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Open-mid front unrounded vowel

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Open-mid front unrounded vowel
[ temporary import ]
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{{Short description|vowel sound like "e" in English "get"}}







factoids
{{IPA vowels|class=floatright}}The open-mid front unrounded vowel, or low-mid front unrounded vowel,{{Vowel terminology}} is a type of vowel sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is a Latinized variant of the Greek lowercase epsilon, {{angbr IPA|É›}}.

Features

{{open-mid vowel}}{{front vowel}}{{unrounded vowel}}

Occurrence{| class"wikitable" style"clear: both;"

! colspan=2| Language !! Word !! IPA !! Meaning !! Notes|Arabic|||||See Imāla
Armenian language>Armenian Eastern Armenian{{sfnp>Dum-Tragutp=13}} >[ɛd͡ʒ]}} 'page'
Bavarian language>Bavarian Amstetten, Lower Austria dialect{{Harvcoltxt>TraunmüllerLadefoged1996 {{example neededæ}}.
Bengali language{{sfnp>Khanp=222}} >[ɛk]}} 'one' See Bengali phonology
Bulgarian language{{sfnp>Ternes1999 {{IPA| See Bulgarian phonology
Burmese language{{sfnp>Watkinspp=292–293}} {{fixdate=March 2017}} {{IPA|
Catalan language{{sfnp>Carbonell1992 {{IPA| See Catalan phonology
Chinese language>ChineseStandard Chinese>Mandarin{{sfnp2007|p=65}}Zh-tiān.ogghelp=no}}|'sky'|Height varies between mid and open depending on the speaker. See Standard Chinese phonology
Czech language{{sfnp>Dankovičováp=72}}{{sfnpPodlipský2012 {{IPA[ɛ]}}, open-mid near-front {{IPAɛ̝Dankovičováp=72}} See Czech phonology
Danish language>Danish Standard{{sfnp1998Basbøllp=45}} >[ˈfʁɛsɡ̊]}} 'fresh' Most often transcribed in IPA with {{angbr IPA|æ}}. See Danish phonology
Dutch language >Gussenhovenp=47}} >Nl-bed.ogg| See Dutch phonology
The Hague dialect>The Hague{{sfnpMeesp=136}} >Gents-jij.ogg[ɛi]}} in standard Dutch.
English language >General American{{sfnp>MannellHarrington ''English orthographyed'' > {{Audio-IPA[bɛd]}} rowspan="4" |
Northern England English>Northern England{{sfnp2009Lodgep=163}}
Received Pronunciation{{sfnp>Schmittpp=322–323}}HTTP://WWW.BL.UK/LEARNING/LANGLIT/SOUNDS/CASE-STUDIES/RECEIVED-PRONUNCIATION/VOWEL-SOUNDS-RP/>ACCESSDATE=2013-05-26PUBLISHER=BRITISH LIBRARY, Older RP speakers pronounce a closer vowel {{IPAblink|e̞}}. See English phonology
Scottish English>Scottish{{sfnpGordeeva2006|
Cockney{{sfnp>Hughes1979 ''English orthographyat'' > {{IPA 'fat'
Singaporean English>Singaporean{{sfnpBrown|
New Zealand English>New Zealand{{sfnpCox2009b}} See New Zealand English phonology
South African English>South African speakers{{sfnp1967æ}} or {{IPAblink|a}}. See South African English phonology
Mid-Ulster English>BelfastHTTP://WWW.PHON.UCL.AC.UK/HOME/WELLS/X202-18A-NI.PDF>ACCESSDATE=2013-05-26English orthography>days {{IPA[iə]}} in closed syllables; corresponds to {{IPA|[eɪ]}} in RP.
Zulu English>ZuluHTTP://WWW.UND.AC.ZA/UND/LING/ARCHIVE/WADE_CH4.HTML >TITLE=RODRIK WADE, MA THESIS, CH 4: STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ZULU ENGLISH DEADURL=BOT: UNKNOWN ARCHIVEDATE=MAY 17, 2008 English orthography>mate {{IPAMet–mate merger>met-mate merger.
Faroese language{{sfnp>Árnasonpp=68, 75}} >[fɹɛʰkt]}} 'greedy' See Faroese phonology
French language{{sfnp>Fougeron1993Collins2013 {{Audio-IPA[bɛt̪]}} 'beast' See French phonology
Galician language > {{IPA|See Galician phonology
Georgian language{{sfnp>Shosted2006 {{IPA|
