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{{distinguish|Open Document Architecture|OpenDoc|Office Open XML}}{{redirect|ODF}}{{Use dmy dates|date=December 2012}}{{OpenDocument}}

.fodt}}}}Internet media type}} {{longitemapplication/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text}}}}'''Uniform Type Identifier'''{{mono>org.oasis.opendocument.text}}HTTP://WWW.HUW.ID.AU/FILETYPES.HTML#OPENDOCUMENT >TITLE=FILETYPES ACCESSDATE=20 JUNE 2008, }}UTI conformation{{mono|org.oasis-open.opendocumentpublic.composite-content}}}}| label10 = Developed byOASIS (organization)>OASIS| label11 = Initial releaseSoftware release life cycle>Latest release1.2{{smaller()}}}}}}| label13 = Type of formatDocument file format>Document| label16 = Extended from| data16 = XMLInternational standard>StandardISO/IEC 26300{{smaller|(OASIS OpenDocument Format)}}}}Open format?}}OpenDocument#Licensing>Yes| label20 = WebsiteOASIS |ISO/IEC}}}}

.fodp}}}}Internet media type}} {{longitemapplication/vnd.oasis.opendocument.presentation}}}}Uniform Type Identifier (UTI){{mono|org.oasis.opendocument.presentation}}}}UTI conformation{{mono|org.oasis-open.opendocumentpublic.composite-content}}}}| label10 = Developed by| data10 = OASIS| label11 = Initial release1.2{{smaller()}}}}}}| label13 = Type of format| data13 = Presentation| label16 = Extended from| data16 = XML| label18 = StandardISO/IEC 26300{{smaller|(OASIS OpenDocument Format)}}}}| label19 = Open format?| data19 = Yes}}

.fods}}}}Internet media type}} {{longitemapplication/vnd.oasis.opendocument.spreadsheet}}}}Uniform Type Identifier (UTI){{mono|org.oasis.opendocument.spreadsheet}}}}UTI conformation{{mono|org.oasis-open.opendocumentpublic.composite-content}}}}| label10 = Developed by| data10 = OASIS| label11 = Initial release1.2{{smaller()}}}}}}| label13 = Type of format| data13 = Spreadsheet| label16 = Extended from| data16 = XML| label18 = StandardISO/IEC 26300{{smaller|(OASIS OpenDocument Format)}}}}| label19 = Open format?| data19 = Yes}}

.fodg}}}}Internet media type}} {{longitemapplication/}}}}Uniform Type Identifier (UTI){{mono|}}}}UTI conformation{{mono|org.oasis-open.opendocumentpublic.composite-content}}}}| label10 = Developed by| data10 = OASIS| label11 = Initial release1.2{{smaller()}}}}}}| label13 = Type of formatGraphics file format>Graphics| label16 = Extended from| data16 = XML| label18 = StandardISO/IEC 26300{{smaller|(OASIS OpenDocument Format)}}}}| label19 = Open format?| data19 = Yes}}The Open Document Format for Office Applications (ODF), also known as OpenDocument, is a ZIP-compressedExtract an odt file with unzip on Linux to see the actual resource hierarchy XML-based file format for spreadsheets, charts, presentations and word processing documents. It was developed with the aim of providing an open, XML-based file format specification for office applications.WEB,weblink OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) TC, Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards, 19 January 2005, 6 October 2013, The standard was developed by a technical committee in the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) consortium.WEB,weblink OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) TC, OASIS (organization), Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards, It was based on the Sun Microsystems specification for XML, the default format for and LibreOffice. It was originally developed for StarOffice "to provide an open standard for office documents."{{citation |url= |title=StarOffice XML File Format Working Draft, Technical Reference Manual, Draft 9, December 2000 |date=December 2000 |accessdate=2010-08-08}}In addition to being an OASIS standard, it was published as an ISO/IEC international standard ISO/IEC 26300{{snd}} Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument).{{citation |url= |title=ISO/IEC 26300:2006/Amd 1:2012 – Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.1 |date=8 March 2012 |accessdate=12 April 2012}}WEB,weblink ISO/IEC 26300:2006/DAM 1 – OpenDocument v1.1, 29 March 2011,


