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Polish Navy
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factoids
|branch= Navy style="background:#ccc;"!NATO Code||OF-9||OF-8||OF-7||OF-6|| OF-5||OF-4||OF-3||OF-2||colspan=2|OF-1|Polish name|Abbreviation|U.S./U.K. equivalent
ACCESSDATE=2011-01-12 ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20101011070444/HTTP://WWW.BIP.MON.GOV.PL/PLIKI/FILE/WERSJA%20POLSKA.PPT DF=, |command_structure= Polish Armed Forces|garrison= Gdynia|garrison_label= Headquarters|battles= Standing NRF Maritime Group 1Iraq WarAdmiral of the Fleet>Admiral Tomasz Mathea|commander1_label= Commander|commander2= Vice Admiral Ryszard Demczuk|commander2_label= Chief of Staff|commander3=|commander3_label=|notable_commanders=|identification_symbol= |identification_symbol_label= 125px)border|65px)|identification_symbol_2_label= Naval Ensign|identification_symbol_3_label= Naval Jack| native_name = Marynarka Wojenna}}The Polish Navy (, "War Navy") is a military branch of the Polish Armed Forces responsible for naval operations. The Polish Navy consists of 48 ships and about 12,000 commissioned and enlisted personnel. The traditional ship prefix in the Polish Navy is ORP (Okręt Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, "Warship of the Republic of Poland").

Origins

The Polish Navy has its roots in naval vessels that were largely used on Poland's main rivers in defense of trade and commerce. During the Thirteen Years' War (1454–66), this small force of inland ships for the first time saw real open sea combat. At the battle of Vistula Lagoon, a Polish privateer fleet defeated the Teutonic Knights Navy and secured permanent access to the Baltic Sea. The Second Peace of Thorn (1466) acquired for Poland the strategic naval city of Danzig (Gdańsk), and with it the means of maintaining a large fleet on the Baltic. In 1561, following a victory over Russian Naval forces in the Baltic, the Polish Navy acquired a second key port at Riga, in modern-day Latvia.At that time, as the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became involved in conflicts in Livonia, Polish king Sigismund II Augustus organized a Sea Commission (Komisja Morska) operating in the years 1568–1572 and supported the operations of privateers, but that met with opposition of the Poland's primary port, Gdańsk (Danzig), which saw them as a threat to its trade operations (see Hanseatic League).Juliusz Bardach, Boguslaw Lesnodorski, and Michal Pietrzak, Historia panstwa i prawa polskiego (Warsaw: Paristwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe), 1987, p.231 This led to the development of a privateer port in Puck. Around the start of the 17th century, Poland became ruled by the House of Vasa, and was involved in a series of wars with Sweden (see also dominium maris baltici). Vasa kings attempted to create a proper fleet, but their attempts met with repeated failures, due to lack of funds in the royal treasury (Polish nobility saw little need for the fleet and refused to raise taxes for its construction, and Gdańsk continued its opposition to the idea of a royal fleet). During the reign of Sigismund III of Poland, the most celebrated victory of the Commonwealth Navy took place at the Battle of Oliwa in 1627 against Sweden, during the Polish–Swedish War. The victory over Sweden fleet secured for Poland permanent access to the Atlantic, and laid the foundations for expeditions beyond Europe. The plans for the independent fleet fell through shortly afterwards due to a badly executed alliance with the Habsburgs who in 1629 took over the fleet.The Commission of Royal Ships (Komisja Okrętów Królewskich) was created in 1625. This commission, along with the ultimate allocation of funds by the Sejm in 1637, created a permanent Commonwealth Navy. Władysław IV Vasa, Sigismund's son and successor who took the throne in 1632, purchased 12 ships and built a dedicated port for the royal navy called Władysławowo. The Fleet, however, was entirely destroyed in 1637 by Denmark, without a declaration of war.BOOK, Michael Roberts, The Swedish Imperial Experience 1560–1718,weblink 7 June 2011, 27 April 1984, Cambridge University Press, 978-0-521-27889-8, 16–17,weblink 30 May 2016, no, dmy-all, Support for this navy was weak and it largely withered away by the 1640s; the remaining ships were sold in the years 1641–1643, which marked the end of the Commonwealth Navy. A small privateer navy was also created by Augustus II the Strong in 1700 during the Great Northern War.Jerzy Pertek Polacy na morzach i oceanach: Do roku 1795, p. 176 The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, though the dominant force in Central and Eastern Europe during the 16th–18th centuries, never developed its navy to its full potential. The proportionally small Polish coastline and the limited access to the Atlantic never allowed for a massive buildup of naval forces to the level of colonial powers such as England and France. The Partitions of Poland at the end of the 18th century brought an end to the independent Polish Navy.

