Paul Davies

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Paul Davies
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{{other people}}{{EngvarB|date=August 2015}}{{Use dmy dates|date=August 2015}}

|birth_name = Paul Charles William Davies|image = Paul Davies 2016.jpg|caption = Davies in 2016df=yes4|22}}|birth_place = London, England|death_date = |death_place = |fields = Physicist Arizona State University University of Cambridge > University of Adelaide Macquarie University > Newcastle University}}|alma_mater = University College London M. J. Seaton{{MathGenealogy Sigurd Zienau}}date=May 2019}}| thesis_year = 1970Fred Hoyle (postdoctoral research>postdoctoral advisor) |doctoral_students = |notable_students = |known_for = Fulling–Davies–Unruh effectBunch–Davies vacuum state|author_abbrev_bot = |author_abbrev_zoo = |influences = |influenced = Templeton Prize (1995) Kelvin Medal (2001) > Faraday Prize (2002) | Klumpke-Roberts Award (2011)}}|signature = weblink}}}}Paul Charles William Davies {{post-nominals|country=AUS|AM}} (born 1946) is an English physicist, writer and broadcaster, a professor at Arizona State University as well as the Director of BEYOND: Center for Fundamental Concepts in Science. He is affiliated with the Institute for Quantum Studies at Chapman University in California. He has held previous academic appointments at the University of Cambridge, University College London, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, University of Adelaide and Macquarie University. His research interests are in the fields of cosmology, quantum field theory, and astrobiology. He proposed that a one-way trip to Mars could be a viable option.In 2005, he took up the chair of the SETI: Post-Detection Science and Technology Taskgroup of the International Academy of Astronautics. Davies serves on the Advisory Council of METI (Messaging Extraterrestrial Intelligence). He is also an adviser to the Microbes Mind Forum.


Born on 22 April 1946, Davies was brought up in Finchley, London. He attended Woodhouse Grammar School and then studied physics at University College London, gaining a Bachelor of Science degree with first-class honours in 1967.In 1970, he completed his PhD under the supervision of Michael J. Seaton and Sigurd Zienau at University College London.THESIS, PhD, Paul, Davies, Contributions to theoretical physics: (i) Radiation damping in the optical continuum; (ii) A quantum theory of Wheeler–Feynham electrodynamics, University College London, 1970,weblink {{subscription required}} He then carried out postdoctoral research under Fred Hoyle at the University of Cambridge.

Scientific research

Davies' inquiries have included theoretical physics, cosmology, and astrobiology; his research has been mainly in the area of quantum field theory in curved spacetime. His notable contributions are the so-called Fulling–Davies–Unruh effect, according to which an observer accelerating through empty space will be subject to a bath of induced thermal radiation, and the Bunch–Davies vacuum state, often used as the basis for explaining the fluctuations in the cosmic background radiation left over from the Big Bang. A paper co-authored with Stephen Fulling and William Unruh was the first to suggest that black holes evaporating via the Hawking effect lose mass as a result of a flux of negative energy streaming into the hole from the surrounding space. Davies has had a longstanding association with the problem of time's arrow, and was also an early proponent of the theory that life on Earth may have come from Mars cocooned in rocks ejected by asteroid and comet impacts. During his time in Australia he helped establish the Australian Centre for Astrobiology.Davies was a co-author with Felisa Wolfe-Simon on the 2011 Science article "A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus".JOURNAL, Wolfe-Simon, F., Blum, J. S., Kulp, T. R., Gordon, G. W., Hoeft, S. E., Pett-Ridge, J., Stolz, J. F., Webb, S. M., Weber, P. K., Davies, P. C. W., Anbar, A. D., Oremland, R. S., A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus, Science, 2011, 332, 6034, 1163–1166, 10.1126/science.1197258, 21127214, 2011Sci...332.1163W, Reports refuting the most significant aspects of the original results were published in the same journal in 2012 by researchers of ETH Zurich,JOURNAL, Erb, T. J., Kiefer, P., Hattendorf, B., Gunther, D., Vorholt, J. A., GFAJ-1 is an Arsenate-Resistant, Phosphate-Dependent Organism, 10.1126/science.1218455, Science, 337, 6093, 467–470, 2012, 22773139, 2012Sci...337..467E, including by researchers from the University of British Columbia and Princeton University.Davies is Principal Investigator at Arizona State University's Center for Convergence of Physical Science and Cancer Biology. This is part of a program set up by the National Institutes of Health's National Cancer Institute to involve physicists in cancer research which has set up a network of 12 Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers.WEB,weblink Center for Convergence of Physical Science and Cancer Biology, 28 June 2013, NEWS,weblink Cancer can teach us about our own evolution, Paul, Davies, The Guardian, 18 November 2012, WEB, Cancer from a physicist's perspective: a new theory of cancer, New Scientist, 19 Jun 2013, Paul, Davies,weblink


Davies' talent as a communicator of science has been recognized in Australia by an Advance Australia Award and two Eureka Prizes, and in the UK by the 2001 Kelvin Medal and Prize by the Institute of Physics, and the 2002 Faraday Prize by The Royal Society. Davies received the Templeton Prize in 1995.Davies was made a member of the Order of Australia in the 2007 Queen's birthday honours list.The minor planet 6870 Pauldavies is named after him.

