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Mount Nebo

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Mount Nebo
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factoids

|image = Mount Nebo BW 6.JPG
|alt =
|caption = Mount Nebo seen from the east
|map_type =Jordan
|map_alt =
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|location = Jordan
|region = Madaba Governorate
|coordinates = {{coord|31|46.0|N|35|43.5|E|region:JO_type:mountain|display=inline,title}}
|map = Jordan
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}}Mount Nebo (; ) is an elevated ridge of the Abarim in Jordan, approximately {{convert|710|m}} above sea level. It is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as the place where Moses was granted a view of the Promised Land. The view from the summit provides a panorama of the land and, to the north, a more limited one of the valley of the River Jordan. The West Bank city of Jericho is usually visible from the summit, as is Jerusalem on a very clear day.

Religious significance

According to the final chapter of the Book of Deuteronomy, Moses ascended Mount Nebo to view the Land of Canaan, which God had said he would not enter; he died in Moab.{{bibleverse|Deuteronomy||34:1-6|NKJV}}According to Christian tradition, Moses was buried on the mountain, although his place of burial is not specified ({{bibleverse|Deuteronomy||34:6}}). Some Islamic traditions also stated the same,Islamic sites in Jordan {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131110160822weblink |date=2013-11-10 }} although there is a grave of Moses located at Maqam El-Nabi Musa, {{convert|11|km|abbr=on}} south of Jericho and {{convert|20|km|abbr=on}} east of Jerusalem in the Judean wilderness.BOOK, Israël & the Palestinian Territories, Amelia Thomas, Michael Kohn, Miriam Raphael, Dan Savery Raz, 319,weblink 2010, 9781741044560, Lonely Planet, Scholars continue to dispute whether the mountain currently known as Nebo is the same as the mountain referred to in Deuteronomy.According to 2 Maccabees ({{bibleverse-nb|2 Maccabees|2:4–7}}), the prophet Jeremiah hid the tabernacle and the Ark of the Covenant in a cave there.On March 20, 2000, Pope John Paul II visited the site during his pilgrimage to the Holy Land.Pope speaks of 'inseparable' bond between Christians, Jews During his visit he planted an olive tree beside the Byzantine chapel as a symbol of peace.Piccirillo, Michele (2009). Mount Nebo (Studium Biblicum Franciscanum Guide Books, 2) p. 107. Pope Benedict XVI visited the site in 2009, gave a speech, and looked out from the top of the mountain in the direction of Jerusalemweblink serpentine cross sculpture (the Brazen Serpent Monument) atop Mount Nebo was created by Italian artist Giovanni Fantoni. It is symbolic of the bronze serpent created by Moses in the wilderness ({{bibleverse|Numbers||21:4–9}}) and the cross upon which Jesus was crucified ({{bibleverse|John||3:14}}).

Archaeology

Systematic exploration begun by Sylvester J. Saller O.F.M. were continued in 1933 by Jerome Mihaic of the Studium Biblicum Franciscanum. On the highest point of the mountain, Syagha,Also found as "Siyagha" the peak is (710 metres), while the south eastern peak "el-Mukhayyat" is 790 metres. Piccirillo, Michele (2009). Mount Nebo. p. 17. the remains of a Byzantine churchWEB, Complete compendium of Mount Nebo,weblink Madain Project, 2 April 2018, and monastery were discovered in 1933.Piccirillo, Michele (2009) Mount Nebo (Studium Biblicum Franciscanum Guide Books, 2) pp. 14–15. Extract from Sylvester Saller The Memorial of Moses on Mount Nebo Jerusalem 1941, pp. 15–18. The church was first constructed in the second half of the 4th century to commemorate the place of Moses' death. The church design follows a typical basilica pattern. It was enlarged in the late fifth century AD and rebuilt in AD 597. The church is first mentioned in an account of a pilgrimage made by a lady Aetheria in AD 394. Six tombs have been found hollowed from the natural rock beneath the mosaic-covered floor of the church. Bellarmino Bagatti worked on the site in 1935. Virgilio Canio Corbo later excavated the interior of the basilica. In 1963, he was put in charge of restoring the original pavements for exhibition."Mount Nebo Chronology", Madain Project In the modern chapel presbytery, built to protect the site and provide worship space, remnants of mosaic floors from different periods can be seen. The earliest of these is a panel with a braided cross presently placed on the east end of the south wall.The Moses Memorial that houses the Byzantine mosaics was closed for renovation from 2007 to 2016. It reopened on 15 October 2016.WEB, Moses Memorial Church,weblink Madain Project, 2 April 2018,weblink

Gallery

Image:Mount Nebo-Siyagha, Jordan (2009).jpg|Stone at the entrance of the mount. Image:Memorial of Moses Stone.jpg|Stone marking the entrance to historic Mount NeboImage:Mount Nebo Distances.jpg|Plaque showing the distance from Mount Nebo to various locations Image:Couple in Front of Church.jpg|Structure protecting excavated remains of a churchImage:Mt Nebo Mosaic.jpg|Ornate floor mosaics Image:MtNeboBaptismal.jpg| Baptismal Font Image:Prosphora_Nebo.jpg| Mosaic inscription inside (Offering of Caesarion, at the time of Alexios and Theophilos priests)Image:The Brazen Serpent, Mount Nebo.jpg|The Brazen Serpent, Mount Nebo.Image:BrazenSerpent.JPG|Detail of Brazen Serpent statueImage:Mosaic_at_MountNebo.jpg|Mosaic at the Basilica of MosesImage:Nebo02(js).jpg|Nebo MountainImage:Nebo04(js).jpg|Nebo MountainImage:Nebo05(js).jpg|Mosaics, Nebo MountainImage:Nebo07(js).jpg|Mosaics, Nebo MountainImage:Nebo10(js).jpg|Mosaics, Nebo MountainImage:Nebo09(js).jpg|Mosaics, Nebo Mountain

See also

References

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Further reading

External links

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