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Queen (band)
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factoids
Smile (band)>Queen + Paul RodgersQueen + Adam Lambert>David Bowie}}queenonline.com}}| current_members = }}Queen are a British rock band formed in London in 1970. Their classic line-up was Freddie Mercury (lead vocals and piano), Brian May (lead guitar and vocals), Roger Taylor (drums and vocals) and John Deacon (bass guitar). Their earliest works were influenced by progressive rock, hard rock and heavy metal, but the band gradually ventured into more conventional and radio-friendly works by incorporating further styles, such as arena rock and pop rock.Before forming Queen, May and Taylor had played together in the band Smile. Mercury was a fan of Smile and encouraged them to experiment with more elaborate stage and recording techniques. He joined in 1970 and suggested the name "Queen". Deacon was recruited in March 1971, before the band released their eponymous debut album in 1973. Queen first charted in the UK with their second album, Queen II, in 1974. Sheer Heart Attack later that year and A Night at the Opera in 1975 brought them international success. The latter featured "Bohemian Rhapsody", which stayed at number one in the UK for nine weeks and helped popularise the music video format.The band's 1977 album News of the World contained "We Will Rock You" and "We Are the Champions", which have become anthems at sporting events. By the early 1980s, Queen were one of the biggest stadium rock bands in the world. "Another One Bites the Dust" (1980) became their best-selling single, while their 1981 compilation album Greatest Hits is the best-selling album in the UK and is certified eight times platinum in the US. Their performance at the 1985 Live Aid concert has been ranked among the greatest in rock history by various publications. In August 1986, Mercury gave his last performance with Queen at Knebworth, England. In 1991, he died of bronchopneumonia - a complication of AIDS, and Deacon retired in 1997. Since 2004, May and Taylor have toured under the "Queen +" name with vocalists Paul Rodgers and Adam Lambert.Estimates of Queen's record sales range from 170 million to 300 million records, making them one of the world's best-selling music artists. In 1990, Queen received the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to British Music from the British Phonographic Industry. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001. Each member has composed hit singles, and all four were inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2003. In 2005, Queen received the Ivor Novello Award for Outstanding Song Collection from the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers, and Authors. In 2018, they were presented the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

History

1968–1974: Early era

File:Queen First Public Performance Here 18 July 1970.jpg|thumb|upright|PRS for Music heritage award commemorating Queen's first performance, Prince Consort RoadPrince Consort RoadIn 1968, guitarist Brian May, a student at London's Imperial College, and bassist Tim Staffell decided to form a band. May placed an advertisement on a college notice board for a "Mitch Mitchell/Ginger Baker type" drummer; Roger Taylor, a young dental student, auditioned and got the job. The group called themselves Smile.Hodkinson, Mark (2009). "Queen: The Early Years". p.118 While attending Ealing Art College in west London, Staffell became friends with Farrokh "Freddie" Bulsara, a fellow student from Zanzibar of Indian Parsi descent.NEWS, Freddie Mercury's complex relationship with Zanzibar,weblink 28 February 2019, BBC, Bulsara, who was working as a baggage handler at London's Heathrow Airport, felt that he and the band had the same tastes and soon became a keen fan of Smile.NEWS, Freddie Mercury fans hit Heathrow to celebrate Queen star’s stint as a baggage handler,weblink 1 May 2019, The Times, In 1970, after Staffell left to join the band Humpy Bong, the remaining Smile members, encouraged by now-member Bulsara, changed their name to "Queen" and performed their first gig on 18 July.NEWS,weblink Heritage award to mark Queen's first gig, bbc.co.uk, 5 March 2013, The band had a number of bass players during this period who did not fit with the band's chemistry. It was not until March 1971 that they settled on John Deacon and began to rehearse for their first album.NEWS, The Band: John Deacon,weblink 13 July 2019, Queen Online, They recorded four of their own songs, "Liar", "Keep Yourself Alive", "The Night Comes Down" and "Jesus", for a demo tape; no record companies were interested.JOURNAL, Queen Biography for 1971, Queen Zone,weblink dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130512132209weblink">weblink 12 May 2013, It was also around this time Freddie changed his surname to "Mercury", inspired by the line "Mother Mercury, look what they've done to me" in the song "My Fairy King".Blake, Mark. "Is This the Real Life?: The Untold Story of Queen". p. 96 On 2 July 1971, Queen played their first show in the classic line-up of Mercury, May, Taylor and Deacon at a Surrey college outside London."Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock". p.26. Voyageur Press, 2009Having attended art college, Mercury also designed Queen's logo, called the Queen crest, shortly before the release of the band's first album. The logo combines the zodiac signs of all four members: two lions for Leo (Deacon and Taylor), a crab for Cancer (May), and two fairies for Virgo (Mercury). The lions embrace a stylised letter Q, the crab rests atop the letter with flames rising directly above it, and the fairies are each sheltering below a lion. There is also a crown inside the Q and the whole logo is over-shadowed by an enormous phoenix. The whole symbol bears a passing resemblance to the Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom, particularly with the lion supporters.WEB,weblink Queen Logo, Famouslogos.net, 28 January 2011, The original logo, as found on the reverse-side of the cover of the band's first album, was a simple line drawing. Later sleeves bore more intricate-coloured versions of the logo.WEB,weblink Queen Crest (Original), 7 June 2011, File:The Cavern Club, exhibited signed guitars for memorable performances - The Rolling Stones (5th November 1963) - Crescent Stratocaster, Queen (31st October 1970) - Squier Stratocaster (2016-09-04 20.44.17 by NH53).jpg|thumb|left|upright|Queen guitar (right, next to a Rolling Stones guitar) at the Cavern Club in Liverpool, marking a 31 October 1970 Queen concert at the venue]]In 1972, Queen entered discussions with Trident Studios after being spotted at De Lane Lea Studios by John Anthony. After these discussions, Norman Sheffield offered the band a management deal under Neptune Productions, a subsidiary of Trident, to manage the band and enable them to use the facilities at Trident to record new material, whilst the management searched for a record label to sign Queen. This suited both parties, as Trident were expanding into management, and under the deal, Queen were able to make use of the hi-tech recording facilities used by other musicians such as the Beatles and Elton John to produce new material.BOOK, 2 July 2013, Life on Two Legs, Norman, Sheffield, Norman Sheffield, Roger Taylor later described these early off-peak studio hours as "gold dust".WEB,weblink Queen: From Rags to Rhapsody – BBC Four, BBC, en-GB, 2018-05-09, In 1973, Queen signed to a deal with Trident/EMI. By July of that year, they released their eponymous debut album, an effort influenced by heavy metal and progressive rock.Buckley, Peter (2003) The rough guide to rock p.422. Rough Guides, 2003 The album was received well by critics; Gordon Fletcher of Rolling Stone called it "superb",WEB,weblink Queen By Gordon Fletcher December 6, 1973, December 1973, and Chicago's Daily Herald called it an "above average debut".NEWS, Queen, 7 December 1973, Daily Herald, Chicago, IL,weblink However, it drew little mainstream attention, and the lead single "Keep Yourself Alive" sold poorly. Retrospectively, it is cited as the highlight of the album, and in 2008 Rolling Stone ranked it 31st in the "100 Greatest Guitar Songs of All Time", describing it as "an entire album's worth of riffs crammed into a single song".WEB,weblink 100 Greatest Guitar Songs of All Time, Rolling Stone, June 2008, The album was certified gold in the UK and the US.{{Listen|filename =TheMarchOfTheBlackQueen.ogg|title ="The March of the Black Queen"|description =A sample of "The March of the Black Queen" from Queen II (1974). The band's earlier songs (such as this) leaned more towards progressive rock and heavy metal compared to their later work.}}The group's second LP, Queen II, was released in 1974, and features rock photographer Mick Rock's iconic image of the band on the cover. This image would be used as the basis for the 1975 "Bohemian Rhapsody" music video production.NEWS,weblink Photographer lives the Rock dream, Pryor, Fiona, BBC News, 10 May 2007, 25 May 2011, The album reached number five on the British album chart and became the first Queen album to chart in the UK.JOURNAL, Roberts, David, 2006, British Hit Singles & Albums, London, Guinness World Records Limited, The Freddie Mercury-written lead single "Seven Seas of Rhye" reached number ten in the UK, giving the band their first hit. The album is the first real testament to the band's distinctive layered sound, and features long complex instrumental passages, fantasy-themed lyrics, and musical virtuosity.WEB, Stephen Thomas Erlewine, Queen II, AllMusic, {{Allmusic, album, r687302, yes, }} Aside from its only single, the album also included the song "The March of the Black Queen", a six-minute epic which lacks a chorus. The Daily Vault described the number as "menacing".JOURNAL, Bruce Rusk, Queen II, Daily Vault,weblink Critical reaction was mixed; the Winnipeg Free Press, while praising the band's debut album, described Queen II as an "over-produced monstrosity".JOURNAL, Queen II, Winnipeg Free Press,weblink AllMusic has described the album as a favourite among the band's hardcore fans,WEB, Thomas, Stephen, {{Allmusic, album, r687302, yes, |title=link Queen II: Allmusic review |website=AllMusic |date=9 April 1974 |accessdate=2 June 2010}} and it is the first of three Queen albums to feature in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.

1974–1976: Sheer Heart Attack to A Night at the Opera

In May 1974, a month into the band's first US tour opening for Mott the Hoople, Brian May collapsed and was diagnosed with hepatitis, forcing the cancellation of their remaining dates.Mark Hodkinson. Queen: the early years. Omnibus Press 2004. Retrieved 28 August 2011 While recuperating, May was initially absent when the band started work on their third album, but he returned midway through the recording process.BOOK,weblink Legends of rock guitar: the essential reference of rock's greatest guitarists, Booksgoogle.com, 28 September 2014, Released in 1974, Sheer Heart Attack reached number two in the UK,WEB,weblink Queen – Sheer Heart Attack, Official Charts Company, sold well throughout Europe, and went gold in the US. It gave the band their first real experience of international success, and was a hit on both sides of the Atlantic.WEB, Queen Discography,weblink ... and in November released Sheer Heart Attack which was a hit on both sides of the Atlantic., Queen Online, The album experimented with a variety of musical genres, including British music hall, heavy metal, ballads, ragtime, and Caribbean. At this point, Queen started to move away from the progressive tendencies of their first two releases into a more radio-friendly, song-orientated style.Queen: Sheer Heart Attack {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120711154720weblink |date=11 July 2012 }} Stretching contemporary production methods, Sheer Heart Attack introduced new sound and melody patterns.The single "Killer Queen" from Sheer Heart Attack reached number two on the British charts, and became their first US hit, reaching number 12 on the Billboard Hot 100.JOURNAL, Whitburn, Joel, Joel Whitburn, 2006, The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits, Billboard Books, The song was partly recorded at Rockfield Studios in Wales.BOOK, Popoff, Martin, Queen: Album by Album, 2018, Voyageur Press, 36, With Mercury playing the grand piano, it combines camp, vaudeville, and British music hall with May's guitar virtuosity. The album's second single, "Now I'm Here", a more traditional hard rock composition, was a number eleven hit in the UK, while the high speed rocker "Stone Cold Crazy" featuring May's uptempo riffs is a precursor to speed metal.WEB,weblink Queen: Sheer Heart Attack Review, Jones, Chris, 7 June 2007, BBC, 25 May 2011, In recent years, the album has received acclaim from music publications: In 2006, Classic Rock ranked it number 28 in "The 100 Greatest British Rock Albums Ever",WEB,weblink Classic Rock 'The 100 Greatest British Rock Albums Ever', rocklistmusic, 2 June 2010, and in 2007, Mojo ranked it No.88 in "The 100 Records That Changed the World".Mojo, June 2007, "The 100 Records That Changed the World" It is also the second of three Queen albums to feature in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.File:Roy Thomas Baker by Tere Baker crop 2.jpg|thumb|left|upright|Roy Thomas Baker produced Queen's first four albums as well as Jazz]]In January 1975, the band left for a world tour with each member in Zandra Rhodes-created costumes and accompanied with banks of lights and effects. They toured the US as headliners, and played in Canada for the first time,WEB,weblink Guitar Player: Brian May Interview, Queenarchives.com, 28 September 2014, after that they played in seven cities of Japan from mid-April to the start of May. In September, after an angry split with Trident, the band negotiated themselves out of their Trident Studios contract and searched for new management. One of the options they considered was an offer from Led Zeppelin's manager, Peter Grant. Grant wanted them to sign with Led Zeppelin's own production company, Swan Song Records. The band found the contract unacceptable and instead contacted Elton John's manager, John Reid, who accepted the position.Hodkinson, Mark (2009). "Queen: The Early Years". p.166In late 1975, Queen recorded and released A Night at the Opera, taking its name from the popular Marx Brothers movie. At the time, it was the most expensive album ever produced.JOURNAL, A Night at the Opera, Acoustic Sounds,weblink Like its predecessor, the album features diverse musical styles and experimentation with stereo sound. In "The Prophet's Song", an eight-minute epic, the middle section is a canon, with simple phrases layered to create a full-choral sound. The Mercury penned ballad, "Love of My Life", featured a harp and overdubbed vocal harmonies.WEB, Song Review by Greg Prato,weblink Queen: Love of My Life, AllMusic, The album was very successful in Britain, and went triple platinum in the United States. The British public voted it the 13th greatest album of all time in a 2004 Channel 4 poll.WEB, 100 Greatest Albums, Channel 4,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090429165349weblink">weblink 29 April 2009, 21 November 2006, dead, It has also ranked highly in international polls; in a worldwide Guinness poll, it was voted the 19th greatest of all time,WEB,weblink Guinness poll, London Evening Standard, UK, 2 June 2010, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101225150021weblink">weblink 25 December 2010, while an ABC poll saw the Australian public vote it the 28th greatest of all time.WEB,weblink ABC poll, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 2 June 2010,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20061205092304weblink">weblink 5 December 2006, dead, dmy-all, A Night at the Opera has frequently appeared in "greatest albums" lists reflecting the opinions of critics. Among other accolades, it was ranked number 16 in Q magazine's "The 50 Best British Albums Ever" in 2004, and number 11 in Rolling Stone's "The 100 Greatest Albums of All Time" as featured in their Mexican edition in 2004.WEB,weblink A Night at the Opera, Acclaimed Music, 2 June 2010,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100612073931weblink">weblink 12 June 2010, dead, dmy-all, It was also placed at number 230 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" in 2003.WEB,weblink 230 – A Night at the Opera, Rolling Stone, 2 June 2010,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120522113344weblink">weblink 22 May 2012, dead, A Night at the Opera is the third and final Queen album to be featured in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.WEB,weblink 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die, Rocklistmusic.co.uk, 2 June 2010,
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}}The album also featured the hit single "Bohemian Rhapsody", which was number one in the UK for nine weeks. Mercury's close friend and advisor, Capital London radio DJ Kenny Everett, played a pivotal role in giving the single exposure."When Freddie Mercury Met Kenny Everett". (1 June 2002). Channel 4"Kenny Everett – The best possible way to remember a true pioneer". The Independent. Retrieved 24 January 2015 It is the third-best-selling single of all time in the UK, surpassed only by Band Aid's "Do They Know It's Christmas?" and Elton John's "Candle in the Wind 1997", and is the best-selling commercial single (i.e. not for-charity) in the UK. It also reached number nine in the United States (a 1992 re-release reached number two on the Billboard Hot 100 for five weeks). It is the only single ever to sell a million copies on two separate occasions,WEB, Queen Discography: A Night at the Opera,weblink Queen Online, and became the Christmas number one twice in the UK, the only single ever to do so. "Bohemian Rhapsody" has also been voted the greatest song of all time in three different polls.NEWS,weblink Queen rock on in poll, 16 December 2007, 8 May 2002, BBC News, NEWS,weblink 'Bohemian Rhapsody' Top Chart Topper, 16 December 2007, 9 November 2002, CBS News, WEB,weblink Queen's 'Bohemian Rhapsody' greatest song of all time, The band decided to make a video to help go with the single and hired Trilion,WEB,weblink www.reddwarf.co.uk features interviews rocket, Reddwarf.co.uk, 11 June 2004, a subsidiary of the former management company Trident Studios, using new technology to create the video; the result is generally considered to have been the first "true" music video ever produced,BOOK,weblink's+1976+clip+for+Queen's+Bohemian+Rhapsody#v=onepage&q=David%20Mallet's%201976%20clip%20for%20Queen's%20Bohemian%20Rhapsody&f=false, Medium cool: music videos from soundies to cellphones. p.157. Duke University Press, 2007, Books.google.com, NEWS,weblink Top five Queen music videos, The Daily Telegraph, Mark, Monahan, 24 November 2011, 4 January 2016, and popularised the medium.NEWS,weblink Queen's landmark single Bohemian Rhapsody turns 40 this week, The Belfast Telegraph, Andy, Welch, 5 November 2015, 4 January 2016, Although other bands, including the Beatles, had made short promotional films or videos of songs before, most of those were made to be aired on specific television shows. According to Brian May, the video was produced so that the band could avoid miming on the BBC's Top of the Pops, since it would have looked strange miming to such a complex song. In addition, the band knew they would be set to appear at Dundee's Caird Hall on tour and would be unable to appear on Top of the Pops.Directed by Carl Johnston (4 December 2004). The Story of Bohemian Rhapsody (Television production). BBC. Retrieved 9 March 2019On the impact of the "Bohemian Rhapsody" promotional video, Rolling Stone states: "Its influence cannot be overstated, practically inventing the music video seven years before MTV went on the air."WEB,weblink Party On: Queen's Brian May Remembers 'Bohemian Rhapsody' on 40th Anniversary, Rolling Stone, Mark, Sutherland, 30 October 2015, 4 January 2016, Ranking it number 31 on their list of the 50 key events in rock music history, The Guardian stated it ensured "videos would henceforth be a mandatory tool in the marketing of music".NEWS, Hann, Michael, Queen herald the age of the music video,weblink The Guardian, 12 June 2011, 17 December 2016, The first track on A Night at the Opera, "Death on Two Legs", is said to have been written by Mercury about Norman Sheffield (and the former management at Trident who helped make the video so popular) because the band was broke despite the success of the previous album.{{Citation|last=mobile4357|title=Queen: The Making of "Death On Two Legs"|date=23 February 2008|url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R95JPrQpcOE|accessdate=24 June 2017}} The second single from the album, "You're My Best Friend", the second song composed by John Deacon, and his first single, peaked at number sixteen in the United States and went on to become a worldwide top-ten hit. The band's A Night at the Opera Tour began in November 1975, and covered Europe, the United States, Japan, and Australia.WEB, Mr.Scully,weblink Queen live on tour: A Night At The Opera, Queenconcerts.com,

