The Atlantic

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The Atlantic
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{{About||the ocean|Atlantic Ocean|other uses|Atlantic (disambiguation)}}{{short description|Magazine and multi-platform publisher based in Washington, D.C.}}{{Use mdy dates|date=January 2019}}

Moses Dresser PhillipsFrancis H. Underwood>Ralph Waldo Emerson|Henry Wadsworth Longfellow}}The Atlantic Monthly)| company = Emerson Collective| country = United StatesWashington, D.C.HTTPS://WWW.THEATLANTIC.COM/PAST/DOCS/ABOUT/ATLFAQF.HTMWEBSITE=THE ATLANTIC, July 21, 2016, American English>Englishweblink}}| issn = 1072-7825| eissn = 2151-9463}}The Atlantic is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher. It was founded in 1857 in Boston, Massachusetts as The Atlantic Monthly, a literary and cultural commentary magazine that published leading writers' commentary on the abolition of slavery, education, and other major issues in contemporary political affairs. Its founders included Francis H. UnderwoodNEWS, Encyclopaedia of the Essay, Chevalier, Tracy, 2012, The Atlantic Monthly American magazine, 1857, "The Atlantic Monthly was founded in Boston in 1857 by Francis Underwood (an assistant to the publisher..."NEWS, A History of the Atlantic Monthly, 1857-1909, Sedgwick, Ellery, 2009, 3, and prominent writers Ralph Waldo Emerson, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and John Greenleaf Whittier.BOOK, The Letters of John Greenleaf Whittier, Whittier, John Greenleaf, 2, 1975, 318, "...however, was the founding of the Atlantic Monthly in 1857. Initiated by Francis Underwood and with Lowell as its first editor, the magazine had been sponsored and organized by Lowell, Emerson, Holmes, and Longfellow. "BOOK, Goodman, Susan, Republic of Words: The Atlantic Monthly and Its Writers, 2011, 90, James Russell Lowell was its first editor.NEWS,weblink The Atlantic {{!, History, Ownership, & Facts|work=Encyclopedia Britannica|access-date=August 24, 2017|language=en}} It was also known for publishing literary pieces by leading writers.After experiencing financial hardship and undergoing several ownership changes in the late 20th century, the magazine was purchased by businessman David G. Bradley, who refashioned it as a general editorial magazine primarily aimed at a target audience of serious national readers and "thought leaders."JOURNAL,weblink The Atlantic, Home page, October 7, 2010, In 2010, The Atlantic posted its first profit in a decade.NEWS, Peters, Jeremy W.,weblink Web Focus Helps Revitalize The Atlantic, The New York Times, December 12, 2010, March 26, 2012, In 2016 the periodical was named Magazine of the Year by the American Society of Magazine Editors.NEWS,weblink The American Society of Magazine Editors Crowns The Atlantic Magazine of the Year at Ellies, Steigrad, Alexandra, February 2, 2016, WWD, April 26, 2017, In July 2017, Bradley sold a majority interest in the publication to Laurene Powell Jobs's Emerson Collective.NEWS, White, Gillian B., Emerson Collective Acquires Majority Stake in The Atlantic,weblink July 28, 2017, The Atlantic, July 28, 2017, NEWS,weblink Laurene Powell Jobs is buying the Atlantic magazine, Recode, September 17, 2018, NEWS,weblink Laurene Powell Jobs - Politico 50 2018, Politico, September 17, 2018, Its website,, provides daily coverage and analysis of breaking news, politics and international affairs, education, technology, health, science, and culture. The editor of the website is Adrienne LaFrance. The Atlantic also houses an editorial events arm, AtlanticLIVE; Atlantic Re:think, its creative marketing team; and Atlantic 57, a creative agency and consulting firm. The Atlantic{{'}}s president is Bob Cohn.

