NBA All-Star Game

aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
NBA All-Star Game
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki

The National Basketball Association All-Star Game is a basketball exhibition game hosted every February by the National Basketball Association (NBA) and showcases 24 of the league's star players. It is the featured event of NBA All-Star Weekend, a three-day event which goes from Friday to Sunday. The All-Star Game was first played at the Boston Garden on March 2, 1951.The starting lineup for each squad is selected by a combination of fan, player, and media voting,NEWS,weblink How NBA's new voting format determined All-Star starters, snubs, ESPN, 2017-07-03, while head coaches choose the reserves,NEWS,,weblink Anthony snubbed when All-Star reserves announced, Associated Press, February 1, 2007, February 2, 2007, seven players from their respective conferences, so each side has a 12-man roster. Coaches are not allowed to vote for their own players. If a selected player cannot participate because of injury, the NBA commissioner selects a replacement. Starting in 2018, the leading vote-getters for each conference are designated as team captains and can choose from the pool of All-Star reserves to form their teams regardless of conference. LeBron James and Stephen Curry became the first players to choose teams through the new format, selecting players for the 2018 NBA All-Star Game in a non-televised draft on January 25.WEB, Barnewall, Chris, NBA All-Star Game draft results: LeBron James, Stephen Curry select their teams,weblink CBS Sports, CBS, 26 January 2018, Likely due to fan interest in the draft process, captains for the 2019 All-Star Game, James and Giannis Antetokounmpo, drafted their teams live on TNT. WEB, Smith, Sekou, All-Star Draft filled with surprises and even one trade,weblink NBA, NBA, February 11, 2019, The teams also play for a charity of their choice to help the games remain competitive.WEB, No more East vs. West as NBA revamps All-Star Game format,weblink, October 3, 2017, October 3, 2017, en, The head coach of the team with the best record in each conference is chosen to lead their respective conference in the All-Star Game, with a prohibition against repeat appearances. Known as the "Riley Rule", it was created after perennially successful Los Angeles Lakers head coach Pat Riley earned the right to coach the Western Conference team eight times in nine seasons between 1982 and 1990. The coach of the team with the next best record gets to coach instead.


The idea of holding an All-Star Game was conceived during a meeting between NBA President Maurice Podoloff, NBA publicity director Haskell Cohen and Boston Celtics owner Walter A. Brown. At that time, the basketball world had just been stunned by the college basketball point-shaving scandal.In order to regain public attention to the league, Cohen suggested the league to host an exhibition game featuring the league's best players, similar to Major League Baseball's All-Star Game.WEB,weblink Haskell Cohen, 86, Publicist; Created N.B.A. All-Star Game, Richard, Goldstein, July 3, 2000, The New York Times, June 21, 2010, Although most people, including Podoloff, were pessimistic about the idea, Brown remained confident that it would be a success, and he even offered to host the game and to cover all the expenses or potential losses incurred from the game.WEB,weblink That's entertainment; Counting down the top 15 All-Star Weekend moments, Paul, Forrester, February 16, 2007, Sports Illustrated, Time Warner Company, June 21, 2010, In the first All-Star Game, the Eastern All-Stars team defeated the Western All-Stars team 111–94.Boston Celtics' Ed Macauley was named as the first NBA All-Star Game Most Valuable Player, and the All-Star Game became a success, drawing an attendance of 10,094, much higher than that season's average attendance of 3,500.WEB,weblink 57 Memorable All-Star Moments–1950s, Andrejs, Penikis,, Turner Sports Interactive, Inc, June 21, 2010,weblink" title="">weblink March 5, 2009, In 2010, the NBA All Star Game set the attendance record for a basketball game when 108,713 fans jammed Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, Texas. This shattered the existing attendance record previously held at Ford Field on December 13, 2003, when 78,129 attendees watched Michigan State play Kentucky.WEB,weblink Jones, Cuban hoping to break 100,000, Tim, MacMahon,, The 2017 All-Star Weekend was originally awarded to Charlotte, North Carolina. On March 23, 2016, North Carolina passed House Bill 2 as a remedy to Charlotte Ordinance 7056. This led to the NBA threatening to pull the game from Charlotte if the bill was not repealed or revised so as to not discriminate against the LGBT community. The NBA announced on July 21, 2016 that the game would be moved from Charlotte to New Orleans.On October 3, 2017, the NBA and NBPA announced the changes to the NBA All-Star Game format starting with the 2018 NBA All-Star Game. The vote leaders for each conferences will be assigned as team captains and will be able to select players from the rest of the starters and the reserves, regardless of the conference they play in, to form their own teams. This marks the first time, the conferences will not play against each other since the inaugural All-Star Game.