1976–1979: A Day at the Races to Live Killers

(file:Queen-1977ADATRT.jpg|thumb|upright|Queen poster for a January 1977 concert in Dayton, Ohio)By 1976, Queen were back in the studio recording A Day at the Races, which is often regarded as a sequel album to A Night at the Opera.WEB,weblink A Day at the Races, AllMusic, 28 September 2014, JOURNAL, Queen, Disco Museum,weblink dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150417134851weblink">weblink 17 April 2015, It again borrowed the name of a Marx Brothers movie, and its cover was similar to that of A Night at the Opera, a variation on the same Queen logo. The most recognisable of the Marx Brothers, Groucho Marx, invited Queen to visit him in his Los Angeles home in March 1977; there the band thanked him in person, and performed "'39" a cappella.Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock. p.96. Voyageur Press, 2009 Musically, A Day at the Races was by both fans' and critics' standards a strong effort, reaching number one in the UK and Japan, and number five in the US.WEB,weblink A Day at the Races, Queenonline.com, 28 September 2014, The major hit on the album was "Somebody to Love", a gospel-inspired song in which Mercury, May, and Taylor multi-tracked their voices to create a 100-voice gospel choir. The song went to number two in the UK, and number thirteen in the US. The album also featured one of the band's heaviest songs, May's "Tie Your Mother Down", which became a staple of their live shows."Tie Your Mother Down" has been included in all of the band's tours from the summer of 1976 to the most recent Return of the Champions tour, Queen Concertography.WEB, Song Review by Ed Rivadavia,weblink Tie Your Mother Down, AllMusic, During 1976, Queen played one of their most famous gigs, a free concert in Hyde Park, London. A concert organised by the entrepreneur Richard Branson, it set an attendance record with 150,000 people confirmed in the audience.WEB, BBC,weblink Queen play Hyde Park, 9 April 2009, JOURNAL, Queen Biography 1976, Queen Zone,weblink dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070311140329weblink">weblink 11 March 2007, On 1 December 1976, Queen were the intended guests on London's early evening Today programme, but they pulled out at the last-minute, which saw their late replacement on the show, EMI labelmate the Sex Pistols, give their infamous expletive-strewn interview with Bill Grundy.Hince, Peter (2009). "Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock". — "When Fred Met Sid". p.119. Voyageur Press, 2009WEB,weblink Sex Pistols on Bill Grundy's 'Today' show most requested clip, NME, 28 July 2008, During the A Day at the Races Tour in 1977, Queen performed sold-out shows at Madison Square Garden, New York, in February, and Earls Court, London, in June.Tiven, Jon (1977) Queen's Live Act Stuns City {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110715135839weblink |date=15 July 2011 }}. Retrieved 21 May 2011 The Earls Court concerts commemorated the Silver Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II, and saw the band use a lighting rig in the shape of a crown for the first time.NEWS, Whitfield, David, Freddie Mercury's sister Kashmira on the success of 'Bohemian Rhapsody' – and what happened when the Queen legend used to visit her in Nottingham,weblink 4 April 2019, Nottingham Post, 3 April 2019, NEWS, Hilburn, Robert, Los Angeles Times, 20 December 1978,weblink Pop Music Review: Putting Queen in Audio Seat Queen for a Night, 4 April 2019, The band's sixth studio album News of the World was released in 1977, which has gone four times platinum in the United States, and twice in the UK.WEB,weblink RIAA – Gold and Platinum, riaa, 28 September 2014, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150904041257weblink">weblink 4 September 2015, The album contained many songs tailor-made for live performance, including two of rock's most recognisable anthems, "We Will Rock You" and the rock ballad "We Are the Champions", both of which became enduring international sports anthems, and the latter reached number four in the US.WEB,weblink We Are the Champions: Song Review, AllMusic, 28 September 2014, Queen commenced the News of the World Tour in November 1977, and Robert Hilburn of the Los Angeles Times called this concert tour the band's "most spectacularly staged and finely honed show".NEWS, Hilburn, Robert, Los Angeles Times, 20 December 1977,weblink Pop Music Review: Queen's Royal Achievement, During the tour they sold out another two shows at MSG, and in 1978 they received the Madison Square Garden Gold Ticket Award for passing more than 100,000 unit ticket sales at the venue.WEB, Valdron, Ryan, 16 November 2018,weblink Today in Rock History: November 16th, K106.3 FM,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20181116115522weblink">weblink 16 November 2018, live, 2 April 2019, File:QueenPerforming1977.jpg|thumb|left|Queen in (New Haven, Connecticut|New Haven]], Connecticut in November 1977|alt=l-r: John Deacon, Brian May, and Freddie Mercury seen live in 1978) In 1978, the band released Jazz, which reached number two in the UK and number six on the Billboard 200 in the US.WEB,weblink Jazz – Queen: Billboard Albums, AllMusic, 28 September 2014, The album included the hit singles "Fat Bottomed Girls" and "Bicycle Race" on a double-sided record. Reviews of the album in recent years have been more favourable.WEB,weblink Jazz – Queen: Review, AllMusic, 28 September 2014, Another notable track from Jazz, "Don't Stop Me Now", provides another example of the band's exuberant vocal harmonies.Donald A. Guarisco, "Don't Stop Me Now". AllMusic. Retrieved 12 July 2011In 1978, Queen toured the US and Canada, and spent much of 1979 touring in Europe and Japan.weblink {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120402201522weblink |date=2 April 2012 }} They released their first live album, Live Killers, in 1979; it went platinum twice in the US.WEB,weblink RIAA, RIAA, 2 June 2010, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070626174049weblink">weblink 26 June 2007, Queen also released the very successful single "Crazy Little Thing Called Love", a rockabilly inspired song done in the style of Elvis Presley.BOOK,weblink Billboard 18 July 1980, 33, Books.google.com, 12 July 1980, The song made the top 10 in many countries, topped the Australian ARIA Charts for seven consecutive weeks, and was the band's first number one single in the United States where it topped the Billboard Hot 100 for four weeks.Kent, David (1993) (doc). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. Australian Chart Book, St Ives, N.S.W Having written the song on guitar and played rhythm on the record, Mercury played rhythm guitar while performing the song live, which was the first time he ever played guitar in concert.WEB, queen, official, Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon,weblink Lights! Action! Sound! It's That Crazy Little Thing Called Queen. Circus Magazine, Queenonline.com, On 26 December 1979, Queen played the opening night at the Concert for the People of Kampuchea in London, having accepted a request by the event's organiser, Paul McCartney. The concert was the last date of their Crazy Tour of London.BOOK, Freestone, Peter, David Evans, Freddie Mercury: An intimate memoir by the man who knew him best, Omnibus Press, 2001, 0-7119-8674-6,weblink 18,

1980–1984: The Game to The Works

File:Queen Concert Oakland 2.jpg|thumb|right|Queen on stage at the Oakland ArenaOakland ArenaQueen began their 1980s career with The Game. It featured the singles "Crazy Little Thing Called Love" and "Another One Bites the Dust", both of which reached number one in the US. After attending a Queen concert in Los Angeles, Michael Jackson suggested to Mercury backstage that "Another One Bites the Dust" be released as a single, and in October 1980 it spent three weeks at number one.BOOK,weblink Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock. p.155. Voyageur Press, 2009, Books.google.com, The album topped the Billboard 200 for five weeks,JOURNAL, Whitburn, Joel, The Billboard Albums, Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin, Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin, Record Research, 2006, and sold over four million copies in the US. It was also the first appearance of a synthesiser on a Queen album. Heretofore, their albums featured a distinctive "No Synthesisers!" sleeve note. The note is widely assumed to reflect an anti-synth, pro-"hard"-rock stance by the band,WEB,weblink Inductees – The Vocal Group Hall of Fame Foundation, Vocalgroup.org, 2 June 2010, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101130034307weblink">weblink 30 November 2010, but was later revealed by producer Roy Thomas Baker to be an attempt to clarify that those albums' multi-layered solos were created with guitars, not synths, as record company executives kept assuming at the time.JOURNAL, Cunningham, Mark, AN INVITATION TO THE OPERA: Roy Thomas Baker & Gary Langan: The Making Of Queen's 'Bohemian Rhapsody', Sound on Sound, October 1995,weblink "There was no stipulation that we wouldn't have any synths, but the statement 'No synths' was printed on the album sleeves because of peoples' lack of intellect in the ears department. Many people couldn't hear the difference between a multitracked guitar and a synthesiser. We would spend four days multi-layering a guitar solo and then some imbecile from the record company would come in and say, 'I like that synth!'", ., In September 1980, Queen performed three sold-out shows at Madison Square Garden.Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock. p.128, 129, 159. Voyageur Press, 2009 In 1980, Queen also released the soundtrack they had recorded for Flash Gordon.BOOK,weblink Billboard 12 July 1980, Books.google.co.uk, 28 September 2014, At the 1981 American Music Awards in January, "Another One Bites the Dust" won the award for Favorite Pop/Rock Single, and Queen were nominated for Favorite Pop/Rock Band, Duo, or Group.WEB,weblink 8th American Music Awards, Rockonthenet.com, In February 1981, Queen travelled to South America as part of The Game Tour, and became the first major rock band to play in Latin American stadiums. The tour included five shows in Argentina, one of which drew the largest single concert crowd in Argentine history with an audience of 300,000 in Buenos AiresNEWS, The Washington Post, 27 July 1982,weblink Queen's Flashy Rock, Retrieved 15 January 2011 and two concerts at the Morumbi Stadium in São Paulo, Brazil, where they played to an audience of more than 131,000 people in the first night (then the largest paying audience for a single band anywhere in the world)NEWS, Max Lowry,weblink The ones that got away, The Guardian, 13 July 2008, London, and more than 120,000 people the following night.Henke, James (11 June 1981) "Queen Holds Court in South America" Rolling Stone Retrieved 15 January 2011 In October of the same year, Queen performed for more than 150,000 fans on 9 October at Monterrey (Estadio Universitario) and 17 and 18 at Puebla (Estadio Zaragoza), Mexico.Purvis, Georg (2007) Queen: Complete Works p.315. Reynolds & Hearn, On 24 and 25 November, Queen played two sell out nights at the Montreal Forum, Quebec, Canada.weblink {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140510090916weblink |date=10 May 2014 }} One of Mercury's most notable performances of The Game's final track, "Save Me", took place in Montreal, and the concert is recorded in the live album, Queen Rock Montreal.WEB, Stephen Thomas Erlewine,weblink Queen Rock Montreal, AllMusic, 30 October 2007, Queen worked with David Bowie on the single "Under Pressure". The first-time collaboration with another artist was spontaneous, as Bowie happened to drop by the studio while Queen were recording.JOURNAL, Queen biography 1981, Queen Zone,weblink dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20061123032211weblink">weblink 23 November 2006, Upon its release, the song was extremely successful, reaching number one in the UK and featuring at number 31 on VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of the '80s.WEB,weblink VH1: 100 Greatest Songs of the 80s, Rock on the Net, In October that year, Queen released their first compilation album, titled Greatest Hits, which showcased the group's highlights from 1974 to 1981. It is the best-selling album in UK Chart history, and (as of June 2019) has spent 867 weeks in the UK Album Chart.JOURNAL, 16 November 2006, Queen head all-time sales chart, BBC,weblink NEWS,weblink Queen Greatest Hits, Official Charts Company, 1 June 2019, The album is certified eight times platinum in the US, and has sold over 25 million copies worldwide.NEWS,weblink In Pictures: 50 years of pop, BBC, 28 September 2014, Taylor became the first member of the band to release his own solo album in 1981, titled Fun in Space.In 1982, the band released the album Hot Space, a departure from their trademark seventies sound, this time being a mixture of rock, pop rock, dance, funk, and R&B.WEB,weblink Queen – Hot Space, Stylusmagazine.com, Most of the album was recorded in Munich during the most turbulent period in the band's history, and Taylor and May lamented the new sound, with both being very critical of the influence Mercury's personal manager Paul Prenter had on the singer.O'Casey, Matt, dir. (2011) Queen – Days of Our Lives. Part 2. BBC. Queen Productions Ltd. Retrieved 31 May 2011 May was also scathing of Prenter, who was Mercury's manager from the early 1980s to 1984, for being dismissive of the importance of radio stations, such as the US networks, and their vital connection between the artist and the community, and for denying them access to Mercury.WEB,weblink Q Classic: Stone Cold Crazy: Brain May Interview, Brianmay.com, Q magazine would list Hot Space as one of the top fifteen albums where great rock acts lost the plot."15 Albums Where Great Rock Acts Lost the Plot". Q magazine. July 2004. Archived at rocklistmusic.co.uk On 14 and 15 September 1982, the band performed their last two gigs in the US with Mercury on lead vocals, playing at The Forum in Inglewood, California.NEWS,weblink The Royal Family Album: Queen Gets Definitive Photo Bio, Siran, Babayan, LA Weekly, 18 November 2009, 6 September 2016, The band stopped touring North America after their Hot Space Tour, as their success there had waned, although they would perform on American television for the only time during the eighth-season premiere of Saturday Night Live on 25 September of the same year;WEB,weblink Saturday Night Live Season 08 Episode 01 on September 25, 1982 with host Chevy Chase and musical guest Queen, NBC, 6 September 2016, it became the final public performance of the band in North America before the death of their frontman. Queen left Elektra Records, their label in the US, Canada, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand, and signed onto EMI/Capitol Records.After working steadily for over ten years, Queen decided that they would not perform any live shows in 1983.WEB,weblink Queen – Biography, Ultimatequeen.co.uk, During this time, they recorded a new album at the Record Plant Studios, Los Angeles and Musicland Studios, Munich, and several members of the band explored side projects and solo work. Taylor released his second solo album, Strange Frontier. May released the mini-album Star Fleet Project, collaborating with Eddie Van Halen.weblink {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121208093715weblink |date=8 December 2012 }}File:Queen 1984 012.jpg|thumb|Queen on stage in FrankfurtFrankfurtIn February 1984, Queen released their eleventh studio album, The Works, which included the successful singles "Radio Ga Ga", "Hammer to Fall" and "I Want to Break Free".WEB,weblink Queen Biography 1984, Queenzone.com, 11 August 2011, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120217041340weblink">weblink 17 February 2012, Barry Lazell (1989) Rock movers & shakers p.404. Billboard Publications, Inc., Despite these hit singles, the album failed to do well in the US, where the cross-dressing video for "I Want to Break Free" – a parody of the British soap opera Coronation Street – proved controversial and was banned by MTV,WEB,weblink 100 Best Singles of 1984: Pop’s Greatest Year, Rolling Stone, 17 September 2014, 6 January 2019, while in the UK it went triple platinum and remained in the albums chart for two years.Tobler, John Who's who in rock & roll p.1971. Crescent Books, 1991 The concept of the video came from Roger Taylor, who stated to Q magazine: "We had done some really serious, epic videos in the past, and we just thought we'd have some fun. We wanted people to know that we didn't take ourselves too seriously, that we could still laugh at ourselves. I think we proved that."NEWS, 10 things you may not know about Queen's biggest 80s hits,weblink Fraser, McAlpine, 29 November 2018, BBC, 6 January 2019, That year, Queen began The Works Tour, the first tour to feature keyboardist Spike Edney as an extra live musician. The tour featured nine sold-out dates in October in Bophuthatswana, South Africa, at the arena in Sun City.WEB, Mr.Scully,weblink Queen live on tour: The Works 1984, Queenconcerts.com, JOURNAL, Freddie Mercury Biography, Hot Shot Digital,weblink Upon returning to England, they were the subject of outrage, having played in South Africa during the height of apartheid and in violation of worldwide divestment efforts and a United Nations cultural boycott. The band responded to the critics by stating that they were playing music for fans in South Africa, and they also stressed that the concerts were played before integrated audiences.Phil Sutcliffe, Peter Hince, Reinhold Mack (2009) Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock Voyageur Press, 2009 Queen donated to a school for the deaf and blind as a philanthropic gesture but were fined by the British Musicians' Union and placed on the United Nations' blacklisted artists.NEWS,weblink The sins of St Freddie, The Guardian, 14 January 2005, 18 December 2013,

