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Pima County, Arizona

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Pima County, Arizona
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}}(File:Pima County Fair.jpg|thumb|Pima County Fair, 2007)Pima County {{IPAc-en|ˈ|p|iː|m|ə}} is a county in the south central region of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, the population was 980,263,WEB, State & County QuickFacts,weblink United States Census Bureau, May 18, 2014, making it Arizona's second-most populous county. The county seat is Tucson,WEB,weblink June 7, 2011, Find a County, National Association of Counties, where nearly all of the population is centered. The county is named after the Pima Native Americans who are indigenous to this area.Pima County includes the Tucson, Arizona Metropolitan Statistical Area.Pima County contains parts of the Tohono O'odham Nation, as well as all of the San Xavier Indian Reservation, the Pascua Yaqui Indian Reservation, Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Ironwood Forest National Monument and Saguaro National Park.The vast majority of the county population lies in and around the city of Tucson (2017 city population: 535,677), filling much of the eastern part of the county with urban development. Tucson, Arizona's second largest city, is a major commercial and academic center. Other urban areas include the Tucson suburbs of Marana (population 44,792), Oro Valley (population 44,350), Sahuarita (population 29,318), and South Tucson (population 5,643), a large ring of unincorporated urban development, and the growing satellite town Green Valley. The rest of the county is sparsely populated; the largest towns are Sells, the capital of the Tohono O'odham Nation, and Ajo in the county's far western region.

History

Pima County, one of the four original counties in Arizona, was created by the 1st Arizona Territorial Legislature with land acquired through the Gadsden Purchase from Mexico in 1853. The original county consisted of all of Arizona Territory east of longitude 113° 20' and south of the Gila River.BOOK, Wagoner, Jay J., Arizona Territory 1863–1912: A Political history, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1970, 0-8165-0176-9, 58, registration,weblink Soon thereafter, the counties of Cochise, Graham and Santa Cruz were carved from the original Pima County.WEB,weblink History: Pima County, Pima County Justice Court (jp.pima.gov), September 27, 2000, September 30, 2009, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100527140505weblink">weblink May 27, 2010,

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of {{convert|9189|sqmi}}, of which {{convert|9187|sqmi}} is land and {{convert|2.1|sqmi}} (0.02%) is water.WEB,weblink United States Census Bureau, August 23, 2015, August 23, 2012, 2010 Census Gazetteer Files,

Topographic features

Major highways

Adjacent counties and municipalities

{{div col}} {{div col end}}

National protected areas

Sonoran Desert Conservation Plan

The Sonoran Desert Conservation Plan (SDCP) is Pima County’s plan for desert conservation.

Demographics

{{US Census population|1870= 5716|1880= 17006|1890= 12673|1900= 14689|1910= 22818|1920= 34680|1930= 55676|1940= 72838|1950= 141216|1960= 265660|1970= 351667|1980= 531443|1990= 666880|2000= 843746|2010= 980263|estyear=2018|estimate=1039073ACCESSDATE=MAY 10, 2019, |align-fn=centerPUBLISHER=UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAUPUBLISHER=UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA LIBRARYPUBLISHER=UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAUPUBLISHER=UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU, May 18, 2014, 2010–2018}}

