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Peter Jackson
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{{Other people|Peter Jackson}}{{Use New Zealand English|date=February 2014}}{{Use dmy dates|date=October 2016}}







factoids
| image = Peter Jackson SDCC 2014.jpg| imagesize = San Diego Comic-Con International>San Diego Comic-Con| birth_name = Peter Robert Jackson196131|df=y}}| birth_place = Wellington, New Zealand| occupation = Film director, screenwriter, film producer| years active = 1976{{ndash}}presentNZ$600 millionHTTP://WWW.NEWSWEEK.COM/PETER-JACKSON-NET-WORTH-787283LAST=DATE=APRIL 8, 2018ACCESS-DATE=APRIL 8, 2018, en, (2018)| partner = Fran Walsh (1987{{ndash}}present)| children = 2}}Sir Peter Robert Jackson {{post-nominals|country=NZL|size=100%|ONZ|KNZM}} (born 31 October 1961) is a New Zealand film director, screenwriter and film producer. He is best known as the director, writer, and producer of The Lord of the Rings trilogy (2001–03) and The Hobbit trilogy (2012–14), both of which are adapted from the novels of the same name by J. R. R. Tolkien. Other films include the critically lauded drama Heavenly Creatures (1994), the mockumentary film Forgotten Silver (1995), the horror comedy The Frighteners (1996), the epic monster remake film King Kong (2005), and the supernatural drama film The Lovely Bones (2009). He produced District 9 (2009), (The Adventures of Tintin (film)|The Adventures of Tintin: The Secret of the Unicorn) (2011), West of Memphis (2012) and Mortal Engines (2018).Jackson began his career with the "splatstick" horror comedy Bad Taste (1987) and the black comedy Meet the Feebles (1989) before filming the zombie comedy Braindead (1992). He shared a nomination for Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay with his partner Fran WalshNEWS,weblink Middle-Earth Wizard’s Not-So-Silent Partner, New York Times, 30 November 2012, Brooks Barnes, for Heavenly Creatures, which brought him to mainstream prominence in the film industry. Jackson has been awarded three Academy Awards in his career, including the award for Best Director in 2004. He has also received a Golden Globe, four Saturn Awards and three BAFTAs amongst others.His production company is Wingnut Films, and his most regular collaborators are co-writers and producers Walsh and Philippa Boyens. Jackson was made a Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit in 2002. He was later knighted (as a Knight Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit) by Anand Satyanand, the Governor-General of New Zealand, at a ceremony in Wellington in April 2010. In December 2014, Jackson was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.NEWS, Peter Jackson gets star on Hollywood Walk of Fame,weblink 25 November 2014, The New Zealand Herald, 25 November 2014,

Early life

Jackson was born on 31 October 1961 in WellingtonBOOK, Pryor, Ian, Peter Jackson: From Prince of Splatter to Lord of the Rings, Random House, New York, NY, USA, 2003, 978-0-7528-6970-4,weblink 3 October 2015, {{rp|25}} Pryor (2003), p. 25, op. cit., states "Shortly before sunset on October 31, Joan Jackson gave birth to her first child at Wellington Hospital."and was raised at the nearby coastal town of Pukerua Bay.WEB,weblink Peter Jackson – Biography, NZ On Screen, 16 January 2014, His parents—Joan (née Ruck),{{rp|20}}BOOK, Hill, Richard, Richard Hill: The Autobiography, Hardcover, Orion Books, 2006, 22, 1-86941-555-8, a factory worker and housewife, and William "Bill" Jackson, a wages clerk—were emigrants from England.WEB,weblink FilmReference.com, FilmReference.com, 24 March 2010, NEWS, David Smith,weblink Guardian.co.uk, Guardian, 30 November 2003, 24 March 2010, London, UK, Bill Jackson was a veteran of the Siege of Malta in World War II.As a child, Jackson was a keen film fan, growing up on Ray Harryhausen films, as well as finding inspiration in the television series Thunderbirds and Monty Python's Flying Circus. After a family friend gave the Jacksons a Super 8 cine-camera with Peter in mind, he began making short films with his friends. Jackson has long cited King Kong as his favourite film, and around the age of nine he attempted to remake it using his own stop-motion models.WEB,weblink Interview: Peter Jackson on King Kong, Gorilla Nation, 5 December 2005, 27 May 2009, Paul Fischer, {{dead link|date=March 2018 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }} Also, as a child Jackson made a WWII epic called "The Dwarf Patrol" seen on the Bad Taste bonus disc which featured his first special effect of poking pinholes in the film for gun shots, and a James Bond spoof named Coldfinger.WEB,weblink Salute Your Shorts: Peter Jackson's "Forgotten Silver", Paste Magazine, 11 December 2009, Sean, Gandert, 26 May 2010, Most notable though was a 20-minute short called The Valley, which won him a special prize because of the shots he used.In school, Jackson expressed no interest in sports. His classmates also remember him wearing a duffle coat with "an obsession verging on religious". He had no formal training in film-making, but learned about editing, special effects and make-up largely through his own trial and error. As a young adult, Jackson discovered the work of author J. R. R. Tolkien after watching The Lord of the Rings (1978), an animated film by Ralph Bakshi that was a part-adaptation of Tolkien's fantasy trilogy.NEWS,weblink Peter Jackson's trip from splatstick to RAF, Baillie, Russell, 29 October 2006, The New Zealand Herald, 2 November 2011, When he was 16 years old, Jackson left school and began working full-time as a photo-engraver for a Wellington newspaper, The Evening Post. For the seven years he worked there, Jackson lived at home with his parents so he could save as much money as possible to spend on film equipment. After two years of work Jackson bought a 16 mm camera, and began shooting a film that later became Bad Taste.WEB,weblink interview, 3 June 2006, Achievement.org, 26 May 2009, 25 December 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20161011195145weblink">weblink 11 October 2016, dmy-all,

Influences and inspirations

Jackson has long cited several films as influences. It is well known that Jackson has a passion for King Kong, often citing it as his favourite film and as the film that inspired him early in his life. Jackson recalls attempting to remake King Kong when he was 12. At the 2009 San Diego Comic-Con International, while being interviewed alongside Avatar and Titanic director James Cameron, Jackson said certain films gave him a "kick". He mentioned Martin Scorsese's crime films Goodfellas and Casino, remarking on "something about those particular movies and the way Martin Scorsese just fearlessly rockets his camera around and has shot those films that I can watch those movies and feel inspired."WEB,weblink Peter Jackson Inspiration, Youtube, 2 February 2013, Jackson said the 1970 film Waterloo inspired him in his youth.WEB,weblink Peter Jackson Inspiration 2, Youtube, 2 February 2013, Other influences include George Romero and Sam Raimi.WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2011-09-23, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140911063435weblink">weblink 11 September 2014, dmy-all,

