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Peter Viereck

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Peter Viereck
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{{About|the American writer|the German city|Viereck}}(File:Peter Viereck.jpg|thumb|Peter Viereck.)Peter Robert Edwin Viereck (August 5, 1916 – May 13, 2006) was an American poet, political thinker, and professor of history at Mount Holyoke College.

Background

Viereck was born in New York City, the son of George Sylvester Viereck. He received his B.A. summa cum laude in history from Harvard University in 1937. He then specialized in European history, receiving his M.A. in 1939 and his Ph.D. in 1942, again from Harvard.

Career

Poetry and scholarship

Viereck was prolific in his writing from 1938. He was a respected poet, with numerous published collections of poems and some poems first published in Poetry Magazine. He won the annual Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1949 for the collection Terror and Decorum."Modern Timeline of Poetry" {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20060105070316weblink |date=2006-01-05 }}, University of Toronto In 1955 he was a Fulbright Scholar at the University of Florence.

Politics

{{Conservatism sidebar |People}}Viereck in the 1940s was an early leader in the conservative movement but by 1951 felt that it had strayed from true conservatism (see his review of William F. Buckley's God and Man at Yale, The New York Times, November 4, 1951). In April 1940, Viereck wrote an article in the Atlantic Monthly ("But—I'm a Conservative!"found at theatlantic.com), partly in reaction against the ideologies of his father, George Sylvester Viereck, a Nazi sympathizer.}}His beliefs are difficult to categorize as they raise questions about what "conservative" really means:According to Tom Reiss, Viereck was right, as he wrote in Conservatism Revisited (1949), that he "had 'opened people's minds to the idea that to be conservative is not to be satanic.' But, he said, 'once their minds were opened, Buckley came in'." In a review of Buckley's 1950 book God and Man at Yale, Viereck wrote:In 1962 he elaborated upon the differences he saw between real conservatives and those he called pseudo-conservatives. He wrote ofIn January 2006, Viereck offered this analysis:

Teaching

Viereck first taught during 1946–1947 at Smith College. In 1948 he joined the faculty at nearby Mount Holyoke College, also a women's college in Massachusetts. He taught history for nearly fifty years. He retired in 1987 but continued to teach his Russian history survey course there until 1997. Upon grading the final exams of his students, he would write on the test, "An A- is good, an A+ means you aren't smelling enough flowers." He and the poet Joseph Brodsky would often joke about teaching a course together, "Rhyme and Punishment".Viereck died on May 13, 2006 in South Hadley, Massachusetts after a prolonged illness.

Awards

Works

Poetry

In Poetry Magazine

  • "Graves Are Made to Waltz On," Volume 56, July 1940, Page 185
  • "Sonnet for Servants of the Word," Volume 68, September 1946, Page 302
  • "Vale," from Carthage, Volume 70, July 1947, Page 182
  • "Five Theological Cradle-Songs," Volume 71, December 1947, Page 115
  • "Better Come Quietly," Volume 71, December 1947, Page 115
  • "Why Can't I Live Forever?," Volume 71, December 1947, Page 115
  • "Blindman's Buff," Volume 71, December 1947, Page 115
  • "Game Called on Account of Darkness," Volume 71, December 1947, Page 115
  • "Hide and Seek," Volume 71, December 1947, Page 115
  • "A Sort of Redemption," Volume 72, August 1948, Page 238
  • "Elegy to All Sainthood Everywhere," Volume 72, August 1948, Page 238
  • "Love Song of Judas Smith," Volume 74, August 1949, Page 256
  • "Again, Again!," Volume 80, April 1952, Page 6
  • "Girl-Child Pastoral," Volume 81, October 1952, Page 80
  • "Nostalgia," Volume 82, April 1953, Page 18
  • "Benediction," Volume 85, February 1955, Page 255
  • "A Walk on Moss," Volume 87, October 1955, Page 1
  • "We Ran All the Way Home," Volume 96, August 1960, Page 265 weblink

Poetry collections

Each year links to a corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
  • 1948: Terror and Decorum, winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1949
  • 1949: The Poet in the Machine Age
  • 1950: Strike Through the Mask! New Lyrical Poems
  • 1952: The First Morning, New Poems
  • 1953: Dream and Responsibility: Four Test Cases of the Tension Between Poetry and Society
  • 1954: The Last Decade in Poetry: New Dilemmas and New Solutions
  • 1956: The Persimmon Tree: new pastoral and lyrical poems
  • 1961: The Tree Witch: A Poem and Play (First of All a Poem)
  • 1967: New and Selected Poems: 1932-1967
  • 1987: Archer in the Marrow: The Applewood Cycles of 1967-1987
  • 1995: Tide and continuities: Last and First Poems, 1995-1938
  • 2005: Door: Poems
  • 2005: Strict Wildness: Discoveries In Poetry And History

