan (1991–1996)
  10. Michael Kelly (1996–1997)
  11. Charles Lane (1997–1999)
  12. Peter Beinart (1999–2006)
  13. Franklin Foer (2006–2010; 2012–2014)
  14. Richard Just (2010–2012)
  15. Gabriel Snyder (2014–2016)
  16. Eric Bates (2016–2017)
  17. J.J. Gould (2017–2018)
  18. Chris Lehmann (2019–current)
Before Wallace's appointment in 1946, the masthead listed no single editor in charge but gave an editorial board of four to eight members. Walter Lippmann, Edmund Wilson, and Robert Morss Lovett, among others, served on this board at various times. The names given above are the first editor listed in each issue, always the senior editor of the team.

Notable contributors

1910s–1940s

1943–1983

1950s–1970s

1980s–1990s

1990s–present

References

{{reflist}}

Primary sources

  • Groff Conklin, ed. New Republic Anthology: 1914–1935, 1936.
  • Cowley Malcolm. And I Worked at the Writer's Trade 1978.
  • Wickenden, Dorothy (1994). The New Republic Reader. {{ISBN|0-465-09822-3}}

Secondary sources

  • Mott Frank L. A History of American Magazines. Vol. 3. Harvard University Press, 1960.
  • Seideman; David. The New Republic: A Voice of Modern Liberalism 1986
  • Steel Ronald. Walter Lippmann and the American Century 1980

External links

{{Authority control}}

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