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Red Hat
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{{short description|American software company providing open-source software products to enterprises}}{{Use mdy dates|date=February 2019}}{{About|the software company}}







factoids
>S&P 500 component}}TITLE=FINANCE.YAHOO.COMACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 14, 2017, Bob Young (businessman)>Bob YoungMarc Ewing| hq_location_city = Raleigh, North Carolina| hq_location_country = U.S.| area_served = Worldwide| key_people = Naren Gupta (Chairman)Jim Whitehurst (CEO)| industry = Computer softwareRed Hat Enterprise LinuxRed Hat Directory Server>Fedora (operating system)>Satellite (software)>Red Hat Enterprise VirtualizationRed Hat Storage Server>#CloudForms>OpenShift}}{{increase}} {{US$link=yes}} (2018)HTTPS://WWW.SEC.GOV/ARCHIVES/EDGAR/DATA/1087423/000115752319000688/A51958812EX99_1.HTM>TITLE=SEC FILING FY 2019 {{!, Financial Informationaccess-date=March 25, 2019}}}}{{increase}} {{US$website=redhat.com|access-date=August 29, 2018}}}}{{increase}} {{US$|434 million}} (2018)}}{{increase}} {{US$|5.588 billion}} (2018)}}{{increase}} {{US$|1.613 billion}} (2018)}}201831df=US}})INVESTOR FAQS >PUBLISHER=RED HAT ACCESSDATE=JANUARY 17, 2019, How many employees do you have?, | parent = IBM (pending)| subsid = Red Hat India, Red Hat Czechweblink}}}}Red Hat, Inc. is an American multinational software company providing open-source software products to the enterprise community. Founded in 1993, Red Hat has its corporate headquarters in Raleigh, North Carolina, with other offices worldwide.WEB,weblink Corporate Facts, redhat.com, August 26, 2006, Red Hat has become associated to a large extent with its enterprise operating system Red Hat Enterprise Linux and with the acquisition of open-source enterprise middleware vendor JBoss. Red Hat also offers Red Hat Virtualization (RHV), an enterprise virtualization product. Red Hat provides storage, operating system platforms, middleware, applications, management products, and support, training, and consulting services.Red Hat creates, maintains, and contributes to many free software projects. It has acquired several proprietary software product codebases through corporate mergers and acquisitions and has released such software under open-source licenses. {{As of|2016|03}}, Red Hat is the second largest corporate contributor to the Linux kernel version 4.14 after Intel.WEB,weblink A look at the 4.14 development cycle, Corbet, Jonathan, October 20, 2017, LWN.net, December 20, 2017, On October 28, 2018, IBM announced its intent to acquire Red Hat for $34 billion.WEB,weblink October 28, 2018, Jackie, Wattles, IBM to acquire cloud computing firm Red Hat for $34 billion, CNN, NEWS,weblink IBM to acquire software company Red Hat for $34 billion, October 28, 2018, Reuters, WEB,weblink IBM to Acquire Linux Distributor Red Hat for $33.4 Billion, www.bloomberg.com, October 28, 2018,