Media work

Davies writes and comments on scientific and philosophical issues. He made a documentary series for BBC Radio 3, and two Australian television series, The Big Questions and More Big Questions. His BBC documentary The Cradle of Life featured the subject of his Faraday Prize lecture. He writes regularly for newspapers and magazines worldwide. He has been guest on numerous radio and television programmes including the children's podcast programme Ask A Biologist.A 2007 opinion piece "Taking Science on Faith" in the New York Times,NEWS, Paul, Davies,weblink New York Times, Taking Science on Faith, 2007-11-24, 2010-10-02, generated controversy over its exploration of the role of faith in scientific inquiry. Davies argued that the faith scientists have in the immutability of physical laws has origins in Christian theology, and that the claim that science is "free of faith" is "manifestly bogus." The Edge Foundation presented a criticism of Davies' article written by Jerry Coyne, Nathan Myhrvold, Lawrence Krauss, Scott Atran, Sean Carroll, Jeremy Bernstein, PZ Myers, Lee Smolin, John Horgan, Alan Sokal and a response by Davies beginning I was dismayed at how many of my detractors completely misunderstood what I had written. Indeed, their responses bore the hallmarks of a superficial knee-jerk reaction to the sight of the words "science" and "faith" juxtaposed.WEB
, Jerry Coyne
, Nathan Myhrvold
, Lawrence Krauss
, Scott Atran
, Sean Carroll
, Jeremy Bernstein
, PZ Myers
, Lee Smolin
, John Horgan
, Alan Sokal
, On "Taking Science on Faith" by Paul C. Davies
, 2010-09-28
, While atheists Richard DawkinsBOOK
, Richard Dawkins
, 2006
, A Deeply Religious Non-Believer
, The God Delusion
, Mariner Books
, 31–50
, 978-0-618-91824-9
, and Victor J. StengerWEB
, Victor J. Stenger
, Review of The Cosmic Blueprint
, Science & Theology News
, University of Colorado at Boulder, University of Colorado
, yes
,weblink" title="">weblink
, 7 June 2010
, dmy-all
, have criticised Davies' public stance on science and religion, others, including the John Templeton Foundation, have praised his work.Davies wrote an article in the Wall Street Journal describing the background to the December 2010 arsenic bacteria press conference and stating that he supported the finding of Felisa Wolfe-Simon that arsenic can replace phosphorus because "I had the advantage of being unencumbered by knowledge. I dropped chemistry at the age of 16, and all I knew about arsenic came from Agatha Christie novels."NEWS
, Wall Street Journal
, The 'Give Me a Job' Microbe
, Davies
, Paul
, 4 December 2010
, 5 December 2010
, He also made the statement, "Well, I would be astonished if this was the only arsenic-based organism on Earth and Felisa just happened to scrape it up from the bottom of Mono Lake on the first try, It's quite clear that it is the tip of an iceberg. I think it's a window into a whole new world of microbiology. And as a matter of fact, she already has 20 or so candidate other organisms that we're very anxious to take a look at. I think we're going to see a whole new domain of life here."NEWS, Bacterium calls for biology rewrite: Transcript,weblink ABC (Australian TV channel),, 4 December 2010, 24 October 2018, It was later independently demonstrated that the organism's DNA contained no arsenic at all.NEWS, Studies refute arsenic bug claim, 9 July 2012,weblink BBC News, 2012-07-10, JOURNAL, GFAJ-1 Is an Arsenate-Resistant, Phosphate-Dependent Organism, Science, 8 July 2012, Tobias J. Erb, 4, Patrick Kiefer, Bodo Hattendorf, Detlef Gunter, Julia Vorholt, 10.1126/science.1218455, 22773139, 337, 6093, 467–70, 2012Sci...337..467E, RRResearch By Rosie Redfield. 16 January 2012JOURNAL, Absence of Detectable Arsenate in DNA from Arsenate-Grown GFAJ-1 Cells, Science, 8 July 2012, Marshall Louis Reaves, 4, Sunita Sinha, Joshua Rabinowitz, Leonid Kruglyak, Rosemary Redfield, 10.1126/science.1219861, 22773140, 3845625, 337, 6093, 470–3, 1201.6643, 2012Sci...337..470R, In a similar vein, a 2013 article in The Guardian by Davies suggested that the origin of life will be uncovered through information theory rather than chemistry.NEWS,weblink London, The Guardian, Paul, Davies, The secret of life won't be cooked up in a chemistry lab, 13 January 2013, Concerns have been raised about his responsibility as one of Wolfe-Simon's co-authors.WEB, Rosie, Redfield, Authorship without responsibility?,weblink RRResearch, 3 February 2012, 24 October 2018,

In popular culture

  • The novel Naive, Super, by Norwegian writer Erlend Loe (translated by Tor Ketil Solberg), published in 1996, refers to Davies frequently.
  • Numbers (season 5, episode 12) refers to Paul Davies' Cosmic Think Tank at Arizona State.
  • Lawrence Leung's Unbelievable (season 1, episode 3), Leung interviews Paul Davies on Alien abduction, where Paul admits to having experienced sleep paralysis.
  • The novel The Extinction Machine, by American writer Jonathan Maberry, published in 2013, refers to Paul Davies.
  • Paul Davies' book "How to Build a Time Machine" was the primary influence on the song Time Machine Fix by the independent rock band Blue Eyed Infidels. Davies is mentioned by name in the song as someone to consult about fixing the past using the knowledge of time travel.


