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Roger Ailes
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{{short description|American television executive and political consultant}}{{Use mdy dates|date=July 2016}}







factoids
|birth_place = Warren, Ohio, U.S.20171805|15}}|death_place = Palm Beach, Florida, U.S.Republican Party (United States)>RepublicanMarjorie White1977Norma Ferrer1995Elizabeth Tilson|1998}} |children = 1|alma mater = Ohio UniversityFox NewsChair of Fox Television Stations>Fox TelevisionStations}}{{Conservatism in the United States}}Roger Eugene Ailes (May 15, 1940 â€“ May 18, 2017) was an American television executive and media consultant. He was the chairman and CEO of Fox News and Fox Television Stations, from which he resigned in July 2016 following allegations that he had engaged in sexual harassment. Ailes was a media consultant for Republican presidents Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, and George H. W. Bush, and for Rudy Giuliani's first mayoral campaign. In 2016, he became an adviser to the Donald Trump campaign, where he assisted with debate preparation.Ailes suffered from hemophilia, a medical condition in which the body is impaired in its ability to produce blood clots. He died on May 18, 2017 at the age of 77 after suffering a subdural hematoma that was aggravated by his hemophilia.

Early life

Ailes was born and grew up in the factory town of Warren, Ohio, the son of Donna Marie (née Cunningham) and Robert Eugene Ailes, a factory maintenance foreman.BOOK, Current Biography, H.W. Wilson, 1989, 14, Ailes suffered from hemophilia and was often hospitalized as a youth. He attended the Warren city schools, and later was inducted into Warren G. Harding High School's Distinguished Alumni Hall of Fame.WEB,weblink Warren High Schools' Distinguished Alumni Hall of Fame, Warren City Schools, November 15, 2007,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070923133541weblink">weblink September 23, 2007, dead, His father was abusive, and his parents divorced in 1960.BOOK, Sherman, Gabriel, 2014, The Loudest Voice In The Room: How The Brilliant, Bombastic Roger Ailes Built Fox News â€” And Divided A Country.,weblink Random House, New York City, 978-0-8129-9285-4, Gabriel Sherman, March 23, 2014, {{rp|560}}In 1962, Ailes graduated from Ohio University in Athens, Ohio, where he majored in radio and television and served as the student station manager for WOUB for two years.NEWS, Ohio University to Rename Newsroom for FOX News' Roger Ailes, April 22, 2008, Associated Press,weblink WEB,weblink Roger Ailes's BA, Museum of Broadcast Communications, October 23, 2009,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20060125041529weblink">weblink January 25, 2006, dead,

Career

Early television

Ailes's career in television began in Cleveland and Philadelphia, where he started as Production Assistant (1961), Producer (1965), and Executive Producer (1967–68) for KYW-TV,NEWS, Bernstein, Paula, Littleton, Cynthia, Lowry, Brian, Roger Ailes, Fox News Founder Who Was Forced Out by Scandal, Dies at 77,weblink May 20, 2017, Variety, May 18, 2017, for a then-locally produced talk-variety show, The Mike Douglas Show. He continued as Executive Producer for the show when it was syndicated nationally, and in 1967 and 1968 he won Emmy Awards for it.In 1967, Ailes had a spirited discussion about television in politics with one of the show's guests, Richard Nixon, who took the view that television was a gimmick.WEB, Flint, Joe, Roger Ailes, Former Fox News Chief, Dies at 77,weblink Wall Street Journal, May 18, 2018, May 18, 2017, Later, Nixon called on Ailes to serve as his Executive Producer for television. Nixon's successful presidential campaign was Ailes's first venture into the political spotlight.NEWS, McFarland, Melanie, Master deceivers: When Roger Ailes met Richard Nixon,weblink May 20, 2017, Salon, May 19, 2017, His pioneering work in framing national campaign issues, capitalizing on the race-based Southern Strategy and making the stiff Nixon more likable and accessible to voters was later chronicled in The Selling of the President 1968 by Joe McGinniss.