History

In 1993, Bob Young incorporated the ACC Corporation, a catalog business that sold Linux and Unix software accessories. In 1994, Marc Ewing created his own Linux distribution, which he named Red Hat Linux (Ewing had worn a red Cornell University lacrosse hat, given to him by his grandfather, while attending Carnegie Mellon UniversityWEB,weblink How Red Hat Got Its Name, Young, Bob, Red Hat Magazine, Dec 2004, January 13, 2011, yes,weblink March 15, 2011, WEB,weblink How Red Hat Got Its Name, Gite, Vivek, nixCRAFT, December 19, 2006, January 13, 2011, WEB,weblink Cornell University Center for Advanced Computing / Operating Systems / Red Hat (archived), December 7, 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20111026152154weblink">weblink October 26, 2011, ). Ewing released the software in October, and it became known as the Halloween release. Young bought Ewing's business in 1995,{{Clarify|date=April 2013}} and the two merged to become Red Hat Software, with Young serving as chief executive officer (CEO).Red Hat went public on August 11, 1999, achieving the eighth-biggest first-day gain in the history of Wall Street.WEB, October 29, 2008,weblink Red Hat History, Red Hat, Matthew Szulik succeeded Bob Young as CEO in December of that year.WEB,weblink FT.com, September 19, 2005, Bob Young went on to found the online print on demand and self-publishing company, Lulu in 2002.On November 15, 1999, Red Hat acquired Cygnus Solutions. Cygnus provided commercial support for free software and housed maintainers of GNU software products such as the GNU Debugger and GNU Binutils. One of the founders of Cygnus, Michael Tiemann, became the chief technical officer of Red Hat and {{As of|2008|alt= by 2008}} the vice president of open-source affairs. Later Red Hat acquired WireSpeed, C2Net and Hell's Kitchen Systems.WEB,weblink Red Hat Buys Hell's Kitchen, Vincent Randazzese, CRN, January 5, 2000, August 1, 2014, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110606205909weblink">weblink June 6, 2011, In February 2000, InfoWorld awarded Red Hat its fourth consecutive "Operating System Product of the Year" award for Red Hat Linux 6.1.WEB, InfoWorld Volume 22 Issue 3,weblink September 24, 2015, 44, January 17, 2000, InfoWorld Media Group, Inc., Red Hat acquired Planning Technologies, Inc in 2001 and AOL's iPlanet directory and certificate-server software in 2004.Red Hat moved its headquarters from Durham to North Carolina State University's Centennial Campus in Raleigh, North Carolina in February 2002. In the following month Red Hat introduced Red Hat Linux Advanced Server,WEB,weblink Red Hat Accelerates UNIX-to-LINUX Migration by Announcing the First Enterprise-Class Linux Operating System, Red Hat, March 26, 2002, WEB, Boulton, Clint, Red Hat Touts Linux Over Unix with New OS,weblink May 13, 2009, InternetNews.com, later renamed Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). Dell,WEB,weblink Dell and Red Hat alliance, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20081202181356weblink">weblink December 2, 2008, mdy-all, IBM,WEB,weblink IBM Linux Portal – Red Hat, yes,weblink February 12, 2008, HPWEB,weblink HP Open source and Linux, and Oracle CorporationWEB,weblink Oracle adopts Red Hat Linux as its own, October 25, 2006, announced their support of the platform.WEB,weblink Premier Partner Spotlight, In December 2005, CIO Insight magazine conducted its annual "Vendor Value Survey", in which Red Hat ranked #1 in value for the second year in a row.NEWS, PDF,weblink Vendor Value, CIO Insight, yes,weblink March 4, 2009, Red Hat stock became part of the NASDAQ-100 on December 19, 2005.Red Hat acquired open-source middleware provider JBoss on June 5, 2006, and JBoss became a division of Red Hat. On September 18, 2006, Red Hat released the Red Hat Application Stack, which integrated the JBoss technology and which was certified by other well-known software vendors.WEB, LaMonica, Martin, Red Hat expands 'stack' with JBoss,weblink May 13, 2009, CNet, WEB, Loftus, Jack, Now shipping: Red Hat-JBoss application stack,weblink May 13, 2009, SearchEnterpriseLinux.com, On December 12, 2006, Red Hat stock moved from trading on NASDAQ (RHAT) to the New York Stock Exchange (RHT). In 2007 Red Hat acquired MetaMatrix and made an agreement with Exadel to distribute its software.On March 15, 2007, Red Hat released Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5, and in June acquired Mobicents. On March 13, 2008, Red Hat acquired Amentra, a provider of systems integration services for service-oriented architecture, business process management, systems development and enterprise data services.On July 27, 2009, Red Hat replaced CIT Group in Standard and Poor's 500 stock index, a diversified index of 500 leading companies of the U.S. economy.WEB,weblink Red Hat Included in S&P 500 Index, Red Hat Press Release, WEB,weblink List of S&P 500 Companies, .standardandpoors.com, December 21, 2009, This was reported as a major milestone for Linux.WEB, Michael, Sean,weblink Red Hat on the S&P 500 is a sign of Linux maturity, Blog.internetnews.com, July 20, 2009, December 21, 2009, WEB,weblink Red Hat Is Now Part of the S&P 500, Slashdot, On December 15, 2009, it was reported that Red Hat will pay {{US$|8.8 million}} to settle a class action lawsuit related to the restatement of financial results from July 2004. The suit had been pending in U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina. Red Hat reached the proposed settlement agreement and recorded a one-time charge of {{US$|8.8 million}} for the quarter that ended Nov. 30.NEWS, Associated Press,weblink Red Hat to pay $8.8M to settle class action suit, Boston.com, File:Red Hat Tower-2013-10-29.jpeg|thumb|right|upright=1.25|Red Hat TowerRed Hat TowerOn January 10, 2011, Red Hat announced that it would expand its headquarters in two phases, adding 540 employees to the Raleigh operation, and investing over {{US$|109 million}}. The state of North Carolina is offering up to {{US$|15 million}} in incentives. The second phase involves "expansion into new technologies such as software visualization and technology cloud offerings".NEWS,weblink Expansion of Headquarters in North Carolina., November 6, 2013, On August 25, 2011, Red Hat announced it would move about 600 employees from the N.C. State Centennial Campus to Two Progress Plaza downtown.NEWS,weblink Red Hat will move to downtown Raleigh, Bracken, David, News and Observer, August 26, 2011, August 26, 2011, yes,weblink November 22, 2011, A ribbon cutting ceremony was held June 24, 2013, in the re-branded Red Hat Headquarters.NEWS,weblink Red Hat workers bring energy to new downtown Raleigh headquarters, Ranii, David, News and Observer, June 24, 2013, August 26, 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140210194507weblink">weblink February 10, 2014, In 2012, Red Hat became the first one-billion dollar open-source company, reaching {{US$|1.13 billion}} in annual revenue during its fiscal year.NEWS,weblink Red Hat: First $1 Billion Open Source Company, Babock, Charles, InformationWeek, March 29, 2012, March 29, 2012, bot: unknown,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120706142025weblink">weblink July 6, 2012, Red Hat passed the $2 billion benchmark in 2015. {{As of|February 2018}} the company's annual revenue was nearly $3 billion.WEB, Red Hat Reports Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2018 Results, redhat.com, April 8, 2018, March 26, 2018,weblink On October 16, 2015, Red Hat announced its acquisition of IT automation startup Ansible, rumored for an estimated $100 million USD.WEB, Red Hat Is Buying IT Automation Startup Ansible, Reportedly For Around $100M,weblink TechCrunch, October 16, 2015, Ingrid, Lunden, In May 2018, Red Hat acquired CoreOS.NEWS,weblink Here's what happens to CoreOS now that Red Hat owns it, Vaughan-Nichols, Steven J., ZDNet, October 28, 2018, en,

