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National Museum, New Delhi
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{{Short description|Museum of India}}{{more citations needed|date=January 2019}}{{Use dmy dates|date=October 2018}}{{Use Indian English|date=October 2018}}







factoids
| established = 15 August 1949| dissolved =| key_holdings = {hide}Collapsible list
|framestyle=border:none; padding:0;
| expand = yes
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|1=Dancing Girl |2=Ivory Carved Dashavtar |3=Ivory carved tusk depicting Buddha life stories |4=Jade collection |5= Some of the Akota Bronzes |6= Carved wood vahanas
{edih}| collection = 206,000 objects| location = Janpath, New Delhi, India. | type =| visitors = | director =
Udyog Bhawan metro station>Udyog Bhawan weblink}}}}The National Museum in New Delhi, also known as the National Museum of India, is one of the largest museums in India. Established in 1949, it holds a variety of articles ranging from pre-historic era to modern works of art. It functions under the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. The museum is situated on the corner of Janpath and Maulana Azad Road.About us The blue–print of the National Museum had been prepared by the Gwyer Committee set up by the Government of India in 1946. The museum has around 200,000 works of art, both of Indian and foreign origin, covering over 5,000 years.It also houses the National Museum Institute of History of Arts, Conservation and Museology on the first floor which was established in 1983 and now is a Deemed University since 1989, and runs Masters and Doctoral level courses in History of Art, Conservation and Museology.National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and Museology, website

History

The roots of the National Museum begin with an exhibition of Indian art and artefacts at the Royal Academy in London in the winter of 1947-48.WEB,weblink History of the National MuseumRashtrapati Bhawan in 1949, and was so successful that it led to the decision to form a permanent National Museum. On 15 August 1949, the National Museum was formally inaugurated by the then Governor-General of India, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari. At that time, it was decided that until a permanent home could be found for the collection, it would continue to be housed at the Rashtrapati Bhawan.{{fact>date=October 2018}}The cornerstone of the present museum building was laid by Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, on 12 May 1955, and the building formally opened to the public on 18 December 1960.{{fact|date=October 2018}}Today, the museum is administered and funded by the Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Tourism.

Departments and collections

(File:National Museum, New Delhi main reception hall.jpg|thumb|Reception of Museum)(File:Entrance gallery national museum india.JPG|thumb|The Entrance Corridor of the National Museum housing artefacts on both the sides)Presently, there are several departments in the National Museum.
  • Pre-History Archaeology
  • Archaeology
  • Manuscripts
  • Numismatics & Epigraphy
  • Paintings
  • Arms & Armour
  • Decorative Arts
  • Central Asian Antiquities
  • Pre-Columbian Art
  • Jewellery
  • Anthropology
  • Education
  • Public Relations
  • Publication
  • Conservation
  • Display
The collections of the National Museum covers nearly all the departments. It represents almost all disciplines of art: Archaeology (Sculptures in Stone, Bronze & Terracota), Arms, Armour,BOOK, Indian Armours in the National Museum Collection - A catalogue, Pant, GN, K.K. Sharma, 2001, National Museum, New Delhi, Decorative Arts, Jewellery, Manuscripts, Miniatures and Tanjore Paintings, Textiles, Numismatics, Epigraphy, Central Asian Antiquities, Anthropology, Pre-Columbian American and Western Art Collections.CollectionThe museum has in its possession over 200,000 works of art, of both Indian and foreign origin, covering more than 5,000 years of the rich cultural heritage of different parts of the world. Its rich holdings of various creative traditions and disciplines which represents a unity amidst diversity, an unmatched blend of the past with the present and strong perspective for the future, brings history to life.

Building

(File:Building plan of National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|thumb|National Museum, Building Plan Outlay|right)(File:Nm nd gallery inside 07.JPG|150px|Inside view of the Museum Building)The National Museum building has two floors. It has a rotunda around which the structure is based.