Career

Splatter phase

Jackson's first feature was Bad Taste, a haphazard fashion splatter comedy, which included many of Jackson's friends acting and working on it for free. Shooting was normally done in the weekends since Jackson was then working full-time. Bad Taste is about aliens that come to earth with the intention of turning humans into food. Jackson had two acting roles including a famous scene in which he fights himself on top of a cliff. The film was finally completed thanks to a late injection of finance from the New Zealand Film Commission, after Jim Booth, the body's executive director, became convinced of Jackson's talent (Booth later left the Commission to become Jackson's producer). In May 1987, Bad Taste was unveiled at the Cannes Film Festival, where rights to the film quickly sold to twelve countries."Lord of the cinema" {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20111016065003weblink |date=16 October 2011 }}, achievement.orgAround this time, Jackson began working on writing a number of film scripts, in varied collaborative groupings with playwright Stephen Sinclair, writer Fran Walsh and writer/actor Danny Mulheron. Walsh would later become his life partner. Some of the scripts from this period, including a sequel to A Nightmare on Elm Street, have never been made into movies; the proposed zombie film Braindead underwent extensive rewrites.Jackson's next film to see release was Meet the Feebles (1989), co-written with Sinclair, Walsh and Mulheron. An ensemble musical comedy starring Muppet-style puppets, Meet the Feebles originally began as a short film intended for television, but was rapidly expanded into a full-length film after unanticipated enthusiasm from Japanese investors, and the collapse of Braindead, six weeks before filming. Begun on a very low budget, Meet the Feebles went weeks over schedule. Jackson stated of his second feature-length film, "It's got a quality of humour that alienates a lot of people.. It's very black, very satirical, very savage."Ian Pryor, "Meet the Feebles", Evening Post, 24 August 1989, p. 25. Feebles marked Jackson's first collaboration with special effects team Richard Taylor and Tania Rodger, who would later work on all Jackson's movies. Jackson's next release was the horror comedy Braindead (1992) (released in North America as Dead Alive).WEB, Rosenbaum, Jonathan,weblink Dead Alive, Chicago Reader, 3 October 2015,

Heavenly Creatures and Forgotten Silver

Released in 1994 after Jackson won a race to bring the story to the screen, Heavenly Creatures marked a major change for Jackson in terms of both style and tone. The film is based on the real Parker–Hulme murder case in which two teenage girls in 1950s Christchurch became close friends and later murdered the mother of one of the girls. It was Fran Walsh that persuaded him that these events had the makings of a movie;BOOK, Pryor, Ian, Peter Jackson: From Prince of Splatter to Lord of the Rings, {{Google books, Sb5ZAwAAQBAJ, 466, yes, |page=466}} Jackson has been quoted saying that the film "only got made" because of her enthusiasm for the subject matter.Webster, Andy (1996). "The Frightener" [Cover: "The Twisted Genius Behind 'The Frighteners'"], Premiere (magazine, U.S.; discontinued), August, pp. 33-37, esp. p. 26. No online archive of magazine or article available (October 2015). The film's fame coincided with the New Zealand media tracking down the real-life Juliet Hulme, who now writes books under the name Anne Perry. Jackson hired actresses Melanie Lynskey and Kate Winslet in the roles of Parker and Hulme. Heavenly Creatures received considerable critical acclaim, including an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Screenplay and making top ten of the year lists in Time, The Guardian, The Sydney Morning Herald, and The New Zealand Herald. The success of Heavenly Creatures won Jackson attention from US company Miramax, who promoted the film vigorously in America and signed the director to a first-look deal.BOOK, Thompson, Kristin, The Frodo Franchise: The Lord of the Rings and Modern Hollywood, {{Google books, 1odPDYvGBygC, 22, yes, |page=22}}The following year, in collaboration with Wellington film-maker Costa Botes, Jackson co-directed the mockumentary Forgotten Silver (1995). This ambitious made-for-television piece told the story of New Zealand film pioneer Colin McKenzie, who had supposedly invented colour film and 'talkies', and attempted an epic film of Salome before being forgotten by the world. Though the programme played in a slot normally reserved for drama, no other warning was given that it was fictionalised and many viewers were outraged at discovering Colin McKenzie had never existed.WEB,weblink Observations on film art and Film Art, David Bordwell, 27 March 2007, WEB, Craig, Hight,weblink Forgotten Silver, Mock-documentary: the subversion of factuality, Screen and Media Studies Department, University of Waikato, New Zealand, 27 March 2007, Derived from BOOK, Roscoe, Jane, Craig Hight, Faking It: Mock-documentary and the subversion of factuality,weblink 2001, Manchester University Press, Manchester, UK, 0-7190-5641-1, The number of people who believed the increasingly improbable story provides testimony to Jackson and Botes' skill at playing on New Zealand's national myth of a nation of innovators and forgotten trail-blazers.Geoff Chapple, 'Gone, not forgotten', New Zealand Listener, 25 November 1995, p.26.

