Stanford University

aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
Stanford University
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{redirect|Stanford}}{{short description|Private research university in Stanford, California}}{{Use mdy dates|date=September 2018}}

| mottoeng = The wind of freedom blowsPrivate university>Private research universityTITLE=HISTORY: STANFORD UNIVERSITY ACCESSDATE= APRIL 26, 2017, CHAPTER 1: THE UNIVERSITY AND THE FACULTY >WORK=FACULTY HANDBOOK DATE=SEPTEMBER 7, 2016 ACCESSDATE=APRIL 26, 2017 ARCHIVE-DATE=MAY 25, 2017 DF=MDY-ALL, Leland Stanford>Leland and Jane StanfordPUBLISHER=NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY BUSINESS OFFICERS AND COMMONFUND INSTITUTE ACCESS-DATE=2019-07-10, DATE=MAY 6, 2019, June 2, 2019, | president = Marc Tessier-Lavigne| provost = Persis Drell| academic_staff = 2,219PUBLISHER=STANFORD UNIVERSITYACCESSDATE=JUNE 13, 2018, excluding SHC| students = 16,520 TITLE=INTRODUCTION: STANFORD UNIVERSITY FACTS WEBSITE=STANFORD FACTS AT A GLANCE LANGUAGE=EN, | postgrad = 9,437Stanford, California>Stanford| state = California| country = United States37.4282293region:US-CA_type:edu_scale:40000_source:GNISnotes=235365 >NAME=STANFORD UNIVERSITYENTRYDATE=JANUARY 19, 1981, |display=t}}Suburban, {{convert>8180sqmi km2|1}}| free_label = Academic termAcademic quarter (year division)>QuarterPUBLISHER=STANFORD UNIVERSITYACCESSDATE=MAY 7, 2017, {{college color boxes|Stanford Cardinal}}Stanford Cardinal>CardinalNCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision>NCAA Division I FBS{{bulleted list|Pac-12 Conference>Pac-12 (primary)Intercollegiate Rowing Association>IRAPacific Coast Collegiate Sailing Conference>PCCSCMountain Pacific Sports Federation>MPSF}}Stanford Tree is the mascot of the Stanford Band>band but not the}}| logo = Stanford wordmark (2012).svg| logo_size = 150}}{{Location map|USA|relief = 1|label = Stanford|lat = 37.43|long = -122.17|caption = Location in the United States|marksize = 5|float =|background =|width = 275}}{{Location map|USA California|relief = 1|label = Stanford|lat = 37.43|long = -122.17|caption = Location in California|marksize = 5|float =|background =|width = 275}}Leland Stanford Junior University (Stanford University or Stanford)WEB,weblink "Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax – 2013" (IRS Form 990),, November 15, 2017, is a private research university in Stanford, California. Stanford is known for its academic strength, wealth, selectivity, proximity to Silicon Valley, and ranking as one of the world's top universities.WEB,weblink Best Global Universities Rankings, US News,weblink" title="">weblink January 13, 2016, dead, NEWS,weblink World University Rankings, August 18, 2017, Times Higher Education (THE), May 21, 2018, en, NEWS,weblink QS World University Rankings 2018, June 5, 2017, Top Universities, May 21, 2018, en, WEB,weblink Riding Technology Wave, Stanford Rises to Top of Some Measures, Richard, Pérez-Peña, May 29, 2014,, NEWS,weblink The World's Most Innovative Universities, September 15, 2015, Reuters, The university was founded in 1885 by Leland and Jane Stanford in memory of their only child, Leland Stanford Jr., who had died of typhoid fever at age 15 the previous year. Stanford was a U.S. Senator and former Governor of California who made his fortune as a railroad tycoon. The school admitted its first students on October 1, 1891, as a coeducational and non-denominational institution.Stanford University struggled financially after the death of Leland Stanford in 1893 and again after much of the campus was damaged by the 1906 San Francisco earthquake.WEB,weblink History – Part 2 (The New Century) : Stanford University,, December 20, 2013, dead,weblink" title="">weblink December 20, 2013, Following World War II, Provost Frederick Terman supported faculty and graduates' entrepreneurialism to build self-sufficient local industry in what would later be known as Silicon Valley.WEB,weblink History – Part 3 (The Rise of Silicon Valley) : Stanford University,, December 20, 2013, dead,weblink" title="">weblink December 20, 2013, The university is also one of the top fundraising institutions in the country, becoming the first school to raise more than a billion dollars in a year.The university is organized around three traditional schools consisting of 40 academic departments at the undergraduate and graduate level and four professional schools that focus on graduate programs in law, medicine, education and business. Students compete in 36 varsity sports, and the university is one of two private institutions in the Division I FBS Pac-12 Conference. It has gained 123 NCAA team championships,WEB, National Championships (148 overall, 123 NCAA),weblink June 1, 2019, the most for a university. Stanford athletes have won 522 (the most) individual championships,WEB, Championship Summary through April 21, 2019,weblink NCAA, June 1, 2019, and Stanford has won the NACDA Directors' Cup for 24 consecutive years, beginning in 1994–1995.NEWS,weblink Stanford wins 24th-consecutive Directors’ Cup, July 2, 2018, Pac-12 News, June 1, 2019, In addition, Stanford students and alumni have won 270 Olympic medals including 139 gold medals.NEWS,weblink Wrapping Up Rio, Stanford University, November 11, 2017, en, As of October 2018, 83 Nobel laureates, 27 Turing Award laureates,{{refn|group=note|Undergraduate school alumni who received the Turing Award:
  1. Vint Cerf: BS Math Stanford 1965; MS CS UCLA 1970; PhD CS UCLA 1972.WEB,weblink Vinton Cerf – A.M. Turing Award Winner,,
  2. Allen Newell: BS Physics Stanford 1949; PhD Carnegie Institute of Technology 1957.WEB,weblink Allen Newell,,
Graduate school alumni who received the Turing Award:
  1. Martin Hellman: BE New York University 1966, MS Stanford University 1967, PhD Stanford University 1969, all in electrical engineering. Professor at Stanford 1971–1996.WEB,weblink Martin Hellman,,
  2. John Hopcroft: BS Seattle University; MS EE Stanford 1962, Phd EE Stanford 1964.WEB,weblink John E Hopcroft,,
  3. Barbara Liskov: BSc Berkeley 1961; PhD Stanford.WEB,weblink Barbara Liskov,,
  4. Raj Reddy: BS from Guindy College of Engineering (Madras, India) 1958; M Tech, University of New South Wales 1960; PhD Stanford 1966.WEB,weblink Raj Reddy – A.M. Turing Award Winner,,
  5. Ronald Rivest: BA Yale 1969; PhD Stanford 1974.WEB,weblink Ronald L Rivest – A.M. Turing Award Winner,,
  6. Robert Tarjan: BS Caltech 1969; MS Stanford 1971, PhD 1972.WEB,weblink Robert E Tarjan – A.M. Turing Award Winner,,
Non-alumni former and current faculty, staff, and researchers who received the Turing Award:
  1. Whitfield Diffie: BS mathematics Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1965. Visiting scholar at Stanford 2009–2010 and an affiliate from 2010–2012; currently a consulting professor at CISAC (The Center for International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University).WEB,weblink Whitfield Diffie,,
  2. Doug Engelbart: BS EE Oregon State University 1948; MS EE Berkeley 1953; PhD Berkeley 1955. Researcher/Director at Stanford Research Institute (SRI) 1957–1977; Director (Bootstrap Project) at Stanford University 1989–1990.WEB,weblink Douglas Engelbart,,
  3. Edward Feigenbaum: BS Carnegie Institute of Technology 1956, PhD Carnegie Institute of Technology 1960. Associate Professor at Stanford 1965–1968; Professor at Stanford 1969–2000; Professor Emeritus at Stanford (2000-present).WEB,weblink Edward A Feigenbaum – A.M. Turing Award Winner,,
  4. Robert W. Floyd: BA 1953, BSc Physics, both from University of Chicago. Professor at Stanford (1968–1994).WEB,weblink Robert W. Floyd – A.M. Turing Award Winner,,
  5. Sir Antony Hoare: Undergraduate at Oxford University. Visiting Professor at Stanford 1973.WEB, Lee, J.A.N., Charles Antony Richard (Tony) Hoare,weblink IEEE Computer Society, February 9, 2016,
  6. Alan Kay: BA/BS from University of Colorado at Boulder, PhD 1969 from University of Utah. Researcher at Stanford 1969–1971.WEB,weblink Alan Kay,,
  7. John McCarthy: BS Math, Caltech; PhD Princeton. Assistant Professor at Stanford 1953–1955; Professor at Stanford 1962–2011.WEB,weblink John McCarthy,,
  8. Robin Milner: BSc 1956 from Cambridge University. Researcher at Stanford University 1971–1972.WEB,weblink A J Milner – A.M. Turing Award Winner,,
  9. Amir Pnueli: BSc Math from Technion 1962, PhD Weizmann Institute of Science 1967. Instructor at Stanford 1967; Visitor at Stanford 1970WEB,weblink Amir Pnueli,,
  10. Dana Scott: BA Berkeley 1954, PhD Princeton 1958. Associate Professor at Stanford 1963–1967.WEB,weblink Dana S Scott – A.M. Turing Award Winner,,
  11. Niklaus Wirth: BS Swiss Federal Institute of Technology 1959, MSC Universite Laval, Canada, 1960; PhD Berkeley 1963. Assistant Professor at Stanford University 1963–1967.WEB,weblink Niklaus E. Wirth,,
  12. Andrew Yao: BS physics National University of Taiwan 1967; AM Physics Haravard 1969; PhD Physics, Harvard 1972; PhD CS University of Illinois Urbana–Champagin 1975 Assistant Professor at Stanford University 1976–1981; Professor at Stanford University 1982–1986.WEB,weblink Andrew C Yao – A.M. Turing Award Winner,, |name="noteStudAward"}} and 8 Fields Medalists have been affiliated with Stanford as students, alumni, faculty or staff.NEWS,weblink Stanford's Maryam Mirzakhani wins Fields Medal, Carey, Bjorn, August 12, 2014, Stanford Report, September 17, 2015, Stanford University, In addition, Stanford University is particularly noted for its entrepreneurship and is one of the most successful universities in attracting funding for start-ups.NEWS,weblink One University To Rule Them All: Stanford Tops Startup List – ReadWrite, December 3, 2012, ReadWrite, April 6, 2018, en-US, NEWS,weblink The University Entrepreneurship Report – Alumni of Top Universities Rake in $12.6 Billion Across 559 Deals, October 29, 2012, CB Insights Research, April 6, 2018, en-US, Stanford alumni have founded numerous companies, which combined produce more than $2.7 trillion in annual revenue and have created 5.4 million jobs as of 2011, roughly equivalent to the 10th largest economy in the world ({{as of|2011|lc=yes}}).WEB,weblink Box,, April 15, 2018, NEWS, Beckett, Jamie, Study shows Stanford alumni create nearly $3 trillion in economic impact each year,weblink July 13, 2016, Stanford Report, October 24, 2012, NEWS,weblink Stanford alumni’s companies combined equal 10th largest economy on the planet, October 24, 2012, The Mercury News, April 6, 2018, en-US, Stanford is the alma mater of 30 living billionaires and 17 astronauts, and is also one of the leading producers of members of the United States Congress.NEWS, Billionaire Universities,weblink Forbes, Andrew, Farrell, WEB, Harvard, Stanford, Yale Graduate Most Members of Congress,weblink