The most common filename extensions used for OpenDocument documents are:WEB,weblink, es, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 15 June 2009, WEB,weblink Document Version Control With Mercurial, 7 June 2010, The original OpenDocument format consists of an XML document that has as its root element. OpenDocument files can also take the format of a ZIP compressed archive containing a number of files and directories; these can contain binary content and benefit from ZIP's lossless compression to reduce file size. OpenDocument benefits from separation of concerns by separating the content, styles, metadata, and application settings into four separate XML files.There is a comprehensive set of example documents in OpenDocument format available.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink 30 August 2011, OpenDocument Sample Documents, 2006, Intel Corporation, 12 December 2012, dead, The whole test suite is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 license.


The OpenDocument standard was developed by a Technical Committee (TC) under the OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) industry consortium. The ODF-TC has members from a diverse set of companies and individuals. Active TC members have voting rights. Members associated with Sun and IBM have sometimes had a large voting influence.WEB,weblink OpenDocument TC's {{Sic, y, publicly, -, visible membership roster | accessdate=3 November 2007}} The standardization process involved the developers of many office suites or related document systems. The first official ODF-TC meeting to discuss the standard was 16 December 2002; OASIS approved OpenDocument as an OASIS standard on 1 May 2005. OASIS submitted the ODF specification to ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC 1) on 16 November 2005, under Publicly Available Specification (PAS) rules. ISO/IEC standardization for an open document standard including text, spreadsheet and presentation was proposed for the first time in DKUUG 28 August 2001.WEB,weblink Meeting agenda for DKUUG STD 2001-08-28 – item 5.6, 13 March 2015, After a six-month review period, on 3 May 2006, OpenDocument unanimously passed its six-month DIS (Draft International Standard) ballot in JTC 1 (ISO/IEC JTC1/SC34), with broad participation,WEB,weblink Document Description and Processing Languages-->Summary of Voting on DIS ISO/IEC 26300 – Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.0, 13 June 2006, 24 August 2006, ISO/IEC SC34 Secretariat, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 34 Document Repository,weblink" title="">weblink 1 October 2006, after which the OpenDocument specification was "approved for release as an ISO and IEC International Standard" under the name ISO/IEC 26300:2006.WEB,weblink ISO and IEC approve OpenDocument OASIS standard for data interoperability of office applications, 8 May 2006, 24 August 2006, ISO Press Releases, International Organization for Standardization, ISO, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 19 May 2006, dmy-all, After responding to all written ballot comments, and a 30-day default ballot, the OpenDocument international standard went to publication in ISO, officially published 30 November 2006.Further standardization work with OpenDocument includes:
  • The OASIS Committee Specification OpenDocument 1.0 (second edition) corresponds to the published ISO/IEC 26300:2006 standard. The content of ISO/IEC 26300 and OASIS OpenDocument v1.0 2nd ed. is identical.{{citation |url= |title=ISO/IEC 26300:2006 |format=ZIP, PDF |publisher=ISO |accessdate=22 November 2009}} It includes the editorial changes made to address JTC1 ballot comments. It is available in ODF, HTML and PDF formats.
  • OpenDocument 1.1 includes additional features to address accessibility concerns.WEB,weblink OpenDocument 1.1 Specifications, 2006, 31 October 2006, OASIS (organization), OASIS, It was approved as an OASIS Standard on 2007-02-01 following a call for vote issued on 2007-01-16.WEB, Approval of OpenDocument v1.1 as OASIS Standard,weblink 6 February 2007, OASIS (organization), OASIS, The public announcement was made on 2007-02-13.WEB, Members Approve OpenDocument Version 1.1 as OASIS Standard,weblink 15 February 2007, OASIS (organization), OASIS, This version was not initially submitted to ISO/IEC, because it is considered to be a minor update to ODF 1.0 only, and OASIS were working already on ODF 1.2 at the time ODF 1.1 was approved.WEB,weblink OOXML expert: ODF standard is broken, Peter Judge, ZDNet, 2 May 2008, 10 September 2012, However it was later submitted to ISO/IEC (as of March 2011, it was in "enquiry stage" as Draft Amendment 1{{snd}} ISO/IEC 26300:2006/DAM 1) and published in March 2012 as "ISO/IEC 26300:2006/Amd 1:2012 – Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.1".
  • OpenDocument 1.2 includes additional accessibility features, RDF-based metadata,WEB, 18 April 2012, The Register,weblink 3 October 2011, Open Document Format updated to fix spreadsheets, Gavin, Clarke, a spreadsheet formula specification based on OpenFormula, support for digital signatures and some features suggested by the public. It consists of three parts: Part 1: OpenDocument Schema, Part 2: Recalculated Formula (OpenFormula) Format and Part 3: Packages. Version 1.2 of the specification was approved as an OASIS Standard on 29 September 2011.{{citation |url= |title=Members Approve OpenDocument Format (ODF) Version 1.2 as OASIS Standard |date=5 October 2011 |accessdate=12 April 2012}} It was submitted to the relevant ISO committee under the Publicly Available Specification (PAS) procedure in March 2014.WEB,weblink PDF, Minutes of ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 34/WG 6 teleconference meeting, 2014-04-16, 2014-04-24, 2014-10-13, As of October 2014, it has been unanimously approved as a Draft International Standard, some comments have been raised in process that need to be addressed before OpenDocument 1.2 can proceed to become an International Standard.WEB,weblink PDF, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 34/WG 6 N 103 Minutes of teleconference meeting of ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 34/WG 6 2014-09-24, 23:00-00:00 UTC, 2014-09-25, 2014-10-13, OpenDocument 1.2 was published as ISO/IEC standard on 17 June 2015.WEB,weblink ISO/IEC 26300-1:2015 – Information technology – Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.2 – Part 1: OpenDocument Schema, 2015-05-13, 2015-06-02, WEB,weblink ISO/IEC 26300-2:2015 – Information technology – Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.2 – Part 2: Recalculated Formula (OpenFormula) Format, 2015-05-13, 16 February 2016, WEB,weblink ISO/IEC 26300-3:2015 – Information technology – Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.2 – Part 3: Packages, 2015-05-13, 2015-06-02,


