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Temple E (Selinus)

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Temple E (Selinus)
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(File:Sicily Selinunte Temple E (Hera).JPG|thumb|right|300px|Temple E, also called the Temple of Hera.)Temple E at Selinus in Sicily is a Greek temple of the Doric order. It is found on the hill to the east of the city's acropolis. Temple E is also known as the Temple of Hera because an inscription found on a votive stelaIG XIV 271 indicates that it was dedicated to Hera;Tony Spawforth, The Complete Greek Temples 2006, p. 131. however, some scholars argue that it must have been dedicated to Aphrodite on the basis of structural parallels.Filippo Coarelli; Mario Torelli, Sicilia (Guide archeologiche Laterza), Bari, Laterza, 1988, pp. 72-103It was built towards the middle of the sixth century BC on top of the foundations of a more ancient building.Enzo Lippolis, Monica Livadiotti, Giorgio Rocco, Architettura greca: storia e monumenti del mondo della polis dalle origini al V secolo, 2007, pp. 833-834, {{ISBN|8842492205}}. It is the best conserved of the temples of Selinus but its present appearance is the result of anastylosis (reconstruction using original material) performed—controversially—in 1959, by the Italian archaeologist Jole Bovio Marconi.(File:Selinunte-TempleE-Plan-bjs.png|thumb|left)The peripteral temple belongs to the period of transition from the archaic to the classical period. It has a peristyle 25.33 wide x 67.82 metres long with six columns at the front (hexastyle) and fifteen on the long sides. The columns are each 10.19 metres high with numerous traces of the stucco which originally covered them. As a result, the floorplan is unusually elongated. It is a temple characterised by multiple staircases creating a system of successive levels: ten steps lead to the entrance on the eastern side, after the pronaos in antis another six steps lead into the naos and finally another six steps lead into the adyton at the rear of the naos. Behind the adyton, separated from it by a wall, was the opisthodomos in antis. There are many of the optical illusions typical of the doric order: the strong tapering of the columns at their ends (entasis), contraction at the corners, and widening of the final metopes, for example.Enzo Lippolis, Monica Livadiotti, Giorgio Rocco, op. cit., 2007, p. 834.A Doric frieze at the top of the walls of the naos consisted of metopes depicting people, with the heads and naked parts of the women made of Parian marble and the rest from local stone. These metopes date to around 470 BC and show evidence of the evolution towards the classical style.Gisela M. A. Richter, L'arte greca, tr. it. di Mila Leva Pistoi, Einaudi, Torino 1969, p. 87. Four metopes are preserved: Heracles killing the Amazon Antiope, the marriage of Hera and Zeus, Actaeon being torn apart by Artemis’ hunting dogs, Athena killing the Giant Enceladus, and another more fragmentary one perhaps depicting Apollo and Daphne. All of them are kept in the Museo Archeologico di Palermo.

Gallery

File:Selinunte-East-Hill-bjs-1.jpg|The East Hill of Selinus with Temple EFile:Selinonte Temple E2.jpgFile:DSC00403 - Tempio E di Selinunte - Artemide e Atteone - Ca. 450 a.C. - Foto G. Dall'Orto.jpg|Artemis and ActaeonFile:DSC00405 - Tempio E di Selinunte - Artemide ed Encelado - Ca. 450 a.C. - Foto G. Dall'Orto.jpg|Athena and EnceladusFile:DSC00406 - Tempio E di Selinunte - Zeus ed Hera - Ca. 450 a.C. - Foto G. Dall'Orto.jpg|Zeus and HeraFile:DSC00409 - Tempio E di Selinunte - Eracle ed Amazzone - Ca. 450 a.C. - Foto G. Dall'Orto.jpg|Heracles and Antiope{{wide image|Selinunte Panoramic View 1.jpg|800px|View from within}}

Notes

{{commons category|Temple E (Selinunte)}}{{reflist}}{{coord|37.5866|12.8348|type:landmark_region:IT|display=title}}{{Archaeological sites in Sicily}}

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