Acquisition by IBM

On October 28, 2018, IBM announced its intent to acquire Red Hat for US$34 billion, in one of its largest-ever acquisitions. The company will operate out of IBM's Hybrid Cloud division.NEWS,weblink IBM will acquire open-source cloud software company Red Hat, The Verge, October 28, 2018, NEWS,weblink IBM to acquire Red Hat in deal valued at $34 billion, Kolodny, Lora, October 28, 2018, CNBC, October 28, 2018,

Fedora Project

(File:Fedora logo and wordmark.svg|thumb|Fedora Project logo)Red Hat sponsors the Fedora Project, a community-supported free software project that aims to promote the rapid progress of free and open-source software and content. Fedora aims for rapid innovation using open processes and public forums.WEB,weblink Overview of Fedora Project, Fedora Project, The Fedora Project Board, which comprises community leaders and representatives of Red Hat, leads the project and steers the direction of the project and of Fedora, the Linux distribution it develops. Red Hat employees work with the code alongside community members, and many innovations within the Fedora Project make their way into new releases of Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Business model

Red Hat operates on a professional open-source business model based on open-source software, development within a community, professional quality assurance, and subscription-based customer support. They produce open-source code so that more programmers can make adaptations and improvements.Red Hat sells subscriptions for the support, training, and integration services that help customers in using their open-source software products. Customers pay one set price for unlimited access to services such as Red Hat Network and up to 24/7 support.NEWS,weblink Red Hat Selects Genesys Cloud Contact Center Tool to Transform Customer Experience, In September 2014, however, CEO Jim Whitehurst announced that Red Hat was "in the midst of a major shift from client-server to cloud-mobile".WEB, Vaughan-Nichols, Steven J., Red Hat CEO announces a shift from client-server to cloud computing,weblink ZDNet.com, September 22, 2014, Rich Bynum, a member of Red Hat's legal team, attributes Linux's success and rapid development partially to open-source business models, including Red Hat's.WEB, Asay, Matt, The Red Hat business model, Part II,weblink InfoWorld, August 27, 2017, en, May 11, 2007,

Programs and projects

One Laptop per Child

Red Hat engineers worked with the One Laptop per Child initiative (a non-profit organization established by members of the MIT Media Lab) to design and produce an inexpensive laptop and try to provide every child in the world with access to open communication, open knowledge, and open learning. The XO-4 laptop, the {{As of|2013|alt= latest}} machine of this project, runs a slimmed-down version of Fedora 17 as its operating system.

GNOME

Red Hat is the largest contributor to the GNOME desktop environment. It has several employees working full-time on Evolution, the official personal information manager for GNOME.

Dogtail

Dogtail, an open-source automated graphical user interface (GUI) test framework initially developed by Red Hat, consists of free software released under the GNU General Public License (GPL) and is written in Python. It allows developers to build and test their applications. Red Hat announced the release of Dogtail at the 2006 Red Hat Summit.WEB,weblink Red Hat Launches Projects for Collaboration, Code Testing, yes,weblink March 4, 2016, WEB,weblink Automated GUI testing with Dogtail, yes,weblink December 24, 2014,

MRG

Red Hat MRG is a clustering product intended for integrated high-performance computing (HPC). The acronym MRG stands for "Messaging Realtime Grid".Red Hat Enterprise MRG replaces the Red Hat Enterprise Linux RHEL, a Linux distribution developed by Red Hat, kernel in order to provide extra support for real-time computing, together with middleware support for message brokerage and scheduling workload to local or remote virtual machines, grid computing, and cloud computing.WEB,weblink Linux in Safety-Critical Applications, Roland, Kammerer, November 4, 2008, Technische Universität Wien, Vienna, 59, PDF, January 17, 2010, In December of 2007, Red Hat made a formal product announcement of a product that supports some kinds of real-time extensions.[...] This product is called Red Hat MRG (Messaging, Real Time Grid) platform. The core component is a real-time enhanced kernel that replaces the normal kernel of the Red Hat Enterprise Linux product., {{As of | 2011}}, Red Hat works with the Condor High-Throughput Computing System community and also provides support for the software.WEB,weblink Red Hat Enterprise MRG, March 25, 2011, The Tuna performance-monitoring tool runs in the MRG environment.WEB,weblink Red Hat Enterprise MRG 1.3: Tuna User Guide, Brindley, Lana, Young, Alison, 2011, Red Hat, Inc., May 4, 2014, Using Tuna to perform advanced tuning procedures for the MRG Realtime component of the Red Hat Enterprise MRG distributed computing platform,

Opensource.com

Red Hat produces the online publication Opensource.com. The site highlights ways open-source principles apply in domains other than software development. The site tracks the application of open-source philosophy to business, education, government, law, health, and life.The company originally produced a newsletter called Under the Brim. Wide Open magazine first appeared in March 2004, as a means for Red Hat to share technical content with subscribers on a regular basis. The Under the Brim newsletter and Wide Open magazine merged in November 2004, to become Red Hat Magazine. In January 2010, Red Hat Magazine became Opensource.com.WEB, The editorial team, Now showing: opensource.com,weblink Red Hat Magazine, Red Hat Magazine, August 22, 2011,

