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Terrence Malick
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factoids
|birth_place=Ottawa, Illinois, U.S.|death_date=|death_place=|occupation=Film director, screenwriter, producer|residence=Austin, Texas, U.S.|years_active=1969–present|spouse=Jill Jakes (1970–1976)Michèle Morette (1985–98)Alexandra Wallace (1998–present)|alma_mater=Harvard UniversityMagdalen College, OxfordAFI Conservatory}}Terrence Frederick Malick ({{IPAc-en|ˈ|m|æ|l|ɪ|k}}; born November 30, 1943)NEWS,weblink Jason, Ankeny, All Movie Guide / Rovi via The New York Times, May 25, 2010, Terrence Malick – Biography – Movies & TV, is an American film director, screenwriter, and producer.Malick began his career as part of the New Hollywood film-making wave with the films Badlands (1973), about a murderous couple on the run in the American badlands, and Days of Heaven (1978),BOOK, Hill, Derek, 2008, The Movie Brats: Hollywood Regeneration, Charlie Kaufman and Hollywood's Merry Band of Pranksters, Fabulists and Dreamers: An Excursion Into the American New Wave, Oldcastle Books, 184243392X, which detailed the love-triangle between two labourers and a wealthy farmer, before a lengthy hiatus. He returned to directing with films such as The Thin Red Line (1998) and The Tree of Life (2011), being awarded the Golden Bear at the 49th Berlin International Film Festival and the Palme d'Or at the 64th Cannes Film Festival, respectively.Malick's films have been noted for exploring themes such as individual transcendence, nature, and conflicts between reason and instinct. They are typically marked by broad philosophical and spiritual overtones, as well as the use of meditative voice-overs from individual characters. The stylistic elements of the director's work have inspired divided opinions among film scholars and audiences; some praised his films for their cinematography and aesthetics, while others found them lacking in plot and character development. His first five films have nonetheless ranked highly in retrospective decade-end and all-time polls.

Early life

Terrence Malick was born in Ottawa, Illinois.NEWS, Solomons, Jason, Terrence Malick: The return of cinema's invisible man,weblink 6 July 2014, The Observer, The Guardian, 2 July 2011, WEB, Walsh, David, A horrible state of war,weblink www.wsws.org, World Socialist Website, 6 July 2014, He is the son of Irene (née Thompson; 1912–2011)WEB,weblink Bartlesville resident Irene Malick, mother of filmmaker, dead at 99; services today, Examiner Enterprise, Bartlesville, December 21, 2011, February 27, 2012, and Emil A. Malick (1917–2013),WEB,weblink Emil A. Malick Obituary: View Emil Malick's Obituary by Examiner-Enterprise, Legacy.com, 2014-05-22, a geologist.BOOK, Michaels, Lloyd, Terrence Malick,weblink revised, 2009, University of Illinois Press, 0-252-07575-7, 14, His paternal grandparents were Assyrian Christian immigrants from LebanonBOOK,weblink Terrence Malick: Film and Philosophy, Tucker, Thomas Deane, Kendall, Stuart, Bloomsbury, 2011, 9781441148957, BOOK,weblink One Big Soul: An Oral History of Terrence Malick, Jr, Paul Maher, 2015-02-07, Lulu Press, Inc, 9781312887442, and Urmia, in what is now modern day Iran.WEB, ZINDA,weblink ZENDA – February 1, 1999, Zindamagazine.com, March 18, 2017, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110527125451weblink">weblink May 27, 2011, mdy-all, WEB, Eric Benson,weblink The Not-So-Secret Life of Terrence Malick, TexasMonthly, March 15, 2017, Malick attended St. Stephen's Episcopal School in Austin, Texas, while his family lived in Bartlesville, Oklahoma.NEWS, Solomons, Jason, Terrence Malick: The return of cinema's invisible man,weblink July 3, 2011, The Observer, July 3, 2011, Malick had two younger brothers: Chris and Larry. Larry Malick was a guitarist who went to study in Spain with Andrés Segovia in the late 1960s. In 1968, Larry intentionally broke his own hands due to pressure over his musical studies{{Citation needed|reason=Reliable source needed for the whole sentence|date=December 2016}}. Their father Emil went to Spain to help Larry, but his son died shortly after, apparently committing suicide.Biskind, Peter. Easy Riders, Raging Bulls, Simon and Schuster, 1998. pp.248–249. The early death of Malick's younger brother has been explored and referenced in his films The Tree of Life (2011) and Knight of Cups (2015).NEWS, Terrence Malick's Personal Period,weblink Slate, 2013-04-13, 2016-02-10, 1091-2339, en-US, Forrest, Wickman, WEB, Berlinale 2015. Dialogues: Terrence Malick's "Knight of Cups" on Notebook {{!, MUBI|url=https://mubi.com/notebook/posts/berlinale-2015-dialogues-terrence-malicks-knight-of-cups|website=mubi.com|access-date=2016-02-10}}Malick received a A.B. in philosophy from Harvard College, graduating summa cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa in 1965. He did graduate work at Magdalen College, Oxford, as a Rhodes Scholar. After a disagreement with his advisor, Gilbert Ryle, over his thesis on the concept of world in Kierkegaard, Heidegger, and Wittgenstein, Malick left Oxford without a degree.BOOK,weblink Terrence Malick: Film and Philosophy, Tucker, Thomas Deane, Kendall, Stuart, Bloomsbury, 2011, 9781441148957, In 1969, Northwestern University Press published Malick's translation of Heidegger's Vom Wesen des Grundes as The Essence of Reasons.After returning to the United States, Malick taught philosophy at Massachusetts Institute of Technology while freelancing as a journalist. He wrote articles for Newsweek, The New Yorker, and Life.NEWS,weblink USA Today, The Terrence Malick file, Scott, Bowles, December 16, 2005, May 25, 2010,