(File:1891 Stanford.jpg|thumb|left|Center of the campus in 1891.BOOK, Davis, Margo, Nilan, Roxanne, November 1, 1989, The Stanford Album: A Photographic History, 1885–1945, Stanford University Press, 978-0-8047-1639-0, )Stanford University was founded in 1885 by Leland and Jane Stanford, dedicated to Leland Stanford Jr, their only child. The institution opened in 1891 on Stanford's previous Palo Alto farm. Despite being impacted by earthquakes in both 1906 and 1989, the campus was rebuilt each time. In 1919, The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace was started by Herbert Hoover to preserve artifacts related to World War I. The Stanford Medical Center, completed in 1959, is a teaching hospital with over 800 beds. The SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (originally named the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center), which was established in 1962, performs research in particle physics.WEB,weblink Stanford University – Location, Enrollment, & Notable Alumni,, December 12, 2016, Jane and Leland Stanford modeled their university after the great eastern universities, most specifically Cornell University. Stanford opened being called the "Cornell of the West" in 1891 due to faculty being former Cornell affiliates (either professors, alumni, or both) including its first president, David Starr Jordan. Both Cornell and Stanford were among the first to have higher education be accessible, nonsectarian, and open to women as well as to men. Cornell is credited as one of the first American universities to adopt this radical departure from traditional education, and Stanford became an early adopter as well.BOOK, Davis, Margo Baumgartner, Nilan, Roxanne, The Stanford Album: A Photographic History, 1885–1945, 1989, Stanford University Press, 978-0-8047-1639-0, 14,weblink en,


File:Stanford Campus Aerial Photo.JPG|thumb|An aerial photograph of the center of the Stanford University campus in 2008.]]Most of Stanford University is on an {{convert|8180|acre|sqmi km2|1|adj=on}} campus, one of the largest in the United States.{{#tag:ref|It is often stated that Stanford has the largest contiguous campus in the world (or the United States)HTTP://WEB.STANFORD.EDU/DEPT/VISITORINFO/TOURS/VIRTUAL/INDEX.HTML > TITLE=VIRTUAL TOURS ACCESSDATE=APRIL 2, 2014, KECK>FIRST=GAYLE URL=HTTP://WWW.GAYLEKECK.COM/WP-CONTENT/UPLOADS/SILICON-VALLEY-STORY.PDFBerry College with over {{convert>26000sqmi km2Paul Smith's College with {{convert>14200sqmi km2United States Air Force Academy with {{convert>18500ha}} are larger but are not usually classified as university. Duke University at {{convert>8610sqmi km2University of the South) has over {{convertacre1}}.group=note}} It is located on the San Francisco Peninsula, in the northwest part of the Santa Clara Valley (Silicon Valley) approximately {{convertmiSan Francisco and approximately {{convert>20round=5}} northwest of San Jose, California. In 2008, 60% of this land remained undeveloped.UNIVERSITY SPENT $2.1 BILLION LOCALLY IN 2006, STUDY SHOWSACCESSDATE=MAY 11, 2014, Stanford's main campus includes a census-designated place within unincorporated Santa Clara County, although some of the university land (such as the Stanford Shopping Center and the Stanford Research Park) is within the city limits of Palo Alto. The campus also includes much land in unincorporated San Mateo County (including the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve), as well as in the city limits of Menlo Park (Stanford Hills neighborhood), Woodside, and Portola Valley.HTTP://FACTS.STANFORD.EDU/ABOUT/LANDS >TITLE=STANFORD FACTS: THE STANFORD LANDS PUBLISHER = STANFORD UNIVERSITY, December 20, 2013,

Central campus

The academic central campus is adjacent to Palo Alto, bounded by El Camino Real, Stanford Avenue, Junipero Serra Boulevard, and Sand Hill Road. The United States Postal Service has assigned it two ZIP Codes: 94305 for campus mail and 94309 for P.O. box mail. It lies within area code 650.{{clear}}{{wide image|Stanford Oval May 2011 panorama.jpg|800px|align-cap=center|View of the main quadrangle of Stanford University with Memorial Church in the center background from across the grass covered Oval.}}{{clear}}

Non-central campus

Stanford currently operates or intends to operate in various locations outside of its central campus.On the founding grant:
  • Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve is a {{convert|1200|acre|ha|adj=on}} natural reserve south of the central campus owned by the university and used by wildlife biologists for research.
  • SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is a facility west of the central campus operated by the university for the Department of Energy. It contains the longest linear particle accelerator in the world, {{convert|2|mi|km}} on {{convert|426|acre|ha}} of land.WEB,weblink About SLAC, April 4, 2011,
  • Golf course and a seasonal lake: The university also has its own golf course and a seasonal lake (Lake Lagunita, actually an irrigation reservoir), both home to the vulnerable California tiger salamander. As of 2012 Lake Lagunita was often dry and the university had no plans to artificially fill it.WEB,weblink University monitors Lake Lagunita after fall storms, December 20, 2013, December 5, 2012, Julia Enthoven, The Stanford Daily,
Off the founding grant:
  • Hopkins Marine Station, in Pacific Grove, California, is a marine biology research center owned by the university since 1892.
  • Study abroad locations: unlike typical study abroad programs, Stanford itself operates in several locations around the world; thus, each location has Stanford faculty-in-residence and staff in addition to students, creating a "mini-Stanford."WEB,weblink Faculty-in-Residence : Bing Overseas Study Program, December 20, 2013,
  • China: Stanford Center at Peking University, housed in the Lee Jung Sen Building, is a small center for researchers and students in collaboration with Peking University.WEB, About the Center,weblink Stanford Center at Peking, Stanford University, July 27, 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink July 7, 2013, WEB, The Lee Jung Sen Building,weblink Stanford Center at Peking University, Stanford University, July 27, 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink July 2, 2013,
Locations in development:
  • Redwood City: in 2005, the university purchased a small, {{convert|35|acre|ha|adj=on}} campus in Midpoint Technology Park intended for staff offices; development was delayed by The Great Recession.NEWS,weblink Redwood City campus remains undeveloped, The Stanford Daily, July 29, 2010, April 4, 2011, NEWS, Chesley, Kate, Redwood City approves Stanford office building proposals,weblink July 27, 2014, Stanford Report, Stanford University, September 10, 2013, In 2015 the university announced a development plan.NEWS, Kadvany, Elena, Stanford's Redwood City campus moves closer to reality,weblink December 19, 2015, Palo Alto Weekly, December 10, 2015,
{{wide image|Lakelag.jpg|800px|align-cap=center|Lake Lagunita in early spring; the Dish, a large radio telescope and local landmark, is visible in the Stanford-owned foothills behind the lake and is the high point of a popular campus jogging and walking trail.}}{{clear}}

