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School of Names
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The Logicians or School of Names ({{zh |c = 名家 |p = Míngjiā}}) was a school of Chinese philosophy that grew out of Mohism during the Warring States period in 479–221 BCE. It is also sometimes called the School of Forms and Names ({{zh |c = 形名家 |p = Xíngmíngjiā |w = Hsing2-ming2-chia1}}).{{harvnb|Needham|1956|page=185}} Deng Xi has been named its founder.

Overview

The philosophy of the Logicians is often considered to be akin to those of the sophists or of the dialecticians. Joseph Needham notes that their works have been lost, except for the partially preserved Gongsun Longzi, and the paradoxes of Chapter 33 of the Zhuangzi.{{harvnb|Needham|1956|page=697}} Needham considers the disappearance of the greater part of Gongsun Longzi one of the worst losses in the ancient Chinese books, as what remains is said to reach the highest point of ancient Chinese philosophical writing.(File:Birth Places of Chinese Philosophers.png|300px|thumb|Birth places of notable Chinese philosophers from Hundred Schools of Thought in Zhou Dynasty. Philosophers of Logicianism are marked by circles in blue.)One of the few surviving lines from the school, "a one-foot stick, every day take away half of it, in a myriad ages it will not be exhausted," resembles Zeno's paradoxes. However, some of their other aphorisms seem contradictory or unclear when taken out of context, for example, "Dogs are not hounds."Miscellaneous ParadoxesThey were opposed by the Later Mohists for their paradoxes.{{harvnb|Van Norden|2011|page=111}}

See also

References

Citations

{{Reflist|20em}}

Sources

  • SEP, school-names, School of Names, Chris, Fraser, November 6, 2015,
  • {{citation |last=Graham|first=A.C.|title=Disputers of the Tao: Philosophical Argument in Ancient China|publisher=Open Court|year=1993|isbn=0-8126-9087-7}}
  • {{citation |last = Needham |first = Joseph |authorlink = Joseph Needham |year = 1956 |title = Science and Civilisation in China |volume = 2 History of Scientific Thought |ISBN = 0-521-05800-7 |ref = harv}}
  • {{citation | last = Hansen |first = Chad| chapter= The School of Names: Linguistic Analysis in China|title= A Daoist Theory of Chinese Thought: A Philosophical Interpretation|publisher = Oxford University Press|location=New York|year=2000|isbn=0195134192|pages=233—264}}
  • {{citation | last=Solomon|first=Bernard S.|title=On the School of Names in Ancient China|location=Sankt Augustin|publisher=Institut Monumenta Serica, Steyler Verlag|year=2013|isbn=978-3-8050-0610-1}}
  • {{citation | last= Reding | first=Jean-Paul|year=1985|title=Les fondements philosophiques de la rhetorique chez les sophistes grecs et chez les sophistes chinois|location=Berne|publisher=Lang}}
  • {{citation | first = Bryan W. |last = Van Norden|authorlink = Bryan W. Van Norden |year=2011 |title=Introduction to Classical Chinese Philosophy|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=TtK5750bm30C |publisher=Hackett Publishing Company|location=Indianapolis, IN|ref=harv}}
{{Philosophy topics}}{{Chinese philosophy}}{{Authority control}}{{philo-stub}}

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