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Ohrid
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{{other uses}}{{Coord|41|07|01|N|20|48|06|E|region:MK_type:city|display=title}}







factoids
Macedonian Jerusalem"The Mirror of the Macedonian Spirit, Zlate Petrovski, SaÅ¡o Talevski, Napredok, 2004, {{ISBN>978-9989-730-38-2}}, page 72: "... and Macedonia in the Cathedral Church St. Sofia in the Macedonian Jerusalem â€” Ohrid..."European JerusalemDnevnik newspaper - Interview with the ambassador of Israel to Macedonia {{webarchiveweblink >date=28 September 2011 }} {{mk icon}}| image_skyline = Самуилова крепост, Охрид, Македония.jpg| image_caption = Ohrid and Lake Ohrid| image_flag = | image_blank_emblem = | blank_emblem_type = Coat of arms| pushpin_map = North Macedonia| pushpin_map_caption = Location in North Macedonia| coordinates_footnotes = | subdivision_type = CountryNorth Macedonia}}Municipalities of North Macedonia>Municipality| subdivision_name1 = Ohrid Municipality| leader_title = Mayor| leader_name = Konstantin Georgeski(Acting Mayor)| area_total_sq_mi = | area_total_km2 = 383.93| population_as_of = 2002| population_total = 42,033| population_density_km2 = 142.97| population_density_sq_mi = Central European Time>CET| utc_offset = +1| timezone_DST = | utc_offset_DST = 41012006region:MK|display=inline}}| elevation_m = 695| elevation_ft = | postal_code_type = Postal codes| postal_code = 6000| area_code = 389 46Köppen climate classification>ClimateOceanic climate>Cfb| blank1_name = Patron saintsClement of Ohrid>Saint Clement and Saint Naum embed=yes
| designation1 = WHS
| designation1_offname = Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region
| designation1_free1name = State party
| designation1_free1value = North Macedonia
| designation1_type = Natural, Cultural
| designation1_criteria = i, iii, iv, vii
| designation1_number = 99
| designation1_free2name = Region
| designation1_free2value = Europe and North America
| designation1_date = 1979 {{small|(3rd session)}}
| designation1_free3name = Extensions
| designation1_free3value = 1980, 2019
}}
}}Ohrid ( {{IPA-mk|ˈɔxrit||Mk-Ohrid.ogg}}) is a city in North Macedonia, the seat of Ohrid Municipality. It is the largest city on Lake Ohrid and the eighth-largest city in the country, with over 42,000 inhabitants as of 2002. Ohrid once had 365 churches, one for each day of the year, and has been referred to as a "Jerusalem of the Balkans".Between past and future: civil-military relations in post-communist Balkan states, Biljana Vankovska, Håkan Wiberg, I.B.Tauris, 2003, {{ISBN|1-86064-624-7}}, p. 71. The city is rich in picturesque houses and monuments, and tourism is predominant. It is located southwest of Skopje, west of Resen and Bitola. In 1979 and in 1980 respectively, Ohrid and Lake Ohrid were accepted as Cultural and Natural World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Ohrid is one of only 28 sites that are part of UNESCO's World Heritage that are Cultural as well as Natural sites.Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region

Name

{{See also|Names of European cities in different languages: M-P#O}}(File:Ohrid by night.jpg|thumbnail|left|Ohrid by night. The ancient name of the city was Lychnidos, which probably means "city of light")In antiquity the city was known under the ancient Greek name of Λυχνίς (Lychnis) and Λυχνιδός (Lychnidos) and the Latin Lychnidus,DGRG, Lychnidus, Lychnĭdus, Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898), on Perseus probably meaning "city of light", literally "a precious stone that emits light",λυχνίς, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus from λύχνος (lychnos), "lamp, portable light".λύχνος, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus Polybius, writing in the second century BC, refers to the town as Λυχνίδιον - Lichnidion.POLYBIUS, 34.12, It became capital of the First Bulgarian Empire in the early medieval period, and was often referred to by Byzantine writers as Achrida (Ἄχριδα, Ὄχριδα, or Ἄχρις).Anna Komnene, Alexiad, 13; Cedrenus, Synopsis historion, vol. ii. p. 468, ed. Bonn; John VI Kantakouzenos, History, 2.21. By 879 AD, the town was no longer called Lychnidos but was referred to as Ohrid.Evans, Thammy, Macedonia, Bradt Travel Guides, 2012, p.173WEB,weblink Ohrid Vacation, Travel, Tourism, Visit Ohrid - Official Web Site of the Municipality of Ohrid, www.ohrid.com.mk, 23 January 2016,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100626071127weblink">weblink 26 June 2010, yes, dmy-all, In Macedonian language and the other South Slavic languages, the name of the city is Ohrid (Охрид). In Albanian, the city is known as Ohër or Ohri and in modern Greek Ochrida (Οχρίδα, Ωχρίδα) and Achrida (Αχρίδα).