Features of the All-Star Game

The starting five from each conference consists of three frontcourt players and two guards, selected by a combination of fan, player, and media voting. In 2017, the NBA moved from a pure fan vote to a weighted process wherein fan voting accounts for 50% of the total and player and media voting account for 25% each. The league made the change in response to social media campaigns that resulted in mediocre players such as journeyman Zaza Pachulia nearly being voted as All-Star starters over more deserving players.,NEWS,weblink Players and media can now vote on NBA All-Star starters,, 2017-07-03, Prior to 2013, fans selected two forwards and one center instead of generic frontcourt players.NEWS, Beck, Howard, The All-Star Center is Officially Extinct, October 24, 2012, New York Times,weblink October 24, 2012, The N.B.A., bowing to new realities in a multi-positional era, has eliminated "center" from its All-Star ballots for the 2012–13 season. Instead, fans will vote for three frontcourt players and two guards., The NBA in 2003 began offering All-Star ballots in three languages—English, Spanish and Chinese—for fan voting of the starters.NEWS, Vecsey, George, George Vecsey, Fans in Shanghai Are Voting in the Mainstream, January 12, 2003, The New York Times,weblink NBA coaches vote for the reserves for their respective conferences, none of which can be players on their own team. Each coach selects two guards, three frontcourt players and two wild cards, with each selected player ranked in order of preference within each category. If a multi-position player is to be selected, coaches are encouraged to vote for the player at the position that is "most advantageous for the All-Star team", regardless of where the player is listed on the All-Star ballot or the position he is listed in box scores.NEWS, Stein, Marc, 1. Reserve Judgment: Stein's All-Star Benches, January 18, 2013, ESPN,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink January 20, 2013, no, If a player is unavailable for the game due to injury, the NBA commissioner selects a replacement for the roster. If the replacement is for a fan-selected starter, the all-star coach chooses the replacement in the starting lineup, and is not limited to the commissioner's addition to the roster.PRESS RELEASE, DeMarcus Cousins to replace Kobe Bryant in 2015 NBA All-Star Game, January 30, 2015, NBA,weblinkweblink" title="">weblink February 2, 2015, no, It is also possible for more than one All-Star to be selected from one team, but there has never been more than four All-Stars represent a team in the game. Most recently was the 2017 Golden State Warriors who had four players represent that team (Stephen Curry, Kevin Durant, Draymond Green, and Klay Thompson.) This has only occurred eight times dating back to 1962 Boston Celtics and the 1962 Los Angeles Lakers.WEB,weblink Trivia:NBA Teams with 4 All-Stars, The Game is played under normal NBA rules, but there are notable differences from an average game. Since the starting All-Stars are selected by fan vote, players sometimes start the game at atypical positions. For instance, in 2007 Kobe Bryant and Tracy McGrady had the two highest fan vote totals among Western Conference guards. As both players normally play shooting guard, Bryant, who is 6'6" (198 cm), started the game as a point guard, despite him also manning the shooting guard position on his team.The player introductions are usually accompanied by a significant amount of fanfare, including lighting effects, dance music, and pyrotechnics. Special uniforms are designed for the game each year, usually red for the Western Conference and blue for the Eastern Conference, but the 1997–2002 games allowed players the opportunity to wear their respective team uniforms, and until 2009 and from 2015 to the present, the host conference wore light uniforms. Originally players from the same team who share a number have the option to either keep or change numbers (e.g. Patrick Ewing trading his familiar #33 for #3 because of Larry Bird wearing the same number), but since 1997 players from the same team can keep their customary uniform numbers even if they share them. A major recording artist typically sings "O Canada" and "The Star-Spangled Banner" prior to tipoff. One of the more memorable performances was given by Marvin Gaye during the 1983 game; Gaye was accompanied by Gordon Banks, who played a tape from an all night session that used numerous elements of soul music and funk, and Banks still has that historic tape of the music to which Gaye sang his soulful version.Gameplay usually involves players attempting spectacular slam dunks and alley oops. Defensive effort is usually limited and the final score of the game is generally much higher than an average NBA game. The coaches also try to give most of the reserve players some time on the court instead of using a limited rotation as they would in a normal game, but giving the starters more minutes because that's who the fans want to see most. The fourth quarter of the game is often played in a more competitive fashion, if the game is close.Halftime is also longer than a typical NBA game due to musical performances by popular artists. Recent guests have included Michael Jackson, Snoop Dogg, Ariana Grande, Elton John, Beyoncé, Mariah Carey, OutKast, Alicia Keys, Shakira, Rihanna, Nicki Minaj, Kendrick Lamar, Christina Aguilera, Pharrell Williams, Migos, and John Legend. The 2019 All Star Halftime show was headlined by J. Cole and Meek Mill.WEB,weblink J. Cole, Meek Mill to headline All-Star Game, 2019-01-30,, en, 2019-02-01,

