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Palme d'Or
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factoids
The Palme d'Or ({{IPA-fr>palm(ə) dɔʁ}}; ) is the highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival.HTTP://WWW.FESTIVAL-CANNES.COM/EN/69-EDITIONS/PALME/A-BRIEF-HISTORY-OF-THE-PALME-D-OR PUBLISHER=FESTIVAL-CANNES.COM, 28 May 2017, It was introduced in 1955 by the festival's organizing committee. Previously, from 1939 to 1954, the highest prize at the festival was the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film. In 1964, The Palme d'Or was replaced again by the Grand Prix, before being reintroduced in 1975. The Palme d'Or is widely considered to be one of the most prestigious awards in the film industry.NEWS,weblink Why the Cannes Film Festival matters (and how to pronounce it), Vox, 2018-01-21, NEWS,weblink Cannes 2017: Sweden's Ruben Östlund wins Palme d’Or for 'The Square' - France 24, 2017-05-28, France 24, 2018-01-21, en-US, NEWS,weblink Cannes Vs Oscar: Why The Palme d’Or And Best Picture Academy Award Don’t Make A Perfect Match, Hammond, Pete, 2016-05-11, Deadline, 2018-01-21, en-US,

History

(File:Blason ville fr Cannes (Alpes-Maritimes).svg|thumb|left|upright=0.75|The Commune of Cannes coat of arms)In 1954, the festival decided to present an award annually, titled the Grand Prix of the International Film Festival, with a new design each year from a contemporary artist. The festival's board of directors invited several jewellers to submit designs for a palm, in tribute to the coat of arms of the city of Cannes. The original design by the jeweller Lucienne Lazon had the bevelled lower extremity of the stalk forming a heart, and the pedestal a sculpture in terracotta by the artist Sébastien.NEWS,weblink Histoire de la Palme d'or, de Lucienne Lazon à Chopard, 2017-05-31, fr, In 1955, the first Palme d'Or was awarded to Delbert Mann for Marty. From 1964 to 1974, the Festival temporarily resumed a Grand Prix. In 1975, the Palme d'Or was reintroduced and has since remained the symbol of the Cannes Film Festival, awarded every year to the director of the winning film, and presented in a case of pure red Morocco leather lined with white suede.As of 2018, Jane Campion is the only female director to have won the Palme d'Or, for her work on The Piano. However, in 2013, when Blue Is the Warmest Color won the Palme d'Or, the Steven Spielberg-headed jury awarded it to the film's director Abdellatif Kechiche, as well as the film's actresses Adèle Exarchopoulos and Léa Seydoux.NEWS,weblink Cannes: 5 unforgettable Palme d’Or winners, 2015-05-24, 2018-01-21, This marks the first time multiple Palme d'Or trophies were given out in the festival's history.NEWS,weblink Director Abdellatif Kechiche: Why I'm Selling My Palme d'Or (Exclusive), The Hollywood Reporter, 2018-01-21, en, File:Palmed'or.jpg|thumb|upright=1.05|Palme d'Or awarded to Apocalypse Now at the 1979 Cannes Film Festival1979 Cannes Film FestivalThe jury decided to award the actresses alongside the director due to a Cannes policy that forbids the Palme d'Or-winning film from receiving any additional awards, thereby preventing the jury from rewarding both the film and the film's actresses separately.WEB,weblink Festival de Cannes - Regulations, Festival-cannes.fr, 28 May 2017, Of the unorthodox decision, Spielberg said that "had the casting been 3% wrong, it wouldn't have worked like it did for us".WEB,weblink Conference of the Jury of 66th Festival de Cannes, Festival de Cannes, 2013, 27 May 2013, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20131230235647weblink">weblink 30 December 2013, dmy, (video unavailable) Kechiche later auctioned off his Palme d'Or trophy to fund his new feature film, and expressed mixed feelings about the festival having given out multiple trophies in an interview with The Hollywood Reporter.NEWS,weblink Director Abdellatif Kechiche: Why I'm Selling My Palme d'Or (Exclusive), The Hollywood Reporter, 2018-01-21, en, Since its reintroduction, the prize has been redesigned several times. At the beginning of the 1980s, the rounded shape of the pedestal, bearing the palm, gradually transformed to become pyramidal in 1984. In 1992, Thierry de Bourqueney redesigned the Palme and its pedestal in hand-cut crystal. In 1997, a new design, created by Caroline Scheufele from Chopard, was created; a single piece of cut crystal forms a cushion for the 24-carat gold palm, which was hand-cast into a wax mould and presented in a case of blue Morocco leather.WEB,weblink A brief history of the Palme d'Or - Festival de Cannes 2013 (International Film Festival), Festival-cannes.com, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160304105526weblink">weblink 4 March 2016, dmy, The winner of the 2014 Palme d'Or, Winter Sleep—a Turkish film by Nuri Bilge Ceylan—occurred during the same year as the 100th anniversary of Turkish cinema. Upon receiving the award, Ceylan dedicated the prize to both the "young people" involved in the ongoing political unrest in Turkey and the workers who were killed in the Soma mine disaster, which occurred on the day prior to the commencement of the awards event.NEWS, Xan Brooks, Cannes festival ready for shut-eye after Winter Sleep wins Palme d'Or,weblink 1 June 2014, The Guardian, Guardian News and Media Limited, 25 May 2014, In 2017, the award was re-designed to celebrate the festival's 70th anniversary. The diamonds were provided by an ethical supplier certified by the Responsible Jewellery Council.