  • OpenDocument 1.3 (a.k.a. "ODF-Next") As of January, 2014, the current state of a possible future version of OpenDocument specification is a working draft (a preliminary unapproved sketch, outline, or version of the specification). The OASIS Advanced Document Collaboration subcommittee (created in December, 2010) is working on an update of OpenDocument change-tracking that will not only enhance the existing change-tracking feature set, but also lay the foundation for the standardization of real-time collaboration by making change tracking compatible with real-time collaboration.{{citation |url= |title=OpenDocument - Advanced Document Collaboration SC |accessdate=2014-01-31}}{{citation |url= |title=ODF TC Creates Advanced Document Collaboration Subcommittee |date=2010-12-05 |accessdate=2014-01-31}}{{citation |url= |title=Real-time compatible ODF change-tracking |accessdate=2014-01-31}}

Application support


The OpenDocument format is used in free software and in proprietary software. This includes office suites (both stand-alone and web-based) and individual applications such as word-processors, spreadsheets, presentation, and data management applications. Prominent text editors, word processors and office suites supporting OpenDocument fully or partially include: Various organizations have announced development of conversion software (including plugins and filters) to support OpenDocument on Microsoft's products.WEB,weblink OpenDocument Foundation to MA: We Have a Plugin, 4 May 2006, 23 August 2006, Groklaw, NEWS,weblink Microsoft Office to get a dose of OpenDocument, 5 May 2006, 6 December 2006, CNet, {{asof|July 2007}}, there are nine packages of conversion software. Microsoft first released support for the OpenDocument Format in Office 2007 SP2.WEB, Office 2007 SP2 Supports ODF,weblink 28 April 2009, PC World, However, the implementation faced substantial criticism and the ODF Alliance and others claimed that the third party plugins provided better support.WEB,weblink Fact-sheet Microsoft ODF support, 24 May 2009, MS Excel 2007 will process ODF spreadsheet documents when loaded via the Sun Plug-In 3.0 for MS Office or the SourceForge “OpenXML/ODF Translator Add-in for Office,” but will fail when using the “built-in” support provided by Office 2007 SP2., odfalliance, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 11 June 2009, Microsoft Office 2010 can open and save OpenDocument Format documents natively, although not all features are supported.WEB,weblink Differences between the OpenDocument Text (.odt) format and the Word (.docx) format,, Starting with Mac OS X 10.5, the TextEdit application and Quick Look preview feature support the OpenDocument Text format.