Faculty residences

Many Stanford faculty members live in the "Faculty Ghetto", within walking or biking distance of campus.WEB, Stanford Faculty Staff Housing,weblink December 20, 2013, The Faculty Ghetto is composed of land owned entirely by Stanford. Similar to a condominium, the houses can be bought and sold but the land under the houses is rented on a 99-year lease. Houses in the "Ghetto" appreciate and depreciate, but not as rapidly as overall Silicon Valley values. However, it remains an expensive area in which to own property, and the average price of single-family homes on campus is actually higher than in Palo Alto.{{citation needed|date=June 2016}}

Other uses

Some of the land is managed to provide revenue for the university such as the Stanford Shopping Center and the Stanford Research Park. Stanford land is also leased for a token rent by the Palo Alto Unified School District for several schools including Palo Alto High School and Gunn High School.NEWS, Breitrose, Charlie, SCHOOLS: District wants Stanford land for school,weblink January 24, 2016, Palo Alto Weekly, December 2, 1998, El Camino Park, the oldest Palo Alto city park (established 1914), is also on Stanford land.WEB, El Camino Park,weblink City of Palo Alto, January 24, 2016,


Contemporary campus landmarks include the Main Quad and Memorial Church, the Cantor Center for Visual Arts and the Bing Concert Hall, the Stanford Mausoleum with the nearby Angel of Grief, Hoover Tower, the Rodin sculpture garden, the Papua New Guinea Sculpture Garden, the Arizona Cactus Garden, the Stanford University Arboretum, Green Library and the Dish. Frank Lloyd Wright's 1937 Hanna–Honeycomb House and the 1919 Lou Henry Hoover House are both listed on the National Historic Register. White Memorial Fountain (also known as "The Claw") between the Stanford Bookstore and the Old Union is a popular place to meet and to engage in the Stanford custom of "fountain hopping"; it was installed in 1964 and designed by Aristides Demetrios after a national competition as a memorial for two brothers in the class of 1949, William N. White and John B. White II, one of whom died before graduating and one shortly after in 1952.NEWS, Sullivan, Kathleen J., Machinists restoring White Memorial Fountain, aka The Claw, develop an affinity for the campus icon,weblink December 11, 2016, Stanford News, August 5, 2010, NEWS, Sullivan, Kathleen J., Sculptor returns for update on White Plaza fountain makeover,weblink December 11, 2016, Stanford News, June 10, 2011, NEWS, Kofman, Nicole, Frolicking in fountains,weblink December 11, 2016, Stanford Daily, May 22, 2012, NEWS, Steffen, Nancy L., The Claw: White Plaza Dedication,weblink December 11, 2016, Stanford Daily, May 20, 1964, Has information on the White brothers that slightly corrects some of the facts in other articles.Stanford Memorial Church Interior 2.jpg|Interior of the Stanford Memorial Church at the center of the Main QuadLou Henry Hoover House from NW.jpg|Lou Henry Hoover House, official residence of the University PresidentStanford University Hoover Tower.JPG|Hoover Tower, at {{convert|285|ft|m}}, the tallest building on campusThe Dish, Stanford University.jpg|The Dish, a {{convert|150|ft|m}} diameter radio telescope on the Stanford foothills overlooking the main campusThe-Golden-Spike-7Oct2012.jpg|The original Golden spike on display at the Cantor Arts Museum at Stanford UniversityStanford University Arches with Memorial Church in the background.jpg|Stanford Quad with Memorial Church in the backgroundClaw Fountain at Stanford Univerisity.JPG|White Memorial Fountain (The Claw)

Administration and organization

Stanford University is a private, non-profit university that is administered as a corporate trust governed by a privately appointed board of trustees with a maximum membership of 38.{{refn|group=note|The rules governing the board have changed over time. The original 24 trustees were appointed for life in 1885 by the Stanfords as were some of the subsequent replacements. In 1899 Jane Stanford changed the maximum number of trustees from 24 to 15 and set the term of office to 10 years. On June 1, 1903, she resigned her powers as founder and the board took on its full powers. In the 1950s the board decided that 15 members was not sufficient to do all the work needed and in March 1954 petitioned the courts to raise the maximum number to 23, of whom 20 would be regular trustees serving 10-year terms and 3 would be alumni trustees serving 5-year terms. In 1970 another petition was successfully made to have the number raised to a maximum of 35 (with a minimum of 25), that all trustees would be just trustees and that the university president would be a trustee ex officio. The last original trustee, Timothy Hopkins, died in 1936; the last life trustee, Joseph D. Grant appointed in 1891 died in 1942.|name=noteTrustees}} Trustees serve five-year terms (not more than two consecutive terms) and meet five times annually.WEB,weblink University Governance and Organization, Stanford University, December 20, 2013, A new trustee is chosen by the current trustees by ballot.WEB,weblink Stanford University – The Founding Grant with Amendments, Legislation, and Court Decrees, Stanford University, 1987, December 30, 2013, dead,weblink January 20, 2013, The Stanford trustees also oversee the Stanford Research Park, the Stanford Shopping Center, the Cantor Center for Visual Arts, Stanford University Medical Center, and many associated medical facilities (including the Lucile Packard Children's Hospital).WEB,weblink Stanford University Facts—Finances and Governance, Stanford University, November 27, 2008, dead,weblink" title="">weblink November 15, 2008, The Board appoints a President to serve as the chief executive officer of the university and prescribe the duties of professors and course of study, manage financial and business affairs, and appoint nine vice presidents.WEB,weblink University Governance and Organization, Stanford University, December 20, 2013, The Provost is the chief academic and budget officer, to whom the deans of each of the seven schools report.WEB, About the Provost,weblink Office of the Provost, Stanford University, February 7, 2017, en, WEB,weblink About the Office {{!, Office of the Provost |publisher=Stanford University |accessdate=June 23, 2018 }} Persis Drell became the 13th Provost in February 2017.As of 2018 the university was organized into seven academic schools.WEB, Stanford's Seven Schools,weblink Stanford University, May 29, 2018, The schools of Humanities and Sciences (27 departments),WEB, School of Humanities and Sciences {{!, Stanford University|url=||accessdate=May 29, 2018|language=en}} Engineering (9 departments),WEB, School of Engineering {{!, Stanford University|url=||accessdate=May 29, 2018|language=en}} and Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences (4 departments)WEB, School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences {{!, Stanford University|url=||accessdate=May 29, 2018|language=en}} have both graduate and undergraduate programs while the Schools of Law, Medicine, Education and Business have graduate programs only. The powers and authority of the faculty are vested in the Academic Council, which is made up of tenure and non-tenure line faculty, research faculty, senior fellows in some policy centers and institutes, the president of the university, and some other academic administrators, but most matters are handled by the Faculty Senate, made up of 55 elected representatives of the faculty.WEB,weblink University Governance and Organization, Stanford University, December 20, 2013, The Associated Students of Stanford University (ASSU) is the student government for Stanford University and all registered students are members. Its elected leadership consists of the Undergraduate Senate elected by the undergraduate students, the Graduate Student Council elected by the graduate students, and the President and Vice President elected as a ticket by the entire student body.WEB,weblink University Governance and Organization, Stanford University, December 20, 2013, Stanford is the beneficiary of a special clause in the California Constitution, which explicitly exempts Stanford property from taxation so long as the property is used for educational purposes.BOOK, Joseph R., Grodin, Calvin R., Massey, Richard B., Cunningham, The California State Constitution: A Reference Guide, Westport, Connecticut, 311, Greenwood Press, 1993, 0-313-27228-X,weblink