Collections

Harappan Gallery

(File:Harappa gallery national museum india.JPG|thumb|left|A view of the Harappan Gallery)(File:Harappn artefacts nm india 01.JPG|thumb|300px|A view of the pottery from the Harappan gallery)The museum has various artefacts from the Harappan Civilization also known as Indus Valley Civilization or Indo- Saraswati. The whole collection of this gallery represents the advanced technology and sophisticated lifestyle of the Harappan people. Most of the objects on display are permanent loans from the Archaeological Survey of India. Most famous among the objects are the Priest Head, the Dancing GirlNEWS,weblink Treasures of National Museum, India - Google Arts & Culture, Google Cultural Institute, 2018-11-11, en, made in Bronze and belongs to the early Harappan period, Skeleton excavated from Rakhigarhi in Haryana, Terracotta images of Mother Goddess and Clay Pottery. Apart from these the gallery has Sculptures in Bronzes & Terracotta, Bone Objects, Ivory, Steatite, Semi-Precious Stones, Painted Pottery and Jewellery items.National Museum, New DelhiNational Museum, New DelhiMany seals have been discovered during numerous excavations. These seals were probably used for trading purposes. These seals depict bulls, elephants, unicorns, tigers, crocodiles, unknown symbols. On one of the seal, there is the depiction of Pasupati (Proto-Shiva of present age) The gallery presents the vibrancy of human civilization in India at par with the contemporary civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt and China.Among the artefacts, the most significant is the Dancing Girl which is a 4.5 inch bronze statue. It was discovered from Mohenjodaro. The name Dancing Girl was coined by Sir John Marshall. It is made by the Lost Wax Method. The Chola bronzes and the Dhokra castings are still made this way.File:Dancing girl.jpg|Dancing GirlImage:Mohenjodaro toy 001.jpg|Toy cart from Mohenjo-daroFile:Harrappan artefacts 01.JPG|Perforated JarFile:Harrappan artefacts 02.JPG|Mother GoddessFile:Harappa seals nm india 02.JPG|SealsFile:Harappa arms.JPG|Arms from Harappan CivilizationFile:Harrappan artefacts 10.JPG|BowlFile:Skeleton harappa.JPG|One of 11 skeletons found from Rakhigarhi

Maurya, Shunga and Satvahana Arts Gallery

(File:Gallery1 national museum india.JPG|thumb|300px|Maurya, Shunga and Satvahana Arts Gallery Artefacts)The gallery has objects from the 4th century BCE to the 1st century BCE. It has objects spanning three major dynasties; The Mauryas, the Shungas and the Satvahanas. Objects in the gallery have Greek influence characterized by the mirror like finishing. The gallery also houses fragments of railings from various ancient Stupas that are carved on with episodes from Buddha's Life. A major object is the one showing Sage Asita's visit to baby Siddharta and the Bharhut railings that depicts the story related to the Relics associated with Buddha by the sage Drona. A typical feature of the period to which objects in the gallery belongs to is that the sculpture do not depict Buddha in the physical form. He is always shown using symbols like the Dharmachakra, the Bodhi tree, empty throne, footprints, etc.Male heads, Maurya artefact 01, National Mueum, New Delhi.jpg|Male Heads (Maurya Period)Child learning Brahmi Alphabets, Shunga era 2nd Century BCE, National Mseum, New Delhi.jpg|A Child Learning Brahmi Script (Shunga Period)A women in grief, Shunga Period, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Woman in Grief (Shunga Period)Railing from Barhut stupa showing, Maurya artefact 04, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Railig from Barhut Stupa showing the Last Episode of Buddha's LifeAsita's visit to bless Siddharta, Maurya artefact 05, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Asita visiting King Suddhodana (Satvahana Period)Maurya artefact 06 nm nd.JPG|Different Symbols of Buddha

Kushana Gallery

(File:Gallery2 national museum india.JPG|thumb|300px|Kushana Gallery Artefacts)This gallery has art objects from the Kushan period (1st - 3rd century CE). The major school of arts were the Gandhara School of Art and the Mathura School of Art. The Gandhara school had huge influence of Greek Iconography and the themes were mainly Buddhist. Most prominent among the objects is the Standing Buddha, made in Grey schist stone in Gandhara School of Arts and it belongs to the 2nd century CE. This period was the first time when Buddha was shown in physical form. The Mathura school of arts had primary themes of Buddhism, Jainism and Brahmanism while the Gandhara Arts were primarily of Buddhist themes. Other sculptures include the Kuber (Hindu god of Fortune), the Chattramukhi Shivlinga, the Bodhisattva, and the Jain votive plaques.File:Buddha, 1st century CE Kushana artefacts National Museum, New Delhi 01.jpg|Buddha (Human Figure)File:Red sandstone made Kuber, Kushana artefacts, National Museum, New Delhi 02.jpg|Kuber (God of Wealth)File:Spotted red sandstone Bodhisattwa, Mathura Art, Kusha 2nd Cent CE at National Museum New Delhi.jpg|BoddhisatvaFile:Jain Votive Plaque made in spotted red sandstone, Kushana artefacts, National Museum, New Delhi 03.jpg|Ayagapata, Jain Votive Plaque

