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RationalWiki
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{{Use mdy dates|date=June 2019}}{{Use American English|date=March 2016}}







factoids
rationalwiki.org}}| slogan = | commercial = No| type = Wiki| registration = OptionalPUBLISHER=RATIONALWIKI ARCHIVE-URL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20181009092738/HTTPS://RATIONALWIKI.ORG/WIKI/RATIONALWIKI:LANGUAGES DEAD-URL=NO, PUBLISHER=RATIONALMEDIA FOUNDATION ARCHIVE-URL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20150211021035/HTTP://RATIONALMEDIA.ORG/ABOUT/ DEAD-URL=NO, PUBLISHER=RATIONALWIKI ARCHIVE-URL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20150106213731/HTTP://RATIONALWIKI.ORG/WIKI/RATIONALWIKI:GENERAL_DISCLAIMER DEAD-URL=NO, CC-BY-SA 3.0RATIONALWIKI:COPYRIGHTS PUBLISHER=RATIONALWIKI ARCHIVE-URL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20181105231933/HTTPS://RATIONALWIKI.ORG/WIKI/RATIONALWIKI:COPYRIGHTS DEAD-URL=NO, | programming_language = MediaWiki softwarePUBLISHER=RATIONALWIKI ARCHIVE-URL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20170810092526/HTTPS://RATIONALWIKI.ORG/WIKI/RATIONALWIKI:TIMELINE DEAD-URL=NO, 20197PUBLISHER=ALEXA INTERNET ARCHIVE-URL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20181230134704/HTTPS://WWW.ALEXA.COM/SITEINFO/RATIONALWIKI.ORG DEAD-URL=NO, | current status = Active}}RationalWiki is a wiki whose stated aims are to critique and challenge pseudoscience and the anti-science movement, explore authoritarianism and fundamentalism and analyze how these subjects are handled in the media. It was created in 2007 to counter Conservapedia after an incident in which contributors attempting to edit Conservapedia were banned.

History

Origin

In April 2007, Peter Lipson, a doctor of internal medicine, attempted to edit Conservapedia's article on breast cancer to include evidence against Conservapedia's claim that abortion was linked to the disease. Conservapedia is an encyclopedia started by Andy Schlafly as an alternative to Pseudopedia, which Schlafly perceived as suffering from liberal and atheist bias. He and Conservapedia administrators "questioned [Lipson's] credentials and shut down debate". After they were blocked, "Lipson and several other contributors quit trying to moderate the articles [on Conservapedia] and instead started their own website, RationalWiki".NEWS, Simon, Stephanie, June 19, 2007, A conservative's answer to Wikipedia,weblink Los Angeles Times, June 13, 2019, WEB,weblink Need hard facts? Try Conservapedia, Lester, Haines, The Register, June 20, 2007, January 19, 2015,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150211031134weblink">weblink February 11, 2015, no,

RationalMedia Foundation

{{Primary sources|section|date=July 2019}}Prior to 2010, RationalWiki's domains were registered to Trent Toulouse, and the wiki was hosted from a server located in his home. In 2010, Trent Toulouse incorporated a nonprofit organization, the RationalWiki Foundation Inc., to manage the affairs and pay the operational expenses of the website. In July 2013, the RationalWiki Foundation changed its name to the RationalMedia Foundation, stating that its aims extended beyond the RationalWiki site alone.WEB,weblink A message from our Chair, RationalMedia Foundation blog, July 30, 2013, August 22, 2017, bot: unknown,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160405150414weblink">weblink April 5, 2016,

