SUPPORT THE WORK

GetWiki

Soissons

ARTICLE SUBJECTS
aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE TYPES
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE ORIGINS
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
Soissons
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{short description|Subprefecture and commune in Hauts-de-France, France}}{{Expand French|topic=geo|date=December 2008|Soissons}}{{for|the rump state of the Roman Empire|Kingdom of Soissons}}







factoids
|elevation m = 55|elevation min m = 38|elevation max m = 130|area km2 = 12.32population_total}}population_as_of}}population_footnotes}}}}Soissons ({{IPA-fr|swasɔ̃}}) is a commune in the northern French department of Aisne, in the region of Hauts-de-France. Located on the Aisne River, about {{convert|100|km|mi}} northeast of Paris, it is one of the most ancient towns of France, and is probably the ancient capital of the Suessiones. Soissons is also the see of an ancient Roman Catholic diocese, whose establishment dates from about 300, and it was the location of a number of church synods called "Council of Soissons".

History

Soissons enters written history under its Celtic name (as later borrowed in Latin), Noviodunum, meaning "new hillfort". At Roman contact, it was a town of the Suessiones, mentioned by Julius Caesar (B. G. ii. 12). Caesar (B.C. 57), after leaving the Axona (modern Aisne), entered the territory of the Suessiones, and making one day's long march, reached Noviodunum, which was surrounded by a high wall and a broad ditch. The place surrendered to Caesar.From 457 to 486, under Aegidius and his son Syagrius, Noviodunum was the capital of the Kingdom of Soissons,EB1911, Soissons, 25, 352, until it fell to the Frankish king Clovis I in 486 after the Battle of Soissons.Part of the Frankish territory of Neustria, the Soissons region, and the Abbey of Saint-Médard, founded in the 6th century, played an important political part during the rule of the Merovingian kings (A.D. 447–751). After the death of Clovis I in 511, Soissons was made the capital of one of the four kingdoms into which his states were divided. Eventually, the kingdom of Soissons disappeared in 613 when the Frankish lands were amalgamated under Chlothar II.The 744 Council of Soissons met at the instigation of Pepin the Short and Saint Boniface, the Pope's missionary to pagan Germany, secured the condemnation of the Frankish bishop Adalbert and the Irish missionary Clement.BOOK, Dierkens, Alain, Hervé Hasquin, Magie, sorcellerie, parapsychologie, 1984, Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles, Brussels, 9–26, Superstitions, christianisme et paganisma à la fin de l'epoque mérovingienne: A propos de l{{', Indiculus superstitionem et paganiarum}}During the Hundred Years' War, French forces committed a notorious massacre of English archers stationed at the town's garrison, in which many of the French townsfolk were themselves raped and killed.WEB,weblink At Agincourt : Chapter XIX. Agincourt by G. A. Henty @ Classic Reader, classicreader.com, 2010-06-07, The massacre of French citizens by French soldiers shocked Europe; Henry V of England, noting that the town of Soissons was dedicated to the saints Crispin and Crispinian, claimed to avenge the honour of the saints when he met the French forces at the Battle of Agincourt on Saint Crispin's Day 1415.Between June 1728 and July 1729 it hosted the Congress of Soissons an attempt to resolve a long-standing series of disputes between the Kingdom of Great Britain and Spain which had spilled over into the Anglo-Spanish War of 1727–1729. The Congress was largely successful and led to the signing of a peace treaty between them.During World War I, the city came under heavy bombardment. There was mutiny after the disastrous Chemin des Dames offensive at the Second Battle of the Aisne. A statue erected with images of French soldiers killed in action in 1917 is behind the St Peter's Church, next to the Soissons Courthouse.(File:Soissons, France, 1919 panorama.jpg|centre|thumb|453x453px|Panorama of Soissons in ruins in 1919)On 16 June 1972, 108 passengers were killed when two passenger trains hit the debris of a collapsed tunnel.The town was on the main path of totality for the solar eclipse of August 11, 1999.

Population

{{Historical populations|align=left7675722981267765814984249152101439477787510208110991040411089111121185012074123731324014334144581439117865187052009018174204842315025890300093021329829294392852328309}}

Sights

Today, Soissons is a commercial and manufacturing centre with the 12th century Soissons Cathedral and the ruins of St. Jean des Vignes Abbey as two of its most important historical buildings. The nearby Espace Pierres Folles contains a museum, geological trail, and botanical garden.

Landmarks

Cathedral

(File:Soissons-cathedrale-pano.jpg|thumb|Panoramic view of the Cathedral)File:Abbey of St. Jean des Vignes 2, Soissons, Picardy, France - Diliff.jpg|thumb|right|The ruins of the Abbey of St Jean des VignesAbbey of St Jean des VignesThe Cathédrale Saint-Gervais-et-Saint-Protais de Soissons is constructed in the style of Gothic architecture. The building of the south transept was begun about 1177, and the lowest courses of the choir in 1182. The choir with its original three-storey elevation and extremely tall clerestory was completed in 1211. This was earlier than Chartres, on which the design was supposed to have been based. Work then continued into the nave until the late 13th century.John James, The Template-makers of the Paris Basin, Leura, 1989.{{clear}}

Abbey of Notre Dame

The former abbey of Notre Dame, former royal abbey, founded in the Merovingian era, famous for its rich treasure of relics, including the "shoe of the Virgin." The abbey was prestigious abbesses like Gisèle, sister of Charlemagne, or Catherine de Bourbon, aunt of Henry IV.

Saint-Médard Abbey

The Saint-Médard Abbey was a Benedictine monastery of Soissons whose foundation went back to the sixth century. Today, only the crypt remains.

Hôtel de ville

Since 1833 the city hall has been housed in a chateau built by architect Jean-François Advyné between 1772 and 1775 at the request of the Intendant Pelletier Mortefontaine on the site of a previous one belonging to the counts of Soissons.Arsenal: contemporary art exhibitions. UK Monument (1914–1918)

La passerelle des Anglais Bridge

The Gateway Anglais Bridge is a concrete casson built cantilevered from an abutment against-weight with an isostatic central beam of 20.50 m in length. The floor has a width of 3.50 m between railings. The original bridge was destroyed in 1914. It was rebuilt by British soldiers, and logically took the name of the English bridge. Again destroyed during World War II, the bridge was rebuilt in 1950 as a footbridge.The covered market, built in 1908 by architect Albert-Désiré Guilbert (1866–1949).

Personalities

See also

References

{{reflist}}
  • {{SmithDGRG}}

External links

{{Commons category|Soissons}} {{Aisne communes}}{{Authority control}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Soissons" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 9:20pm EDT - Wed, Oct 16 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
GETWIKI 09 JUL 2019
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
GETWIKI 09 MAY 2016
GETWIKI 18 OCT 2015
M.R.M. Parrott
Biographies
GETWIKI 20 AUG 2014
GETWIKI 19 AUG 2014
CONNECT