History

Ancient age

(File:Map of ancient Epirus and environs (English).svg|right|thumb|Distribution of cities in antiquity in the border of southern Illyria with Greeks and Thracians.)The earliest inhabitants of the widest Lake Ohrid region were the Enchele, an Illyrian tribeAufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung, Hildegard Temporini, Wolfgang Haase, Walter de Gruyter, 1983, {{ISBN|3-11-009525-4}}, p. 537 and the Dassaretae, an ancient Greek tribe based further East in the region of Lynkestis.BOOK, NGL, Hammond, Philip of Macedon, Duckworth, London, UK, 1994, Crew, P. Mack. The Cambridge Ancient History - The Expansion of the Greek World, Eighth to Sixth Centuries B.C. Part 3: Volume 3, p. 284. According to recent excavations this was a town as early as of king Phillip II of Macedon.WEB
,weblink
, Culture â€” Republic of Macedonia
, www.culture.in.mk
, 2008-10-13
,
,
, yes
,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20081202033839weblink">weblink
, 2 December 2008
, dmy-all
,
They conclude that Samuil's Fortress was built on the place of an earlier fortification, dated to 4th century BC. During the Roman conquests, towards the end of 3rd and the beginning of 2nd century BC, the Dassaretae and the region Dassaretia were mentioned, as well as the ancient Greek city of Lychnidos (Greek: Λυχνιδός).Nigel M. Kennell, Ephebeia: a register of Greek cities with citizen training systems in the Hellenistic and Roman periods, Weidmann, 2006 The existence of the ancient Greek city of Lychnidos is linked to the Greek myth of the Phoenician prince Cadmus who, banished from Thebes, in Boeotia, fled to the Enchele Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,{{ISBN|978-0-631-19807-9}}, page 98,"the Illyrian Enchele, the 'eel-men', whose name points to a location near Lake Ohrid" and founded the town of LychnidosGreek Anthology Book 7, § 7.697 on the shores of the modern Lake Ohrid.Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,{{ISBN|978-0-631-19807-9}}, Page 99:"... 99 victory would be theirs if they received Cadmus as king. After this had come about as foretold, Cadmus and Harmonia ruled over them and founded the towns of Bouthoe (Budva) and Lychnidus (Ohrid). ..." The Lake of Ohrid, the ancient Greek Lacus Lychnitis (Greek: Λυχνίτις), whose blue and exceedingly transparent waters in antiquity gave to the lake its Greek name; it was still called so occasionally in the Middle Ages. It was located along the Via Egnatia, which connected the Adriatic port Dyrrachion (present-day Durrës) with Byzantium. Archaeological excavations (e.g., the Polyconch Basilica from 5th century) prove early adoption of Christianity in the area. Bishops from Lychnidos participated in multiple ecumenical councils.