Content

RationalWiki differs in several ways from the philosophy of Wikipedia and some other informational wikis. It is written from a self-described "snarky point of view" (SPOV) rather than a "neutral point of view" (NPOV), and publishes opinion, speculation, and original research.WEB,weblink RationalWiki, RationalWiki:What is a RationalWiki article?, January 16, 2015,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150209042145weblink">weblink February 9, 2015, no, Many RationalWiki articles mockingly describe beliefs that RationalWiki opposes, especially when covering topics like alternative medicine or fundamentalist Christian leaders.A significant fraction of activity on RationalWiki is critiquing and "monitor[ing] Conservapedia". RationalWiki contributors, many of whom are former Conservapedia contributors, are often highly critical of Conservapedia, and according to an article published in the Los Angeles Times in 2007, RationalWiki members "by their own admission" vandalize Conservapedia. Lester Haines of The Register stated: "Its entry entitled 'Conservapedia:Delusions' promptly mocks the claims that 'Homosexuality is a mental disorder', 'Atheists are sociopaths', and 'During the 6 days of creation G-d placed the Earth inside a black hole to slow down time so the light from distant stars had time to reach us'".In an article about using text to classify political views, Yan et. al 2019 classified Conservapedia and RationalWiki as "crowdsourced collective intelligence" and described RationalWiki as a "Democratic" or "liberal" response to Conservapedia, which in turn is a "Republican response to Wikipedia".ARTICLE, Yan, Hao, Das, Sanmay, Lavoie, Allen, Li, Sirui, Sinclair, Betsy, 2018, The Congressional Classification Challenge: Domain Specificity and Partisan Intensity, EC '19 Proceedings of the 2019 ACM Conference on Economics and Computation,weblink

