North Caucasus

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North Caucasus
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{{other uses}}{{Use American English|date = February 2019}}{{Short description|Geographic region}}{{Use mdy dates|date = February 2019}}{{Location map+ | Russia Southern Federal District|AlternativeMap = Northern Caucasus of European Russia.png|caption = Northern Caucasus region within Russia west of the Urals{hide}plainlist|
  • {{font color|red|Red{edih}: NC economic region, former NC krai, former NC military okrug
  • {{font color|green|Green}}: former NC military okrug
  • {{font color|blue|Blue}}: NC economic region, NC federal okrug, former NC military okrug
}}|width = 250|places ={{Location map~|Russia Southern Federal District|lat=45.03|long=38.97|mark=Clear pog.svg|position=top|label={{font color|red|Krasnodar Krai}}}}{{Location map~|Russia Southern Federal District|lat=44.90|long=40.50|mark=Clear pog.svg|position=left|label={{font color|red|Adygea}}}}{{Location map~|Russia Southern Federal District|lat=42.60|long=41.00|mark=Clear pog.svg|position=top|label=Abkhazia}}{{Location map~|Russia Southern Federal District|lat=44.00|long=41.70|mark=Clear pog.svg|position=bottom|label={{font color|blue|KC}}}}{{Location map~|Russia Southern Federal District|lat=43.80|long=43.10|mark=Clear pog.svg|position=bottom|label={{font color|blue|KB}}}}{{Location map~|Russia Southern Federal District|lat=45.20|long=41.50|mark=Clear pog.svg|position=right|label={{font color|blue|Stavropol Krai}}}}{{Location map~|Russia Southern Federal District|lat=43.30|long=44.30|mark=Clear pog.svg|position=bottom|label={{font color|blue|Oss}}}}{{Location map~|Russia Southern Federal District|lat=43.00|long=45.00|mark=Clear pog.svg|position=top|label={{font color|blue|Ing}}}}{{Location map~|Russia Southern Federal District|lat=43.60|long=45.90|mark=Clear pog.svg|position=bottom|label={{font color|blue|Cya}}}}{{Location map~|Russia Southern Federal District|lat=43.75|long=46.20|mark=Clear pog.svg|position=right|label={{font color|blue|Dag-est-an}}}}{{Location map~|Russia Southern Federal District|lat=46.50|long=41.00|mark=Clear pog.svg|position=top|label={{font color|red|Rostov Oblast}}}}{{Location map~|Russia Southern Federal District|lat=48.50|long=44.20|mark=Clear pog.svg|position=top|label={{font color|green|Volgograd Oblast}}}}{{Location map~|Russia Southern Federal District|lat=46.20|long=43.80|mark=Clear pog.svg|position=right|label={{font color|green|Kalmykia}}}}{{Location map~|Russia Southern Federal District|lat=47.30|long=46.80|mark=Clear pog.svg|position=right|label={{font color|green|Ast-rakh-anOblast}}}}}}File:Caucasus region 1994.jpg|300px|thumb|1994 map of Caucasus region prepared by the US State Department. ]]The North Caucasus () or Ciscaucasia is the northern part of the Caucasus region between the Sea of Azov and Black Sea on the west and the Caspian Sea on the east, in Russia. Geographically, the Northern Caucasus (territory north of the Greater Caucasus Range) includes the Russian republics and krais of the North Caucasus. As part of the Russian Federation, the Northern Caucasus region is included in the North Caucasian and Southern Federal Districts and consists of Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai, and the constituent republics, approximately from west to east: the Republic of Adygea, Karachay–Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia–Alania, Ingushetia, Chechnya, and the Republic of Dagestan.A small schematic map of the regions can be seen atGeographically, the term North Caucasus also refers to the northern slope and western extremity of the Caucasus Major mountain range, as well as a part of its southern slope to the West (until the Psou River in Abkhazia). The Forecaucasus steppe area is often also encompassed under the notion of "Ciscaucasus", thus the northern boundary of the Forecaucasus steppe is generally considered to be the Manych River.


Ciscaucasus was historically covered by the Pontic steppe, mostly on fertile calcareous chernozyom soils, which has been almost completely tilled and grazed. It is bounded by the Sea of Azov on the west, and the Caspian Sea on the east. According to the Concise Atlas of the World, Second Edition (2008), the Ciscaucasus region lies on the European side of the "commonly-accepted division" that separates Europe from Asia.The outer border of the Soviet Union's North Caucasus Krai was the same as that of present-day North Caucasus Economic Region (Raion) which includes an oblast (Rostov Oblast), two krais (Krasnodar Krai and Stavropol Krai), and seven republics. The former North Caucasus Military District (Okrug) also included Astrakhan Oblast, Volgograd Oblast, and the Republic of Kalmykia. Its administrative center was Rostov-on-Don until 10 January 1934, Pyatigorsk until January 1936, then Ordzhonikidze (today Vladikavkaz) and, from 15 December 1936, Voroshilovsk (today Stavropol).In 2011, the Russian government has put forward plans to create a "North Caucasian version of Silicon Valley", at a cost of 32 billion rubles ($1.1 billion) as part of ongoing efforts to generate opportunities in the region.WEB,weblink Проект "Кремниевой долины" на Северном Кавказе обойдется в 32 млрд рублей, 25 August 2011,, Forbes, Moscow, Russian, Proekt "Kreminevoj doliny" na Severnom Kavkaze obojdetsya v 32 mlrd rublej, The "Silicon Valley" project in the North Caucasus will cost 32 billion rubles, 27 March 2017,

Image gallery

File:Map of Russia - North Caucasian Federal District.svg|Location of the North Caucasian Federal DistrictFile:Russian Ground Forces - North Caucasus Military District Map.svg|Map of former North Caucasus Military District (okrug)File:Map of Russia - North Caucasus economic region.svg|Map of modern-day North Caucasus Economic Region (raion)

See also




Further reading

  • In Quest for God and Freedom: Sufi Responses to the Russian Advance in the North Caucasus by Anna Zelkina
  • Russia in the Modern World: A New Geography by Denis J. B. Shaw, Institute of British Geographers

External links

  • {{commons category inline|North Caucasus}}
  • {{wikivoyage-inline|North Caucasus}}
  • Relations between The North and South Caucasus. Articles in the Caucasus Analytical Digest No. 27
{{Regions of the world}}{{Russia topics}}{{Soviet Union topics}}__NOTOC__

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- "North Caucasus" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 5:12am EDT - Sun, Aug 25 2019
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