{{Further|OpenDocument software#Accessibility}}


Public access to the standard

Versions of the OpenDocument Format approved by OASIS are available for free download and use.WEB,weblink OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) TC, OASIS, 10 September 2012, The ITTF has added ISO/IEC 26300 to its "list of freely available standards"; anyone may download and use this standard free-of-charge under the terms of a click-through license.WEB,weblink Freely Available Standards, International Organization for Standardization, 22 September 2009,

Additional royalty-free licensing

Obligated membersoffice members of the OASIS ODF TC have agreed to make deliverables available to implementors under the OASIS Royalty Free with Limited Terms policy.Key contributor Sun Microsystems made an irrevocable intellectual property covenant, providing all implementers with the guarantee that Sun will not seek to enforce any of its enforceable U.S. or foreign patents against any implementation of the OpenDocument specification in which development Sun participates to the point of incurring an obligation.WEB,weblink Sun OpenDocument Patent Statement, OASIS Open Document Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) TC, Microsystems, Inc., OASIS foundation, A second contributor to ODF development, IBM â€“ which, for instance, has contributed Lotus spreadsheet documentationWEB,weblink Formula subcommittee status, David A. Wheeler,,, 21 Jul 2006, 12 September 2012,  â€“ has made their patent rights available through their Interoperability Specifications Pledge in which "IBM irrevocably covenants to you that it will not assert any Necessary Claims against you for your making, using, importing, selling, or offering for sale Covered Implementations."WEB,weblink Interoperability Pledge Specification List, Interoperability Specifications Pledge, IBM Corp, 12 December 2011, 10 September 2012, The Software Freedom Law Center has examined whether there are any legal barriers to the use of the OpenDocument Format (ODF) in free and open source software arising from the standardization process. In their opinion ODF is free of legal encumbrances that would prevent its use in free and open source software, as distributed under licenses authored by Apache and the FSF.{{cn|date=March 2019}}