Reception

Andrea Ballatore, a lecturer at the University of California, Santa Barbara categorizes RationalWiki as a debunking website in a 2015 study, finding it to be the third most visible website when researching conspiracy theories in terms of Google and Bing search results, slightly more visible than rense.com and less visible than YouTube or Wikipedia.JOURNAL, Ballatore, Andrea,weblink Google chemtrails: A methodology to analyze topic representation in search engine results., 7, First Monday, 20, 20.7 (2015), March 15, 2016,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160308111444weblink">weblink March 8, 2016, no, June 19, 2015, In Critical Thinking: Pseudoscience and the Paranormal, Johnathan Smith lists RationalWiki in an exercise on finding and identifying fallacies.BOOK, Smith, Jonathan C., Critical Thinking: Pseudoscience and the Paranormal, John Wiley & Sons, 2017, 77, 978-1-119-02948-9, In Intelligent Systems 2014, Alexander Shvets stated that RationalWiki is one of the few online resources that "provide some information about pseudoscientific theories" and notes that it attempts to "organize and categorize knowledge about pseudoscientific theories, personalities, and organizations".BOOK, Intelligent Systems'2014: Proceedings of the 7th IEEE International Conference Intelligent Systems IS'2014, September 24–26, 2014, Warsaw, Poland, Volume 2: Tools, Architectures, Systems, Applications. Series: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Vol. 323, A Method of Automatic Detection of Pseudoscientific Publications, page 533 et seq., Shvets, Alexander, 3, Filev, D., Jabłkowski, J., Kacprzyk, J., Krawczak, M., Popchev, I., Rutkowski, L., Sgurev, V., Sotirova, E., Szynkarczyk, P., Zadrozny, S., Springer Publishing, October 2, 2014, 978-3-319-11310-4, Similarly, Keeler et al. stated that sites like RationalWiki can help to "sort out the complexities" that arise when "distant and unfamiliar and complex things are communicated to great masses of people".WEB,weblink Crowdsourced Knowledge: Peril and Promise for Complex Knowledge Systems, Mary, Keeler, Josh, Johnson, Arun, Majumdar, 756, New England Complex Systems Institute, 2011, January 17, 2015,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150413184123weblink">weblink April 13, 2015, no, Benjamin Brojakowski of Bowling Green State University described RationalWiki as "a Wikipedia-style website aimed at educating individuals with unorthodox views".WEB, Brojakowski, Benjamin,weblink Digital Whiteness Imperialism: Redefining Caucasian Identity Post-Boston Bombing, Bowling Green State University (dissertation), August 2017, October 3, 2017,weblink October 3, 2017, no, RationalWiki has been cited on Internet history. Snopes has repeatedly quoted RationalWiki for background on Sorcha Faal of the European Union Times.WEB, Mikkelson, David,weblink Russia Warns Obama: Monsanto, May 29, 2013, Snopes, January 19, 2015, WEB, Mikkelson, David,weblink Pentagon Warns to Expect ‘Radical’ Change in U.S. Government Soon, October 10, 2013, Snopes, January 19, 2015, WEB, Mikkelson, David,weblink Obama Ousts Top Officers After Nuke Explodes in Ocean Instead of Charleston, March 19, 2015, Snopes, August 19, 2019, WEB, Mikkelson, David,weblink Obama Plan to Depopulate Montana Raises Crisis Fears in Moscow, January 27, 2014, Snopes, January 19, 2015, RationalWiki's description of the "Lenski affair" was quoted by Magnus Ramage in Perspectives on InformationBOOK, 1-136-70763-8, Routledge, Magnus, Ramage, David, Chapman, 2012, Perspectives on Information, 90, and cited by Tom Kaden in Creationism and Anti-Creationism in the United States.BOOK, Tom, Kaden, Creationism and Anti-Creationism in the United States: A Sociology of Conflict, 3-319-99379-8, Springer, 2019, 22, 111, It was quoted by Thomas Leitch in Wikipedia U: Knowledge, Authority, and Liberal Education in the Digital Age on the history of Citizendium.BOOK, 1-4214-1550-X, JHU Press, Thomas, Leitch, 2014, Wikipedia U: Knowledge, Authority, and Liberal Education in the Digital Age, 145, RationalWiki was cited by Reiss Rubinstein and Lois Weithorn in Responding to the Childhood Vaccination Crisis about the website Whale.to, saying that it is an "infamous conspiracy site", using RationalWiki as a source.JOURNAL, Reiss, Dorit Rubinstein, Weithorn, Lois A.,weblink Responding to the Childhood Vaccination Crisis: Legal Frameworks and Tools in the Context of Parental Vaccine Refusal, Buffalo Law Review, 63, 2015, 943, August 19, 2019, RationalWiki's explanation of Gish gallops was referenced by The Guardian in an article on climate change denialNEWS,weblink Nuccitelli, Dana, These are the best arguments from the 3% of climate scientist 'skeptics.' Really., July 25, 2016, The Guardian, October 6, 2017, and Erik Krabbe and Jan van Laar in an article on "quibbles".JOURNAL, Erik, Krabbe, Jan, van Laar, In the quagmire of quibbles: a dialectical exploration,weblink Synthese, 2019, 26 June 2019, RationalWiki's description of the history and membership of LessWrong was quoted by Beth Singler in Existential Hope and Existential Despair in AI Apocalypticism and TranshumanismJOURNAL, Singler, Beth, Existential Hope and Existential Despair in AI Apocalypticism and Transhumanism,weblink Zygon, 54, 1, March 2019, 26 June 2019, and cited by Saswat Sarangi and Pankaj Sharma in Artificial Intelligence.BOOK, Saswat, Sarangi, Pankaj, Sharma, 2018, Introduction,weblink Artificial Intelligence: Evolution, Ethics and Public Policy, Routledge India, 24, 978-0-429-46100-2, The Daily Beast writer Charles Davis alleges that, according to LibCom.org, Angela Nagle's Kill All Normies has "several passages" that "are similar to entries in Wikipedia and another online encyclopedia, RationalWiki".NEWS,weblink Sloppy Sourcing Plagues ‘Kill All Normies’ Alt-Right Book, Davis, Charles, 2018-05-19, The Daily Beast, 2018-11-28, Several magazines and op-eds have criticized specific RationalWiki articles. Paul Austin Murphy, of American Thinker magazine, criticized RationalWiki for calling American Thinker a "wingnut publication".NEWS,weblink American Thinker is a Wingnut Publication, Murphy, Paul Austin, American Thinker, November 19, 2014, January 19, 2015,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150120173105weblink">weblink January 20, 2015, no, George Selgin of the Cato Institute disagreed with RationalWiki's criticism of the stability of the gold standard.WEB,weblink Ten Things Every Economist Should Know about the Gold Standard, Selgin, George, Cato Institute, June 4, 2015, August 14, 2017,weblink August 14, 2017, no, Franklin Einspruch of The Federalist criticized RationalWiki for claiming that "Cultural Marxism" is a conspiracy theory.WEB,weblink Cultural Marxists Are Actually Pomofascists, Einspruch, Franklin, September 6, 2016, The Federalist (website), The Federalist, August 14, 2017,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170814102336weblink">weblink August 14, 2017, no,

See also

References

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External links

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