1985–1988: Live Aid and tours

In January 1985, Queen headlined two nights of the first Rock in Rio festival at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and played in front of over 300,000 people each night.BOOK,weblink Billboard 27 May 2006, Books.google.com, 28 September 2014, The Boston Globe described it as a "mesmerising performance". Highlights from both nights were released on VHS as Queen: Live in Rio, and was broadcast on MTV in the US.WEB,weblink Queen: Rock in Rio, Queenarchives.com, 28 September 2014, NEWS,weblink Queen: Live in Rio (1985), The New York Times, 16 January 2011, In April and May 1985, Queen completed the Works Tour with sold-out shows in Australia and Japan.Grein, Paul. Billboard 4 May 1985. p.42. Billboard (magazine). Retrieved 2 June 2011At Live Aid, held at Wembley on 13 July 1985, in front of the biggest-ever TV audience of 1.9 billion, Queen performed some of their greatest hits. The sold-out stadium audience of 72,000 people clapped, sang, and swayed in unison.Minchin, Ryan, dir. (2005) www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ob5NpdkH5Dw "The World's Greatest Gigs"]. Initial Film & Television. Retrieved 21 May 2011NEWS, http:edition.cnn.com/2005/SHOWBIZ/Music/07/01/liveaid.memories/index.html, Live Aid 1985: A day of magic, CNN, The show's organisers Bob Geldof and Midge Ure, other musicians such as Elton John, Cliff Richard and Dave Grohl, and journalists writing for the BBC, CNN, Rolling Stone, MTV, The Telegraph among others, described Queen as the highlight.NEWS,weblink Queen win greatest live gig poll, BBC, 28 September 2014, 9 November 2005, "Flashback: Queen Steal the Show at Live Aid". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 4 April 2013"Queen: their finest moment at Live Aid". The Telegraph. 24 September 2011"Live Aid 1985: A day of magic". CNN. Retrieved 17 July 2013"Live Aid Memories: 'It was life-changing: my life was not all about just me anymore' ". The Independent. Retrieved 13 September 2013"Queen most loved band". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 April 2009Miles, Barry (2008) "Massive Music Moments". p. 159. Anova Books. Retrieved 21 May 2011WEB,weblink BBC Radio 4: "The Mysterious Mr Mercury", BBC, 12 November 2011, BOOK, Jackson, Laura, Brian May: The Definitive Biography, Piatkus, 2008, 978-0749909765, An industry poll in 2005 ranked it the greatest rock performance of all time.NEWS,weblink The Life and Times of Metallica and Queen, The New York Times, 23 December 2013, Alan, Light, 3 June 2011, Mercury's powerful, sustained note during the a cappella section came to be known as "The Note Heard Round the World".WEB,weblink 30 fun facts for the 30th birthday of Live Aid, McKee, Briony, 13 July 2015, Digital Spy, Hearst Corporation, 15 February 2016, WEB,weblink 33 years later, Queen's Live Aid performance is still pure magic, Thomas, Holly, 6 November 2018, CNN, 18 November 2018, The band were revitalised by the response to Live Aid – a "shot in the arm" Roger Taylor called it – and the ensuing increase in record sales.Mojo, August 1999, issue number 69. "Their Britannic Majesties Request" by David Thomas, page 87.Queen ended 1985 by releasing the single "One Vision"WEB, queen, official, Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon,weblink A Kind of Magic: Album Details, Queenonline.com, and a limited-edition boxed set of Queen albums, The Complete Works. The package included the 1984 Christmas single "Thank God It's Christmas" and previously unreleased material.International who's who in popular music p.129. Routledge, 2002 In early 1986, Queen recorded the album A Kind of Magic, containing several reworkings of songs written for the fantasy action film Highlander.WEB,weblink "Highlander: Immortal Edition DVD competition". Liverpool Echo, Icliverpool.icnetwork.co.uk, The album was successful in the UK and many other countries, producing a string of hits including "A Kind of Magic", "One Vision", "Friends Will Be Friends", "Princes of the Universe" and "Who Wants to Live Forever". In the US the album only peaked at number 46, and it was described by biographer Mark Blake as "a so-so album" and "a somewhat uneven listening experience".BOOK, Blake, Mark, Is This the Real Life?: The Untold Story of Queen, 2011, Aurum Press, 978-1845137137,weblink 5 January 2019,weblink 31 December 2018, dead, File:Mountain-studios.jpg|thumb|Queen recorded six studio albums at Mountain Studios in Montreux, Switzerland from 1978 to 1995. In December 2013, the studio was opened to fans. (Queen: The Studio Experience) is free, with fans asked for a donation to the Mercury Phoenix TrustMercury Phoenix TrustIn mid-1986, Queen went on the Magic Tour, their final tour with Freddie Mercury.WEB, Mr.Scully,weblink Queen live on tour: Magic tour, Queenconcerts.com, WEB,weblink We Will Rock You (Again)!, Queenarchives.com, 28 September 2014, They once again hired Spike Edney.WEB,weblink Spike Edney – Biography, Ultimatequeen.co.uk, 11 December 1951, 2 June 2010, WEB,weblink The Mods – A Tribute to an Era 1964–1970 – Spike Edney, Keyboards/Guitar – Special Guest, Themodsband.com, 11 April 2007, 2 June 2010, The Magic Tour's highlight was at Wembley Stadium in London and resulted in the live double album Queen at Wembley, released on CD and as a live concert VHS/DVD, which has gone five times platinum in the US and four times platinum in the UK.WEB,weblink Queen Wins 3 DVD Platinum Awards, Queenzone.com, 13 June 2005, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110930145956weblink">weblink 30 September 2011, Queen could not book Wembley for a third night, but played at Knebworth Park. The show sold out within two hours and over 120,000 fans packed the park for what was Queen's final performance with Mercury.NEWS, 30 years since Queen's majestic farewell tour,weblink The Sunday Post, 21 March 2018, JOURNAL, Queen: Live at Wembley Stadium, WLIW,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20060428052918weblink">weblink 28 April 2006, dead, Queen began the tour at the Råsunda Stadium in Stockholm, Sweden, and during the tour the band performed a concert at Slane Castle, Ireland, in front of an audience of 95,000, which broke the venue's attendance record.Musician, Issues 93–98. p.44. Amordian Press, 1986. Retrieved 5 June 2011 The band also played behind the Iron Curtain when they performed to a crowd of 80,000 at the Népstadion in Budapest, in what was one of the biggest rock concerts ever held in Eastern Europe.BOOK,weblink Billboard, Books.google.com, 16 August 1986, More than one million people saw Queen on the tour—400,000 in the UK alone, a record at the time.After working on various solo projects during 1988 (including Mercury's collaboration with Montserrat Caballé, Barcelona), the band released The Miracle in 1989. The album continued the direction of A Kind of Magic, using a pop-rock sound mixed with a few heavy numbers. It spawned the European hits "I Want It All", "Breakthru", "The Invisible Man", "Scandal", and "The Miracle".WEB,weblink Queen; The Miracle, AllMusic, 28 September 2014, The Miracle also began a change in direction of Queen's songwriting philosophy. Beforehand, nearly all songs had been written by and credited to a single member. With The Miracle, their songwriting became more collaborative, and they vowed to credit the final product only to Queen as a group.JOURNAL, Purvis, Georg, 2007, Queen Complete Works, Richmond: Reynolds & Hearn, p. 67

1988–1992: Mercury's final years

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}}After fans noticed Mercury's increasingly gaunt appearance in 1988, the media reported that Mercury was seriously ill, with AIDS frequently mentioned as a likely illness. Mercury denied this, insisting he was merely "exhausted" and too busy to provide interviews; he was now 42 years old and had been involved in music for nearly two decades.VH1 Legends: Queen-Viacom International, VH1, 1997. Mercury had in fact been diagnosed as HIV positive in 1987, but did not make his illness public, with only his inner circle of colleagues and friends aware of his condition.The band continued recording albums, starting with The Miracle (1989) and continuing with Innuendo (1991). In 1990, Queen ended their contract with Capitol and signed with Hollywood Records; through the deal, Disney acquired the North American distribution rights to Queen's catalogue for $10 million, and remains the group's music catalogue owner and distributor in the United States and Canada.NEWS, Queen Signs With Disney, Raising Hope For Cd Releases,weblink 17 July 2014, Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Daily News, 13 September 1990, NEWS, Wilker, Deborah, Queen Must Decide On Replacing Freddie Mercury,weblink 17 July 2014, Sun-Sentinel, 7 May 1992, In February that year, Mercury made his final public appearance when he joined the rest of Queen to collect the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to British Music. Throughout 1990, media reports persisted that Mercury was seriously ill, but he continued to deny them.NEWS,weblink The Highs and Lows of the Brit Awards, BBC, 28 September 2014, 2 December 1999, WEB,weblink Queen, Freddie Mercury, Roger Taylor, Brian May, BRITS 1990, Brit Awards, 28 September 2014, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140408131628weblink">weblink 8 April 2014, Innuendo was released in early 1991 with an eponymous number 1 UK hit and other charting singles released later in the year, which included "The Show Must Go On". This song, released as a forerunner to Greatest Hits II, featured archive footage of Queen's performances between 1981 and 1989, and along with the manner of its lyrics, fuelled reports that Mercury was dying.WEB,weblink Queen Online " History " Discography, Queenonline.com, 7 November 2010, Donald A. Guarisco. "Queen – The Show Must Go On" {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110904084457weblink |date=4 September 2011 }}. AllMusic. Retrieved 23 May 2011 Mercury was increasingly ill and could barely walk when the band recorded "The Show Must Go On" in 1990. Because of this, May had concerns about whether he was physically capable of singing it, but May recalled that he "completely killed it". The rest of the band were ready to record when Mercury felt able to come into the studio, for an hour or two at a time. May says of Mercury: "He just kept saying. 'Write me more. Write me stuff. I want to just sing this and do it and when I am gone you can finish it off.' He had no fear, really." The band's second greatest hits compilation, Greatest Hits II, followed in October 1991; it is the tenth-bestselling album in the UK and has sold 16 million copies worldwide.WEB,weblink BPI – UK Best Selling Albums of All Time (14 June 2009), PDF, WEB,weblink Queen Greatest Hits I and II Review, BBC, WEB,weblink Queen; Greatest Hits, Vol. 2, AllMusic, 28 September 2014, File:Wembley Stadium Twin Towers.jpg|thumb|left|Following Mercury's death on 24 November 1991, his tribute concert was held at the original Wembley Stadium (exterior pictured) in London on 20 April 1992, the same venue where Queen performed at Live Aid in July 1985]]On 23 November 1991, in a prepared statement made on his deathbed, Mercury confirmed that he had AIDS.BOOK, Bret, David, 1996, Living on the Edge: The Freddie Mercury Story, London, Robson Books, 1-86105-256-1, 179, Within 24 hours of the statement, he died of bronchial pneumonia, which was brought on as a complication of AIDS.NEWS,weblink 1991: Giant of rock dies, BBC, 28 September 2014, 24 November 1991, His funeral service on 27 November in Kensal Green, West London was private, and held in accordance with the Zoroastrian religious faith of his family.WEB, Freddie, I'll Love You Always,weblink The Mirror, 28 November 1991, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20141012022809weblink">weblink 12 October 2014, WEB,weblink Elton's Sad Farewell, Mr-mercury.co.uk, 28 September 2014, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20141012022621weblink">weblink 12 October 2014, "Bohemian Rhapsody" was re-released as a single shortly after Mercury's death, with "These Are the Days of Our Lives" as the double A-side. The music video for "These Are the Days of Our Lives" contains Mercury's final scenes in front of the camera. This track had featured at the beginning of the year on the Innuendo album, and the video for it was recorded in May 1991 (which proved to be Mercury's final work with Queen).NEWS, Sherwin, Adam,weblink Final Freddie Mercury performance discovered, The Independent, 30 May 2011, London, The single went to number one in the UK, remaining there for five weeks – the only recording to top the Christmas chart twice and the only one to be number one in four different years (1975, 1976, 1991, and 1992).NEWS,weblink Queen hit named Britain's best, Daily Mail, London, 20 April 2014, Initial proceeds from the single – approximately £1,000,000 – were donated to the Terrence Higgins Trust, an AIDS charity.JOURNAL, History of HIV & AIDS in the UK (1981–1995), Avert,weblink Queen's popularity was stimulated in North America when "Bohemian Rhapsody" was featured in the 1992 comedy film Wayne's World. Its inclusion helped the song reach number two on the Billboard Hot 100 for five weeks in 1992 (including its 1976 chart run, it remained in the Hot 100 for a combined 41 weeks), and won the band an MTV Award at the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards.WEB,weblink 1992 MTV Video Music Awards, Rockonthenet.com, 28 September 2014, The compilation album Classic Queen also reached number four on the Billboard 200, and is certified three times platinum in the US. Wayne's World footage was used to make a new music video for "Bohemian Rhapsody", with which the band and management were delighted.Made in Heaven video documentary "Champions of the World".On 20 April 1992, The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert was held at London's Wembley Stadium to a 72,000-strong crowd.BOOK, Jackson, Laura, 2002, 3, Queen: The Definitive Biography, London, Piatkus, 978-0-7499-2317-4, Performers, including Def Leppard, Robert Plant, Tony Iommi, Roger Daltrey, Guns N' Roses, Elton John, David Bowie, George Michael, Annie Lennox, Seal, Extreme, and Metallica performed various Queen songs along with the three remaining Queen members (and Spike Edney.) The concert is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as "The largest rock star benefit concert",JOURNAL, Folkard, Claire, Vidal, Oriol, 2004, Guinness World Records 2005, as it was televised to over 1.2 billion viewers worldwide, and raised over £20,000,000 for AIDS charities.