20th century

File:Mazur.jpg|thumb|left|Torpedo boat {{ship|ORP|Mazur}}, one of Polish Navy's first ships after World War IWorld War IFollowing World War I, the Second Polish Republic on 28 November 1918, by the order of Józef Piłsudski, commander of the Armed Forces of Poland, founded the modern Polish Navy. The token naval force was placed under the command of Captain Bogumił Nowotny as its first chief. The first ships were acquired from a division of the Imperial German Navy (because of Great Britain's politics, it was very small part, limited to six torpedo boats).In the 1920s and 1930s the Polish Navy underwent a modernisation program under the leadership of Vice-Admiral Jerzy Świrski (Chief of Naval Staff) and Rear-Admiral Józef Unrug (CO of the Fleet). A number of modern ships were built in France, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. Despite ambitious plans (including 2 cruisers and 12 destroyers), the budgetary limitations placed on the government by the Great Depression never allowed the navy to expand beyond a small Baltic force. The building of one submarine, {{ship|ORP|Orzeł|1938|6}}, was partly funded by a public collection. One of main goals of the Polish Navy was to protect the Polish coast against the Soviet Baltic Fleet, therefore it put emphasis on fast submarines, large and heavily armed destroyers and mine warfare. By September 1939 the Polish Navy consisted of 5 submarines, 4 destroyers, big minelayer and various smaller support vessels and mine-warfare ships. This force was no match for the larger Kriegsmarine, and so a strategy of harassment and indirect engagement was implemented.

World War II

{{see also|Polish Navy order of battle in 1939}}File:ORP Grom.jpg|thumb|ORP Grom, a World War IIWorld War IIThe outbreak of World War II caught the Polish Navy in a state of expansion. Lacking numerical superiority, Polish Naval commanders decided to withdraw main surface ships to Great Britain to join the Allied war effort and prevent them from being destroyed in a closed Baltic (the Peking Plan). On 30 August 1939, 3 destroyers ({{ship|ORP|Błyskawica}}, {{ship|ORP|Grom|1936|6}}, and {{ship|ORP|Burza}}) sailed to the British naval base at Leith in Scotland. They then operated in combination with Royal Navy vessels against Germany. Also two submarines managed to flee from the Baltic Sea through the Danish straits to Great Britain during the Polish September Campaign (one of them, {{ship|ORP|Orzeł|1938|6}}, made a daring escape from internment in Tallinn, Estonia, and traveled without maps). Three submarines were interned in Sweden, while remaining surface vessels were sunk by German aircraft.During the war the Polish Navy in exile was supplemented with leased British ships, including two cruisers, seven destroyers, three submarines, and a number of smaller fast-attack vessels. The Polish Navy fought alongside the Allied navies in Norway, the North Sea, the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, and aided in the escort of Atlantic and Arctic convoys, in which {{ship|ORP|Orkan|G90|6}} was lost in 1943. Polish naval vessels played a part in the sinking of the {{ship|German battleship|Bismarck}}, and in the landings in Normandy during D-Day. During the course of the war, one cruiser, four destroyers, one minelayer, one torpedo boat, two submarines and some smaller vessels (gunboats, mine hunters etc.) were sunk; in total, twenty-six ships were lost, mostly in September 1939. In addition to participating in the sinking of Bismarck, the Polish Navy sank an enemy destroyer and six other surface ships, two submarines and a number of merchant vessels.

