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Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
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{{redirect|Basketball Hall of Fame}}







factoids
}}The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame is an American history museum and hall of fame, located at 1000 Hall of Fame Avenue in Springfield, Massachusetts. It serves as the sport's most complete library, in addition to promoting and preserving the history of basketball. Dedicated to Canadian physician and inventor of the sport James Naismith, it was opened and inducted its first class in 1959.As of the induction of the Class of 2018, the Hall has formally inducted 389 individuals.

History of the Springfield building

The Naismith Hall of Fame was established in 1959 by Lee Williams, a former athletic director at Colby College. In the 1960s, the Basketball Hall of Fame struggled to raise enough money for the construction of its first facility. However, during the following half-decade the necessary amount was raised, and the building opened on Feb. 17, 1968, less than one month after the National Basketball Association played its 18th All-Star Game. The Basketball Hall of Fame's Board named four inductees in its first year. In addition to honoring those who contributed to basketball, the Hall of Fame sought to make contributions of its own. In 1979, the Hall of Fame sponsored the Tip-Off Classic, a pre-season college basketball exhibition. This Tip-Off Classic has been the start to the college basketball season ever since, and although it does not always take place in Springfield, Massachusetts, generally it returns every few years.In the 17 years that the original Basketball Hall of Fame operated at Springfield College, it drew more than 630,000 visitors. The popularity of the Basketball Hall of Fame necessitated that a new facility be constructed, and in 1985, an $11 million facility was built beside the scenic Connecticut River in Springfield. As the new hall opened, it also recognized women for the first time, with inductees such as Senda Berenson Abbott, who first introduced basketball to women at Smith College. During the years following its construction, the Basketball Hall of Fame's second facility drew far more visitors than ever anticipated, due in large part to the increasing popularity of the game but also to the scenic location beside the river and the second Hall's interesting modern architecture{{Citation needed|reason=Is there any documentation about the reason for the increase in numbers?|date=December 2017}}.In 2002, the Basketball Hall of Fame moved againNEWS,weblink Where is the national basketball Hall of Fame located? - The Basketball Fans, 2018-10-16, The Basketball Fans, 2018-11-28, en-US, —albeit merely 100 yards south along Springfield's riverfront—into a $47 million facility designed by renowned architects Gwathmey Siegel & Associates. The building's architecture features a metallic silver, basketball-shaped sphere flanked by two similarly symmetrical rhombuses. The dome is illuminated at night and features 80,000 square foot (7,400 m²), including numerous restaurants and an extensive gift shop. The second Basketball Hall of Fame was not torn down but rather converted into an LA Fitness health clubs. The current Basketball Hall of Fame features Center Court, a full-sized basketball court on which visitors can play. Inside the building there are a game gallery, many interactive exhibits, several theaters, and an honor ring of inductees. A large theater for ceremonies seats up to 300. The honorees inducted in 2002 included the Harlem Globetrotters and Magic Johnson, a five-time NBA champion, three-time NBA finals MVP and Olympic gold medalist.WEB, Caroline Thompson,weblink The History of Basketball in the 1930s, Livestrong.Com, 2015-10-14, 2016-03-31, As of 2011, the current Basketball Hall of Fame has greatly exceeded attendance expectations, with basketball fans traveling to the Hall of Fame from all over the world. Despite the new facility's success, a logistical problem remains for the Basketball Hall of Fame and the City of Springfield. The two entities (along with the riverfront area entirely) are separated by the Interstate 91 elevated highway—one of the eastern United States' busiest highways—which, essentially, inhibits foot-traffic and other interaction between the Basketball Hall of Fame and Springfield's increasingly lively Metro Center. Both the Hall and Springfield have made public statements about cooperating further so as to facilitate even more business and recreational growth for both; however the placement and height of Interstate 91 remain physical obstacles. Urban planners at universities such as UMass Amherst have called for the I-91 to be moved, or to be re-configured so as to be pedestrian-friendly to Hall of Fame visitors. In 2010, the Urban Land Institute announced a plan to make the walk between Springfield's Metro Center and the Hall of Fame (and riverfront) easier.WEB,weblink Archived copy, April 8, 2014, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120324071020weblink">weblink March 24, 2012, Image:Naismith basketball pole.jpg|thumb|right|200px|A basketball sculpture soars into the sky above the Basketball Hall of Fame in Springfield, Massachusetts.{{citation
| last=Linn
| first=Charles
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| title=Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
| newspaper=(Archit. Rec.|Architectural Record]]
| volume=
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| date=January 2003
| url=http://archrecord.construction.com/projects/BTS/archives/museums/Naismith/overview.asp
| postscript={{inconsistent citations}}
| deadurl=yes
| archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20080705163759weblink
| archivedate=2008-07-05
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}})