Political consulting

File:Nixon Contact Sheet WHPO-0514 (cropped).jpg|thumb|right|Ailes with President Richard NixonRichard Nixon(File:Ronald Reagan 1984.jpg|thumb|right|Ailes in 1984)File:Reagan Contact Sheet C36903 (cropped).jpg|thumb|right|Ailes with President Ronald ReaganRonald ReaganFile:Bush Contact Sheet P15686 (cropped).jpg|thumb|right|Ailes with President George H. W. BushGeorge H. W. BushIn 1984, Ailes worked on the campaign to reelect Ronald Reagan. In 1987 and 1988, Ailes was credited (along with Lee Atwater) with guiding George H. W. Bush to victory in the Republican primaries and the victory over Michael Dukakis.NEWS, Lloyd, Grove,weblink Before Roger Ailes was a disgraced Fox News mogul, he was George H.W. Bush’s ‘wily media man’, Washington Post, Nash Holdings, LLC, Washington DC, December 8, 2018, Ailes was credited with the "Orchestra Pit Theory" regarding sensationalist political coverage in the news media, which originated with his quip:}}Ailes' last campaign was the unsuccessful effort of Richard Thornburgh for U.S. Senate in Pennsylvania in November 1991.NEWS, Carlson, Michael, Roger Ailes obituary,weblink May 18, 2017, The Guardian, May 18, 2017, He announced his withdrawal from political consulting in 1991.Days after the 9/11 attacks, Ailes advised President George W. Bush that the American public would be patient as long as they were convinced that Bush was using the harshest measures possible.NEWS, Grove, Lloyd,weblink The Reliable Source: Roger Ailes-Bob Woodward Smackdown?, The Washington Post, November 19, 2002, The correspondence was revealed in Bob Woodward's book Bush at War.BOOK, Bush at War, Bob, Woodward, Bob Woodward, Simon and Schuster, New York City, 2002, 207, 9780743215381, Ailes ... was currently the head of FOX News ... In that position, Ailes was not supposed to be giving political advice., Criticized for giving political advice, Ailes lashed out against Woodward, saying "Woodward got it all screwed up, as usual", and "The reason he's not as rich as Tom Clancy is that while he and Clancy both make stuff up, Clancy does his research first".WEB,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20071030144621weblink">weblink October 30, 2007, Fox chief too cozy with White House?, CNN, November 19, 2002, NEWS, Colford, Paul D.,weblink Didn't Help W, Ailes Sez: Fox News boss disputes book, New York Daily News, November 19, 2002, Ailes refused to release a copy of the memo he sent to Bush.

Book

In 1988, Ailes wrote a book with long-time aide Jon Kraushar entitled You Are the Message: Secrets of the Master Communicators.BOOK, Roger, Ailes, Jon, Krausher, You Are the Message: Secrets of the Master Communicators, Dow Jones-Irwin, New York City, 1988, 978-0-87094-976-0,

President of America Talking channel

Ailes eventually made his way back to television, this time focusing on cable news. In 1993, he became president of CNBC and later created the "America's Talking" channel, which would eventually become MSNBC. He hosted an interview program on America's Talking.WEB,weblink How embattled Fox News CEO Roger Ailes transformed cable news, Castillo, Michelle, July 20, 2016, CNBC, May 18, 2017, In 1995, NBC hired a law firm to conduct an internal investigation after Roger Ailes allegedly called David Zaslav a "little fucking Jew prick."NEWS,weblink The Revenge of Roger's Angels, Gabriel, Sherman, Gabriel Sherman, New York (magazine), New York, New York Media, New York City, September 2, 2016,