Endowment and donations

The university's endowment, managed by the Stanford Management Company, was valued at $24.8 billion in August 2017.WEB, The Stanford Endowment,weblink Stanford University, September 3, 2018, {{rp|2}}BOOK, Stanford University Annual Financial Report, August 31, 2017, Stanford University,weblink September 3, 2018, {{rp|1}} Payouts from the Stanford endowment covered approximately 22% of university expenses in the 2017 fiscal year (September 1 through August 31).{{rp|2}} In the 2018 NACUBO-TIAA survey of colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, only Harvard University, the University of Texas System, and Yale University had larger endowments than Stanford.WEB,weblink 2018 NACUBO-TIAA Study of Endowments, 2019, June 9, 2019, In 2006, President John L. Hennessy launched a five-year campaign called the Stanford Challenge, which reached its $4.3 billion fundraising goal in 2009, two years ahead of time, but continued fundraising for the duration of the campaign. It concluded on December 31, 2011, having raised a total of $6.23 billion and breaking the previous campaign fundraising record of $3.88 billion held by Yale.WEB,weblink Stanford Raises $6.2 Billion in Five-Year Campaign, Inside Higher Ed, February 8, 2012, NEWS, Stanford Nets $6.2 billion in 5-year Campaign,weblink The Huffington Post, February 9, 2012, Specifically, the campaign raised $253.7 million for undergraduate financial aid, as well as $2.33 billion for its initiative in "Seeking Solutions" to global problems, $1.61 billion for "Educating Leaders" by improving K-12 education, and $2.11 billion for "Foundation of Excellence" aimed at providing academic support for Stanford students and faculty. Funds supported 366 new fellowships for graduate students, 139 new endowed chairs for faculty, and 38 new or renovated buildings. The new funding also enabled the construction of a facility for stem cell research; a new campus for the business school; an expansion of the law school; a new Engineering Quad; a new art and art history building; an on-campus concert hall; a new art museum; and a planned expansion of the medical school, among other things.WEB, Stanford Concludes Transformative Campaign,weblink WEB,weblink The Stanford Challenge – Final Report – By the Numbers: Overall, February 26, 2012, dead,weblink" title="">weblink February 12, 2012, In 2012 the university raised $1.035 billion, becoming the first school to raise more than a billion dollars in a year.NEWS, Stanford University is 1st College to raise $1B, Chea, Terence, February 20, 2013,weblink Associated Press, March 12, 2013, In fiscal year 2017, 1.1 billion was donated though some of this was for operating expenses (e.g., new buildings) and not the endowment.{{rp|2}}


Teaching and learning

(File:Stanford University Walkway Panorama.jpg|thumb|left|upright|Walkway in the Main Quad)Stanford follows a quarter system with Autumn quarter usually starting in late September and Spring Quarter ending in early June.WEB,weblink Carnegie Classifications—Stanford University, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, January 22, 2014, The full-time, four-year undergraduate program has an arts and sciences focus with high graduate student coexistence. Stanford is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges.WEB,weblink WASC—Stanford Reaccreditation by WASC, Stanford University Registrar's Office, December 20, 2013, Full-time undergraduate tuition was $42,690 for 2013–2014.WEB,weblink Common Data Set, 2013, Stanford University, December 20, 2013, Stanford's admission process is need-blind for US citizens and permanent residents; while it is not need-blind for international students, 64% are on need-based aid, with an average aid package of $31,411. In 2012–13, the university awarded $126 million in need-based financial aid to 3,485 students, with an average aid package of $40,460. Eighty percent of students receive some form of financial aid. Stanford has a no-loan policy. For undergraduates admitted in 2015, Stanford waives tuition, room, and board for most families with incomes below $65,000, and most families with incomes below $125,000 are not required to pay tuition; those with incomes up to $150,000 may have tuition significantly reduced.NEWS,weblink Stanford offers admission to 2,144 students, expands financial aid program, March 27, 2015, Stanford News, May 2, 2015, 17% of students receive Pell Grants, a common measure of low-income students at a college.

Research centers and institutes

File:Hoover Tower Stanford January 2013.jpg|thumb|upright|Hoover Tower, inspired by the cathedral tower at Salamanca in SpainSpainAs of 2016 the Office of the Vice Provost and Dean of Research oversaw eighteen independent laboratories, centers, and institutes.WEB,weblink Interdisciplinary Laboratories, Centers, and Institutes, Stanford University, October 27, 2016, Other Stanford-affiliated institutions include the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (originally the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center), the Stanford Research Institute (an independent institution which originated at the university), the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace (a major public policy think tank that attracts visiting scholars from around the world) and the Hasso Plattner Institute of Design (a multidisciplinary design school in cooperation with the Hasso Plattner Institute of University of Potsdam that integrates product design, engineering, and business management education).{{citation needed|date=June 2016}}Stanford is home to the Martin Luther King Jr. Research and Education Institute which grew out of and still contains the Martin Luther King Jr. Papers Project, a collaboration with the King Center to publish the King papers held by the King Center.WEB, The King Papers Project,weblink The Martin Luther King Jr. Research and Education Institute, It also runs the John S. Knight Fellowship for Professional Journalists and the Center for Ocean Solutions, which brings together marine science and policy to address challenges facing the ocean.WEB,weblink Center for Ocean Solutions, Stanford Woods, April 16, 2014, Together with UC Berkeley and UC San Francisco, Stanford is part of the Biohub, a new medical science research center founded in 2016 by a $600 million commitment from Facebook CEO and founder Mark Zuckerberg and pediatrician Priscilla Chan.

Libraries and digital resources

File:Stanford University Green Library Bing Wing.jpg|thumb|right|Green LibraryGreen LibraryAs of 2014, Stanford University Libraries (SUL) held a collection of more than 9.3 million volumes, nearly 300,000 rare or special books, 1.5 million e-books, 2.5 million audiovisual materials, 77,000 serials, nearly 6 million microform holdings, and thousands of other digital resources.WEB,weblink Stanford University, 2014, Stanford Facts: Stanford Libraries, December 11, 2014, The main library in the SU library system is Green Library, which also contains various meeting and conference rooms, study spaces, and reading rooms. Lathrop Library (previously Meyer Library, demolished in 2015), holds various student-accessible media resources and houses one of the largest East Asia collections with 540,000 volumes.


File:Les-bourgeois-de-Calais.jpg|thumb|right|Bronze statues by Auguste Rodin are scattered throughout the campus, including these Burghers of Calais.]]Stanford University is home to the Cantor Center for Visual Arts museum with 24 galleries, sculpture gardens, terraces, and a courtyard first established in 1891 by Jane and Leland Stanford as a memorial to their only child. The Center's collection of works by Rodin is among the largest in the worldWEB,weblink Rodin! The Complete Stanford Collection, Cantor Arts Center, April 16, 2014, The Thomas Welton Stanford Gallery, built in 1917, serves as a teaching resource for the Department of Art & Art History as well as an exhibition venue. There are outdoor art installations throughout the campus, primarily sculptures, but some murals as well. The Papua New Guinea Sculpture Garden near Roble Hall features includes wood carvings and "totem poles."The Stanford music department sponsors many ensembles including five choirs, the Stanford Symphony Orchestra, Stanford Taiko, and the Stanford Wind Ensemble. Extracurricular activities include theater groups such as Ram's Head Theatrical Society, the Stanford Improvisors,WEB,weblink Virtual Host Frozen,, the Stanford Shakespeare Society, and the Stanford Savoyards, a group dedicated to performing the works of Gilbert and Sullivan. There are award-winning a cappella music groups including the Mendicants,WEB,weblink About the Mendicants, July 22, 2012, Counterpoint,WEB,weblink About Counterpoint, July 22, 2012, the Stanford Fleet Street Singers,WEB,weblink About Fleet Street, August 29, 2017, Because Fleet Street maintains Stanford songs as a regular part of its performing repertoire, the university used the group as ambassadors during the University's centennial celebration and commissioned an album, entitled Up Toward Mountains Higher (1999), of Stanford songs which were sent to alumni around the world. Harmonics, Mixed Company,WEB,weblink About Mixed Company, July 22, 2012, Testimony, Talisman, Everyday People, and Raagapella.WEB,weblink About Raagapella, August 25, 2012, {{Clear}}

