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Muslim
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please note:
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{{distinguish|Muslin}}{{other uses|Muslim (name)|Muslim (disambiguation)}}{{pp-semi|small=yes}}{{Use dmy dates|date=August 2017}}







factoids
HTTP://WWW.PEWFORUM.ORG/2015/04/02/RELIGIOUS-PROJECTION-TABLE/2010/NUMBER/ALL/>TITLE=THE FUTURE OF WORLD RELIGIONS: POPULATION GROWTH PROJECTIONS, 2010–2050PUBLISHER=PEW RESEARCH CENTERDEADURL=NOARCHIVEDATE=22 FEBRUARY 2017WORK=THE FUTURE OF THE GLOBAL MUSLIM POPULATION ACCESSDATE=22 DECEMBER 2011 ARCHIVEURL=HTTPS://WEB.ARCHIVE.ORG/WEB/20110209094904/HTTP://WWW.PEWFORUM.ORG/THE-FUTURE-OF-THE-GLOBAL-MUSLIM-POPULATION.ASPX, 9 February 2011, Muhammad in Islam>MuhammadALFORD T. WELCH, AHMAD S. MOUSSALLI, GORDON D. NEWBY>TITLE=MUḥAMMADEDITOR=JOHN L. ESPOSITOLOCATION=OXFORDURL=HTTP://WWW.OXFORDISLAMICSTUDIES.COM/ARTICLE/OPR/T236/E0550, The Prophet of Islam was a religious, political, and social reformer who gave rise to one of the great civilizations of the world. From a modern, historical perspective, Muḥammad was the founder of Islam. From the perspective of the Islamic faith, he was God's Messenger (rasūl Allāh), called to be a “warner,” first to the Arabs and then to all humankind.,
| image = (File:Prayer in Cairo 1865.jpg|300px)
| caption = Muslims praying in 1865 Cairo by Jean-Leon Gerome
| region1 = {{flag|Indonesia}}
| pop1 = 227,226,404
| ref1 = WEB,weblink The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency, www.cia.gov, en, 2017-05-24, no,weblink 10 December 2008, dmy-all,


| region2 = {{flag|Pakistan}}
| pop2 = 204,194,370
| ref2 = WEB,weblink The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency, www.cia.gov, en, 2017-11-05, no,weblink 3 July 2015, dmy-all,


| region3 = {{flag|India}}
| pop3 = 189,000,000
| ref3 = WEB,weblink Muslim Population in India - Muslims in Indian States, www.indiaonlinepages.com, 2017-10-04, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170908034112weblink">weblink 8 September 2017, dmy-all,


| region4 = {{flag|Bangladesh}}
| pop4 = 148,607,000
| ref4 = NEWS,weblink The Future of the Global Muslim Population, 2011-01-15, Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project, 2017-05-24, en-US, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170524215707weblink">weblink 24 May 2017, dmy-all,


| region5 = {{nowrap|{{flag|Nigeria}}}}
| pop5 = 95,316,131
| ref5 = WEB,weblink The World Factbook, 31 December 2017, no,weblink 2 May 2009, dmy-all,


| region6 = {{flag|Egypt}}
| pop6 = 87,336,965
| ref6 = WEB,weblink The World Factbook, 31 December 2017, no,weblink 11 June 2008, dmy-all,


| region7 = {{flag|Iran}}
| pop7 = 81,529,435
| ref7 = WEB,weblink The World Factbook, 31 December 2017, no,weblink 19 November 2012, dmy-all,


| region8 = {{flag|Turkey}}
| pop8 = 80,683,525
| ref8 = WEB,weblink The World Factbook, 31 December 2017, no,weblink 20 September 2017, dmy-all,
China}}
| pop9 = 50,000,000
| ref9 = WEB,weblink Refworld - 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - China (includes Tibet, Hong Kong, Macau), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Refworld, 14 February 2015, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20121017100901weblink">weblink 17 October 2012, dmy-all,


| region10 = {{flag|Algeria}}
| pop10 = 40,559,749
| ref10 = WEB,weblink The World Factbook, 14 February 2015, no,weblink 17 January 2010, dmy-all,