Middle Ages

File:Plaoshnikmosaic.JPG|thumb|left|Floor mosaic in the Polyconch Basilica.]]File:Ohrid annunciation icon.jpg|thumb|The Annunciation from Ohrid, one of the most admired icons of the Paleologan Mannerism from the Church of St. Climent.]]The South Slavs began to arrive in the area during the 6th century AD. By the early 7th century it was colonized by a Slavic tribe known as the Berziti. Bulgaria conquered the city around 840.Dimitar Bechev, Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Macedonia,Historical Dictionaries of Europe, Scarecrow Press, 2009, {{ISBN|0810862956}}, p. xx. The name Ohrid first appeared in 879. The Ohrid Literary School established in 886 by Clement of Ohrid became one of the two major cultural centres of the First Bulgarian Empire. Between 990 and 1015, Ohrid was the capital and stronghold of the Bulgarian Empire.Old Hermit's Almanac by Edward Hays,1997,{{ISBN|978-0-939516-37-7}}, page 82: "... He sent word to Samuel, the ruler in the Bulgarian capital of Ohrid, that he was returning 15,000 of his prisoners of war. ..." From 990 to 1018 Ohrid was also the seat of the Bulgarian Patriarchate.Paul Robert Magocsi, Historical Atlas of Central Europe, (University of Washington Press, 2002), 10. After the Byzantine reconquest of the city in 1018 by Basil II, the Bulgarian Patriarchate was downgraded to an Archbishopric of Ohrid, and placed under the authority of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.The higher clergy after 1018 was almost invariably Greek, including during the period of Ottoman domination, until the abolition of the archbishopric in 1767. At the beginning of the 16th century the archbishopric reached its peak subordinating the Sofia, Vidin, Vlach and Moldavian eparchies, part of the former medieval Serbian Patriarchate of Peć, (including Patriarchal Monastery of Peć itself), and even the Orthodox districts of Italy (Apulia, Calabria and Sicily), Venice and Dalmatia.As an episcopal city, Ohrid was a cultural center of great importance for the Balkans. Almost all surviving churches were built by the Byzantines and by the Bulgarians, the rest of them date back to the short time of Serbian rule during the late Middle Ages.UNESCO World heritage site for World heritage travellers, Ohrid region.Bohemond, leading a Norman army from southern Italy, took the city in 1083. Byzantines regained it in 1085. In the 13th and 14th century the city changed hands between the Despotate of Epirus, the Bulgarian, the Byzantine and the Serbian Empires, as well as local Albanian rulers. In the mid-13th century Ohrid was one of the cities ruled by Pal Gropa, a member of the Albanian noble Gropa family.WEB,weblink Regnum Albaniae and the Papal Curia, Lala, Etleva, Gerhard Jaritz, 2008, Central European University, 59, 3 February 2011, In 1334 the city was captured by Stefan Uroš IV Dušan and incorporated in the Serbian Empire.BOOK, Dobson, Richard Barrie, Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages,weblink 19 April 2011, 2000, Editions du Cerf, 978-1-57958-282-1, 1044, After Dusan's death the city came under the control of Andrea Gropa, while after his death Prince Marko incorporated it in the Kingdom of Prilep.BOOK, Soulis, George Christos, The Serbs and Byzantium during the reign of Tsar Stephen Dušan (1331-1355) and his successors,weblink 16 April 2011, 1984, Dumbarton Oaks Library and Collection, 978-0-88402-137-7, 142, In the early 1370s Marko lost Ohrid to Pal II Gropa, another member of the Gropa family and unsuccessfully tried to recapture it in 1375 with Ottoman assistance.BOOK, Tsvetkov, Plamen S., A history of the Balkans: a regional overview from a Bulgarian perspective,weblink 19 April 2011, 1993, EM Text, 978-0-7734-1956-8, 219, In 1395 the Ottomans under Bayezid I captured the city which became the seat of the newly established Sanjak of Ohrid. In September 14–15, 1464 12,000 troops of the League of Lezhë and 1,000 of the Republic of Venice defeated a 14,000-man Ottoman force near the city. When Mehmed II returned from Albania after his actions against Skanderbeg in 1466 he dethroned Dorotheos, the Archbishop of Ohrid, and expatriated him together with his clerks and boyars and considerable number of citizens of Ohrid to Istanbul, probably because of their anti-Ottoman activities during Skanderbeg's rebellion when many citizens of Ohrid, including Dorotheos and his clergy, supported Skanderbeg and his fight.{{Citation |last=Shukarova |first=Aneta |author2= Mitko B. Panov|author3=Dragi Georgiev|author4=Krste Bitovski|author5=Academician Ivan Katardžiev|author-link5=Ivan Katardžiev|author6=Vanche Stojchev|author7= Novica Veljanovski|author8=Todor Chepreganov |editor=Todor Chepreganov |title= History of the Macedonian People |url=https://www.scribd.com/doc/66035878/History-of-The-Macedonian-People-ed-Todor-Chepreganov-Institute-of-National-History-Skopje-2008 |accessdate= 26 December 2011|year= 2008 |publisher= Institute of National History |location= Skopje |isbn=9989-159-24-6 |oclc=276645834 |page=133 |quote= deportation of the Archbishop of Ohrid, Dorotei, to Istanbul in 1466, to-gether with other clerks and bolyars who probably were expatriated be-cause of their anti Ottoman acts during the Skender-Bey’s rebellion.}}{{Citation |last= |first= |author= Srpsko arheološko društvo |title=Starinar |url=weblink |year= 1951 |publisher= Arheološki institut |location= Belgrade |language= Serbian |isbn= |oclc=1586392 |page=181 |quote=После борби које је водио султан Мехмед против Скендербега 1466 године. Пошто је победио Скендербега, султан је, у повратку, преселио известан број грађана и свргнуо охридског архиепископа Доротеја. Очигледно је, да су бар извесни Охриђани покушали да се ослободе Турака и да су и да су помагали борбу Скендербега. Исто тако је јасно да је ову акцију помагао и охридски архиепископ Доротеј.}}BOOK, Balkan studies, 1984, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences,weblink Institut za balkanistika, 9 January 2012, 71, Mehmed II moved considerable number of prominent Ohrid families. The cause for that was the worsening of the relations between Ottoman authorities and Ohrid archbishopic... were in favor of helping the struggle of Albanian people,