Reputation and rankings


{{col-break}}{| class="wikitable sortable collapsible collapsed" style="float:right" "text-align:center"! colspan=4 style="{{CollegePrimaryStyle|Stanford Cardinal|color=white}}" |National Program RankingsMAGAZINE, Stanford University – U.S. News Best Grad School Rankings, U.S. News & World Report, July 28, 2019,weblink ! Program! Ranking| 1| 2| 2| 1| 2| 1| 3| 2| 3| 15| 1| 2| 2| 48| 3| 21| 1| 1| 1| 5| 1{{col-break}}{| class="wikitable sortable collapsible collapsed" style="float:right" "text-align:center"! colspan=4 style="{{CollegePrimaryStyle|Stanford Cardinal|color=white}}" |Global Program RankingsMAGAZINE, Stanford University – U.S. News Best Global University Rankings, U.S. News & World Report, July 28, 2019,weblink ! Program! Ranking| 13| 3| 4| 7| 11| 3| 14| 4| 26| 12| 3| 2| 14| 3| 2| 8| 2| 27| 3| 2| 9{{col-end}}Notably, Stanford ranks high and often first in many domestic college ranking measures, leading Slate to dub Stanford in 2014 as "the Harvard of the 21st century,"WEB,weblink Silicon Is the New Ivy, Slate, April 15, 2013, June 8, 2014, Oremus, Will, and The New York Times in the same year to conclude that "Stanford University has become America's 'it' school, by measures that Harvard once dominated."WEB,weblink To Young Minds of Today, Harvard Is the Stanford of the East, The New York Times, May 29, 2014, June 8, 2014, Pérez-Peña, Richard, From polls done by The Princeton Review in 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019, the most commonly named "dream college" for students was Stanford; separately, parents, too, most frequently named Stanford their "dream college."NEWS, College Hopes & Worries Press Release,weblink Princeton Review, en, August 28, 2017, The inaugural 2017 Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education College Rankings picked Stanford as the No. 1 school in the United States.WEB,weblink WSJ/THE College Rankings, (File:Stanford University Main Quad May 2011 006.jpg|thumb|Gate to the Main Quad)Globally, the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) ranked Stanford second in the world most years from 2003 to 2016.WEB,weblink ARWU-Stanford University, 2016, September 19, 2016, In 2019, it ranked 4th among the universities around the world by SCImago Institutions Rankings.WEB,weblink SCImago Institutions Rankings - Higher Education - All Regions and Countries - 2019 - Overall Rank,, Additionally, Times Higher Education recognized Stanford as one of the world's "six super brands" on its World Reputation Rankings, along with Berkeley, Cambridge, Harvard, MIT, and Oxford.WEB, Morgan, John, Top Six Universities Dominate THE World Reputation Rankings,weblink "The rankings suggest that the top six-...Stanford University and the University of Oxford – form a group of globally recognized "super brands"., Stanford was ranked fifth in the 2016,WEB,weblink Ten institutions that dominated science in 2015accessdate=May 27, 2019, 2017,HTTPS://WWW.NATUREINDEX.COM/ANNUAL-TABLES/2017/INSTITUTION/ALL/ALL >TITLE=2017 TABLES: INSTITUTIONSACCESSDATE=MAY 27, 2019, and 2018HTTPS://WWW.NATUREINDEX.COM/NEWS-BLOG/TWENTY-EIGHTEEN-ANNUAL-TABLES-TEN-INSTITUTIONS-THAT-DOMINATED-SCIENCES >TITLE=10 INSTITUTIONS THAT DOMINATED SCIENCE IN 2017ACCESSDATE=MAY 27, 2019, Nature Index Annual Tables, which measure the largest contributors to papers published in 82 leading journals.HTTPS://WWW.NATUREINDEX.COM/FAQ#INTRODUCTION1 >TITLE=INTRODUCTION TO THE NATURE INDEX, May 27, 2019,

Discoveries and innovation

{{See also|Carnegie Mellon University#Discoveries and innovation|University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign#Discoveries and innovation|Massachusetts Institute of Technology#Discoveries and innovation|University of California, Berkeley#Discoveries and innovation label 2 = Illinois discoveries and innovation label 4 = UC Berkeley discoveries and innovation| selfref = yes| category = no}}

Natural sciences

  • Biological synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) – Arthur Kornberg synthesized DNA material and won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1959 for his work at Stanford.
  • First Transgenic organism – Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer were the first scientists to transplant genes from one living organism to another, a fundamental discovery for genetic engineering.BOOK,weblink A to Z of biologists, Yount, Lisa, 2003, Facts on File, 978-0-8160-4541-9, New York, 47–49, May 4, 2016, JOURNAL, Cohen, S. N., September 16, 2013, DNA cloning: A personal view after 40 years, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 39, 15521–15529, 10.1073/pnas.1313397110, 3785787, 24043817, 2013PNAS..11015521C, Thousands of products have been developed on the basis of their work, including human growth hormone and hepatitis B vaccine.
  • Laser – Arthur Leonard Schawlow shared the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physics with Nicolaas Bloembergen and Kai Siegbahn for his work on lasers.WEB,weblink Arthur L. Schawlow, IEEE Global History Network, IEEE, August 10, 2011, JOURNAL, Hänsch, Theodor W., Theodor W. Hänsch, December 1999, Obituary: Arthur Leonard Schawlow,weblink Physics Today, 52, 12, 75–76, 1999PhT....52l..75H, 10.1063/1.2802854,
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance – Felix Bloch developed new ways and methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements, which are the underlying principles of the MRI.JOURNAL, Alvarez, Luis W., Luis Walter Alvarez, Bloch, F., 1940, A Quantitative Determination of the Neutron Moment in Absolute Nuclear Magnetons, Physical Review, 57, 2, 111–122, 1940PhRv...57..111A, 10.1103/PhysRev.57.111, JOURNAL, Bloch, F., Hansen, W. W., W. W. Hansen, Packard, Martin, February 1, 1946, Nuclear Induction, Physical Review, 69, 3–4, 127, 1946PhRv...69..127B, 10.1103/PhysRev.69.127,

Computer and applied sciences

Businesses and entrepreneurship

Stanford is one of the most successful universities in creating companies and licensing its inventions to existing companies; it is often held up as a model for technology transfer.Nigel Page. The Making of a Licensing Legend: Stanford University’s Office of Technology Licensing. Chapter 17.13 in Sharing the Art of IP Management. Globe White Page Ltd, London, U.K. 2007Timothy Lenoir. Inventing the entrepreneurial university: Stanford and the co-evolution of Silicon Valley pp. 88-128 in Building Technology Transfer within Research Universities: An Entrepreneurial Approach Edited by Thomas J. Allen and Rory P. O'Shea. Cambridge University Press, 2014. {{ISBN|9781139046930}} Stanford's Office of Technology Licensing is responsible for commercializing developments. The university is described as having a strong venture culture in which students are encouraged, and often funded, to launch their own companies.NEWS,weblink Special Report: At Stanford, venture capital reaches into the dorm, McBride, Sarah, December 12, 2014, Reuters, October 28, 2017, Some companies closely associated with Stanford include: Companies founded by Stanford alumni though not necessarily while at Stanford generate more than $2.7 trillion in annual revenue, equivalent to the 10th-largest economy in the world.

Student life

Student body {| style"text-align:center; width: 50%; float:right; font-size:85%; margin-left:2em; " class"wikitable"

weblink" title="">weblink October 15, 2012, dead, WEB, California QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau, United States Census Bureau, September 18, 2012,weblink September 29, 2012, See also Demographics of California and Demographics of the United States.! !! Undergraduate !! AdjustedPercentageadjusted for US citizens and permanent residents only since racial breakdown in the Stanford data is not given for students here on temporary visas. The census data for California and the United States as a whole does include people who are here on temporary visas or who are undocumented. !! Graduate || California !! United States! Black or African AmericanDoes not include Hispanic Americans| 13.1%! Asian| 5.0%! White| 63.4%! Hispanic/Latino| 16.7%! American Indian / N. Alaskan| 1.2%! Native Hawaiian / U.S. Pacific Islander| 0.2%! Two or more races| 2.3%! Race/ethnicity unknown| n/a! International student| n/a Notes
Stanford enrolled 7,061 undergraduate and 11,075 graduate students as of October 2013, and women comprised 47% of undergraduates and 41% of professional and graduate students. In the same academic year, the freshman retention rate was 99%.Stanford awarded 1,715 undergraduate degrees, 2,278 master's degrees, 764 doctoral degrees, and 366 professional degrees in the 2011–2012 school year. The four-year graduation rate in the class of 2011 was 76%, and the six-year rate was 96%. The relatively low four-year graduation rate is a function of the university's coterminal degree (or "coterm") program, which allows students to earn a master's degree as an extension of their undergraduate program.WEB,weblink Best Colleges—Education, U.S. News & World Report, August 19, 2009, July 9, 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink March 14, 2009, As of 2010, fifteen percent of undergraduates were first-generation students.NEWS,weblink Concerns of first-generation students must remain a priority, October 1, 2010, The Stanford Daily, January 31, 2011,