| region11 = {{flag|Iraq}}
| pop11 = 38,800,190
| ref11 = WEB,weblink The World Factbook, 14 February 2015, no,weblinkweblink 13 May 2009, dmy-all,


| region12 = {{flag|Ethiopia}}
| pop12 = 35,713,657
| ref12 = WEB,weblink The World Factbook, 14 February 2015, no,weblinkweblink 23 February 2011, dmy-all,


| region13 = {{flag|Afghanistan}}
| pop13 = 34,022,437
| ref13 = WEB,weblink The World Factbook, 14 February 2015, no,weblink 20 September 2017, dmy-all,


| region14 = {{flag|Morocco}}
| pop14 = 33,646,788
| ref14 = WEB,weblink The World Factbook, 14 February 2015, no,weblink 13 October 2012, dmy-all,


| region15 = {{flag|Sudan}}
| pop15 = 30,490,000
| ref15 =


| region16 = {{flag|Yemen}}
| pop16 = 27,784,498
| ref16 = WEB,weblink The World Factbook, 14 February 2015, no,weblinkweblink 23 February 2011, dmy-all,


| region17 = {{flag|Saudi Arabia}}
| pop17 = 27,143,182
| ref17 = WEB,weblink The World Factbook, 14 February 2015, no,weblinkweblink 22 May 2010, dmy-all,


| region18 = {{flag|Uzbekistan}}
| pop18 = 26,550,000
| ref18 =


| region19 = {{flag|Malaysia}}
| pop19 = 19,237,161
| ref19 = WEB,weblink The World Factbook, 14 February 2015, no,weblink 28 December 2010, dmy-all,


| region20 = {{flag|Syria}}
| pop20 = 18,930,000
| ref20 =


| region21 = Rest of the world
| pop21 = 287,230,000
| ref21 =
| languages = {{Plainlist|


}}
Sacred languages:JOURNAL, Al-Jallad, Ahmad, Polygenesis in the Arabic Dialects,weblink en, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160815234348weblink">weblink 15 August 2016, dmy-all, {{Hlist|Classical Arabic}}QuranNASRAUTHORLINK=SEYYED HOSSEIN NASRYEAR=2007ACCESSDATE=4 NOVEMBER 2007PUBLISHER=DEADURL=NOARCHIVEDATE=16 OCTOBER 2007, dmy-all, Sunni IslamMAPPING THE GLOBAL MUSLIM POPULATION: A REPORT ON THE SIZE AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE WORLD’S MUSLIM POPULATIONDATE=OCTOBER 2009ACCESSDATE=22 FEBRUARY 2017DEADURL=NOARCHIVEDATE=5 FEBRUARY 2017group=noteOriginal source estimated 87–90% of Muslims to adhere to Sunni Islam but counted almost all non-denominational Muslims as Sunni. To get a more accurate estimation, percentage of Non-denominational Muslims (15–20%) was subtracted from the original estimation}}10–13% Shia Islam15–20% Non-denominational IslamWEB,weblink Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation, 9 August 2012, The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity, Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project, 4 September 2013, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20161226113158weblink">weblink 26 December 2016, dmy-all, ~1% Ahmadiyya~1% Other Muslim traditions, e.g. Ibadi Islam
}}
{{Islam}}A Muslim () is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion. Muslims consider the Quran, their holy book, to be the verbatim word of God as revealed to the Islamic prophet and messenger Muhammad. The majority of Muslims also follow the teachings and practices of Muhammad (sunnah) as recorded in traditional accounts (hadith).BOOK, The Qurʼan and Sayings of Prophet Muhammad: Selections Annotated & Explained,weblink 31 August 2013, 2007, SkyLight Paths Publishing, 978-1-59473-222-5, 21–, "Muslim" is an Arabic word meaning "submitter" (to God).WEB, Muslim,weblink etymonline.com, no,weblink 7 September 2015, dmy-all, The beliefs of Muslims include: that God ( {{transl|ar|ALA|Allāh}}) is eternal, transcendent and absolutely one (tawhid); that God is incomparable, self-sustaining and neither begets nor was begotten; that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that has been revealed before through many prophets including Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Moses, and Jesus; that these previous messages and revelations have been partially changed or corrupted over time (tahrif) and that the Qur'an is the final unaltered revelation from God (Final Testament).Submission.org, Quran: The Final Testament, Authorized English Version with Arabic Text, Revised Edition IV,{{ISBN|0-9729209-2-7}}, p. x.

