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Teres I

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Teres I
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{{Other uses|Teres (disambiguation)}}(File:The golden life-size mask of Teres I found in his tomb in the Valley of the Thracian Kings.png|thumb|2400-year-old life-size mask made of 23.5-carat gold and weighing 672 g (1.48 lb). The mask belonged to king Teres I (450 – 431 BC) and was unearthed in a mound at the Valley of the Thracian kings, Kazanlak region, Central Bulgaria in August, 2004. The sensational archaeological discovery was made by Prof. Georgi Kitov (1943 – 2008) and his team. According to him, “There have been other gold masks discovered, but all of them are made of foil-thin gold. Gold masks with this shape and weight are absolutely unknown”.)Teres I (Ancient Greek, "Τήρης"), (reigned 460The Thracians 700 BC-AD 46 (Men-at-Arms) by Christopher Webber and Angus McBride, 2001, {{ISBN|1-84176-329-2}}, page 5-445 BC) was the first king of the Odrysian state of Thrace. Thrace had nominally been part of the Persian empire since 516 BCThe Oxford Classical Dictionary by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth,{{ISBN|0-19-860641-9}},"page 1515,"The Thracians were subdued by the Persians by 516" during the rule of Darius the Great, and was re-subjugated by Mardonius in 492 BC.Herodotus,6.43.1The Odrysian state was the first Thracian kingdom that acquired power in the region, by the unificationReadings in Greek History: Sources and Interpretations by D. Brendan Nagle and Stanley M. Burstein,{{ISBN|0-19-517825-4}},2006,page 230: "... , however, one of the Thracian tribes, the Odrysians, succeeded in unifying the Thracians and creating a powerful state ..." of many Thracian tribes under a single ruler, King TeresThe Oxford Classical Dictionary by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth,{{ISBN|0-19-860641-9}},page 1515,"Shortly afterwards the first King of the Odrysae, Teres attempted to carve an empire out of the territory occupied by the Thracian tribes (Thuc.2.29 and his sovereignty extended as far as the Euxine and the Hellespont)" probably in the 470's after the Persian defeat in Greece.WEB,weblink The Expedition of Cyrus, 24 December 2014, Teres, who united the 40 or more Thracian tribes under one banner, was well known for his military abilities and spent much of his life on the battlefield. He died during a military campaign in 445 BC. Historians argue it was against the Triballi, a Thracian tribe occupying a large amount of land to the north of Thrace.{{citation needed|date=December 2014}} He was succeeded by his second son, Sitalces, who seemed to have taken on his father's fighting prowess and used all the tribes to wage war with Macedon.Teres Ridge on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica, is named for Teres.

References

{{Reflist}}{{europe-royal-stub}}{{Ancient-Thrace-stub}}

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