Award winners {|class"wikitable sortable" style"margin-bottom:4px"

! Year !! Film !! Original title !! Director(s) !! Nationality of director * 1930s! colspan=5 data-sort-value="ω"| Awarded as "Grand Prix du Festival International du Film" ''Union Pacific (film)'' > Cecil B. DeMille United States 1940s No awards due to World War II.1946 Cannes Film Festival > ''The Turning Point (1945 film) >Velikij perelom'' / Великий перелом > Fridrikh Ermler Soviet UnionMen Without Wings >Muži bez křídel > FrantiÅ¡ek Čáp Czechoslovakia''The Last Chance (1945 film) > Die Letzte Chance'' data-sort-value="Lindtberg"Leopold Lindtberg >| SwitzerlandTorment (1944 film)>Torment Hets data-sort-value="Sjoberg"Alf Sjöberg >| SwedenMaría Candelaria>Portrait of Maria María Candelaria data-sort-value="Fernandez"Emilio Fernández >| MexicoRome, Open City >Roma, città aperta > Roberto Rossellini ItalyNeecha Nagar>Neecha Nagar (Lowly City) NÄ«cā nagar / नीचा नगर data-sort-value="Anand"Chetan Anand (director)>Chetan Anand India Brief Encounter data-sort-value="Lean"David Lean >| United KingdomLa Symphonie Pastorale (film)>Pastoral Symphony data-sort-value="Symphonie P"La symphonie pastorale > Jean Delannoy France ''The Lost Weekend (film)'' > Billy Wilder United StatesThe Red Meadows data-sort-value="Rode enge"De røde enge > Bodil Ipsen and Lau Lauritzen, Jr. Denmark1949 Cannes Film Festival>1949 colspan="2" data-sort-value="Third Man"The Third Man > Carol Reed United Kingdom 1950s1951 Cannes Film Festival >Miss Julie (1951 film)>Miss Julie Fröken Julie data-sort-value="Sjoberg"Alf Sjöberg >| SwedenMiracle in Milan >Miracolo a Milano > Vittorio De Sica Italy1952 Cannes Film Festival > ''(Othello (1951 film) Orson Welles United StatesTwo Cents Worth of Hope >Due soldi di speranza > Renato Castellani Italy1953 Cannes Film Festival>1953 data-sort-value="Wages"The Wages of Fear > Le salaire de la peur data-sort-value="Clouzot"Henri-Georges Clouzot >| France1954 Cannes Film Festival>1954 ''Gate of Hell (film) >Jigoku-mon'' / 地獄門 > Teinosuke Kinugasa Japan! colspan=5 data-sort-value="ω"| Awarded as "Palme d'Or"1955 Cannes Film Festival>1955 colspan="2"Marty (film)>Marty § data-sort-value="Mann"Delbert Mann >| United States1956 Cannes Film Festival>1956 data-sort-value="Silent W"The Silent World > Le monde du silence data-sort-value="Cousteau"Jacques Cousteau and Louis Malle >| France1957 Cannes Film Festival>1957 colspan="2"Friendly Persuasion (1956 film)>Friendly Persuasion data-sort-value="Wyler"William Wyler >| United States1958 Cannes Film Festival>1958 data-sort-value="Cranes"The Cranes Are Flying >Letyat zhuravli / Летят журавли > Mikhail Kalatozov Soviet Union1959 Cannes Film Festival>1959 Black Orpheus § Orfeu Negro data-sort-value="Camus"Marcel Camus >| France 1960s1960 Cannes Film Festival>1960 data-sort-value="Sweet Life"La Dolce Vita>The Sweet Life § data-sort-value="Dolce Vita"La dolce vita > Federico Fellini Italy1961 Cannes Film Festival > The Long Absence § data-sort-value="Aussi"Une