Qajar dynasty

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Qajar dynasty
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{{Redirect2|Qajar|Qajars||Qajar (disambiguation)}}{{use dmy dates|date=November 2012}}

The Qajar dynasty ({{Audio|Qajar.ogg|listen}}; {{transl|fa|Selsele-ye Qājār}};{{efn|Also Romanised as Ghajar, Kadjar, Qachar etc.}}) was an IranianAbbas Amanat, The Pivot of the Universe: Nasir Al-Din Shah Qajar and the Iranian Monarchy, 1831–1896, I. B. Tauris, pp 2–3 royal dynasty of Turkic origin,Cyrus Ghani. Iran and the Rise of the Reza Shah: From Qajar Collapse to Pahlavi Power, I. B. Tauris, 2000, {{ISBN|1-86064-629-8}}, p. 1William Bayne Fisher. Cambridge History of Iran, Cambridge University Press, 1993, p. 344, {{ISBN|0-521-20094-6}}Dr Parviz Kambin, A History of the Iranian Plateau: Rise and Fall of an Empire, Universe, 2011, p.36, online edition.Jamie Stokes and Anthony Gorman, Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East, 2010, p.707, Online Edition: "The Safavid and Qajar dynasties, rulers in Iran from 1501 to 1722 and from 1795 to 1925 respectively, were Turkic in origin." specifically from the Qajar tribe, ruling over Iran from 1789 to 1925.Abbas Amanat, The Pivot of the Universe: Nasir Al-Din Shah Qajar and the Iranian Monarchy, 1831–1896, I. B. Tauris, pp 2–3; "In the 126 years between the fall of the Safavid state in 1722 and the accession of Nasir al-Din Shah, the Qajars evolved from a shepherd-warrior tribe with strongholds in northern Iran into a Persian dynasty."Choueiri, Youssef M., A companion to the history of the Middle East, (Blackwell Ltd., 2005), 231,516. The Qajar family took full control of Iran in 1794, deposing Lotf 'Ali Khan, the last Shah of the Zand dynasty, and re-asserted Iranian sovereignty over large parts of the Caucasus. In 1796, Mohammad Khan Qajar seized Mashhad with ease,BOOK, Muslim World, H. Scheel, Jaschke, Gerhard, H. Braun, Spuler, Bertold, T Koszinowski, Bagley, Frank, 1981, Brill Archive, 978-90-04-06196-5, 65, 370, 28 September 2012,weblink putting an end to the Afsharid dynasty, and Mohammad Khan was formally crowned as Shah after his punitive campaign against Iran's Georgian subjects.Michael Axworthy. Iran: Empire of the Mind: A History from Zoroaster to the Present Day, Penguin UK, 6 Nov. 2008. {{ISBN|0141903414}} In the Caucasus, the Qajar dynasty permanently lost many of Iran's integral areas{{sfn|Fisher|Avery|Hambly|Melville|1991|p=330}} to the Russians over the course of the 19th century, comprising modern-day Georgia, Dagestan, Azerbaijan and Armenia.Timothy C. Dowling. Russia at War: From the Mongol Conquest to Afghanistan, Chechnya, and Beyond, pp 728-730 ABC-CLIO, 2 dec. 2014 {{ISBN|1598849484}}

Qajar Shahs of Persia, 1796–1925

{| class="wikitable"! colspan=2|Name! Portrait! Title! Born-Died! Entered office! Left office! style="background:White;"| 1| Mohammad Khan Qajar80px)title=Pivot of the Universe: Nasir Al-Din Shah Qajar and the Iranian Monarchy, 1831-1896last=Amanatyear=1997series=Comparative studies on Muslim societies|page=10}}| 1742–1797ENCYCLOPæDIA IRANICA>YEAR=1984PAGES=602–605LAST1=PERRYEDITOR-LAST=YARSHATEREDITOR-LINK=EHSAN YARSHATER, in Ramażān, 1210/ March, 1796, he was officially crowned shah of Iran., | 17 June 1797! style="background:White;"| 2| Fat′h-Ali Shah Qajar80px)| ShahanshahKhaqan| 1772–1834| 17 June 1797| 23 October 1834! style="background:White;"| 3| Mohammad Shah Qajar80px)| Khaqan son of Khaqan| 1808–1848| 23 October 1834| 5 September 1848! style="background:White;"| 4| Naser al-Din Shah Qajar80px)| Zell'ollah (Shadow of God [on earth])Qebleh-ye 'ālam (Pivot of the Universe)Islampanah (Refuge of Islam)| 1831–1896| 5 September 1848| 1 May 1896! style="background:White;"| 5| Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar80px)| | 1853–1907| 1 May 1896| 3 January 1907! style="background:White;"| 6| Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar80px)| | 1872–1925| 3 January 1907| 16 July 1909! style="background:White;"| 7| Ahmad Shah Qajar80px)| Sultan| 1898–1930| 16 July 1909| 31 October 1925

Qajar imperial family

The Qajar Imperial Family in exile is currently headed by the eldest descendant of Mohammad Ali Shah, Soltan Mohammad Ali Mirza Qajar, while the Heir Presumptive to the Qajar throne is Mohammad Hassan Mirza II, the grandson of Mohammad Hassan Mirza, Soltan Ahmad Shah's brother and heir. Mohammad Hassan Mirza died in England in 1943, having proclaimed himself shah in exile in 1930 after the death of his brother in France.Today, the descendants of the Qajars often identify themselves as such and hold reunions to stay socially acquainted through the Kadjar (Qajar) Family Association,WEB,weblink Qajar People, Qajars, 31 October 2012, often coinciding with the annual conferences and meetings of theInternational Qajar Studies Association (IQSA). The Kadjar (Qajar) Family Association was founded for a third time in 2000. Two earlier family associations were stopped because of political pressure. The offices and archives of IQSA are housed at the International Museum for Family History in Eijsden.

