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{{for|people named Routledge|Routledge (surname)}}{{use British English|date=November 2018}}{{short description|global publisher}}

| publications = Books and academic journals| topics = Humanities, social science, behavioral science, education, law| imprints =| revenue =| numemployees =| nasdaq}}}}Routledge ({{IPAc-en|ˈ|r|aʊ|t|l|ɪ|dʒ}})BOOK, Upton, Clive, Clive Upton, Kretzschmar, William A., Jr., 2017, The Routledge Dictionary of Pronunciation for Current English, 2nd, 1164, Routledge, 978-1-138-12566-7, is a British multinational publisher. It was founded in 1836 by George Routledge, and specialises in providing academic books, journals and online resources in the fields of humanities, behavioural science, education, law and social science. The company publishes approximately 1,800 journals and 5,000 new books each year and their backlist encompasses over 70,000 titles.WEB, About Us – Routledge,weblinkYEAR=2016 Taylor & Francis Group (T&F), as a result of a £90-million acquisition deal from Cinven, a venture capital group which had purchased it two years previously for £25 million.WEB, Books merger yields windfall of £6m,weblink The Independent, 14 February 2015, Following the merger of Informa and T&F in 2004, Routledge become a publishing unit and major imprint within the Informa 'academic publishing' division.WEB, Academic PublishingMilton Park, Abingdon-on-Thames>Abingdon, Oxfordshire and also operates from T&F offices globally including in Philadelphia, Melbourne, New Delhi, Singapore and Beijing.WEB, T&F Group Global Offices,weblink


The firm originated in 1836, when the London bookseller George Routledge published an unsuccessful guidebook, The Beauties of Gilsland with his brother-in-law W H (William Henry) Warne as assistant. In 1848 the pair entered the booming market for selling inexpensive imprints of works of fiction to rail travellers, in the style of the German Tauchnitz family, which became known as the "Railway Library".WEB, Yellowbacks: III – Routledge's Railway Library,weblink 15 February 2015, The venture was a success as railway usage grew, and it eventually led to Routledge, along with W H Warne's brother Frederick Warne, to found the company, George Routledge & Co. in 1851.UCL LIBRARY SERVICES: ROUTLEDGE & KEGAN PAUL LTD ARCHIVES – 1850–1984 >URL=HTTP://ARCHIVES.UCL.AC.UK/DSERVE/DSERVE.EXE?DSQINI=DSERVE.INI&DSQAPP=ARCHIVE&DSQCMD=SHOW.TCL&DSQSEARCH=REFNO==%27ROUTLEDGE%27&DSQDB=CATALOG, 15 February 2015, The following year in 1852, the company gained lucrative business through selling reprints of Uncle Tom's Cabin, (in the public domain in the UK) which in turn enabled it to pay author Edward Bulwer-Lytton £20,000 for a 10-year lease allowing sole rights to print all 35 of his worksSutherland (2009:527,553). including 19 of his novels to be sold cheaply as part of their "Railway Library" series.ODNB, 24184, Routledge, George, 2004, Barnes, James J., Barnes, Patience P., (File:Routledge stand at Senate House History Day 2018.jpg|thumb|Routledge stand at Senate House History Day 2018)The company was restyled in 1858 as Routledge, Warne & Routledge when George Routledge's son, Robert Warne Routledge, entered the partnership. Frederick Warne eventually left the company after the death of his brother W.H. Warne in May 1859 (died aged 37).WEB, Geni – William Henry Warne (1822–1859) – Genealogy,weblink 16 February 2015, Gaining rights to some titles, he founded Frederick Warne & Co in 1865, which became known for its Beatrix Potter books.WEB, – Taylor and Francis Informa,weblinkEdmund Routledge became a partner, and the firm became George Routledge & Sons.ROUTLEDGE, GEORGE (DNB00)WEBSITE=DNB, 10 November 2015, By 1899 the company was running close to bankruptcy. Following a successful restructuring in 1902 by scientist Sir William Crookes, banker Arthur Ellis Franklin, William Swan Sonnenschein as managing director, and others, however, it was able to recover and began to acquire and merge with other publishing companies including J. C. Nimmo Ltd. in 1903. In 1912 the company took over the management of Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., the descendant of companies founded by Charles Kegan Paul, Alexander Chenevix Trench, Nicholas Trübner, and George Redway.WEB, The Lucile Project,"PUBLISHER: Kegan Paul, Trench & Company; Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Company, London",weblink University of Iowa, 12 December 2016, These early 20th-century acquisitions brought with them lists of notable scholarly titles, and from 1912 onward, the company became increasingly concentrated in the academic and scholarly publishing business under the imprint "Kegan Paul Trench Trubner", as well as reference, fiction and mysticism. In 1947, George Routledge and Sons finally merged with Kegan Paul Trench Trubner (the umlaut had been quietly dropped in the First World War) under the name of Routledge & Kegan Paul.Franklin (1987), Using C. K. Ogden and later Karl Mannheim as advisers the company was soon particularly known for its titles in philosophy, psychology and the social sciences.In 1985, Routledge & Kegan Paul joined with Associated Book Publishers (ABP),Whipp (1992:47) which was later acquired by International Thomson in 1987. Under Thomson's ownership, Routledge's name and operations were retained, and, in 1996, a management buyout financed by the European private equity firm Cinven saw Routledge operating as an independent company once again. Just two year later, Cinven and Routledge's directors accepted a deal for Routledge's acquisition by Taylor & Francis Group (T&F), with the Routledge name being retained as an imprint and subdivision.Clark & Phillips (2008:xvi); Cope (1998)In 2004, T&F became a division within Informa plc after a merger. Routledge continues as a primary publishing unit and imprint within Informa's 'academic publishing' division, publishing academic humanities and social science books, journals, reference works and digital products. Routledge has grown considerably as a result of organic growth and acquisitions of other publishing companies and other publishers' titles by its parent company.Academic Publishing Industry: A Story of Merger and Acquisition {{webarchive|url= |date=18 June 2012 }} - Taylor & Francis.Taylor & FrancisWEB, Results for 12 months to 31st December 2015,weblink Humanities and social sciences titles acquired by T&F from other publishers are rebranded under the Routledge imprint.