Postwar

File:Warszawa II TW 6-91.jpg|thumb|left|ORP Warszawa was a Kashin-class guided missile destroyerguided missile destroyerAfter World War II, on 7 July 1945, the new Soviet-imposed Communist government revived the Polish Navy with headquarters in Gdynia. During the Communist period, Poland's navy experienced a great buildup, including the development of a separate amphibious force of Polish Marines. The Navy also acquired a number of Soviet-made ships, including 2 destroyers, 2 missile destroyers, 13 submarines and 17 missile boats. Among them was a {{sclass2-|Kilo|submarine|2}}, {{ship|ORP|Orzeł|1986|6}} and a modified Kashin-class missile destroyer, ({{ship|ORP|Warszawa|1988|6}}). Polish shipyards produced mostly landing craft, minesweepers and auxiliary vessels. The primary role of the Warsaw Pact Polish Navy was to be Baltic Sea control, as well as amphibious operations along the entire Baltic coastline against NATO forces in Denmark and West Germany. The collapse of the Soviet Union, the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact, and the fall of Communism ended this stance.

21st century

(File:Polish Warship gen.Pulaski.jpg|thumb|{{ORP|Generał Kazimierz Pułaski}} is an {{sclass-|Oliver Hazard Perry|frigate}})Poland's entrance into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization has greatly changed the structure and role of the Polish Navy. Whereas before, most of Naval High Command was concerned with coastal defense and Baltic Sea Operations, the current mindset is for integration with international naval operations. The focus is on expansion of subsurface naval capabilities, and in the creation of a large submarine force. To facilitate these changes the Republic of Poland has undertaken a number of modernization programs aimed at creating a force capable of power projection around the world. This includes a number of foreign acquisitions, including the acquisition of four {{sclass-|Kobben|submarine|2}}s from Norway, and two {{sclass-|Oliver Hazard Perry|frigate|2}}s from the United States. The Polish Navy has also one Kilo-class submarine ({{ship|ORP|Orzeł|1986|6}}). The Naval air arm has also acquired a number of SH-2G Super Seasprite helicopters. Highly appreciated is a naval commando unit Formoza (since 2007 part of the Wojska Specjalne).(File:Ćwiczenia 3 Flotylli Okrętów (06).jpg|thumb|left|ORP Sęp is a {{sclass-|Kobben|submarine|0}} patrol submarine)The Polish Navy has taken part in numerous joint force operations. In 1999 the naval base at Gdynia became the home base of all NATO submarine forces in the Baltic, codenamed "Cooperative Poseidon". That same year joint American-Polish submarine training manoeuvres codenamed "Baltic Porpoise" for the first time utilized the port in a multinational military exercise.