Film career

Early career

Malick started his film career after earning an MFA from the AFI Conservatory in 1969, directing the short film Lanton Mills. At the AFI, he established contacts with people such as actor Jack Nicholson, longtime collaborator Jack Fisk, and agent Mike Medavoy, who procured for Malick freelance work revising scripts. He wrote early uncredited drafts of Dirty Harry (1971) and Drive, He Said (1971), and is credited with the screenplay for Pocket Money (1972).WEB, Scott B.,weblink IGN: Featured Filmmaker: Terrence Malick, Movies.ign.com, February 19, 2002, January 2, 2011, Malick was also co-writer of The Gravy Train (1974), under the pseudonym David Whitney. After one of his screenplays, Deadhead Miles, was made into what Paramount Pictures believed was an unreleasable film, Malick decided to direct his own scripts.

1970s

Badlands

File:Terrence malickddd.jpg|thumb|right|Malick during production of Badlands (1973)]]Malick's first feature-length work as a director was Badlands, an independent film starring Martin Sheen and Sissy Spacek as a young couple on a crime spree in the 1950s Midwest. It was influenced by the crimes of convicted teenage spree killer Charles Starkweather. Malick raised half of the budget by approaching people outside of the industry, including doctors and dentists, and by contributing $25,000 from his personal savings. The rest was raised by executive producer Edward R. Pressman.WEB, Gilbey, Ryan,weblink The start of something beautiful, The Guardian, 22 August 2008, {{citation|last=Walker|first=Beverly|url=http://www.eskimo.com/~toates/malick/art6.html|title=Malick on Badlands|work=Sight and Sound|series=44|issue=2|pages=82–83|date=Spring 1975|via=Eskimo North}} After a troubled production that included many crew members leaving halfway through the shoot, Badlands drew raves upon its premiere at the New York Film Festival. As a result, Warner Bros. bought distribution rights for three times its budget.NEWS, Jeff Stafford, Jeff, Stafford, Badlands,weblink Turner Classic Movies, 2008, October 19, 2010,

Days of Heaven

File:Malick, Days of Heaven.jpg|thumb|Malick during production of Days of HeavenDays of HeavenMalick's second film was the Paramount-produced Days of Heaven, about a love triangle that develops in the farm country of the Texas Panhandle in the early 20th century. Production began in the fall of 1976 in Alberta, Canada. The film was mostly shot during the magic hour, with primarily natural light. Much like Malick's first feature, Days of Heaven had a lengthy and troubled production, with several members of the production crew quitting before shooting was finished, mainly due to disagreements over Malick's idiosyncratic directorial style.WEB,weblink Only in the 70s: Days of Heaven (1978), February 26, 2015, March 25, 2017, The film likewise had a troubled post-production phase, as Billy Weber and Malick spent two years editing, during which they experimented with unconventional editing and voice-over techniques once they realized the picture they had set out to make would not fully work.Biskind, Peter. Easy Riders, Raging Bulls, Bloomsbury, 1998. pp.296–297.Days of Heaven was finally released in 1978 to mostly positive responses from critics.WEB,weblink Terrence Malick's Days of Heaven, Museum of Modern Art, December 16, 2016, BOOK,weblink Terrence Malick: Film and Philosophy, Tucker, Thomas Deane, Kendall, Stuart, Bloomsbury, 2011, 9781441148957, Its cinematography was widely praised, although some found its story lackluster.NEWS, Eng, Monica, Days of Heaven, The Chicago Tribune, October 9, 1978,weblink December 16, 2016, "Some critics have complained that the "Days of Heaven" story is too slight."WEB,weblink Days of Heaven Movie Review & Film Summary (1978), Ebert, Roger, December 7, 1997, In The New York Times, Harold C. Schonberg wrote that it "is full of elegant and striking photography; and it is an intolerably artsy, artificial film."WEB,weblink Movie Review – Days of Heaven, Schonberg, Harold C., The Washington Post, September 14, 1978, However, it later won the Academy Award for Best Cinematography and the prize for Best Director at the 1979 Cannes Film Festival. Days of Heaven has since grown in stature,WEB,weblink The Terrence Malick Retrospective: Days of Heaven, Runyon, Christopher, Movie Mezzanine, March 28, 2013, December 16, 2016, "[...] you simply can’t take up a list of "rediscovered classics" without mentioning Terrence Malick's follow-up to Badlands [...]" having been voted one of the 50 greatest American films ever made in a 2015 critics' poll published by BBC.WEB,weblink The 100 greatest American films, BBC, July 20, 2015, October 19, 2016,