{{Anchor|EXCHANGE}}Red Hat Exchange

In 2007, Red Hat announced that it had reached an agreement with some free software and open-source (FOSS) companies that allowed it to make a distribution portal called Red Hat Exchange, reselling FOSS software with the original branding intact.WEB,weblink Red Hat Prepares Business Application Stacks, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20071013221406weblink">weblink October 13, 2007, WEB,weblink Red Hat Launches Open-Source Exchange, BusinessWeek, yes,weblink June 2, 2008, However, by 2010, Red Hat had abandoned the Exchange program to focus their efforts more on their Open Source Channel Alliance which began in April 2009.NEWS, Kerner, Sean Michael, What Happened to Red Hat Exchange?,weblink December 2, 2011, Linux Planet, February 5, 2010,

{{Anchor|RHSM}}Red Hat Subscription Management

Red Hat Subscription Management (RHSM)WEB,weblink How to register and subscribe a system to the Red Hat Customer Portal using Red Hat Subscription Manager (RHSM), 2014, Red Hat, Inc., May 27, 2014, Issue[:] How to register a Red Hat Enterprise Linux system to the Customer Portal using Red Hat Subscription Management (RHSM),
combines content delivery with subscription management.
WEB,weblink Registering a System and Managing Subscriptions, 2014, Red Hat, Inc., May 27, 2014, Red Hat Subscription Manager works with yum to unite content delivery with subscription management.,

OpenShift

Red Hat operates OpenShift, a cloud computing platform as a service, supporting applications written in Node.js, PHP, Perl, Python, Ruby, JavaEE and more.WEB,weblinkweblink yes, December 17, 2012, Redhat.com, On July 31, 2018, Red Hat announced the release of Istio 1.0, a microservices management program used in tandem with the Kubernetes platform. The software purports to provide "traffic management, service identity and security, policy enforcement and telemetry" services in order to streamline Kubernetes use under the various Fedora-based operating systems. Red Hat's Brian Redbeard Harring described Istio as "aiming to be a control plane, similar to the Kubernetes control plane, for configuring a series of proxy servers that get injected between application components".WEB, Istio sets sail as Red Hat renovates OpenShift container ship,weblink

OpenStack

Red Hat markets a version of OpenStack which helps manage a data center in the manner of cloud computing.WEB,weblink Redhat.com,

CloudForms

Red Hat CloudForms provides management of virtual machines, instances and containers based on VMware vSphere, Red Hat Virtualization, Microsoft Hyper-V, OpenStack, Amazon EC2, Google Cloud Platform, Microsoft Azure, and Red Hat OpenShift. CloudForms is based on the ManageIQ project that Red Hat open sourced. Code in ManageIQ is from the over {{US$|100 million}} acquisition of ManageIQ in 2012.WEB,weblink Red Hat CloudForms, WEB,weblink Red Hat Announces ManageIQ Community for Open Source Cloud Management,

LibreOffice

Red Hat contributes, with several software developers, to work on LibreOffice, a free and open-source office suite.WEB,weblink Red Hat LibreOffice developers,

Other FOSS projects

Red Hat has some employees working full-time on other free and open-source software projects that are not Red Hat products, such as two full-time employees working on the free software radeon (David Airlie and Jerome GlisseWEB,weblink AMD's Hiring Another Open-Source Driver Developer, Phoronix, December 11, 2010, Larabel, Michael, Michael Larabel, ) and one full-time employee working on the free software nouveau graphic drivers.WEB,weblink Nouveau – Recap, on-going and future work, Another such project is AeroGear, an open-source project that brings security and development expertise to cross-platform enterprise mobile development.{{Citation needed|date=October 2017}}Red Hat also organises "Open Source Day" eventsWEB,weblink Events, www.redhat.com, where multiple partners show their open-source technologies.Such as BPM, OpenShift, Ansible, BRMS, ADS, Alfresco, B-Cloud, Business-e, CISCO, Dell, Delphis, Elastic, Engineering, Eurotech, Extra, Extraordy, Fujitsu, HPE, IBM, IKS, Intel, Kiratech, Mongo DB, Nuage, Partec, Plurimidia, Scalix, Sorint, Zextras, Zimbra, Fuse, DataGrid, OpenStack, Ceph, CloudForms.