aussi longue absence > Henri Colpi France Viridiana § data-sort-value="Bunuel"Luis Buñuel >| Mexico1962 Cannes Film Festival>1962 ''O Pagador de Promessas § > O Pagador de Promessas'' data-sort-value="Duarte"Anselmo Duarte >| Brazil1963 Cannes Film Festival>1963 data-sort-value="Leopard"The Leopard (1963 film)>The Leopard § data-sort-value="Gatopardo"Il gattopardo > Luchino Visconti Italy! colspan=5 data-sort-value="ω"| Awarded as "Grand Prix du Festival International du Film"1964 Cannes Film Festival>1964 data-sort-value="Umbrellas"The Umbrellas of Cherbourg > Les parapluies de Cherbourg data-sort-value="Demy"Jacques Demy >| France1965 Cannes Film Festival>1965 colspan="2" data-sort-value="Knack"The Knack ...and How to Get It > Richard Lester United Kingdom1966 Cannes Film Festival > A Man and a Woman data-sort-value="Homme et"Un homme et une femme > Claude Lelouch France The Birds, the Bees and the Italians Signore e signori data-sort-value="Germi"Pietro Germi >| Italy1967 Cannes Film Festival>1967 colspan="2"Blowup > Michelangelo Antonioni Italy1968 Cannes Film Festival>1968 colspan="4" style="background-color:#EFD; padding-left:10%" data-sort-value="ω"| No awards this year because of the May 1968 events in France.1969 Cannes Film Festival>1969 colspan="2"If.... > Lindsay Anderson United Kingdom 1970s1970 Cannes Film Festival>1970 colspan="2"MASH (film)>MASH data-sort-value="Altman"Robert Altman >| United States1971 Cannes Film Festival>1971 colspan="2" data-sort-value="Go-Between"The Go-Between (1971 film)>The Go-Between data-sort-value="Losey"Joseph Losey >| United Kingdom1972 Cannes Film Festival > The Working Class Goes to Heaven § data-sort-value="Classe o"La classe operaia va in paradiso > Elio Petri ItalyThe Mattei Affair § data-sort-value="Caso M"Il caso Mattei > Francesco Rosi Italy1973 Cannes Film Festival > The Hireling data-sort-value="Bridges"Alan Bridges >| United Kingdom ''Scarecrow (1973 film)'' > Jerry Schatzberg United States1974 Cannes Film Festival>1974 colspan="2" data-sort-value="Conversation"The Conversation > Francis Ford Coppola United States! colspan=5 data-sort-value="ω"| Awarded as "Palme d'Or"1975 Cannes Film Festival>1975 Chronicle of the Years of Fire Chronique des années de braise data-sort-value="Lakhdar"Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina >| Algeria1976 Cannes Film Festival>1976 colspan="2"Taxi Driver > Martin Scorsese United States1977 Cannes Film Festival>1977 colspan="2"Padre Padrone > Paolo and Vittorio Taviani Italy1978 Cannes Film Festival>1978 data-sort-value="Tree of W"The Tree of Wooden Clogs § > L'albero degli zoccoli data-sort-value="Olmi"Ermanno Olmi >| Italy1979 Cannes Film Festival > Apocalypse Now data-sort-value="Coppola"Francis Ford Coppola >| United States ''The Tin Drum (film) > Die Blechtrommel'' data-sort-value="Schlondorff"Volker Schlöndorff >| West Germany 1980s1980 Cannes Film Festival > ''All That Jazz (film)'' > Bob Fosse United StatesKagemusha >Kagemusha / 影武者 > Akira