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Saale

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Saale
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{{About|the river of Bavaria, Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt|other uses and other rivers with the same name|Saale (disambiguation)}}







factoids
| subdivision_type2 = States| subdivision_name2 = Bavaria, Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt| subdivision_type3 = Reference no.| subdivision_name3 = DE: 56
413mi AUTHOR=MICHAEL BERGEMANN DATE=2015-07-01 ACCESS-DATE=2018-03-21 FORMAT=PDF; 791 KB, | width_avg = | depth_avg = | source1_location = near Zell im Fichtelgebirge50.12056type:river_region:DE-BYdisplay=inline,title}}728link=true }}Barby, Germany>Barby into the Elbe51.95472type:river_region:DE-STdisplay=inline}}49.5link=true}}| basin_population = | basin_landmarks = {hide}ubl
| Cities: Jena, Halle (Saale)
| Large towns: Hof (Saale), Saalfeld/Saale, Rudolstadt, Naumburg (Saale), Weißenfels, Merseburg, Bernburg (Saale)
{edih}| progression = {{PElbe}}
24167mi2|abbr=on}}| discharge1_location = | discharge1_min = 115cuft/s|abbr=on}}| discharge1_max = | tributaries_right = White ElsterIlm (Thuringia)>Ilm, Unstrut, Bode| waterbodies = | ports = Hafen Halle (Saale), Sophienhafen in Halle (Saale)| bridges = Saale bridge, Rudolphstein, Old Saale bridge, Jena-Burgau| custom_label = Navigable| custom_data = From its mouth to Bad Dürrenberg; for Europa ships to Halle-TrothaFederal Water and Navigation Authority}}The Saale ({{IPA-de|ˈzaːlə}}), also known as the Saxon Saale () and Thuringian Saale (), is a river in Germany and a left-bank tributary of the Elbe. It is not to be confused with the smaller Franconian Saale, a right-bank tributary of the Main, or the Saale in Lower Saxony, a tributary of the Leine.

Course

File:Bad Kösen Saalewehr und Alte Mühle (01).jpg|thumb|left|Saale in Bad KösenBad KösenThe Saale originates on the slope of the Großer Waldstein mountain near Zell in the Fichtelgebirge in Upper Franconia (Bavaria), at an elevation of {{convert|728|m|ft}}. It pursues a winding course in a northern direction, and after passing the manufacturing town of Hof, enters Thuringia. It flows amid well-wooded low mountains of the Thuringian Forest until it reaches the valley of Saalfeld. After leaving Saalfeld the Saale reaches Rudolstadt. Here it receives the waters of the Schwarza, in whose valley lies the ruined castle of Schwarzburg, the ancestral seat of the formerly ruling House of Schwarzburg.From Saalfeld the Saale enters the limestone hill region north of the Thuringian Forest, and sweeps beneath the barren, conical hills enclosing the university town of Jena. It enters Saxony-Anhalt and passes the spa of Bad Kösen, washes numerous vine-clad hills and, after receiving the deep and navigable Unstrut at Naumburg, flows past Weißenfels, Merseburg, Halle, Bernburg and Calbe. It finally joins the Elbe just above Barby, after traversing a distance of {{convert|413|km|mi}}—shortened {{convert|14|km|mi|0}} by a bypass from its natural length of {{convert|427|km|mi}}.The Saale is navigable from Naumburg and is also planned connected from Leuna with the White Elster near Leipzig by an unfinished canal. The soil of the lower part of its valley is exceptionally fertile, and produces, amongst other crops, large supplies of sugar beet. Among its tributaries are the White Elster, Regnitz and Orla on the right bank, and the Ilm, Unstrut, Salza, Wipper and Bode on the left. Its upper course is rapid. Its valley, down to Merseburg, contains many castles which crown the enclosing heights.

