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ORP Burza

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ORP Burza
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{{Use dmy dates|date=August 2019}}{|







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|Ship name=ORP Burza|Ship namesake=Thunderstorm|Ship owner=|Ship operator=|Ship ordered=2 April 1926|Ship awarded=|Ship builder=Chantiers Navals Français, BlainvillePreston 1989 p.218|Ship yard number=|Ship way=|Ship laid down=1 November 1927|Ship launched=16 April 1929Kafka & Pepperburg 1946 p.948|Ship sponsor=|Ship christened=|Ship completed=|Ship acquired=|Ship commissioned=10 July 1932|Ship decommissioned=28 June 1960|Ship in service=|Ship out of service=|Ship renamed=|Ship reclassified=|Ship refit=|Ship struck=|Ship reinstated=|Ship homeport=|Ship motto=|Ship nickname=|Ship honours=|Ship honors=|Ship captured=|Ship fate=Scrapped|Ship status=|Ship notes=|Ship badge=}}







factoids
|Ship tonnage=|Ship displacement=*1400 t, std
  • 1910 t, full
106.9ftinabbr=on}}10.5ftinabbr=on}}3.5ftinabbr=on}}|Ship depth=|Ship hold depth=|Ship ice class=|Ship sail plan=35000lk=in|abbr=on}}|Ship propulsion=geared turbines33.8lk=in}}|Ship range=|Ship endurance=|Ship test depth=|Ship boats=|Ship capacity=|Ship complement=162|Ship crew=|Ship time to activate=|Ship troops=|Ship sensors=|Ship EW=Canon de 130 mm Modèle 1924>130 mm guns }}ORP Burza was a {{sclass-|Wicher|destroyer}} of the Polish Navy which saw action in World War II.

History

ORP Burza (squall or storm) was ordered on 2 April 1926 from the French shipyard Chantiers Navals Français together with her sister ship {{ORP|Wicher|1928|2}}. She entered service in 1932 (roughly 4 years after the initial deadline), and her first commander became kmdr BolesÅ‚aw SokoÅ‚owski.On 30 August 1939 the Polish destroyers ORP Burza, {{ORP|BÅ‚yskawica||2}} and {{ORP|Grom|1936|2}} were ordered to execute the Peking Plan, and the warships headed for Great Britain. On 1 September 1939, Polish destroyers met the British destroyers {{HMS|Wanderer|D74|6}} and {{HMS|Wallace|1918|2}}. The British ships led the Polish ships to Leith, and at night the Polish destroyers arrived at Rosyth.Burza assisted British forces off Norway in April 1940, and in the English Channel in May, 1940.Rohwer & Hummelchen 1992 pp.15&17 On 4 May ORP Burza came alongside the Resolution and took Polish survivors on board from the sinking of ORP Grom earlier that day. On 24 May 1940WEB,weblink ORP Burza (H 73) of the Polish Navy – Polish Destroyer of the Wicher class – Allied Warships of WWII – uboat.net, uboat.net, en, 2017-01-19, the Polish destroyer Burza was ordered to join the British destroyers HMS Vimiera and HMS Wessex and shell German positions in Calais area, providing support for British troops ashore. At 16.20 the Allied vessels opened fire on enemy armoured column at Sangatte Hill, west of Calais. Ten minutes later they were attacked by 27 German airplanes which hit and sank HMS Wessex. HMS Vimiera managed to escape. Then the entire enemy air group concentrated on the Polish destroyer. The AA guns (2 40 mm) jammed due to shrapnel hits, three bombs exploded in the water. They caused boiler damage and loss of speed. Shortly after this, two bombs exploded in the water near or in the bows of the ship, forcing the Burza to return to Dover stern firstPersonal recollections of Commander Konstanti Okolow-Zubkowski Dec 1999 Midshipman Konstanti Okolow-Zubkowski serving on the Burza recalled that when back at Dover an Admiral came onboard complaining that debris was being thrown over the side of the ship. The Admiral, when shown the forepeak apologised not realising how badly damaged the Burza was. After major repairs in Portsmouth, the Burza escorted convoy HX-217 as part of Escort Group B6.Rohwer & Hummelchen 1992 p.180 While attached to Escort Group B-3, Burza escorted convoys ONS-167, HX-228, and SL-147/MKS-38.Rohwer & Hummelchen 1992 pp.196,198&259 Burza was detached from ONS-167 to defend Convoy ON-166.Morison 1975 pp.337-340Rohwer & Hummelchen 1992 p.194 While attached to Support Group 8, Burza escorted convoy SC-145 and the October 1943 convoy to establish British air bases in the Azores. In 1944, Burza became a training ship, and in 1945 she became a submarine tender for Polish submarines. The Polish crew left the ship in 1946, when Burza was transferred to the Royal Navy.In 1951, the ship was returned to the Polish Navy and towed to Gdynia in July. Burza was overhauled and entered service in 1955. In 1960, she became a museum ship. After BÅ‚yskawica replaced her in that role, she was scrapped in 1977.

Commanders

Armament

1932–1940:
  • Four 130 mm Schneider-Creusot guns (4x1)
  • Two 40 mm Vickers – Armstrong AA cannons (2x1)
  • Four 13,2 mm Hotchkiss AA machine guns (2x2), from 1935
  • Six torpedo tubes 550/533 mm (2x3)
  • Two depth charge launchers
  • One depth charge thrower Thornycroft
  • 30 mines
1940–1942:
  • Four 130 mm Schneider-Creusot guns (4x1)
  • One 76 mm Mk Vna gun
  • Two 40 mm Vickers – Armstrong AA cannons (2x1)
  • Four 13,2 mm Hotchkiss AA machine guns (2x2)
  • Eight 12,7 Vickers AA machine guns (2x4)
  • Three torpedo tubes 550/533 mm (1x3)
  • Two depth charge launchers
  • Two depth charge throwers Thornycroft
1942–1946:
  • Two 130 mm Schneider-Creusot guns (2x1)
  • One 76 mm Mk Vna gun
  • Four 40 mm AA Mk VIII cannons (1x4)
  • Four 20 mm AA Oerlikon cannons
  • Three torpedo tubes 550/533 mm (1x3)
  • One hedgehog
  • Two depth charge launchers
  • Four depth charge throwers Thornycroft
From 1955:
  • Four 100 mm guns (4x1)
  • Eight 37 mm AA cannons (4x2)
  • One depth charge launcher
  • Four depth charge throwers

See also

References

  • BOOK, Warships of the World, Kafka, Roger, Pepperburg, Roy L., yes, Cornell Maritime Press, 1946,
  • BOOK, History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Volume I The Battle of the Atlantic 1939–1943, Morison, Samuel Eliot, Little, Brown and Company, 1975,
  • BOOK, Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II, Preston, Anthony, Random House, 1989, 0-517-67963-9, registration,weblink
  • BOOK, Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945, Rohwer, J., Hummelchen, G., yes, Naval Institute Press, 1992, 1-55750-105-X,
{{reflist|2}}{{Wicher class destroyer}}

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