Hiatus

Following the release of Days of Heaven, Malick began developing a project for Paramount, titled Q, that explored the origins of life on earth. During pre-production, he suddenly moved to Paris and disappeared from public view for years.NEWS, Biskind, Peter, The Runaway Genius, Vanity Fair, August 1999,weblink October 20, 2010, During this time, he wrote a number of screenplays, including The English Speaker, about Josef Breuer's analysis of Anna O.; adaptations of Walker Percy's novel The Moviegoer and Larry McMurtry's The Desert Rose; a script about Jerry Lee Lewis; and a stage adaptation of the Japanese film Sansho the Bailiff which was to be directed by Polish filmmaker Andrzej Wajda, in addition to continuing work on the Q script.NEWS, Gillis, Joe, Waiting for Godot, Los Angeles (magazine), Los Angeles, December 1995, Although Q has never been made, Malick's work for the project provided material for his later film The Tree of LifeWEB,weblink The Tree of Life, Time Out New York, May 24, 2011, May 27, 2011, and eventually became the basis for Voyage of Time. Jack Fisk, a longtime production designer on the director's films, said that Malick was shooting film during this time as well.WEB,weblink Ebiri, Blige, Thirty-Three Years of Principal Filming, New York magazine, May 23, 2011, 84–85,

Return to cinema

The Thin Red Line

Malick returned to directing with The Thin Red Line, a work released two decades after his previous film. A loose adaptation of James Jones' World War II novel of the same name, it features a large ensemble cast including Sean Penn, Adrien Brody, and George Clooney. Filming took place predominantly in the Daintree Rainforest in Queensland, Australia, and the Solomon Islands.WEB,weblink The War Within, March 25, 2017, The film received strongly positive reviews from critics,WEB,weblink The Thin Red Line, Rotten Tomatoes, May 29, 2011, WEB,weblink The Thin Red Line Reviews, Metacritic, October 22, 2016, was nominated for seven Academy Awards, and won the Golden Bear at the 49th Berlin International Film Festival.WEB,weblink Berlinale: 1999 Prize Winners, February 4, 2012, berlinale.de, The Thin Red Line has since been ranked among the best films of the 1990s in Complex,MAGAZINE,weblink The 50 Best Movies of the '90s, Complex, June 22, 2013, June 28, 2017, The A.V. Club,WEB,weblink The 50 best films of the ’90s (2 of 3), The A.V. Club, October 9, 2012, June 28, 2017, Slant,MAGAZINE,weblink The 100 Best Films of the 1990s, Slant, November 5, 2012, June 28, 2017, Paste,MAGAZINE,weblink The 90 Best Movies of the 1990s, Dunaway, Michael, Paste, July 10, 2012, June 28, 2017, and Film Comment.MAGAZINE,weblink Film Comment's Best of the Nineties Poll: Part Two, Film Comment, 2000, June 28, 2017,