1995–2003: Made in Heaven to 46664 Concert

File:2010 1129 Montreux 029t.jpg|thumb|upright|Statue of Mercury overlooking Lake Geneva in MontreuxMontreuxQueen's last album with Mercury, titled Made in Heaven, was released in 1995, four years after his death.WEB, queen, official, Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon,weblink Made in Heaven, Queenonline.com, Featuring tracks such as "Too Much Love Will Kill You" and "Heaven for Everyone", it was constructed from Mercury's final recordings in 1991, material left over from their previous studio albums and re-worked material from May, Taylor, and Mercury's solo albums. The album also featured the song "Mother Love", the last vocal recording Mercury made, which he completed using a drum machine, over which May, Taylor and Deacon later added the instrumental track.BOOK, Lemieux, Patrick, The Queen Chronology: The Recording & Release History of the Band, 2013, Lulu, 86, After completing the penultimate verse, Mercury had told the band he "wasn't feeling that great" and stated, "I will finish it when I come back, next time". Mercury never returned to the studio afterwards, leaving May to record the final verse of the song.NEWS, Inside the studio where Freddie Mercury sang his last song,weblink The Telegraph, 25 October 2015, Both stages of recording, before and after Mercury's death, were completed at the band's studio in Montreux, Switzerland.NEWS,weblink Mercury, heavy metal and a jazz explosion, The Sydney Morning Herald, The album reached number one in the UK following its release, their ninth number one album, and sold 20 million copies worldwide.NEWS, Michaels, Sean, 20 March 2008
,weblink
, We will rock you – again, The Guardian, 16 January 2011, London, BOOK, Jackson, Laura, 2002, 2, Queen: The Definitive Biography, London, Piatkus, 978-0-7499-2317-4, On 25 November 1996, a statue of Mercury was unveiled in Montreux overlooking Lake Geneva, almost five years to the day since his death.Montreuxmusic – Freddie Mercury statue. EMI international. {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120326014321weblink |date=26 March 2012 }}
In 1997, Queen returned to the studio to record "No-One but You (Only the Good Die Young)", a song dedicated to Mercury and all those who die too soon.WEB,weblink Queen Press Release – No One But You, Queenarchives.com, 28 September 2014, It was released as a bonus track on the Queen Rocks compilation album later that year.WEB, Queen: No-one But You/Tie Your Mother Down, Official Charts Company,weblink In January 1997, Queen performed "The Show Must Go On" live with Elton John and the Béjart Ballet in Paris on a night Mercury was remembered, and it marked the last performance and public appearance of John Deacon, who chose to retire.weblink {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131105011638weblink |date=5 November 2013 }} The Paris concert was only the second time Queen had played live since Mercury's death, prompting Elton John to urge them to perform again.WEB,weblink Crowning Glory, Queenzone.com, 11 August 2011, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101207100717weblink">weblink 7 December 2010, Brian May and Roger Taylor performed together at several award ceremonies and charity concerts, sharing vocals with various guest singers. During this time, they were billed as Queen + followed by the guest singer's name. In 1998, the duo appeared at Luciano Pavarotti's benefit concert with May performing "Too Much Love Will Kill You" with Pavarotti, later playing "Radio Ga Ga", "We Will Rock You", and "We Are the Champions" with Zucchero. They again attended and performed at Pavarotti's benefit concert in Modena, Italy in May 2003.WEB, Mr.Scully,weblink Brian May + Roger Taylor live in Parco Novi Sad, Modena, Italy (Pavarotti & Friends), Queenconcerts.com, Several of the guest singers recorded new versions of Queen's hits under the Queen + name, such as Robbie Williams providing vocals for "We Are the Champions" for the soundtrack of A Knight's Tale (2001).WEB, Soundtrack for "A Knight's Tale",weblink Internet Movie Database, File:Queen-star-hollywood.jpg|thumb|Queen's star on the Hollywood Walk of FameHollywood Walk of FameIn 1999, a Greatest Hits III album was released. This featured, among others, "Queen + Wyclef Jean" on a rap version of "Another One Bites the Dust". A live version of "Somebody to Love" by George Michael and a live version of "The Show Must Go On" with Elton John were also featured in the album.WEB,weblink Music – John Deacon, BBC, 2 June 2010, By this point, Queen's vast amount of record sales made them the second-bestselling artist in the UK of all time, behind the Beatles. On 18 October 2002, Queen were awarded the 2,207th star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, for their work in the music industry, which is located at 6358 Hollywood Blvd.NEWS,weblink Queen honoured with Hollywood star, BBC News, 18 October 2002, On 29 November 2003, May and Taylor performed at the 46664 Concert hosted by Nelson Mandela at Green Point Stadium, Cape Town, to raise awareness of the spread of HIV/AIDS in South Africa. A new song, "Invincible Hope", featuring Mandela's speech and credited to Queen + Nelson Mandela, was performed during the concert and later released on the 46664: One Year On EP.NEWS, iTunes of Hope,weblink 2 June 2019, NME, During that period May and Taylor spent time at Mandela's home, discussing how Africa's problems might be approached, and two years later the band were made ambassadors for the 46664 cause.WEB,weblink Brian May – Ambassadors – 46664, 46664.com, 30 November 2003, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20111004120505weblink">weblink 4 October 2011,

2004–2009: Queen + Paul Rodgers

File:2005 Queen + Paul Rodgers.jpg|thumb|left|Queen performing with Paul Rodgers during their 2005 (Queen + Paul Rodgers Tour|tour]]|alt=l-r:Paul Rodgers, Roger Taylor, and Brian May live in 2005 for the Queen + Paul Rodgers tour)At the end of 2004, May and Taylor announced that they would reunite and return to touring in 2005 with Paul Rodgers (founder and former lead singer of Free and Bad Company). Brian May's website also stated that Rodgers would be "featured with" Queen as "Queen + Paul Rodgers", not replacing Mercury. Deacon, who was retired, did not participate.WEB, Queen News March 2006, brianmay.com,weblink In November 2004, Queen were among the inaugural inductees into the UK Music Hall of Fame, and the award ceremony was the first event at which Rodgers joined May and Taylor as vocalist.Between 2005 and 2006, Queen + Paul Rodgers embarked on a world tour, which was the first time Queen toured since their last tour with Freddie Mercury in 1986.NEWS, Owen Gibson,weblink Queen most loved band, The Guardian, 5 July 2005, London, Taylor said: "We never thought we would tour again, Paul came along by chance and we seemed to have a chemistry. Paul is just such a great singer. He's not trying to be Freddie." The first leg was in Europe, the second in Japan, and the third in the US in 2006.WEB,weblink Queen + Paul Rodgers Concertography, Ultimatequeen.co.uk, Queen received the inaugural VH1 Rock Honors at the Mandalay Bay Events Center in Las Vegas, Nevada, on 25 May 2006.WEB, Cohen, Jonathan, 6 April 2006,weblink VH1 Rock Honors To Salute Kiss, Queen, Billboard, 23 December 2017, Foo Fighters paid homage, performing "Tie Your Mother Down" to open the ceremony before being joined on stage by May, Taylor, and Rodgers, who played a selection of Queen hits.WEB,weblink Queen & Foo Fighters "We Will Rock You/We Are The Champions" Live at Rock Honors 2006, VH1, 3 December 2010, File:KharkovQueenNightConcert01.JPG|thumb|Queen + Paul Rodgers concert in Kharkiv's Freedom Square, Ukraine, 12 September 2008]]On 15 August 2006, May confirmed through his website and fan club that Queen + Paul Rodgers would begin producing their first studio album beginning in October, to be recorded at a "secret location".WEB, May, Brian, 15 August 2006, USA Convention Story and Queen and Paul Rodgers Heading Towards a Studio Assignation,weblinkweblink" title="archive.today/20120524213012weblink">weblink dead, 24 May 2012, Queen + Paul Rodgers performed at the Nelson Mandela 90th Birthday Tribute held in Hyde Park, London on 27 June 2008, to commemorate Mandela's ninetieth birthday, and again promote awareness of the HIV/AIDS pandemic.NEWS,weblink Mandela concert line-up unveiled, BBC News, 6 May 2008, The first Queen + Paul Rodgers album, titled The Cosmos Rocks, was released in Europe on 12 September 2008 and in the United States on 28 October 2008. Following the release of the album, the band again went on a tour through Europe, opening on Kharkiv's Freedom Square in front of 350,000 Ukrainian fans.WEB,weblink Queen & Paul Rodgers – Live In Ukraine DVDs!, Daily Record, Scotland, 28 September 2014, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120305075556weblink">weblink 5 March 2012, The Kharkiv concert was later released on DVD. The tour then moved to Russia, and the band performed two sold-out shows at the Moscow Arena.WEB, Mr.Scully,weblink Queen live on tour: Queen + Paul Rodgers 2008, Queenconcerts.com, Having completed the first leg of its extensive European tour, which saw the band play 15 sold-out dates across nine countries, the UK leg of the tour sold out within 90 minutes of going on sale and included three London dates, the first of which was the O2 Arena on 13 October.WEB,weblink QUEEN + PAUL RODGERS: UK Tour Press Release, Queenworld.com, 8 October 2008, The last leg of the tour took place in South America, and included a sold-out concert at the Estadio José Amalfitani, Buenos Aires.Queen and Paul Rodgers officially split up without animosity on 12 May 2009. Rodgers stated: "My arrangement with [Queen] was similar to my arrangement with Jimmy [Page] in The Firm in that it was never meant to be a permanent arrangement".WEB,weblink Queen end collaboration with Paul Rodgers, NME, 14 May 2009, Rodgers did not rule out the possibility of working with Queen again.WEB,weblink Paul Rodgers, Queen Split: "It Was Never a Permanent Arrangement", 14 May 2009, 13 May 2009, idiomag, WEB,weblink Queen and Paul Rodgers split, 14 May 2009, 14 May 2009, idiomag,

2009–2011: Departure from EMI, 40th anniversary

On 20 May 2009, May and Taylor performed "We Are the Champions" live on the season finale of American Idol with winner Kris Allen and runner-up Adam Lambert providing a vocal duet.WEB, Kaufman, Gil,weblink Kris Allen, Adam Lambert Tear Up Queen's 'We Are The Champions' – News Story | MTV News, MTV, 20 May 2009, 2 June 2010, In mid-2009, after the split of Queen + Paul Rodgers, the Queen online website announced a new greatest hits compilation named Absolute Greatest. The album was released on 16 November and peaked at number 3 in the official UK Chart.WEB,weblink Chart Archive: Top 40 Official UK Albums Archive – 28th November 2009, The Official Charts Company, 4 August 2011, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20121001024305weblink">weblink 1 October 2012, The album contains 20 of Queen's biggest hits spanning their entire career and was released in four different formats: single disc, double disc (with commentary), double disc with feature book, and a vinyl record. Before its release, Queen ran an online competition to guess the track listing as a promotion for the album.Absolute Greatest Tracklist Revealed! {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120402201532weblink |date=2 April 2012 }} On 30 October 2009, May wrote a fanclub letter on his website stating that Queen had no intentions to tour in 2010 but that there was a possibility of a performance.WEB,weblink WHAT'S NEW, Brian May, On 15 November 2009, May and Taylor performed "Bohemian Rhapsody" live on the British TV show The X Factor alongside the finalists.NEWS,weblink X Factor twins John and Edward in final six, The Belfast Telegraph, 16 November 2009, 16 November 2009, On 7 May 2010, May and Taylor announced that they were quitting their record label, EMI, after almost 40 years.NEWS,weblink Can EMI pick up the pieces?, 2 June 2010, Paphides, Pete, The Times, London, 27 June 2010, On 20 August 2010, Queen's manager Jim Beach put out a Newsletter stating that the band had signed a new contract with Universal Music.WEB,weblink Queen News August 2010, Brianmay.com, 7 November 2010, During an interview for HARDtalk on the BBC on 22 September, May confirmed that the band's new deal was with Island Records, a subsidiary of Universal Music Group.WEB,weblink Hardtalk Interview Part 1, YouTube, 20 December 2010, WEB,weblink Hardtalk Interview Part 2, YouTube, 20 December 2010, Hollywood Records remained as the group's label in the United States and Canada, however. As such, for the first time since the late 1980s, Queen's catalogue now has the same distributor worldwide, as Universal distributes for both the Island and Hollywood labels (for a time in the late 1980s, Queen was on EMI-owned Capitol Records in the US).NEWS, Collett-White, Mike, Queen Signs To Universal, Preps Remastered Albums,weblink 17 July 2014, Billboard, 8 November 2010, On 14 March 2011, which marked the band's 40th anniversary, Queen's first five albums were re-released in the UK and some other territories as remastered deluxe editions (the US versions were released on 17 May).WEB,weblink First Five Albums Re–Released Today!, 25 May 2011, 14 March 2011, Queen, The second five albums of Queen's back catalogue were released worldwide on 27 June, with the exception of the US and Canada (27 September).WEB,weblink Press Release: Second Five Albums Re-Issued on 27th June, 25 May 2011, 5 April 2011, Queen, WEB, queen, official, Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon,weblink Second Set of Re-issues: Out This Week!, Queenonline.com, The final five were released in the UK on 5 September.WEB, Press Release: Final Five Albums Re-Issued On 5th September,weblink Queen, 22 July 2011, In May 2011, Jane's Addiction vocalist Perry Farrell noted that Queen are currently scouting their once former and current live bassist Chris Chaney to join the band. Farrell stated: "I have to keep Chris away from Queen, who want him and they're not gonna get him unless we're not doing anything. Then they can have him."WEB,weblink Perry Farrell Battles Queen for a Bassist, Plots Dream Lineup for Lollapalooza 2012, Spinner, In the same month, Paul Rodgers stated he may tour with Queen again in the near future.WEB,weblink Paul Rodgers to tour with Queen again?, Queenzone.com, 31 May 2011, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110604215559weblink">weblink 4 June 2011, At the 2011 Broadcast Music, Incorporated (BMI) Awards held in London on 4 October, Queen received the BMI Icon Award in recognition for their airplay success in the US.WEB,weblink Queen take the Icon prize at BMI Awards, NME, 5 October 2011, WEB,weblink Queen, the Script, Andrew Frampton, Fraser T. Smith & more honored at 2011 BMI London Awards, Bmi.com, 4 October 2011, At the 2011 MTV Europe Music Awards on 6 November, Queen received the Global Icon Award, which Katy Perry presented to Brian May. Queen closed the awards ceremony, with Adam Lambert on vocals, performing "The Show Must Go On", "We Will Rock You" and "We Are the Champions".WEB, Source: Penny Newton,weblink Katy and Adam Honour Queen, MTV, 6 November 2011, The collaboration garnered a positive response from both fans and critics, resulting in speculation about future projects together.