Gupta Gallery

(File:Gallery3 national museum india.JPG|thumb|300px|Gupta Gallery Artefacts)As the name suggests, this gallery exhibits artefacts from the Gupta Dynasty (4th-6th centuries CE). Mathura and Sarnath were the main centres of artistic activity. Under the patronage of Gupta rulers, sculptures attained a perfection of form that set the standard for artistic beauty for the coming centuries. Major developments in iconography took place during this period. The sculptures started depicting beautifully proportioned figures with clear features.At the entrance, there are two statues made of terracotta. The statues are of Goddesses Ganga and Yamuna. Ganga stands on her vehicle, Makara, which is a hybrid creature having the body of a crocodile and the tail of a fish and she holds a full pot of water. On the other hand, Yamuna stands on her vehicle which is a turtle and she also holds a pot of water. They were placed at the entrance of temple symbolizing a dip in the sacred rivers for purification.
  • Sculptures depicting scenes from the epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata
File:Mahabharat, Gupta artefacts 03, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Scenes from MahabharataFile:Rama redeeming Ahalya, Gupta artefacts 05, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Rama redeeming Ahilya (Ramayana)File:Gupta artefacts 06.JPG|Laxman cutting the nose of Surpanakha (Ramayana)
  • Sculptures of Hindu Gods and Goddesses
File:Vishnu, Gupta artefacts 07, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|VishnuFile:Gupta artefacts 04.JPG|Mother GoddessFile: Ekmukha Shivlinga.jpg|Ekmukha Shivlinga, 5th century CE

Medieval Arts Gallery

The sculptures from the Medieval Period are divided into two categories: Early and Late. The artefacts from the respective periods are divided into two galleries.

Early Medieval Artefacts

(File:Gallery4 national museum india.JPG|thumb|300px|Early Medieval artefacts)This gallery has sculptures ranging from the 7th to 10th centuries. After the fall of the Gupta empire, the Indian subcontinent was divided and it was controlled by different dynasties in different parts of India like There was a general decline in the artistic quality because of the limited number of master craftsmen and the large number of temples being built.File:Medieval Yogini Statue, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Yogini (Mother Goddess)File:Vishnu from Kanchipuram.jpg|Vishnu (Pallava Dynasty)

Late Medieval Artefacts

(File:Gallery5 national museum india.JPG|thumb|300px|Late Medieval Artefacts)This gallery has sculptures ranging from the 10th to 13th centuries. The country was further sub divided into a number of separate principalities during this period. The main artefacts in this gallery are:
  • Sun God
  • Saraswati, the Goddess of Music, Learning and Intelligence. Carved in Marble, the statue from Pallu, Rajasthan is a highly sophisticated and delicate work.
File:Surya God from Konark, Orissa displayed in National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Lord Surya (From Sun Temple, Konarak)File:Neminath, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Neminatha (22nd Tirthankar), 11th CenturyFile:Parsvanatha, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Parsvanatha (23rd Tirthankar), 10th CenturyFile:Stone Made Parvati from Rajasthan displayed at National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Saraswati (Chauhan Dynasty)National Museum - Ambika.jpg|Goddess Ambika, 10th CenturyFile:I@a_06.JPG|Jain Chaumukha Sculpture, 12th centuryJ@w 01.JPG|Parsvanatha (23rd Tirthankar), Chola Dynasty, 11th Century

Decorative Arts Gallery

Decorative Arts refer to Arts concerned with the design and decoration of objects that are prized for their utility, rather than for their purely aesthetic qualities. Ceramics, Pottery, Furniture, Textiles, Glassware, Metalware and Jewellery are all included under Decorative Arts. The Decorative Arts section is also divided into 2 galleries.