Kurosawa Japan1981 Cannes Film Festival>1981 Man of Iron CzÅ‚owiek z żelaza data-sort-value="Wajda"Andrzej Wajda >| Poland1982 Cannes Film Festival > ''Missing (1982 film)'' § > Costa-Gavras GreeceYol>The Way § Yol data-sort-value="Guney"Yılmaz Güney and Åžerif Gören >| Turkey1983 Cannes Film Festival>1983 data-sort-value="Ballad"The Ballad of Narayama (1983 film)>The Ballad of Narayama Narayama bushikō / 楢山節考 data-sort-value="Imamura"Shohei Imamura >| Japan1984 Cannes Film Festival>1984 colspan="2"Paris, Texas (film)>Paris, Texas § data-sort-value="Wenders"Wim Wenders >| West Germany1985 Cannes Film Festival>1985 When Father Was Away on Business § Otats na službenom putu / Отац на службеном путу data-sort-value="Kusturica"Emir Kusturica >| Yugoslavia1986 Cannes Film Festival>1986 colspan="2" data-sort-value="Mission"The Mission (1986 film)>The Mission data-sort-value="Joffe"Roland Joffé >| United Kingdom1987 Cannes Film Festival>1987 ''Under the Sun of Satan (film) § >Sous le soleil de Satan'' > Maurice Pialat France1988 Cannes Film Festival>1988 Pelle the Conqueror Pelle erobreren data-sort-value="August"Bille August >| Denmark1989 Cannes Film Festival>1989 colspan="2"Sex, Lies, and Videotape > Steven Soderbergh United States 1990s1990 Cannes Film Festival>1990 colspan="2"Wild at Heart (film)>Wild at Heart data-sort-value="Lynch"David Lynch >| United States1991 Cannes Film Festival>1991 colspan="2"Barton Fink § >Coen brothers>Joel and Ethan Coen United States1992 Cannes Film Festival>1992 data-sort-value="Best Inten"The Best Intentions > Den goda viljan data-sort-value="August"Bille August >| Denmark1993 Cannes Film Festival >Farewell My Concubine (film)>Farewell My Concubine Bàwáng bié jÄ« / 霸王別姬 data-sort-value="Kaige"Chen Kaige >| China The Piano data-sort-value="Campion"Jane Campion >| New Zealand1994 Cannes Film Festival>1994 colspan="2"Pulp Fiction > Quentin Tarantino United States1995 Cannes Film Festival>1995 ''Underground (1995 film) >Podzemlje'' / Подземље > Emir Kusturica Serbia and Montenegro1996 Cannes Film Festival>1996 colspan="2"Secrets & Lies (film)>Secrets & Lies data-sort-value="Leigh"Mike Leigh >| United Kingdom1997 Cannes Film Festival >Taste of Cherry >Ta'm-e gÄ«lās / طعم گيلاس > Abbas Kiarostami Iran ''The Eel (film) >Unagi'' / うなぎ > Shohei Imamura Japan1998 Cannes Film Festival>1998 Eternity and a Day § data-sort-value="Aioniotita"Mia aio̱nióti̱ta kai mia méra / Μια αιωνιότητα και μια μέρα > Theodoros Angelopoulos Greece1999 Cannes Film Festival>1999 colspan="2"Rosetta (film)>Rosetta § data-sort-value="Dardenne"Dardenne brothers>Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Dardenne brothers >| Belgium 2000s2000 Cannes Film Festival>2000 colspan="2"Dancer in the Dark > Lars von Trier Denmark2001 Cannes Film Festival>2001 data-sort-value="Sons Room"The Son's Room > La stanza del figlio data-sort-value="Moretti"Nanni Moretti >| Italy2002 Cannes Film Festival>2002 colspan="2" data-sort-value="Pianist" The Pianist (2002 film)>The