2011–present: Queen + Adam Lambert, Queen Forever

File:Adam Lambert and Queen.jpg|thumb|Queen + Adam Lambert concert at the TD GardenTD GardenOn 25 and 26 April, May and Taylor appeared on the eleventh series of American Idol at the Nokia Theatre, Los Angeles, performing a Queen medley with the six finalists on the first show, and the following day performed "Somebody to Love" with the 'Queen Extravaganza' band.WEB,weblink The Queen Extravaganza: 'Somebody to Love' on American Idol, Rolling Stone, 27 April 2012, Queen were scheduled to headline Sonisphere at Knebworth on 7 July 2012 with Adam LambertWEB,weblink Queen + Adam Lambert = Saturday night partytime, Sonisphere.co.uk, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120221200049weblink">weblink 21 February 2012, before the festival was cancelled.WEB,weblink Sonisphere festival cancelled, 29 March 2012, sonisphere, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120331010710weblink">weblink 31 March 2012, Queen's final concert with Freddie Mercury was in Knebworth in 1986. Brian May commented, "It's a worthy challenge for us, and I'm sure Adam would meet with Freddie's approval."WEB,weblink Adam Lambert to perform with Queen at Sonisphere, BBC, 20 February 2012, Queen expressed disappointment at the cancellation and released a statement to the effect that they were looking to find another venue.WEB, queen, official, Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon,weblink Sonisphere – Statement from Queen, Queenonline.com, Queen + Adam Lambert played two shows at the Hammersmith Apollo, London on 11 and 12 July 2012.NEWS,weblink Press Release: Queen To Play Hammersmith, 12 April 2012, 12 April 2012, WEB,weblink Queen + Adam Lambert Playing Four Shows This Summer, Billboard, Both shows sold out within 24 hours of tickets going on open sale.NEWS,weblink Queen + Adam Lambert Hammersmith Shows – SOLD OUT, 19 April 2012, 19 April 2012, A third London date was scheduled for 14 July.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="archive.today/20120708160118weblink">weblink dead, After 'Instant' Sell-out, Queen and Adam Lambert Add Third London Dat ..., 8 July 2012, 8 July 2012, On 30 June, Queen + Lambert performed in Kiev, Ukraine at a joint concert with Elton John for the Elena Pinchuk ANTIAIDS Foundation.WEB,weblink Queen Rock Kiev With Adam Lambert, Ultimateclassicrock.com, 1 July 2012, Queen also performed with Lambert on 3 July 2012 at Moscow's Olympic Stadium,NEWS,weblink Press Release: Queen + Adam Lambert Will Rock Moscow, 28 February 2012, 3 March 2012, NEWS,weblink Adam Lambert has second show with Queen, USA Today, 28 February 2012, and on 7 July 2012 at the Municipal Stadium in Wroclaw, Poland.NEWS,weblink Press Release: Queen + Adam Lambert Announce Poland Show, 27 April 2012, 30 April 2012, File:Queen And Adam Lambert - The O2 - Tuesday 12th December 2017 QueenO2121217-45 (39066611155).jpg|thumb|left|Queen performing with Adam Lambert during their 2017 tour ]]On 12 August 2012, Queen performed at the closing ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics in London.WEB,weblink Olympics Closing Ceremony: Jessie J Joins Queen For 'We Will Rock You' Performance, Capital Radio, 12 August 2012, The performance at London's Olympic Stadium opened with a special remastered video clip of Mercury on stage performing his call and response routine during their 1986 concert at Wembley Stadium. Following this, May performed part of the "Brighton Rock" solo before being joined by Taylor and solo artist Jessie J for a performance of "We Will Rock You".NEWS, Rees, Jasper,weblink Olympics closing ceremony: A long goodbye to the Games, BBC, 13 August 2012, NEWS,weblink Record TV audience for Olympics Closing ceremony, The Daily Telegraph, 13 August 2012, 22 September 2013, Rosa, Silverman, London, On 20 September 2013, Queen + Adam Lambert performed at the iHeartRadio Music Festival at the MGM Grand Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas.NEWS,weblink Lineup announced for the 2013 iHeartRadio festival, 15 July 2013, CBS News, 28 September 2014, Queen + Adam Lambert toured North America in Summer 2014WEB,weblink Queen and Adam Lambert reunite for Summer Tour, Rolling Stone, 28 September 2014, WEB,weblink Queen + Adam Lambert Announce Summer Tour, 6 March 2014, Billboard, 28 September 2014, and Australia and New Zealand in August/September 2014.NEWS,weblink Queen Australian tour announced with best Freddie Mercury replacement, The Sydney Morning Herald, 28 September 2014, In an interview with Rolling Stone, May and Taylor said that although the tour with Lambert is a limited thing, they are open to him becoming an official member, and cutting new material with him.WEB,weblink Q&A: Queen, Adam Lambert Talk New Tour, Pressure and John Deacon, Rolling Stone, 28 September 2014, In November 2014 Queen released a new album Queen Forever.WEB,weblink Brian May – BBC Wales Interview, YouTube, 28 September 2014, The album is largely a compilation of previously-released material but features three new Queen tracks featuring vocals from Mercury with backing added by the surviving members of Queen. One new track, "There Must Be More To Life Than This", is a duet between Mercury and Michael Jackson.NEWS, Queen Forever,weblink Allmusic, 9 May 2016, Queen + Adam Lambert performed in the shadow of Big Ben in Central Hall, Westminster, central London at the Big Ben New Year concert on New Year's Eve 2014 and New Year's Day 2015.WEB,weblink Queen and Adam Lambert to perform New Year's Eve concert broadcast on BBC One, BBC.co.uk, en-GB, 9 January 2019, In 2016, the group embarked across Europe and Asia on the Queen + Adam Lambert 2016 Summer Festival Tour. This included closing the Isle of Wight Festival in England on 12 June where they performed "Who Wants to Live Forever" as a tribute to the victims of the mass shooting at a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida earlier that day.NEWS, Isle of Wight Festival: Queen pay tribute to Orlando shooting victims,weblink BBC, 14 June 2016, On 12 September they performed at the Park Hayarkon in Tel-Aviv, Israel for the first time in front of 58,000 people.MAGAZINE, After Four Decades, Queen Rock Israel with Help From Adam Lambert,weblink Billboard, 16 September 2016, As part of the Queen + Adam Lambert Tour 2017–2018, the band toured North America in the summer of 2017, toured Europe in late 2017, before playing dates in Australia and New Zealand in February and March 2018.MAGAZINE,weblink Queen + Adam Lambert Plot U.S. Summer Tour, 26 January 2017, Rolling Stone, 3 February 2017, On 24 February 2019, Queen + Adam Lambert opened the 91st Academy Awards ceremony held at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles.NEWS, Watch Queen and Adam Lambert’s Oscars 2019 opening performance,weblink 28 February 2019, Oscars, In July 2019 they embarked on the North American leg of The Rhapsody Tour, with the dates sold out in April.NEWS, Watch "The Queen + Adam Lambert Story" Monday, April 29,weblink 21 April 2019, ABC, They will tour Japan and South Korea in January 2020 followed by Australia and New Zealand the following month.NEWS, British rock band Queen to bring 2020 Rhapsody Tour to Japan,weblink 21 April 2019, The Japan Times, NEWS, British rock band Queen to come to South Korea,weblink 3 June 2019, The Korea Herald, NEWS, Queen + Adam Lambert set to tour Australia after Bohemian Rhapsody success,weblink 21 April 2019, Sydney Morning Herald,

Music style and influences

File:Queen And Adam Lambert - The O2 - Tuesday 12th December 2017 QueenO2121217-28 (39066620425).jpg|thumb|left|Brian May playing his custom-made Red Special at the O2 Arena in London in 2017. He has used this guitar almost exclusively since the band's advent in the early 1970s.]]Queen drew artistic influence from British rock acts of the 1960s and early 1970s, such as the Beatles, the Kinks, Cream, Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd, the Who, Black Sabbath, Slade, Deep Purple, David Bowie, Genesis and Yes,Queen's influences;
  • NEWS,weblink Rock Chronicles. 1980s: Queen, ultimate-guitar.com, 3 July 2011, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20141017060143weblink">weblink 17 October 2014,
  • WEB,weblink VIDEO: Queen's Brian May picks his favourite riffs, MusicRadar, Chris, Vinnicombe, 24 November 2009, 27 December 2015,
  • WEB,weblink Steve Hackett talks Wolflight, phrasing and the nylon knack, MusicRadar, Matt, Frost, 29 April 2015, 9 October 2015,
  • WEB,weblink Steve Hackett, Inside Out Music, 2015, 23 August 2015,
  • WEB,weblink Interview with Steve Hackett, dmme.net, January 2001, 23 August 2015,
  • WEB,weblink A Day At The Races, Rolling Stone, Dave, Marsh, 24 February 1977, 9 October 2015, in addition to American guitarist Jimi Hendrix,NEWS,weblink Tony Iommi, Neal Schon, Brian May Talk Jimi Hendrix On Planet Rock Special, Blabbermouth.net, 3 March 2010, 9 October 2015, with Mercury also inspired by the gospel singer Aretha Franklin.Georg Purvis (2007). "Queen: Complete Works". p. 251. Reynolds & Hearn On the Beatles, Brian May stated they "built our bible as far as musical composition, arrangement and production went. The White Album is a complete catalogue of how you should use a studio to build songs."NEWS, Brian May Says Queen Were ‘Always on the Verge of Splitting Up’,weblink Martin, Kielty, 12 June 2019, 7 September 2019, Ultimate Classic Rock,
At their outset in the early 1970s, Queen's music has been characterised as "Led Zeppelin meets Yes" due to its combination of "acoustic/electric guitar extremes and fantasy-inspired multi-part song epics".WEB,weblink In the Lap of the Gods: The First Five Queen Albums, PopMatters, Aj, Ramirez, 8 June 2011, 16 October 2015, In his book on Essential Hard Rock and Heavy Metal, Eddie Trunk described Queen as "a hard rock band at the core but one with a high level of majesty and theatricality that delivered a little something for everyone", as well as observing that the band "sounded British".BOOK, Trunk, Eddie, Eddie Trunk's Essential Hard Rock and Heavy Metal, 2011, Abrams, 978-0810998315,weblink's%20essential%20hard%20rock%20and%20heavy%20metal%20robert%20plant%20queen&f=false, 4 January 2019, Rob Halford of Judas Priest commented, "It's rare that you struggle to label a band. If you're a heavy metal band you're meant to look and sound like a heavy metal band but you can't really call Queen anything. They could be a pop band one day or the band that wrote 'Bicycle Race' the next and a full-blown metal band the next. In terms of the depth of the musical landscape that they covered, it was very similar to some extent to the Beatles."WEB,weblink The Essence And The Purity: Rob Halford Of Judas Priest's Favourite LPs, Alex, Macrow, The Quietus, 2 December 2015, 20 August 2019, Queen composed music that drew inspiration from many different genres of music, often with a tongue-in-cheek attitude.NEWS, Masters, Tim,weblink Queen star May hails Muse album, BBC News, 13 October 2009, The music styles and genres they have been associated with include progressive rock (also known as symphonic rock),WEB,weblink Queen: A Night At The Opera, Dutch Progressive Rock Page, Jan-Jaap, de Haan, 14 September 2015, WEB,weblink Queen, A Day at the Races, A Night at the Opera, jimdero.com, Jim, DeRogatis, Jim DeRogatis, 14 July 2002, 28 December 2015, art rock, glam rock, arena rock, heavy metal,WEB, Erlewine, Stephen Thomas, Queen, Allmusic, {{Allmusic, artist, p5205, yes, }} pop rock, psychedelic rock,NEWS, Scoppa, Bud, 6 December 1973, Sheer Heart Attack, Rolling Stone, 186,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070630010010weblink">weblink 30 June 2007, dead, baroque pop,WEB,weblink Queen's Tragic Rhapsody, Rolling Stone, Gilmore, Mikal, 7 July 2014, 6 January 2019, and rockabilly. Queen also wrote songs that were inspired by diverse musical styles which are not typically associated with rock groups, such as opera,WEB,weblink A Night at the Opera, AllMusic, Stephen Thomas, Erlewine, 28 December 2015, music hall, folk music,WEB,weblink A Day at the Races, AllMusic, Stephen Thomas, Erlewine, 28 December 2015, gospel,BOOK, Christopher Knowles, The Secret History of Rock 'n' Roll, 2010, 162, Viva Editions, 978-1573444057,weblink ragtime,BOOK, Blake, Mark, Is This the Real Life?: The Untold Story of Queen, 2011, Aurum Press Ltd, 978-1845137137,weblink 28 December 2015, and dance/disco.WEB, Prato, Greg, Hot Space, Allmusic, {{Allmusic, album, r687305, yes, }} Their 1980 single "Another One Bites the Dust" became a major hit single in the funk rock genre.BOOK, Nicholas, Schaffner, The British Invasion: From the First Wave to the New Wave, 1982, 254, New York, McGraw-Hill, Several Queen songs were written with audience participation in mind, such as "We Will Rock You" and "We Are the Champions".WEB, LG,weblink Queen – Royal Legend: Detailed information about albums: News Of The World, Queen.musichall.cz, 6 October 1977, 11 August 2011, Similarly, "Radio Ga Ga" became a live favourite because it would have "crowds clapping like they were at a Nuremberg rally".BOOK, Paul Simpson, The Rough Guide to Cult Pop, 2003, 153, Rough Guides Ltd, 978-1843532293,weblink {{Listen|filename = Wewillrockyou.ogg|title ="We Will Rock You"|description =A sample of "We Will Rock You". The stamping and clapping effects were created by the band overdubbing sounds of themselves stamping and clapping many times, and adding delay effects to create a sound that seemed many people were participating.}}In 1963, the teenage Brian May and his father custom-built his signature guitar Red Special, which was purposely designed to feedback.WEB,weblink Brian May Interview, The Music Biz (1992), Youtube.com, 16 July 2011, NEWS, David McNamee,weblink Hey, what's that sound: Homemade guitars, Guardian, 11 August 2010, London, May has used Vox AC30 amplifiers almost exclusively since a meeting with his long-time hero Rory Gallagher at a gig in London during the late 1960s/early 1970s.NEWS, Pro's Reply: Brian May, August 1975, Guitar Player, 154, (repr. January 2014) Sonic experimentation figured heavily in Queen's songs. A distinctive characteristic of Queen's music are the vocal harmonies which are usually composed of the voices of May, Mercury, and Taylor best heard on the studio albums A Night at the Opera and A Day at the Races. Some of the ground work for the development of this sound can be attributed to the producer Roy Thomas Baker and engineer Mike Stone.WEB,weblink Roy Thomas Baker, 12 July 2010, AllMusic.com, WEB, {{Allmusic, artist, p128992/credits, yes, |title=Mike "Clay" Stone, credits|accessdate=12 July 2010|publisher=AllMusic.com}} Besides vocal harmonies, Queen were also known for multi-tracking voices to imitate the sound of a large choir through overdubs. For instance, according to Brian May, there are over 180 vocal overdubs in "Bohemian Rhapsody".NEWS, Black, Johnny, February–March 2002, The Greatest Songs Ever! Bohemian Rhapsody, Blender,weblink dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070202165358weblink">weblink 2 February 2007, The band's vocal structures have been compared with the Beach Boys.WEB,weblink A Day At The Races, Rolling Stone, Dave, Marsh, 24 February 1977, 9 October 2015, WEB,weblink Queen – The First Five Albums, Uncut (magazine), Uncut, David, Cavanagh, 11 March 2011, 16 October 2015,