Qualifier

The religious practices of Muslims are enumerated in the Five Pillars of Islam: the declaration of faith (shahadah), daily prayers (salat), fasting during the month of Ramadan (sawm), almsgiving (zakat), and the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) at least once in a lifetime.To become a Muslim and to convert to Islam is essential to utter the Shahada, one of the Five Pillars of Islam, a declaration of faith and trust that professes that there is only one God (Allah) and that Muhammad is God's messenger.From the article on the Pillars of Islam in Oxford Islamic Studies Online {{webarchive|url=http://archive.wikiwix.com/cache/20170426134526weblink |date=26 April 2017 }} It is a set statement normally recited in Arabic: lā ʾilāha ʾillā-llāhu muḥammadun rasÅ«lu-llāh () "There is no god but Allah, (and) Muhammad is the messenger of God."BOOK,weblink Matthew S. Gordon and Martin Palmer, ''Islam'', Info base Publishing, 2009, 87, Books.Google.fr, 26 August 2012, In Sunni Islam, the shahada has two parts: la ilaha illa'llah (there is no god but God), and Muhammadun rasul Allah (Muhammad is the messenger of God),Lindsay, p. 140–141 which are sometimes referred to as the first shahada and the second shahada.Cornell, p. 9 The first statement of the shahada is also known as the tahlÄ«l.BOOK, Michael Anthony Sells, Approaching the Qur'an: The Early Revelations,weblink 1999, White Cloud Press, 151, In Shia Islam, the shahada also has a third part, a phrase concerning Ali, the first Shia Imam and the fourth Rashid caliph of Sunni Islam: ({{transl|ar|DIN|wa Ê¿alÄ«yyun walÄ«yyu-llāh}}), which translates to "Ali is the wali of God.The Later Mughals by William Irvine p. 130

Lexicology

{{see also|Islam#Etymology and meaning}}The word muslim (, {{IPA-ar|ˈmʊslɪm|IPA}}; {{IPAc-en|lang|ˈ|m|ʌ|z|l|ᵻ|m}}, {{IPAc-en|ˈ|m|ʊ|z|l|ᵻ|m}}, {{IPAc-en|ˈ|m|ʊ|s|l|ᵻ|m}} or moslem {{IPAc-en|ˈ|m|ɒ|z|l|ə|m}}, {{IPAc-en|ˈ|m|ɒ|s|l|ə|m}}) is the active participle of the same verb of which islām is a verbal noun, based on the triliteral S-L-M "to be whole, intact".Burns & Ralph, World Civilizations, 5th ed., p. 371.Entry for šlm, p. 2067, Appendix B: Semitic Roots, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed., Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2000, {{ISBN|0-618-08230-1}}. A female adherent is a muslima () (also transliterated as "Muslimah"Muslimah {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160817020605weblink |date=17 August 2016 }}. Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. 2016 ). The plural form in Arabic is muslimūn () or muslimīn (), and its feminine equivalent is muslimāt (). The Arabic form muslimun is the stem IV participle{{refn|group=note|name=participle|also known as "infinitive"}} of the triliteral S-L-M.The ordinary word in English is "Muslim". It is sometimes transliterated as "Moslem", which is an older spelling.{{citation needed|date=October 2016}} The word Mosalman (, alternatively Mussalman) is a common equivalent for Muslim used in Central and South Asia. Until at least the mid-1960s, many English-language writers used the term Mohammedans or Mahometans.See for instance the second edition of A Dictionary of Modern English Usage by H. W. Fowler, revised by Ernest Gowers (Oxford, 1965). Although such terms were not necessarily intended to be pejorative, Muslims argue that the terms are offensive because they allegedly imply that Muslims worship Muhammad rather than God.BOOK, Oxford University Press, Gibb, Sir Hamilton, Mohammedanism: an historical survey, 1969, 1, Modern Muslims dislike the terms Mohammedan and Mohammedanism, which seem to them to carry the implication of worship of Mohammed, as Christian and Christianity imply the worship of Christ., Other obsolete terms include MuslimiteOED, Muslimite, and Muslimist.BOOK, Abbas, Tahir, Muslim Britain: Communities Under Pressure, 2005, 50, Musulmán/Mosalmán () is a synonym for Muslim and is modified from Arabic. It is the origin of the Spanish word ', the (dated) German ', the French word musulman, the Polish words ' and ', the Portuguese word ', the Italian word ' or ', the Romanian word musulman and the Greek word (all used for a Muslim).Musalman {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070104031529weblink |date=4 January 2007 }} – Internet Encyclopedia of Religion In English it was sometimes spelled Mussulman''' and has become archaic in usage.Apart from Persian, Spanish, Polish, Portuguese, Italian, and Greek, the term could be found, with obvious local differences, in Armenian, Dari, Pashto, Urdu, Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Panjabi, Turkish, Kazakh, Uzbek, Kyrgyz, Azeri, Maltese, Hungarian, Czech, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian, Romanian, Dutch, and Sanskrit.