All-Star Game records

All-Star Game results

This is a list of each All-Star Game, the venue at which it was played, and the Game MVP. Parenthesized numbers indicate multiple times that venue, city, or player has occurred as of that instance (e.g. "Michael Jordan (2)" in 1996 indicates that was his second All-Star MVP award). {{As of|2017|02|19|alt=As of the 2017 All-Star Game (the 2016–17 NBA season)}}, the Eastern Conference leads with a record of 38 wins and 29 losses. {| class="wikitable sortable"! style="background:#d0e7ff;"|Eastern Conference (37 wins)! style="background:#fcc;"|Western Conference (29 wins)Note: Stadium names are named based on the name at the day of the All-Star Game.{| class="wikitable sortable"! Year !! Result !! Host arena !! Host city !! Game MVP1951 NBA All-Star Game>1951 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 111, West 94 >Boston Garden >Boston>Boston, Massachusetts Ed Macauley, Boston Celtics1952 NBA All-Star Game>1952 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 108, West 91 >| Paul Arizin, Philadelphia Warriors1953 NBA All-Star Game>1953 style="background:#fcc;"West 79, East 75 >Allen County War Memorial Coliseum >Fort Wayne, Indiana >| George Mikan, Minneapolis Lakers1954 NBA All-Star Game>1954 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 98, West 93 (OT) >Madison Square Garden (1925)>Madison Square Garden III** New York City >| Bob Cousy, Boston Celtics1955 NBA All-Star Game>1955 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 100, West 91 >| Bill Sharman, Boston Celtics1956 NBA All-Star Game>1956 style="background:#fcc;"West 108, East 94 >Rochester War Memorial Coliseum >Rochester, New York >| Bob Pettit, St. Louis Hawks1957 NBA All-Star Game>1957 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 109, West 97 >| Bob Cousy (2), Boston Celtics1958 NBA All-Star Game>1958 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 130, West 118 >St. Louis Arena >St. Louis>St. Louis, Missouri Bob Pettit (2), St. Louis Hawks1959 NBA All-Star Game>1959 style="background:#fcc;"West 124, East 108 >Detroit Olympia>Olympia Stadium Detroit >| Elgin Baylor, Minneapolis LakersBob Pettit (3), St. Louis Hawks1960 NBA All-Star Game>1960 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 125, West 115 >Philadelphia Civic Center>Convention Hall Philadelphia >| Wilt Chamberlain, Philadelphia Warriors1961 NBA All-Star Game>1961 style="background:#fcc;"West 153, East 131 >Onondaga County War Memorial Coliseum >Syracuse, New York >| Oscar Robertson, Cincinnati Royals1962 NBA All-Star Game>1962 style="background:#fcc;"West 150, East 130 >| Bob Pettit (4), St. Louis Hawks1963 NBA All-Star Game>1963 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 115, West 108 >Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena>LA Sports Arena Los Angeles >| Bill Russell, Boston Celtics1964 NBA All-Star Game>1964 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 111, West 107 >| Oscar Robertson (2), Cincinnati Royals1965 NBA All-Star Game>1965 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 124, West 123 >| Jerry Lucas, Cincinnati Royals1966 NBA All-Star Game>1966 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 137, West 94 >Cincinnati