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 843,746 people, 332,350 households, and 212,039 families residing in the county. The population density was 92 people per square mile (35/km²). There were 366,737 housing units at an average density of 40 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.07% White, 3.03% Black or African American, 3.22% Native American, 2.04% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 13.30% from other races, and 3.21% from two or more races. 29.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.80% reported speaking Spanish at home.WEB,weblink Language Map Data Center, Mla.org, April 3, 2013, October 11, 2015, There were 332,350 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.70% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.20% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.06.In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 10.90% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males.The median income for a household in the county was $36,758, and the median income for a family was $44,446. Males had a median income of $32,156 versus $24,959 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,785. About 10.50% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 980,263 people, 388,660 households, and 243,167 families residing in the county.WEB
,weblink
, DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data
, January 20, 2016
, United States Census Bureau, The population density was {{convert|106.7|PD/sqmi}}. There were 440,909 housing units at an average density of {{convert|48.0|/sqmi}}.WEB
,weblink
, January 20, 2016
, Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County
, United States Census Bureau, The racial makeup of the county was 74.3% white, 3.5% black or African American, 3.3% American Indian, 2.6% Asian, 0.2% Pacific islander, 12.3% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 34.6% of the population.
The largest ancestry groups were:WEB
,weblink
, DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates
, January 20, 2016
, United States Census Bureau,
{{Div col|colwidth=15em}}
  • 30.8% Mexican
  • 16.2% German
  • 10.6% Irish
  • 9.9% English
  • 4.5% Italian
  • 3.1% French
  • 2.8% American
  • 2.7% Polish
  • 2.4% Scottish
  • 1.8% Scotch-Irish
  • 1.7% Norwegian
  • 1.6% Dutch
  • 1.6% Swedish
  • 1.1% Russian
{{div col end}}Of the 388,660 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.4% were non-families, and 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.06. The median age was 37.7 years.The median income for a household in the county was $45,521 and the median income for a family was $57,377. Males had a median income of $42,313 versus $33,487 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,093. About 11.2% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.WEB,weblink DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, January 20, 2016, United States Census Bureau,

Metropolitan Statistical Area

The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Pima County as the Tucson, AZ Metropolitan Statistical Area.WEB,weblink OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas, United States Office of Management and Budget, February 28, 2013, March 20, 2013, The United States Census Bureau ranked the Tucson, AZ Metropolitan Statistical Area as the 53rd most populous metropolitan statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012.WEB,weblink Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012, comma-separated values, CSV, 2012 Population Estimates, United States Census Bureau, Population Division, March 2013, March 20, 2013, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130401093220weblink">weblink April 1, 2013, The Office of Management and Budget has further designated the Tucson, AZ Metropolitan Statistical Area as a component of the more extensive Tucson-Nogales, AZ Combined Statistical Area, the 53rd most populous combined statistical area and the 59th most populous primary statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012.WEB,weblink Table 2. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012, comma-separated values, CSV, 2012 Population Estimates, United States Census Bureau, Population Division, March 2013, March 20, 2013, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130517083619weblink">weblink May 17, 2013,

Government, policing, and politics

Pima County is governed by a five-member Board of Supervisors who set ordinances and run services for the areas that do not fall within any city or town jurisdiction.

Board of Supervisors and elected positions

The Pima County Board of Supervisors is responsible for steering public policy in the region. The five-member board provides direction to the County Administrator and the county’s various departments as they work to ensure safe communities, nurture economic development, sustainably manage natural resources and protect public health. In addition to overseeing the delivery of a host of municipal services, from roads to parks and libraries and law enforcement, board members also are responsible for approving the county budget. Elected to four-year terms, board members also set the amount of taxes to be levied.{| class="wikitable" generated with (:de:Wikipedia:Helferlein/VBA-Macro for EXCEL tableconversion) V1.8 ! colspan="2" | Party! District! Name! First elected! Area(s) represented! Official Website  | Republican| District 1| Ally Miller| 2012Oro Valley, Arizona>Oro Valley, Marana, Catalina Foothills| District 1  | Democratic | District 2| Ramon Valadez| Appointed 2003Tucson, Arizona>Tucson, Sahuarita, Arizona, South Tucson, Arizona>South Tucson| District 2  | Democratic | District 3| Sharon Bronson| 1996Tucson, Arizona>Tucson, Marana, Arizona, Three Points, Arizona>Three Points, Sahuarita| District 3  | Republican| District 4| Steve Christy| 2016Tucson, Arizona>Tucson, Vail, Arizona, Summerhaven, Arizona>Summerhaven, Green Valley| District 4  | Democratic| District 5| Richard Elias| Appointed 2002Tucson, Arizona>Tucson, Sahuarita, Arizona, Green Valley, Arizona>Green Valley| District 5WEB,weblink Board of Supervisors - Pima County, Pima.gov, April 16, 2013, October 11, 2015, Along with the Board of Supervisors the Arizona State Constitution allows for 7 other county elected officials.{| class="wikitable"! colspan="2" |Party!Office!Name!First elected!References |Democratic|Assessor|Bill Staples|2004WEBSITE=ASR.PIMA.GOV, 2017-01-23,  |Democratic|County Attorney|Barbara LaWall|1996WEBSITE=PCAO.PIMA.GOV, 2017-01-23,  |Democratic|County Recorder|F. Ann Rodriguez|1992WEBSITE=RECORDER.PIMA.GOV, 2017-01-23,  |Democratic|County School Superintendent|Dustin Williams|2016WEBSITE=SCHOOLS.PIMA.GOVACCESS-DATE=2017-01-23,  |Republican|Sheriff|Mark D. Napier|2016WEBSITE=EDITORIALMAC.COMACCESS-DATE=2017-01-23,  |Republican|Treasurer|Beth Ford|2000WEBSITE=TO.PIMA.GOVACCESS-DATE=2017-01-23,  |Republican|Clerk of Superior Court|Toni Hellon|2013WEBSITE=COSC.PIMA.GOV/ACCESS-DATE=2017-01-23,