Modern

File:Robevihouse.JPG|thumb|right|The house of the wealthy Robevi family.]]The Christian population declined during the first centuries of Ottoman rule. In 1664 there were only 142 Christian houses. The situation changed in the 18th century when Ohrid emerged as an important trade center on a major trade route. At the end of this century it had around five thousand inhabitants. Towards the end of the 18th century and in the early part of the 19th century, Ohrid region, like other parts of European Turkey, was a hotbed of unrest. In the 19th century the region of Ohrid became part of the Pashalik of Scutari, ruled by the Bushati family.BOOK, Iseni, Bashkim, La Question Nationale En Europe Du Sud-Est: Genese, Emergence Et Developpement de L'Identite Nationale Albanaise Au Kosovo Et En Macedoine,weblink 23 December 2010, 2008, Peter Lang, 978-3-03911-320-0, 120, After the Christian population of the bishopric of Ohrid voted on a plebiscite in 1874 overwhelmingly in favour of joining the Bulgarian Exarchate (97%), the Exarchate became in control of the area.Църква и църковен живот в Македония, Петър Петров, Христо Темелски, Македонски Научен Институт, София, 2003 г. In 1889, according to a French research, the city had 2.500-3.000 houses and approximately 12.000 individuals, of which 2/3 were Bulgarians and Vlachs and the rest 1/3 were Albanophone Muslims with 20-25 Slavophone Greek families.G. A. Mano, Résumé géographique de la Grèce et de la Turquie d’Europe, «Collection des Résumés géographiques», Paris 1826, t. 5, p. 545. In statistics gathered by Vasil Kanchov in 1900, the city of Ohrid was inhabited by 8000 Bulgarians, 5000 Turks, 500 Muslim Albanians, 300 Christian Albanians, 460 Vlachs and 600 Romani.Vasil Kanchov (1900). Macedonia: Ethnography and Statistics. Sofia. p. 252. Before 1912, Ohrid was a township center bounded to Monastir sanjak in Manastir Vilayet (present-day Bitola). The city remained under the Ottomans until 29 November 1912, when the Serbian army took control of the city, which was made as the capital of Ohrid district (okrug). In September 1913 local Albanian and pro-Bulgarian Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization leaders rebelled against the Kingdom of Serbia. It was occupied by Kingdom of Bulgaria between 1915 and 1918 during World War I.(File:Ohrid, North Macedonia.jpg|thumb|World War 1, Postcard, Bulgarian Army in Ochrid Macedonia 1915.)During Kingdom of Yugoslavia Ohrid continued to be as an independent district (Охридског округа) (1918-1922), then it became a part of Bitola Oblast (1920-1929), and then from 1929 to 1941, Ohrid was part of the Vardar Banovina. It was occupied again by Bulgaria between 1941 and 1944 during World War II. Since the days of SFR Yugoslavia Ohrid has been the municipal seat of Municipality of Ohrid (Општина Охрид). Since 1991 the town is part of the Republic of Macedonia.

