Shirin Ebadi

aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
Shirin Ebadi
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki
{{Use dmy dates|date=January 2015}}

DANIEL P. O'NEIL URL=HTTPS://BOOKS.GOOGLE.COM/BOOKS?ID=E6OACOOQOKEC&PG=PA55 YEAR=2007 ISBN=978-0-549-40947-2, 55–61, | birth_place = Hamadan, Iran| death_date = {{unbulleted list Judge}}}}| known_for = Defenders of Human Rights Center| alma_mater = University of Tehran parents = | children =| residence = London, England| nationality = IranianThorolf Rafto Memorial Prize>Rafto Prize {{smallNobel Peace Prize {{small>(2003)}}Interfaith Center of New York {{small>(2004)}}Legion of Honour {{small|(2006)}}| signature = Shirin Ebadi Signature.svg| signature_size = 100px}}Shirin Ebadi (; born 21 June 1947) is an Iranian lawyer, a former judge and human rights activist and founder of Defenders of Human Rights Center in Iran. On 10 October 2003, Ebadi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her significant and pioneering efforts for democracy and human rights, especially women's, children's, and refugee rights. She was the first Iranian and the first Muslim woman to receive the prize, and thousands greeted her at the airport when she returned from Paris after receiving the news that she had won the prize. The response to the Award in Iran was mixed—enthusiastic supporters greeted her at the airport upon her return, the conservative media underplayed it, and then-Iranian President Mohammad Khatami criticized it as political.NEWS,weblink Words of advice from peace laureate, Asia Times, Teheran, Ramin Mostaghim, November 1, 2003, BOOK, Shirin Ebadi, Azadeh Moaveni, Iran Awakening: One Woman's Journey to Reclaim Her Life and Country, 10 April 2007, Random House, 9780812975284, 256, In 2009, Norway's Foreign Minister Jonas Gahr Støre, published a statement reporting that Ebadi's Nobel Peace Prize had been confiscated by Iranian authorities and that "This [was] the first time a Nobel Peace Prize ha[d] been confiscated by national authorities."NEWS,weblink Norway says Iran confiscated Ebadi's Nobel, Reuters, 27 November 2009, 26 April 2009, Iran denied the charges.NEWS, Reuters,weblink Iran Denies It Confiscated Ebadi's Nobel Medal, 27 November 2009, 27 November 2009, The New York Times, Ebadi lived in Tehran, but she has been in exile in the UK since June 2009 due to the increase in persecution of Iranian citizens who are critical of the current regime.MAGAZINE, Shirin Ebadi: The Activist in Exile, Newsweek, 30 March 2010, MAGAZINE,weblink A Q&A with Nobel Laureate Shirin Ebadi, Anita Kirpalani, Newsweek, 1 August 2010, In 2004, she was listed by Forbes magazine as one of the "100 most powerful women in the world".weblink" title=""> Forbes 100 Most Powerful Women in the World 2004 She is also included in a published list of the "100 most influential women of all time."BOOK, Britannica Educational Publishing, The 100 Most Influential Women of All Time,weblink 15 January 2012, 1 October 2009, The Rosen Publishing Group, 978-1-61530-058-7, 330–331,

Life and early career as a judge

Ebadi was born in Hamadan, Iran. Her father, Mohammad Ali Ebadi, was the city's chief notary public and a professor of commercial law. Her family moved to Tehran in 1948.She was admitted to the law department of the University of Tehran in 1965 and in 1969, upon graduation, passed the qualification exams to become a judge. After a six-month internship period, she officially became a judge in March 1969. She continued her studies in University of Tehran in the meantime to pursue a doctorate's degree in law in 1971. In 1975, she became the first woman president of the Tehran city court and served until the 1979 Iranian revolution. She was also the first ever woman judge in Iran.NEWS, Profile: Shirin Ebadi,weblink BBC News, 27 November 2009, 26 April 2017, NEWS,weblink Shirin Ebadi: 'Almost a fourth of the people on Earth are Muslim. Are they like each other? Of course not', Porochista Khakpour, 25 April 2017, 25 April 2017, Ebadi was demoted to a secretarial position at Tehran city court from her position as president under the insistence from conservative clerics after the 1979 Revolution. Clerics had insisted that Islam prohibits women from becoming judges. She and other female judges protested and were assigned to the slightly higher position of "law expert." She eventually requested early retirement as the situation remained unchanged.As her applications were repeatedly rejected, Ebadi was not able to practice as a lawyer until 1993, while she already had a law office permit. She used this free time to write books and many articles in Iranian periodicals.