Hollywood, Weta, and the Film Commission

The success of Heavenly Creatures helped pave the way for Jackson's first big budget Hollywood film, The Frighteners starring Michael J. Fox, in 1996. Jackson was given permission to make this comedy/horror film entirely in New Zealand despite being set in a North American town. This period was a key one of change for both Jackson and Weta Workshop, the special effects company—born from the one-man contributions of George Port to Heavenly Creatures — with which Jackson is often associated. Weta, initiated by Jackson and key collaborators, grew rapidly during this period to incorporate both digital and physical effects, make-up and costumes, the first two areas normally commanded by Jackson collaborator Richard Taylor.BOOK, Leotta, Alfio, Peter Jackson, {{Google books, Gua2CgAAQBAJ, 229, yes, |page=229}}WEB,weblink The History of Weta Workshop, wetaworkshop.com, 24 March 2016, The Frighteners was regarded as a commercial failure.BOOK, Tasker, Yvonne, Fifty Contemporary Film Directors, {{Google books, 9IxaBwAAQBAJ, 202, yes, |page=202}} Film critic Roger Ebert expressed disappointment stating that "incredible effort has resulted in a film that looks more like a demo reel than a movie".WEB, Roger Ebert,weblink The Frighteners, rogerebert.com, 19 July 1996, 24 March 2016, In February 1997, Jackson launched legal proceedings against the New Zealand Listener magazine for defamation, over a review of The Frighteners which claimed that the film was "built from the rubble of other people's movies".Philip Matthews, "Spectral Steel", New Zealand Listener, 14 December 1996MAGAZINE, Heal, Andrew, December 1997, Horror Story, New Zealand, Metro, 198, 24 March 2016, In the end, the case was not pursued further. Around this time Jackson's remake of King Kong was shelved by Universal Studios, partly because of Mighty Joe Young and Godzilla, both giant monster movies, that had already gone into production. Universal feared it would be thrown aside by the two higher budget movies.BOOK, Morton, Ray, King Kong: The History of a Movie Icon from Fay Wray to Peter Jackson, {{Google books, UPXbsJLVgCcC, 168, yes, |page=168}}This period of transition seems not to have been entirely a happy one; it also marked one of the high points of tension between Jackson and the New Zealand Film Commission since Meet the Feebles had gone over-budget earlier in his career. Jackson has claimed the Commission considered firing him from Feebles, though the NZFC went on to help fund his next three films. In 1997, the director submitted a lengthy criticism of the Commission for a magazine supplement meant to celebrate the body's 20th anniversary, criticising what he called inconsistent decision-making by inexperienced board members. The magazine felt that the material was too long and potentially defamatory to publish in that form; a shortened version of the material went on to appear in Metro magazine.Andrew Heal, "Horror Story", Metro, December 1997.{{full citation needed|date=October 2015}}WEB,weblink Peter Jackson to head Film Commission review, newshub.co.nz, 19 June 2009, 24 March 2016, WEB, John Drinnan,weblink Media: ASB Bank begins life after Goldstein, nzherald.co.nz, 12 November 2010, 24 March 2016, BOOK, Pryor, Ian, Peter Jackson: From Prince of Splatter to Lord of the Rings, {{Google books, Sb5ZAwAAQBAJ, 231, yes, |page=321}} In the Metro article Jackson criticized the Commission over funding decisions concerning a film he was hoping to executive produce, but refused to drop a client-confidentiality clause that allowed them to publicly reply to his criticisms.

The Lord of the Rings

File:Peter Jackson01.jpg|thumb|left|upright|Jackson in 2003, at the premiere of (The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King) in WellingtonWellingtonJackson won the rights to film Tolkien's epic in 1997 after meeting with producer Saul Zaentz. Originally working with Miramax towards a two-film production, Jackson was later pressured to render the story as a single film,WEB,weblink Saul Zaentz tells the story of how the Rings films were born, theonering.net, 22 May 2001, 24 March 2016, WEB, Rüdiger Sturm,weblink Herr der Ringe-Produzent Saul Zaentz: "Wir waren total glückliche Arschlöcher", spiegel.de, 18 May 2001, 24 March 2016, and finally overcame a tight deadline by making a last-minute deal with New Line, who were keen on a trilogy.WEB, Patrick Goldstein,weblink New Line Gambles on Becoming Lord of the 'Rings', latimes.com, 24 August 1998, 24 March 2016, Principal photography stretched from 11 October 1999 to 22 December 2000 with extensive location filming across New Zealand. With the benefit of extended post-production and extra periods of shooting before each film's release, the series met huge success and sent Jackson's popularity soaring. (The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King|The Return of the King) itself met with huge critical acclaim, winning eleven Oscars, including Best Picture and Best Director. The film was the first of the fantasy film genre to win the award for Best Picture and was the second sequel to win Best Picture (the first being The Godfather Part II). Jackson's mother, Joan, died three days before the release of the first movie in the trilogy, (The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring|The Fellowship of the Ring). There was a special showing of the film after her funeral.weblink {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110417153842weblink|date=17 April 2011}}Following The Return of the King, Jackson lost a large amount of weight, over {{convert|50|lb|kg}}. In The Daily Telegraph, he attributed his weight loss to his diet. He said, "I just got tired of being overweight and unfit, so I changed my diet from hamburgers to yogurt and muesli and it seems to work."WEB,weblink Peter Jackson's muesli diet secret, Kongisking.net, 3 October 2015,

King Kong

Universal Studios signed Jackson for a second time to remake the 1933 classic King Kong—the film that inspired him to become a film director as a child.WEB,weblink 'King Kong': Peter Jackson's labor of love – Dateline NBC | NBC News, MSNBC, 29 February 2004, 3 October 2015, He was reportedly paid a fee of US$20 million upfront, the highest salary ever paid to date to a film director in advance of production, against a 20 percent take of the box-office rentals (the portion of the price of the ticket that goes to the film distributor, in this case Universal). The film was released on 14 December 2005, and grossed around US$550 million worldwide.WEB,weblink King Kong (2005), Box Office Mojo, 3 October 2015,

Crossing the Line

In 2007, Jackson directed a short film entitled Crossing the Line, to test a new model of digital cinema camera, the RED ONE. The film takes place during World War I, and was shot in two days. "Crossing the Line" was shown at NAB 2007 (the USA National Association of Broadcasters). Clips of the film can be found at Reduser.net.WEB,weblink RedUser.net, RedUser.net, 24 March 2010,

The Lovely Bones

Jackson completed an adaptation of Alice Sebold's bestseller, The Lovely Bones, which was released in the United States on 11 December 2009.WEB,weblink The Lovely Bones Is Fit for a Queen, Dreadcentral.com, 15 October 2009, 24 March 2010, Jackson has said the film was a welcome relief from his larger-scale epics. The storyline's combination of fantasy aspects and themes of murder bears some similarities to Heavenly Creatures. The film ended up receiving generally mixed reviews and middling box office returns.