Titles and styles

The shah and his consort were styled Imperial Majesty. Their children were addressed as Imperial Highness, while male-line grandchildren were entitled to the lower style of Highness; all of them bore the title of Shahzadeh or Shahzadeh Khanoum.Qajar (Kadjar) Titles and Appellations

Qajar dynasty since 1925

Heads of the Qajar Imperial Family
The headship of the Imperial Family is inherited by the eldest male descendant of Mohammad Ali Shah.

Heirs Presumptive of the Qajar dynasty
The Heir Presumptive is the Qajar heir to the Persian throne.

Notable members

File:Bahram-Mirza Moezzedoleh I.jpg|thumb|Bahram MirzaBahram MirzaFile:Feyzulla Mirza Qovanlu-Qajar.JPG|thumb|Feyzullah Mirza QajarFeyzullah Mirza Qajar


Social work


Women's rights
  • Princess Mohtaram Eskandari, intellectual and pioneering figures in Iranian women's movement.{{sfn|Paidar|1997|page=95}}
  • Dr. Iran Teymourtash (Légion d'honneur) (1914–1991), journalist, editor and publisher of Rastakhiz newspaper, founder of an association for helping destitute women. Daughter of court minister Abdolhossein Teymourtash and through both her maternal grandparents a Qajar.L.A. Ferydoun Barjesteh van Waalwijk van Doorn (Khosrovani) (ed.), Qajar Studies. Journal of the International Qaja Studies Association, vol. X-XI, Rotterdam, Gronsveld, Santa Barbara and Tehran 2011, p. 220.

  • Prince Iraj (1874–1926), Iranian poet and translator
  • Princess Lobat Vala (b. 1930), Iranian poet and campaigner for the Women Liberation{{Clarify|date=October 2015}}
  • Shahrnush Parsipur, Iranian novelist, a Qajar descendant on her maternal side{{Clarify|date=October 2015}}
  • Sadegh Hedayat, a Qajar descendant through the female line

  • Gholam-Hossein Banan, Iranian musician and singer, Qajar descendant on his maternal side.{{sfn|Caton|1988}}

Family tree

Mothers of Qajar Shahs

See also

{{Former monarchic orders of succession}}






  • BOOK, Atabaki, Touraj, Iran and the First World War: Battleground of the Great Powers, I.B.Tauris, 2006, 978-1860649646, harv,
  • BOOK, Amanat, Abbas, Pivot of the Universe: Nasir Al-Din Shah Qajar and the Iranian Monarchy, 1831-1896, I.B.Tauris, 1997, 9781860640971, harv,
  • JOURNAL, Bournoutian, George A., George A. Bournoutian, The Population of Persian Armenia Prior to and Immediately Following its Annexation to the Russian Empire: 1826-1832, 1980, The Wilson Center, Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies, harv,
  • BOOK, Bournoutian, George A., A Concise History of the Armenian People: (from Ancient Times to the Present), 2002, Mazda Publishers, 978-1568591414, 2, harv,weblink
  • ENCYCLOPEDIA, BANÄ€N, ḠOLÄ€M-ḤOSAYN, Caton, M.,weblink Encyclopaedia Iranica, 1988, harv,
  • BOOK, Dowling, Timothy C., Russia at War: From the Mongol Conquest to Afghanistan, Chechnya, and Beyond [2 volumes], 2014, ABC-CLIO, 978-1598849486, harv,
  • BOOK, Fisher, William Bayne, Avery, P., Hambly, G. R. G, Melville, C., The Cambridge History of Iran, 7,weblink Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1991, 978-0521200950, harv,
  • ENCYCLOPEDIA, EREKLE II, Hitchins, Keith,weblink Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VIII, Fasc. 5, 541–542, 1998, harv, EREKLE II – Encyclopaedia Iranica,
  • BOOK, Holt, P.M., Lambton, Ann K.S., Lewis, Bernard, The Cambridge History of Islam,weblink Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1977, 978-0521291361, harv,
  • ENCYCLOPEDIA, EREVAN, Kettenhofen, Erich, Bournoutian, George A., Hewsen, Robert H., Robert H. Hewsen, Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VIII, Fasc. 5, 542–551, 1998, harv,
  • BOOK, Kohn, George C., Dictionary of Wars, Infobase Publishing, 2006, 978-1438129167, harv,
  • BOOK, Mikaberidze, Alexander, Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia, 1, ABC-CLIO, 2011, 978-1598843361, harv,
  • BOOK, Mikaberidze, Alexander, Historical Dictionary of Georgia, 2015, Rowman & Littlefield, 978-1442241466, 2, harv,
  • Gvosdev, Nikolas K.: Imperial policies and perspectives towards Georgia: 1760–1819, Macmillan, Basingstoke 2000, {{ISBN|0-312-22990-9}}
  • Lang, David M.: The last years of the Georgian Monarchy: 1658–1832, Columbia University Press, New York 1957
  • BOOK, Paidar, Parvin, Women and the Political Process in Twentieth-Century Iran, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997, 9780521595728, harv,
  • BOOK, The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 7: From Nadir Shah to the Islamic Republic, 1991, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Perry, John, The Zand dynasty, 63–104, 9780521200950,weblink harv,
  • BOOK, Suny, Ronald Grigor, Ronald Grigor Suny, The Making of the Georgian Nation, 1994, Indiana University Press, 978-0253209153, harv,

External links

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