Geography

Originating in Zell, the Saale flows through – Sparneck – Weißdorf – Seulbitz – Förbau – Schwarzenbach an der Saale – Fattigau – Oberkotzau – Hof – Brunnenthal – Saalenstein – Joditz – Landesgrenze Bayern/Thüringen – Hirschberg – Sparnberg – Rudolphstein – Blankenberg – Blankenstein – Harra – Saaldorf – Saalburg – Poeritzsch – Gräfenwarth – Burgk – Walsburg – Ziegenrück – Neidenberga – Hohenwarte – Eichicht – Kaulsdorf – Fischersdorf – Weischwitz – Reschwitz – Breternitz – Saalfeld – Schwarza – Volkstedt – Rudolstadt – Catharinau – Kolkwitz – Weißen – Uhlstädt – Rückersdorf – Zeutsch – Niederkrossen – Orlamünde – Freienorla – Großeutersdorf – Kleineutersdorf – Kahla – Großpürschütz – Jägersdorf – Rothenstein – Maua – Lobeda – Jena – Zwätzen – Porstendorf – Dornburg – Dorndorf-Steudnitz – Wichmar – Camburg – Tümpling – Großheringen – Kleinheringen – Landesgrenze Thüringen/Sachsen-Anhalt – Stendorf – Saaleck – Bad Kösen – Naumburg – Schellsitz - Schönburg – Eulau – Goseck – Leißling – Lobitzsch – Uichteritz – Markweben – Weißenfels – Dehlitz – Schkortleben – Kleinkorbetha – Großkorbetha – Oebles-Schlechtewitz – Wengelsdorf – Bad Dürrenberg – Kröllwitz – Leuna – Trebnitz – Merseburg – Meuschau – Freiimfelde – Schkopau – Korbetha – Hohenweiden – Rockendorf – Holleben – Halle – Kröllwitz – Lettin – Brachwitz – Schiepzig – Salzmünde – Pfützthal – Döblitz – Zaschwitz – Wettin – Kloschwitz – Rumpin – Dobis – Friedeburg – Zickeritz – Rothenburg – Nelben – Gnölbzig – Trebnitz – Alsleben – Poplitz – Großwirschleben – Plötzkau – Gröna – Neuborna – Bernburg – Dröbel – Nienburg – Wedlitz – Damaschkeplan – Wispitz – Calbe (Saale) – Trabitz – Groß Rosenburg – Werkleitz

Tributaries{|

Left (from source to mouth): Right:

Etymology

The name Saale comes from the Proto-Indo-European root (wikt:Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/sélos|*séles) ‘marsh’, akin to Welsh hêl, heledd ‘river meadow’, Cornish heyl ‘estuary’, Greek hélos ‘marsh, meadow’, Sanskrit sáras ‘lake, pond’, Sárasvati ‘sacred river’, Old Persian Harauvati ‘Hārūt River; Arachosia’, Avestan Haraxvatī ‘id’. It may also be related to the Indo-European root *sal, "salt".BOOK, Thomas V. Gamkrelidze, Vjaceslav V. Ivanov, Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans: A Reconstruction and Historical Analysis of a Proto-Language and Proto-Culture. Part I: The Text. Part II: Bibliography, Indexes,weblink 15 December 2010, Walter de Gruyter, 978-3-11-081503-0, 581, Its Slavic name, Solawa, still found in Sorbian texts comes from Old High German sol, "salt", and awa, "water".BOOK, Georg Jacob, Die Ortsnamen des Herzogthums Meiningen,weblink 1894, Kesselring, 55,

See also

References

{{reflist}}

Sources

  • Ernst-Otto Luthardt, Reinhard Feldrapp: An der Saale. Vom Fichtelgebirge durch Thüringen bis zur Elbe. Würzburg 1990. {{ISBN|3-8035-1335-9}}
  • Wolf Thieme, Markus Altmann (Fotos): Mitten ins Herz. Sie entspringt in Bayern, durchquert Thüringen und fließt in Sachsen-Anhalt in die Elbe – die Saale ist ein Fluss, der alles verbindet. Und jedem Spaß macht: dem Sportler, dem Kulturfreund, dem Faulenzer. In: stern Nr. 26 (22. Juni 2006), S. 84-89. (Online-Version)
{{commons category}}
  • {{EB1911|wstitle = Saale|volume=23}}
{{Authority control}}

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