Support for OpenDocument

Several governments, companies, organizations and software products support the OpenDocument format. For example:
  • The OpenDoc Society runs frequent ODF Plugfests in association with industry groups and Public Sector organisations. The 10th Plugfest10th Plugfest hosted by the UK Cabinet Office December 2014 was hosted by the UK Government Digital Service in conjunction with industry associations including the OpenForum Europe and OpenUK (formerly Open Source Consortium).
    • An output of the 10th Plugfest was an ODF toolkiweblink which includes "Open Document Format principles for Government Technology" that has the purpose of simply explaining the case for ODF directed at the "average civil servant" and includes an extract from the UK Government policy relating to Open Document Format.
    • The toolkit also includes a single page graphical imagweblink" title="">weblink designed to articulate the consequences of not choosing Open Document Format. The illustration has now been translated into more than 10 languages.
  • Information technology companies like Apple Inc., Adobe Systems, Google, IBM, Intel, Microsoft, Nokia, Novell, Red Hat, Oracle as well as other companies who may or may not be working inside the OASIS OpenDocument Adoption Technical Committee.
  • Over 600 companies and organizations promote OpenDocument format through The OpenDocument Format Alliance.WEB,weblink ODF Alliance members, 24 May 2009, ODF Alliance, dead,weblink" title="">weblink 3 April 2009, dmy-all,
  • NATO with its 26 members uses ODF as a mandatory standard for all members.WEB,weblink NATO supports ODF open document format, Stefan, Krempl, The H Open, 18 July 2008, 10 September 2012,weblink" title="">weblink 24 September 2009, dead, dmy-all,
  • The TAC (Telematics between Administrations Committee), composed of e-government policy-makers from the 25 European Union Member States, endorsed a set of recommendations for promoting the use of open document formats in the public sector.WEB,weblink IDA promotes the use of open document formats for e-government interoperability, IDA Report 22, June 2004, IDABC, 10 September 2012,
  • The free office suites Apache OpenOffice, Calligra, KOffice, NeoOffice and LibreOffice all use OpenDocument as their default file format.
  • Several organisations, such as the weblink" title="">OpenDocument Fellowship and OpenDoc Society were founded to support and promote OpenDocument.
  • The UK government has adopted ODF as the standard for all documents in the UK civil serviceWEB,weblink Open document formats selected to meet user needs,
  • The Wikimedia Foundation supports ODF export from MediaWiki, which powers Pseudopedia and a number of other Internet wiki-based sites.WEB,weblink Wikis Go Printable, Wikimedia Foundation, 13 December 2007, 31 December 2007,
  • The default text processing applications in Windows 10 (WordPad) and Mac OS 10.9 (TextEdit) support OpenDocument Text.
On 4 November 2005, IBM and Sun Microsystems convened the "OpenDocument (ODF) Summit" in Armonk, New York, to discuss how to boost OpenDocument adoption. The ODF Summit brought together representatives from several industry groups and technology companies, including Oracle, Google, Adobe, Novell, Red Hat, Computer Associates, Corel, Nokia, Intel, and Linux e-mail company Scalix (LaMonica, 10 November 2005). The providers committed resources to technically improve OpenDocument through existing standards bodies and to promote its usage in the marketplace, possibly through a stand-alone foundation.WEB,weblink OpenDocument format gathers steam, Martin LaMonica, CNET News, 10 November 2005, 10 September 2012, Scholars have suggested that the "OpenDocument standard is the wedge that can hold open the door for competition, particularly with regard to the specific concerns of the public sector."WEB, 1656616, Tony Casson, Patrick S. Ryan, 1 May 2006, Open Standards, Open Source Adoption in the Public Sector, and Their Relationship to Microsoft's Market Dominance, Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc., Indeed, adoption by the public sector has risen considerably since the promulgation of the OpenDocument format initiated the 2005/2006 time period.
  • Different applications using ODF as a standard document format have different methods of providing macro/scripting capabilities. There is no macro language specified in ODF. Users and developers differ on whether inclusion of a standard scripting language would be desirable.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink 21 May 2011, Macros an obstacle to office suite compatibility, Marco Fioretti, 11 May 2008,
  • The ODF specification for tracked changes is limited and does not fully specify all cases, resulting in implementation-specific behaviors.WEB,weblink Tracked Changes, Doug Mahugh (Microsoft), 13 May 2009, In addition, OpenDocument does not support change tracking in elements like tables or MathML.WEB,weblink Do your math - OOXML and OMML (Updated 2008-02-12), Jesper Lund Stocholm (Danish ISO/IEC representative), 12 December 2008, bot: unknown,weblink" title="">weblink 26 March 2016, dmy-all,
  • It is not permitted to use generic ODF formatting style elements (like font information) for the MathML elements.