The New World

After learning of Malick's work on an article about Che Guevara during the 1960s, Steven Soderbergh offered Malick the chance to write and direct a film about Guevara that he had been developing with Benicio del Toro. Malick accepted and produced a screenplay focused on Guevara's failed revolution in Bolivia.NEWS, Taubin, Amy, Guerrilla Filmmaking on an Epic Scale, Film Comment, September–October 2008,weblink May 17, 2011, After a year and a half, the financing had not come together entirely, and Malick was given the opportunity to direct The New World,NEWS, Nancy, Tartaglione,weblink Malick's Che decision deals morale-denting blow to indie sector, Screen Daily, March 10, 2004, October 20, 2010, a script he had begun developing in the 1970s.WEB,weblink Film, Philosophy and Terrence Malick, David Sterritt, David, Sterritt, July 2006, Undercurrents, International Federation of Film Critics, FIPRESCI, October 20, 2010, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101029173810weblink">weblink October 29, 2010, mdy-all, He left the Guevara project in March 2004, and Soderbergh took over as director, leading to the film Che (2008). The New World, which featured a romantic interpretation of the story of John Smith and Pocahontas in the Virginia Colony, was released in 2005. Over one million feet of film were shot, and three different cuts of varying lengths were released.While the film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Cinematography, critical reception was divided throughout its theatrical run; many praised its visuals and acting while finding its narrative unfocused.WEB,weblink The New World Movie Reviews, Pictures, Rotten Tomatoes, January 2, 2011, However, The New World was later named by five critics as one of the best films of its decade,WEB,weblink Film Critics Pick the Best Movies of the Decade, Metacritic, January 3, 2010, October 22, 2016, and appeared in 39th place on a 2016 BBC poll of the greatest films since 2000.WEB,weblink The 21st century's 100 greatest films, BBC, August 23, 2016, October 9, 2016,

2010s

File:Terrence Malick, tree of life premier.jpg|thumb|Malick at the Cannes Film Festival premiere of The Tree of Life]]

The Tree of Life

Malick's fifth feature, The Tree of Life, was filmed in Smithville, Texas, and elsewhere during 2008. Starring Brad Pitt, Jessica Chastain, and Sean Penn, it is a family drama spanning multiple time periods; it focuses on an individual's struggle to reconcile love, mercy and beauty with the existence of illness, suffering and death. It premiered at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival,WEB,weblink Festival de Cannes: Official Selection, April 14, 2011, Cannes, where it won the Palme d'Or. Reviews after its Cannes premiere, however, were mixed; many critics felt it had commendable qualities but found it cumbersome and overindulgent as a film.BOOK, Carruthers, Lee, 117, Doing Time: Temporality, Hermeneutics, and Contemporary Cinema, Deep Time, 2016, SUNY Press, 1438460872, It later won the FIPRESCI Award for the Best Film of the Year. At the 84th Academy Awards, it was nominated for three awards, including the Academy Award for Best Picture, Best Director for Malick, and Best Cinematography for Emmanuel Lubezki. A limited theatrical release in the United States began on May 27, 2011.{{citation needed|date=August 2016}}Over time, The Tree of Life{{'}}s critical standing improved; Malick scholars Christopher B. Barnett and Clark J. Elliston wrote that it became "arguably [Malick's] most acclaimed work". It was voted the 79th greatest American film of all time in a 2015 BBC Culture poll of 62 international film critics.WEB,weblink The 100 greatest American films, BBC, July 20, 2015, The work was also ranked the seventh-greatest film since 2000 in a worldwide critics' poll by BBC.

To the Wonder

Malick's sixth feature, To the Wonder,WEB,weblink To The Wonder rating, Filmratings.com, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170303201646weblink">weblink March 3, 2017, mdy-all, was shot predominantly in Bartlesville, Oklahoma; a few scenes were filmed in Pawhuska, Oklahoma and at the Tulsa Port of Catoosa.WEB,weblink Wonder Based on Malick's Romantic Past, Jeffrey, Wells, August 19, 2012, hollywood-elsewhere.com, September 30, 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120922163640weblink">weblink September 22, 2012, mdy-all, The film stars Ben Affleck, Rachel McAdams, Olga Kurylenko, and Javier Bardem.WEB,weblink 'Untitled' Malick film is official, shooting in Bartlesville, Laura, Summers, October 5, 2010, Tulsaworld.com, January 2, 2011, To the Wonder had its world premiere at the 69th Venice International Film Festival on September 2, 2012, and opened theatrically in the United States on April 12, 2013. Critical response to the film was markedly divided, and the work has been described as "arguably [Malick's] most derided".BOOK, Barnett, Christopher B., Elliston, Clark J., Theology and the Films of Terrence Malick, 2016, Routledge, 1317588274, Preface, The New World encountered a split reception upon its release in 2005. And yet, as will be mentioned later, the film has grown in stature with time ... Malick followed The Tree of Life, arguably his most acclaimed film, with To the Wonder, arguably his most derided one ... It is too early, then, to analyze the reception of Knights of Cups, though early indications are that, like To the Wonder, critical response will be wildly inconsistent.,weblink January 30, 2017,