Intellectual history

  • 1941. Meta-Politics: the Roots of the Nazi Mind, A. A. KnopfBrinton, Crane. "Metapolitics: From the Romantics to Hitler," The Saturday Review, October 4, 1941. [Rep. by Capricorn Books, 1965].
    • Metapolitics: From Wagner and the German Romantics to Hitler, Transaction Publishers, 2003.
  • 1949. Conservatism Revisited: The Revolt Against Ideology, Transaction PublishersBundy, McGeorge. "Return to Metternich," The Reporter, October 11, 1949.Bruun, Geoffrey. "A Defense of Metternich," The Saturday Review, October 15, 1949.MacDonald, Dwight. "Conservatism Revisited," New Republic, November 13, 1949. [Rep. by The Free Press, 1962; expanded and revised edition, by Transaction Publishers, 2005, with a major new study of Peter Viereck and conservatism by Claes G. Ryn].Federici, Michael. "Revisiting Viereck," The University Bookman,'' Volume 44, Number 3, Summer 2006.
  • 1953. Dream and Responsibility: Four Test Cases of the Tension between Poetry and Society, University Press of Washington.
  • 1953. Shame and Glory of the Intellectuals, Beacon Press [Rep. by Capricorn Books, 1965; Greenwood Press, 1978; Transaction Publishers, 2006].
  • 1956. Conservatism: from John Adams to Churchill, Van Nostrand.
    • Conservative Thinkers: From John Adams to Winston Churchill, Transaction Publishers, 2005.
  • 1956. The Unadjusted Man: A New Hero for Americans, Beacon Press [Rep. by. Greenwood Press, 1973].
    • Unadjusted Man in the Age of Overadjustment: Where History and Literature Intersect, Transaction Publishers, 2004.
  • 1957. Inner Liberty: The Stubborn Grit in the Machine, Pendle Hill.
  • 2011. Strict Wildness: Discoveries in Poetry and History, Transaction Publishers.

Select articles

References

{{reflist |25em}}

Further reading

  • Brown, Charles C. "Reading Peter Viereck Anew," The University Bookman, Volume 47, Number 3–4, Fall 2010.
  • Ciardi, John. "Peter Viereck—The Poet and the Form." University of Kansas City Review 15: 297-302.
  • Hayward, Ira N. "The Tall Ideas Dancing: Peter Viereck, or the Poet as Citizen." Western Humanities Review 9 (1955): 249-260.
  • Henault, Marie. Peter Viereck (Twayne Publishers, 1969).
  • Horowitz, Irving Louis. "Peter Viereck: European-American Conscience, 1916–2006," Society, Volume 44, Issue 2, January 2007.
  • Jacobsen, Josephine. "Peter Viereck: Durable Poet," The Massachusetts Review, Vol. 9, No. 3, Summer, 1968.
  • Lacey, Robert J. "Peter Viereck: Reverent Conservative." in Lacey, Pragmatic Conservatism: Edmund Burke and His American Heirs (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016). 157-195.
  • Reiss, Tom. "The First Conservative: How Peter Viereck Inspired—and Lost—a Movement." The New Yorker 24 (2005).
  • Ryn, Claes G. "Peter Viereck: Unajusted Man of Ideas," The Political Science Reviewer, Volume 7, Number 1, Fall, 1977.
  • Ryn, Claes G. "The Legacy of Peter Viereck: His Prose Writings," Humanitas, Volume XIX, Nos. 1 and 2, 2006.
  • Sheridan, Earl. "The Classical Conservatism of Peter Viereck," Southeastern Political Review, Volume 23, Issue 1, March 1995.
  • Sparling, George R. "Peter Viereck and the Demise of New Conservatism" (Doctoral Dissertation, Georgetown University, 2015) online, with bibliography pp 167-71
  • Starliper, Jay Patrick. Aesthetic Origins: Peter Viereck and the Imaginative Sources of Politics, Submitted to the Faculty of the Department of Politics School of Arts and Sciences of the Catholic University of America in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Political Theory, 2012.
  • Weinstein, Michael A. "Peter Viereck: Reconciliation and Beyond." HUMANITAS 10.2 (1997). online
  • Zdobinski, Patrick L. weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101112071636weblink">"Contradictory Views in Peter Viereck’s War Poetry," Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal, Vol. 1, Article 6, 2010.

External links

Obituaries

{{PulitzerPrize PoetryAuthors 1922–1950}}{{Authority control}}

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