One objective of open formats like OpenDocument is to guarantee long-term access to data without legal or technical barriers, and some governments have come to view open formats as a public policy issue. Several governments around the world have introduced policies of partial or complete adoption. What this means varies from case to case; in some cases, it means that the ODF standard has a national standard identifier; in some cases, it means that the ODF standard is permitted to be used where national regulation says that non-proprietary formats must be used, and in still other cases, it means that some government body has actually decided that ODF will be used in some specific context. The following is an incomplete list:{| class="wikitable"!style="padding:0.25em 1.0em;"| International !rowspan="4" style="padding:0.25em 1.0em;"| National!style="text-align:right;padding-right:0.5em;"| Africa !style="text-align:right;padding-right:0.5em;"| Asia
  • Japan
  • Malaysia
  • India
  • Russia
  • South Korea
  • TaiwanWEB,weblink Promote Government's Open Document Standards Develop New Value for Document Circulation, National Development Council Taiwan, 9 June 2015, WEB,weblink Successful Story: Migrating Libreoffice to I-Lan County Government, Franklin Weng, 24 Sep 2015, WEB,weblink Taiwan migration to ODF: progress, problems and what to do next, Franklin Weng, 8 Sep 2016,
!style="text-align:right;padding-right:0.5em;"| Europe
  • European Unionweblink
    • Belgium
    • Croatia
    • Denmark
    • France
    • GermanyWEB,weblink Antwort der Bundesregierung auf die Kleine Anfrage der Abgeordneten Dr. Konstantin von Notz, Ingrid Hönlinger, Memet Kilic, weiterer Abgeordneter und der Fraktion BÃœNDNIS 90/DIE GRÃœNEN – Drucksache 17/5589, 5 May 2011, 14 July 2017,
    • Hungary
    • Italy
    • LatviaWEB, Elektronisko dokumentu izstrādāšanas, noformÄ“Å¡anas, glabāšanas un aprites kārtÄ«ba valsts un paÅ¡valdÄ«bu iestādÄ“s un kārtÄ«ba, kādā notiek elektronisko dokumentu aprite starp valsts un paÅ¡valdÄ«bu iestādÄ“m vai starp Å¡Ä«m iestādÄ“m un fiziskajām un juridiskajām personām,weblink 28 November 2016,
    • NetherlandsWEB, ODF 1.2 on Dutch "apply or explain" list,weblink
    • PolandWEB,weblink RozporzÄ…dzenie Rady Ministrów z dnia 12 kwietnia 2012 r. w sprawie Krajowych Ram InteroperacyjnoÅ›ci, minimalnych wymagaÅ„ dla rejestrów publicznych i wymiany informacji w postaci elektronicznej oraz minimalnych wymagaÅ„ dla systemów teleinformatycznych, Internetowy System Aktów Prawnych, 2016-05-17,
    • PortugalWEB,weblink ESOP » Portugal publishes open standards catalog. ODF, PDF and several other standards are mandatory,, 2013-05-01,weblink" title="">weblink 2 April 2013, dead, dmy-all,
    • Slovakia
    • SwedenWEB, Öppna standarder - Programvaror och tjänster 2014,weblink {{Dead link|date=September 2018 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}
    • United KingdomWEB,weblink Open source, open standards and re-use: government action plan, Government of the United Kingdom, 27 January 2010,
  • NorwayWEB, New obligatory IT standards for the state sector adopted,weblink 19 December 2012,
  • Russia
  • Serbia
  • Switzerland
  • Turkey
!style="text-align:right;white-space:nowrap;padding-right:0.5em;"| South America
  • Brazil
  • UruguayWEB,weblink Estándares de ofimática, Agencia de Gobierno Electrónico y Sociedad de la Información y del Conocimiento, 2017-11-28,
  • Venezuela
!style="padding:0.25em 1.0em;"| Subnational
  • Andalusia, Spain
  • Assam, India
  • Extremadura, Spain
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Kerala, India
  • Massachusetts, United StatesWEB,weblink Massachusetts Verdict: MS Office Formats Out, 24 September 2005, eWeek, 23 October 2012,
  • Misiones, Argentina
  • Munich, Bavaria, GermanyWEB,weblink Munich administration switches to OpenDocument Format, Stefan Krempl, 5 January 2010, Open source OpenDocument Format (ODF) is now the main document exchange standard, with PDF being used for non-editable files.,
  • Paraná, Brazil

See also



External links

{{OASIS Standards}}{{Office document file formats}}{{ISO standards}}{{OpenOffice|state=collapsed}}{{List of International Electrotechnical Commission standards}}{{Document markup languages}}{{Authority control}}

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