Decorative Arts Gallery 1

(File:Gallery9 national museum india.JPG|thumb|300px|Decorative Arts gallery 1)This gallery gives a glimpses of three collections of the museum - Ivory, Jade and Ceramics. The Ivory group has several Hindu and Christian religious figures. The Jade section showcases the utilitarian objects, while the glazed tiles and blue-white pottery are in the Ceramic group.The Gallery also has two interesting themes – Thrones of India, and Games and Leisure in the Past. The theme of thrones shows the evolution of the seat of power. From the low flat seats of antiquity to the modern armed chair, the journey of the throne is a fascinating story. An intricately carved Home Shrine and some metal Hindu and Jain pitikas (small seats for keeping idols for home shrines) are also present. The Jewel studded throne of the King of Varanasi is one of the best examples to show Power.The Games section has Rattles, Yo-Yo, Gamesman of Chess and Chaupar. Tops made of different materials with different designs are also exhibited. These artifacts combine the aesthetic and artistic elements to everyday objects used for games. The Jade Collection of the museum has interesting objects from the Mughal period. File:Dashavtar Ivory Carving.jpg|Main Article: Ivory Carved Dashavatara Shrine.File:Jahangirs huqqa close national museum india.JPG|Jahangir's Jade hookah.File:Surahi national Museum India.JPG|Jade Surahi (flask) from Mughal era File:Gyan Chaupar National Museum India.JPG|Gyan Chauper.File:Throne national museum india.JPG|Throne of the Raja of Varanasi

Decorative Arts Gallery 2

(File:Gallery8 national museum india.JPG|thumb|300px|Decorative Arts gallery 2)This gallery has artifacts from the proto-historic period to the present day. The variety, quality and media did increase with the taste and status of different generations and the process is on even today. This gallery exhibits Metalware, Jewellery and Wooden objects. Most notable among the wooden objects are the Vahana on display.File:Garuda by Hyougushi in Delhi.jpg|Wooden Garuda Vahana (mount) from Tamil NaduFile:Museum artefacts 15 nm.JPG|Wooden Horse (Vahana from Tanjore)File:Dwarpala, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Dwarpala

Miniature Paintings Gallery

(File:Gallery6 national museum india.JPG|thumb|300px|View of the Mughal Miniature paintings section)The museum has over 17,000 miniature paintings. The gallery is divided according to the places and time where the schools of arts flourished. The paintings show the rich heritage of Indian Miniature Paintings. These paintings belong to major styles such as Mughal, Deccani, Central India, Rajasthani, Pahari and many sub-styles relating to the period from 1000 CE to 1900 CE. It includes paintings on Palm leaf, Cloth, Wood, Leather, Painted Manuscripts, Covers on Wood and Hardboard & Thankas on Canvas. The major theme of these miniatures are Kalpasutra, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavata Purana, Durgasaptasati, Ragamala, Baramasa, Panchatantra, Vishnu Purana, Shahnama and Baburnama

Mughal Miniature Paintings

Miniature painting flourished during Mughal rule.NEWS,weblink Treasures of National Museum, India - Google Arts & Culture, Google Cultural Institute, 2018-11-11, en, Emperor Jahangir and Shahjahan were great patrons of art. In their courts, the painters adopted themes ranging from portraitures to landses, durbar scenes and processions for their works. The Deccani style was a fusion of Islamic idiom with indigenous art styles and of local classical traditions with elements of Persian and European Renaissance.File:Miniature painting showing the marriage procession of Dara Shikoh National Museum India.jpg|Marriage procession of Dara ShikohFile:Delhi-National Museum-Babur inspecting the Gwailor Fort-20131006.jpg|Babur inspecting Gwalior fort.File:Painting of Akbar Mughal Period, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Portrait of AkbarFile:Nature study, Mughal era, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Nature Study (Early Mughal)File:Mughal Painting, Jahangir, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Jahangir holding a picture of Madonna

Central India Miniature Paintings

(File:Nm nd gallery inside 01.JPG|thumb|A view of the Central India Paintings Sections)Paintings from Central India include

Rajasthan Miniature Paintings

(File:Gallery7 national museum india.JPG|thumb|300px|A view of the Rajasthani Paintings Sections)Rajasthani Miniatures flourished mainly in Mewar, Bundi, Kota, Kishangarh, Jaipur, Jodhpur and Bikaner.Mewar Miniatures are illustrating Hindu mythological themes. Bundi and Kota Miniatures excel in composition compactness. Hunting scenes are Kota's speciality. Bikaner excels in Portraire. Kishangarh is known for its Bani Thani, which portrays the model of an idealised and elegant woman.