Its beginnings

In the autumn of 1857, Boston publisher Moses Dresser Phillips determined to create and publish the Atlantic Monthly. This plan was launched in a dinner-party, as described in a letter by Phillips:James Russell Lowell and His Friends, by Edward Everett Hale, Houghton Mifflin & Co., 1898, pages 154-159.
"I must tell you about a little dinner-pary I gave about two weeks ago. It would be proper, perhaps, to state the origin of it was a desire to confer with my literary friends on a somewhat extensive literary project, the particulars of which I shall reserve till you come. But to the Party: My invitations included only R. W. Emerson, H. W. Longfellow, J. R. Lowell, Mr. Motley (the 'Dutch Republic' man), O. W. Holmes, Mr. Cabot, and Mr. Underwood, our literary man. Imagine your uncle as the head of such a table, with such guests. The above named were the only ones invited, and they were all present. We sat down at three P.M., and rose at eight. The time occupied was longer by about hour hours and thirty minutes than I am in the habit of consuming in that kind of occupation, but it was the richest time intellectually by all odds that I have ever had. Leaving myself and 'literary man' out of the group, I think you will agree with me that it would be difficult to duplicate that number of such conceded scholarship in the whole country besides.... Each one is known alike on both sides of the Atlantic, and is read beyond the limits of the English language."
At that dinner he announced his idea for a magazine:Hale, op. cit.
"Mr. Cabot is much wiser than I am. Dr. Holmes can write funnier verses than I can. Mr. Motley can write history better than I. Mr. Emerson is a philosopher and I am not. Mr. Lowell knows more of the old poets than I. But none of you knows the American people as well as I do."
The Atlantic's first issue was published in November 1857, and quickly gained fame as one of the finest magazines in the English-speaking world.

Literary history

(File:Battle Hymn of the Republic.jpg|right|thumb|First publication of "Battle Hymn of the Republic")A leading literary magazine, The Atlantic has published many significant works and authors. It was the first to publish pieces by the abolitionists Julia Ward Howe ("Battle Hymn of the Republic" on February 1, 1862), and William Parker, whose slave narrative, "The Freedman's Story" was published in February and March 1866. It also published Charles W. Eliot's "The New Education", a call for practical reform, that led to his appointment to presidency of Harvard University in 1869; works by Charles Chesnutt before he collected them in The Conjure Woman (1899); and poetry and short stories, helping launch many national literary careers.{{citation needed|date=March 2014}} For example, Emily Dickinson, after reading an article in The Atlantic by Thomas Wentworth Higginson, asked him to become her mentor.{{citation needed|date=March 2014}} In 2005, the magazine won a National Magazine Award for fiction.WEB, Esquire Wins 2005 National Magazine Award,weblink April 13, 2005, (File:1873 AtlanticMonthly TremontSt Boston.png|thumb|left|Atlantic Monthly office, Ticknor & Fields, 124 Tremont Street, Boston, ca.1868Boston Directory, 1868.)The magazine published many of the works of Mark Twain, including one that was lost until 2001.{{citation needed|date=March 2014}} Editors have recognized major cultural changes and movements. For example, of the emerging writers of the 1920s, Ernest Hemingway had his short story "Fifty Grand" published in the July 1927 edition. In the midst of civil rights activism in the 20th century, the magazine published Martin Luther King, Jr.'s defense of civil disobedience in "Letter from Birmingham Jail" in August 1963.WEB,weblink Martin Luther King's 'Letter From Birmingham Jail', The Editors, April 16, 2013, The Atlantic, 212, 2, 78–88, yes,weblink December 2, 2017, The magazine has published speculative articles that inspired the development of new technologies. The classic example is Vannevar Bush's essay "As We May Think" (July 1945), which inspired Douglas Engelbart and later Ted Nelson to develop the modern workstation and hypertext technology.WEB, Reingold, Howard, Tools For Thought Chapter 9: The Loneliness of a Long-Distance Thinker,weblink Tools for Thought, January 29, 2018, 1985, WEB, Dalakov, Georgi, The MEMEX of Vannevar Bush,weblink The History of Computers, January 29, 2018, The Atlantic Monthly founded the Atlantic Monthly Press in 1917; for many years, it was operated in partnership with Little, Brown and Company. Its published books included Drums Along the Mohawk (1936) and Blue Highways (1982). The press was sold in 1986; today it is an imprint of Grove Atlantic.NEWS, 0362-4331, Cohen, Roger, THE MEDIA BUSINESS; Small House to Buy Atlantic Monthly Press, The New York Times, May 13, 2018, June 24, 1991,weblink In addition to publishing notable fiction and poetry, The Atlantic has emerged in the 21st century as an influential platform for longform storytelling and newsmaker interviews. Influential cover stories have included Anne Marie Slaughter's "Why Women Still Can't Have It All" (2012) and Ta-Nehisi Coates's "Case for Reparations" (2014).WEB,weblink 'The Atlantic's' Ta-Nehisi Coates Builds 'A Case For Reparations',, April 26, 2017, In 2015, Jeffrey Goldberg's "Obama Doctrine" was widely discussed by American media and prompted response by many world leaders.NEWS,weblink Obama Criticizes the ‘Free Riders’ Among America’s Allies, Landler, Mark, March 10, 2016, The New York Times, April 26, 2017, 0362-4331, As of 2017, writers and frequent contributors to the print magazine include James Fallows, Jeffrey Goldberg, Ta-Nehisi Coates, Molly Ball, Caitlin Flanagan, James Hamblin, Julia Ioffe, Jonathan Rauch, McKay Coppins, Rosie Gray, Gillian White, Adrienne LaFrance, Vann Newkirk, Derek Thompson, David Frum, Peter Beinart, and James Parker.