Ebadi as a lawyer

(File:Shirinebadi001.jpg|thumb|Shirin Ebadi at WSIS press conference)By 2004 Ebadi was lecturing law at the University of Tehran while practicing law in Iran.{{citation |url= |work=University of Alberta Visiting Lectureship in Human Rights |title=2004-2005 Lecture - Shirin Ebadi |location=Edmonton, Alberta |date=21 October 2004 |accessdate=26 April 2017 |archive-url= |archive-date=27 April 2017 |dead-url=yes |df=dmy-all }} She is a campaigner for strengthening the legal status of children and women, the latter of which played a key role in the May 1997 landslide presidential election of the reformist Mohammad Khatami.As a lawyer, she is known for taking up pro bono cases of dissident figures who have fallen foul of the judiciary. She has represented the family of Dariush Forouhar, a dissident intellectual and politician who was found stabbed to death at his home. His wife, Parvaneh Eskandari, was also killed at the same time.The couple were among several dissidents who died in a spate of grisly murders that terrorized Iran's intellectual community. Suspicion fell on extremist hard-liners determined to put a stop to the more liberal climate fostered by President Khatami, who championed freedom of speech. The murders were found to be committed by a team of the employees of the Iranian Ministry of Intelligence, whose head, Saeed Emami, allegedly committed suicide in jail before being brought to court.Ebadi also represented the family of Ezzat Ebrahim-Nejad, who was killed in the Iranian student protests in July 1999. In 2000 Ebadi was accused of manipulating the videotaped confession of Amir Farshad Ebrahimi, a former member of the Ansar-e Hezbollah. Ebrahimi confessed his involvement in attacks made by the organization on the orders of high-level conservative authorities, which have included the killing of Ezzat Ebrahim-Nejad and attacks against members of President Khatami's cabinet. Ebadi claimed that she had only videotaped Amir Farshad Ebrahimi's confessions in order to present them to the court. This case was named "Tape makers" by hardliners who questioned the credibility of his videotaped deposition as well as his motives. Ebadi and Rohami were sentenced to five years in jail and suspension of their law licenses for sending Ebrahimi's videotaped deposition to Islamic President Khatami and the head of the Islamic judiciary. The sentences were later vacated by the Islamic judiciary's supreme court, but they did not forgive Ebarahimi's videotaped confession and sentenced him to 48 months jail, including 16 months in solitary confinement.WEB, Shirin Ebadi - Biographical,weblink The Norwegian Nobel Institute, 2003, 26 April 2017, WEB, Shirin Ebadi - Facts,weblink The Norwegian Nobel Institute, 2003, 26 April 2017, WEB, Shirin Ebadi - Other Resources,weblink The Norwegian Nobel Institute, 2003, 26 April 2017, This case brought increased focus on Iran from human rights groups abroad.Ebadi has also defended various child abuse cases, including the case of Arian Golshaniweblink a child who was abused for years and then beaten to death by her father and stepbrother. This case gained international attention and caused controversy in Iran. Ebadi used this case to highlight Iran’s problematic child custody laws, whereby custody of children in divorce is usually given to the father, even in the case of Arian, where her mother had told the court that the father was abusive and had begged for custody of her daughter. Ebadi also handled the case of Leila, a teenage girl who was gang-raped and murdered. Leila’s family became homeless trying to cover the costs of the execution of the perpetrators owed to the government, because in the Islamic Republic of Iran, it is the victim's family's responsibility to pay to restore their honor when a girl is raped by paying the government to execute the perpetrator. Ebadi was not able to achieve a victory in this case, but she brought international attention to this problematic law. Ebadi also handled a few cases dealing with bans of periodicals (including the cases of Habibollah Peyman, Abbas Marufi, and Faraj Sarkouhi). She has also established two non-governmental organizations in Iran with western funding, the Society for Protecting the Rights of the Child (SPRC) (1994) and the Defenders of Human Rights Center (DHRC) in 2001.She also helped in the drafting of the original text of a law against physical abuse of children, which was passed by the Iranian parliament in 2002. Female members of Parliament also asked Ebadi to draft a law explaining how a woman's right to divorce her husband is in line with Sharia (Islamic Law). Ebadi presented the bill before the government, but the male members made her leave without considering the bill, according to Ebadi's memoir.