Meaning

The Muslim philosopher Ibn Arabi said:

Other prophets

The Qur'an describes many prophets and messengers within Judaism and Christianity, and their respective followers, as Muslim: Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Jacob, Moses, and Jesus and his apostles are all considered to be Muslims in the Qur'an. The Qur'an states that these men were Muslims because they submitted to God, preached His message and upheld His values, which included praying, charity, fasting and pilgrimage. Thus, in Surah 3:52 of the Qur'an, Jesus' disciples tell him, "We believe in God; and you be our witness that we are Muslims (wa-shahad be anna muslimūn)." In Muslim belief, before the Qur'an, God had given the Tawrat (Torah) to Moses, the Zabur (Psalms) to David and the Injil (Gospel) to Jesus, who are all considered important Muslim prophets.

Demographics

File:Muslim population map 2009.png|thumb|upright=2.5|A map of Muslim populations by numbers, (Pew Research CenterPew Research CenterFile:Islam percent population in each nation World Map Muslim data by Pew Research.svg|thumb|World Muslim population by percentage ({{as of|2010|alt=2010 data|lc=on}} from Pew Research CenterPew Research Center{{see also|List of countries by Muslim population}}The most populous Muslim-majority country is Indonesia, home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims, followed by Pakistan (11.0%), Bangladesh (9.2%), and Egypt (4.9%). About 20% of the world's Muslims lives in the Middle East and North Africa.BOOK, Oxford University Press, 978-0-19-515713-0, Esposito, John L., What everyone needs to know about Islam, 21, 15 October 2002, and BOOK, Rev. 3rd ed., updated with new epilogue., Oxford University Press, 978-0-19-518266-8, Esposito, John, Islam : the straight path, New York, 2, 43, 2005, Sizable minorities are also found in India, China, Russia, Ethiopia, the Americas, Australia and parts of Europe. The country with the highest proportion of self-described Muslims as a proportion of its total population is Morocco. Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world.Over 75–90% of Muslims are Sunni. The second and third largest sects, Shia and Ahmadiyya, make up 10–20%,WEB,weblink Religions, 25 August 2010, The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, Sunni Islam accounts for over 75% of the world's Muslim population... Shia Islam represents 10–20% of Muslims worldwide..., no,weblinkweblink 9 June 2011, dmy-all, and 1% respectively.With about 1.6 billion followers, almost a quarter of earth's population,WEB,weblink No God But God, Thomas W. Lippman, Islam is the youngest, the fastest growing, and in many ways the least complicated of the world's great monotheistic faiths. It is a unique religion based on its own holy book, but it is also a direct descendant of Judaism and Christianity, incorporating some of the teachings of those religions—modifying some and rejecting others., 7 April 2008, 25 August 2010, NEWS,weblink CNN, Nearly 1 in 4 people worldwide is Muslim, report says, 12 October 2009, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130115155718weblink">weblink 15 January 2013, dmy-all, Islam is the second-largest and the fastest-growing religion in the world.NEWS,weblink The fastest growing religion in the world is ..., Burke, Daniel, CNN, 6 May 2016, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160511135834weblink">weblink 11 May 2016, dmy-all, due primarily to the young age and high fertility rate of Muslims, with Muslim having a rate of (3.1) compared to the world average of (2.5). According to the same study, religious switching has no impact on Muslim population, since the number of people who embrace Islam and those who leave Islam are roughly equal.REPORT,weblink The Future of the Global Muslim Population, Pew Research Center, 27 January 2011, 10 March 2017, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160306170008weblink">weblink 6 March 2016, dmy-all, A Pew Center study in 2016 found that Muslims have the highest number of adherents under the age of 15 (or 34% of the total Muslim population) of any major religion, while only 7% are aged 60+ (the smallest percentage of any major religion). According to the same study, Muslims have the highest fertility rates (3.1) of any major religious group.WEB, 19 December 2016, Religion and Education Around the World,weblink Pew Research Center, 13 December 2016, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20161222152619weblink">weblink 22 December 2016, dmy-all, The study also found that Muslims have the lowest average levels of education after Hindus, with an average of 5.6 years of schooling. About 36% of all Muslims have no formal schooling, and Muslims have the lowest average levels of higher education of any major religious group, with only 8% having graduate and post-graduate degrees.