Pianist data-sort-value="Polanski" Roman Polanski >| France, Poland2003 Cannes Film Festival>2003 colspan="2"Elephant (2003 film)>Elephant data-sort-value="Van Sant"Gus Van Sant >| United States2004 Cannes Film Festival>2004 colspan="2"Fahrenheit 9/11 > Michael Moore United States2005 Cannes Film Festival>2005 data-sort-value="Enfant"L'Enfant (film)>The Child data-sort-value="Enfant"L'enfant > Dardenne brothers and Dardenne brothers>Luc Dardenne Belgium2006 Cannes Film Festival>2006 colspan="2" data-sort-value="Wind That"The Wind That Shakes the Barley (film)>The Wind That Shakes the Barley § data-sort-value="Loach"Ken Loach >| United Kingdom2007 Cannes Film Festival>2007 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days 4 luni, 3 săptămâni ÅŸi 2 zile data-sort-value="Mungiu"Cristian Mungiu >| Romania2008 Cannes Film Festival>2008 data-sort-value="Class"The Class (2008 film)>The Class § Entre les murs data-sort-value="Cantet"Laurent Cantet >| France2009 Cannes Film Festival>2009 data-sort-value="White Ribbon"The White Ribbon > Das weiße Band, Eine deutsche Kindergeschichte data-sort-value="Haneke"Michael Haneke >| Austria 2010s2010 Cannes Film Festival>2010 Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives Lung Bunmi Raluek Chat / ลุงบุญมีระลึกชาติ data-sort-value="Weerasethakul"Apichatpong Weerasethakul >| Thailand2011 Cannes Film Festival>2011 colspan="2" data-sort-value="Tree of L"The Tree of Life (film)>The Tree of Life data-sort-value="Malick"Terrence Malick >| United States2012 Cannes Film Festival>2012 colspan="2"Amour (2012 film)>Amour data-sort-value="Haneke"Michael Haneke >| Austria2013 Cannes Film Festival>2013 ''Blue Is the Warmest Colour § data-sort-value="Vie dA"La Vie d'Adèle: Chapitres 1 et 2 > Abdellatif Kechiche and Adèle Exarchopoulos and Léa Seydoux Tunisia, France2014 Cannes Film Festival>2014 ''Winter Sleep (film) >Kış Uykusu'' > Nuri Bilge Ceylan Turkey2015 Cannes Film Festival>2015 colspan="2"Dheepan > Jacques Audiard France2016 Cannes Film Festival > I, Daniel Blake data-sort-value="Loach"Ken Loach >| United Kingdom2017 Cannes Film Festival > ''The Square (2017 film)'' > Ruben Östlund Sweden2018 Cannes Film Festival >Shoplifters >Manbiki kazoku / 万引き家族 > Hirokazu Kore-eda Japan2019 Cannes Film Festival >Parasite (2019 film)>Parasite § Gisaengchung / 기생충 data-sort-value="Joon-ho"Bong Joon-ho >| South Korea
* Director's nationality given at time of film's release. § Denotes unanimous win ‡ The Palme d'Or for Union Pacific was awarded in retrospect at the 2002 festival. The festival's debut was to take place in 1939, but it was cancelled due to World War II.WEB,weblink ‘Pianist’ tickles Cannes, Variety (magazine), Variety, McCarthy, Todd, May 26, 2002, May 24, 2018, The organisers of the 2002 festival presented part of the original 1939 selection to a professional jury of six members. The films were: Goodbye Mr. Chips, La Piste du Nord, Lenin in 1918, The Four Feathers, The Wizard of Oz, Union Pacific, and Boefje.