Knight of Cups and Song to Song

File:Malick and Bale.jpg|left|thumb|Malick and Christian Bale at Austin City Limits filming for Song to SongSong to SongOn November 1, 2011, Filmnation Entertainment announced international sales for Malick's next two projects: Lawless (now titled Song to Song) and Knight of Cups. Both films feature large ensemble casts, with many of the actors crossing over into both films. The films were shot back-to-back in 2012, with Song to Song primarily shot in Austin, Texas, and Knight of Cups in Los Angeles and Las Vegas.WEB, FilmNation Entertainment, FilmNation continues relationship with Terrence Malick on two new films,weblink November 1, 2011, November 3, 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20111103105823weblink">weblink November 3, 2011, mdy-all, During the weekend of September 16, 2011, Malick and a small crew were seen filming Christian Bale and Haley Bennett at the Austin City Limits Music Festival as part of preliminary shooting for Song to Song.WEB, IndieWire, November 10, 2011, November 4, 2011,weblink Set Pics of Ryan Gosling & Rooney Mara Shooting Terrence Malick's 'Lawless', Kevin, Jagernauth, Malick was also seen directing Ryan Gosling and Rooney Mara at the Fun Fun Fun Fest on November 4, 2011.WEB,weblink Brooklyn Vegan, November 10, 2011, November 5, 2011, new Terrence Malick movie being filmed at Fun Fun Fun Fest (Ryan Gosling included), Knight of Cups had its world premiere at the Berlin International Film Festival in February 2015, and was met with mixed reactions.WEB, "Awful!" vs. Applause: Terrence Malick's Knight of Cups {{!, Filmmaker Magazine|first=Andrew|last=Grant|url=http://filmmakermagazine.com/93036-awful-vs-applause-terrence-malicks-knight-of-cups/|work=Filmmaker|date=February 9, 2016|accessdate=February 10, 2016}}WEB, Knight of Cups: Look, But Don’t Touch,weblink Film Inquiry, Alex, Lines, November 19, 2015, February 10, 2016, WEB,weblink Berlinale 2015: Malick, Dresen, Greenaway and German in Competition, www.berlinale.de, December 15, 2014, January 30, 2017, It was released in the United States on March 4, 2016, by Broad Green Pictures.WEB,weblink Terrence Malick's Knight of Cups sets 2016 release date, Entertainment Weekly, Andrea, Towers, July 23, 2015, January 30, 2017, Song to Song had its world premiere at South by Southwest on March 10, 2017, before being released theatrically in the United States on March 17, 2017, by Broad Green Pictures, and has been met with mixed reactions.WEB,weblink Terrence Malick’s ‘Song To Song’ To Open SXSW 2017, Deadline Hollywood, Ross, A. Lincoln, January 5, 2017, January 30, 2017, WEB,weblink ‘Song to Song’ First Look: Terrence Malick's Austin-Set Romantic Drama Lands New Title and Official Premise (Exclusive), IndieWire, Michael, Nordine, January 3, 2017, January 30, 2017,

Voyage of Time

Concurrent with these two features, Malick continued work on an IMAX documentary that examines the birth and death of the known universe, titled Voyage of Time. The Hollywood Reporter described it as "a celebration of the Earth, displaying the whole of time, from the birth of the universe to its final collapse." The film is the culmination of a project that Malick has been working on for over forty years, and has been described by Malick himself as "one of my greatest dreams".WEB, Terrence Malick's ‘Voyage Of Time’ Will Push The Boundaries Of Documentary Form {{!, Tribeca|url=https://tribecafilm.com/stories/terrence-malick-voyage-of-time-documentary|website=Tribeca|access-date=2016-02-10}} The film features footage shot by Malick and collaborators over the years, and expands on the footage that special effects luminaries Douglas Trumbull ((2001: A Space Odyssey (film)|2001)) and Dan Glass (The Matrix) created for The Tree of Life.The film was released in two versions: a 40-minute IMAX version (Voyage of Time: The IMAX Experience) with narration by Brad Pitt, and a 90-minute feature-length version (Voyage of Time: Life's Journey) with narration by Cate Blanchett.WEB,weblink Terrence Malick finally embarks on Voyage of Time – twice, Ben, Child, February 4, 2015, March 25, 2017, The Guardian, The feature-length version had its world premiere on September 7, 2016 at the 73rd Venice International Film Festival.WEB,weblink Venice Film Festival: Lido To Launch Pics From Ford, Gibson, Malick & More As Awards Season Starts To Buzz – Full List, Nancy, Tartaglione, July 28, 2016, March 25, 2017, The IMAX version of the film was released in IMAX on October 7, 2016, by IMAX Corporation and Broad Green Pictures.WEB,weblink IMAX Corporation Reports First-Quarter 2016 Financial Results Highlights, March 25, 2017,

