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New Scientist
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{{short description|Science magazine}}







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| circulation_year = 2016 H2| frequency = WeeklyBritish English>EnglishList of science magazines>Science| founder = Tom Margerison, Max Raison, Nicholas HarrisonEmily Wilson (journalist)>Emily Wilsonweblink}}| issn = 0262-4079}}New Scientist, first published on 22 November 1956, is a weekly, English-language magazine that covers all aspects of science and technology. New Scientist, based in London, publishes editions in the UK, the United States, and Australia. Since 1996 it has been available online. Sold in retail outlets (paper edition) and on subscription (paper and/or online), the magazine covers news, features, reviews and commentary on science, technology and their implications. New Scientist also publishes speculative articles, ranging from the technical to the philosophical.

History

The magazine was founded in 1956 by Tom Margerison, Max Raison and Nicholas HarrisonJOURNAL, How New Scientist got started, Nigel, Calder, New Scientist, 24 November 1966,weblink as The New Scientist, with Issue 1 on 22 November 1956, priced one shilling (twentieth of a pound, pre-decimalisation in UK; £{{Inflation|UK|0.05|1956|r=2|fmt=c}} today).MAGAZINE,weblink The New Scientist (on Google Books), 22 November 1956, 1, 1, New Scientist, The British monthly science magazine Science Journal, published 1965–71, was merged with New Scientist to form New Scientist and Science Journal.National Library of Australia Bib ID 2298705 Originally, the cover of New Scientist listed articles in plain text.MAGAZINE,weblink The New Scientist (on Google Books), 7 January 1960, 7, 164, New Scientist, Initially, page numbering followed academic practice with sequential numbering for each quarterly volume. So, for example, the first page of an issue in March could be 649 instead of 1. Later issues numbered issues separately. From the beginning of 1961 "The" was dropped from the title. From 1965, the front cover was illustrated.WEB,weblink Back issues of New Scientist on Google Books, 4 July 2019, Until the 1970s, colour was not used except for on the cover. Since its first issue, New Scientist has written about the applications of science, through its coverage of technology. For example, the first issue included an article "Where next from Calder Hall?" on the future of nuclear power in the UK, a topic that it has covered throughout its history. In 1964 there was a regular "Science in British Industry" section with several items.MAGAZINE,weblink New Scientist (on Google Books), 12 March 1964, 21, 382, New Scientist, An article in the magazine's 10th anniversary issues provides anecdotes on the founding of the magazine.In 1970, the Reed Group, which went on to become Reed Elsevier, acquired New Scientist when it merged with IPC Magazines. Reed retained the magazine when it sold most of its consumer titles in a management buyout to what is now TI Media.Throughout most of its history, New Scientist has published cartoons as light relief and comment on the news, with contributions from regulars such as Mike Peyton and David Austin. The Grimbledon Down comic strip, by cartoonist Bill Tidy, appeared from 1970 to 1994. The Ariadne pages in New Scientist commented on the lighter side of science and technology and included contributions from Daedalus. The fictitious inventor devised plausible but impractical and humorous inventions, often developed by the (fictitious) DREADCO corporation.MAGAZINE,weblink New Scientist (on Google Books), 19 January 1978, 77, 1086, New Scientist, Daedalus later moved to Nature. Issues of (The) New Scientist from Issue 1 to the end of 1989 are free to read online;MAGAZINE,weblink New Scientist (on Google Books), 23–30 Dec 1989, 124, 1696–1697, New Scientist, 0262-4079, subsequent issues require a subscription.WEB, Browse New Scientist magazine (from 1990 until current issue),weblink 29 May 2019, In the first half of 2013, the international circulation of New Scientist averaged 125,172. While this was a 4.3% reduction on the previous year's figure, it was a much smaller reduction in circulation than many mainstream magazines of similar or greater circulation.WEB,weblink Mag ABCs: Full circulation round-up for the first half of 2013, 15 August 2013, Press Gazette, For the 2014 UK circulation fell by 3.2% but stronger international sales, increased the circulation to 129,585.NEWS, UK magazine combined print/digital sales figures for first half 2014: Complete breakdown,weblink 12 December 2014, Dominic, Ponsford, Press Gazette, 14 August 2014, See also #Website below.In April 2017, New Scientist changed hands when RELX Group, formerly known as Reed Elsevier, sold the magazine to Kingston Acquisitions, a group set up by Sir Bernard Gray, Louise Rogers and Matthew O’Sullivan to acquire New Scientist.WEB,weblink Reed Business Information sells New Scientist magazine, Abigail, Dawson, 18 April 2017, Mumbrella, 21 March 2018, NEWS, Financial Times,weblink Relx offloads New Scientist magazine to Kingston Acquisitions, subscription, 21 March 2018, Kingston Acquisitions then renamed itself New Scientist Ltd.

