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Mount Sinai

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Mount Sinai
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{{short description|Mountain in the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt}}{{about||the Biblical Mount Sinai, and a discussion of its possible locations|Biblical Mount Sinai|other uses|}}{{Redirect|Jabal Musa|other uses|Jebel Musa (disambiguation)}}







factoids
| photo = Mount Moses.jpg| photo_caption = The summit of Mount Sinai| photo_size = 500| elevation_m = 2,285| elevation_ref =South Sinai Governorate>Sinai, Asian part of Egypt| map = Egypt}}Mount Sinai (; , Har Sinai; ), also known as Mount Moses (), is a mountain in the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt that is a possible location of the biblical Mount Sinai, which is considered a holy site by the Abrahamic religions. Mount Sinai is mentioned many times in the Book of Exodus and other books of the Bible,Joseph J. Hobbs, Mount Sinai (University of Texas Press) 1995, discusses Mount Sinai as geography, history, ethnology and religion. and the Quran.WEB,weblink Tafsir Ibn Kathir, qtafsir.com, 2002-10-26, 2015-01-30, According to Jewish, Christian, and Islamic tradition, the biblical Mount Sinai was the place where Moses received the Ten Commandments.

Geography

Mount Sinai is a {{convert|2285|m|ft|adj=on}} moderately high mountain near the city of Saint Catherine in the Sinai region. It is next to Mount Catherine (at {{convert|2629|m|ft|abbr=on|disp=or}}, the highest peak in Egypt).WEB,weblink AllSinai.info, Sinai Geology, It is surrounded on all sides by higher peaks of the mountain range.

Geology

Mount Sinai's rocks were formed in the late stage of the Arabian-Nubian Shield's (ANS) evolution. Mount Sinai displays a ring complexHanaa M. Salem and A. A. ElFouly, "Minerals Reconnaissance at Saint Catherine Area, Southern Central Sinai, Egypt and their Environmental Impacts on Human Health". ICEHM2000, Cairo University, Egypt, September 2000, pp. 586–98 that consists of alkaline granites intruded into diverse rock types, including volcanics. The granites range in composition from syenogranite to alkali feldspar granite. The volcanic rocks are alkaline to peralkaline and they are represented by subaerial flows and eruptions and subvolcanic porphyry. Generally, the nature of the exposed rocks in Mount Sinai indicates that they originated from differing depths.{{citation needed|date=September 2018}}

Religious significance

Immediately north of the mountain is the 6th century Saint Catherine's Monastery. The summit has a mosque that is still used by Muslims, and a Greek Orthodox chapel, constructed in 1934 on the ruins of a 16th-century church, that is not open to the public. The chapel encloses the rock which is considered to be the source for the biblical Tablets of Stone.WEB,weblink Places of Peace and Power, Mount Sinai, Egypt, At the summit also is "Moses' cave", where Moses was said to have waited to receive the Ten Commandments.File:St Catherines From Sinai.JPG|Saint Catherine's Monastery, looking down from Mount SinaiFile:MasjidMountSinai.jpg|The mosque at the summitFile:Greek Orthodox Chapel at top of Mt Sinai.jpg|The chapel at the summit

Ascent and summit

There are two principal routes to the summit. The longer and shallower route, Siket El Bashait, takes about 2.5 hours on foot, though camels can be used. The steeper, more direct route (Siket Sayidna Musa) is up the 3,750 "steps of penitence" in the ravine behind the monastery.WEB,weblink AllSinai.info, Mount Sinai, File:MtSinaiJune2006.JPG|SunriseFile:جبل موسى.jpg|View from the summitFile:NearSinaiTop.JPG|The last few meters of the climb up the mountain{{Panorama|image=File:MtSinaiPano.jpg|fullwidth=9445|fullheight=1313|caption=A panoramic view from the summit of Mount Sinai|height=200}}

Historical gallery

File:Miner Kilbourne Kellogg - The Top of Mount Sinai with the Chapel of Elijah - 1991.2 - Smithsonian American Art Museum.jpg|by Miner Kilbourne Kellogg

See also

References

{{reflist|2}}

External links

{{Commons category|Mount Sinai}} {{Characters and names in the Quran}}{{Ark of the Covenant}}{{Egypt topics}}{{authority control}}

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