Political views

In her book Iran Awakening, Ebadi explains her political/religious views on Islam, democracy and gender equalityIn the last 23 years, from the day I was stripped of my judgeship to the years of doing battle in the revolutionary courts of Tehran, I had repeated one refrain: an interpretation of Islam that is in harmony with equality and democracy is an authentic expression of faith. It is not religion that binds women, but the selective dictates of those who wish them cloistered. That belief, along with the conviction that change in Iran must come peacefully and from within, has underpinned my work."Ebadi, Shirin, Iran Awakening: A Memoir of Revolution and Hope, by Shirin Ebadi with Azadeh Moaveni, Random House, 2006, p.204At the same time, Ebadi expresses a nationalist love of Iran and a critical view of the Western world. She opposed the pro-Western Shah, initially supported the Islamic Revolution, and remembers the CIA's 1953 overthrow of prime minister Mohammad Mosaddeq with rage.{{citation needed|date=January 2014}}At a press conference shortly after the Peace Prize announcement, Ebadi herself explicitly rejected foreign interference in the country's affairs: "The fight for human rights is conducted in Iran by the Iranian people, and we are against any foreign intervention in Iran."Washington Post: "Nobels With a Message", last retrieved on 12 October 2007Working for Change: "Eyes off the prize {{Webarchive|url= |date=10 November 2006 }}", last retrieved on 12 October 2007Subsequently, Ebadi has openly defended the Islamic regime's nuclear development programme: Aside from being economically justified, it has become a cause of national pride for an old nation with a glorious history. No Iranian government, regardless of its ideology or democratic credentials, would dare to stop the program.The Sydney Morning Herald: "Sunnis fear US missteps will bolster Tehran's influence", last retrieved on 12 October 2007However, in a 2012 interview, Ebadi has stated: "The [Iranian] people want to stop enrichment but the government doesn't listen. Iran is situated on a fault line and people are scared of a Fukushima type of situation happening. We want peace, security, and economic welfare, and we cannot forgo all of our other rights for nuclear energy. The government claims it is not making a bomb. But I am not a member of the government, so I cannot speak to this directly. The fear is that if they do, Israel will be wiped out. If the Iranian people are able to topple the government, this could improve the situation. [In 2009] the people of Iran rose up and were badly suppressed. Right now, Iran is the country with the most journalists in prison. This is the price people are paying."Shirin Ebadi Interview: Iran’s Voice of Reason on Nuke Talks Daily BeastEbadi also indirectly expressed her views on Israeli–Palestinian conflict. In April 2010, Associated Students of the University of California passed a bill calling for the University to Divest itself from what it saw as Israeli war crimes, by breaking ties with companies providing technology to the Israel Defense Forces. Shirin Ebadi, together with three other Peace Prize laureates, supported the bill.WEB,weblink Statement of Support from Nobel Women Peace Laureates, 28 April 2010, 1 May 2010, Regarding her views on the Shia religion in Iran, she has said, after the Arabs came, and Iran converted to Islam, "Eventually we turned to the Shiite sect, which was different from the Arabs, who are Sunni" noting Persians were still Muslims but "We were Iranian."MAGAZINE,weblink Persia: Ancient Soul of Iran, National Geographic Magazine, August 2008, 26 April 2017, Since the victory of Hassan Rouhani in the 2013 Iranian presidential election, Shirin Ebadi in various occasions has expressed her worry about the growing human rights violations in her homeland. Ebadi in her Dec. 2013 speech at Human Rights Day seminar at Leiden University angrily said: "I will shut up but the problems of Iran will not be solved".{{YouTube|iirKRqU4Bw4}}In light of the increased power of ISIL, Ebadi communicated in April 2015 that she believes the Western world should spend money funding education and an end to corruption rather than fighting with guns and bombs. She reasons that because the Islamic State stems from an ideology based on a "wrong interpretation of Islam," physical force will not end ISIS because it will not end its beliefs.WEB, Iranian Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Shirin Ebadi on Nuclear Deal, Islamic State, Women's Rights,weblink Democracy Now!, 7 November 2015, In 2018, in an interview with Bloomberg, Ebadi stated her belief that the Islamic Republic has reached a point of which it is now un-reformable. Ebadi called for a referendum on the Islamic Republicweblink