Modern format

In the 21st century until May 2019 New Scientist contained the following sections: Leader, News (Upfront), Technology, Opinion (interviews, point-of-view articles and letters), Features (including cover article), CultureLab (book and event reviews), Feedback (humour), The Last Word (questions and answers) and Jobs & Careers. A Tom Gauld cartoon appears on the Letters page.WORK, New Scientist, Reed Business Information, 2014, A readers' letters section discusses recent articles and discussions also take place on the website. Readers contribute observations on examples of pseudoscience to Feedback, and offer questions and answers on scientific and technical topics to Last Word. New Scientist has produced a series of books compiled from contributions to Last Word.From issue 3228 of 4 May 2019 New Scientist introduced a new look, with a "slightly updated design, with ... a fresher, brighter feel". A dedicated "Views" section was added between news reports and in-depth features, including readers' letters, comment, and reviews on science, culture and society. Regular columnists were introduced, and columns in the culture pages. The light-hearted "Back Pages" includes the long-standing Feedback and The Last Word, puzzles, and a Q&A section.JOURNAL,weblink Introducing this week's new-look New Scientist magazine, New Scientist, 3228, 3, Emily Wilson, 4 May 2019, There are 51 issues a year, with a Christmas and New Year double issue. The double issue in 2014 was the 3,000th edition of the magazine.

Staff and contributors

Emily Wilson was appointed editor-in-chief in 2018.Who's who at New Scientist | New ScientistWEB,weblink New Scientist appoints Emily Wilson as first female editor, New Scientist, 31 January 2018, 31 January 2018, Current staff members are listed on page 5 of the magazine. Columnists {{As of|2019|5|4|lc=y}} included Annalee Newitz on novel tech. James Wong on food myths, Chanda Prescod-Weinstein's adventures in space-time and Graham Lawton on environment.

Editors of New Scientist

Website

The New Scientist website carries blogs, reports and news articles. Users with free-of-charge registration have limited access to new content and can receive emailed New Scientist newsletters. Subscribers to the print edition have full access to all articles and the archive of past content that has so far been digitised.Online readership takes various forms. Overall global views of an online database of over 100,000 articles are 10.8m by 7m unique users according to Google Analytics, {{as of|January 2019|lc=y}}. On social media there are 3.5m+ Twitter followers, 3.5m+ Facebook followers and 100,000+ Instagram followers {{as of|January 2019|lc=y}}.WEB,weblink Audience & Brand, New Scientist Media Centre, 2015, May 20, 2015,

Spin-offs

New Scientist has published books derived from its content, many of which are selected questions and answers from the Last Word section of the magazine and website:
  • 1998. The Last Word. {{ISBN|978-0-19-286199-3}}
  • 2000. The Last Word 2. {{ISBN|978-0-19-286204-4}}
  • 2005. Does Anything Eat Wasps?. {{ISBN|978-1-86197-973-5}}
  • 2006. Why Don't Penguins' Feet Freeze?. (selections from the first two books) {{ISBN|978-1-86197-876-9}}
  • 2007. How to Fossilise Your Hamster. {{ISBN|978-1-84668-044-1}}
  • 2008. Do Polar Bears Get Lonely?. {{ISBN|978-1-84668-130-1}}
  • 2009. How to Make a Tornado: The strange and wonderful things that happen when scientists break free. {{ISBN|978-1-84668-287-2}}
  • 2010. Why Can't Elephants Jump?. {{ISBN|978-1-84668-398-5}}
  • 2011. Why Are Orangutans Orange?: science questions In picture. {{ISBN|978-1-84668-507-1}}
  • 2012. Will We Ever Speak Dolphin?. {{ISBN|978-1-78125-026-6}}
  • 2014. Question Everything. {{ISBN|978-1-78125-164-5}}
Other books published by New Scientist include:
  • The Anti Zoo – 50 freaks of nature you won't see on TV (e-book based on the website's Zoologger column)
  • Nothing: Surprising insights everywhere from zero to oblivion. (compilation of articles previously published in the magazine) {{ISBN|978-1-61519-205-2}}
  • New Scientist: The Collection (series of e-books on specific scientific topics)
    • VOL1 – The Big Questions; The Unknown Universe; Guide to a Better You; The Human Story
    • VOL2 – Our Planet; Being Human; Medical Frontiers; The Human Brain; 15 Ideas you Need to Understand
    • VOL3 – Discovering Space
New Scientist has also worked with other publishers to produce books based on the magazine's content:
  • 1992 "Inside Science", edited by Richard Fifield, published by Penguin Books. {{ISBN|978-0-14-014570-0}}
  • 1992 "The New Scientist Guide to Chaos," edited by Nina Hall, published by Penguin Books. {{ISBN|978-0-14-014571-7}}
In 2012 Arc, "a new digital quarterly from the makers of New Scientist, exploring the future through the world of science fiction" and fact was launched.WEB, Arc,weblink 13 May 2015, In the same year the magazine launched a dating service, NewScientistConnect, operated by The Dating Lab.{{Citation needed|date=May 2015}}A Dutch edition of New Scientist was launched in June 2015, replacing the former Natuurwetenschap & Techniek (NWT) magazine. The monthly magazine, published by Veen Media, is sold in the Netherlands and Belgium.WEB,weblink Tijdschrift New Scientist naar Nederland, 26 February 2013, 6 November 2015, nu.nl, WEB,weblink New Scientist – Dutch Edition, 6 November 2015, Since 2016 New Scientist has held an annual science festival in London. Styled New Scientist Live, the event has attracted high-profile scientists and science presenters.WEB, UCL academics presenting at New Scientist live,weblink 27 September 2017, University College London, 21 November 2017,