Geography and climate

Ohrid is located in the south-western part of North Macedonia, on the banks of Lake Ohrid, at an elevation of 695 meters above sea level.Ohrid has a warm-summer mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csb), bordering on an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb) moderated by its elevation, as the mean temperature of the warmest month is just above {{convert|22|°C|1|abbr=on}} and every summer month receives less than {{convert|40|mm|in}} of rainfall. The coldest month is January with the average temperature {{convert|2.5|°C|1|abbr=on}} or in a range between {{convert|6.2|°C|1|abbr=on}} and {{convert|-1.5|°C|1|abbr=on}}. The warmest month is August with average range of {{convert|27.7|°C|0|abbr=on}}-{{convert|14.2|°C|1|abbr=on}}. The rainiest month is November, which sees on average {{convert|90.5|mm|1|abbr=on}} of rain. The summer months of June, July and August receive the least amount of rain, around {{convert|30|mm|1|abbr=on}}. The absolute minimum temperature is {{convert|-17.8|°C|1|abbr=on}} and the maximum {{convert|38.5|°C|1|abbr=on}}.{{Weather box|width=auto|location = Ohrid|metric first = Y|single line = Y|Jan high C = 6.2|Feb high C = 7.6|Mar high C = 11.0|Apr high C = 15.1|May high C = 20.4|Jun high C = 24.8|Jul high C = 27.6|Aug high C = 27.7|Sep high C = 23.6|Oct high C = 17.7|Nov high C = 11.6|Dec high C = 7.2|year high C = 16.7|Jan low C = -1.5|Feb low C = -0.9|Mar low C = 1.2|Apr low C = 4.6|May low C = 8.7|Jun low C = 12.0|Jul low C = 14.0|Aug low C = 14.2|Sep low C = 11.2|Oct low C = 7.2|Nov low C = 3.1|Dec low C = 0.0|year low C = 6.2|precipitation colour = green|Jan precipitation mm = 53.7|Feb precipitation mm = 60.2|Mar precipitation mm = 55.9|Apr precipitation mm = 55.9|May precipitation mm = 56.7|Jun precipitation mm = 33.5|Jul precipitation mm = 30|Aug precipitation mm = 30.6|Sep precipitation mm = 47.9|Oct precipitation mm = 76.1|Nov precipitation mm = 90.5|Dec precipitation mm = 71.3|Jan precipitation days = 11|Feb precipitation days = 12|Mar precipitation days = 11|Apr precipitation days = 13|May precipitation days = 12|Jun precipitation days = 8|Jul precipitation days = 6|Aug precipitation days = 6|Sep precipitation days = 7|Oct precipitation days = 10|Nov precipitation days = 12|Dec precipitation days = 13|source 1 = World Meteorological Organisation (UN)WEB
,weblink
, World Weather Information Service – Ohrid, Macedonia
, 29 June 2015
, United Nations, 31 July 2015, |date=June 2015
}}

