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Suebian knot

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Suebian knot
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{{short description|Historical male hairstyle ascribed to the tribe of the Germanic Suebi}}{{Expand German|Suebenknoten|date=July 2015}} File:Osterby Man Suebian-Knot.jpg|thumb|right|The Osterby Head with Suebian knot.]]File:AdamclisiMetope36.jpg|thumb|right|A battle scene from Tropaeum Traiani: a Roman legionnaire battles a Dacian warrior wielding a falx, while a Germanic warrior (BastarnaeBastarnaeThe Suebian knot () is a historical male hairstyle ascribed to the tribe of the Germanic Suebi. The knot is attested by Tacitus in his 1st century AD work Germania, found on art by and depictions of the Germanic peoples, and worn by bog bodies. A vestigial tradition remains in the winter custom and Easter to bake a Zopf in parts of South Germany, Switzerland, Austria and other German speaking areas in France or Italy, and particularly in the Swabian heights and Black Forest which seems related through folk tales to Frau Holle and the Ancient cults behind its legends of the Winter queen taking away children lives, which it may have been related to famines or when child mortality was high specially during the Winter until the Easter celebrations to Life bounty of Spring (eating her symbolic braid of powers).

Germania

According to Germania by Tacitus, the Suebian warriors combed their hair back or sideways and tied it into a knot, allegedly with the purpose of appearing taller and more awe-inspiring on the battlefield. Tacitus also reports that the fashion had spread to neighboring Germanic tribes among the younger warriors, while among the Suebians, the knot was sported even by old men as a status symbol, which "distinguishes the freeman from the slave", with the most artful knots worn by the most wealthy nobles.WEB,weblink Germania, 38, www.ourcivilisation.com, 2013-12-19,

Archaeological record

Suebian knots were found to be worn by a number of bog bodies:
  • Osterby Man,BOOK, Deem, James M, Bodies from the Bog, 2003, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt,weblink 70–220 AD of Osterby near Rendsburg-Eckernförde, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
  • Dätgen Man,Datgen Man {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120103002957weblink |date=2012-01-03 }}. Mummytombs.com. Retrieved on 30 May 2012. 135–385 AD, and Dätgen, near Rendsburg-Eckernförde, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
In 2000 at the Baltic Sea coast at Czarnowko near Lębork, Poland, a bronze kettle was found depicting males wearing the Suebian knot hairstyle.M. Macynska, D. Rudnicka, Abstract: A grave with Roman imports from Czarnówko, Lębork district, Pomerania, Poland WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2007-10-15, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070807203411weblink">weblink 2007-08-07,

Depictions

Historical depictions are found on the Trajan column, the cauldron of Musov, the Tropaeum Traiani relief, and a bronze sculpture of a kneeling German in the Bibliothèque nationale de France.

Method

The hair is divided at the back in two uniform strands, slicked and laid in opposite directions around the head. On one side of the head, usually in the temporal region, the two strands are individually tightened in the same direction. The two strands are then twisted, whereby the rotation of the two individual strands loosens somewhat. A loop is formed from the resulting braid and the excess braid end is put in a loop through the loop. By natural untwisting the resulting knot tightens and stops without further aids.weblink Haartracht und Pelzschulterkragen der Moorleiche von Osterby.The Osterby Man had an incipient vertex balding and very long and thin hair. Experimental archaeological wearing tests with this hairstyle showed that the node just as well holds only at very long and thin hair, as in the bog body. Haak: Einige Bemerkungen zum so genannten „Suebenknoten“. S. 179. A certain amount of hair grease improves also the durability of the hairstyle. Strong and full hair is attributed to the decline in abundance of this hairstyle.

Gallery

Image:Wappen von Osterby bei Eckernfoerde in Deutschland.png|A Suebian knot depicted on the coat of arms of Osterby, Schleswig-Holstein, Northern Germany.File:Germanic Head Somzée.jpg|Marble head form Somzée, BelgiumFile:Dätgen Mans Hairs.jpg|Hair of bog body Dätgen Man (Germany)File:Bronze figure of a German Bibliothèque Nationale.jpg|A Roman bronze figurine depicting a kneeling Germanic man adorned with a Suebian knot Bibliothèque nationale de FranceFile:Vindobona Hoher Markt-79.JPG|German at Wien MuseumFile:Sarcofago dio portonaccio, 03.JPG|Portonaccio sarcophagus (Man on the lower right side)File:Terracotta German at British Museum.jpg|Terra cotta mask at British MuseumFile:Mušov Cauldron.jpg|Mušov cauldronFile:IArta romana prizonier MG 1761 02.JPG|Captive with Suebian knot National Museum of Romanian HistoryFile:Bracteate from Funen, Denmark (DR BR42).jpg|A Migration Period Germanic gold bracteate featuring a depiction of a bird, horse, and stylized head wearing a Suebian knot.File:AdamclisiMetope37.jpg|War scene of the Tropaeum Traiani: a Roman legionary fighting with a Dacian warrior, while a Buri warrior, who has a suede knot, is wounded on the ground.

See also

References

{{commons category|Suebian knot}}{{reflist}}{{Germanic peoples}}

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