Radegund

On June 23, 2016, reports emerged that Malick's next film, Radegund, will depict the life of Austria's Franz Jägerstätter, a conscientious objector during World War II who was put to death at the age of 36 for undermining military actions, and was later declared a martyr and beatified by the Catholic Church. Starring in the film as Jägerstätter is August Diehl, with Valerie Pachner as his wife Franziska Jägerstätter.WEB,weblink Terrence Malick Announces Next Film ‘Radegund,’ Based on the Life of Franz Jägerstätter, The Film Stage, June 23, 2016, The film was shot in Studio Babelsberg in Potsdam, Germany, in the summer of 2016, and in parts of northern Italy, such as Brixen, South Tyrol, and the small mountain village of Sappada.WEB,weblink Trailer For 'The Thin Red Line' Restoration Arrives as Terrence Malick Commences 'Radegund' Shoot, August 11, 2016, The Film Stage, March 25, 2017, The film is currently in post-production and set for a 2018 release.WEB,weblink Berlinale: Mister Smith Sells Terrence Malick's 'Radegund' to UGC for France (EXCLUSIVE), John, Hopewell, February 10, 2017, Variety (magazine), Variety, March 25, 2017, Speaking about the film in a Q&A in Princeton, New Jersey, Malick said that, compared with his more recent films, with Radegund he had "repented and gone back to working with a much tighter script."WEB,weblink Terrence Malick talks filmmaking at a rare public speaking event, Bruno, Christopher, Little White Lies (magazine), Little White Lies, October 27, 2016, December 5, 2016,

Notes of a Woman

In Augusweblink and/or Septembeweblink 2016, Malick directed a commercial, titled "Notes of a Woman" and released on February 26, 2017weblink for the Mon Guerlain perfume.WEB,weblink Terrence Malick Directed a Perfume Ad Starring Angelina Jolie, Because of Course He Did — Watch, Nordine, Michael, IndieWire, February 26, 2017, March 8, 2018, Starring Angelina Jolie, it was shot at her and Brad Pitt's Château Miraval estate in CorrensWEB,weblink Brad Pitt, Angelina Jolie Lose Court Case Over Their French Miraval Castle, Rodriguez, Cecilia, Forbes, August 21, 2017, March 8, 2018, WEB,weblink "Brad Pitt a coulé ma boîte et s’est approprié mon travail", Fansten, Emmanuel, Libération, August 16, 2017, March 8, 2018, and lensed by Austrian cinematographer Christian Bergerweblink

Themes and style

Malick's films have been noted by critics for their philosophical themes. According to film scholar Lloyd Michaels, the director's primary themes include "the isolated individual's desire for transcendence amidst established social institutions, the grandeur and untouched beauty of nature, the competing claims of instinct and reason, and the lure of the open road".BOOK, Rybin, Steven, xiv, Introduction, Terrence Malick and the Thought of Film, 2012, Rowman & Littlefield, 0739166751, He named Days of Heaven as one in a group of acclaimed films from the 1970s that were intended to revolutionize the American film epic. Like The Godfather films, 1975's Nashville, and The Deer Hunter (1978), Michaels argued that the movie delves into "certain national myths" as an idiosyncratic type of Western, "particularly the migration westward, the dream of personal success, and the clash of agrarian and industrial economies". Roger Ebert considered Malick's body of work to have a unifying common theme: "Human lives diminish beneath the overarching majesty of the world."WEB, Ebert, Roger, Badlands Movie Review & Film Summary (1973),weblink RogerEbert.com, Ebert Digital LLC, 11 July 2016, 24 June 2011, In Ebert's opinion, Malick is among the few remaining directors who yearn "to make no less than a masterpiece".WEB, Ebert, Roger, The Tree of Life Movie Review (2011),weblink RogerEbert.com, Ebert Digital LLC, 11 July 2016, 2 June 2011, While reviewing The Tree of Life, New York Times critic A. O. Scott compared the director to innovative "homegrown romantics" such as the writers Walt Whitman, Hart Crane, James Agee, and Herman Melville, in the sense that their "definitive writings" also "did not sit comfortably or find universal favor in their own time" but nonetheless "leaned perpetually into the future, pushing their readers forward toward a new horizon of understanding".Scott, A. O. WEB,weblink The Tree of Life (2011), The New York Times, 25 September 2013, Malick's body of work has inspired polarizing opinions. According to Michaels, "few American directors have inspired such adulation and rejection with each successive film" as Malick. Michaels said that in all of American cinema, Malick is the filmmaker most frequently "granted genius status after creating such a discontinuous and limited body of work".BOOK, Michaels, Lloyd, 1, 40–41,weblink Terrence Malick, University of Illinois Press, February 20, 2017, 2009, 0252075757, Malick makes use of broad philosophical and spiritual overtones, such as in the form of meditative voice-overs from individual characters. Some critics felt these elements made the films engaging and unique while others found them pretentious and gratuitous, particularly in his post-hiatus work.BOOK,weblink LaRocca, David, 391, The Philosophy of War Films, The University Press of Kentucky, 2014, 0813145120, Michaels believed the opinions Days of Heaven continues to elicit among scholars and film enthusiasts is exemplary of this: "The debate continues to revolve around what to make of 'its extremeties of beauty', whether the exquisite lighting, painterly compositions, dreamy dissolves, and fluid camera movements, combined with the epic grandeur and elegiac tone, sufficiently compensate for the thinness of the tale, the two-dimensionality of the characters, and the resulting emotional detachment of the audience." Reverse Shot journalist Chris Wisniewski regarded both Days of Heaven and The New World not as "literary nor theatrical" but "principally cinematic" in their aesthetic, intimating narrative, emotional, and conceptual themes through the use of "image and sound" instead of "foregrounding dialogue, events or characters". He highlighted Malick's use of "rambling philosophical voiceovers; the placid images of nature, offering quiet contrast to the evil deeds of men; the stunning cinematography, often achieved with natural light; the striking use of music".WEB, Wisniewski, Chris,weblink Terrence Malick's Days of Heaven and The New World, Reverse Shot, 26 April 2008, 19 April 2011,