Utilities and tools

Subscribers have access to:
  • Red Hat Developer Toolset (DTSweblink – performance analysis and development tools
WEB
,weblink
, Red Hat Developer Toolset: Technology Brief
, 2015
, Red Hat
, 1
, November 3, 2016
, Red Hat Developer Toolset is for developers on the Red Hat Enterprise Linux platform. It is a set of development and performance analysis tools that can be installed and used on multiple versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux. [...] Available through the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Developer Program and related subscriptions, Red Hat Developer Toolset allows C, C++, and Fortran developers to compile and deploy to multiple versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
,
  • Red Hat Software Collections (RHSCL)weblink
Over and above Red Hat's major products and acquisitions, Red Hat programmers have produced software programming-tools and utilities to supplement standard Unix and Linux software. Some of these Red Hat "products" have found their way from specifically Red Hat operating environments via open-source channels to a wider community. Such utilities include:
  • Disk Druid – for disk partitioningWEB,weblink Disk Druid,
  • rpm – for package management
  • sos (son of sysreport) – tools for collecting information on system hardware and configuration.
WEB,weblink Getting in the Fast Lane with Red Hat Support, Bastian, Jeff, Streeter, Guy, 2008, Red Hat, Red Hat, 10, July 16, 2014, sos = son of sysreport (RHEL 4.6, 5.0 and newer), yes,weblink September 15, 2012,
    • sosreport – reports system hardware and configuration detailsWEB,weblink sosreport(1) – Linux man page
, {{Citation needed| reason=wider community| date=July 2010}}
  • SystemTap – tracing tool for Linux kernels, developed with IBM, Hitachi, OracleWEB,weblink SystemTap home page, and IntelWEB,weblink Architecture of systemtap: a Linux trace/probe tool,
  • NetworkManager
The Red Hat website lists the organization's major involvements in free and open-source software projects.WEB,weblink Open source development list, January 16, 2009, redhat.com, Red Hat, Community projects under the aegis of Red Hat include: HTTP://PULPPROJECT.ORG/> TITLE = PULP, October 16, 2011, Pulp [...] [a] Red Hat community project [...] a Python application for managing software repositories and their associated content, such as packages, errata, and distributions.,

Subsidiaries

Red Hat India

In 2000, Red Hat created the subsidiary Red Hat India to deliver Red Hat software, support, and services to Indian customers. Colin Tenwick, vice president and general manager of Red Hat EMEA said Red Hat India was opened "in response to the rapid adoption of Red Hat Linux in the subcontinent. Demand for open-source solutions from the Indian markets is rising and Red Hat wants to play a major role in this region."WEB,weblink Red Hat Expands Into India; New Operation in India Strengthens Red Hat's Offerings to Customers in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bhutan., Business Wire, November 9, 2000, April 15, 2011, the opening of this office is in response to the rapid adoption of Red Hat Linux in the subcontinent. India is one of the leading software development countries in the world. Demand for open source solutions from the Indian markets is rising and Red Hat wants to play a major role in this region., Red Hat India has worked with local companies to enable adoption of open-source technology in both governmentWEB,weblink Red Hat Appoints New Country General Manager For India, TechnoFirst, February 1, 2011, April 15, 2011, "Open source has seen solid traction with enterprises in India. Not only has the Indian Government been at the forefront of adopting open source technologies, but Indian enterprises too have been avid users of open source software for mission-critical purposes," noted Kumar. He adds, "India's strong engineering credentials has made it an active contributor to the open source development engine. We look forward to working with the community and enterprises to take open source development and adoption to the next level in India.", yes,weblink August 30, 2011, and education.WEB,weblink Red Hat commits to modernizing education system in India, Redhat Press Release, March 20, 2006, April 15, 2011, yes,weblink August 9, 2011, In 2006, Red Hat India had a distribution network of more than 70 channel partners spanning 27 cities across India.WEB,weblink Red Hat Strengthens Partner Network in Northern India, Redhat Press Release, May 11, 2006, April 15, 2011, Red Hat India has a distribution network of more than 70 channel partners, spanning 27 cities across India., yes,weblink August 9, 2011, Red Hat India's channel partners included MarkCraft Solutions, Ashtech Infotech Pvt Ltd, Efensys Technologies, Embee Software, Allied Digital Services, and Softcell Technologies. Distributors include Integra Micro SystemsWEB,weblink Integra Micro Systems, Integra Micro, Systems, www.integramicro.com, and Ingram Micro.

Mergers and acquisitions

Red Hat's first major acquisition involved Delix Computer GmbH-Linux Div, the Linux-based operating-system division of Delix Computer, a German computer company, on July 30, 1999.Red Hat acquired Cygnus Solutions, a company that provided commercial support for free software, on January 11, 2000 – it was the company's largest acquisition, for {{US$|674 million}}.WEB,weblink Red Hat To Acquire Cygnus and Create Global Open Source Powerhouse, www.redhat.com, February 23, 2017, Michael Tiemann, co-founder of Cygnus, served as the chief technical officer of Red Hat after the acquisition. Red Hat made the most acquisitions in 2000 with five: Cygnus Solutions, Bluecurve, Wirespeed Communications, Hell's Kitchen Systems, and C2Net. On June 5, 2006, Red Hat acquired open-source middleware provider JBoss for {{US$|420 million}} and integrated it as its own division of Red Hat.On December 14, 1998, Red Hat made its first divestment, when Intel and Netscape acquired undisclosed minority stakes in the company. The next year, on March 9, 1999, Compaq, IBM, Dell and Novell each acquired undisclosed minority stakes in Red Hat.