Pima County Sheriff

The Pima county sheriff's department provides court protection, administers the county jail, provides coroner service, and patrols the unincorporated parts of Pima County. It is the seventh largest sheriff's department in the nation.Pima County Sheriff wikipedia site Incorporated towns within the county with municipal police departments are Tucson, Marana, Oro Valley, and Sahuarita.

Politics

{{Hidden begin|titlestyle = background:#ccccff;|title = Presidential elections results}}{| class="wikitable" style="float:right; font-size:83%; margin-left: 1em;"Pima County vote by party in presidential electionsDAVE LEIP’S ATLAS OF UNITED STATES PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, June 11, 2011,weblink style="background:lightgrey;"! Year! Republican! Democratic! Others'''201639.7% 167,42853.3% 224,6617.0% 29,551'''201245.6% 174,77952.5% 201,2511.9% 7,143'''200846.2% 182,40652.2% 206,2541.6% 6,180'''200446.6% 171,10952.6% 193,1280.9% 3,255'''200043.3% 124,57951.3% 147,6885.4% 15,373'''199639.4% 104,12152.2% 137,9838.5% 22,448'''199234.5% 97,03645.7% 128,56919.9% 55,879'''198850.3% 117,89948.5% 113,8241.2% 2,750'''198456.9% 123,83042.1% 91,5851.0% 2,197'''198049.8% 93,05534.4% 64,41815.8% 29,584'''197649.8% 77,26445.9% 71,2144.3% 6,583'''197245.4% 73,15434.9% 56,22319.7% 31,733'''196850.6% 49,47940.7% 39,7868.7% 8,501'''196446.4% 46,95553.4% 54,1200.2% 203'''196052.4% 46,73447.3% 42,1710.3% 239'''195662.5% 39,29837.4% 23,5360.1% 51'''195260.2% 32,11339.8% 21,237'''194847.6% 16,96849.7% 17,6922.7% 965'''194445.4% 10,85054.4% 13,0060.2% 57'''194040.1% 9,44559.6% 14,0350.4% 82'''193632.7% 6,07965.9% 12,2491.4% 262'''193234.7% 6,15262.4% 11,0612.9% 514'''192856.9% 6,63542.7% 4,9760.4% 42'''192442.2% 3,55930.7% 2,59427.1% 2,286'''192058.0% 3,39242.0% 2,455'''191653.2% 2,61642.2% 2,0794.6% 227'''191219.6% 35338.4% 69342.0% 758{{Hidden end}}

Communities

File:Pima County Incorporated and Unincorporated areas.svg|thumb|right|300px|Map of the incorporated and unincorporated cities and towns in Pima County. Also shown are the borders for the Indian ReservationsIndian ReservationsFile:Pima Co. Copper mines.jpg|thumb|Astronaut photo of the open-pit copper mines adjacent to Green Valley, 2010. Note that north is to the left. ]]