Personal life

While the common conception of Malick as a recluse is inaccurate,WEB,weblink Ann Hornaday on Terrence Malick, 'Tree of Life' and the perils of auteur worship, Hornaday, Ann, The Washington Post, June 2, 2011, October 23, 2016, WEB,weblink Hollywood Bigfoot: Terrence Malick and the 20-Year Hiatus That Wasn't, Nordine, Michael, Los Angeles Review of Books, May 12, 2013, October 23, 2016, WEB,weblink Is Days of Heaven the most beautiful film ever made?, Thomson, David, The Guardian, September 1, 2011, December 6, 2016, "It was said in the press that he had disappeared, that he was a recluse who declined to become a public personality. I met him in the 90s and it turned out that there was nothing reclusive about him." he is nevertheless famously protective of his private life.WEB,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101007123112weblink">weblinkweblink Rosy-Fingered Dawn – Terrence Malick, Sky Arts, January 10, 2010, Skyarts.co.uk, October 7, 2010, March 21, 2012, His contracts stipulate that his likeness may not be used for promotional purposes, and he routinely declines requests for interviews.NEWS, Davenport, Hayes,weblink Alumni Watch: Terence Malick '65, The Harvard Crimson, December 15, 2005, May 3, 2007, June 5, 2011,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110605011128weblink">weblink no, From 1970 to 1976, Malick was married to Jill Jakes.WEB,weblink Terrence Malick, Turner Classic Movies, June 24, 2011, His companion afterward in the late 1970s was director and screenwriter Michie Gleason. In 1985 in France, he married Michèle Marie Morette,WEB,weblink Terrence Malick Michele Morette Williamson County Texas Marriage Record, Mocavo.com, June 22, 2014, NEWS, The secret life of Terrence Malick, Luke, Blackall, May 24, 2011, The Independent, UK,weblink May 12, 2013, June 15, 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120615034355weblink">weblink no, Michele Morette, his late ex-wife of 13 years, revealed that while they were together she wasn't allowed into his office, and that he would rather buy her a copy of a book than lend her his own., whom he met in Paris in 1980; in 1996, Malick asked for a divorce, which was granted. Afterward he married Alexandra "Ecky" Wallace, his high-school sweetheart.NEWS,weblink Badlands: An Oral History, May 1, 2011, Nathaniel, Penn, GQ, May 23, 2014, Malick's semi-autobiographic film To the Wonder was inspired by his relationships with Morette and Wallace.NEWS, Terrence Malick's To the Wonder: A Gush of Cosmic Rapture,weblink Time, 2016-02-10, Richard, Corliss, As of at least 2011, Malick lives in Austin, Texas.WEB,weblink Brave Thinkers 2011: Terrence Malick, Graeme C.A. Wood, Graeme, Wood, October 3, 2011, The Atlantic, February 21, 2012, August 19, 2012,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120819040830weblink">weblink no,

Filmography

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Awards and nominations

Malick has received three Academy Award nominations; two for Best Director, for The Thin Red Line and The Tree of Life, and a nomination for Best Adapted Screenplay for the former film. He was awarded the Golden Bear at the 49th Berlin International Film Festival for The Thin Red Line, and the Palme d'Or at the 64th Cannes Film Festival for The Tree of Life.