Pahari Miniature Paintings

Pahari schools flourished mainly at Basohli, Chamba, Guler and Kangra. Under the patronage of Maharaja Sansar Chand in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Kangra became the most prominent centre for the Pahari style.File:Nanda and other cowherds moving to Vrindavana, Kangra style painting, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Nanda and other Cowherds moving to Vrindavana (Based on the story of the Bhagvata-Purana)File:Guru Granth Sahib, 18th century illustration,National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Illustration of Guru Granth Sahib

Buddhist Artefacts Gallery

(File:Gautam Buddha's relics, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|thumb|upright|Buddha's relics in the Museum)The Buddhist Art Section is most known for the Sacred Relics of Buddha (5th-4th century BC) unearthed from Piprahwa, Distt. Sidharth Nagar in Uttar Pradesh.Outstanding specimens of Buddhist Art is illustrated through exhibits in Stone, Bronze, Terracota, Stucco, Wooden Sculptures & Painted Scrolls or Thankas from Nepal, Tibet, Central Asia, Myanmar, Java and Cambodia which represents the three principal Buddhist forms - Hinayana, Mahayana & Vajrayana. These objects stimulate a sense of Devotion, Dedication and Love for Humanity.File:Head of Buddha statue at National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Head of BuddhaFile:Holy Relics of Lord Buddha, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Buddha's relics, from a stupa built by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE.

Evolution of Indian Scripts & Coins Gallery

In this gallery, there are many large sized well-lit transparencies on show which are narrating the wonderful story of the development of various Indian Scripts and Coins.File:Nm nd gallery inside 02.JPG|Inside the Galleries of National Museum, New DelhiFile:Nm nd gallery inside 03.JPG|Inside the Galleries of National Museum, New DelhiFile:Nm nd gallery inside 04.JPG|Inside the Galleries of National Museum, New DelhiFile:Nm nd gallery inside 05.JPG|Inside the Galleries of National Museum, New Delhi

Bronze Gallery

File:Nataraja01.jpg|Shiva dancing Nataraja, Chola 12th century CE, BronzeFile:National Museum - Parsvanatha 9C.jpg|Parsvanatha, Maitraka, 9th Century, Akota, GujaratFile:National Museum - Parsvanatha 11C.jpg|Parsvanatha, 1062 CE, Western India,File:National Museum - Chaubisi of Kunthunatha.jpg|Chaubisi of Kunthunatha, 1465 CE, Western India

Manuscripts Gallery

The collection of manuscripts are in various languages and scripts covering a large number of subjects. They are written on different types of materials such as parchment, birch bark, palm leaf, cloth, paper and metals. All the manuscripts represent various religions and sects of the Indian Subcontinent covering the period from the 7th to the 19th centuries. Dated manuscripts elaborate the Indian history with authoritative authenticity.

Coins Gallery

(File:Gallery10 national museum india.JPG|thumb|300px|Coins Gallery)The Coins Gallery of the National Museum, New Delhi has been set in an innovative manner. It starts from the Cowries and ends at the Credit Cards. The entire history of Indian coinage from about 6th century BCE to the beginning of the 21st century is exhibited. There are various dioramas depicting various techniques of coin production. These coins are rich and authentic source of information on various aspects of Ancient, Medieval and Modern Indian History.File:Coinsgallery 1 nm india.JPG|View of the different methods over timeFile:Coinsgallery 2 nm india.JPG|View of the Coins GalleryFile:Copper vase nm india.JPG|This is the Copper Vase which contained the 1821 gold Coins of the Gupta era found at Bayana, District Bharatpur, RajasthanFile:Gupta era gold Coin showing the Marriage of Chandragupta, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Chandragupta with his WifeFile: Gupta era gold coin, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Chandragupta IFile:Coins from Gupta Periods, Samudragupta's rule, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|SamudraguptaFile:Coins from Gupta Era, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Samudragupta playing VeenaFile:Coins from Gupta Period, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Ashvamedha Coins File:Coins from Mughal Period Jahangir's rule, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Jahangir's CoinsFile:18th Century Coins, British Raj, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|British Indian coins, 18th century CE

