Shorter Oxford English Dictionary

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Shorter Oxford English Dictionary
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{{Italic title}}{{Use dmy dates|date=July 2017}}{{Use British English|date=August 2016}}

The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (SOED) is an English language dictionary published by the Oxford University Press. The SOED is a two-volume abridgement of the twenty-volume Oxford English Dictionary (OED).

Print Editions


The first editor, William Little, worked on the book from 1902 until his death in 1922. The dictionary was completed by H. W. Fowler, Jessie Coulson, and C. T. Onions. An abridgement of the complete work was contemplated from 1879, when the Oxford University Press took over from the Philological Society on what was then known as A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles. However, no action was taken until 1902, when the work was begun by William Little, a fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. He laboured until his death in 1922, at which point he had completed "A" to "T" and "V". The remaining letters were completed by Henry Watson Fowler ("U", "X", "Y", and "Z") and Mrs. E. A. Coulson (Jessie Coulson) ("W") under the direction of Charles Talbut Onions, who succeeded Little as editor. Onions wrote that SOED was "to present in miniature all the features of the principal work" and to be "a quintessence of those vast materials" in the complete OED.

First Edition

The first edition was published in February 1933. It was reprinted in March and April of that year and again in 1934.
*Shorter Oxford English Dictionary/The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles (Hardcover): 2 volumes.
*?th impression (1933-??-??)
*Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (Hardcover): 1 volume.
*?th impression (1959-??-??)

Second Edition

A Second Edition appeared in 1936 contained about 3,000 revisions and additions and was reprinted in 1939.
*Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on historical principles (Hardcover 2475 pages): Second edition 1 volume reprinted 1939. Prepared by William Little, H. W.Fowler, J. Coulson Revised and edited by C. T. Onions From personal copy

Third Edition

A Third Edition was published in the United States under the name The Oxford Universal Dictionary in 1944 with reprints in 1947, 1950, 1952 and 1955. The 1955 reprint contained an addendum of new entries. The 1973 reprint, which contained an enlarged addenda with over seventy pages and a major revision of all the etymologies.
*Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (Hardcover)
*1st? impression (1944-01-01)
*The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles (Third Edition, revised with addenda) (Hardcover) (ASIN B01N22ETM9): Includes addenda.
*?th impression (1964-??-??) *?th impression (1968-??-??)
*Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (Hardcover) ({{ISBN|0-19-861106-4}}/{{ISBN|978-0-19-861106-6}}): 1 volume.
*1st? impression (1970-??-??)
*Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (Hardcover) ({{ISBN|0-19-861125-0}}/{{ISBN|978-0-19-861125-7}}): 1 volume.
*1st? impression (1973-11-??)
*The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles (Hardcover) ({{ISBN|0-19-861126-9}}/{{ISBN|978-0-19-861126-4}})
*?th impression (1973-11-22) *?th impression (1975-??-??)
*The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (Guild Publishing edition, Hardcover) (ASIN B00HLDC3M2)
*?th impression (1985-??-??)

Fourth Edition

The New SOED was prepared under the editorship of Lesley Brown 1980-1993 and was the first complete revision of the dictionary and should be considered a re-abridgement of the SOED and its supplements. The whole text was completely revised for the Fourth Edition, which was published in 1993 as the New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. The book attempted to include all English words which had substantial currency after 1700, plus the vocabulary of Shakespeare, John Milton, Edmund Spenser and the King James Version.Oxford University Press, The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, Fourth Edition, 1993, Preface As a historical dictionary, it includes obsolete words if they are used by major authors and earlier meanings where they explain the development of a word. Headwords are traced back to their earliest usage. Includes 97,600 headwords, 25,250 variant spellings, 500,000 definitions, 87,400 illustrative quotations and 7,333 sources of quotations (including 5,519 individual authors).
*The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (Hardcover) ({{ISBN|978-0-19-861271-1}})
*?th impression (1993-??-??)
*The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary thumb index edition (Hardcover) ({{ISBN|0-19-861271-0}}/{{ISBN|978-0-19-861271-1}})
*?th impression (1993-10-14)