The Hobbit

Jackson's involvement in the making of a film version of The Hobbit has a long and chequered history. In November 2006, a letter from Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh stated that due to an ongoing legal dispute between Wingnut Films (Jackson's production company) and New Line Cinema, Jackson would not be directing the film.NEWS, xoanon, Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh talk The Hobbit, TheOneRing.net, 19 November 2006,weblink 2 January 2010, New Line Cinema's head Robert Shaye commented that Jackson "...will never make any movie with New Line Cinema again while I'm still working at the company...".NEWS,weblink New Line boss hits out at Peter Jackson, 12 January 2007, Agence France-Presse, AFP, NZPA, The New Zealand Herald, 2 November 2011, This prompted an online call for a boycott of New Line Cinema,NEWS,weblink McKellen 'sad' that Jackson may not make Hobbit, 23 November 2006, Reuters, The New Zealand Herald, 2 November 2011, and by August 2007 Shaye was trying to repair his working relationship.NEWS,weblink Hobbit studio sweet-talks Jackson, 11 August 2007, The Dominion Post (Wellington), The Dominion Post, 2 November 2011, On 18 December 2007, it was announced that Jackson and New Line Cinema had reached agreement to make two prequels, both based on The Hobbit, and to be released in 2012 and 2013 with Jackson as a writer and executive producer and Guillermo del Toro directing.WEB,weblink Press Release: Announcing The Hobbit, 29 December 2007, Press Release, NEWS,weblink Del Toro to take charge of The Hobbit, 3 January 2008, guardian.co.uk, 2 January 2010, London, UK, In early 2010, del Toro dropped out due to production delaysNEWS, Why Guillermo del Toro left 'The Hobbit' – and Peter Jackson will not replace him as director,weblink 31 May 2010, Entertainment Weekly, 31 May 2010, Adam Vary, and a month later Jackson was back in negotiations to direct The Hobbit;WEB,weblink Peter Jackson in negotiations for 'The Hobbit', Nicole Sperling, yes,weblink 19 November 2012, dmy-all, and on 15 October he was finalised as the directorNEWS, Cieply, Michael, Peter Jackson’s Deal for ‘The Hobbit’ Is Finalized,weblink New York Times, 15 October 2010, NEWS,weblinkweblink" title="wayback.archive-it.org/all/20110207205905weblink">weblink yes, 7 February 2011, Peter Jackson to direct The Hobbit in 3-D, The Dominion Post, Tom Cardy, 16 October 2010, 27 October 2010, dmy-all, —with New Zealand confirmed as the location a couple of weeks later.NEWS,weblink Hobbit to stay in NZ, Cheng, Derek, 27 October 2010, The New Zealand Herald, 2 November 2011, The film started production on 20 March 2011. On 30 July 2012, Jackson announced on his Facebook page that the two planned Hobbit movies would be expanded into a trilogy. He wrote that the third film would not act as a bridge between The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings films, but would continue to expand The Hobbit story by using material found in the Lord of the Rings Appendices.WEB, Peter Jackson Confirms Third 'Hobbit' Film,weblink 2 August 2012,

Current and future projects

Jackson had talked of producing films for others as early as 1995, but a number of factors slowed developments in this regard, including the failure of Jack Brown Genius (1995). After he became a force in Hollywood, he has engaged in a number of ventures in filmmaking and other areas, several of which are still in development.

Mortal Engines

In late December 2009, Jackson announced his interest in the movie adaptation of the novel Mortal Engines.WEB, Barton, Steve,weblink Peter Jackson Revving His Mortal Engines, Dread Central, 23 December 2009, 3 October 2015, In October 2016, Jackson announced that the film would be his next project as producer and co-writer, alongside Fran Walsh and Philippa Boyens once again. The script will be directed by his long-time collaborator Christian Rivers.WEB, Evans, Alan,weblink Peter Jackson to produce film based on Mortal Engines books, The Guardian, 25 October 2016, 25 October 2016, NEWS,weblink Peter Jackson to produce film based on Mortal Engines books, Evans, Alan, 2016-10-25, The Guardian, en-GB, 0261-3077, 2016-10-25, NEWS,weblink Peter Jackson to try his hand at dystopian YA films with Mortal Engines, 2016-10-25, 2016-10-25, The film will star Robert Sheehan, Hera Hilmar, Hugo Weaving, Jihae, Leila George, Ronan Raftery, and Stephen Lang. It is scheduled for release in theatres on December 14, 2018weblink

The Dam Busters

Jackson was set to produce a remake of The Dam Busters, to be directed by longtime Weta designer Christian Rivers. Stephen Fry has written a screenplay.NEWS,weblink Peter Jackson to film Dam Busters, BBC News, 31 August 2006, WEB, Aviles, Omar,weblink Fry writes Dambusters, Joblo.com, 28 May 2007, 24 March 2010, Originally scheduled for filming by 2009,WEB, The Dominion Post,weblink Dambusters filming set for next year, stuff.co.nz, 29 June 2008, 24 March 2016, the project has been postponed. However, Jackson still holds movie rights as of October 2017.WEB, Paul Gallagher,weblink The Dam Busters: Will Peter Jackson's remake of the iconic film ever get off the ground?, independent.co.uk, 5 August 2015, 24 March 2016,

Halo

Jackson and his newly formed studio Wingnut Interactive have worked a project being developed by Microsoft Game Studios in collaboration with Bungie; the project is officially titled (Halo: Chronicles) but little else is known about its nature.Jackson was set to produce a $128 million movie version of the science fiction video game series Halo to be developed and released by Universal Studios and 20th Century Fox. In October 2006, the film was postponed indefinitely when financial backers withdrew their support,NEWS,weblink Jackson Says He Won't Be Making `Hobbit', 21 November 2006, Comcast.net, Associated Press, WEB,weblink Xbox Family â€” Home, N4g.com, 24 March 2010, {{dead link|date=March 2018 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }} although it was never officially cancelled. In June 2008, Jackson commented that, "With upcoming developments (Halo: Chronicles), I wouldn't know when to expect a movie, and I'm the producer." Instead, Jackson worked with Halo's planned director Neill Blomkamp on science fiction project District 9, which proved a box office hit and was nominated for an Oscar for Best Picture.NEWS,weblink Peter Jackson gears up for 'District', Michael Fleming, 1 November 2007, Variety (magazine), Variety, 17 November 2007,

Temeraire

Jackson has also won the rights to a film adaptation of the fantasy novel series Temeraire, a novel written by Naomi Novik about dragons being used in combat in the Napoleonic Wars concerning a dragon named Temeraire and his captain, Will Laurence. It remains to be seen if he will direct it.NEWS,weblink Temeraire on Warpath, 12 September 2006, IGN.com,