Demographics

(File:Vista de Ohrid, Macedonia, 2014-04-17, DD 02.JPG|thumb|right|Ohrid)As of the 2002 census, the city of Ohrid has 42,033 inhabitants and the ethnic composition was the following:Macedonian census, language and religion
  • Macedonians, 33,791 (80.4%)
  • Albanians, 2,959 (7.0%)
  • Turks, 2,256 (5.4%)
  • others, 3,027 (7.2%)
The mother tongues of the city's residents include the following:
  • Macedonian, 34,910 (83.1%)
  • Albanian, 3,957 (9.4%)
  • Turkish, 2,226 (5.3%)
  • others, 1,017 (2.4%)
The religious composition of the city was the following:
  • Orthodox Christians, 33,987 (80.9%)
  • Muslims, 7,599 (18.1%)
  • others, 447 (1.1%)
The oldest inhabitants of Ohrid are a few families that reside in the Varoš neighbourhood. Other Macedonians have settled in Ohrid and originate from the villages of the Kosel, Struga, Drimkol, Debarca, Malesija and Kičevo regions and other areas from southern Macedonia. In 1949, additional families from Aegean Macedonia settled in Ohrid.The presence of the Turkish community dates from their settlement in Ohrid during 1451-81. All Turks from the village of Peštani after selling properties and land moved to Ohrid by 1920 and today those few families are known as Peştanlı.BOOK, Wrocławski, Krzysztof, Македонскиот народен раскажувач Димо Стенкоски, 1979, Институт за фолклор,weblink 74, harv, "Денеска во Охридско живеат неколку турски семејства познати како Пештанлии. Тие се, имено, преселници од селото. По 1920 год. нема во Пештани „Турци" староседелци. Напуштајќи го селото, муслиманите ги продале куќите и полињата."Albanians in Ohrid originate from Albanian villages located on the western and southern areas of Lake Ohrid. There is a sizeable amount of Turkified Albanians in Ohrid who originate from the cities of Elbasan, Durrës and Ulcinj. Orthodox Albanians are also present and settled in Ohrid during the second half of the 19th century and originate from Pogradec, Lin, Çërravë and Peshkëpi.The local Romani population in Ohrid originates from Podgradec and speaks the southern Tosk Albanian dialect. In the latter decades of the 20th century, some Albanian speaking Muslim Romani from the villages of Krani and Nakolec have migrated to Ohrid.BOOK, Sugarman, Jane, Engendering song: Singing and subjectivity at Prespa Albanian weddings, 1997, University of Chicago Press, 9780226779720,weblink 9–10, harv, In Yugoslav censuses, Albanophone Ohrid Romani mainly declared as Albanians. As tensions between Albanians and the state increased over numbers regarding community size and sociopolitical rights, Romani identity became politicized and contested from the 1990s onward. Ohrid Albanophone Romani refused identification as Albanians seeing it as a result of Albanisation (or to be called Gypsies) and with encouragement from Macedonian circles now refers to itself as Egyptians whose ancestors migrated from Egypt many centuries ago. The Albanian language is considered by Ohrid Albanophone Romani as only a idiom of the home and not a mother tongue. Turkish speaking Romani reside in Ohrid that during the Yugoslav period self declared themselves mainly as Turks, while within independent Macedonia they identify as Egyptians.BOOK, Duijzings, Ger, The Making of Egyptians in Kosovo and Macedonia, Govers, Cora, Vermeulen, Hans, The politics of ethnic consciousness, 1997, Palgrave Macmillan, 9781349646739,weblink 195, 200–203, 218, harv, The earliest presence of the Aromanian population in Ohrid dates to 1778 arriving from Voskopojë, others from Kavajë (late 18th century), from the Myzeqe region, Elbasan, Llëngë and Mokër region (mid. 19th century) and also from Gorna Belica and Malovišta (late 19th century). A large part of Ohrid's Aromanian population has emigrated to Trieste, Odessa and Bucharest.BOOK, Włodzimierz, Pianka, Toponomastikata na Ohridsko-Prespanskiot bazen, 1970, Institut za makedonski jazik "Krste Misirkov",weblink 104–105, harv, "Најстари староседелци во градот се неколкуте старински родови во Варош. Другите Македонци се доселени од селата покрај Охридското Езеро, од Коселска Долина, Струшко Поле, Дримкол, Дерарца, Малесија, Кичевско и други краишта од Западна Македонија. По 1949 год. се доселени и повеќе семејства од Егејска Македонија. Турците се населени овде во год. 1451-81. Има и доста турцизирани Албанци (од Елбасанско, Драч, Улцињ). Албанците инаку се дојдени во градот од околните села на југ и запад од Охридското Езеро. Има и православни Албанци дојдени од Поградец, Лин, Черава и Пискупија во II пол. на XIX век. Власите се доселувале најпрво од Москополе (од 1778 год.), Каваја (крајот на XVIII век), Мизакија, Елбасан и Ланга во Мокра (сред. на XIX век), од Г. Белица и Маловишта (Битолско) кон крајот на минатиот век. Доста голем дел од нив се иселиле во Трст, Одеса и Букурешт. Циганите се доселени од Поградечко, зборуваат албански (тоскиски).... Циганите веројатно се определиле како Шиптари или Турци."

Main sights

(File:Iglesia de San Pantaleón, Ohrid, Macedonia, 2014-04-17, DD 35 HDR.jpg|thumbnail|right|The church of St. Clement and St. Panteleimon in Ohrid)(File:Sv.Bogorodica Perivlepta-1.jpg|thumbnail|Mother of God Perybleptos church, located across the icon gallery)File:St Sophia (Ohrid).jpg|thumbnail|Church of St. Sophia, OhridChurch of St. Sophia, OhridThere is a legend supported by observations by the 17th century Ottoman traveler Evliya Çelebi that there were 365 chapels within the town boundaries, one for every day of the year. Today this number is significantly smaller. Besides being a holy center of the region, it is also the source of knowledge and pan-Slavic literacy. The restored Monastery at Plaošnik was actually one of the oldest Universities in the western world, dating before the 10th century.Ohrid is also home to Vila Biljana, which serves as an official residence of the Prime Minister of North Macedonia.