The famous English publisher Fredric Warburg was a commissioning editor at Routledge during the early 20th century. Novelist Nina Stibbe, author of Love, Nina, worked at the company as a commissioning editor in the 1990s.WEB, About Nina Stibbe,weblink


Routledge has published many of the greatest thinkers and scholars of the last hundred years, including Adorno, Bohm, Butler, Derrida, Einstein, Foucault, Freud, Hayek, Jung, Levi-Strauss, McLuhan, Marcuse, Popper, Russell, Sartre and Wittgenstein. The republished works of these authors have appeared as part of the Routledge ClassicsWEB, Routledge Classics and Routledge Great Minds,weblink and Routledge Great Minds series. Competitors to the series are Verso Books' Radical Thinkers, Penguin Classics and Oxford World's Classics.


{{See also categories|Routledge books|Routledge academic journals}}

Reference works

Taylor and Francis closed down the Routledge print encyclopaedia division in 2006. Some of its publications were: Reference works by Europa Publications, published by Routledge: Many of Routledge's reference works are published in print and electronic formats as Routledge Handbooks and have their own dedicated website: Routledge Handbooks Online.WEB, Routledge Handbooks Online,weblink The company also publishes several online encyclopedias and collections of digital content such as Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Routledge Encyclopedia of ModernismWEB, Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism,weblink Routledge Performance Archive,WEB, Routledge Performance Archive,weblink and South Asia Archive.WEB, South Asia Archive,weblink

Book series





  • JOURNAL, Boynton, Robert, March–April 1995, The Routledge Revolution: Has Academic Publishing Gone Tabloid?,weblink online reproduction, by author [n.pag.], (Lingua Franca (magazine), Lingua Franca: the review of academic life), Mamaroneck, NY, Lingua Franca, Inc., 5, 3, 24–32, 61311445, 21 August 2009,
  • BOOK, Clark, Giles N., Angus Phillips, 2008, Inside Book Publishing, 4th, Taylor & Francis e-Library collection, Abingdon, UK and New York, Routledge, 978-0-203-34154-4, 182573667,
  • JOURNAL, Cope, Nigel, 5 November 1998, Books merger yields windfall of £6m,weblink online edition, The Independent, London, Independent News & Media, 21 August 2009,
  • BOOK, Franklin, Norman, 1986, Routledge & Kegan Paul: 150 years of Great Publishing, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul,
  • BOOK, Sutherland, John, John Sutherland (author), 2009, The Longman Companion to Victorian Fiction, 2nd, Abingdon, UK and New York, USA, Routledge, 978-1408203903,
  • BOOK, Warburg, Fredric, Fredric Warburg, 1960, An Occupation for Gentlemen, 1st American, Boston, MA, Houghton Mifflin, 1201220,
  • BOOK, Whipp, Richard, 1992, Human Resource Management, Competition and Strategy: Some Productive Tensions, Paul Blyton, Peter Turnbull, Reassessing Human Resource Management, London, SAGE Publications, 33–55, 0-8039-8697-1, 28325927,

External links

{{commons category}}
  • {{Official websiteweblink }}
  • Routledge Revivals: Reprints from humanities and social sciences publications, from the backlists of Routledge imprints
  • Routledge & Kegan Paul Archives: Ledgers, authors' agreements, printed catalogues and other papers 1853-1973, University College London Library.
  • Records of Routledge & Kegan Paul – Correspondence files covering the period 1935 to 1990, as well as review files 1950s-1990s, Special Collections, University of Reading Library.
  • Archives of George Routledge & Company 1853-1902, Chadwyck-Healey Ltd, 1973. 6 reels of microfilm and printed index. (Available from ProQuest)
  • Archives of Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Henry S. King 1858-1912, Chadwyck-Healey Ltd,1973. 27 reels of microfilm with index on microfiche. (Available from Proquest)
{{Informa}}{{Use dmy dates|date=January 2011}}

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