Dormitories and student housing

As of 2013, 89% of undergraduate students lived in on-campus university housing. First-year undergraduates are required to live on campus, and all undergraduates are guaranteed housing for all four undergraduate years.WEB,weblink Stanford University—Student Housing—Apply for Housing 2013–14,, February 2, 2014, Undergraduates live in 80 different houses, including dormitories, co-ops, row houses, and fraternities and sororities.WEB,weblink Stanford Housing—Undergraduate Residences, Stanford University, November 27, 2008, At Manzanita Park, 118 mobile homes were installed as "temporary" housing from 1969 to 1991, but as of 2015 was the site of newer dorms Castano, Kimball, Lantana, and the Humanities House, completed in 2015.WEB,weblink Manzanita trailers to house Webb Ranch workers,, July 9, 2010, NEWS, Chelsey, Kate, Manzanita residence hall aims at humanities,weblink October 24, 2015, Stanford Report, Stanford University, March 20, 2015, Most student residences are just outside the campus core, within ten minutes (on foot or bike) of most classrooms and libraries. Some are reserved for freshman, sophomores, or upperclass students and some are open to all four classes. Most residences are co-ed; seven are all-male fraternities, three are all-female sororities, and there is also one all-female non-sorority house, Roth House. In most residences, men and women live on the same floor, but a few dorms are configured for men and women to live on separate floors (single-gender floors).WEB,weblink October 9, 2015,weblink dead, Stanford University—Student Housing—Tour Undergraduate Housing,, July 9, 2010, (File:Stanford-bikes.jpg|thumb|left|Many students use bicycles to get around the large campus.)Several residences are considered theme houses. The Academic, Language and Culture Houses include EAST (Education And Society Themed House), Hammarskjöld (International Themed House), Haus Mitteleuropa (Central European Themed House), La Casa Italiana (Italian Language and Culture), La Maison Française (French Language and Culture House), Slavianskii Dom (Slavic/East European Themed House), Storey (Human Biology Themed House), and Yost (Spanish Language and Culture). Cross-Cultural Themed Houses include Casa Zapata (Chicano/Latino Theme in Stern Hall), Muwekma-tah-ruk (American Indian/Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian Themed House), Okada (Asian-American Themed House in Wilbur Hall), and Ujamaa (Black/African-American Themed House in Lagunita Court). Focus Houses include Freshman-Sophomore College (Academic Focus), Branner Hall (Community Service), Kimball (Arts & Performing Arts), Crothers (Global Citizenship), and Toyon (Sophomore Priority). Theme houses predating the current "theme" classification system are Columbae (Social Change Through Nonviolence, since 1970),WEB,weblink Columbae House, Stanford University, April 10, 2012, and Synergy (Exploring Alternatives, since 1972).WEB,weblink Synergy House, Stanford University, April 10, 2012, Co-ops or "Self-Ops" are another housing option. These houses feature cooperative living, where residents and eating associates each contribute work to keep the house running, such as cooking meals or cleaning shared spaces. These houses have unique themes around which their community is centered. Many co-ops are hubs of music, art and philosophy. The co-ops on campus are 576 Alvarado Row (formerly Chi Theta Chi), Columbae, Enchanted Broccoli Forest (EBF), Hammarskjöld, Kairos, Terra (the unofficial LGBT house),WEB,weblink About Terra, ResEd, Stanford University, February 8, 2016, and Synergy.WEB,weblink Residential Education—Cooperative Houses, Stanford University, November 27, 2008, Phi Sigma, at 1018 Campus Drive was formerly Phi Sigma Kappa fraternity, but in 1973 became a Self-Op.This chapter had voiced concern that women were being treated unfairly due to the campus ban on sororities. Nu Deuteron Chapter voted to become co-ed in 1973, relinquishing its charter over the matter, according to fraternity records (accessed November 17, 2016). This occurred just four years before the ban on sororities was ended by the Regents.As of 2015 around 55 percent of the graduate student population lived on campus.NEWS, Lapin, Lisa, Chelsey, Kate, New graduate housing proposed for Escondido Village,weblink October 24, 2015, Stanford Report, Stanford University, October 22, 2015, First-year graduate students are guaranteed on-campus housing. Stanford also subsidizes off-campus apartments in nearby Palo Alto, Menlo Park, and Mountain View for graduate students who are guaranteed on-campus housing but are unable to live on campus due to a lack of space.WEB, Off Campus Subsidized Apartments,weblink Student Housing, Stanford University, October 24, 2015,


File:Stanstadium view.jpg|thumb|The new Stanford StadiumStanford StadiumFile:11-04-06-LSJUMB-003.jpg|thumb|The Leland Stanford Junior University Marching BandLeland Stanford Junior University Marching BandAs of 2016 Stanford had 16 male varsity sports and 20 female varsity sports,Stanford Sports Page accessed June 11, 2016 19 club sportsWEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink dead, April 9, 2015, Stanford Cardinal Recreation – Club Sports, Stanford University, June 11, 2016, and about 27 intramural sportsweblink" title="">Cardinal Recreation – Intramural Sports Page accessed June 11, 2016 In 1930, following a unanimous vote by the Executive Committee for the Associated Students, the athletic department adopted the mascot "Indian." The Indian symbol and name were later dropped by President Richard Lyman in 1972, after objections from Native American students and a vote by the student senate.WEB, What is the history of Stanford's mascot and nickname?,weblink Stanford Athletics, July 7, 2015, July 7, 2015, The sports teams are now officially referred to as the "Stanford Cardinal", referring to the deep red color, not the cardinal bird. Stanford is a member of the Pac-12 Conference in most sports, the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation in several other sports, and the America East Conference in field hockeyPRESS RELEASE,weblink Cal, UC Davis, Pacific, Stanford Added As #AEFH Associate Members, America East Conference, October 16, 2014, November 17, 2014, with the participation in the inter-collegiate NCAA's Division I FBS.Its traditional sports rival is Berkeley, the neighbor to the north in the East Bay. The winner of the annual "Big Game" between the Cal and Cardinal football teams gains custody of the Stanford Axe.Jay Matthews for Newsweek. August 8, 2008 weblink" title="">The 12 Top College Rivalries in the CountryStanford has had at least one NCAA team champion every year since the 1976–77 school yearNEWS,weblink USA Today, June 22, 2010, February 10, 2014, Eddie, Timanus, and has earned 123 NCAA national team titles since its establishment, the most among universities (six more than the four times larger enrollment UCLA Bruins), and Stanford has won 522 individual national championships, the most by any university. Stanford has won the award for the top-ranked Division 1 athletic program — the NACDA Directors' Cup, formerly known as the Sears Cup – annually for the past twenty-four straight years.WEB,weblink Stanford Athletics 'By The Numbers' : Stanford – Home of Champions,, December 20, 2013, WEB,weblinkpublisher=Stanford Universityaccessdate=December 20, 2013, HTTP://WWW.NACDA.COM/SPORTS/DIRECTORSCUP/SPEC-REL/061417AAB.HTML>TITLE=STANFORD CAPTURES 2016–17 DIVISION I LEARFIELD DIRECTORS’ CUPFIRST=WEBSITE=NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COLLEGIATE DIRECTORS OF ATHLETICS (NACDA)LAST=LEEDATE=JUNE 28, 2017ACCESS-DATE=, Stanford athletes have won medals in every Olympic Games since 1912, winning 270 Olympic medals total, 139 of them gold.HTTP://WWW.GOSTANFORD.COM/NEWS/2016/7/7/ATHLETICS-BOUND-FOR-RIO.ASPX>TITLE=WRAPPING UP RIOACCESS-DATE=AUGUST 24, 2016, In the 2008 Summer Olympics, and 2016 Summer Olympics, Stanford won more Olympic medals than any other university in the United States.WHAT STANFORD UNIVERSITY AND JAPAN HAVE IN COMMON>URL=HTTP://WWW.FREAKONOMICS.COM/2008/09/03/WHAT-JAPAN-AND-STANFORD-UNIVERSITY-HAVE-IN-COMMON/ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20130521144911/HTTP://WWW.GOSTANFORD.COM/SPORTS/OLYMPICS/SPEC-REL/081412AAB.HTMLPUBLISHER=STANFORD ATHLETICSPUBLISHER=STANFORD DAILY URL-STATUS=DEAD ARCHIVEDATE=MAY 21, 2013,


(File:Stanford banner.jpg|thumb|Vintage Stanford University postcard)
  • The unofficial motto of Stanford University, selected by President Jordan, is "Die Luft der Freiheit weht."WEB, Stanford Facts: The Founding of the University
publisher = Stanford University accessdate = December 11, 2014, Translated from the German language, this quotation from Ulrich von Hutten means, "The wind of freedom blows." The motto was controversial during World War I, when anything in German was suspect; at that time the university disavowed that this motto was official.
  • "Hail, Stanford, Hail" is the Stanford Hymn sometimes sung at ceremonies or adapted by the various University singing groups. It was written in 1892 by mechanical engineering professor Albert W. Smith and his wife, Mary Roberts Smith (in 1896 she earned the first Stanford doctorate in Economics and later became associate professor of Sociology), but was not officially adopted until after a performance on campus in March 1902 by the Mormon Tabernacle Choir.WEB,weblink Century at Stanford, Karen Bartholomew,, March–April 2002, August 22, 2014, weblink {{webarchive|url=|date=February 2, 2014}}
  • Uncommon Man/Uncommon Woman: Stanford does not award honorary degrees,WEB,weblink Stanford Bulletin: Conferral of Degrees, September 19, 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink December 28, 2011, WEB,weblink Stanford Bulletin 2008/2009: Conferral of Degrees,, September 19, 2014, but in 1953 the degree of Uncommon Man/Uncommon Woman was created to recognize individuals who give rare and extraordinary service to the University. Technically, this degree is awarded by the Stanford Associates, a voluntary group that is part of the university's alumni association. As Stanford's highest honor, it is not conferred at prescribed intervals, but only when appropriate to recognize extraordinary service. Recipients include Herbert Hoover, Bill Hewlett, Dave Packard, Lucile Packard, and John Gardner.WEB, Degree of Uncommon Man and Uncommon Woman Award, Stanford Alumni Association,weblink
  • Big Game events: The events in the week leading up to the Big Game vs. UC Berkeley, including Gaieties (a musical written, composed, produced, and performed by the students of Ram's Head Theatrical Society),WEB, The History of Big Game Gaieties, Ram's Head Theatrical Society,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink dead, December 15, 2012, October 5, 2013, The Big Game Gaieties started in 1911 (when the Big Game was rugby) but did not acquire its present name until the 1920s when it also became part of Rams Head. The tradition was dormant from 1968 until revived in 1976 and has run ever since.
  • Viennese Ball: a formal ball with waltzes that was initially started in the 1970s by students returning from the now-closed Stanford in Vienna overseas program.NEWS, Strictly Ballroom, Theresa, Johnston, Stanford Magazine, Stanford Alumni Association, May 2002,weblink It is now open to all students.
  • Mausoleum Party: An annual Halloween Party at the Stanford Mausoleum, the final resting place of Leland Stanford Jr. and his parents. A 20-year tradition, the Mausoleum party was on hiatus from 2002 to 2005 due to a lack of funding, but was revived in 2006.WEB,weblink A Party to Die For, January–February 2007, Stanford Magazine, Stanford Alumni Association, Chien, Jennifer, November 3, 2009, In 2008, it was hosted in Old Union rather than at the actual Mausoleum, because rain prohibited generators from being rented.NEWS, Banerjee, Devin, Mausoleum Party is a go: Regardless of rain, party set for Old Union,weblink March 19, 2016, Stanford Daily, 31, 234, 3, October 31, 2008, In 2009, after fundraising efforts by the Junior Class Presidents and the ASSU Executive, the event was able to return to the Mausoleum despite facing budget cuts earlier in the year.NEWS,weblink Mausoleum: next to die?, Stanford Daily, Feliciano, Cassandra, October 7, 2009, 1, 236, 14, March 18, 2016,
  • Former campus traditions include the Big Game bonfire on Lake Lagunita (a seasonal lake usually dry in the fall), which was formally ended in 1997 because of the presence of endangered salamanders in the lake bed.Stanford Press Release, October 1, 1997 Big Game Bonfire is a tradition of the past