See also

Notes

{{Reflist|group=note}}

References

{{Reflist|30em|refs=WEB,weblink People of the Book, (Islam: Empire of Faith), PBS, 18 December 2010, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110628213312weblink">weblink 28 June 2011, dmy-all, See:
  • Accad (2003): According to Ibn Taymiyya, although only some Muslims accept the textual veracity of the entire Bible, most Muslims will grant the veracity of most of it.
  • Esposito (1998), pp.6,12
  • Esposito (2002b), pp.4–5
  • F. E. Peters (2003), p.9
  • ENCYCLOPEDIA, Muhammad, Encyclopaedia of Islam Online, F. Buhl, A. T. Welch,
  • ENCYCLOPEDIA, Tahrif, Encyclopaedia of Islam Online, Hava Lazarus-Yafeh,
WEB,weblink arkan ad-din the five pillars of religion, Washington State University, United States, Richard, Hooker, 14 July 1999, 17 November 2010,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101203124633weblink">weblink 3 December 2010, WEB,weblink Religions, 25 August 2010, The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, United States, 2010, no,weblinkweblink 9 June 2011, dmy-all, "Muslim" {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160220112121weblink |date=20 February 2016 }}. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary: {{IPAc-en|ˈ|m|ʌ|z|l|ᵻ|m}}, {{IPAc-en|ˈ|m|ʊ|z|l|ᵻ|m}}, {{IPAc-en|ˈ|m|ʊ|s|l|ᵻ|m}}; moslem {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110515200017weblink |date=15 May 2011 }} {{IPAc-en|ˈ|m|ɒ|z|l|ə|m}}, {{IPAc-en|ˈ|m|ɒ|s|l|ə|m}}WEB,weblink Shīʿite, Shīʿites have come to account for roughly one-tenth of the Muslim population worldwide., Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 August 2010, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100809124154weblink">weblink 9 August 2010, See:
  • Eastern Europe Russia and Central Asia "some 80% of the world's Muslims are Sunni"
  • Sue Hellett;U.S. should focus on sanctions against Iran {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120317195234weblink |date=17 March 2012 }} "Sunnis make up over 75 percent of the world's Muslim population"
  • Iran, Israel and the United States "Sunni, accounts for over 75% of the Islamic population"
  • WEB,weblink Sunnite, Encyclopædia Britannica, They numbered about 900 million in the late 20th century and constituted nine-tenths of all the adherents of Islām., 26 August 2010, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20100809124159weblink">weblink 9 August 2010, dmy-all,
  • BOOK, Islamic Beliefs, Practices, and Cultures, A common compromise figure ranks Sunnis at 90 percent., 2010, Marshall Cavendish, 0-7614-7926-0, 352,weblink 19 December 2011,
  • WEB,weblink Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population, 24 August 2010, Pew Research Center, Of the total Muslim population, 10–13% are Shia Muslims and 87–90% are Sunni Muslims., 7 October 2009,
  • NEWS,weblink Quick guide: Sunnis and Shias, BBC News, The great majority of Muslims are Sunnis – estimates suggest the figure is somewhere between 85% and 90%., 18 December 2011, 6 December 2011, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20111206173334weblink">weblink 6 December 2011, dmy-all,
  • WEB,weblink Sunni and Shia Islam, Library of Congress Country Studies, Sunni constitute 85 percent of the world's Muslims., 17 December 2011, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130216211306weblink">weblink 16 February 2013, dmy-all,
  • NEWS,weblink Tension between Sunnis, Shiites emerging in USA, USA Today, Among the world's estimated 1.4 billion Muslims, about 85% are Sunni and about 15% are Shiite., 18 December 2011, 24 September 2007, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20111210020455weblink">weblink 10 December 2011, dmy-all,