Music videos

File:FreddieMercurySinging1977.jpg|thumb|left|upright|Mercury performing in a Harlequin outfit. He appeared in a half black, half white version in the music video for “We Are the ChampionsWe Are the ChampionsDirected by Bruce Gowers, the groundbreaking “Bohemian Rhapsody” promotional video sees the band adopt a "decadent 'glam' sensibility". Replicating Mick Rock’s photograph of the band from the cover of Queen II – which itself was inspired by a photo of actress Marlene Dietrich from Shanghai Express (1932) – the video opens with "Queen standing in diamond formation, heads tilted back like Easter Island statues" in near darkness as they sing the a cappella part.Hamrogue, Sasha; Bottomley, C. "Mick Rock: Shooting Up {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070808005629weblink |date=8 August 2007 }}". VH1. 22 July 2004. Retrieved 9 March 2019.One of the industry's leading music video directors, David Mallet, directed a number of their subsequent videos. Some of their later videos use footage from classic films: "Calling All Girls" was a homage to George Lucas's THX 1138;WEB,weblink The Top 10 Best Queen Videos, Chris, Chantler, Louder, 5 July 2016, 28 August 2019, "Under Pressure" incorporates 1920s silent films, Sergei Eisenstein's Battleship Potemkin and F. W. Murnau's Nosferatu; the 1984 video for "Radio Ga Ga" includes footage from Fritz Lang's Metropolis (1927); and the 1995 video "Heaven for Everyone" shows footage from Georges Méliès' A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Impossible Voyage (1904).BOOK, Lemieux, Patrick, The Queen Chronology: The Recording & Release History of the Band, 2013, Lulu, 40, The first part of Mallet's music video for "I Want to Break Free" spoofed the popular long-running British soap opera Coronation Street.BOOK, Sutcliffe, Phil, Hince, Peter, Mack, Reinhold, Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock,weblink 15 November 2009, MBI Publishing Company, 978-0-7603-3719-6, 180, The music video for "Innuendo" combines stop motion animation with rotoscoping and band members appear as illustrations and images taken from earlier Queen music videos on a cinema screen in the same manner as in the British film Nineteen Eighty-Four.Queen – Champions of the World video (1995) Queen also appeared in more conventional music videos. “We Will Rock You” was filmed outdoors in Roger Taylor's back garden during a cold day in early January 1977. Filmed at the New London Theatre later that year, the music video for “We Are the Champions” features the band – with Mercury in a trademark Harlequin outfit – performing infront of an enthusiastic crowd who wave Queen scarves in a manner similar to English football fans.BOOK, McLeod, Ken, We are the Champions: The Politics of Sports and Popular Music: The Politics of Sports and Popular Music, 2013, Ashgate Publishing, 124,

Legacy

In 2002, Queen's "Bohemian Rhapsody" was voted "the UK's favourite hit of all time" in a poll conducted by the Guinness World Records British Hit Singles Book.NEWS,weblink BBC News, Queen rock on in poll, 8 May 2002, In 2004, the song was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.weblink {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20101224205742weblink |date=24 December 2010 }} Many scholars consider the "Bohemian Rhapsody" music video ground-breaking, crediting it with popularising the medium. Rock historian Paul Fowles stated that the song is "widely credited as the first global hit single for which an accompanying video was central to the marketing strategy".BOOK, Fowles, Paul, A Concise History of Rock Music, 2009, 243, Mel Bay Publications, Inc., 978-0786666430, It has been hailed as launching the MTV age.VIDEO, Directed by Carl Johnston, 4 December 2004, The Story of Bohemian Rhapsody,weblink Television production, BBC, In December 2018, "Bohemian Rhapsody" became the most-streamed song from the 20th century, and the most-streamed classic rock song of all time.WEB,weblink Queen's 'Bohemian Rhapsody' Is Officially The World's Most-Streamed Song, Thompson, Simon, Forbes, en, 2018-12-16, The number of downloads of the song and original video exceeded 1.6 billion across global on-demand streaming services.WEB,weblink Queen's Bohemian Rhapsody becomes most-streamed song from the 20th century {{!, Music {{!}} The Guardian|website=The Guardian|access-date=2018-12-16}} Acclaimed for their stadium rock, in 2005 an industry poll ranked Queen's performance at Live Aid in 1985 as the best live act in history.NEWS, BBC,weblink Queen win greatest live gig poll, 9 November 2005, In 2007, they were also voted the greatest British band in history by BBC Radio 2 listeners.NEWS,weblink BBC, Queen declared 'top British band', 2 January 2007,
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}}As of 2005, according to the Guinness Book of World Records, Queen albums have spent a total of 1,322 weeks (twenty-six years) on the UK Album Charts, more time than any other act.NEWS,weblink Queen top UK album charts league, News.bbc.co.uk, 28 September 2014, 4 July 2005, Also in 2005, with the release of their live album with Paul Rodgers, Queen moved into third place on the list of acts with the most aggregate time spent on the British record charts.NEWS, Noah, Sherna, 10 December 2005, Queen closer to King as UK chart-toppers, The Scotsman,weblink Edinburgh, In 2006, the Greatest Hits album was the all-time best-selling album in UK Chart history, with sales of 5,407,587 copies, over 604,295 more copies than its nearest competitor, the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. Their Greatest Hits II album is the tenth best seller, with sales of 3,746,404 copies.Brown, Mark (16 November 2006) Queen are the champions in all-time album sales chart The Guardian Retrieved 16 February 2011The band have released a total of eighteen number one albums, eighteen number one singles, and ten number one DVDs worldwide, making them one of the world's best-selling music artists. Queen have sold over 170 million records, with some estimates in excess of 300 million records worldwide,WEB,weblink Queen Getting 'Global Icon' Nod at MTV Europe Awards, 19 October 2011, Billboard, 28 September 2014, WEB,weblink Queen 'planning to abandon EMI', Daily Express, 6 June 2010, NEWS,weblink Paying homage to Queen Freddie, The Times, Joe Joseph, 13 October 2006, 20 November 2010, London, WEB,weblink BBC BREAKFAST NEWS VIDEO, BBC NEWS, 6 November 2009, 6 November 2009, including 34.5 million albums in the US as of 2004.JOURNAL, Top Selling Artists, RIAA,weblink Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001, the band is the only group in which every member has composed more than one chart-topping single, and all four members were inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2003.WEB, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: Queen,weblink 2007, 6 February 2010, WEB,weblink 2003 Award and Induction Ceremony: Queen, Songwritershalloffame.org, 28 September 2014,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101217214545weblink">weblink 17 December 2010, dead, dmy-all, In 2009, "We Will Rock You" and "We Are the Champions" were inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame,WEB,weblink Grammy Hall of Fame Award, The GRAMMYs, 28 September 2014, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110122042616weblink">weblink 22 January 2011, NEWS,weblink Queen enter Grammy Hall of Fame, News.bbc.co.uk, 28 September 2014, 1 December 2008, and the latter was voted the world's favourite song in a 2005 Sony Ericsson global music poll.Haines, Lester (29 September 2005) 'We Are The Champions' voted world's fave song (Sony Ericsson world music poll) Retrieved 16 February 2011 The band received Ivor Novello Awards for Outstanding Contribution to British Music, in 1987, and Outstanding Song Collection, in 2005, from the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers, and Authors."The 32nd Ivor Novello Awards" {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190201183455weblink |date=1 February 2019 }}. The Ivors. Retrieved 3 January 2018"The 50th Ivor Novello Awards" {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180612142213weblink |date=12 June 2018 }}. The Ivors. Retrieved 3 January 2018 In 2018 they were presented the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award."Queen, Tina Turner to Receive Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 8 March 2018Queen are one of the most bootlegged bands ever, according to Nick Weymouth, who manages the band's official website.JOURNAL, Music Week, 12 November 2005,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130515111147weblink">weblink dead, 15 May 2013, Queen embrace new technology: whether it's remixing for DVD or releasing live sets online, the band have stayed at the forefront of change, A 2001 survey discovered the existence of 12,225 websites dedicated to Queen bootlegs, the highest number for any band.NEWS, BBC News, 22 March 2001,weblink Classic bands top net bootleg chart, Bootleg recordings have contributed to the band's popularity in certain countries where Western music is censored, such as Iran.NEWS, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 26 August 2004,weblink People Watch, In a project called Queen: The Top 100 Bootlegs, many of these have been made officially available to download for a nominal fee from Queen's website, with profits going to the Mercury Phoenix Trust. Rolling Stone ranked Queen at number 52 on its list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time",Way, Gerard (29 April 2011). 100 Greatest Artists Of All Time: Queen Rolling Stone. Retrieved 23 May 2011 while ranking Mercury the 18th greatest singer,MAGAZINE,weblink 100 Greatest Singers of All Time: Freddie Mercury, Rollingstone.com, and May the twenty-sixth greatest guitarist.MAGAZINE,weblink 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time: Brian May, Rollingstone.com, Rolling Stone readers voted Mercury the second greatest frontman.WEB,weblink Readers Pick the Best Lead Singers of All Time, 2. Freddie Mercury, 12 April 2011, Rolling Stone, 16 December 2018,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110415091916weblink">weblink 15 April 2011, Queen were named 13th on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock list,WEB,weblink VH1: '100 Greatest Hard Rock Artists', www.rockonthenet.com, 2 June 2010, and in 2010 were ranked 17th on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of All Time list.WEB,weblink VH1 Listed 100 Greatest Artists Of All Time, Today24news.com, 28 September 2014, In 2012, Gigwise readers named Queen the best band of the past 60 years.NEWS,weblink Queen named best band of the past 60 years, Gigwise, 4 June 2012, Eddie Trunk argued that Queen's importance, in common with Thin Lizzy and Deep Purple, was "not as fully recognized" in the United States because elsewhere they "often played to much bigger crowds in stadium venues". Queen had stopped touring the US in 1982 as their success there had started to wane, but they remained a touring "juggernaut", filling stadiums and arenas internationally in the 1980s until their final tour (with Mercury) in 1986.