(File:Atlantic Monthly 1857.png|thumb|right|The cover of the original issue of The Atlantic, November 1, 1857)Until recent decades, The Atlantic was known as a distinctively New England literary magazine (as opposed to Harper's and later The New Yorker, both published in New York City). It achieved a national reputation and was important to the careers of many American writers and poets.{{citation needed|date=March 2014}} By its third year, it was published by the noted Boston publishing house Ticknor and Fields (later to become part of Houghton Mifflin{{citation needed|date=March 2014}}), based in the city known for literary culture. The magazine was purchased in 1908 by its then editor, Ellery Sedgwick, but remained in Boston.In 1980, the magazine was acquired by Mortimer Zuckerman, property magnate and founder of Boston Properties, who became its chairman. On September 27, 1999, Zuckerman transferred ownership of the magazine to David G. Bradley, owner of the National Journal Group, which focused on news of Washington, D.C., and government. Bradley had promised that the magazine would stay in Boston for the foreseeable future, as it did for the next five and a half years.In April 2005, however, the publishers announced that the editorial offices would be moved from their longtime home at 77 North Washington Street in Boston to join the company's advertising and circulation divisions in Washington, D.C.NEWS,weblink Atlantic, 148-year institution, leaving city: Magazine of Twain, James, Howells heads to capital, April 15, 2005, Mehegan, David, Mark, Feeney, The Boston Globe, Later in August, Bradley told the New York Observer that the move was not made to save money—near-term savings would be $200,000–$300,000, a relatively small amount that would be swallowed by severance-related spending—but instead would serve to create a hub in Washington where the top minds from all of Bradley's publications could collaborate under the Atlantic Media Company umbrella. Few of the Boston staff agreed to move, and Bradley embarked on an open search for a new editorial staff.NEWS, Atlantic owner scours country for cinder-editor, New York Observer, August 29 – September 5, 2005, In 2006, Bradley hired James Bennet as editor-in-chief; he had been the Jerusalem bureau chief for The New York Times. He also hired writers, including Jeffrey Goldberg and Andrew Sullivan.NEWS,weblink The Atlantic's Owner Ponies Up, Howard, Kurtz, Howard Kurtz, August 6, 2007, The Washington Post, August 18, 2007, Jay Lauf joined the organization as publisher and vice-president in 2008; as of 2017, he was publisher and president of Quartz.JOURNAL,weblink Atlantic masthead, The Atlantic, October 7, 2010, Bennet and Bob Cohn became co-presidents of The Atlantic in early 2014, and Cohn became the publication's sole president in March 2016 when Bennet was tapped to lead the New York Times editorial page.WEB,weblink Bob Cohn Named Sole President of The Atlantic; James Bennet to Leadership Post at New York Times, NEWS,weblink James Bennet Will Lead Editorial Page at New York Times, March 14, 2016, The New York Times, May 29, 2018, en-US, 0362-4331, Jeffrey Goldberg was named editor in chief in October 2016.WEB,weblink Jeffrey Goldberg Named Editor in Chief of The Atlantic, On July 28, 2017, The Atlantic announced that multi-billionaire investor and philanthropist Laurene Powell Jobs (the widow of former Apple Inc. chairman and CEO Steve Jobs) had acquired majority ownership through her Emerson Collective organization, with a staff member of Emerson Collective, Peter Lattman, being immediately named as The Atlantic's vice chairman. David G. Bradley and Atlantic Media retained a minority share position in this sale.WEB,weblink Laurene Powell Jobs's Organization to Take Majority Stake in The Atlantic, Sydney, Ember, July 28, 2017, The New York Times,