  • WEB,weblink Religions, 25 August 2010, The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, Sunni Islam accounts for over 75% of the world's Muslim population... Shia Islam represents 10–20% of Muslims worldwide..., no,weblinkweblink 9 June 2011, dmy-all,
  • Sunni Islam: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide "Sunni Islam is the dominant division of the global Muslim community, and throughout history it has made up a substantial majority (85 to 90 percent) of that community."
  • Inside Muslim minds "around 80% are Sunni"
  • Who Gets To Narrate the World "The Sunnis (approximately 80%)"
  • A world theology N. Ross Reat "80% being the Sunni"
  • Islam and the Ahmadiyya jama'at "The Sunni segment, accounting for at least 80% of the world's Muslim population"
  • A dictionary of modern politics "probably 80% of the world's Muslims are Sunni"
From Sunni Islam: See:
  • Eastern Europe Russia and Central Asia "some 80% of the world's Muslims are Sunni"
  • WEB,weblink Religions, The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Sunni Islam accounts for over 75% of the world's Muslim population, 8 December 2011, no,weblinkweblink 9 June 2011, dmy-all,
  • Sue Hellett;U.S. should focus on sanctions against Iran {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120317195234weblink |date=17 March 2012 }} "Sunnis make up over 75 percent of the world's Muslim population"
  • Iran, Israel and the United States "Sunni, accounts for over 75% of the Islamic population"
  • A dictionary of modern politics "probably 80% of the world's Muslims are Sunni"
  • WEB,weblink Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population, 24 August 2010, Pew Research Center, Of the total Muslim population, 10–13% are Shia Muslims and 87–90% are Sunni Muslims., 7 October 2009,
  • NEWS,weblink Quick guide: Sunnis and Shias, BBC News, The great majority of Muslims are Sunnis – estimates suggest the figure is somewhere between 85% and 90%., 18 December 2011, 6 December 2011, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20111124100835weblink">weblink 24 November 2011, dmy-all,
  • NEWS,weblink Tension between Sunnis, Shiites emerging in USA, USA Today, Among the world's estimated 1.4 billion Muslims, about 85% are Sunni and about 15% are Shiite., 18 December 2011, 24 September 2007, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20111210020455weblink">weblink 10 December 2011, dmy-all,
  • Sunni Islam: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide "Sunni Islam is the dominant division of the global Muslim community, and throughout history it has made up a substantial majority (85 to 90 percent) of that community."
See:
  • BOOK, Breach of Faith, Estimates of around 20 million would be appropriate, Human Rights Watch, 8,weblink 29 March 2014, June 2005,
  • BOOK,weblink Asian Religions in British Columbia, The community currently numbers around 15 million spread around the world, Larry DeVries, Don Baker, Dan Overmyer, yes, 29 March 2014, 978-0-7748-1662-5, University of Columbia Press,
  • BOOK,weblink Encyclopedia of Islam, The total size of the Ahmadiyya community in 2001 was estimated to be more than 10 million, Juan Eduardo Campo, 24, 29 March 2014, 0-8160-5454-1,
  • WEB,weblink Ahmadiyya Muslims, pbs.org, 6 October 2013, no,weblinkweblink 6 October 2013, dmy-all,
  • A figure of 10–20 million represents approximately 1% of the Muslim population. See also Ahmadiyya by country.
WEB,weblink Number of Muslim by country, nationmaster.com, 30 May 2007, no,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070703191735weblink">weblink 3 July 2007, dmy-all, }}

External links

{{wiktionary|مسلمان}}{{Wiktionary|Wikisaurus:Muslim}}{{Commons category|Muslims}} {{Characters and names in the Quran}}{{Authority control}}

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