Religious life

Students and staff at Stanford are of many different religions. The Stanford Office for Religious Life's mission is "to guide, nurture and enhance spiritual, religious and ethical life within the Stanford University community" by promoting enriching dialogue, meaningful ritual, and enduring friendships among people of all religious backgrounds. It is headed by a dean with the assistance of a senior associate dean and an associate dean.Stanford Memorial Church, in the center of campus, has a Sunday University Public Worship service (UPW) usually in the "Protestant Ecumenical Christian" tradition where the Memorial Church Choir sings and a sermon is preached usually by one of the Stanford deans for Religious Life. UPW sometimes has multifaith services.WEB, University Public Worship publisher = Stanford University,weblink October 5, 2013, In addition, the church is used by the Catholic community and by some of the other Christian denominations at Stanford. Weddings happen most Saturdays and the university has for over 20 years allowed blessings of same-gender relationships and now legal weddings.In addition to the church, the Office for Religious Life has a Center for Inter-Religious Community, Learning and Experiences (CIRCLE) on the third floor of Old Union. It offers a common room, an interfaith sanctuary, a seminar room, a student lounge area and a reading room, as well as offices housing a number of Stanford Associated Religions (SAR) member groups and the Senior Associate Dean and Associate Dean for Religious Life. Most though not all religious student groups belong to SAR. The SAR directory includes organizations that serve atheist, Baha'i, Buddhist, Christian, Hindu, Islam, Jewish, and Sikh groups, though these groups vary year by year.WEB, Stanford Associated Religions, Office for Religious Life, Stanford Universityweblink> accessdate = October 5, 2013, The Windhover Contemplation Center was dedicated in October 2014, and was intended to provide spiritual sanctuary for students and staff in the midst of their course and work schedules; the center displays the "Windhover" paintings by Nathan Oliveira, the late Stanford professor and artist.WEB, Xu, Victor, Windhover contemplative center to finish by early summer, The Stanford Daily, The Stanford Daily url=weblink September 30, 2014, Some religions have a larger and more formal presence on campus in addition to the student groups; these include the Catholic Community at StanfordWEB, Catholic Community at Stanford: About us,weblink December 11, 2014,weblink" title="">weblink September 13, 2011, dead, mdy-all, The Catholic Community is a personal parish in the Diocese of San Jose and staffed by the Dominicans and lay leaders. and Hillel at Stanford.WEB, Hillel at Stanford: About,weblink October 5, 2013, dead,weblink" title="">weblink October 9, 2013, mdy-all,

Greek life

Fraternities and sororities have been active on the Stanford campus since 1891, when the university first opened. In 1944, University President Donald Tresidder banned all Stanford sororities due to extreme competition.WEB,weblink Kappa Kappa Gamma,, April 26, 1944, July 9, 2010, dead,weblink" title="">weblink May 28, 2010, However, following Title IX, the Board of Trustees lifted the 33-year ban on sororities in 1977.WEB,weblink Chi Omega – Nu Alpha – History,, September 19, 2014, dead,weblink" title="">weblink January 20, 2013, Students are not permitted to join a fraternity or sorority until Spring quarter of their freshman year.WEB, Frequently Asked Questions,weblink Stanford Residential Education, Stanford University, June 17, 2016, As of 2016 Stanford had 31 Greek organizations, including 14 sororities and 16 fraternities. Nine of the Greek organizations were housed (eight in University-owned houses and one, Sigma Chi, in their own house [although the land is owned by the University]NEWS, Soong-Shiong, Nika, Life at Summer Chi,weblink June 17, 2016, Stanford Daily, August 23, 2013, ). Six chapters were members of the African American Fraternal and Sororal Association, 11 chapters were members of the Interfraternity Council, 7 chapters belonged to the Intersorority Council, and 6 chapters belonged to the Multicultural Greek Council.WEB,weblink FSL Organizations, Stanford University, June 16, 2016,

Student groups

As of 2014 Stanford had 650 student organizations.WEB,weblink Student Organizations, Stanford University, May 26, 2014, Groups are often, though not always, partially funded by the University via allocations directed by the student government organization, the ASSU. These funds include "special fees", which are decided by a Spring Quarter vote by the student body. Groups span from Athletic/Recreational (see section on Athletics), Careers/Pre-professional, Community Service, Ethnic/Cultural, Fraternities/Sororities, Health/Counseling, Media/Publications, Music/Dance/Creative Arts (see section on Arts), Political/Social Awareness to Religious/Philosophical.The Stanford Daily is the daily newspaper and has been published since the University was founded in 1892.WEB, About the Daily,weblink Stanford Daily, June 12, 2016, The Stanford Review is a conservative student newspaper founded in 1987.WEB, Wallace, Lisa, Atallah, Alex, A Brief and Non-Exhaustive History of the Stanford Review,weblink Stanford Review, June 12, 2016, February 9, 2012, dead,weblink" title="">weblink June 11, 2016, The student-run radio station, KZSU Stanford 90.1 FM, features freeform music programming, sports commentary, and news segments; it started in 1947 as an AM radio station.WEB, About KZSU, Stanford University,weblink October 19, 2013, Students run, an online marketplace for Stanford students and alumni, in partnership with Stanford Student Enterprises (SSE) and the Stanford Pre-Business Association.WEB,weblink SPBA, February 16, 2014, The latter is intended to build connections among industry, alumni, and student communities. Stanford Marketing is a student group that provides students hands on training through research and strategy consulting projects with Fortune 500 clients, as well as workshops led by people from industry and professors in the Stanford Graduate School of Business.WEB,weblink Stanford Marketing, February 7, 2015, WEB,weblink Become An Associate, February 10, 2015, dead,weblink" title="">weblink February 9, 2015, Stanford Finance provides mentoring and internships for students who want to enter a career in finance. The Business Association of Stanford Entrepreneurial Students (BASES), is one of the largest professional organizations in Silicon Valley, with over 5,000 members. Its goal is to support the next generation of entrepreneurs. Stanford Women In Business (SWIB) is an on-campus business organization consisting of over a board of 40 and 100 active members. Each year, SWIB organizes over 25 events and workshops, hosts a winter and spring conference, and provides mentorship and spring quarter internships. StartX is a non-profit startup accelerator for student and faculty-led startupsWEB,weblink StartX,, that over 12% of the study body has applied to. It is staffed primarily by students.Other groups include:
  • The Stanford Axe Committee is the official guardian of the Stanford Axe and the rest of the time assists the Stanford Band as a supplementary spirit group. It has existed since 1982.WEB, Stanford Axe Committee: About us,weblink October 5, 2013,
  • The Stanford solar car project, in which students build a solar-powered car every 2 years and race it in either the North American Solar Challenge or the World Solar Challenge.
  • The Pilipino American Student Union (PASU),WEB,weblink PASU, November 2, 2010, a culture-oriented community service and social activism group. Also integral to PASU is a traditional performing arts arm called Kayumanggi.
  • The Stanford Improvisors (SIMPS for short) teach and perform improvisational theatre on campus and in the surrounding community.WEB,weblink The Stanford Improvisors,, November 15, 2017, In 2014 the group finished second in the Golden Gate Regional College Improv tournamentWEB,weblink Tall, Grande, Venti Takes Top Bay College Title to Rep SF in Nationals!, dead,weblink" title="">weblink July 2, 2015, mdy-all, and they've since been invited twice to perform at the annual San Francisco Improv Festival.WEB,weblink San Francisco Improv Festival,, November 15, 2017,
  • Asha for Education is a national student group founded in 1991. It focuses mainly on education in India and supporting nonprofit organizations that work mainly in the education sector. Asha's Stanford chapter organizes events like Holi as well as lectures by prominent leaders from India the university campus.WEB,weblink Asha Dandiya featured in India Abroad Magazine, Asha Stanford, November 21, 2015, WEB,weblink Adhik Kadam’s 100 mile bike ride for 100 donors, Asha Stanford, October 5, 2015, WEB,weblink Asha Stanford Welcome Dinner: with Adhik Kadam and the Borderless World Foundation,,