Popular books

  • 1974 The Physics of Time Asymmetry, University of California Press, Berkeley, California, {{ISBN|0-520-03247-0}}
  • 1978 The Runaway Universe, Penguin Books, {{ISBN|0-460-04286-6}}
  • 1979 Stardoom, Harper Collins Publishers Ltd, {{ISBN|0-00-635318-5}}
  • 1980 Other Worlds, Touchstone/Simon and Schuster, {{ISBN|0-460-04400-1}}
  • 1980 "The Search for Gravity Waves", Cambridge University Press, {{ISBN|0-521-23197-3}}
  • 1981 The Edge of Infinity, Penguin USA, {{ISBN|0-14-023194-3}}
  • 1982 The Accidental Universe, Cambridge University Press, {{ISBN|0-521-28692-1}}
  • 1982 Quantum Fields in Curved Space, (with N.D. Birrell), Cambridge University Press, {{ISBN|0-521-27858-9}}
  • 1983 God and the New Physics, Simon & Schuster, {{ISBN|0-14-022550-1}}
  • 1984 Superforce, Touchstone, {{ISBN|0-04-539006-1}}
  • 1986 The Ghost in the Atom, Cambridge University Press, {{ISBN|0-521-31316-3}}
  • 1987 The Cosmic Blueprint, Simon & Schuster, {{ISBN|0-04-440182-5}}
  • 1988 Superstrings: A Theory of Everything, Cambridge University Press, {{ISBN|0-521-35741-1}}
  • 1989 The New Physics, Cambridge University Press, {{ISBN|0-521-30420-2}}
  • 1991 The Matter Myth, Simon & Schuster, {{ISBN|0-670-83585-4}}
  • 1992 The Mind of God, Simon & Schuster UK, {{ISBN|0-671-71069-9}}
  • 1994 The Last Three Minutes, Basic Books, {{ISBN|1-85799-336-5}}
  • 1995 Are We Alone?, Basic Books, {{ISBN|0-14-025179-0}}
  • 1995 (About Time (book)|About Time: Einstein's Unfinished Revolution), Penguin Books, Simon & Schuster, {{ISBN|0-670-84761-5}}
  • 1998 The Fifth Miracle: The Search for the Origin and Meaning of Life. New York: Simon and Schuster. {{ISBN|0-684-83799-4}}
  • 2002 How to Build a Time Machine, Penguin Books, {{ISBN|0-14-100534-3}}
  • 2003 The Origin of Life, Penguin Books, {{ISBN|0-14-101302-8}}
  • 2007 The Goldilocks Enigma, also under the title Cosmic Jackpot, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, {{ISBN|0-14-102326-0}}
  • 2008 Quantum Aspects of Life (eds. Derek Abbott, Paul C. W. Davies, and Arun K. Pati, with foreword by Sir Roger Penrose), Imperial College Press, {{ISBN|1-84816-267-7}}
  • 2010 The Eerie Silence, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, {{ISBN|1-4001-6551-2}}
  • 2010 Information and the Nature of Reality: From Physics to Metaphysics, Cambridge University Press, {{ISBN|978-0-521-76225-0}}
  • 2019 The Demon in the Machine, Allen Lane, {{ISBN|978-0241309599}}

Technical books

  • 1974 The Physics of Time Asymmetry, University of California Press, Berkeley California,
  • 1982 (with N. D. Birrell) Quantum Fields in Curved Space, Series: Cambridge Monographs on Mathematical Physics, Cambridge University Press.JOURNAL, Ørsted, Bent, Review: Quantum Fields in Curved Space, by N. D. Birrell and P. C. W. Davies, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.), 1983, 8, 3, 471–477,weblink 10.1090/s0273-0979-1983-15124-8,
  • 1984 Quantum Mechanics, (with David S. Betts), 2nd edition, CRC Press, 1994.

Essays and papers



External links


On an Ultimate Explanation:
  • {{YouTube|9tB1jppI3fo|Part 1}}
  • {{YouTube|DXXFNnmgcVs|Part 2}}
  • {{YouTube|Ok9APrXfIOU|Part 3}}
  • {{YouTube|vXqqa1_0i7E|Part 4}}
  • {{YouTube|QVrRL3u0dF4|Part 5}}
  • {{YouTube|EN37aZwEBXE|About Cosmic Jackpot}}
{{Templeton Prize Laureates}}{{Authority control}}

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