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States of Nigeria
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factoids
(Lagos State>Lagos) – {{Convertsqmiorder=flip}} (Niger State)Mean: {{Convert>9907abbr=on|order=flip}}| government = State governmentLocal government areas of Nigeria>Local Government Area}}{{Politics of Nigeria}}In Nigeria, a state (, , ) is a federated political entity that shares sovereignty with the federal government. There are 36 states bound together by a federal agreement. The Federal Capital Territory is not a state and under the direct control of the federal government. The states are further divided into a total of 774 Local Government Areas."USAID Nigeria mission: Nigeria administrative divisions" {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070113033138weblink |date=2007-01-13 }} United States Agency for International Development, October 2004, last accessed 21 April 2010 Under the Nigerian Constitution, states have the power to ratify constitutional amendments.The Nigerian traditional states predate all the modern states but have no legal or administrative powers.

Current states and the Federal Capital Territory

{|| {{Nigeria states map}}">

Evolution of Nigerian states {| class"wikitable"

! Date !! Events !! Map1960-1963>Federal state>Federal State of three Regions: Northern Region, Nigeria, Western Region, Nigeria>Western, and Eastern Region, Nigeria. Additionally, Provinces of Nigeria>provinces, which were a legacy of Colonial Nigeria, remained extant until they were abolished in 1976.>300px|right)1963-1967>Mid-Western Region (Nigeria)>Mid-Western Region. (File:Nigeria 1963-1967.pngright)1967-1976>Biafra during the Nigerian Civil War>Nigerian civil war. (File:Nigeria states-1967-1976.pngright)1976-1987>Space and Polity 9(1): pp. 9-27, pages 10, 11, & 15>300px|right)1987-1991>Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory.>300px|right)1991-1996>Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria>Federal Capital Territory. The Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria was established in 1991. In 1987 two new states were established, followed by another nine in 1991, bringing the total to 30. The latest change, in 1996, resulted in the present number of 36 states. >300px|right)

Government

As sovereign entities, States of Nigeria have the right to organize/structure their individual governments in any way within the parameters set by the Constitution of Nigeria.

Legislature

At the State level, the legislature is unicameral, with the number of its members equal to three times the number of legislatures it has in the Federal House of Representatives. It has the power to legislate on matters on the concurrent list.

Executive

At the State level, the Head of the executive is called the Governor, who has the power to appoint people to the State Executive Council, subject to the advice and consent of the State House of Assembly (Legislature). The Head of a ministry at the State level is called a commissioner, who is assisted by a permanent secretary, who is also a senior civil servant of the State.

Judiciary

The Judiciary is one of the co-equal arms of the State government concerned with the interpretation of the laws of the State government. The Judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice of the State appointed by the governor subject to the approval of the State House of Assembly.">

Chronology{|class"wikitable" border"1" style"text-align:left"

!colspan=2|Regions!colspan=5|States 1960 1963 1967 1976 1987 1991 |1996EasternSouth-EasternCross-RiverAkwa IbomCross-RiverEast CentralImoImoAbiaAbia State>AbiaEbonyiAnambraEnuguEnugu State>EnuguAnambraRiversBayelsa State>BayelsaRivers State>RiversWesternMid-WesternBendelDeltaEdoWesternLagosWesternOgunOndoEkiti State>EkitiOndo State>OndoOyoOsunOyoNorthernBenue-PlateauPlateauNasarawa State>NasarawaPlateau State>PlateauBenueBenueKogiKwaraKwaraKanoJigawaKanoNorth CentralKadunaKadunaKatsinaNorth WesternNigerSokotoKebbiSokotoSokoto State>SokotoZamfara State>ZamfaraNorth EasternBauchiBauchi State>BauchiGombe State>GombeBornoBornoYobeGongolaAdamawaTaraba

See also

Notes

{{Reflist}}

Sources

  • BOOK, Gboyega Ajayi, 2007, The military and the Nigerian state, 1966-1993: a study of the strategies of political power control, Africa World Press, Trenton, New Jersey, 1-59221-568-8, harv, .,
  • BOOK, Solomon Akhere Benjamin, 1999, The 1996 state and local government reorganizations in Nigeria, Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research, Ibadan, 978-181-238-9, harv, .,
  • BOOK, Rotimi T. Suberu, 1994, 1991 state and local government reorganizations in Nigeria, Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, 978-2015-28-8, harv, .,

External links

{{Nigeria states}}{{NigerianStateLists}}{{Articles on first-level administrative divisions of African countries}}

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