Acquisitions{| class"wikitable sortable"

! Date! Company! Business! Country! Value (USD)!class="unsortable"| References199913}}| Atomic Vision| Website designUnited States}} — HTTP://WWW.SALON.COM/TECH/LOG/1999/07/16/LINUX/ >TITLE=RED HAT SNAGS ATOMIC DESIGNERS SALON.COM >ACCESSDATE=JULY 20, 2009, HTTP://WWW.BUTTERICKLAW.COM/BIO.PHP/ >TITLE=BUTTERICK LAW CORPORATION DEADURL=YES ARCHIVEDATE=JUNE 26, 2009, 199930}}| Delix Computer GmbH-Linux DivDelix Computer GmbH-Linux Div was acquired from Delix Computer.| Computers and softwareGermany}} — HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/RED_HAT_INC_ACQUIRES_DELIX_COMPUTER_GMBH_LINUX_DIV_FROM_DELIX_COMPUTER_GMBH-909735040 >TITLE=RED HAT INC ACQUIRES DELIX COMPUTER GMBH-LINUX DIV FROM DELIX COMPUTER GMBH (1999/07/30) THOMSON FINANCIAL >ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, 200011}}| Cygnus Solutions LimitedGCC Compiler>gcc, GNU Debugger, GNU Binutils>binutilsUnited States}} ${{nts|674444000}} HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/RED_HAT_INC_ACQUIRES_CYGNUS_SOLUTIONS-942378020 >TITLE=RED HAT INC ACQUIRES CYGNUS SOLUTIONS (2000/01/11) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, 200026}}| BluecurveInformation technology>IT management softwareUnited States}} ${{nts|37107000}} HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/RED_HAT_INC_ACQUIRES_BLUECURVE_INC-999225020 >TITLE=RED HAT INC ACQUIRES BLUECURVE INC (2000/05/26) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, 20001}}| Wirespeed Communications| Internet softwareUnited States}} ${{nts|83963000}} HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/RED_HAT_INC_ACQUIRES_WIRESPEED_COMMUNICATIONS_CORP-1022268020 >TITLE=RED HAT INC ACQUIRES WIRESPEED COMMUNICATIONS CORP (2000/08/01) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, 200015}}| Hell's Kitchen Systems| Internet softwareUnited States}} ${{nts|85624000}} HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/RED_HAT_INC_ACQUIRES_HELL_S_KITCHEN_SYSTEMS-958929020 >TITLE=RED HAT INC ACQUIRES HELL'S KITCHEN SYSTEMS (2000/08/15) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, 200013}}| C2Net| Internet softwareUnited States}} ${{nts|39983000}} HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/RED_HAT_INC_ACQUIRES_C2NET_SOFTWARE_INC-1036936020 >TITLE=RED HAT INC ACQUIRES C2NET SOFTWARE INC (2000/09/13) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, 20015}}| Akopia| Ecommerce websitesUnited States}} — HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/RED_HAT_INC_ACQUIRES_AKOPIA_INC-1088621020 >TITLE=RED HAT INC ACQUIRES AKOPIA INC (2001/02/05) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, 200128}}| Planning Technologies| ConsultingUnited States}} ${{nts|47000000}} HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/RED_HAT_INC_ACQUIRES_PLANNING_TECHNOLOGIES_INC-1160091020 >TITLE=RED HAT INC ACQUIRES PLANNING TECHNOLOGIES INC (2001/02/28) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, 200211}}| ArsDigita| Assets and employeesUnited States}} — HTTP://NEWS.CNET.COM/RED-HAT-GRABS-LAST-PIECES-OF-ARSDIGITA/2100-1016_3-834607.HTML > TITLE=RED HAT GRABS LAST PIECES OF ARSDIGITA ACCESSDATE=NOVEMBER 30, 2010, 200215}}| NOCpulse| SoftwareUnited States}} — HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/RED_HAT_INC_ACQUIRES_NOCPULSE_INC-1994807020 >TITLE=RED HAT INC ACQUIRES NOCPULSE INC (2002/10/15) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, 200318}}| Sistina SoftwareGlobal File System>GFS, Logical Volume Manager (Linux), Device mapper>DMUnited States}} ${{nts|31000000}} HTTP://WWW.REDHAT.COM/ABOUT/PRESSCENTER/2003/PRESS_SISTINA.HTML >TITLE=RED HAT CONTINUES SCALE OUT OF OPEN SOURCE ARCHITECTURE WITH SISTINA ACQUISITION ACCESSDATE=NOVEMBER 30, 2010, 200430}}| The Netscape Security-Certain AstsNetscape Security-Certain Asts was acquired from Netscape Security Solutions.| Certain assetsUnited States}} — HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/RED_HAT_INC_ACQUIRES_NETSCAPE_SECURITY_CERTAIN_ASTS_FROM_NETSCAPE_SECURITY_SOLUTIONS-1607461020 >TITLE=RED HAT INC ACQUIRES NETSCAPE SECURITY-CERTAIN ASTS FROM NETSCAPE SECURITY SOLUTIONS (2004/09/30) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, 20065}}JBoss (company)>JBoss| MiddlewareUnited States}} ${{nts|420000000}} HTTPS://WWW.REDHAT.COM/EN/ABOUT/PRESS-RELEASES/JBOSS>TITLE=RED HAT SIGNS DEFINITIVE AGREEMENT TO ACQUIRE JBOSS {{!, Red Hataccess-date=May 27, 2016}}20076}}| MetaMatrix| Information management softwareUnited States}} — HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/RED_HAT_INC_ACQUIRES_METAMATRIX_INC-1861838020 >TITLE=RED HAT INC ACQUIRES METAMATRIX INC (2007/06/06) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, 200719}}| Mobicents| Telecommunications