Influence

File:Thom Yorke Nimes 2012.jpg|thumb|right|At 10 years old, Thom Yorke of RadioheadRadioheadQueen have been credited with making a significant contribution to genres such as hard rock and heavy metal."Queen, first non-blues based heavy metal band". Rolling Stone, Dec 1973. The band have been cited as an influence by many other musicians. Moreover, like their music, the bands and artists that have claimed to be influenced by Queen or have expressed admiration for them are diverse, spanning different generations, countries, and genres, including heavy metal: Judas Priest,NEWS,weblink Rob Halford Tells Nikki Sixx That Adam Lambert Is Doing An 'Extraordinary' Job Fronting Queen, Blabbermouth.net, 10 July 2014, 8 September 2015, Iron Maiden,"Queen, 50 greatest songs as voted for by Maiden, Priest, Kiss, etc". Classic Rock magazine, October 2006. Metallica,WEB, Erlewine, Stephen Thomas, Prato, Greg, Metallica, Allmusic, {{Allmusic, artist, p4906, yes, }} Dream Theater,WEB, Dream Theater: Dragon Attack – A Tribute To Queen,weblink dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100920054827weblink">weblink 20 September 2010, Trivium,WEB,weblink TRIVIUM Frontman: 'If It Weren't For JAMES HETFIELD, I Literally Wouldn't Be Here', 13 May 2010, BLABBERMOUTH.NET, en-US, 17 April 2016, Megadeth,WEB,weblink Baker's Dozen {{!, Th1rt3en Best: Dave Mustaine Of Megadeth's Favourite Albums|work=The Quietus|access-date=17 April 2016}} Anthrax,WEB,weblink MP3 David Lee Roth Queen review, 2 June 2010, Melvins,WEB,weblink Melvins' King Buzzo Talks About Queen's Influence in Exclusive Video, Ultimate Classic Rock, 17 April 2016, SlipknotBOOK, Sutcliffe, Phil, Queen: the Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock, 2009, Voyageur Press, Minneapolis, MN, USA, 978-0-7603-4947-2, 227, 2015, Corey Taylor: 'The older I got, the more I got into Queen, and I got into the harmonies, which were just unreal ... It was one of those things where you go, 'Man I wish I would've started listening to this earlier.' I think Freddie Mercury was one of the best singers ever lived. I think he would look around at a lot of this stuff today and laugh his ass off 'cause it would be so funny to him. Then again, he'd probably be a god to some of these people because he was such a great frontman, such a good singer, and just incredibly gifted man.', and Rage Against the Machine;BOOK, Sutcliffe, Phil, Queen: the Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock, 2009, Voyageur Press, Minneapolis, MN, USA, 978-0-7603-4947-2, 3, 2015, Tom Morello: 'There is no band remotely like them. There aren't even imitators that come within a hundred city blocks of Queen, and that can be said about very, very few bands. It's one of the few bands in the history of rock music that was actually best in a stadium. And I miss Freddie Mercury very much.', hard rock: Guns N' Roses,WEB, Erlewine, Stephen Thomas, Prato, Greg, Guns N' Roses, Allmusic, {{Allmusic, artist, p4416, yes, }} Def Leppard,WEB, Erlewine, Stephen Thomas, Def Leppard, Allmusic, {{Allmusic, artist, p4062, yes, }} Van Halen,Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Van Halen AllMusic. Retrieved 28 February 2012 Mötley Crüe,"Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock". p.27. Voyageur Press, 2009 Steve Vai,WEB,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160426002736weblink">weblink dead, 26 April 2016, Steve Vai On Brian May, Deacon, queen, official, Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John, www.queenonline.com, 26 April 2016, the Cult,WEB,weblink The Cult's Ian Astbury still seeking in this amazing interview – Louder Than War, Louder Than War, en-GB, 17 April 2016, the Darkness,WEB,weblink The Darkness on the magic of Queen {{!, Gigwise|last=Trendell|first=Andrew|website=gigwise.com|access-date=17 April 2016}} Kid RockBOOK, Sutcliffe, Phil, Queen: the Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock, 2009, Voyageur Press, Minneapolis, MN, USA, 978-0-7603-4947-2, 242, 2015, Kid Rock: 'I love Queen. The more you listen to Queen, the more you realize, especially if you're a musician, how much of a genius Freddie Mercury was, and Brian May and those guys are.', and Foo Fighters;WEB,weblink They're back: And thank God for the Foo Fighters, Arjun S Ravi, 12 October 2007, Screen Weekly, 2 December 2009, {{Dead link|date=July 2018 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }} alternative rock: Nirvana,NEWS,weblink The last days of Kurt Cobain, in his own words, The Independent, 28 September 2014, London, Ciar, Byrne, 21 March 2008, Radiohead,NEWS,weblink All messed up, The Guardian, London, 18 June 2006, Craig, McLean, Trent Reznor,NEWS,weblink Nine Inches of Love, TheNINHotline.com, Internet, March 1992, 7 December 2009,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100323084050weblink">weblink 23 March 2010, dead, Muse,WEB, Jonathan Fisher,weblink Muse talk to DiS: new album, Western films and WIN! WIN! WIN! / Music News Drowned In Sound, Drownedinsound.com, 17 June 2006, 2 June 2010, Red Hot Chili Peppers,WEB, http:www.moderndrummer.com/site/2011/08/chad-smith-3/, RHCP's Chad Smith {{!, Modern Drummer Magazine|website=Modern Drummer Magazine|language=en-US|access-date=17 April 2016}} Jane's Addiction,WEB,weblink Surfing, Pinball, and Weed: Perry Farrell on His Teen Years in Miami, Caplan, B., Miami New Times, 17 April 2016, the Flaming Lips,BOOK, Sutcliffe, Phil, Queen: the Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock, 2009, Voyageur Press, Minneapolis, MN, USA, 978-0-7603-4947-2, 2, 2015, Wayne Coyne: 'Musically they really are phenomenal. Freddie Mercury was just a beautiful singer, and they all are so great as musicians and have so many great moments where it's like, oh my God, here's a band that didn't hold back.', and The Smashing Pumpkins;WEB, Erlewine, Stephen Thomas, Prato, Greg, The Smashing Pumpkins, Allmusic, {{Allmusic, artist, p5462, yes, }} shock rock: Marilyn Manson;WEB,weblink 17 Years Ago: Marilyn Manson Goes Glam With 'Mechanical Animals', Childers, Chad, Loudwire, Townsquare Media, 15 September 2015, 30 August 2016, pop rock: The Killers,"The Killers channel Queen, Meat Loaf, for new album". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 13 July 2015 My Chemical Romance,Leahey, Andrew My Chemical Romance Allmusic Retrieved 24 January 2011 and Panic! at the Disco;WEB, Panic! at the Disco's Brendon Urie Talks the Influence of Bowie, Queen and Sinatra on Death of a Bachelor,weblink Abcnewsradioonline.com, 18 January 2016, and pop: Michael Jackson,BOOK, Sutcliffe, Phil, Queen: the Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock, 2009, Voyageur Press, Minneapolis, MN, USA, 978-0-7603-4947-2, 170, 2015, George Michael,Deming, Mark George Michael Allmusic. Robbie Williams,WEB,weblink Robbie Williams turned to Freddie Mercury for tour inspiration, People, Sunday, mirror, 17 April 2016, Adele,BOOK, Sutcliffe, Phil, Queen: the Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock, 2009, Voyageur Press, Minneapolis, MN, USA, 978-0-7603-4947-2, 3, 2015, Adele: 'I love them. I'm the biggest Queen fan ever ... They're the kind of band that's just in your DNA, really. Everyone just knows who they are.', Lady Gaga,NEWS,weblink Dingwall, John, The Fear Factor; Lady Gaga used tough times as inspiration for her new album, Daily Record (Scotland), Daily Record, 48–49, 27 November 2009, 25 January 2011, Katy Perry,Leahey, Andrew Katy Perry Allmusic Retrieved 25 January 2011 and Psy."His Style Is Gangnam, and Viral Too". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 August 2016In the early 1970s, Queen helped spur the heavy metal genre's evolution by discarding much of its blues influence.WEB,weblink Rolling Stone Magazine: Queen by Gordon Fletcher December 6, 1973, 3 October 2016, Classic Rock magazine, October 2006. Queen's 1974 song "Stone Cold Crazy" has been cited as a precursor of speed metal.WEB, Chris, Jones, Queen Sheer Heart Attack Review, 7 June 2007,weblink BBC Music, 3 January 2015, Metallica recorded a cover version of "Stone Cold Crazy", which first appeared on the (Rubáiyát: Elektra's 40th Anniversary) album in 1990, and won their second Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance in 1991.NEWS, Morse, Steve, 11 January 1991, Grammys focus on fresh faces, jilt Madonna, The Boston Globe, The New York Times Company, fee required,weblink 3 January 2015, Thom Yorke of Radiohead received his first guitar at 7 years old, encouraged after seeing Brian May in a broadcast of a Queen concert. At 10 years old, Yorke made his own homemade guitar, trying to imitate what May had done with his Red Special, but he was not satisfied with the result.WEB,weblink Here's The Thing with Alec Baldwin: interview with Thom Yorke, WNYC, 1 April 2013, 22 June 2015, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150621023101weblink">weblink 21 June 2015, Subsequently, Queen was one of the first influences in the music of Radiohead.

In other media

Musical theatre

File:WeWillRockYouDominion.jpg|thumb|upright|Statue of Mercury at the West End's Dominion Theatre where Queen and Ben Elton's musical We Will Rock You was performed from 2002 to 2014]]In May 2002, a musical or "rock theatrical" based on the songs of Queen, titled We Will Rock You, opened at the Dominion Theatre on London's West End.NEWS,weblink For the first time ever ... Queen: Ten great hits from the sensational rock band, Mail Online, 28 September 2014, London, 20 April 2014, The musical was written by British comedian and author Ben Elton in collaboration with Brian May and Roger Taylor, and produced by Robert De Niro. It has since been staged in many cities around the world. The launch of the musical coincided with Queen Elizabeth II's Golden Jubilee. As part of the Jubilee celebrations, Brian May performed a guitar solo of "God Save the Queen",WEB, May, Brian, April 2004, Biography, brianmay.com,weblink as featured on Queen's A Night at the Opera, from the roof of Buckingham Palace. The recording of this performance was used as video for the song on the 30th Anniversary DVD edition of A Night at the Opera.WEB,weblink A Night at the Opera, 30th Anniversary CD/DVD, AllMusic, 28 September 2014, WEB,weblink God Save The Queen, Ultimatequeen.co.uk, 28 September 2014, Following the Las Vegas premiere on 8 September 2004, Queen were inducted into the Hollywood RockWalk in Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles.WEB,weblink RockWalk Inductees: Queen. Guitar Center's Hollywood Rockwalk, Rockwalk.com, (File:We Will Rock You (musical Tokyo).jpg|thumb|left|We Will Rock You musical in Tokyo, Japan, November 2006)The original London production was scheduled to close on Saturday, 7 October 2006, at the Dominion Theatre, but due to public demand, the show ran until May 2014."Queen musical We Will Rock You to close after 12 years". BBC. Retrieved 28 October 2014 We Will Rock You has become the longest running musical ever to run at this prime London theatre, overtaking the previous record holder, the musical Grease.JOURNAL, We Will Rock You, London Theatre,weblink Brian May stated in 2008 that they were considering writing a sequel to We Will Rock You.NEWS,weblink Queen plan second stage musical, BBC News, 15 April 2008, The musical toured around the UK in 2009, playing at Manchester Palace Theatre, Sunderland Empire, Birmingham Hippodrome, Bristol Hippodrome, and Edinburgh Playhouse.WEB,weblink We Will Rock You UK Tour, Wewillrockyou.co.uk, Sean Bovim created "Queen at the Ballet", a tribute to Mercury, which uses Queen's music as a soundtrack for the show's dancers, who interpret the stories behind tracks such as "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Radio Ga Ga", and "Killer Queen".NEWS
, Sewpersad
, Roshan
, 21 October 2004
, Too little balls for balletomanes
, LitNet
, Teater
, South Africa
,weblink
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20061010023057weblink">weblink
, 10 October 2006
, live
,
, Queen's music also appears in the Off-Broadway production Power Balladz, most notably the song "We Are the Champions", with the show's two performers believing the song was "the apex of artistic achievement in its day".Christopher Isherwood (19 August 2010) Here They Go Again: Head-Banging Anthems of Their Youth The New York Times

Digital realm

In conjunction with Electronic Arts, Queen released the computer game (Queen: The eYe) in 1998.WEB,weblink Queen: The Eye, Ultimatequeen.co.uk, 13 July 2013, The music itself—tracks from Queen's vast catalogue, in many cases remixed into new instrumental versions—was by and large well received, but the game experience was hampered by poor gameplay. Adding to the problem was an extremely long development time, resulting in graphic elements that already seemed outdated by the time of release.PC Review: Queen: The Eye Review {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110404054853weblink |date=4 April 2011 }}Under the supervision of May and Taylor, numerous restoration projects have been under way involving Queen's lengthy audio and video catalogue. DVD releases of their 1986 Wembley concert (titled Live at Wembley Stadium), 1982 Milton Keynes concert (Queen on Fire – Live at the Bowl), and two Greatest Video Hits (Volumes 1 and 2, spanning the 1970s and 1980s) have seen the band's music remixed into 5.1 and DTS surround sound. So far, only two of the band's albums, A Night at the Opera and The Game, have been fully remixed into high-resolution multichannel surround on DVD-Audio. A Night at the Opera was re-released with some revised 5.1 mixes and accompanying videos in 2005 for the 30th anniversary of the album's original release (CD+DVD-Video set). In 2007, a Blu-ray edition of Queen's previously released concerts, Queen Rock Montreal & Live Aid, was released, marking their first project in 1080p HD.WEB,weblink Queen Rock Montreal (& Live Aid), Ultimatequeen.co.uk, Queen have been featured multiple times in the Guitar Hero franchise: a cover of "Killer Queen" in the original Guitar Hero, "We Are The Champions", "Fat Bottomed Girls", and the Paul Rodgers collaboration "C-lebrity" in a track pack for Guitar Hero World Tour, "Under Pressure" with David Bowie in Guitar Hero 5,WEB,weblink Rock Band's Queen 10-Pack in All Its Glory, Kotaku.com, 2 October 2009, 2 June 2010, "I Want It All" in (Guitar Hero: Van Halen),WEB,weblink Exclusive: 'Guitar Hero: Van Halen' Song List, Multiplayerblog.mtv.com, 5 August 2009, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150910211508weblink">weblink 10 September 2015, "Stone Cold Crazy" in (Guitar Hero: Metallica),WEB,weblink Guitar Hero Metallica Track List: Queen – Stone Cold Crazy, Guitarherosongs.co.uk, and "Bohemian Rhapsody" in (Guitar Hero: Warriors of Rock).WEB,weblink 'Guitar Hero: Warriors of Rock' Track List, Multiplayerblog.mtv.com, 4 June 2010, On 13 October 2009, Brian May revealed there was "talk" going on "behind the scenes" about a dedicated Queen Rock Band game.NEWS, Masters, Tim, 13 October 2009, Queen star May hails Muse album,weblink BBC News, Queen have also been featured multiple times in the Rock Band franchise: a track pack of 10 songs which are compatible with Rock Band, Rock Band 2, and Rock Band 3 (three of those are also compatible with Lego Rock Band). Their hit "Bohemian Rhapsody" was featured in Rock Band 3 with full harmony and keys support.The band also appeared in the video game Lego Rock Band as playable Lego avatars.WEB,weblink Queen Playable in Lego Rock Band along with their songs "We Will Rock You and We Are The Champions", 1up.com, 20 October 2009, 2 June 2010, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130515153128weblink">weblink 15 May 2013, In March 2009, Sony Computer Entertainment released a Queen branded version of the company's karaoke franchise, SingStar. The game, which is available on PlayStation 2 and PlayStation 3, is titled SingStar Queen and has 25 songs on the PS3 and 20 on the PS2.WEB, Previous post Next post,weblink Singstar Queen Track Listing Revealed | GameLife, Wired.com, 2 June 2010, 3 February 2009, "We Will Rock You" and other songs by Queen also appear in DJ Hero.WEB,weblink Music, Current Set List, DJ Hero, 2 June 2010, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100723131936weblink">weblink 23 July 2010, "One Vision" was featured on the successful video game Grand Theft Auto IV on the fictional radio station Liberty Rock Radio 97.8,WEB,weblink Grand Theft Auto IV soundtrack, GTAIV.net, 1 May 2013,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170214190411weblink">weblink 14 February 2017, dead, dmy-all, while "Radio Ga Ga" features on Grand Theft Auto V character trailer for Michael and the game's soundtrack.WEB,weblink GTA V What You Need to Know About The New Trailers, IGN, 1 May 2013,