Central Asian Gallery

(File:Gallery11 national museum india.JPG|thumb|300px|Artefacts in the Central Asian Gallery)The vast and varied collection of this gallery was excavated, explored and collected by Sir Aurel Stein, one of the major archaeological explorers of early 20th century. He collected these cultural materials from more than 100 Ancient Cities along the Silk Route during three major expeditions carried out by him in 1900-1901, 1906-1908 and 1913-1916. The collection consists of wall paintings, painted silk banners, sculptures in wood, stucco and terracotta, coins, porcelain and pottery objects, leather, grass and fiber, precious items of gold and silver, religious and secular documents.File:Buddha statue nm india.JPG|Buddha in Dharmachakra MudraFile:Buddha c.asia nm india.JPG|Buddha in the Central Asian Arts GalleryFile:Kharoshti script on a wooden plate, National Museum, New Delhi 01.jpg|A tablet containing Kharoshti ScriptFile:Buddha with his disciples, wall painting from a stupa in China displayed at National Museum, New Delhi .jpg|Part of a wall painting showing Buddha with his disciples

Maritime Heritage Gallery

File:Museum artefacts 01 nm.JPG|A view of the Maritime GalleryFile:Statue of Varuna, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Inside the GalleryFile:Museum artefacts 02 nm.JPG|Different objects exhibitedFile:Diorama showing maratha naval tactics, National Museum, New Delhi (cropped).jpg|A diorama showing Maratha naval tactics

Tanjore and Mysore Paintings Gallery

(File:Museum artefacts 04 nm.JPG|thumb|300px|Tanjore & Mysore paintings gallery)This gallery exhibits the paintings from the two famous schools of South India - Tanjore and Mysore. The themes are Indian Mythology, Stories from Epics, Various Gods and Goddesses. The technique for making a Tanjore painting is also displayed with the help of seven paintings.Museum artefacts 05 nm.JPG|View of the GalleryFile:Coronation of Rama, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Rama Darbar (Coronation of Rama at Ayodhya)

Textiles Gallery

The Textiles Gallery exhibits the collection of Indian traditional textiles of the Later Mughal period. Cotton, Silk and Woolen textiles which are woven, printed, dyed and embroidered are exhibited in the gallery.File:Gallery12 national museum india.JPG|thumb|left|View of the Textiles GalleryFile:Gallery13 national museum india.JPG|thumb|Another view of the Textiles GalleryFile:Gallery 23 nm india.JPG|A view of the shawls in the Textiles Gallery. The shawls are from KashmirFile:Pichwai painting, made in net, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Pichwai on NetFile:Handcerchief, Kalam Kaari technique, Mughal Era, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Rumal made by Kalam Kaari TechniqueFile:Harappn artefacts nm india 04.JPG|Pitara Box in the Textiles Gallery
  • Royal Chamber: It is the particular area which exhibits the use of Textiles in Royal Style. The chamber has embroidered Silk Carpet on the floor. A Cloth Ceiling and printed Wall Clothes cover most of the area. The cover of Pillows have very minute zari and zardozi work on them.
File:Gallery28 national museum india.JPG|Use of Textiles in the tent of RajasFile:Gallery29 national museum india.JPG|Another view of Use of Textiles in the tent of Rajas

Pre-Columbian and Western Arts Gallery

The collections of this gallery were donated mostly by Mrs. And Mr. Nasli Heeramaneck of New York, in 1966.WEB, Heeramaneck, Dealer-Collector, Gives Pre-Columbian Art to India,weblink 2015-10-25, New York Times, 1966-12-03, Glueck, Grace, The objects are primarily from before Christopher Columbus's discovery of North and South America, including objects from Mexico, Peru, Maya, Inca, North-West coast of America, Panama, Costa Rica and El Salvador.File:Gallery14 national museum india.JPG|View of the Gallery containing artefacts from the Pre-Columbian Times