Gardens >Cincinnati>Cincinnati, Ohio Adrian Smith, Cincinnati Royals1967 NBA All-Star Game>1967 style="background:#fcc;"West 135, East 120 >Cow Palace >Daly City, California >| Rick Barry, San Francisco Warriors1968 NBA All-Star Game>1968 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 144, West 124 >| Hal Greer, Philadelphia 76ers1969 NBA All-Star Game>1969 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 123, West 112 >Baltimore Civic Center >Baltimore>Baltimore, Maryland Oscar Robertson (3), Cincinnati Royals1970 NBA All-Star Game>1970 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 142, West 135 >Spectrum (arena)>The Spectrum Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (2) Willis Reed, New York Knicks1971 NBA All-Star Game>1971 style="background:#fcc;"West 108, East 107 >San Diego Sports Arena >San Diego, California >| Lenny Wilkens, Seattle SuperSonics1972 NBA All-Star Game>1972 style="background:#fcc;"West 112, East 110 >The Forum (Inglewood, California)>The Forum Inglewood, California Jerry West, Los Angeles Lakers1973 NBA All-Star Game>1973 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 104, West 84 >Chicago Stadium >Chicago>Chicago, Illinois Dave Cowens, Boston Celtics1974 NBA All-Star Game>1974 style="background:#fcc;"West 134, East 123 >Seattle Center Coliseum >Seattle>Seattle, Washington Bob Lanier, Detroit Pistons1975 NBA All-Star Game>1975 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 108, West 102 >Arizona Veterans Memorial Coliseum >Phoenix, Arizona >| Walt Frazier, New York Knicks1976 NBA All-Star Game>1976 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 123, West 109 >| Dave Bing, Washington Bullets1977 NBA All-Star Game>1977 style="background:#fcc;"West 125, East 124 >Milwaukee Arena >Milwaukee>Milwaukee, Wisconsin Julius Erving, Philadelphia 76ers1978 NBA All-Star Game>1978 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 133, West 125 >Omni Coliseum >Atlanta>Atlanta, Georgia Randy Smith, Buffalo Braves1979 NBA All-Star Game>1979 style="background:#fcc;"West 134, East 129 >Pontiac Silverdome >Pontiac, Michigan†>David Thompson (basketball)>David Thompson, Denver Nuggets1980 NBA All-Star Game>1980 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 144, West 136 (OT) >Capital Centre >Landover, Maryland >| George Gervin, San Antonio Spurs1981 NBA All-Star Game>1981 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 123, West 120 >Richfield Coliseum>Coliseum at Richfield Richfield Township, Summit County, Ohio >| Nate Archibald, Boston Celtics1982 NBA All-Star Game>1982 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 120, West 118 >Brendan Byrne Arena >East Rutherford, New Jersey >| Larry Bird, Boston Celtics1983 NBA All-Star Game>1983 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 132, West 123 >| Julius Erving (2), Philadelphia 76ers1984 NBA All-Star Game>1984 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 154, West 145 (OT) >McNichols Sports Arena >Denver>Denver, Colorado Isiah Thomas, Detroit Pistons1985 NBA All-Star Game>1985 style="background:#fcc;"West 140, East 129 >Hoosier Dome >Indianapolis>Indianapolis, Indiana† Ralph Sampson, Houston Rockets1986 NBA All-Star Game>1986 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 