Film and television

The soundtrack for the film Flash Gordon (1980) was by Queen. The band also contributed music to Highlander (the original 1986 film),WEB, Greg Prato,weblink Flash Gordon (Original Soundtrack): Queen, Allmusic.com, 27 January 1981, with "A Kind of Magic", "One Year of Love", "Who Wants to Live Forever", "Hammer to Fall", and the theme "Princes of the Universe", which was also used as the theme of the (Highlander: The Series|Highlander TV series) (1992–1998).BOOK,weblink Sounds of the Future: Essays on Music in Science Fiction Film. p.19, Books.google.com, In the United States, "Bohemian Rhapsody" was re-released as a single in 1992 after appearing in the comedy film Wayne's World. The single subsequently reached number two on the Billboard Hot 100 (with "The Show Must Go On" as the first track on the single) and helped rekindle the band's popularity in North America.BOOK,weblink Billboard 25 July 1992. p.8, Books.google.com, Olson, James Stuart (1999). Historical dictionary of the 1970s p.292. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999. Retrieved 30 May 2011File:Robb Queen.jpg|thumb|right|upright=0.9|Robbie Williams, on stage in 2015 with the Queen image in the background, performed "We Are the Champions" for the 2001 medieval adventure film A Knight's TaleA Knight's TaleSeveral films have featured their songs performed by other artists. A version of "Somebody to Love" by Anne Hathaway was in the 2004 film Ella Enchanted.WEB, Heather Phares,weblink Ella Enchanted Original Soundtrack, Allmusic.com, 6 April 2004, In 2006, Brittany Murphy also recorded a cover of the same song for the 2006 film Happy Feet.WEB, Other reviews by Mike Brennan,weblink Happy Feet Soundtrack, Soundtrack.net, 14 November 2006, In 2001, a version of "The Show Must Go On" was performed by Jim Broadbent and Nicole Kidman in the film musical Moulin Rouge!.WEB, Stephen Thomas Erlewine,weblink Moulin Rouge, Music from the Motion Picture, Allmusic.com, 26 February 2002, The 2001 film A Knight's Tale has a version of "We Are the Champions" performed by Robbie Williams and Queen; the film also features "We Will Rock You" played by the medieval audience."A Knight's Tale OST". All music. Retrieved 13 July 2015"I Was Born to Love You" was used as the theme song of the Japanese television drama Pride on Fuji Television in 2004, starring Takuya Kimura and Yūko Takeuchi. The show's soundtrack also contained other songs by Queen.Yukari Shima (14 November 2005) weblink" title="archive.today/20120723203612weblink">Japan Report BrianMay.com. Retrieved 11 June 2011 A song that has grown in popularity four decades since its release, the initial rebirth of "Don't Stop Me Now" has been attributed to its appearance in the 2004 cult classic zombie apocalypse film Shaun of the Dead.NEWS, The Evolution of Queen's 'Don't Stop Me Now': How a Minor Hit Became One of The Band's Most Beloved (And Inescapable) Songs,weblink 23 August 2019, Billboard, The song has featured in the BBC television show Top Gear, and in 2005 it was voted as "The Greatest Driving Song Ever" by the series' viewers.WEB,weblink Queen win Top Gears Best Driving Song ever poll, Queenzone.com, 7 August 2005, 11 August 2011, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110930145815weblink">weblink 30 September 2011, Keeping in a tradition of naming each season's episodes after songs by 1970s rock bands, the eighth and final season of That '70s Show had episodes named after Queen songs. "Bohemian Rhapsody" served as the season premiere.JOURNAL, Episode Guide, That '70s Show,weblink December 2008, – weblink" title="archive.today/20120730124244weblink">Scholar search With an entry for the year 1977, Queen featured in the VH1 series I Love the '70s, broadcast in the US.NEWS, VH1 Takes Trip to The 1970s,weblink 5 April 2019, The Ledger, The Simpsons has made storylines which have featured Queen songs such as "We Will Rock You", "We Are the Champions" (both sung by Homer), and "You're My Best Friend".WEB,weblink The Simpsons Archive: Music Featured on the Simpsons, Snpp.com, 14 November 2012, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20080511162809weblink">weblink 11 May 2008, The latter also appears in Family Guy, as does "Another One Bites the Dust", while an episode of the show, "Killer Queen", is named after (and features) the song.WEB, Killer Queen,weblink The A.V. Club, 11 March 2012, McFarland, Kevin, 5 April 2019, On 11 April 2006, Brian May and Roger Taylor appeared on the American singing contest television show American Idol. Each contestant was required to sing a Queen song during that week of the competition. Songs which appeared on the show included "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Fat Bottomed Girls", "The Show Must Go On", "Who Wants to Live Forever", and "Innuendo". Brian May later criticised the show for editing specific scenes,JOURNAL, Lyndsey, Parker, 13 April 2006, Queen's Brian May Addresses 'Idol Fallout', Yahoo!,weblink one of which made the group's time with contestant Ace Young look negative, despite it being the opposite. Taylor and May again appeared on the American Idol season 8 finale in May 2009, performing "We Are the Champions" with finalists Adam Lambert and Kris Allen. On 15 November 2009, Brian May and Roger Taylor appeared on the singing contest television show The X Factor in the UK.NEWS,weblink X Factor twins John and Edward in final six, Belfast Telegraph, 16 November 2009, 16 November 2009, In 2007, Queen featured as one of the main artists in the fifth episode of the BBC/VH1 series Seven Ages of Rock – focusing on stadium rock, the episode itself was named "We Are the Champions".NEWS, Seven Ages of Rock,weblink 14 June 2019, BBC, In the autumn of 2009, Glee featured the fictional high school's show choir singing "Somebody to Love" as their second act performance in the episode "The Rhodes Not Taken". The performance was included on the show's (Glee: The Music, Volume 1|Volume 1) soundtrack CD.WEB,weblink 'GLEE: The Music, Volume 1' Track Listing Revealed, Broadwayworld.com, 16 July 2011,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120724234830weblink">weblink 24 July 2012, dead, dmy-all, In June 2010, the choir performed "Another One Bites the Dust" in the episode "Funk"."Funk: Featured Music". Fox Retrieved 3 July 2011 The following week's episode, "Journey to Regionals", features a rival choir performing "Bohemian Rhapsody" in its entirety. The song was featured on the (Glee: The Music, Journey to Regionals|episode's EP). In May 2012, the choir performed "We Are the Champions" in the episode "Nationals", and the song features in (Glee: The Music, The Graduation Album|The Graduation Album).WEB,weblink Glee: The Music, The Graduation Album, The Official Music for Glee Site, 28 September 2014,
Bohemian Rhapsody
In a September 2010 BBC interview, Brian May announced that Sacha Baron Cohen was to play Mercury in a biographical film about the band.NEWS,weblink Sacha Baron Cohen to play Freddie Mercury, BBC News, 17 September 2010, 22 September 2010, Time commented with approval on his singing ability and visual similarity to Mercury.NEWS, @megancarol,weblink Sacha Baron Cohen to Play Freddie Mercury, Newsfeed.time.com, 17 September 2010, However, in July 2013, Baron Cohen dropped out of the role due to "creative differences" between him and the surviving band members.WEB,weblink Sacha Baron Cohen Exits Freddie Mercury Biopic Over Creative Differences With Queen, Deadline Hollywood, 22 July 2013, 22 July 2013, Nikki, Finke, In December 2013, it was announced that Ben Whishaw, known for playing Q in the James Bond film Skyfall, was a possible replacement for Baron Cohen in the role of Mercury,NEWS,weblink Ben Whishaw joins Freddie Mercury biopic, BBC News, 10 December 2013, 10 December 2013, but Whishaw pulled out a few months later amidst uncertainty about how the film was progressing.NEWS, Queen Biopic Will Happen, Band Says,weblink 15 November 2018, The New York Times, The project regained momentum in 2016. It was announced on 4 November that the film had secured the backing of 20th Century Fox, New Regency and GK Films. By this time, the film's working title was Bohemian Rhapsody, after the band's song of the same name. Freddie Mercury was to be played by Rami Malek, and shooting was scheduled to begin in early 2017.WEB,weblink Queen Movie Amping Up With Bryan Singer & Rami Malek As Freddie Mercury, Mike Fleming Jr, Deadline, 4 November 2016, 5 November 2016, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20161105014158weblink">weblink 5 November 2016, The motion picture was written by Anthony McCarten, with a story by McCarten and Peter Morgan, who received Oscar nominations for his screenplays The Queen and Frost/Nixon.NEWS, Queen's Freddie Mercury: taming the madness for Bohemian Rhapsody,weblink 14 November 2018, The Times, Released in October 2018, Bohemian Rhapsody focuses on Queen's formative years and the period leading up to the celebrated performance at the 1985 Live Aid concert.NEWS,weblink "Is it because I has a mankini?" Ali G creator to take on Queen, The Independent, 17 September 2010, 22 September 2010, London, The film has grossed over $900 million worldwide,"Bohemian Rhapsody". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 14 April 2019 making it the highest-grossing musical biographical film of all time.NEWS, Bohemian Rhapsody: Queen biopic surpasses $900m at box office,weblink 15 April 2019, BBC, Despite receiving mixed reviews, it won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture â€“ Drama. Malek received wide acclaim and numerous accolades for his portrayal of Mercury, including the Academy Award for Best Actor.NEWS, Aridi, Sara, 2019 Oscar Winners: The Full List,weblink 11 March 2019, The New York Times, 24 February 2019, While the Live Aid segment was praised, criticism came from not exploring more complex themes involving Mercury, with the New York Post's Johnny Oleksinski stating, "What we ultimately wanted from Bohemian Rhapsody was not carbon-copied concerts, but behind-closed-doors insight into a deeply private, complicated, internationally beloved superstar."NEWS, Bohemian Rhapsody: Critics say Freddie Mercury film is a kind of magic,weblink 31 October 2018, BBC, After the release of the film, "Bohemian Rhapsody" re-entered the US Billboard Hot 100 for the third time (having previously charted in 1976 and 1992), charting at number 33 on 12 November 2018.NEWS,weblink Queen's 'Bohemian Rhapsody' Makes Rare Third Visit to Billboard Hot 100, Billboard, 14 November 2018,

Personnel

Current members

  • Brian May – guitar, keyboards, vocals {{small|(1970–present)}}
  • Roger Taylor – drums, guitar, keyboards, vocals {{small|(1970–present)}}

Former members

  • Freddie Mercury – lead vocals, keyboards, guitar {{small|(1970–1991)}}
  • John Deacon – bass, guitar, keyboards {{small|(1971–1997)}}

Long-term Queen + vocalists

Current touring members

  • Spike Edney – keyboards, piano, rhythm guitar, backing vocals {{small|(1984–present)}}
  • Neil Fairclough – bass guitar, backing vocals {{small|(2011–present)}}
  • Tyler Warren – percussion, drums, backing vocals {{small|(2017–present)}}

Former touring members

  • Morgan Fisher – keyboards, piano {{small|(1982)}}
  • Fred Mandel – keyboards, piano {{small|(1982)}}
  • David Grosman – bass guitar {{small|(1998–2004)}}
  • Jamie Moses – rhythm guitar, backing vocals {{small|(1998–2009)}}
  • Danny Miranda – bass guitar, backing vocals {{small|(2005–2009)}}
  • Rufus Tiger Taylor – percussion, drums, backing vocals {{small|(2011–2017)}}

Early members

  • Mike Grose – bass {{small|(1970)}}
  • Barry Mitchell – bass {{small|(1970–1971)}}
  • Doug Bogie – bass {{small|(1971)}}

Timeline

{{#tag:timeline|ImageSize = width:800 height:auto barincrement:25PlotArea =left:120 bottom:60 top:0 right:20Alignbars = justifyDateFormat = dd/mm/yyyyPeriod = from:01/01/1970 till:{{#time:d/m/Y}}TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal format:yyyyLegend = orientation:horizontal position:bottomScaleMajor = increment:5 start:1970ScaleMinor = increment:1 start:1970Colors =
id:vocals value:red legend:Vocals
id:guitar value:green legend:Guitar
id:bass value:blue legend:Bass
id:drums value:orange legend:Drums
id:keyboard value:purple legend:Keyboards
id:studio value:black legend:Studio_albums
BarData =
bar:Fred text:"Freddie Mercury"
bar:Brian text:"Brian May"
bar:Grose text:"Mike Grose"
bar:Barry text:"Barry Mitchell"
bar:Doug text:"Doug Ewood Bogie"
bar:John text:"John Deacon"
bar:Roger text:"Roger Taylor"
PlotData=
width:11 textcolor:black align:left anchor:from shift:(10,-4)
bar:Fred from:01/01/1970 till:24/11/1991 color:vocals
bar:Brian from:01/01/1970 till:end color:guitar
bar:Grose from:01/01/1970 till:01/09/1970 color:bass
bar:Barry from:01/09/1970 till:01/04/1971 color:bass
bar:Doug from:01/04/1971 till:01/09/1971 color:bass
bar:Roger from:01/01/1970 till:end color:drums
bar:John from:01/09/1971 till:31/10/1997 color:bass
width:3 textcolor:black align:left anchor:from shift:(10,-4)
bar:Fred from:01/01/1970 till:24/11/1991 color:keyboard
bar:Roger from:01/01/1973 till:end color:vocals
bar:Brian from:01/01/1973 till:end color:vocals
LineData =
layer:back color:studio
at:13/07/1973
at:08/03/1974
at:08/11/1974
at:21/11/1975
at:10/12/1976
at:28/10/1977
at:10/11/1978
at:30/06/1980
at:08/12/1980
at:21/05/1982
at:27/02/1984
at:02/06/1986
at:22/05/1989
at:05/02/1991
at:06/11/1995
}}

Awards and nominations

Tours

{{Colbegin}} {{Colend}}

Discography

Studio albums

{{Colbegin}} {{Colend}}

References

{{Reflist}}

Further reading

  • BOOK, Brooks, Greg, 1995, Queen Live: A Concert Documentary, London, Omnibus Press, 978-0-7119-4814-3,
  • BOOK, Dawson, Mike, 2008, Freddie & Me, London, Jonathan Cape, 978-0-224-08193-1,
  • BOOK, Dean, Ken, Charlesworth, Chris, 1991, Queen: The New Visual Documentary, London, Omnibus Press, 978-0-7119-2828-2,
  • BOOK, Goodall, Nigel, Lewry, Peter, 1998, The Ultimate Queen, London, Simon & Schuster, 978-0-684-82149-8,
  • BOOK, Gunn, Jacky, Jenkins, Jim, 1992, Queen: As It Began, London, Sidgwick & Jackson, 978-0-330-33259-0,
  • BOOK, Hodkinson, Mark, 2005, Queen: The Early Years, London, Music Sales Limited, 978-0-7119-6012-1,
  • BOOK, Hogan, Peter, 1994, The Complete Guide to the Music of Queen, London, Omnibus Press, 978-0-7119-3526-6,
  • BOOK, Jackson, Laura, 2002, Queen: The Definitive Biography, London, Piatkus, 978-0-7499-2317-4,
  • BOOK, Michael, Mick, 1992, Queen, In Their Own Words, London, Omnibus Press, 978-0-7119-3014-8,
  • BOOK, Nester, Daniel, 2003, God Save My Queen: A Tribute, Brooklyn, NY, Soft Skull Press, 978-1-887128-27-8,
  • BOOK, Nester, Daniel, 2004, God Save My Queen II: The Show Must Go On, Brooklyn, NY, Soft Skull Press, 978-1-932360-51-6,weblink
  • BOOK, Purvis, Georg, 2006, Queen: Complete Works, Richmond, Reynolds & Hearn, 978-1-905287-33-8,
  • BOOK, Sutcliffe, Phil, Hince, Peter, Mack, Reinhold, 2009, Queen: The Ultimate Illustrated History of the Crown Kings of Rock, London, Voyageur Press, 0-7603-3719-5,

External links

{{sisterlinks|display=Queen|q=Queen (band)|c=Category:Queen (musical_group)|n=no|b=no|v=no|voy=no|m=no|mw=no|wikt=no|s=no|species=no}}{{Wikipedia books|Queen}}
  • {{Official websiteweblink}}
  • {{curlie|Arts/Music/Bands_and_Artists/Q/Queen|Queen}}
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