softwareUnited States}} — HTTP://WWW.REDHAT.COM/ABOUT/NEWS/PRARCHIVE/2007/TELCO.HTML >TITLE= RED HAT EXPANDS FOOTPRINT IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS TO SUPPORT NEXT-GENERATION COMMUNICATIONS ACCESSDATE=NOVEMBER 30, 2010, 200813}}| Amentra| ConsultingUnited States}} — HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/RED_HAT_INC_ACQUIRES_AMENTRA_INC-1960695020 >TITLE=RED HAT INC ACQUIRES AMENTRA INC (2008/03/13) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, 20084}}Identix Incorporated>Identyx| SoftwareUnited States}} — MARCH 8, 2009 >URL=HTTP://WWW.REDHAT.COM/ABOUT/COMPANYPROFILE/HISTORY/ PUBLISHER=RED HAT, 20084}}| QumranetKernel-based Virtual Machine>KVM, Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization, SPICE (protocol)>SPICEIsrael}} ${{nts|107000000}} HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/RED_HAT_INC_ACQUIRES_QUMRANET_INC-2009562020 >TITLE=RED HAT INC ACQUIRES QUMRANET INC (2008/09/04) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, 201030}}| Makara| Enterprise softwareUnited States}} — HTTP://WWW.REDHAT.COM/ABOUT/NEWS/PRARCHIVE/2010/MAKARA.HTML >TITLE=RED HAT ACCELERATES PAAS STRATEGY WITH ACQUISITION OF MAKARA, Red Hat, 201104}}| Gluster| GlusterFSUnited States}} ${{nts|136000000}} HTTP://WWW.REDHAT.COM/PROMO/STORAGE/PRESS-RELEASE.HTML >TITLE= RED HAT TO ACQUIRE GLUSTER DEADURL= YES ARCHIVEDATE= MAY 30, 2013, 201227}}FUSE ESB>FuseSource| Enterprise integration softwareUnited States}} — HTTPS://WWW.REDHAT.COM/ABOUT/NEWS/PRESS-ARCHIVE/2012/6/RED-HAT-TO-ACQUIRE-FUSESOURCE >TITLE=RED HAT TO ACQUIRE FUSESOURCE, Red Hat, 201228}}| Polymita| Enterprise softwareSpain}} — HTTPS://WWW.REDHAT.COM/ABOUT/NEWS/PRESS-ARCHIVE/2012/8/RED-HAT-ACQUIRES-BPM-TECHNOLOGY-FROM-POLYMITA >TITLE=RED HAT ACQUIRES BPM TECHNOLOGY FROM POLYMITA, Red Hat, 201220}}| ManageIQ| Orchestration softwareUnited States}} ${{nts|104000000}} HTTP://WWW.REDHAT.COM/ABOUT/NEWS/PRESS-ARCHIVE/2012/12/RED-HAT-SIGNS-DEFINITIVE-AGREEMENT-TO-ACQUIRE-MANAGEIQ >TITLE=RED HAT SIGNS DEFINITIVE AGREEMENT TO ACQUIRE MANAGEIQ DEADURL=YES ARCHIVEDATE=JANUARY 2, 2013, 20147}}CentOS>The CentOS Project| CentOSUnited States}} — HTTP://LISTS.CENTOS.ORG/PIPERMAIL/CENTOS-ANNOUNCE/2014-JANUARY/020100.HTML >TITLE=CENTOS PROJECT JOINS FORCES WITH RED HAT PUBLISHER=CENTOS MAILING LIST, 201430}}| Inktank StorageCeph (software)>CephUnited States}} ${{nts|175000000}} HTTP://WWW.REDHAT.COM/ABOUT/NEWS/PRESS-ARCHIVE/2014/4/RED-HAT-TO-ACQUIRE-INKTANK-PROVIDER-OF-CEPH >TITLE=RED HAT TO ACQUIRE INKTANK, PROVIDER OF CEPH DEADURL=YES ARCHIVEDATE=MAY 1, 2014, 201418}}| eNovance| OpenStack Integration ServicesFrance}} ${{nts|95000000}} HTTP://WWW.REDHAT.COM/ABOUT/NEWS/PRESS-ARCHIVE/2014/6/RED-HAT-TO-ACQUIRE-ENOVANCE >TITLE=RED HAT TO ACQUIRE ENOVANCE, A LEADER IN OPENSTACK INTEGRATION SERVICES, Red Hat, 201418}}| FeedHenry| Mobile Application PlatformIreland}} ${{nts|82000000}} HTTP://WWW.REDHAT.COM/EN/ABOUT/PRESS-RELEASES/RED-HAT-ACQUIRE-FEEDHENRY-ADDS-ENTERPRISE-MOBILE-APPLICATION-PLATFORM >TITLE= RED HAT TO ACQUIRE FEEDHENRY, ADDS ENTERPRISE MOBILE APPLICATION PLATFORM, Red Hat, 201516}}Ansible (software)>Ansible| Configuration management, Orchestration engineUnited States}} — HTTP://WWW.REDHAT.COM/EN/ABOUT/PRESS-RELEASES/RED-HAT-ACQUIRE-IT-AUTOMATION-AND-DEVOPS-LEADER-ANSIBLE >TITLE= RED HAT TO ACQUIRE IT AUTOMATION AND DEVOPS LEADER ANSIBLE, Red Hat, 201622}}| 3scale| API managementUnited States}} — HTTPS://WWW.REDHAT.COM/EN/ABOUT/PRESS-RELEASES/RED-HAT-ACQUIRE-API-MANAGEMENT-LEADER-3SCALE >TITLE= RED HAT TO ACQUIRE API MANAGEMENT LEADER 3SCALE, Red Hat, 201725}}| Codenvy| Cloud softwareUnited States}} — HTTPS://WWW.REDHAT.COM/EN/ABOUT/PRESS-RELEASES/RED-HAT-ACQUIRE-CODENVY-PROVIDER-AGILE-AND-CLOUD-NATIVE-DEVELOPMENT-TOOLS >TITLE= RED HAT TO ACQUIRE CODENVY, PROVIDER OF AGILE AND CLOUD-NATIVE DEVELOPMENT TOOLS, Red Hat, 201731}}| Permabit| Data deduplication and compressionUnited States}} — HTTPS://WWW.REDHAT.COM/EN/ABOUT/PRESS-RELEASES/RED-HAT-ACQUIRES-PERMABIT-ASSETS-EASES-BARRIERS-CLOUD-PORTABILITY-DATA-DEDUPLICATION-TECHNOLOGY >TITLE= RED HAT ACQUIRES PERMABIT ASSETS, EASES BARRIERS TO CLOUD PORTABILITY WITH DATA DEDUPLICATION TECHNOLOGY, Red Hat, 201830}}|CoreOS|Management of containerized application:Container Linux by CoreOSUnited States}} ${{nts|250000000}} HTTPS://WWW.REDHAT.COM/EN/ABOUT/PRESS-RELEASES/RED-HAT-ACQUIRE-COREOS-EXPANDING-ITS-KUBERNETES-AND-CONTAINERS-LEADERSHIP >TITLE= RED HAT TO ACQUIRE COREOS, EXPANDING ITS KUBERNETES AND CONTAINERS LEADERSHIP, Red Hat, 201828}}|NooBaa|Cloud storage technologyIsrael}} — HTTPS://WWW.REDHAT.COM/EN/ABOUT/PRESS-RELEASES/RED-HAT-ACQUIRES-HYBRID-CLOUD-DATA-MANAGEMENT-PROVIDER-NOOBAA >TITLE= RED HAT ACQUIRES HYBRID CLOUD DATA MANAGEMENT PROVIDER NOOBAA, Red Hat, ">