Nobel Peace Prize {{anchor|Nobel Peace Prize}}

On 10 October 2003, Ebadi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts for democracy and human rights, especially for the rights of women and The Nobel Peace Prize 2003, last retrieved on 12 October 2007 The selection committee praised her as a "courageous person" who "has never heeded the threat to her own safety" Nobel winner's plea to Iran, last retrieved on 12 October 2007 Now she travels abroad lecturing in the West. She is against a policy of forced regime change. The decision of the Nobel committee surprised some observers worldwide. Pope John Paul II had been predicted to win the Peace Prize amid speculation that he was nearing death. Some observers viewed Ebadi's selection as a calculated and political one along the lines of the selection of Lech Wałęsa and Mikhail Gorbachev, among others, for the award. Furthermore, they suggested that Ebadi's activities were not directly related to the goals of the prize as originally expressed by Alfred Nobel.She presented a book entitled Democracy, human rights, and Islam in modern Iran: Psychological, social and cultural perspectives to the Nobel Committee. The volume documents the historical and cultural basis of democracy and human rights from Cyrus and Darius, 2,500 years ago to Mohammad Mossadeq, the Prime Minister of modern Iran who nationalized the oil industry.In Iran, officials of the Islamic Republic were either silent or critical of the selection of Ebadi, calling it a political act by a pro-Western institution and were also critical when Ebadi did not cover her hair at the Nobel award ceremony.NEWS,weblink Iranian Muslim Women Are Free To Wear Or Not The Hejab: Mohammad Khatami, Safa Haeri, Iran Press Service,, 9 June 2011, IRNA reported it in few lines that the evening newspapers and the Iranian state media waited hours to report the Nobel committee's decision—and then only as the last item on the radio news update.WEB,weblink Iranians Celebrated With Joy Ebadi’S Nobel Peace Prize By Safa Haeri, Iran Press Service, 9 June 2011, Reformist officials are said to have "generally welcomed the award", but "come under attack for doing so."NEWS,weblink Khatami advice to Nobel laureate, October 14, 2003, BBC News, 14 October 2003, 9 June 2011, Reformist president Mohammad Khatami did not officially congratulate Ms. Ebadi and stated that although the scientific Nobels are important, the Peace Prize is "not very important" and was awarded to Ebadi on the basis of "totally political criteria". Vice President Mohammad Ali Abtahi, the only official to initially congratulate Ebadi, defended the president saying "abusing the President's words about Ms. Ebadi is tantamount to abusing the prize bestowed on her for political considerations".{{Citation needed|date=April 2008}}

Post-Nobel prize

File:Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Shirin Ebadi (5413782624).jpg|thumb|UK Foreign Office Minister Alistair Burt meeting Ebadi in LondonLondonSince receiving the Nobel Prize Ebadi has lectured, taught and received awards in different countries, issued statements and defended people accused of political crimes in Iran. She has traveled to and spoken to audiences in India, the United States, and other countries; released her autobiography in an English translation. With five other Nobel laureates, she created the Nobel Women's Initiative to promote peace, justice and equality for women.BOOK, Karen L. Kinnear, Women in Developing Countries: A Reference Handbook,weblink 2011, ABC-CLIO, 978-1-59884-425-2, 152,