Tintin franchise

File:PeterJacksonCCJuly09.jpg|thumb|right|upright|Jackson at the 2009 San Diego Comic-Con InternationalSan Diego Comic-Con InternationalJackson was one of three producers on (The Adventures of Tintin (film)|The Adventures of Tintin: The Secret of the Unicorn), directed by Steven Spielberg and released in 2011. He is officially credited as producer but before he began working on (The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey|The Hobbit), helped Spielberg direct the film. Jamie Bell and Andy Serkis were cast due to their collaboration with Peter Jackson on King Kong and The Lord of the Rings. Spielberg also chose to work with Peter Jackson due to the impressive digital work on the Lord of the Rings films, and knew Peter Jackson's company Weta Workshop would make his vision a reality. It received positive reviews and grossed $374 million at the box office.In December 2011, Spielberg said that a sequel would be made.WEB, Spielberg announces new Tintin movie,weblink Google News, 13 December 2011, 13 December 2011, Spielberg said that the Thompson detectives would "have a much bigger role". The sequel would be produced by Spielberg and directed by Jackson. Kathleen Kennedy said the script might be done by February or March 2012 and motion-captured in summer 2012, so that the movie would be on track to be released by Christmas 2014 or mid-2015.WEB, Producer Kathleen Kennedy Talks JURASSIC PARK 4, a 3D Re-Release for JURASSIC PARK, and the TINTIN Sequel,weblink collider.com, Adam Chitwood, 7 January 2012, 4 December 2011, In February 2012, Spielberg said that a story outline for the sequel had been completed. In December 2012, Jackson said that the Tintin schedule was to shoot performance-capture in 2013, aiming for a release in 2015.WEB, Connelly, Brendon, Peter Jackson Won’t Finish Hobbit Before Shooting Next Tintin,weblink Bleeding Cool, 12 December 2012, 12 December 2012, On 12 March 2013, Spielberg said, "Don't hold me to it, but we're hoping the film will come out around Christmas-time in 2015. We know which books we're making, we can't share that now but we're combining two books which were always intended to be combined by Herge."NEWS,weblink Steven Spielberg plans film based on Indo-Pak border, The Times of India, 12 March 2013, 12 March 2013, Singh, Vikas, Srijana Mitra Das, In December 2014, Peter Jackson said that the Tintin sequel would be made "at some point soon", although he intended to focus on directing two New Zealand films before that.WEB, Alex Suskind,weblink ‘No Regrets’: Peter Jackson Says Goodbye to Middle-Earth, The Daily Beast, 3 October 2015, The following year, Anthony Horowitz, who was hired as the sequel's screenwriter even before the release of the first film,WEB,weblink The Sequel To The Adventures Of Tintin Has A Script, Now Waiting On Peter Jackson, 20 March 2014, wegotthiscovered.com, stated that he was no longer working on the sequel, and was unsure if it was still being made.WEB,weblink Anthony Horowitz webchat – post your questions now, The Guardian, 13 November 2015, In June 2016, Spielberg confirmed that the sequel was still in development, but Jackson is working on a secret project in the meantime.WEB,weblink Peter Jackson Working on a Secret Project with Steven Spielberg, But It's Not Adventures of Tintin 2, 30 June 2016, slashfilm.com,

Games

Jackson was set to make games with Microsoft Game Studios, a partnership announced on 27 September 2006, at X06.WEB,weblink X06: Halo Wars revealed at Microsoft briefing, Uk.gamespot.com, 27 September 2006, 24 March 2010, Specifically, Jackson and Microsoft were teaming together to form a new studio called Wingnut Interactive.NEWS,weblink X06: Peter Jackson Forms a Game Studio, 1UP.com, 27 September 2006, In collaboration with Bungie, he was to co-write, co-design and co-produce a new game taking place in the Halo universe – tentatively called (Halo: Chronicles). On 27 July 2009, in an interview about his new movie (as producer) District 9, he announced that (Halo: Chronicles) had been cancelled, while Microsoft confirmed that the game is "on hold". Jackson's game studio Wingnut Interactive is now at work on original intellectual property.WEB,weblink Peter Jackson's game studio to work on original IP, Comic-con.gamespot.com, 28 July 2009, 24 March 2010,

Charitable activities

Jackson has given NZ$500,000 to stem cell research.NEWS,weblink Peter Jackson gives $500,000 for stem cell research, New Zealand Herald, 15 July 2006, 24 March 2010, Kent, Atkinson, He purchased a church in the Wellington suburb of Seatoun for about $10 million, saving it from demolition.NEWS,weblink Stella Maris Retreat Centre and Chapel saved, Scoop (website), Scoop, 12 September 2007, 18 October 2007, He also contributes his expertise to 48HOURS, a New Zealand film-making competition, through annually selecting 3 "Wildcards" for the National Final.Jackson, a World War I aviation enthusiast, is chair of the 14–18 Aviation Heritage Trust.WEB,weblink New Zealand Aircraft History, Nzs.com, 3 October 2015, He donated his services and provided replica aircraft to create a 10-minute multimedia display called Over the Front for the Australian War Memorial in 2008.NEWS,weblink Jackson behind War Memorial display, ABC News, 16 September 2008, He contributed to the defense fund for the West Memphis Three.NEWS,weblink The Hollywood Reporter, Pip, Bulbeck, Peter Jackson Helped West Memphis Three Defense, 22 August 2011, In 2011, Jackson and Walsh purchased 1 Kent Terrace, the home of BATS Theatre in Wellington, effectively securing the theatre's future.WEB,weblink Stuff.co.nz, 2011,

Other activities

Jackson spent $5 million to purchase 20 hectares of land in Wairarapa, a property containing a mansion, private lake, tunnel and the interior of Bag End from The Lord of the Rings.In 2009, he purchased a Gulfstream G550 jet; his total net worth is estimated by National Business Review at NZ$450 million.NEWS,weblink Peter Jackson's jet set upgrade, Rebecca Lewis, 12 April 2009, The New Zealand Herald, 11 April 2009, Jackson owns an aircraft restoration and manufacturing company, The Vintage Aviator, which is dedicated to World War I and World War II fighter planes among other planes from the 1920s and 1930s. He is chairman of the Omaka Aviation Heritage Trust, which hosts a biennial air show.NEWS,weblink Peter Jackson causes stir, Tammy Buckley, 13 April 2009, Stuff, 14 April 2009, Fairfax New Zealand, He owns a scale modeling company Wingnut Wings that specializes in World War One subjects.NEWS,weblink Wingnut Wings About Us,

