SUPPORT THE WORK

GetWiki

Muwatta Imam Malik

ARTICLE SUBJECTS
aesthetics  →
being  →
complexity  →
database  →
enterprise  →
ethics  →
fiction  →
history  →
internet  →
knowledge  →
language  →
licensing  →
linux  →
logic  →
method  →
news  →
perception  →
philosophy  →
policy  →
purpose  →
religion  →
science  →
sociology  →
software  →
truth  →
unix  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE TYPES
essay  →
feed  →
help  →
system  →
wiki  →
ARTICLE ORIGINS
critical  →
discussion  →
forked  →
imported  →
original  →
Muwatta Imam Malik
[ temporary import ]
please note:
- the content below is remote from Wikipedia
- it has been imported raw for GetWiki








factoids
{{Hadith|width=22.0em|Sunni}}The Muwaṭṭaʾ (, "well-trodden path") or Muwatta Imam Malik () of Imam Malik is the earliest written collection of hadith comprising the subjects of Islamic law, compiled by the Imam, Malik ibn Anas.BOOK, al-Kattani, Muhammad ibn Ja`far, al-Risalah al-Mustatrafah, Muhammad al-Muntasir al-Kattani, Dar al-Bashair al-Islamiyyah, Beirut, 2007, seventh, 9, 41, Arabic, Malik's best-known work, Al-Muwatta was the first legal work to incorporate and join hadith and fiqh together (except possibly for Zayd ibn Ali's Musnad).JOURNAL, Review of Al-Muwatta of Imam Malik translated by Aisha Bewley, Review of Middle East Studies, Swartz, Merlin, 1991, 25, 102–103, en, 10.1017/S0026318400024056, 0026-3184,

Description

It is considered to be from the earliest extant collections of hadith that form the basis of Islamic jurisprudence alongside the Qur'an."The Hadith for Beginners", Dr. Muhammad Zubayr Siddiqi, 1961 (2006 reprint), Goodword Books Nonetheless, is not merely a collection of hadith; many of the legal precepts it contains are based not on hadith at all. The book covers rituals, rites, customs, traditions, norms and laws of the time of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.{{citation needed|date=October 2017}}It is reported that Imam Malik selected for inclusion into the Muwatta just over 1900 narrations, from the 100,000 narrations he had available to him.{{citation needed|date=October 2017}}

History

Due to increase in juristic differences, the Caliph of the time, Abū Ja‘far al-Manṣūr, requested Imām Mālik to produce a standard book that could be promulgated as law in the country. The Imam refused this in 148 AH, but when the Caliph again came to the Ḥijāz in 163 AH, he was more forceful and said:{{citation needed|date=October 2017}}“O Abū ‘Abd Allāh, take up the reign of the discipline of fiqh in your hands. Compile your understanding of every issue in different chapters for a systematic book free from the harshness of ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Umar, concessions and accommodations of ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Abbās and unique views of ‘Abd Allāh b. Mas‘ūd. Your work should exemplify the following principle of the Prophet: “The best issues are those which are balanced.”{{citation needed|date=October 2017}} It should be a compendium of the agreed upon views of the Companions and the elder imāms on the religious and legal issues. Once you have compiled such a work then we would be able to unite the Muslims in following the single fiqh worked by you. We would then promulgate it in the entire Muslim state. We would order that no body acts contrary to it.” Ibrāhīm b. ‘Alī b. Muhammad b. Farhūn al-Ya‘murī al-Mālikī, al-Dībāj al-Madhhab fī Ma‘rifah A‘yān ‘Ulamā’ al-Madhhab, 1st ed., vol. 1 (Beirut: Dār al-Nashr, Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1996), 25.Historical reports attest that another ‘Abbāsī caliph Hārūn al-Rashīd too expressed similar wishes before Imām Mālik who remained unmoved.{{Citation needed|date=March 2016}} He, however, compiled Muwaṭṭa’, keeping before himself the target of removing the juristic differences between the scholars.{{citation needed|date=October 2017}}

Authenticity

{{Sunni Islam|Hadith collections}}Malik composed the 'Muwatta' over a period of forty years to represent the "well-trodden path" of the people of Medina. Its name also means that it is the book that is "many times agreed upon"- about whose contents the people of Medina were unanimously agreed. Its high standing is such that people of every school of fiqh and all of the imams of hadith scholarship agree upon its authenticity.{{Citation needed|date=March 2016|reason=Biased assertion.}}The Muslim Jurist, Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi`i famously said, "There is not on the face of the earth a book – after the Book of Allah – which is more authentic than the book of Malik."Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr, al-Tamhīd limā fī al-muwattā min al-ma‘ānī wa al-asānīd, vol. 1 (Morocco: Dār al-Nashr, 1387 AH), 76.Over one thousand disciples of Malik have transmitted this work from him. This has resulted in differences in the text in various instances. There are thirty known versions of the work of which the most famous is the one transmitted by Yahya al-Laithi.{{citation needed|date=October 2017}}