Throughout its history, The Atlantic has been reluctant to recommend candidates in elections. In 1860, three years into publication, The Atlantic's then-editor James Russell Lowell endorsed Republican Abraham Lincoln for his first run for president and also endorsed the abolition of slavery.Lowell, James Russell, "The Election in November", The Atlantic, November 1860.In 1964, 104 years later, Edward Weeks wrote on behalf of the editorial board in endorsing Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson and rebuking Republican Barry Goldwater's candidacy.Weeks, Edward, "The 1964 Election", The Atlantic, November 1964.In 2016, the editorial board endorsed a presidential candidate, Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton, for the third time since the magazine's founding, in a rebuke of Republican Donald Trump's candidacy."Against Donald Trump", The Atlantic, November 2016. After the election, the magazine has become a strong critic of President Trump. The March 2019 cover article by editor Yoni Appelbaum formally calls for the impeachment of Donald Trump: "It's time for Congress to judge the president's fitness to serve."NEWS, Appelbaum, Yoni, Impeach Donald Trump,weblink 17 January 2019, The Atlantic, The Atlantic calls for impeachment as mainstream media continues to lead charge against Trump Fox NewsWEB,weblink 'Impeach': The Atlantic's March cover makes the case for Trump's impeachment, Business Insider, January 17, 2019, January 17, 2019,

Format, publication frequency, and name

The magazine, subscribed to by over 500,000 readers, publishes ten times a year.NEWS,weblink Media Talk: This Summer, It's the Atlantic Not-Monthly, Alex, Kuczynski, May 7, 2001, The New York Times, October 7, 2010, A change of name was not officially announced when the format first changed from a strict monthly (appearing 12 times a year) to a slightly lower frequency. It was a monthly magazine for 144 years until 2001 when it published eleven issues; it has published ten issues yearly since 2003. It dropped "Monthly" from the cover beginning with the January/February 2004 issue, and officially changed the name in 2007. The Atlantic features articles in the fields of politics, foreign affairs, business and the economy, culture and the arts, technology, and science.WEB,weblink The Atlantic, The Atlantic, en-US, April 26, 2017, On January 22, 2008, dropped its subscriber wall and allowed users to freely browse its site, including all past archives.JOURNAL,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, May 9, 2008, Editors' Note, The Atlantic, October 7, 2010, By 2011 The Atlantic{{'}}s web properties included, a news- and opinion-tracking site launched in 2009,NEWS,weblink Exclusive: Ex-Gawker Guy Snyder to Head Atlantic Wire, New Manhattan Staff, January 31, 2011, Summers, Nick, The New York Observer, March 26, 2012, and, a stand-alone website started in 2011 that was devoted to global cities and trends.NEWS,weblink The Atlantic Debuts, FOLIO Magazine, September 15, 2011, Welton, Caysey, March 26, 2012, According to a Mashable profile in December 2011, "traffic to the three web properties recently surpassed 11 million uniques per month, up a staggering 2500% since The Atlantic brought down its paywall in early 2008."NEWS,weblink Inside The Atlantic: How One Magazine Got Profitable by Going 'Digital First', December 19, 2011, Mashable, Indvik, Lauren, March 26, 2012, In December 2011, a new Health Channel launched on, incorporating coverage of food, as well as topics related to the mind, body, sex, family, and public health. Its launch was overseen by Nicholas Jackson, who had previously been overseeing the Life channel and initially joined to cover technology.NEWS,weblink 'The Atlantic' Continues Expansion With Health Channel, AdWeek, March 26, 2012, December 13, 2011, Moses, Lucia, has also expanded to visual storytelling, with the addition of the "In Focus" photo blog, curated by Alan Taylor.NEWS,weblink January 19, 2011, Kaufman, Rachel, Alan Taylor Jumps to The Atlantic, Media Bistro's Media Jobs Daily, March 27, 2012, In 2011 it created its Video Channel.NEWS,weblink The Atlantic Launches a Video Aggregator With a Twist, All Things D., Kafka, Peter, August 4, 2011, March 27, 2012, Initially created as an aggregator, The Atlantic's Video component, Atlantic Studios, has since evolved in an in-house production studio that creates custom video series and original documentaries.NEWS,weblink The Atlantic Adapts: A Legendary Magazine Meets Online Video - Streaming Media Magazine, Dreier, Troy, Streaming Media Magazine, April 26, 2017, In 2015, launched a dedicated Science sectionNEWS,weblink Science Has a New Home on, Andersen, Ross, The Atlantic, April 26, 2017, en-US, and in January 2016 it redesigned and expanded its politics section in conjunction with the 2016 U.S. presidential race.NEWS,weblink The Atlantic Launches Politics and Policy Expansion, The Atlantic, April 26, 2017, en-US,