Stanford's Department of Public Safety is responsible for law enforcement and safety on the main campus. Its deputy sheriffs are peace officers by arrangement with the Santa Clara County Sheriff's Office.WEB, Employment Opportunities,weblink Stanford University Department of Public Safety, June 11, 2016, The department is also responsible for publishing an annual crime report covering the previous three years as required by the Clery Act.WEB, Safety & Security Results: Crime Statistics,weblink Stanford University Department of Public Safety, June 11, 2016, Fire protection has been provided by contract with the Palo Alto Fire Department since 1976.NEWS, Sheyner, Gennady, Palo Alto, Stanford clash over fire services,weblink June 11, 2016, Palo Alto Online, October 22, 2015, Murder is rare on the campus though a few of the cases have been notorious including Theodore Streleski's murder of his professor in 1978 and the unsolved 1974 murder of Arlis Perry in Stanford Memorial Church.NEWS, Xu, Victor, A history of murder at Stanford,weblink June 12, 2016, Stanford Daily, October 10, 2014, In 2014, Stanford University was the tenth highest in the nation in "total of reports of rape" on their main campus, with 26 reports of rape.WEB,weblink These colleges have the most reports of rape, Nick, Anderson, June 7, 2016,, In Stanford University's 2015 Campus Climate Survey, 4.7 percent of female undergraduates reported experiencing sexual assault as defined by the university and 32.9 percent reported experiencing sexual misconduct.NEWS,weblink One-third of Stanford women experience sexual misconduct, survey finds, Kadvany, Elena, October 1, 2015, Palo Alto Onilne, June 15, 2016, According to the survey, 85% of perpetrators of misconduct were Stanford students and 80% were men. Perpetrators of sexual misconduct were frequently aided by alcohol or drugs, according to the survey: "Nearly three-fourths of the students whose responses were categorized as sexual assault indicated that the act was accomplished by a person or person taking advantage of them when they were drunk or high, according to the survey. Close to 70 percent of students who reported an experience of sexual misconduct involving nonconsensual penetration and/or oral sex indicated the same." Associated Students of Stanford University and student and alumni activists with the anti-rape group Stand with Leah criticized the survey methodology for downgrading incidents involving alcohol if students did not check two separate boxes indicating they were both intoxicated and incapacity while sexually assaulted. Reporting on the Brock Turner rape case, a reporter from The Washington Post analyzed campus rape reports submitted by universities to the U.S. Department of Education, and found that Stanford was one of the top ten universities in campus rapes in 2014, with 26 reported that year, but when analyzed by rapes per 1000 students, Stanford was not among the top ten.Nick Anderson for The Washington Post. June 7, 2016 These colleges have the most reports of rapeEarly in the morning of January 18, 2015, a woman visiting campus to attend a party at the Kappa Alpha fraternity was sexually assaulted by Brock Turner, a freshman who had a swimming scholarship. The assault was interrupted by two Swedish graduate students.Liam Stack for The New York Times. June 6, 2016 Light Sentence for Brock Turner in Stanford Rape Case Draws Outrage Stanford immediately referred the case to prosecutors and offered the woman counseling, and within two weeks had barred Turner from campus after conducting an investigation.Ashley Fantz for CNN June 7, 2016 Outrage over 6-month sentence for Brock Turner in Stanford rape case Turner was convicted on three felony charges in March 2016 and in June 2016 he received a jail sentence of six months and was declared a sex offender, requiring him to register as such for the rest of his life; prosecutors had sought a six-year prison sentence out of the maximum 14 years that was possible.Jacqueline Lee for Mercury News. June 2, 2016 Stanford sex assault: Brock Turner gets 6 months in jail The case and the relatively lenient sentence drew nationwide attention.NEWS,weblink Stanford Sex Assault Victim’s Story Draws Worldwide Reaction, Fehely, Devin, June 6, 2016, CBS SF Bay Area, June 10, 2016, Two years later the judge in the case, a Stanford graduate, was recalled by the voters.NEWS,weblink Voters oust judge who gave Brock Turner 6 months for sex assault, June 6, 2018, CNN, September 2, 2018, {{See also|Joe Lonsdale#Personal}}In February 2015, Elise Clougherty filed a sexual assault and harassment lawsuit against venture capitalist Joe Lonsdale.Katie Benner for Bloomberg News. February 2, 2015 Benner on Tech: Parsing a Sexual Assault SuitEmily Bazelon for The New York Times. February 11, 2015 The Stanford Undergraduate and the Mentor Lonsdale and Clougherty entered into a relationship in the spring of 2012 when she was a junior and he was her mentor in a Stanford entrepreneurship course. By the spring of 2013 Clougherty had broken off the relationship and filed charges at Stanford that Lonsdale had broken the Stanford policy against consensual relationships between students and faculty and that he had sexually assaulted and harassed her, which resulted in Lonsdale being banned from Stanford for 10 years. Lonsdale challenged Stanford's finding that he had had sexually assaulted and harassed her and Stanford rescinded that finding and the campus ban in the fall of 2015.Emily Bazelon for The New York Times. November 4, 2015 The Lessons of Stanford’s Sex-Assault-Case Reversal Clougherty withdrew her suit that fall as well.WEB,weblink Woman drops sex assault case against U.S. venture capitalist,


As of late 2016, Stanford had 2,153 tenure-line faculty, senior fellows, center fellows, and medical center faculty.WEB, Stanford Facts: The Stanford Faculty,weblink Stanford University, 2014, November 20, 2017,

Award laureates and scholars

Stanford's current community of scholars includes: Stanford's faculty and former faculty includes 46 Nobel laureates, 5 Fields Medalists as well as 14 winners of the Turing Award, the so-called "Nobel Prize in computer science", comprising one third of the awards given in its 44-year history. The university has 27 ACM fellows. It is also affiliated with 4 Gödel Prize winners, 4 Knuth Prize recipients, 10 IJCAI Computers and Thought Award winners, and about 15 Grace Murray Hopper Award winners for their work in the foundations of computer science. Stanford alumni have started many companies and, according to Forbes, has produced the second highest number of billionaires of all universities.NEWS,weblink Billionaire University, April 15, 2011, Forbes, Marie, Thibault, August 5, 2009, MAGAZINE,weblink What MIT Learned from Stanford, Forbes, August 25, 1997, April 16, 2014, Pfeiffer, Eric W., WEB,weblink Stanford Entrepreneurs, Stanford University, March 11, 2011, 13 Stanford alumni have won the Nobel Prize.WEB, Alumni: Stanford University Facts,weblink Stanford University, December 4, 2015, WEB, Stanford Nobel Laureates,weblink Stanford University, May 17, 2017, WEB, Alvin E. Roth – Biographical,weblink Nobel Foundation, May 30, 2017, WEB, Richard E. Taylor – Biographical,weblink Nobel Foundation, May 30, 2017, WEB, Press Release (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2006),weblink Nobel Foundation, May 30, 2017, As of 2016, 116 Stanford students or alumni have been named Rhodes Scholars.WEB, Undergraduate Profile: Stanford University Facts,weblink Stanford Facts at a Glance, Stanford Office of University Communications, May 14, 2017, en, Four more were named in 2017.NEWS, Chesley, Kate, Four from Stanford named Rhodes Scholars {{!, Stanford News |url =weblink |access-date=November 20, 2017 |website=Stanford News |date=November 19, 2017 }}

See also





Further reading

External links

{{Commons}}{{Commons category|Stanford University}}
  • {{Official website}}
  • Stanford Athletics website
  • {{Wikisource-inline|list=
    • EB1911, Leland Stanford Jr. University, x, x,
    • AMERICANA, Leland Stanford Junior University, x, x,
    • COLLIER'S, Leland Stanford, Junior, University, x, x,
}}{{Stanford University}}{{NavboxesStanford Cardinal|color=white}}|list ={{Stanford Presidents}}{{Stanford Provosts}}{{Santa Clara County Colleges and Universities}}{{Pacific-12 Conference navbox}}{{America East Conference navbox}}{{Association of American Universities}}{{Universities Research Association}}{{APRU}}{{CDIO}}{{Palo Alto, California}}{{Silicon Valley}}{{San Jose and Silicon Valley attractions}}}}{{Authority control}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Stanford University" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 7:24am EDT - Mon, Sep 23 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
M.R.M. Parrott