Modernization

File:Wodowanie i chrzest ORP „Ślązak” (8).jpg|thumb|{{ship|ORP|Ślązak|2015|6}} is an {{sclass-|Gawron|corvette|0}} offshore patrol vessel ]]File:Jelcz P662D43 z wyrzutnia.JPG|thumb|Shore based anti-ship Naval Strike MissileNaval Strike MissileThe Polish Navy is undergoing a full modernization. Initially planned as a 9 billion zloty project, the budget was reduced to 5 billion zloty in 2012 which caused projects delays or cancellations over the allotted time 2010 – 2018.WEB,weblink Rozczarowujące BME 2010, Altair, 2012-04-17, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120313143243weblink">weblink 2012-03-13, The latest strategy for the navy considers larger warships as unsuitable for the Baltic Sea, however one Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigate will be upgraded to extend its operation life beyond 2020. 12 new ships worth around 10 billion PLN were to be acquired before 2026. The plan was updated in 2017 for 2013–2022 period to be worth 13 billion zloty and call to acquire 22 new vessels.Nowy harmonogram modernizacji MW RP. {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170202033044weblink |date=2017-02-02 }} Altair, January 20th, 2017. {{pl icon}} This include three Coastal Defence Vessel, code name Miecznik with displacement of 2600 tons, three patrol/mine countermeasure vessel, code name Czapla with 1700 tons displacement.The Polish Navy Development Concept. {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170305082627weblink |date=2017-03-05 }} amberexpo.plMiecznik i Czapla częściowo odtajnione. {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130715080207weblink |date=2013-07-15 }} Altair {{pl icon}} Three new submarines are planned with delivery expected in 2024–2025. Three {{sclass2-|Kormoran 2|minehunter}}s are planned.TECHNICAL MODERNIZATION PLAN FOR ARMED FORCES in the years 2013–2022. {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130118112027weblink |date=2013-01-18 }} {{pl icon}}WEB,weblink Polish Navy to Acquire New Submarine, Defense News, 14 December 2014, Other purchases include six tugboats, two tankers, two rescue ships, one ELINT, one logistical support ship and one Joint Support Ship. However some deliveries are expected up to 2026.{{r|altair2}} Meanwhile, to reduce costs, serving vessels will be upgraded and overhauled to maintain operational status. Concerns have been risen about the Polish Navy, as more vessels are being withdrawn from service without being replaced in the near future.WEB,weblink Gawron na wodzie, Altair, 2012-04-17, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120313143404weblink">weblink 2012-03-13, WEB,weblink ORP Pułaski – pływający złom, Altair, 2012-04-17, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120313143415weblink">weblink 2012-03-13, With the increased tension in the area surrounding Poland, plans have been put in place to potentially procure up to three new submarines with cruise missile launch capability. The cruise missiles carried are planned to have an {{convert|800|km|mi|abbr=on}} range.WEB,weblink Rakiety dla samolotów, okrętów i wyrzutni naziemnych. Polska armia ostrzy kły, TVN24.pl, 14 December 2014,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20141203022038weblink">weblink 3 December 2014, no, dmy-all, The Polish Navy has already acquired 36 Swedish RBS15 Mk3.WEB,weblink RBS15 Mk 3 Surface to Surface Missile SSM in use, Saab Group, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101024183244weblink">weblink October 24, 2010, and 50 (50/74) Norwegian Naval Strike MissilesWEB,weblinkweblink" title="archive.is/20120630034625weblink">weblink yes, 2012-06-30, defence.professionals, defpro.com, 2012-04-17, for vessels and coastal defence units. It is planned to reinforce the Navy's helicopter fleet with four to eight ASW/SAR units.WEB, Poland evaluates three bids for helicopter acquisition,weblink 2017-04-08,weblink 2017-04-09, no, The {{sclass-|Gawron|corvette}}s program was cancelled with the sole surviving unit to be built as a patrol vessel. On 2 July 2015 {{ORP|Ślązak|2015|6}} was christened during official launching ceremony, becoming the first new Polish-built Navy ship in 21 years.Defence Minister: We need to expand Polish Navy. {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171004135637weblink |date=2017-10-04 }} 02.07.2015 In June 2013 the Coastal Missile Division (NDR) equipped initially with 12 Naval Strike Missiles and two TRS-15C radars achieved initial readiness.WEB,weblink Ukompletowanie NDR, Altair,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150703145743weblink">weblink 2015-07-03, no,