Fox

File:Roger Ailes, TV Titan 01.jpg|thumb|right| Ailes, left, is pictured in January 1996 with Rupert MurdochRupert MurdochAiles was hired by Rupert Murdoch in 1996 to become the CEO of Fox News, effective on October 7.WEB,weblink Marketplace: News Archives, Brancaccio, David, October 7, 1996, Marketplace, March 17, 2016,weblink November 23, 2010, dead, (File:Roger Ailes, June 2013.jpg|thumb|right|Ailes in 2013)After the departure of Lachlan Murdoch from News Corporation, Ailes was named Chairman of the Fox Television Stations Group on August 15, 2005. Following his newest assignment, one of his first acts was canceling A Current Affair in September 2005 and replacing it with a new Geraldo Rivera show, Geraldo at Large, which debuted on Halloween, 2005. Rivera's show drew about the same ratings as A Current AffairNEWS,weblink After Riding High With Fox News, Murdoch Aide Has Harder Slog, The Wall Street Journal, November 15, 2007, Julia, Angwin, October 3, 2006, in January 2007.Ailes hired former CBS executive Dennis Swanson in October 2005 to be president of the Fox Television Stations Group. Additionally, there were changes in affiliates' news programs with the standardization of Fox News Channel-like graphics, redesigned studios, news-format changes, and the announcement of a new morning television show called The Morning Show with Mike and Juliet to be produced by Fox News Channel.NEWS,weblink Coming in January, A Fox Morning Show, Steinberg, Jacques, 2006-07-19, The New York Times, 2017-02-16, 0362-4331, In January 2011, 400 rabbis, including leaders from various branches of Judaism in the United States, published an open letter in The Wall Street Journal on the UN-designated Holocaust Remembrance Day. They called on Rupert Murdoch, the chairman of News Corp, to sanction Fox News commentator Glenn Beck for his use of the Holocaust to "discredit any individual or organization you disagree with." An executive at Fox News rejected the letter, calling it the work of a "George Soros-backed left wing political organization."NEWS,weblink London, UK, The Guardian, Ed, Pilkington, Rabbis warn Rupert Murdoch: Fox News and Glenn Beck 'using' Holocaust, January 27, 2011, Ailes is also said to have once referred to Jewish critics of his as "left-wing rabbis."WEB, Pinkas, Alon,weblink US rabbis pen letter criticizing Beck's Holocaust usage, Jpost.com, January 27, 2011, April 7, 2011, Also in 2011, Ailes was criticized for referring to executives of the public radio network NPR as "Nazis" for firing a news analyst, Juan Williams, after Williams had made remarks considered by NPR to be offensive. Ailes apologized to a Jewish group, but not to NPR, for using the expression, writing to the Anti-Defamation League (ADL): "I was of course ad-libbing and should not have chosen that word, but I was angry at the time because of NPR's willingness to censor Juan Williams for not being liberal enough ... My now considered opinion 'nasty, inflexible bigot' would have worked better."WEB,weblink Fox News Chief Blasts NPR 'Nazis', Howard, Kurtz, Daily Beast, November 17, 2010, The ADL welcomed and accepted the apology through its National Director, Abraham Foxman;WEB,weblink ADL Accepts Apology From Fox News CEO Roger Ailes For Inappropriate, adl.org, May 18, 2017, in a subsequent letter to The Wall Street Journal Foxman said that both Ailes and Beck were "pro-Israel stalwarts."NEWS,weblink The Wall Street Journal, Letters to the Editor, The Good Rabbis Were Certainly Not Speaking for Us, February 1, 2011, Abraham H., Foxman, In October 2012, his contract with the network was renewed for four years, through 2016. If completed, he would have served as head of Fox News Channel for 20 years. Salary terms were not made public, although his earnings for the 2012 fiscal year were $21 million inclusive of bonuses.MAGAZINE, Jeff, Bercovici,weblink Roger Ailes Signs Deal To Stay At Fox News Through 2016, Forbes, October 19, 2012, September 12, 2014, In addition to heading Fox News and chairing Fox Television Stations, Ailes also chaired 20th Television, MyNetworkTV and Fox Business Network.