139, West 132 >Reunion Arena >Dallas>Dallas, Texas Isiah Thomas (2), Detroit Pistons1987 NBA All-Star Game>1987 style="background:#fcc;"West 154, East 149 (OT) >Kingdome >Tom Chambers (basketball)>Tom Chambers, Seattle SuperSonics1988 NBA All-Star Game>1988 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 138, West 133 >| Michael Jordan, Chicago Bulls1989 NBA All-Star Game>1989 style="background:#fcc;"West 143, East 134 >Astrodome >Houston, Texas† >| Karl Malone, Utah Jazz1990 NBA All-Star Game>1990 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 130, West 113 >Miami Arena >Miami>Miami, Florida Magic Johnson, Los Angeles Lakers1991 NBA All-Star Game>1991 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 116, West 114 >Charlotte Coliseum >Charlotte, North Carolina >| Charles Barkley, Philadelphia 76ers1992 NBA All-Star Game>1992 style="background:#fcc;"West 153, East 113 >Orlando Arena >Orlando, Florida >| Magic Johnson (2), Los Angeles Lakers1993 NBA All-Star Game>1993 style="background:#fcc;"West 135, East 132 (OT) >Delta Center >Salt Lake City>Salt Lake City, Utah Karl Malone (2), Utah JazzJohn Stockton, Utah Jazz1994 NBA All-Star Game>1994 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 127, West 118 >Target Center >Minneapolis>Minneapolis, Minnesota Scottie Pippen, Chicago Bulls1995 NBA All-Star Game>1995 style="background:#fcc;"West 139, East 112 >America West Arena§ >| Mitch Richmond, Sacramento Kings1996 NBA All-Star Game>1996 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 129, West 118 >Alamodome >San Antonio>San Antonio, Texas Michael Jordan (2), Chicago Bulls1997 NBA All-Star Game>1997 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 132, West 120 >Gund Arena§ >Cleveland>Cleveland, Ohio Glen Rice, Charlotte Hornets1998 NBA All-Star Game>1998 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 135, West 114 >Madison Square Garden*** >| Michael Jordan (3), Chicago BullsCanceled due to the league's 1998–99 NBA lockout.The game was originally set to play at the First Union Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.HTTP://WWW.SFGATE.COM/CGI-BIN/ARTICLE.CGI?F=/C/A/1998/12/09/SP102770.DTL ACCESSDATE=DECEMBER 17, 2008 DATE=DECEMBER 9, 1998 LAST=STEELE, 2000 NBA All-Star Game>2000 style="background:#fcc;"West 137, East 126 >The Arena in Oakland >Oakland, California >| Tim Duncan, San Antonio SpursShaquille O'Neal, Los Angeles Lakers2001 NBA All-Star Game>2001 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 111, West 110 >MCI Center >Washington, D.C. >| Allen Iverson, Philadelphia 76ers2002 NBA All-Star Game>2002 style="background:#fcc;"West 135, East 120 >First Union Center >| Kobe Bryant, Los Angeles Lakers2003 NBA All-Star Game>2003 style="background:#fcc;"West 155, East 145 (2OT) >Philips Arena >| Kevin Garnett, Minnesota Timberwolves2004 NBA All-Star Game>2004 style="background:#fcc;"West 136, East 132 >Staples Center >| Shaquille O'Neal (2), Los Angeles Lakers2005 NBA All-Star Game>2005 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 125, West 115 >Pepsi Center >| Allen Iverson (2), Philadelphia 76ers2006 NBA All-Star Game>2006 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 122, West 120 >Toyota Center >| LeBron