The Wire

The Wire (previously known as The Atlantic Wire) was a sister site of that aggregated news and opinions from online, print, radio, and television outlets.NEWS,weblink Media Decoder Blog (The New York Times), Atlantic Hits the Wire With Lots of Opinions, September 16, 2009, Carr, David, NEWS,weblink Mashable, What's Next for The Atlantic Wire, Indvik, Lauren, February 2, 2012, NEWS,weblink Columbia Journalism Review, September 16, 2009, Garber, Megan, More on The Atlantic: Wire They Aggregating?, When The Atlantic Wire launched in 2009, it curated op-eds from across the media spectrum and summarized significant positions in each debate. Expanded to encompass news and original reporting, regular features include "What I Read", showcasing the media diets of individuals from the worlds of entertainment, journalism, and politics, and "Trimming the Times",JOURNAL,weblink Garber, Megan, 'Trimming the Times': The Atlantic Wire's new feature wants you to make the most of your 20 clicks, Nieman Journalism Lab, April 1, 2011, March 26, 2012, a summary of the feature editor's choices of the best content in The New York Times. The Atlantic Wire rebranded itself as The Wire in November 2013.WEB,weblink Politico, Pompeo, Joe, 'Atlantic Wire' relaunches as 'The Wire', December 3, 2013, {{dead link|date=June 2019}}WEB, Bazilian, Emma,weblink Adweek, The Atlantic Wire Relaunches as The Wire, November 19, 2013, December 3, 2013, The Wire was folded back into The Atlantic in 2014.NEWS,weblink The Atlantic shuts down The Wire, September 22, 2014, Poynter, April 26, 2017, en-US,


{{Redirect|CityLab|the biotechnology laboratory|Boston University School of Medicine#Clinical affiliates||CityLab (disambiguation)}}CityLab (formerly The Atlantic Cities) is the latest expansion of The Atlantic{{'}}s digital properties, launched in September 2011. The stand-alone site has been described as exploring and explaining "the most innovative ideas and pressing issues facing today's global cities and neighborhoods."NEWS,weblink The Atlantic Cities,, March 26, 2012, The site was co-founded as The Atlantic Cities by Richard Florida, urban theorist and professor. In 2014, it was rebranded as Today,'s coverage areas include design, politics, crime, and housing. Among its offerings are Navigator, "a guide to urban life," and CityFixer, which curates solutions-based stories around a dozen topics.PRESS RELEASE, Introducing All Things Urban, from The Atlantic,weblink The Atlantic, May 16, 2014, May 17, 2014, In 2015, CityLab partnered with Univision to launch CityLab Latino, which features original journalism in Spanish as well as translated reporting from,weblink Bienvenidos a Miami: The Atlantic and Univision are bringing CityLab to Spanish-language audiences, Nieman Lab, April 26, 2017,

The Aspen Ideas Festival

In 2005, The Atlantic and the Aspen Institute launched the Aspen Ideas Festival, a ten-day event in and around the city of Aspen, Colorado.NEWS,weblink The Manifest Destiny of The Atlantic, DeVries, Tom Searcy and Henry, Forbes, May 29, 2018, en, The annual conference features 350 presenters, 200 sessions and 3,000 attendees. The event has been called a "political who's who" as it often features policymakers, journalists, lobbyists and think tank leaders.NEWS,weblink Aspen Ideas a political who's who, Politico, May 29, 2018, en,


In June 2006, the Chicago Tribune named The Atlantic one of the top ten English-language magazines, describing it as "a gracefully aging ... 150-year-old granddaddy of periodicals" because "it keeps us smart and in the know" with cover stories on the then-forthcoming fight over Roe v. Wade. It also lauded regular features such as "Word Fugitives" and "Primary Sources" as "cultural barometers.""50 Best Magazines," Chicago Tribune, June 15, 2006.On January 14, 2013, The Atlantic{{'}}s website published "sponsor content" promoting David Miscavige, the leader of the Church of Scientology. While the magazine had previously published advertising looking like articles, this one was widely criticized. The page comments were moderated by the marketing team, not by editorial staff, and comments critical of the church were being removed. Later that day, The Atlantic removed the piece from its website and issued an apology.Statement from The Atlantic, Natalie Raabe.Wemple, Erik, "The Atlantic's Scientology problem, start to finish", The Washington Post blog, January 15, 2013.Stelter, Brian, and Christine Haughney, "The Atlantic Apologizes for Scientology Ad", January 15, 2013, The New York Times.

List of editors

See also



External links

{{Commons category|The Atlantic Monthly}}{{Wikisource|The Atlantic Monthly}} {{Atlantic Media}}{{Authority control}}

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