German language >Standard German>Standard{{sfnp2003DudenredaktionKnöblp=34}} >De-Bett.oggɛ̝}}.{{sfnp1999|p=87}} See Standard German phonology
DudenredaktionKnöblp=40}} rowspan="2" rowspan="2" [ˈoːdɛ]}} rowspan="2" Used instead of {{IPAblinkDudenredaktionKnöblp=40}} See Standard German phonology
DudenredaktionKnöblp=40}}
DudenredaktionKnöblp=64}} >[fɛt]}} 'fat' Contrasts with the close-mid {{IPAblinkDudenredaktionKnöblp=64}} See Standard German phonology
DudenredaktionKnöblp=65}} >[z̥ɛː]}} 'lake' Close-mid {{IPAblinkæː}}.{{sfnpKleiner2015|pp=34, 65}} See Standard German phonology
Italian language{{sfnp>Rogers2004 {{Audio-IPA[ˈbɛːne]}} 'good' See Italian phonology
Kaingang language{{sfnp>Jolkeskypp=676–677, 682}} mbre {{IPA|
Korean language >[mɛːmi]}} 'cicada' See Korean phonology
KurdishKurmanji>Kurmanji (Northern)[hɛvdɛ]}}'seventeen'See Kurdish phonology
Sorani>Sorani (Central)[hɛvdæ]}}
Palewani>Palewani (Southern)[hɛvda]}}
Limburgish language{{sfnp>Gussenhoven1999Petersp=119}}{{sfnp2007[kʀ̝ɛːm]}} 'cream' The example word is from the Maastrichtian dialect.
Lower Sorbian language{{sfnp>Stonep=600}} {{IPA|
Luxembourgish language{{sfnp>Gilles2013[ʃtɛːɐ̯]}} 'star' Allophone of {{IPA/ʀ/}}.{{sfnpTrouvainp=70}} See Luxembourgish phonology
Norwegian language>Norwegian Sognamål dialect{{sfnp>Haugenp=30}} >[pʰɛst]}} 'plague See Norwegian phonology
Polish language{{sfnp>Jassemp=105}} >Pl-ten.ogg| See Polish phonology
Portuguese language >Cruz-Ferreirap=91}}Variação inter- e intra-dialetal no português brasileiro: um problema para a teoria fonológica – Seung-Hwa LEE & Marco A. de Oliveira {{webarchiveweblink >date=2014-12-15 }} >[me̞ˈl̪ɛ̞kə]}} 'goo' Stressed vowel might be lower {{IPAblink[{{IPAplinke}} {{IPAplinki}} {{IPAplinkɨ}}]}}, varies according to dialect.
Lista das marcas dialetais e ouros fenómenos de variação (fonética e fonológica) identificados nas amostras do Arquivo Dialetal do CLUP > {{IPA| Timbre differences for nasalized vowels are mainly kept in European Portuguese. See Portuguese phonology
Romanian language>Romanian Transylvanian dialects{{sfnp1938 {{IPAeÌž}} in standard Romanian. See Romanian phonology
Russian language{{sfnp>Jones1969 {{Audio-IPA[ˈɛt̪ə]}} 'this' See Russian phonology
Shiwiar language{{sfnp>Fast Mowitzp=2}} {{example needed/a/}}.
Slovene language > {{IPA| See Slovene phonology
Spanish language >Andalusian Spanish>Eastern Andalusian{{sfnp1967 > {{IPA 'the mothers' rowspan="2" eÌž}} in other dialects, but in these dialects they're distinct. See Spanish phonology
Murcian Spanish>Murcian{{sfnp1967|p=?}}
Swahili|shule|[ʃulɛ]|'school'|
Swedish language>Swedish Central Standard{{sfnp1999 {{IPAImperative mood>imp.) Somewhat retracted.{{sfnp1999|p=140}} See Swedish phonology
Turkish language{{sfnp>Göksel2005Zimmer1999 {{IPA/e/}} described variously as "word-final"{{sfnpKerslakep=10}} and "occurring in final open syllable of a phrase".{{sfnpOrganp=155}} See Turkish phonology
Twi|ɛyɛ||'it is good/fine'Twi#Alphabets>Twi phonology
Ukrainian language{{sfnp>Danyenko1995 {{IPA| See Ukrainian phonology
Upper Sorbian language{{sfnp>Stonep=600}}{{sfnp1984[ˈt͡ʃɛlɔ]}} 'calf' See Upper Sorbian phonology
West Frisian language{{sfnp>Tiersmap=10}} {{IPA| See West Frisian phonology
Yoruba language{{sfnp>Bamgboṣep=166}} lang="yo"Standard Yoruba>ẹsẹ̀ {{IPA|

See also

Notes

{{Reflist|30em}}

References

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External links

  • {{phoible|É›}}
{{IPA navigation}}

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