Mission and organization

The main mission of the Polish Navy is the defense of Poland's territorial waters, coastline and its interests abroad. Other missions include the support of NATO allied operations, and search and rescue operations throughout the Baltic Sea. In addition, the Polish Navy supplies nearly 40 ships as part of the NATO Rapid Reaction Force, designed to be a force projection and conflict response force around the world. The Polish Navy is organized into 2 separate Flotillas and a Naval Air Brigade.WEB,weblink Polish Navy, 14 December 2014,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20141218155133weblink">weblink 18 December 2014, no, dmy-all, Until January 1, 2014 the service had a Chief of the Navy (a three-star Admirał floty) and a Naval Command. On that date the branch-specific Land Forces, Air Forces, Naval and Special Forces Commands were disestablished and combined into two new commands. The functions of the three-star Chief of the Navy were split between two two-star officers (vice-admirals in the Polish system of military ranks) - an Inspector of the Navy under the Armed Forces General Command, responsible for manpower, materiel and combat readiness and a Commander of the Seaborne Component Command, responsible for naval operations. {{location map+ |Poland| relief = 1 |float=right|width=300|caption=Polish Navy bases |places={{location map~|Poland|lat=54.541667|long=18.555556|position=bottom|znak=Black pog.svg|label=Gdynia}}{{location map~|Poland|lat=54.612222|long=18.786667|position=right|znak=Black pog.svg|label= Hel}}{{location map~|Poland|lat=54.185278|long=15.551944|position=right|znak=Red pog.svg|label=Kołobrzeg}}{{location map~|Poland|lat=53.903611|long=14.251667|position=right|znak=Red pog.svg|label=Świnoujście}}}}{{Polish Army}} Flotilla CommandSubmarine Ships Division in Gdynia-Oksywie*ORP 291 Orzeł - Kilo-class submarine*ORP 295 Sęp and ORP 296 Bielik - Kobben-class submarinesGdynia Combatant Ships Division - Gdynia-Oksywie*ORP 272 Generał Kazimierz Pułaski and ORP 273 Generał Tadeusz Kościuszko - Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates*ORP 421 Orkan, ORP 422 Piorun and ORP 423 Grom - Orkan-class missile corvettes*ORP 240 Kaszub - single ship ASW corvette Project 620*ORP 241 Ślązak - single ship multirole corvette Project Meko A-100, being fitted out until the end of 2018Support Ships Division in Gdynia*ORP 251 Wodnik - single ship Wodnik-class training vessel Project 888*ORP 281 Piast and ORP 282 Lech - Piast-class rescue-salvage ships Project 570*ORP R-14 Zbyszko and ORP R-15 Maćko - rescue cutters Project B823Reconnaissance Ships Group in Gdynia*ORP 262 Nawigator and ORP 263 Hydrograf - Nawigator-class reconnaissance shipsHydrographic Support Squadron in Gdynia*ORP 265 Heweliusz and ORP 266 Arctowski - Heweliusz-class hydrographic survey ships*ORP 253 Iskra - Iskra-class sail training ship*2 hydrographic cutters K-4 and K-10 and 3 hydrographic motor launches M-38, M-39 and M-40Coastal ASM Unit "Commodore Zbigniew Przybyszewski" in