Tribal Lifestyle of North East India Gallery

This gallery is dedicated to the states of North-East India. The Eight States of North East are Called Seven Sisters and One Brother (Sikkim)One Brother (Sikkim). The Eight States have a wealth of Cultural Handicraft, Performing Arts and Unique Traditions. This gallery exhibits traditional artefacts such as dresses, apparels, headgears, ornaments, paintings, basketry, wood carvings, smoking pipes and articles of personal adornments of various tribal groups.File:Different types of masks from North-east Tribals, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|A View of the Different Masks Present in the NorthEast Tribal Lifestyle GalleryFile:Northeast 2 nm india.JPG|A View of the North East Tribal Lifestyle GalleryFile:Northeast 3 nm india.JPG|A View of the Different Headgears in the Tribal Lifestyle GalleryFile:Coat from Arunachal Pradesh, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Coat made up of Fibre, Human Hair and Cotton

Sharan Rani Bakliwal Musical Instruments Gallery

The collection on display in the Musical Instrument Gallery was donated to the museum by Padamshree (Late) Mrs. Sharan Rani Backliwal, India's Sarod Maestro. This gallery has a collection of musical instruments in tribal, folk and classical groups. There are also a few 19th-century Western instruments. The collection is divided into three parts such as Wind Instruments, String Instruments and Percussion Instruments. This gallery also has a sculpture made in bamboo of Goddess Saraswati playing the Veena.File:Gallery15 national museum india.JPG|View of the Musical InstrumentsFile:Gallery16 national museum india.JPG|Larger view of the Gallery

Wood Carving Gallery

(File:Gallery17 national museum india.JPG|thumb|300px|A View of the Wood Carving Gallery)The Wood Carving Gallery of the museum not only exhibits artefacts from India, but also from Nepal, Central India and Tibet. This gallery gives glimpses of India's wood carving tradition mainly belonging from 17th to 19th centuries illustrating the different styles of wood carvings from Rajasthan, Gujarat, Orissa and South India.File:Wooden mandap nm india.JPG|The Mandap kept in the Wood Carving galleryFile:Wood mandap nm india.JPG|Inner view of the Wooden MandapFile:Wood mandap2 nm india.JPG|Inner view of the Wooden MandapFile:Nm artefacts 12.JPG|Carved Door from Gujarat

Arms and Armour Gallery

(File:Gallery18 national museum india.JPG|thumb|300px|A view of the Gallery)This gallery exhibits arms from the Stone Age up to the Modern Age. The collection comprises edged weapons, projectiles, smashing weapons, sacrificial and ritual weapons, fire arms, armour for men and animals, ornamental and war accessories. The collection is predominantly Mughal in addition to Maratha, Sikh, Rajput arms which are also well represented. File:Stone Age arms, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Arms from Stone & Bronze AgeFile:Body Armour of Aurangzeb, Mughal Period, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Body Armour of AurangzebFile:Bow and Arrow of Bahadur Shah Zafar 2, Sword and Dagger of Aurangzeb and battle Axe of Nadir Shah, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Bow & Arrow of Bahadur Shah Zafar II, Sword & Dagger of Aurangzeb and Battle Axe of Nadir ShahFile:Shield of Maharana Sangram Singh, National Museum, New Delhi.jpg|Shield of Maharana Sangram Singh II

Tradition, Art and Continuity

A Gallery with over 200 objects ranging from a wide geographical and social spectrum, acquired from private collectors was added to the museum on 6 February 2014. Various objects on display are a palanquin from the Santhal community, scroll paintings from West Bengal, textiles such as Phulkaris from Punjab and bronze sculptures from Bastar, besides terracotta works and basketry.The gallery is a rich representation of art from various parts of India.New gallery at National Museum | Vancouverdesi.comNew gallery at National Museum

Auditorium

Beside the galleries, the museum also has an auditorium with a seating capacity of 250 people. A brief film introducing the museum and its collections is screened in the auditorium regularly. Film shows on art, historical and heritage are also shown.

See also

References

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