Criteria for induction

In contrast to the Pro Football and the National Baseball Halls of Fame, Springfield honors international and American professionals, as well as American and international amateurs, making it arguably the most comprehensive Hall of Fame among major sports. From 2011 to 2015 seven committees were, and as of 2016 six committees are employed to both screen and elect candidates. Four of the committees screen prospective candidates:PRESS RELEASE,weblink Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Announces 12 Finalists for 2011 Election, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, February 18, 2011, February 18, 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110222011516weblink">weblink February 22, 2011,
  • North American Screening Committee (9 members)
  • Women's Screening Committee (7 members)
  • International Screening Committee (7 members)
  • Veterans Screening Committee (7 members), with "Veterans" defined as individuals whose careers ended at least 35 years before they are considered for election.WEB,weblink Guidelines For Nomination and Election Into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, February 18, 2011, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090904105906weblink">weblink September 4, 2009,
Since 2011, the Veterans and International Committees also vote to directly induct one candidate for each induction class.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Announces 12 Finalists for 2013 Election, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, February 15, 2013, February 25, 2013, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130218082808weblink">weblink February 18, 2013, Three committees were formed in 2011 to directly elect one candidate for each induction class:
  • American Basketball Association Committee - This committee was permanently disbanded in 2015 because it had fulfilled its purpose over the previous five years.WEB,weblink Hall of Fame Announces Modifications to its Enshrinement Process, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, December 14, 2015, 24 December 2015, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20151225153600weblink">weblink 25 December 2015,
  • Contributor Direct Election Committee
    • Other committees may choose to elect contributors. For example, the 2014 class included two contributors.
  • Early African-American Pioneers of the Game Committee
Individuals who receive at least seven votes from the North American Screening Committee or five votes from one of the other screening committees in a given year are eligible to advance to an Honors Committee, composed of 12 members plus rotating groups of 12 specialists (one group for female candidates, one group for international candidates, and one group for American and veterans candidates) who vote on each candidate. Each screening committee has a limited number of candidates it may submit to the Honors Committee—10 from the North American Committee, and two from each of the other committees. Any individual receiving at least 18 affirmative votes (75% of all votes cast) from the Honors Committee is approved for induction into the Hall of Fame. As long as the number of candidates receiving sufficient votes from a screening committee is not greater than the number of finalists that the committee is permitted to submit, advancement to the Honors Committee is generally pro forma, although the Hall's Board of Trustees may remove from consideration any candidate who "has damaged the integrity of the game of basketball".{{dead link|date=June 2017}}To be considered for induction by a screening committee, a player, retired coach, or referee must be fully retired from that role for at least three full seasons.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Announces Modifications to its Enshrinement Process Beginning with the Class of 2018, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, December 19, 2017, February 17, 2018, The waiting period had originally been five years, but was changed to four years in December 2015,WEB,weblink Guidelines For Nomination and Election, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, 24 December 2015, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090904105906weblink">weblink 4 September 2009, and to three seasons in December 2017. Prior to the induction class of 2018, referees had been eligible for induction after 25 years of full-time service, even if still active. Changes to the criteria for consideration of active coaches were also announced as part of the 2017 changes. Currently, coaches become eligible upon 25 years of full-time service at the high school level or above, or three seasons after retirement. Effective with the class of 2020, active coaches must meet the years of service requirement and be at least 60 years old. No years of service criterion is required for those who have made a "significant contribution to the game of basketball". Sportswriters and commentators are elected as full-fledged members, in contrast to the Baseball Hall of Fame that places them in separate wings from the "real" Hall of Fame.

Controversy

Controversy has arisen over aspects of the Hall's voting procedures, including voter anonymity. While sportswriter voters of other major sports' Halls of Fame openly debate their choices, the Naismith Hall process is not transparent.WEB, Aschburner, Steve, Hall of Fame selection process leaves much to be desired,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140408010101weblink">weblinkweb.archive.org/web/20140408215012/http%3Awww.nba.com/2010/news/features/steve_aschburner/08/12/hall.process/index.html, 8 April 2014, yes, The Hall has also been criticized for a tendency to enshrine active collegiate coaches and relatively obscure players while omitting some accomplished players and coaches.WEB, Ziller, Tom, Fans to Vote for Basketball Hall of Fame Inductees,weblink AOL News, 11 May 2013, 30 March 2010, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110212083544weblink">weblink 12 February 2011,