Sexual harassment allegations and resignation

In a book published in 2014, Gabriel Sherman alleged that, in the 1980s, Ailes offered a television producer a raise if she would sleep with him.NEWS,weblink Shocking New Claims About Fox News Chief, Joanna, Zelman, January 7, 2014, Huffington Post, Fox News denied the allegation and rejected the authenticity of Sherman's book.On July 6, 2016, former Fox News anchor Gretchen Carlson filed a sexual harassment lawsuit against Ailes. Carlson alleged that she had been fired for rebuffing Ailes' advances.NEWS,weblink Roger Ailes, Arguing Gretchen Carlson Breached Contract, Presses for Arbitration, Koblin, John, July 8, 2016, The New York Times, 0362-4331, July 20, 2016, NEWS,weblink 21st Century Fox launching 'internal review' at Fox News following Gretchen Carlson lawsuit, Gold, Hadas, Hadas Gold, July 6, 2016, Politico, July 6, 2016, Ailes, through his attorney, Susan Estrich, denied the charges.NEWS, Erik, Wemple,weblink Roger Ailes issues grand denial of sexual harassment charges in Megyn Kelly's new book, Washington Post, November 14, 2016, NEWS, Paul, Farhi,weblink What is feminist hero Susan Estrich doing representing Roger Ailes?, Washington Post, August 4, 2016, Three days later, Gabriel Sherman reported accounts from six women (two publicly and four anonymously) who alleged sexual harassment by Ailes.WEB,weblink Six More Women Allege That Roger Ailes Sexually Harassed Them, Sherman, Gabriel, Gabriel Sherman, July 9, 2016, New York (magazine), New York, July 9, 2016, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160710005437weblink">weblink July 10, 2016, mdy-all, In response, Ailes' counsel released a statement: "It has become obvious that Ms. Carlson and her lawyer are desperately attempting to litigate this in the press because they have no legal case to argue. The latest allegations, all 30 to 50 years old, are false."Ten days later, New York magazine reported that an internal review into Carlson's claims had expanded into a broader review of Ailes's stewardship. It also claimed Rupert Murdoch and his sons, Lachlan and James, had seen enough information in the preliminary review to conclude that Ailes had to go. They disagreed on the timing, however; James wanted Ailes out immediately, while Rupert and Lachlan wanted to wait until after the Republican National Convention.MAGAZINE,weblink Murdochs Have Decided to Remove Roger Ailes — the Only Question Now Is When, New York (magazine), New York, Gabriel, Sherman, Gabriel Sherman, July 18, 2016, August 2, 2016, On July 19, New York reported that Megyn Kelly told investigators Ailes made "unwanted sexual advances toward her" at the start of her career. The magazine also reported that the Murdochs had given Ailes an ultimatum—resign by August 1 or be fired.WEB,weblink Sources: Megyn Kelly Told Murdoch Investigators That Roger Ailes Sexually Harassed Her, New York (magazine), New York, Gabriel, Sherman, Gabriel Sherman, July 19, 2016, July 19, 2016, On July 21, 2016, Ailes resigned from Fox News, receiving $40 million from Fox in an exit agreement. Rupert Murdoch succeeded him as chairman, and as interim CEO until the naming of a permanent replacement.WEB,weblink Roger Ailes Resigns From Fox News Amid Sexual Harassment Accusations, July 21, 2016, Time (magazine), Time, WEB, Molly, Redden,weblink Roger Ailes leaves Fox News in wake of sexual harassment claims, The Guardian, July 21, 2016, In a letter to Murdoch,WEB,weblink Roger Ailes resigns as CEO of Fox News, CNBC, Anita, Balakrishnan, Michelle, Castillo, July 21, 2016, August 22, 2016, Article with text of Ailes's resignation letter. Ailes wrote: "I will not allow my presence to become a distraction from the work that must be done every day to ensure that Fox News and Fox Business continue to lead our industry." Ailes was thanked for his work, without mention of the allegations. He was to continue to advise Murdoch and 21st Century Fox through 2017 until his death.WEB,weblink Rupert Murdoch to Succeed Ailes as Head of Fox News Channel, Bloomberg News, Bloomberg, Lucas, Shaw, July 21, 2016, August 22, 2016,