Style

{{BLP sources section|date=October 2015}}Jackson is known for his attention to detail, a habit of shooting scenes from many angles, a macabre sense of humour, and a general playfulness—the latter to a point that The Lord of the Rings conceptual designer Alan Lee jokingly remarked, "the film is almost incidental really"."Big-atures" Rotk{{clarify|date=October 2015}} see DVD Documentary.{{full citation needed|date=October 2015}}{{full citation needed|date=October 2015}}Jackson was a noted perfectionist on the Lord of the Rings shoot, where he demanded numerous takes of scenes, requesting additional takes by repeatedly saying, "one more for luck".Cameras in Middle-earth: The Fellowship of the Ring, Special Extended Edition DVD Documentary. Actor Christopher Lee remarks about having twelve takes for one scene, before being told by Ian McKellen he did 24 takes for two lines the previous day.{{full citation needed|date=October 2015}}WEB,weblink Peter Jackson Icon of the Month, siad.in, 25 March 2016, Jackson is also renowned within the New Zealand film industry for his insistence on "coverage"—shooting a scene from as many angles as possible, giving him more options during editing. Jackson has been known to spend days shooting a single scene. This is evident in his work where even scenes featuring simple conversations often feature a wide array of multiple camera angles and shot-sizes as well as zooming closeups on characters' faces. One of his most common visual trademarks is shooting close-ups of actors with wide-angle lenses.WEB, Darcy Corrigan,weblink Peter Jackson Film Analysis Part 3: Camera Angles and Shot-sizes, wordpress.com, 26 April 2015, 10 March 2016, He was an early user of computer enhancement technology and provided digital special effects to a number of Hollywood films.BOOK, Leotta, Alfio, Peter Jackson, {{Google books, Gua2CgAAQBAJ, 159, yes, |page=159}}

Cameo roles

{{BLP sources section|date=October 2015}}{{original research|section|date=October 2015}}Jackson is one of the lead actors in two of his films: in Bad Taste, he plays two characters named Derek and Robert, even engaging them both in a fight.BOOK, Leotta, Alfio, Peter Jackson, {{Google books, Gua2CgAAQBAJ, 124, yes, |page=124}} In the mockumentary Forgotten Silver, he plays his own role.BOOK, Leotta, Alfio, Peter Jackson, {{Google books, Gua2CgAAQBAJ, 129, yes, |page=129}}However he appears in most films he directed,WEB, Ann Lee,weblink Peter Jackson’s Lord Of The Rings and Hobbit cameos brought to life in GIFsdate=15 January 2014 Alfred Hitchcock had done:HTTP://HITCHCOCK.TV/CAM/CAMEOS2.HTML WEBSITE=HITCHCOCK.TVACCESSDATE=24 MARCH 2016, LEOTTA>FIRST=ALFIOURL={{GOOGLE BOOKSPAGE=123page=123}}DAVID PARKINSON >URL=HTTPS://WWW.THEGUARDIAN.COM/FILM/FILMBLOG/2009/JAN/20/NOTORIOUS-HITCHCOCK-CAMEO WEBSITE=THEGUARDIAN.COM ACCESSDATE=10 MARCH 2016,
  • In Meet the Feebles, Jackson appears as an audience member disguised as one of the aliens from Bad Taste.
  • In Braindead, he is the mortician's assistant.
  • In Heavenly Creatures, he is the tramp who gets kissed by Juliet Hulme.
  • In The Frighteners, Jackson is a biker bumped into by Frank Bannister.
  • In The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, Jackson plays a drunken, carrot-chomping citizen of Bree when the four hobbits are entering in town.
  • In The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, he plays a spear-throwing defender of Helm's Deep.
  • In his significant cameo in The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King he is seen as the boatswain of a murderous corsair ship. This character is seen very briefly in the theatrical version. In the extended version he is onscreen for a longer period and is accidentally killed by Legolas's "warning shot". A detailed action figure of Jackson was made of this character in the same line as the rest of the Lord of the Rings toys. Jackson actually makes two cameos in Return of the King: during the scene of Shelob's Lair, where Sam's hands (i.e. Jackson's) are seen entering the shot as Shelob is wrapping Frodo in webbing. This was due to Sean Astin's temporary absence, and Jackson wanted to progress the production of the scene as much as possible, even without the actor.BOOK, Oliver, Sarah, A-Z of JRR Tolkien's The Hobbit: An Unendorsed, Colourful and Critical Guide, {{Google books, ODz0UETrcOkC, 90, yes, |page=90}}
  • Jackson appears in his version of King Kong as a biplane gunner attacking Kong in New York, reprising the cameo which original King Kong filmmaker Merian C. Cooper made in the original 1933 film.
  • In The Lovely Bones, he appears as a customer in a camera store playing with a camera.
  • In The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, Jackson plays one of the dwarves escaping from Erebor after Smaug has attacked.WEB,weblink Peter Jackson Talks The Dambusters, 15 December 2012,
  • In The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug, he appears as a drunken, carrot-chomping citizen of Bree, much like his appearance in The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring.WEB, Ann Lee,weblink Peter Jackson’s Lord Of The Rings and Hobbit cameos brought to life in GIFs, metro.co.uk, 14 January 2014, 24 March 2016,
  • At the end of The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies, when Bilbo Baggins restores the fallen portraits of his parents, Bungo Baggins and Belladonna Took, to the wall from which they had fallen or been removed, Jackson and his partner have cameos as Bungo and Belladonna, as the portraits were painted in their likeness.Jackson and Walsh note this in the DVD commentary of the film's Extended Edition.
He has also made cameos in several films not directed by him. In the opening sequence of Hot Fuzz (2007), he played a demented man dressed as Father Christmas, who stabs Nicholas Angel (played by Simon Pegg) in the hand.WEB,weblink Hot Fuzz review, Jason, Zingale, 30 April 2008, Jackson's eldest son, Billy (born 1995), has made cameo appearances in almost every one of his father's films since his birth, namely The Frighteners, The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, King Kong, The Lovely Bones, and the third film of The Hobbit trilogy. His daughter, Katie (born 1996), appears in all the above films except The Frighteners. Walsh makes a short cameo in The Frighteners as a woman walking next to Cyrus and Stuar just prior the scene featuring their son Billy.Audio commentary, 4-disc special edition, The Frighteners.{{full citation needed|date=October 2015}}{{full citation needed|date=October 2015}}

Other appearances

Jackson had a cameo on the HBO show Entourage in 5 August 2007 episode, "Gary's Desk", in which he offers a business proposal to Eric Murphy, manager to the lead character, Vincent Chase.WEB, The Dominion Post,weblink Jackson wears skin-tight suit in Entourage cameo, stuff.co.nz, 8 August 2007, 25 March 2016, Jackson appears as himself in the 2013 Doctor Who 50th anniversary spoof The Five(ish) Doctors Reboot, alongside Sir Ian McKellen.WEB,weblink The Five(ish) Doctors Reboot, BBC, 23 November 2013, 3 October 2015,