Criticism

Greg Egan's criticism of the EmDrive article

In September 2006, New Scientist was criticised by science fiction writer Greg Egan, who wrote that "a sensationalist bent and a lack of basic knowledge by its writers" was making the magazine's coverage sufficiently unreliable "to constitute a real threat to the public understanding of science". In particular, Egan found himself "gobsmacked by the level of scientific illiteracy" in the magazine's coverageJOURNAL, Justin Mullins, Relativity drive: The end of wings and wheels?, New Scientist, Sep 8, 2006,weblinkweblink yes, 9 October 2008, of Roger Shawyer's "electromagnetic drive", where New Scientist allowed the publication of "meaningless double-talk" designed to bypass a fatal objection to Shawyer's proposed space drive, namely that it violates the law of conservation of momentum. Egan urged others to write to New Scientist and pressure the magazine to raise its standards, instead of "squandering the opportunity that the magazine's circulation and prestige provides".WEB,weblink A Plea to Save New Scientist, 19 September 2006, John C., Baez, John C. Baez, The n-Category Café, The editor of New Scientist, then Jeremy Webb, replied defending the article, saying that it is "an ideas magazine—that means writing about hypotheses as well as theories".WEB,weblink Emdrive on trial, 3 October 2006, New Scientist,weblink 28 October 2006, yes,

"Darwin was wrong" cover

In January 2009, New Scientist ran a cover with the title "Darwin was wrong".JOURNAL, Graham Lawton, Why Darwin was wrong about the tree of life, New Scientist, Jan 21, 2009,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090122084759weblink">weblink 22 January 2009,weblink 23 March 2018, no, dmy-all, WEB,weblink New Scientist flips the bird at scientists, again, 21 March 2009, pharyngula, ScienceBlogs, The actual story stated that specific details of Darwin's evolution theory had been shown incorrectly, mainly the shape of phylogenetic trees of interrelated species, which should be represented as a web instead of a tree. Some evolutionary biologists who actively oppose the intelligent design movement thought the cover was both sensationalist and damaging to the scientific community.WEB,weblink The New Scientist has no shame–again!, 21 March 2009, Jerry Coyne, Why Evolution Is True, Jerry Coyne, author of the book Why Evolution Is True, called for a boycott of the magazine, which was supported by evolutionary biologists Richard Dawkins and P.Z. Myers.

See also

  • Citizen science (a first use of the term "citizen scientist" was in New Scientist in October 1979)MAGAZINE, The Failure of the 'Science' of Ufology, James Oberg, New Scientist, 11 October 1979, 84, 1176, 102–105,
  • List of scientific journals
  • Nominative determinism (a first use of the term "nominative determinism" was in a December 1994 issue) BOOK, Alter, Adam, Drunk Tank Pink: And Other Unexpected Forces That Shape How We Think, Feel, and Behave, Penguin Press, London, 2013, 978-1-78074-264-9,

References

{{reflist|30em}}

External links

{{EnglishScienceMagazines}}{{Use dmy dates|date=March 2011}}

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