Siemirowice*1st Coastal ASM Division - Naval Strike Missile*2nd Coastal ASM Division - Naval Strike Missile (in formation)9th Anti-Aircraft Division in Ustka - Grom MANPADS and S-60 AAA guns43rd Naval Combat Engineer Battalion in RozewieNaval Technical Base in GdyniaMilitary Port Command "Brig. Gen. Stanisław Dąbek" in Gdynia*Base Location HelNaval Sailing Training Center in GdyniaNaval Control and Measurement Range in Gdynia-OksywieORP H34 Błyskawica - Grom-class destroyer museum ship Flotilla Command2nd Landing and Minelaying Ships Division in Swinoujscie*ORP 821 Lublin, ORP 822 Gniezno, ORP 823 Kraków, ORP 824 Poznań and ORP 825 Toruń - Lublin-class minelayer-landing ships*ORP 511 Kontradmirał Xawery Czernicki - multirole support ship*3 landing cutters Project 71612th Wolin Minesweeper Division in Swinoujscie*ORP 631 Gardno, ORP 632 Bukowo, ORP 633 Dąbie, ORP 634 Jamno, ORP 635 Mielno, ORP 636 Wicko, ORP 637 Resko, ORP 638 Sarbsko, ORP 639 Necko, ORP 640 Nakło, ORP 641 Drużno, ORP 642 Hańcza - Gardno-class minesweepers Project 207P*TR-25 and TR-26 - minesweeping cutters Project B410-IVS*EOD Diver Group13th Minesweeper Division "Fleet Admiral Andrzej Karweta" in Gdynia*ORP 621 Flaming, ORP 623 Mewa and ORP 624 Czajka - minehunters Project 206FM*ORP 601 Kormoran - minehunter Project 258*ORP 630 Gopło, ORP 643 Mamry, ORP 644 Wigry, ORP 645 Śniardwy, ORP 646 Wdzydze - coastal minesweepers Project 207M*EOD Diver Group8th Anti-Aircraft Division in Dziwnów - Grom MANPADS and S-60 AAA guns8th Kołobrzeg Naval Combat Engineer Battalion in DziwnówMilitary Port Command Swinoujscie*Base Location Kołobrzeg
      • Gdynia Naval Aviation Brigade "Commander Pilot Karol Trzask-Durski"WEB,weblink ..:: :: Jednostki ::.., Rydzyk{{!, 2012{{!}}www.rczpi.wp.mil.pl|first=made by RCZPI{{!}}design by Patryk|website=blmw.wp.mil.pl|language=pl|access-date=2018-09-26|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180926170338weblink|archive-date=2018-09-26|dead-url=no|df=}} in Gdynia-Babie DoÅ‚y
Brigade Command43rd Oksywie Naval Air Base "Commander Edward Stanisław Szystowiski" in Gdynia-Babie Doły*Air Group**4 transport aircraft An-28TD (0703 and 1003) and M28B (1117 and 1118)**4 shipborne ASW helicopters Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite (3543, 3544, 3545 and 3546)**6 SAR helicopters W-3WARM Anakonda (0505, 0506, 0511, 0813, 0815 and 0906)**2 training and liaison helicopters Mi-2D (5245) and Mi-2R (5348)44th Kaszubian-Darłowo Naval Air Base in Siemirowice*Kaszubian Air Group in Siemirowice**7 maritime patrol aircraft M28B-1R Bryza M28B-1R (1006, 1008, 1017, 1022, 1114, 1115 and 1116)**1 maritime patrol and submarine detection aircraft M28B-1RM/BIS Bryza (0810)**2 environmental monitoring aircraft An-28E (0404 and 0405)*Darłowo Air Group in Darłowo**2 SAR helicopters Mi-14PŁ/R (1009 and 1012)**8 ASW helicopters Mi-14PŁ (1001, 1003, 1004, 1005, 1007, 1008, 1010 and 1011)**2 SAR helicopters W-3WARM Anakonda (0209 and 0304)**2 training and liaison helicopters Mi-2R (5828 and 5830)