Inductees

missing image!
- B-Ball HOF.jpg -
The entrance to the former site of the Basketball Hall of Fame near Metro Center Springfield.
Since 1959, 395 coaches, players, referees, contributors, and teams have been inducted,Hall of Famers, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, 2009 with the most recent class entering on September 8, 2018.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Announces Class of 2013, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, April 8, 2013, September 9, 2013, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130412075639weblink">weblink April 12, 2013, John Wooden, Lenny Wilkens, Bill Sharman, and Tom Heinsohn have each been inducted as both player and coach (Wooden in 1960 and 1973, Sharman in 1976 and 2004, Wilkens in 1989 and 1998, and Heinsohn in 1986 and 2015).espn.go.com, Mutombo, Johnson, Calipari Among HOF Nominees, accessed February 14, 2015. John McLendon has been inducted as both coach and contributor, entering in 1979 as a contributor and 2016 as a coach.WEB,weblink Basketball legend ‘Coach Mac,’ John McLendon, finally in Hall of Fame as coach, Claude, Johnson, The Undefeated (website), The Undefeated, September 8, 2016, March 31, 2018, On three occasions, the Hall has inducted new classes without honoring a player – 1965, 1968, and 2007.hoophall.com, Year By Year Enshrinees into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, accessed February 16, 2008. {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080216121106weblink |date=February 16, 2008 }}

Other Hall awards

In conjunction with the Final Four of each year's NCAA Division I men's and women's basketball tournaments, the Naismith Hall gives out several awards to college basketball athletes:For men, the Hall presents awards to the top players in Division I at each of the five standard basketball positions.
  • The Bob Cousy Award, presented since 2004 to the top point guard. The award was originally open to players in all three NCAA divisions (I, II, and III), but is now restricted to D-I players.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Narrows Watch List for 2018 Bob Cousy Award, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, February 5, 2018, February 18, 2018,
  • The Jerry West Award, presented since 2015 to the top shooting guard.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Narrows Watch List for 2018 Jerry West Award, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, February 6, 2018, February 18, 2018,
  • The Julius Erving Award, presented since 2015 to the top small forward.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Narrows Watch List for 2018 Julius Erving Award, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, February 7, 2018, February 18, 2018,
  • The Karl Malone Award, presented since 2015 to the top power forward.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Narrows Watch List for 2018 Karl Malone Award, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, February 8, 2018, February 18, 2018,
  • The Kareem Abdul-Jabbar Award, presented since 2015 to the top center.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Narrows Watch List for 2018 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar Award, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, February 6, 2018, February 18, 2018,
Each of the award winners is chosen by a Hall of Fame selection committee, plus the award's namesake.The Hall, in cooperation with the Women's Basketball Coaches Association, presents analogous awards for the top Division I women's players at each position. One has been awarded since 2000; the others were first presented in 2018.
  • The Nancy Lieberman Award for the top point guard was the Hall's only women's positional award that was presented before 2018, having first been awarded in 2000.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Women's Basketball Coaches Association Narrow Watch List for 2018 Nancy Lieberman Award, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, January 29, 2018, February 18, 2018,
  • The Ann Meyers Drysdale Award, first presented in 2018 to the top shooting guard.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Women's Basketball Coaches Association Narrow Watch List for 2018 Ann Meyers Drysdale Award, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, January 30, 2018, February 18, 2018,
  • The Cheryl Miller Award, first presented in 2018 to the top small forward.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Women's Basketball Coaches Association Narrow Watch List for 2018 Cheryl Miller Award, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, January 31, 2018, February 18, 2018,
  • The Katrina McClain Award, first presented in 2018 to the top power forward.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Women's Basketball Coaches Association Narrow Watch List for 2018 Katrina McClain Award, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, February 1, 2018, February 18, 2018,
  • The Lisa Leslie Award, first presented in 2018 to the top center.PRESS RELEASE,weblink Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Women's Basketball Coaches Association Narrow Watch List for 2018 Lisa Leslie Award, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, February 2, 2018, February 18, 2018,
As with the men's awards, the selection committee for the women's awards includes each award's namesake.The Hall also formerly presented the Frances Pomeroy Naismith Award to two college seniors—one male player no taller than {{convert|72|in|m|sigfig=3}}, and one female player no taller than {{convert|68|in|m|sigfig=3}}—determined to have been the nation's best student-athletes. The men's award, given since 1969, was voted on by the National Association of Basketball Coaches (NABC), and the women's, given since 1984, by members of the Women's Basketball Coaches Association. Both awards were discontinued after the 2012–13 season.

See also

References

{{Reflist|30em}}

External links

{{commons category|Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame building}}
  • {{Official website}}
{{Coord|42|05|37.5|N|72|35|05.0|W|display=title}}
{{Basketball Hall of Fame|state=collapsed}}{{NBA}}{{SpringfieldMA}}

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