In April 2008 she told Reuters news agency that Iran's human rights record had regressed in the past two yearsNEWS,weblink Iran to probe threats against Nobel laureate Ebadi, Reuters, 15 April 2008, 9 June 2011, and agreed to defend Baha’is arrested in Iran in May 2008.In April 2008 Ebadi released a statement saying: "Threats against my life and security and those of my family, which began some time ago, have intensified," and that the threats warned her against making speeches abroad, and defending Iran's minority Baha'i community.NEWS,weblink BBC NEWS. Top Iranian dissident threatened, BBC News, 14 April 2008, 9 June 2011, In August 2008, the IRNA news agency published an article attacking Ebadi's links to the Bahá'í Faith and accused her of seeking support from the West. It also criticized Ebadi for defending homosexuals, appearing without the Islamic headscarf abroad, questioning Islamic punishments, and "defending CIA agents."WEB,weblink Iranian press targets Nobel Prize winner Ebadi,, 9 June 2011, yes,weblink" title="">weblink 18 November 2009, dmy-all, It accused her daughter, Nargess Tavassolian, of conversion to the Bahá'í faith, a capital offense in the Islamic Republic. Her daughter believes "the government wanted to scare my mother with this scenario." Ebadi believes the attacks are in retaliation for her agreeing to defend the families of the seven Baha’is arrested in May.WEB,weblink By Attacking Mrs. Shirin Ebadi, The Islamic Republic Revives Stalinian Methods, Safa Haeri,, 9 August 2008, 9 June 2011, In December 2008, Iranian police shut down the office of a human rights group led by her.NEWS, Iran Shuts Down Nobel Winner's Rights Group, 21 December 2008,weblink Voice of America, 25 November 2011, Another human rights group, Human Rights Watch, has said it was "extremely worried" about Ebadi's safety.


Ebadi said while in London in late November 2009 that her Nobel Peace Prize medal and diploma had been taken from their bank box alongside her Légion d'honneur and a ring she had received from Germany's association of journalists. She said they had been taken by the Revolutionary Court approximately three weeks previously.NEWS,weblink Shirin Ebadi Nobel Peace Prize medal 'seized by Iran', 27 November 2009, 27 November 2009, BBC, Iran Confiscates Shirin Ebadi’s Nobel Peace Medal in Want of Tax Liability {{webarchive |url= |date=23 September 2010 }}NEWS,weblink Outrage after Iran seizes Nobel medal, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 27 November 2009, 9 June 2011, Ebadi also said her bank account was frozen by authorities.NEWS,weblink Iran confiscates Shirin Ebadi's Nobel Peace Prize, 27 November 2009, 27 November 2009, The Daily Telegraph, UK, WEB,weblink Ebadi defiant despite Iran assets seizure, 27 November 2009, 27 November 2009, Bangkok Post, Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs Jonas Gahr Støre expressed his "shock and disbelief" at the incident. The Iranian foreign ministry subsequently denied the confiscation, and also criticized Norway for interfering in Iran's affairs.NEWS,weblink Iran denies it confiscated Ebadi's Nobel medal, 27 November 2009, 27 November 2009, Reuters, NEWS,weblink Tehran denies seizing Shirin Ebadi's Nobel medal, BBC News, 27 November 2009, 9 June 2011, {{Use dmy dates|date=January 2015}}