Ranks and insignia

Commissioned ranks{| style"border:1px solid #8888aa; background:#f7f8ff; padding:5px; font-size:95%; margin:0 12px 12px 0;" style"margin:auto; width:100%;"

(File:POL Marynarka Wojenna.svg|45px)Navy (File:POL PMW pagon1 admirał.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 admirał floty.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 wiceadmirał.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 kontradmirał.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 komandor.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 komandor porucznik.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 komandor podporucznik.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 kapitan marynarki.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 porucznik marynarki.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 podporucznik marynarki.svg|45px)
admiraładmirał floty1wiceadmirałkontradmirałkomandorkomandorporucznikkomandorpodporucznikkapitanmarynarkiporucznikmarynarkipodporucznikmarynarki
adm.adm.fl.wadm.kadm.kmdrkmdr por.kmdr ppor.kpt.mar.por.mar.ppor.mar.
AdmiralViceAdmiralRearAdmiralRear admiral/Commodore (rank)>CommodoreCaptainCommanderLieutenantCommanderLieutenantLieutenant(junior grade)/Sub-lieutenantEnsign
1 introduced in 2002
style"background:#ccc;"">

Petty Officers and Seamen ranks{| style"border:1px solid #8888aa; background:#f7f8ff; padding:5px; font-size:95%; margin:0 12px 12px 0;" style"margin:auto; width:100%;" style"background:#ccc;"

!NATO Code||colspan=2|OR-9 ||OR-8 ||OR-7||OR-6||OR-5||colspan=2|OR-4||OR-3||OR-2||OR-1 (File:POL Marynarka Wojenna.svg|45px)Navy (File:POL PMW pagon1 starszy chorąży sztabowy marynarki.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 starszy chorąży marynarki.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 chorąży marynarki.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 młodszy chorąży marynarki.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 starszy bosman.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 bosman.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 bosmanmat.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 starszy mat.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 mat.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 starszy marynarz.svg|45px) (File:POL PMW pagon1 marynarz.svg|45px)|Polish namestarszychorążysztabowymarynarkistarszychorążymarynarkichorążymarynarkimłodszychorążymarynarkistarszybosmanbosmanbosmanmatstarszymatmatstarszymarynarzmarynarz|Abbreviationst.chor.szt.mar.st.chor.mar.chor.mar.mł.chor.mar.st.bsm.bsm.bsmtst.matmatst.mar.mar.|U.S./U.K. equivalentCommandMaster ChiefPetty OfficerMaster ChiefPetty OfficerSenior ChiefPetty OfficerChiefPetty OfficerPetty OfficerFirst ClassPetty OfficerSecond ClassPetty OfficerThird Class Petty OfficerThird Class,LeadingSeamanSeamanSeamanApprenticeSeamanRecruit

Ships and naval aircraft

(File:W3 anakonda SAR.jpg|thumb|Paint schemes of Navy helicopters)Currently, the Polish Navy operates 48 ships, including: 3 submarines, 2 frigates, 1 corvettes, 1 Offshore patrol vessel, 3 fast-attack craft, 20 mine destroyers, 5 mine layers, 4 salvage ships, 6 auxiliary ships and 2 training vessels. Also, the navy operates 37 naval aircraft, including 9 maritime patrol planes, 4 transport planes, 10 search air-rescue helicopters, 8 anti-submarine warfare helicopters, 2 transport helicopters and 2 utility helicopters.

Aircraft{| class"wikitable"

!Aircraft!Origin!Type!Variant!In serviceWEB,weblink World Air Forces 2016, December 2015, Flightglobal International, Flightglobal International, 29 April 2016,weblink 24 June 2016, no, dmy-all, !NotesPZL M28 Skytruck>PZL M28B Bryza 1R|Poland|Maritime Patrol|M-28|9||PZL M28 Skytruck|Poland|Transport|M-28|4||Mil Mi-2|Poland|Command & Utility|Mi-2|4|Mil Mi-8>Mil Mi-8/17|Soviet Union|Transport|Mi-17|2||Mil Mi-14|Soviet Union|ASWSAR|Mi-14PŁMi-14PŁ/R|42FIRST=DOMINICDATE=20 FEBRUARY 2017ACCESS-DATE=21 FEBRUARY 2017ARCHIVE-DATE=22 FEBRUARY 2017DF=DMY-ALL, |AgustaWestland AW101|United Kingdom/Italy|ASW/SAR||TITLE=POLAND ORDERS FOUR AW101 HELICOPTERS FOR NAVY DATE=26 APRIL 2019 ACCESSDATE=26 APRIL 2019, Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite>SH-2G Super Seasprite|USA|ASW|SH-2G|4||PZL W-3 Sokół|Poland|SAR|W-3WARMW-3T/SAR|62|2 W-3T upgraded to W-3WARM

See also

Notes

{{Reflist}}

References

  • Michael Alfred Peszke, Poland's Navy: 1918–1945, New York, Hippocrene Books, 1999, {{ISBN|0-7818-0672-0}}.

External links

{{Military of Poland}}{{NATO Maritime Forces}}{{NATO Air Forces}}{{Navies in Europe}}

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Eastern Philosophy
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