Multiple award winners

Eight directors or co-directors have won the award twice:WEB,weblink Cannes: Ken Loach Wins His Second Palme d'Or for 'I, Daniel Blake', Variety (magazine), Variety, Lodge last2=Gleiberman date=22 May 2016, 27 June 2017,

Multiple nominations

The following directors have had three or more films in competition and thus, are considered to have been nominated for the Palme d'Or:{{col-begin}}{{col-break}}
14 Nominations


9 Nominations


8 Nominations


7 Nominations


6 Nominations


5 Nominations
{{col-break}}
4 Nominations


3 Nominations
{{col-end}}

Honorary Palme d'Or

In 1997, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Festival, the Cannes jury also awarded a "Palme des Palmes" for the first time.{|class="wikitable sortable" style="margin-bottom:4px"! Year !! Recipient !! Profession !! Nationality of recipientIngmar Bergman >| Sweden In 2002 the festival began to sporadically award a non-competitive Honorary Palme d'Or to directors or actors who had achieved a notable body of work but who had never won a competitive Palme d'Or.WEB, A Honorary Palme at the opening ceremony of the Festival de Cannes,weblink 3 September 2015, {| class="wikitable"! Year !! Recipient !! Profession !! Nationality of recipientWoody Allen >| United StatesJeanne Moreau >| FranceCatherine Deneuve >| FranceJane Fonda >| United StatesManoel de Oliveira >| PortugalClint Eastwood >| United States2011 Jean-Paul Belmondo Actor FranceBernardo Bertolucci >| ItalyAgnès VardaDIRECTOR AGNES VARDA TO RECEIVE HONORARY PALME D'ORACCESSDATE=3 SEPTEMBER 2015, AGNÈS VARDA TO RECEIVE HONORARY PALME D'OR>URL=HTTP://WWW.ROGEREBERT.COM/CANNES/AGN%C3%A8S-VARDA-TO-RECEIVE-HONORARY-PALME-DOR| FranceJean-Pierre LéaudSZALAITITLE=CANNES: JEAN-PIERRE LEAUD TO GET HONORARY PALME D'ORACCESSDATE=31 MAY 2016, Actor FranceJeffrey KatzenbergHTTP://WWW.HOLLYWOODREPORTER.COM/NEWS/CANNES-JEFFREY-KATZENBERG-FETED-HONORARY-PALME-DOR-1005745 FIRST=RHONDA DATE=19 MAY 2017 WORK=THE HOLLYWOOD REPORTER, Producer United StatesAlain DelonHTTPS://VARIETY.COM/2019/FILM/GLOBAL/CANNES-ALAIN-DELON-TO-RECEIVE-HONORARY-PALME-DOR-1203191501/ DATE=17 APRIL 2019 WORK=VARIETY (MAGAZINE), >| FranceIn 2018, the Cannes jury also awarded a "Special Palme d'Or" for the first time.WEB,weblink ‘Shoplifters’ Wins Palme d’Or at 2018 Cannes Film Festival, Pond, Steve, 19 May 2018, 19 May 2018, SF Gate, {|class="wikitable sortable" style="margin-bottom:4px"! Year !! Film !! Original title !! Director(s) !! Nationality of director  || Ref(s)The Image Book >Le Livre d'image >Jean-Luc Godard >|

See also

{{clear}}

References

{{reflist}}

External links

{{Cannes Film Festival}}{{Palme d'Or}}{{National Cinema Awards}}

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