Post-Nobel Prize timeline

File:Shirin-Ebadi-Amsterdam-2011-Photo-by-Persian-Dutch-Network.jpg|thumb|left|Shirin Ebadi during a lecture - organized by University of AmsterdamUniversity of Amsterdam
  • 2003 November – She declared that she would provide legal representation for the family of the murdered Canadian freelance photographer Zahra Kazemi.NEWS, Middle East: Iran: A Nobel Advocate,weblink 15 January 2012, New York Times, 14 June 2004, The trial was halted in July 2004, prompting Ebadi and her team to leave the court in protest that their witnesses had not been heard.NEWS, Iran Stops Trial in the Murder of a Journalist, Nazila, Fathi,weblink 15 January 2012, New York Times, 19 July 2004,
  • 2004 – During the World Social Forum- Bombay, January 2004 – Ebadi, speaking at a small girls' school run by an NGO, "Sahyog", proposed that 30 January (the day Mahatma Gandhi fell to a Hindu extremist's bullets) be observed as International Day of Non-Violence. This proposal was brought to her from school children in Paris by their Indian teacher Akshay Bakaya. 3 years later Sonia Gandhi and Archbishop Desmond Tutu relayed the idea at the Delhi Satyagraha Convention January 2007, preferring however to propose Gandhi's birthday 2 October. The UN General Assembly on 15 June 2007 adopted 2 October as the International Day of Non-Violence.
  • 2005 Spring – Ebadi taught a course on "Islam and Human Rights" at the University of Arizona's James E. Rogers College of Law in Tucson, Arizona.
  • 2005 (12 May) – Ebadi delivered an address on Senior Class Day at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA. Vanderbilt Chancellor Gordon Gee presented Ebadi with the Chancellor's Medal for her human rights work.WEB, Emily Pearce,weblink Iranian Nobel Peace Prize winner to speak at Vanderbilt‘s Senior Day, Vanderbilt News, 15 March 2005, 10 January 2012,
  • 2005 – Ebadi was voted the world's 12th leading public intellectual in The 2005 Global Intellectuals Poll by Prospect (UK).
  • 2006 – Random House released her first book for a Western audience, Iran Awakening: A Memoir of Revolution and Hope, with Azadeh Moaveni. A reading of the book was serialised as BBC Radio 4's Book of the Week in September 2006. American novelist David Ebershoff served as the book's editor.
  • 2006 – Ebadi was one of the founders of The Nobel Women's Initiative along with sister Nobel Peace laureates Betty Williams, Mairead Corrigan Maguire, Wangari Maathai, Jody Williams and Rigoberta Menchú Tum. Six women representing North America and South America, Europe, the Middle East and Africa decided to bring together their experiences in a united effort for peace with justice and equality. It is the goal of the Nobel Women's Initiative to help strengthen work being done in support of women's rights around the world.weblink Nobel Women's Initiative
  • 2007 (17 May) – Ebadi announced that she would defend the Iranian American scholar Haleh Esfandiari, who is jailed in Tehran.WEB, U.S. News Staff,weblink News Desk – Politics & Policy,, 17 May 2007, 9 June 2011,
  • 2008 March – Ebadi tells Reuters news agency that Iran's human rights record had regressed in the past two years.
  • 2008 (14 April) – Ebadi released a statement saying "Threats against my life and security and those of my family, which began some time ago, have intensified," and that the threats warned her against making speeches abroad, and defending Iran's minority Baha'i community.
  • 2008 June – Ebadi volunteered to be the lawyer for the arrested Bahá'í leadership of Iran in June.PRESS RELEASE, Local Baha'is worry about their fellow believers in Iran, The Chatham News, 24 February 2009,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink yes, 3 July 2009, 2 March 2009,
  • 2008 (7 August) – Ebadi announcedWEB,weblink In court I will defend the Bahais,, 9 June 2011, via the Muslim Network for Baha'i Rights that she would defend in court the seven Bahá'í leaders arrested in the spring.NEWS,weblink CNN, Iran's arrest of Baha'is condemned, 16 May 2008, 23 May 2010,
  • 2008 (1 September) – Ebadi published her book Refugee Rights in Iran exposing the lack of rights given to Afghan refugees living in Iran.
  • 2008 (21 December) Ebadi's office of the Center for the Defense of Human Rights raided and closed.WEB,weblink 2008 Human Rights Report: Iran, 25 February 2009, 1 March 2009, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, United States State Department,
  • 2008 (29 December) – Islamic authorities close Ebadi's Center for Defenders of Human Rights, raiding her private office, seizing her computers and files.NEWS, Moaveni, Azadeh,weblink Iran's Nobel Laureate Has Become a Target of the Regime. Azadeh MOAVENI. JANUARY 6, 2009, The Wall Street Journal, 6 January 2009, 9 June 2011, Worldwide condemnation of raid.NEWS,weblink Iranian raid on Ebadi condemned, BBC News, 31 December 2008, 9 June 2011,
  • 2009 (1 January) – Pro-regime "demonstrators" attack Ebadi's home and office.
  • 2009 (12 June) – Ebadi was at a seminar in Spain at the time of Iranian presidential election. "[W]hen the crackdown began colleagues told her not to come home" and as of October 2009 she has not returned to Iran.Martin Fletcher (24 September 2009). "Britain is appeasing Iran, Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi says". The Times (UK)
  • 2009 (16 June) – In the midst of nationwide protests against the very surprising and highly suspect election results giving incumbent President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad a landslide victory, Ebadi calls for new elections in an interview with Radio Free Europe.Iranian Nobel Peace Prize-Winner Ebadi Calls For New Elections 16 June 2009
  • 2009 (24 September) – Touring abroad to lobby international leaders and highlight the Islamic regime's human rights abuses since June, Ebadi criticizes the British government for putting talks on the Islamic regime's nuclear programme ahead of protesting its brutal suppression of opposition. Noting the British Ambassador attended President Ahmadinejad's inauguration, she said, "`That's when I felt that human rights were being neglected. ... Undemocratic countries are more dangerous than a nuclear bomb. It's undemocratic countries that jeopardise international peace.`" She calls for "the downgrading of Western embassies, the withdrawal of ambassadors and the freezing of the assets of Iran's leaders."
  • 2009 November – The Iranian authorities seize Ebadi's Nobel medal together with other belongings from her safe-deposit box.Iran tells Norway to stay out of Nobel medal row{{dead link|date=December 2017 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }} Associated Press 26 November 2009
  • 2009 (29 December) – Ebadi's sister Noushin Ebadi was detained apparently in an effort to silence Ebadi who is abroad.NEWS,weblink CNN, Iran detains Nobel laureate's sister, 29 December 2009, 29 December 2009, "She was neither politically active nor had a role in any rally. It's necessary to point out that in the past two months she had been summoned several times to the Intelligence Ministry, who told her to persuade me to give up my human rights activities. I have been arrested solely because of my activities in human rights," Ebadi said.Shirin Ebadi statement {{webarchive |url= |date=28 December 2009 }}
  • 2010 (June) - Ebadi's husband denounced her on state television. According to Ebadi this was a coerced confession after his arrest and torture.Tricked into cheating
  • 2012 (26 January) — in a statement released by the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran, Ebadi called on "all freedom-loving people across the globe" to work for release of three opposition leaders — Zahra Rahnavard, Mir Hossein Mousavi, and Mehdi Karroubi — who have been confined to house arrest for nearly a year.Nobel laureate calls for freedom for 3 Iranian opposition leaders after year of house arrest| Associated Press| 26 January 2012