Personal life

Jackson and his partner Fran Walsh, a New Zealand screenwriter, film producer and lyricist, have two children, Billy (born 1995) and Katie (born 1996). Walsh has contributed to all of Jackson's films since 1989, as co-writer since Meet the Feebles, and as producer since (The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring). She won three Academy Awards in 2003, for Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Original Song, all for (The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King). She has received seven Oscar nominations.WEB, Brooks Barnes,weblink Middle-Earth Wizard’s Not-So-Silent Partner, nytimes.com, 30 November 2012, 25 March 2016, Jackson is an avid aviation enthusiast and owns a collection of over 40 airworthy World War I-era warbirds housed at Hood Aerodrome near Masterton,NEWS, jeremy, Kahn,weblink Peter Jackson dogfighting over vintage warbirds, New Zealand Herald, 23 September 2014, and a Gulfstream G650 in Wellington.WEB,weblink Jackson takes to skies in $80m style, MATT, NIPPERT, 28 May 2013, Stuff (magazine), Stuff, 18 August 2017, As well as this, Omaka Aviation Heritage Centre presents the Knights of the Sky exhibition, featuring Jackson’s own collection of WW1 aircraft and artifacts. This story of aviation in the Great War is brought to life in sets created by the internationally acclaimed talent of WingNut Films and Weta Workshop.WEB,weblink Omaka Aviation Heritage Centre Blenheim, New Zealand, omaka.org.nz, WEB,weblink Omaka's Knights of the Sky – Marlborough, New Zealand, newzealand.com,

Awards and honours

Awards and nominations {| class"wikitable sortable"

! Year! Award! Category! Title! Result| 1995Academy AwardsAcademy Award for Best Original Screenplay>Best Original Screenplay| Heavenly Creatures| {{nom}}2002Academy Award for Best Picture>Best Picture(The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring)| {{nom}}Academy Award for Best Director>Best Director| {{nom}}Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay>Best Adapted Screenplay| {{nom}}| 2003| Best Picture| (The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers)| {{nom}}2004| Best Picture(The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King)| {{Won}}| Best Director| {{Won}}| Best Adapted Screenplay| {{Won}}| 2010| Best Picture| District 9| {{nom}}| 2002Australian Film Institute AwardsBest Foreign Film| The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring| {{Won}}| 2003| The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers| {{Won}}| 2004| The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King| {{Won}}2002British Academy Film AwardsBAFTA Award for Best Film>Best FilmThe Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring| {{Won}}BAFTA Award for Best Direction>David Lean Award for Direction| {{Won}}BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay>Best Adapted Screenplay| {{nom}}2003| Best FilmThe Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers| {{nom}}| David Lean Award for Direction| {{nom}}2004| Best FilmThe Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King| {{Won}}| David Lean Award for Direction| {{nom}}| Best Adapted Screenplay| {{Won}}| 2002Critics' Choice AwardsBest Director| The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring| {{nom}}| 2004| The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King| {{Won}}| 2006King Kong (2005 film)>King Kong| {{nom}}| 2002Directors Guild of America AwardsOutstanding Directing – Motion Pictures| The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring| {{nom}}| 2003| The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers| {{nom}}| 2004| The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King| {{Won}}| 2002Empire AwardsBest Director| The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring| {{nom}}| 2003| The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers| {{nom}}| 2004| The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King| {{nom}}| 2006| King Kong| {{nom}}| 2013| The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey| {{nom}}| 2014| The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug| {{nom}}| 2015| The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies| {{nom}}| 2002Golden Globe AwardsBest Director| The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring| {{nom}}| 2003| The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers| {{nom}}| 2004| The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King| {{Won}}| 2006| King Kong| {{nom}}1993New Zealand Film and TV Awards| Best Director – FilmBraindead| {{Won}}| Best Screenplay – Film| {{Won}}| 1995 Best Director – Film| Heavenly Creatures| {{Won}}| 2002Producers Guild of America AwardsOutstanding Producer of Theatrical Motion Picture| The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring| {{nom}}| 2003| The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers| {{nom}}| 2004| The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King| {{Won}}| 2010| District 9| {{nom}}| 2011| Outstanding Producer of Animated Theatrical Motion Picture(The Adventures of Tintin (film)>The Adventures of Tintin: The Secret of the Unicorn)| {{Won}}1997Saturn AwardsSaturn Award for Best Direction>Best DirectorThe Frighteners| {{nom}}Saturn Award for Best Writing>Best Writing| {{nom}}2002| Best DirectorThe Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring| {{Won}}| Best Writing| {{nom}}2003| Best DirectorThe Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers| {{nom}}| Best Writing| {{nom}}2004| Best DirectorThe Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King| {{Won}}| Best Writing| {{Won}}2006| Best DirectorKing Kong| {{Won}}| Best Writing| {{nom}}| 2013| Best Director| (The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey)| {{nom}}2014| Best Director(The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug)| {{nom}}| Best Writing| {{nom}}| 2015| Best Writing| (The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies)| {{nom}}| 1995Writers Guild of America AwardsWriters Guild of America Award for Best Original Screenplay>Best Original Screenplay| Heavenly Creatures| {{nom}}| 2002Best Adapted Screenplay| The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring| {{nom}}| 2004| The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King| {{nom}}

Honours

In the 2002 New Year Honours Jackson was appointed a Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit for services to film.WEB,weblink New Year Honours 2002, 31 December 2001, Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100521222744weblink">weblink 21 May 2010, dmy-all, In the 2010 New Year Honours, he was promoted to Knight Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit, also for services to film.NEWS,weblink Peter Jackson knighted in New Zealand, bbc.co.uk, 28 April 2010, 25 March 2016, The investiture ceremony took place at Premier House in Wellington on 28 April 2010.WEB,weblink New Year Honours 2010, 31 December 2009, Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100521222044weblink">weblink 21 May 2010, dmy-all, NEWS,weblink Better than the Oscars, says Sir Peter Jackson, Tan, Lucinda, 31 December 2009, New Zealand Herald, 30 December 2009, In the 2012 Queen's Birthday and Diamond Jubilee Honours Jackson was appointed a Member of the Order of New Zealand,WEB,weblink New Zealand Gazette, Dia.govt.nz, 3 October 2015, WEB, The Queen's Birthday and Diamond Jubilee Honours List 2012,weblink New Zealand Honours Lists, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, 29 June 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120604202359weblink">weblink 4 June 2012, dmy-all, NEWS,weblink Peter Jackson Makes Order of New Zealand, Dastgheib, Shabnam, 4 June 2012, Dominion Post, 4 June 2012, New Zealand's highest civilian honour.