After Fox

Following Ailes's resignation, Andrea Tantaros claimed in August 2016 that she approached Fox News executives about Ailes's behavior towards her in 2015. She stated that her allegations resulted first in her being demoted, and then in her being taken off the air in April 2016.WEB,weblink Fox News Host Andrea Tantaros Says She Was Taken Off the Air After Making Sexual-Harassment Claims Against Roger Ailes, Gabriel, Sherman, New York, August 8, 2016, August 8, 2016, Tantaros filed a lawsuit against Fox News in August 2016 for sexual harassment, also accusing Bill O'Reilly and Scott Brown.WEB,weblink Ex-Fox News Host Says Scott Brown Put His Hands On Her, Made Sexually Suggestive Comments, CBS News, August 23, 2016, August 23, 2016, WEB,weblink Former Fox News host Andrea Tantaros sues for sexual harassment, Politico, Kelsey, Sutton, August 23, 2016, August 23, 2016, On August 8, 2016, Shelly Ross, writing for The Daily Beast, described her encounter of sexual harassment with Ailes in 1981. She claimed that at a lunch meeting Ailes asked her, "When did you first discover you were sexy?" When Ross explained to Ailes that she found the conversation "very embarrassing," he responded that "the best expression of loyalty comes in the form of a sexual alliance."WEB, Ross, Shelly, Roger Ailes Sexually Harassed Me. I Thought I Was The First and Last,weblink The Daily Beast, August 8, 2016, The next month, 21st Century Fox announced it had settled a lawsuit with Carlson over her allegations of harassment against Ailes.NEWS,weblink Fox Settles With Gretchen Carlson Over Roger Ailes Sex Harassment Claims, New York Times, September 6, 2016, September 7, 2016, Michael M., Grynbaum, John, Koblin, Fox was also reported to have made separate settlements with at least two other women who made complaints about Ailes.In November 2016, Fox News anchor Megyn Kelly wrote in her book about the details of her sexual abuse allegations against Ailes. According to Kelly, when she first joined Fox News, Ailes would have meetings with her, during which he would make sexual remarks. Kelly alleges that he also tried to kiss her several times during a closed-door meeting, but she was able to get away and leave the office. After that incident in 2006, Kelly says that Ailes did not sexually harass her again. Then, in 2016, when Gretchen Carlson first made her sexual abuse allegations, Fox pressured Kelly to defend Ailes, which she refused to do.WEB,weblink Megyn Kelly's Shocking Memoir: 9 Things We Learned About Roger Ailes' Alleged Sexual Harassment, November 16, 2016, People Magazine, Brittany King, In 2016, after he left Fox News, he became an adviser to the Donald Trump campaign, where he assisted with debate preparation.

Personal life

Ailes was married three times; his first two marriages ended in divorce.NEWS, Sherman, Gabriel, The Revenge of Roger's Angels,weblink December 20, 2016, NY Mag, September 2, 2016, He married his third wife Elizabeth Tilson (born 1960) on February 14, 1998. Formerly a television executive, she was the owner and publisher of local New York state newspapers The Putnam County News & Recorder and The Putnam County Courier.WEB, Our publisher, The Putnam County News & Recorder,weblink August 4, 2016, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160811094756weblink">weblink August 11, 2016, mdy-all, WEB, Putnam County Courier, The Putnam County Courier history,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130121200437weblink">weblink dead, January 21, 2013, August 4, 2016, He had one son, named Zachary, with Elizabeth.MAGAZINE, Simpson, Connor, Inside the Paranoid World of Fox News's Roger Ailes,weblink May 18, 2017, The Atlantic, January 8, 2014, The family resided in Garrison, New York, on a hilltop parcel in a home constructed of Adirondack river stone across the Hudson River from United States Military Academy at West Point.NEWS,weblink Citizen Ailes, Gabriel, Sherman, New York (magazine), New York, January 8, 2014, Ailes was a longtime friend of journalist and media personality Barbara Walters.WEB, Craig, Fehrman, January 21, 2011,weblink When Roger Ailes was honest about what he does, Salon (website), Salon, Salon Media Group, San Francisco,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110228232838weblink">weblink February 28, 2011, May 18, 2017, Ailes also had residences in Cresskill, New Jersey,WEB,weblink Fox News Boss Roger Ailes Treats Cops as His Personal Minions, Trotter, J.K., September 15, 2014, Gawker, July 6, 2016, He's also made very good friends with the local cops of Cresskill, New Jersey. According to police records obtained by Gawker, the Cresskill Police Department supplies 24/7 security to Ailes' residence there, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160711071523weblink">weblink July 11, 2016, and Palm Beach, Florida.