Cities

Towns

Ghost Towns in Pima County

Census-designated places

{{div col|colwidth=15em}} {{div col end}}

Indian communities

Other communities

County population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Pima County.WEB,weblink 2010 Census, Center for New Media and Promotions(C2PO), census.gov, WEB,weblink 2010 Census Block Maps - Geography - U.S. Census Bureau, Geographic Products Branch, census.gov, † county seat{| class="wikitable sortable"!Rank!City/Town/etc.!Population (2010 Census)!Municipal type!Incorporated style="background:#ffff54;"| 1† Tucson, Arizona>Tucson | 520,116| City| 1775 style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 2Casas Adobes, Arizona>Casas Adobes | 66,795census-designated place>CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 3Catalina Foothills, Arizona>Catalina Foothills | 50,796| CDP| style="background:#bfb;"| 4Oro Valley, Arizona>Oro Valley | 41,011| Town| 1974 style="background:#bfb;"| 5Marana, Arizona>Marana | 34,961| Town| 1977 style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 6Drexel Heights, Arizona>Drexel Heights | 27,749| CDP| style="background:#bfb;"| 7Sahuarita, Arizona>Sahuarita | 25,259| Town| 1994 style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 8Green Valley, Arizona>Green Valley | 21,391| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 9Tanque Verde, Arizona>Tanque Verde | 16,901| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 10Flowing Wells, Arizona>Flowing Wells | 16,419| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 11Tucson Estates, Arizona>Tucson Estates | 12,192| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 12Vail, Arizona>Vail | 10,208| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 13Picture Rocks, Arizona>Picture Rocks | 9,563| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 14Valencia West, Arizona>Valencia West | 9,355| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 15Catalina, Arizona>Catalina | 7,569| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 16Avra Valley, Arizona>Avra Valley | 6,050| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 17Corona de Tucson, Arizona>Corona de Tucson | 5,675| CDP| style="background:#ffff54;"| 18South Tucson, Arizona>South Tucson | 5,652| City| 1940 style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 19Three Points, Arizona>Three Points | 5,581| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 20Summit, Arizona>Summit | 5,372| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 21Rincon Valley, Arizona>Rincon Valley | 5,139| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 22Ajo, Arizona>Ajo | 3,304| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 23Sells, Arizona>Sells | 2,495| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 24| Arivaca Junction | 1,090| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 25Littletown, Arizona>Littletown | 873| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 26Arivaca, Arizona>Arivaca | 695| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 27| Pimaco Two | 682| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 28Santa Rosa, Arizona>Santa Rosa | 628| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 29| Elephant Head | 612| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 30Pisinemo, Arizona>Pisinemo | 321| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 31Topawa, Arizona>Topawa | 299| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 32| Nelson | 259| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 33| San Miguel | 197| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 34| Gu Oidak | 188| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 35Why, Arizona>Why | 167| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 36| Ali Chuk | 161| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 37| Maish Vaya | 158| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 38| Anegam | 151| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 39Cowlic, Arizona>Cowlic | 135| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 40| Ali Chukson | 132| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 41| Wahak Hotrontk | 114| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 42| South Komelik | 111| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 43Rillito, Arizona>Rillito | 97| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 44| Haivana Nakya | 96| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 45| Chiawuli Tak | 78| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 46| Ali Molina | 71| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 47| Charco | 52| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 48Ventana, Arizona>Ventana | 49| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 49| Ko Vaya | 46| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 50Summerhaven, Arizona>Summerhaven | 40| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 51| Nolic | 37| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 52| Ak Chin | 30| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 53| Comobabi | 8| CDP| style="background:#dbe9f4;"| 54| Willow Canyon | 1| CDP|

Tourist attractions

Yearly Events

Locations of Interest

Recreation Attractions

See all recreational items including arts and culture, classes, community centers, outdoor activities, parks and pools, special events, stadiums and hiking/trail maps. Learn more...

See also

{{Commons category|Pima County, Arizona}}

References

{{reflist|30em}}

External links

{{Geographic Location |Centre = Pima County, Arizona Maricopa County, Arizona>Maricopa County and Pinal County Graham County, Arizona>Graham County Cochise County, Arizona>Cochise County Santa Cruz County, Arizona>Santa Cruz County Altar, Sonora, Mexico; Caborca, Sonora, Mexico; Plutarco Elías Calles, Sonora, Mexico; and Sáric>Sáric, Sonora, Mexico |Southwest = Yuma County, Arizona>Yuma County |Northwest = }}{{Pima County, Arizona| }}{{USLargestMetros}}{{Arizona}}{{Authority Control}}

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