Transportation

File:StPaultheApostleAirport-2.jpg|thumbnail|left|Ohrid "St. Paul the Apostle" AirportOhrid "St. Paul the Apostle" AirportThere is a nearby international airport, Ohrid Airport (now known as "St. Paul the Apostle Airport") that is open all year round.Until 1966, Ohrid was linked to Skopje by the Ohrid line, a {{convert|167|km}} long {{track gauge|600mm|disp=1}} narrow-gauge railway.

Sports

GFK Ohrid Lihnidos is a football team playing at the SRC Biljanini Izvori stadium in the city. As of the 2016–17 season they play in the third tier of the Macedonian Football League system.RK Ohrid is a handball team playing at Biljanini Izvori Sports Hall arena, with a capacity of 3,500. As of the 2016-17 season they play in the Macedonian Handball Super League, which is the top tier.The Ohrid Swimming Marathon is an international open water swimming competition, always taking place in the waters of Lake Ohrid. The swimmers are supposed to swim {{convert|30|km|0|abbr=on}} from the monastery of Saint Naum to the Ohrid harbor.

Recurring events

  • Ohrid Summer Festival, annual theater and music festival from July to August
  • Ohrid Choir Festival, annual international choir festival at the end of August
  • The Balkan Festival of Folk Songs and Dances, annual folklore music and dance festival at the beginning of July
  • Balkan music square festival, music festival in August in which ethnic musicians from the whole Balkan peninsular participate
  • Ohrid Fest (Охридски Трубадури), music festival in August in which musicians from the whole Balkan peninsular participate. This festival is held for four days which are divided into
    • Debutant Night,
    • Folk Night,
    • Pop Night and
    • International Night.
  • World Prized of Humanism in the Ohrid Academy of Humanism, created by Jordan Plevnes
  • Ohrid art and scientific meetings (Охридска научна и уметничка визита), held in House of Uranija-MANU,Ohrid by Macedonian academy of science and arts

International relations

{{See also|List of twin towns and sister cities in North Macedonia}}

Twin towns — Sister cities

Ohrid is twinned with:{| class="wikitable" valign="top"|

Gallery

File:Iglesia Bolnicka de la Sagrada Virgen María, Ohrid, Macedonia, 2014-04-17, DD 07.JPG|Holy Virgin Mary Bolnička churchFile:Vista de Ohrid, Macedonia, 2014-04-17, DD 05.JPG|View from the LakeSitio arqueológico de Plaosnik, Ohrid, Macedonia, 2014-04-17, DD 28.JPG|Archeological site of PlaosnikCosta de Ohrid, Macedonia, 2014-04-17, DD 12.JPG|Cliff in OhridCalle en Ohrid, Macedonia, 2014-04-17, DD 08.JPG|Street in the old townPuerto de Ohrid, Macedonia, 2014-04-17, DD 61.JPG|HarbourFile:Iglesia San Juan Kaneo, Ohrid, Macedonia, 2014-04-17, DD 19.JPG|The Church of St. John at Kaneo high above the lakeFile:Lake Ohrid from Galicica Mountain2.JPG|Lake OhridFile:Fortaleza de Samuel, Ohrid, Macedonia, 2014-04-17, DD 51.JPG|Interior of the Samuil's FortressFile:Saints Cyril and Methodius. Ohrid.RepublicOfMacedonia.JPG|Monument of saints Cyril and MethodiusChinarot na razglednica od 1922.jpg|Postcard of Ohrid, Plane Tree, from 1922Ohrid, razglednica od vozduh, 1930.jpg|Postcard of Ohrid, photo taken in 1930Ohrid, razglednica 2.jpg|Postcard of Ohrid from 1930'sChurch of Saints Clement and Panteleimon (Ohrid).jpg|Church of Saints Clement and Panteleimon by nightSamuil's Fortress in Ohrid (Самуилова тврђава у Охриду).jpg|Samuil's Fortress

See also

References

{{reflist|colwidth=30em}}

Sources

  • {{Catholic|wstitle=Achrida}}

External links

{{Ohrid}}{{Ohrid Municipality}}{{Towns in the Republic of Macedonia}}{{Capitals of Bulgaria}}{{Use dmy dates|date=October 2010}}{{Authority control}}

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