References

Notes

{{reflist|30em}}

Bibliography

  • Biskind, Peter. Easy Riders, Raging Bulls, London: Bloomsbury, 1998.
  • Biskind, Peter. {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110115065947weblink|date=January 15, 2011|title='The Runaway Genius' }}, Vanity Fair, 460, December 1998, 116–125.
  • Cavell, Stanley. The World Viewed: Reflections on the Ontology of Film, Enlarged Edition, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1979.
  • Chion, Michel. The Voice in Cinema, translated by Claudia Gorbman, New York & Chichester: Columbia University Press, 1999.
  • Ciment, Michel. 'Entretien avec Terrence Malick', Positif, 170, June 1975, 30–34.
  • Cook, G. Richardson. 'The Filming of Badlands: An Interview with Terry Malick', Filmmakers Newsletter, 7:8, June 1974, 30–32.
  • Crofts, Charlotte. 'From the "Hegemony of the Eye" to the "Hierarchy of Perception": The Reconfiguration of Sound and Image in Terrence Malick's Days of Heaven', Journal of Media Practice, 2:1, 2001, 19–29.
  • {{citation|last=Denson|first=G. Roger|author-link=G. Roger Denson|url=http://www.huffingtonpost.com/g-roger-denson/terrence-malicks-tree-of-_b_868895.html|title=Terrence Malick's The Tree of Life Plays Garden of Eden to the Family of Man|work=Huffington Post|date=June 6, 2011}}
  • Docherty, Cameron. 'Maverick Back from the Badlands', The Sunday Times, Culture, June 7, 1998, 4.
  • Donougho, Martin. 'West of Eden: Terrence Malick's Days of Heaven', Postscript: Essays in Film and the Humanities, 5:1, Fall 1985, 17–30.
  • {{citation|last=Ebert|first=Roger|author-link=Roger Ebert|url=http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=%2F19971207%2FREVIEWS08%2F401010327%2F1023|title=Review of Days of Heaven|publisher=Chicago Sun-Times Inc.}}
  • Fox, Terry Curtis. 'The Last Ray of Light', Film Comment, 14:5, September/October 1978, 27–28.
  • Fuller, Graham. 'Exile on Main Street', The Observer, December 13, 1998, 5.
  • Hartl, John. 'Badlands Director Ending his Long Absence', Seattle Times, March 8, 1998.
  • Henderson, Brian. 'Exploring Badlands'. Wide Angle: A Quarterly Journal of Film Theory, Criticism and Practice, 5:4, 1983, 38–51.
  • Keyser, Les. Hollywood in the Seventies, London: Tantivy Press, 1981.
  • Maher Jr., Paul (2014). One Big Soul: An Oral History of Terrence Malick. Upstart Crow Publishing. {{ISBN|978-1-304-59527-0}}.
  • Monaco, James. "Badlands", Take One, 4:1, September/October 1972, 32.
  • Malick interview, American Film Institute Report, 4:4, Winter 1973, 48.
  • Newman, Kim. "Whatever Happened to Whatsisname?", Empire, February 1994, 88–89.
  • Riley, Brooks. "Interview with Nestor Almendros", Film Comment, 14:5, September/October 1978, 28–31.
  • Stivers, Clint and Kirsten F. Benson. "'What's Your Name, Kid?': The Acousmatic Voiceovers of Private Edward P. Train in The Thin Red Line", Postscript: Essays in Film and the Humanities, 34:2/3, 2015, 36-52.
  • Telotte, J. P. "Badlands and the Souvenir Drive", Western Humanities Review, 40:2, Summer 1986, 101–14.
  • {{citation|last=Walker|first=Beverly|url=http://www.eskimo.com/~toates/malick/art6.html|title=Malick on Badlands|work=Sight and Sound|series=44|issue=2|pages=82–83|date=Spring 1975|via=Eskimo North}}
  • Wondra, Janet. "A Gaze Unbecoming: Schooling the Child for Femininity in Days of Heaven", Wide Angle, 16:4, October 1994, 5–22.

Further reading

External links

{{commons category}}
  • {{AllRovi person|100893|Terrence Malick}}
  • {{IMDb name|517}}
  • {{worldcat id|id=lccn-n86-41335}}
  • {{YouTube|Nf74qellkok|The Films of Terrence Malick}}, movie clip compilation, 3 min.
  • {{citation|url=http://www.lafuriaumana.it/index.php/archive/59-la-furia-umana-nd-10-autumn-2011|title=Dossier about Terrence Malick|work=La furia umana|type=n°10 texts: English, Spanish, French, Italian|last1=McElhaney|first1=Joe|last2=Bergala|first2=Alain|last3=Losilla|first3=Carlos|last4=Ferrari|first4=Jean-Cristophe|last5=Cappabianca|first5=Alessandro|last6=others|last-author-amp=yes|editor-first=Toni|editor-last=D'Angela|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120831084307weblink|archive-date=2012-08-31|dead-url=yes}}
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