Divestitures{| class"wikitable sortable"

! Date! Acquirer! Target company! Target business! Acquirer country! Value (USD)!class="unsortable"| References199814}}| Intel Corporation| Red HatIntel Corporation acquired a minority stake in Red Hat.| Open-source software {{Flagu|United States}} — HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/INTEL_CORP_ACQUIRES_A_MINORITY_STAKE_IN_RED_HAT_INC-828823020 >TITLE=INTEL CORP ACQUIRES A MINORITY STAKE IN RED HAT INC (1998/12/14) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, {{dead linkbot=medic}}{{cbignore|bot=medic}}19999}}| Compaq| Red HatCompaq acquired a minority stake in Red Hat.| Open-source software {{Flagu|United States}} — HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/COMPAQ_COMPUTER_CORP_ACQUIRES_A_MINORITY_STAKE_IN_RED_HAT_INC-859986020 >TITLE=COMPAQ COMPUTER CORP ACQUIRES A MINORITY STAKE IN RED HAT INC (1999/03/09) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008, {{dead linkbot=medic}}{{cbignore|bot=medic}}19999}}| IBM| Red HatIBM acquired a minority stake in Red Hat.| Open-source software {{Flagu|United States}} — HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/IBM_CORP_ACQUIRES_A_MINORITY_STAKE_IN_RED_HAT_INC-859978020 >TITLE=IBM CORP ACQUIRES A MINORITY STAKE IN RED HAT INC (1999/03/09) ACCESSDATE=OCTOBER 28, 2008 ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20101002133303/HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M%26A/IBM_CORP_ACQUIRES_A_MINORITY_STAKE_IN_RED_HAT_INC-859978020 DF=, 19999}}| Novell| Red HatNovell acquired a minority stake in Red Hat| Open-source software {{Flagu|United States}} — HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M&A/NOVELL_INC_ACQUIRES_A_MINORITY_STAKE_IN_RED_HAT_INC-859992020 >TITLE= NOVELL INC ACQUIRES A MINORITY STAKE IN RED HAT INC (1999/03/09) ACCESSDATE= OCTOBER 28, 2008 ARCHIVEURL= HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20090523112459/HTTP://WWW.ALACRASTORE.COM/STORECONTENT/THOMSON_M%26A/NOVELL_INC_ACQUIRES_A_MINORITY_STAKE_IN_RED_HAT_INC-859992020 DF=, {{Reflist|group=note}}

References

{{Reflist|30em}}

External links

{{Commons category|Red Hat}}
  • {{Official website}}
{{Finance links| name = Red Hat| symbol = RHT| sec_cik = RHT| yahoo = RHT| google = RHT}}
  • {{OpenCorp|Red Hat}}
  • [//fedoraproject.org/wiki/RedHatContributions Red Hat contributions to Free and Open Source software]
  • Opensource.com
{{Red Hat}}

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