Fifth Edition

The Fifth Edition was published in 2002,Oxford University Press, The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, Sixth Edition, 2007, Preface to the sixth edition and contains more than half a million definitions, with 83,500 illustrative quotations from 7,000 authors. The name Shorter Oxford English Dictionary was used to emphasise the link between this two-volume dictionary and the original twenty-volume OED.
*Shorter Oxford English Dictionary Fifth Edition (Hardcover) ({{ISBN|0-19-860457-2}}/{{ISBN|978-0-19-860457-0}})
*?th impression (2002-12-31)
*Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on CD-ROM Version 2.0 ({{ISBN|0-19-860613-3}}/{{ISBN|978-0-19-860613-0}}):
*?th impression (2003-01-09)

Sixth Edition

On 21 September 2007, the Sixth Edition appeared. The dictionary now includes 600,000 words, phrases, and definitions, covering global English-speaking regions and 2500 new words and meanings from Oxford Dictionaries and Oxford English Corpus. As previously, the vocabulary includes entries in general English from 1700 to the present day and in earlier major literary works. The dictionary includes 80,000 quotations illustrating the use of words, thousands of newly discovered antedatings based on the continuing research for the OED, 2,500 new words and senses, thousands of antedatings of existing words from Oxford English Dictionary and Oxford English Corpus, many new quotations from recent authors, and a complete review of spelling forms and defining vocabulary.16,000 words lost their hyphen. Angus Stevenson, the editor of the Shorter OED, stated the reason: "People are not confident about using hyphens anymore, they're not really sure what they are for." Its researchers reviewed a corpus of 2 billion words (in newspapers, books, web sites and blogs from 2000). Bumble-bee is now bumblebee, ice-cream is ice cream and pot-belly is pot belly.WEB,weblink September 23, 2007, Reuters,weblink" title="">weblink 2007-10-07, MSNBC, Hyphens perish as English marches on, 2007-10-07, Reuters, Thousands of hyphens perish as English marches on (Retrieved 18 May 2008)
*Shorter Oxford English Dictionary Sixth Edition (Hardcover) ({{ISBN|0-19-920687-2}}/{{ISBN|978-0-19-920687-2}})
*?th impression (2007-09-20)
*Shorter Oxford English Dictionary Sixth Edition (Deluxe leather-bound Hardcover) ({{ISBN|0-19-923325-X}}/{{ISBN|978-0-19-923325-0}})
*?th impression (2007-09-20)
*Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on CD-ROM Version 3.0 ({{ISBN|0-19-923176-1}}/{{ISBN|978-0-19-923176-8}}): Supports linking to word processors.
*?th impression (2007-09-13)
*Shorter Oxford English Dictionary Deluxe edition (hardcover+CD-ROM) ({{ISBN|0-19-920688-0}}/{{ISBN|978-0-19-920688-9}}):
*?th impression (2007-09-20)
(The CD-ROM supports Windows 2000 or higher, Mac OS x 10.3.9 (PowerPC) or 10.4 or 10.5 (Intel) or higher).

Electronic versions

The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary is available on CD-ROM for Windows and Macintosh.Oxford University Press, Shorter Oxford English Dictionary 6th Edition on CD-ROM {{webarchive|url= |date=11 August 2009 }} Version 3.0 of that CD-ROM is copy-protected using SecuROM.The dictionary is also available as an electronic download plug-in for WordWeb for WindowsWordWeb Software, Windows version Shorter Oxford English Dictionary and for Mac OS X.WordWeb Software, Macintosh version Shorter Oxford English DictionaryIn addition to all of the contents of the traditional paper dictionary, the electronic versions include:
  • Audio pronunciations
  • Automatic look-up of words from other applications
  • Search functions
  • Crossword solver and anagram functions

*Mac OS X version
*Version 3.2 (OS X 10.9 64-bit, 2016-12-01)
*Windows version: Published by MobiSystems, Inc.
*Version (Windows 8.1, 2015-??-??, 10-device installation)



External links

{{Dictionaries of English}}

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