Titles and styles

  • Mr Peter Robert Jackson 1961–2002
  • Mr Peter Robert Jackson {{post-nominals|country=NZL|CNZM}} 2002–2010
  • Sir Peter Robert Jackson {{post-nominals|country=NZL|KNZM}} 2010–2012
  • Sir Peter Robert Jackson {{post-nominals|country=NZL|ONZ|KNZM}} 2012–present.
">

Filmography {| class"wikitable"

! rowspan="2" | Year! rowspan="2" | Title! colspan="5" | Functioned as! Director! Writer! Producer! Notes| 1976The Valley (1976 film)>The Valley | {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}also cinematographer, editor, makeup designer, costume designer and special effects supervisor}}| 1987| Bad Taste| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}Also editor, makeup effects supervisor and special effects supervisor}}| 1989| Meet the Feebles| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}Also camera operator and puppet maker}}| 1989| Worzel Gummidge Down Under Balbous CauliflowerNo}}No}}No}}Also special effects}}1992| Valley of the Stereos No}}No}}| {{yes}}| Short filmBraindead (film)>Braindead | {{yes}}| {{yes}}No}}Also stop motion animator}}| 1994| Heavenly Creatures| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| Uncredited cameo: Bum outside theater | 1995| Forgotten Silver| {{yes}}| {{yes}}No}}| Role: Himself1996| Jack Brown GeniusNo}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}|| The Frighteners| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| Uncredited cameo: Man with piercings | 2001| (The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring)| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| Uncredited cameos: Albert Dreary eating carrot / painting of Bungo Baggins| 2002| (The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers)| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| Uncredited cameo: Rohan warrior throwing spear at the gate of Helms Deep2003| (The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King)| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| Uncredited cameo: Corsair of Umbar walking on deck| The Long and Short of It No}}No}}(executive)}}| Short filmRole: Bus driver| 2005King Kong (2005 film)>King Kong| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| Cameo: Biplane gunner 2007| Hot FuzzNo}}No}}No}}| Uncredited cameo: Thief dressed as Father Christmas Entourage (U.S. TV series)>Entourage No}}No}}No}}Entourage (season 4)>Gary's Desk"2008Crossing the Line (2008 film)>Crossing the Line | {{yes}}| {{yes}}No}}| Short film(Australian War Memorial#Memorial building>Over The Front: The Great War In The Air)weblink - Article about 'Over The Front: The Great War In The Air by Penny McLintock (Australian Broadcasting Corporation).| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| Documentary short film2009| District 9No}}No}}| {{yes}}|The Lovely Bones (film)>The Lovely Bones| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| Uncredited cameo: Man at pharmacy | 2011(The Adventures of Tintin (film)>The Adventures of Tintin: The Secret of the Unicorn)No}}No}}| {{yes}}|2012| West of MemphisNo}}No}}| {{yes}}|| (The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey)| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| Uncredited cameo: Dwarf fleeing from Smaug 2013| The Five(ish) Doctors RebootNo}}No}}No}}| Cameo: Himself | (The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug)| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| Uncredited cameo: Albert Dreary eating carrot | 2014| (The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies)| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| Uncredited cameo: Painting of Bungo Baggins 2018| Untitled WWI Documentary| {{yes}}No}}| {{yes}}| DocumentaryMortal Engines (film)>Mortal EnginesLEE>FIRST=ASHLEYURL=HTTP://WWW.HOLLYWOODREPORTER.COM/HEAT-VISION/PETER-JACKSONS-MORTAL-ENGINES-GETS-DECEMBER-2018-RELEASE-950436DATE=NOVEMBER 24, 2016, December 7, 2016, No}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}|

As director

Since 1994's Heavenly Creatures Peter Jackson's films have enjoyed success in the annual awards season, earning many nominations and winning several awards; The Frighteners being his only directed effort since 1994 not to be nominated for an Academy Award. The Lord of the Rings trilogy is one of the most successful trilogies of all time in terms of awards, winning more Academy Awards than the Francis Ford Coppola directed Godfather Trilogy, with 2003's The Return of the King winning in all 11 categories for which it was nominated including Best Picture, Director and Adapted Screenplay. Jackson's films have fared extremely well in the technical categories as well as the major categories; all three Lord of the Rings pictures as well as King Kong won the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects in their respective years. In total Jackson's directed efforts have been the most awarded films at three separate Academy Award ceremonies, the 74th, 76th and 78th.{| class="wikitable sortable"! Year! Film! Academy Award Nominations! Academy Award Wins! Golden Globe Nominations! Golden Globe Wins! BAFTA Nominations! BAFTA Wins| 1987|Bad Taste||||||| 1989| Meet the Feebles||||||| 1992Braindead (film)>Braindead| 1994| Heavenly Creatures1|||| 1996| The Frighteners| 2001| (The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring)1344135| 2002| (The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers)622103| 2003| (The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King)111144125| 2005King Kong (2005 film)>King Kong43231| 2009The Lovely Bones (film)>The Lovely Bones112| 2012| (The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey)33| 2013| (The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug)32| 2014| (The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies)11 style="border-top: 3px solid silver;" Total43201344614

See also

References

{{Reflist}}

Further reading

  • Bordoni, Andrea & Matteo Marino (2002). Peter Jackson. Milan, ITA: Il Castoro. {{ISBN|9788880332251}}. {{it icon}}
  • Sibley, Brian (2006). Peter Jackson: A Film-maker's Journey. Sydney, AUS: HarperCollins. {{ISBN|0-7322-8562-3}}.

External links

{{sisterlinks|d=no|s=no|v=no|b=no|wikt=no|species=no|voy=no|n=no}} {{Peter Jackson}}{{Navboxes|title = Awards for Peter Jackson|list ={{AcademyAwardBestDirector 2001–2020}}{{AcademyAwardBestAdaptedScreenplay 2001–2020}}{{BAFTA Award for Best Direction 1985–2009}}{{BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay 2000–2019}}{{Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Director}}{{DirectorsGuildofAmericaAwardFeatureFilm 2000–2019}}{{Golden Globe Award for Best Director 1991–2015}}{{London Film Critics Circle Award for Director of the Year}}{{Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Director}}{{MTV Movie Award for Best Action Sequence}}{{Nebula Award for Best Script/Bradbury Award 2001–2020}}{{Saturn Award for Best Director}}{{Saturn Award for Best Writing 1991–2010}}}}{{Order of New Zealand}}{{Authority control}}

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