James, Cleveland Cavaliers2007 NBA All-Star Game>2007 style="background:#fcc;"West 153, East 132 >Thomas & Mack Center >Paradise, Nevada>Las Vegas, Nevada* Kobe Bryant (2), Los Angeles Lakers2008 NBA All-Star Game>2008 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 134, West 128 >New Orleans Arena§ >New Orleans, Louisiana >| LeBron James (2), Cleveland Cavaliers2009 NBA All-Star Game>2009 style="background:#fcc;"West 146, East 119 >| Kobe Bryant (3), Los Angeles LakersShaquille O'Neal (3), Phoenix Suns2010 NBA All-Star Game>2010 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 141, West 139 >Cowboys Stadium >Arlington, Texas#† >| Dwyane Wade, Miami Heat2011 NBA All-Star Game>2011 style="background:#fcc;"West 148, East 143 >| Kobe Bryant (4), Los Angeles Lakers2012 NBA All-Star Game>2012 style="background:#fcc;"West 152, East 149 >Amway Center >| Kevin Durant, Oklahoma City Thunder2013 NBA All-Star Game>2013 style="background:#fcc;"West 143, East 138 >| Chris Paul, Los Angeles Clippers2014 NBA All-Star Game>2014 style="background:#d0e7ff;"East 163, West 155 >Smoothie King Center (2) >| Kyrie Irving, Cleveland Cavaliers2015 NBA All-Star Game>2015 style="background:#fcc;"West 163, East 158 >Barclays Center>| Russell Westbrook, Oklahoma City Thunder2016 NBA All-Star Game>2016 style="background:#fcc;"West 196, East 173 >Air Canada Centre >Toronto>Toronto, Ontario Russell Westbrook (2), Oklahoma City Thunder2017 NBA All-Star Game>2017 style="background:#fcc;"West 192, East 182 >Anthony Davis (basketball)>Anthony Davis, New Orleans Pelicans2018 NBA All-Star Game>2018 Team LeBron 148, Team Stephen 145Staples Center (3) Los Angeles, California (4) LeBron James (3), Cleveland Cavaliers2019 NBA All-Star Game>2019 Team LeBron 178, Team Giannis 164 Spectrum Center (arena)>| Kevin Durant (2), Golden State Warriors2020 NBA All-Star Game>2020HTTP://WWW.CHICAGOTRIBUNE.COM/SPORTS/BASKETBALL/BULLS/CT-CHICAGO-TO-HOST-2020-NBA-ALL-STAR-GAME-20171109-STORY.HTML>TITLE=CHICAGO TO HOST NBA ALL-STAR 2020PUBLISHER=NBA.COM, TBA vs. TBA United Center Chicago, Illinois (3)2021 NBA All-Star Game>2021HTTP://WWW.NBA.COM/ARTICLE/2017/12/13/INDIANA-PACERS-HOST-NBA-ALL-STAR-2021>TITLE=INDIANAPOLIS SELECTED TO HOST NBA ALL-STAR 2021PUBLISHER=NBA.COM, TBA vs. TBA Bankers Life Fieldhouse Indianapolis, Indiana (2)2022 NBA All-Star Game>2022HTTP://WWW.NBA.COM/ARTICLE/2018/11/01/NBA-ALL-STAR-2022-CLEVELAND-OHIO-QUICKEN-LOANS-ARENA>TITLE=CLEVELAND TO HOST NBA ALL-STAR 2022PUBLISHER=NBA.COM, TBA vs. TBA Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse (2) Cleveland, Ohio (2)

Other All-Star events

The All-Star Game is the featured event of All-Star Weekend, and it is held on a Sunday night. All-Star Weekend also includes a number of popular exhibition games and competitions featuring NBA players and alumni as well as players from the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) and NBA G League (G League).

See also





External links

{{NBA All-Star Games}}{{NBA All-Star Game MVP Award}}{{NBA}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "NBA All-Star Game" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 10:08pm EDT - Thu, Sep 19 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
M.R.M. Parrott