Lawsuit against the United States

In 2004, Ebadi filed a lawsuit against the U.S. Department of Treasury because of restrictions she faced over publishing her memoir in the United States. American trade laws include prohibitions on writers from embargoed countries. The law also banned American literary agent Wendy Strothman from working with Ebadi. Azar Nafisi wrote a letter in support of Ebadi. Nafisi said that the law infringes on the First Amendment.WEB, All Things Considered,weblink Iranian Nobel Winner Suing U.S. over Memoir, NPR, 5 December 2004, 9 June 2011, After a long legal battle, Ebadi won and was able to publish her memoir in the United States.WEB, All Things Considered,weblink Ebadi Wins Round with U.S. over Memoirs, NPR, 19 December 2004, 9 June 2011,

Lawsuit over non-publication

According to the Associated Press, on 27 August 2007, Ebadi was sued by a Canadian author and political analyst, Shahir Shahidsaless—who writes and publishes in Persian—in U.S. District Court in Manhattan saying she reneged on getting a publisher for a book she had requested him to write under her supervision, titled A Useful Enemy. The initial suit was dismissed due to lack of jurisdiction of the court, and not the substance of the case, which was never tried. The case is currently{{Update after|2013|10|2}} being considered at the New York State Court.

Other activities



Honorary degrees

Books published

  • (Iran Awakening|Iran Awakening: One Woman's Journey to Reclaim Her Life and Country) (2007) {{ISBN|978-0-676-97802-5}}
  • Refugee Rights in Iran (2008) {{ISBN|978-0-86356-678-3}}
  • (The Golden Cage (book)|The Golden Cage: Three brothers, Three choices, One destiny) (2011) {{ISBN|978-0-9798456-4-2}}
  • Until We Are Free (2016) {{ISBN|9780812998870}}

See also



Further reading

  • BOOK, Kim, U., Aasen, H. S., Ebadi, S., yes, Democracy, human rights, and Islam in modern Iran: Psychological, social and cultural perspectives, 2003, Fagbokforlaget, Bergen, 978-82-7674-922-9,

External links

{{Commons category|Shirin Ebadi}}

Press interviews


{{Nobel Peace Prize laureates}}{{2003 Nobel Prize winners}}{{Authority control}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Shirin Ebadi" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 2:16pm EST - Sat, Dec 15 2018
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
M.R.M. Parrott