Ohio University

In October 2007, Ailes gave a sizeable donation to Ohio University for a renovated student newsroom.WEB,weblink Ohio University Outlook, Ohio.edu, April 7, 2011, Ailes majored in radio and television while at Ohio University and served two years as manager of the school's radio station.Alumnus Roger Ailes helps fund newsroom, Ohio.edu, October 31, 2007. Starting in 1994, he funded scholarships for Ohio University students in the school's telecommunications programs.WEB,weblink Ailes chips in for alma mater's new newsroom — Giving, MSNBC, November 1, 2007, April 7, 2011,

Putnam County senior center

Ailes and his wife Elizabeth, through their charity, ACI Senior Development Corp., promised $500,000 toward the completion of a senior center in Cold Spring, Putnam County, New York. Local opposition to Ailes's participation in the project arose after publication of the sexual harassment accusations against him and in response to a Journal News report about previously undisclosed conditions attached to the proposed gift. Under those conditions, ACI would act as general contractor for the project with no obligation to conduct competitive bidding before awarding construction management and other subcontracts.Further, ACI was excused from any obligation to pay prevailing wages to workers on the project, workers and subcontractors would have no recourse against ACI in case of payment disputes and ACI would deliver its work without warranty.WEB, Wilson, David McKay, Roger Ailes withdraws $500K senior center donation after outcry, The Journal News,weblink August 3, 2016, August 4, 2016, WEB, Wilson, David McKay, TAX WATCH: Ailes center shrouded in secrecy, The Journal News,weblink August 2, 2016, August 4, 2016, After extensive public objection to Ailes's participation at an August 2, 2016, public hearing, the Putnam County Legislature suspended adoption of the proposed charitable donation agreement with ACI.WEB, Gross, Eric, Legislators Table Senior Center Lease, Angry Residents Reject Charitable Donation, The Putnam County News and Recorder,weblink August 3, 2016, August 4, 2016, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160806112615weblink">weblink August 6, 2016, mdy-all, The next day Ailes withdrew the gift.NEWS, McKay Wilson, David, Roger Ailes withdraws $500k Putnam gift after outcry,weblink The Journal News, Gannett Company, White Plains, New York, August 3, 2016, August 13, 2016,

Death

In a 2013 book excerpt from Roger Ailes: Off Camera, Ailes spoke about facing death, saying, "Because of my hemophilia, I've been prepared to face death all of my life. When it comes, I'll be fine, calm. I'll miss life, though. Especially my family."WEB,weblink Exclusive Excerpt: Roger Ailes Off Camera, Vanity Fair (magazine), Vanity Fair, Zef, Chafets, March 6, 2013, May 18, 2017, On May 10, 2017, Ailes fell and hit his head at his Palm Beach, Florida home. He died on May 18, three days after his 77th birthday.WEB,weblink Roger Ailes, architect of conservative TV juggernaut Fox, is dead at 77, The Washington Post, Marc, Fisher, May 18, 2017, May 18, 2017, WEB,weblink Roger Ailes, former president of Fox News, dead at 77, Fox News, May 18, 2017, May 18, 2017, WEB,weblink Roger Ailes fell, hit head at Palm Beach home on May 10, WPTV, May 18, 2017, May 18, 2017, The Palm Beach County Medical Examiner attributed his death to a subdural hematoma, aggravated by hemophilia.NEWS, Battaglio, Stephen, Meg, James, Death of Fox News founder Roger Ailes in Palm Beach County ruled accidental,weblink Sun-Sentinel, Los Angeles Times, 18 May 2017, His wife, Elizabeth, announced his death in a statement on the Drudge Report.WEB,weblink Roger Ailes, Former Chairman and CEO of Fox News, Dead at 77, May 18, 2017, May 18, 2017, Yahoo! News, Ryan, Schwartz,

Biographies

  • BOOK, Dark Genius: The Influential Career of Legendary Political Operative and Fox News Founder Roger Ailes, Union Square Press, Kerwin Swint, 2008, 978-1-4027-5445-6,
  • BOOK, The Fox Effect: How Roger Ailes Turned a Network into a Propaganda Machine, Anchor, David Brock, 2012, 978-0-307-27958-3,weblink
  • BOOK, Roger Ailes: Off Camera, Sentinel, Ze'ev Chafets, 2013, 978-1-59523-108-6,
  • BOOK, (The Loudest Voice In The Room: How The Brilliant, Bombastic Roger Ailes Built Fox News â€“ And Divided A Country), Random House, Gabriel Sherman, 2014, 978-0-8129-9285-4,
  • Divide and Conquer: The Story of Roger Ailes (documentary, 2018, dir. Alexis Bloom)

References

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External links

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