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Phocis
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{{about||the ancient region|Phocis (ancient region)}}







factoids
| coor_pinpoint = | coordinates_footnotes = | subdivision_type = Country| subdivision_name = Greecemodern regions of Greece>RegionCentral Greece (region)>Central Greece| established_title = | established_date = 2011| founder = | seat_type = Capital| seat = Amfissa| government_footnotes = | leader_party = | leader_title = | leader_name = | unit_pref = Metric| area_footnotes = | area_total_km2 = 2120| area_land_km2 = | area_water_km2 = | area_water_percent = | area_note = | elevation_footnotes = | elevation_m = | population_footnotes = | population_total = 40343| population_as_of = 2011| population_density_km2 = auto| population_demonym = | population_note = Eastern European Time>EET| utc_offset = +2| timezone1_DST = EEST| utc_offset1_DST = +3Postal codes in Greece>Postal codes | postal_code = 33x xxTelephone numbers in Greece>Area codes| area_code = 226x0, 26340Vehicle registration plates of Greece>Car plates| blank_info = ΑΜ| iso_code = GR-07www.fokida.gr}}| footnotes = }}Phocis ({{IPAc-en|ˈ|f|oʊ|s|ɪ|s}}; , {{IPA-el|foˈciða|pron}}, {{IPA-el|pʰɔːkís|}}) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the administrative region of Central Greece. It stretches from the western mountainsides of Parnassus on the east to the mountain range of Vardousia on the west, upon the Gulf of Corinth. It is named after the ancient region of Phocis, but the modern regional unit also includes parts of ancient Locris and Doris.

Geography

Modern Phocis has an area of 2120 km² (819 mi²), of which 560 km² (216 mi²) are forested, 36 km² (14 mi²) are plains, and the remainder is mountainous.WEB,weblink History, 2007-05-03, 2001–2002, Prefecture of Fokida,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070404091123weblink">weblink 2007-04-04, The massive ridge of Parnassus (2,459 m/8,068 ft), which traverses the heart of the country, divides it into two distinct portions. The neighbouring prefectures are Aetolia-Acarnania to the west, Phthiotis to the north and Boeotia to the east. It also shares a tiny border with Evrytania. Much of the south and east are deforested and rocky and mountainous while the valley runs from Itea up to Amfissa. Forests and green spaces are to the west, the central part and the north.Its reservoir is the Mornos Dam on the Mornos river. It covers nearly 1 km to 3 km². It was completed in the 1960s, and GR-48 was extended to pass through the dam.

Administration

The regional unit Phocis is subdivided into 2 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):WEB,weblink Kallikratis reform law text,

Prefecture

Phocis was created as a prefecture in 1947 out of the Phthiotis and Phocis Prefecture. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Phocis was created out of the former prefecture Phocis (). The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.{| class="wikitable"! New municipality !! Old municipalities !! Seat Delphi (Delfoi) Delphi rowspan=8|Amfissa| Amfissa | Desfina | Galaxidi | Gravia Itea, Phocis>Itea | Kallieis Parnassos (municipality)>Parnassos Dorida Efpalio rowspan=4|Lidoriki| Lidoriki | Tolofon Vardousia (municipality)>Vardousia

Provinces

  • Province of Dorida - Lidoriki
  • Province of Parnassida - Amfissa
Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.

History

Population

With a population of 40,343 (2001), it is one of Greece's least populous regional units, and has a population density of 19 persons per km² (49/mi²).Detailed census results 2011 {{el icon}} In the summer months, the population nearly doubles due to the influx of tourists.Most of the villages are in the south, the southeast and the east, especially in the areas between Amfissa and Itea. The north and the west are the least populated.

Transport

People

Modern Phocis was inhabited by several Greek tribes since antiquity, mainly by Phocians, Locrians and Dorians, which were intermingled and formed the present-day Phocian population, with a unique linguistic and cultural heritage, frequently mentioned as Roumeliotes.

Notable people

Sporting teams

Here are the most popular sporting teams in the prefecture. All of the teams are under the Phocis Football Clubs Association in which it existed since 1985 after the separation and dissolution of the Phocis-Phtiotis Football Guild Union.

See also

References

{{Reflist}}
Attribution
{{EB1911|wstitle = Phocis|volume=21}}

External links

{{commons category|Phocis}}{{wikivoyage|Phocis}}
  • weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20040307191721weblink">Fanaticus website: Phokians, 668–450BC weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20050308000825weblink">weblink
  • In French:
    • weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20050216162536weblink">Phocide
    • weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20050114032028weblink">Mythorama on Phocis weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20050315023912weblink">weblink - MSN Encarta
    • weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20050118063017weblink">Fortifications of Phocide weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20050316092319weblink">weblink
{{Kallikratis-Central Greece}}{{Prefectures of Greece}}

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