Composition of al-Muwatta

Al-Muwatta consists of approximately 1,720 hadith divided amongst the following hadith terminology as follows:

Distinguishing characteristics

Amin Ahsan Islahi has listed several distinguishing characteristics of the Muwatta:Mabadi Tadabbur-i-Hadith, Amin Ahsan Islahi
  1. Its briefness (in size) yet comprehensiveness (in coverage).
  2. Malik did not accept any marfū‘ hadīth (ascribed to the Prophet) if it was not verbatim transmission of the words of the Muslim prophet Muhammad (he even gave consideration to letters, prepositions and particles like wāw, tā, bā etc. in them).
  3. No acceptance of Hadith from any innovator - this is a stricter standard than many other muhaddithun.
  4. Highly literary form of the classical Arabic. This helps readers develop the ability to understand the language of the prophetic traditions.

Commentaries on Al-Muwatta

Due to the importance of the Al-Muwatta to Muslims it has often been accompanied by commentaries, mostly but not exclusively by followers of the Maliki school. It's said that on the version transmitted by Yahya al-Laithi alone there are around a hundred commentaries.Shaykh Ahmad ibn 'Abd al-'Aziz Al Mubarak, "Introduction" in Malik ibn Anas, Al-Muwatta of Imam Malik Ibn Anas: The First Formulation of Islamic Law, Routledge (2016), p. xxxv
  • Al Tamhid by Yusuf ibn abd al-Barr is organized according to the narrators which Malik narrates from, and includes extensive biographical information about each narrator in the chain.
  • al-Istidhkar, also by Ibn Abd al-Barr is more of a legal exegesis on the hadith contained in the book than a critical hadith study, as was the case with the former. It is said that the Istidhkar was written after the Tamhid, as Ibn Abd al Barr himself alludes to in the introduction. However, through close examination it is apparent that the author made revisions to both after their completion due to the cross referencing found in both.
  • The explanation of Al-Suyuti, who although a follower of the Shafi`i school, wrote a small commentary to the Al-Muwatta.
  • Al-Musaffa Sharh al-Muwatta, Shah Wali Allah Dahlawi (al-Musaffa Sharh al-Muwatta in Persian). Shah Waliullah attached great importance to the Muwatta and penned another commentary in Urdu too.
  • Al-Muntaqâ sharh al-Muwatta of Abu al-Walid al-Baji, the Andalusian Mâlikî Qâdî, (Abû al-Walîd Sulaymân ibn Khalaf al-Bâjî, al-Muntaqâ sharh Muwatta’ Mâlik, edited by Muhammad ‘Abd al-Qâdir Ahmad ‘Atâ, Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1420/1999) Sharh al-Muwatta' has two versions: al-Istifa' and its abridgment al-Muntaqa.WEB,weblink Abu al-Walid al-Baji, Sunnah.org, 2010-05-11,
  • Awjāz-ul-Masālik ilá Muwattā' Imām Mālik is a Deobandi commentary written by great scholar Muhammad Zakariya al-Kandahlawi. He began the work in 1927 in Medina while only 29 years old.
  • Sharh Muwatta al-Malik by Muhammad al-Zurqani. It is considered to be based on three other commentaries of the Muwatta; the Tamhid and the Istidhkar of Yusuf ibn Abd al Barr, as well as the Al-Muntaqa of Abu al-Walid al-Baji.
  • Al-Imla' fi Sharh al-Muwatta in 1,000 folios, by Ibn Hazm.WEB,weblink Ibn Hazm, Sunnah.org, 2010-05-11,
  • Sharh Minhaaj by Subki.WEB,weblink Al-Albani Unveiled, Masud.co.uk, 2010-05-11,
  • Sharh Muwatta by Ali al-Qari

See also

References

{{reflist}}

External links

{{wikisourcelang|ar|موطأ الإمام مالك|Al-Muwatta'}}
  • BOOK, Al-Muwatta Of Iman Malik Ibn Anas : the first formulation of Islamic law


, Malik ibn Anas, Malik ibn Anas
, Aisha Abdurrahman, Bewley, en
,weblink
, Routledge, 9781136150982, 862076830
, 1st pub. 1989, 2010, Online preview with introduction.
{{Sunni hadith literature}}{{Authority control}}

- content above as imported from Wikipedia
- "Muwatta Imam Malik" does not exist on GetWiki (yet)
- time: 1:01am EDT - Mon, Sep 23 2019
[ this remote article is provided by Wikipedia ]
LATEST EDITS [ see all ]
GETWIKI 09 JUL 2019
Eastern Philosophy
History of Philosophy
GETWIKI 09 MAY 2016
GETWIKI 18 OCT 2015
M.R.M. Parrott
Biographies
GETWIKI 20 AUG 2014
GETWIKI 19 AUG 2014
CONNECT