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Mk 19 grenade launcher

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Mk 19 grenade launcher
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factoids
name Mk 19 grenade launcher|image= MK19-02.jpg|image_size = 300|caption= A Mk 19 40 mm grenade launcher mounted on an M3 tripod|origin= United States



Automatic firearm>Automatic grenade launcher|is_ranged=yes|is_explosive=yes|service=1968–present#Users>Users
    NEWS,weblink Özel birlikler Kato'yu PKK'ya dar etti (Special troops deny the Kato [Mountain] to the PKK), Milliyet, 2012-09-11, 2012-11-24,
  • Mexican Drug War
  • 2013 Lahad Datu standoff
  • Syrian Civil WarWEB,weblink CHIẾN Sá»° MOSUL. ĐỈNH ĐIỂM KHỐC LIỆT 02 2017, Kênh Tổng Hợp, 27 February 2017, YouTube, WEB,weblink SDF Preparing 'Security Forces' To Keep Control Over Raqqa, 25 May 2017, southfront.org, 26 May 2017,weblink 28 July 2017, no,
  • Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)
  • Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen
  • }}|designer= Naval Ordnance Station Louisville|design_date= 1966
    General Dynamics>General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems), Combined Service Forces, MKEKHTTP://WWW.MKEK.GOV.TR/TR/URUNLER.ASPX?URETIMYERIID=0&URUNID=301&ANAKATEGORI=107&ALTKATEGORI=122&ENALTKATEGORI=>TITLE=MKEK - MAKINA VE KIMYA ENDüSTRISI KURUMUACCESSDATE=4 NOVEMBER 2016ARCHIVE-DATE=6 MARCH 2016, yes, PUBLISHER=STRATEGYPAGE.COM ACCESSDATE=2012-11-24 ARCHIVE-DATE=2012-10-12, no, |production_date= 1968–present|number=|variants= Mk 19 Mod 0, Mk 19 Mod 1, Mk 19 Mod 2, Mk 19 Mod 3, Mk 19 Mod 4|spec_label=77.6|lb}} (empty, without accessories)43.1|in}}16.25|in}}240.4order=flip}}199order=flip}}|diameter=|crew=40mm grenade>40×53 mm|caliber=|barrels=Advanced Primer Ignition>Blowback (Advanced primer ignition)|rate= 40 rpm (sustained)60 rpm (rapid)360–390 rpm (cyclic)230-240order=flip}} (average)1500yd|abbr=on}}2212yd|abbr=on}}|feed= 32- or 48-grenade belt|sights=}}The Mk 19 grenade launcher (pronounced Mark 19) is an American 40 mm belt-fed automatic grenade launcher that was first developed during the Vietnam War. The first model (Mod 0) in 1966 was determined to be unreliable and unsafe, but a total of six Mod 1 launchers were successfully tested on U.S. Navy riverine patrol craft in the Mekong Delta in 1972. The Navy made further improvements to the weapon, resulting in the Mod 3 in 1976. The Mod 3 was adopted by the U.S. Army in 1983 and remains in service to the present day.WEB,weblink Field Manual 3-22.27 (FM 23.27) MK 19, 40-mm GRENADE MACHINE GUN, MOD 3, Department of the Army, November 2003, 2015-06-05,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160304055631weblink">weblink 2016-03-04, yes, BOOK, Tucker, Spencer C., The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History [4 volumes]: A Political, Social, and Military History,weblink 20 May 2011, ABC-CLIO, 978-1-85109-961-0, 431, 3 November 2016,weblink 17 May 2016, no,

    Overview

    (File:Richard Castanet fires Mark-19 in Quantico September 2000.png|thumb|left|A U.S. Marine fires a Mk 19 40 mm grenade launcher in Quantico, Virginia in September 2000.)The Mk 19 is a belt-fed, blowback-operated, air-cooled, crew-served, fully automatic weapon that is designed not to cook off. It fires 40 mm grenades at a cyclic rate of 325 to 375 rounds per minute, giving a practical rate of fire of 60 rounds per minute (rapid) and 40 rounds per minute (sustained). The weapon operates on the blowback principle, which uses the chamber pressure from each fired round to load and re-cock the weapon. The Mk 19 can launch its grenade at a maximum distance of {{convert|2,212|m|yd|sp=us}}, though its effective range to a point target is about {{convert|1,500|m|yd|sp=us}}, since the large rear leaf sight is only graduated as far. The nearest safe distance to launch the grenade is 310 meters in training and 75 meters in combat. Though the Mk 19 has a flash suppressor, it serves only to save the eyesight of its operator, not concealing the weapon's position. For night operation, a picatinny rail quadrant sight can be added for thermal and night vision optics.The Mk 19A is a man-portable crew-served weapon that can fire from a tripod-mounted position or from a vehicle mount, with the latter being the preferred method, as the weapon alone weighs {{convert|77.6|lb|kg}}. The primary ammunition for it is the high-explosive dual-purpose M430 grenade. On impact, the grenade can kill anyone within a radius of five meters, and wound them within a radius of 15 meters. It can also punch through {{convert|2|in|cm}} of rolled homogeneous armor with a direct hit (0-degree obliquity), which means it can penetrate most infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel carriers. It is especially effective when used against enemy infantry formations. The ammunition comes in cans that hold a 32- or 48-grenade belt weighing {{convert|42|and|60|lb|kg}}, respectively. Due to its low recoil and comparatively light weight, it has been adapted for use on many different platforms, including small attack boats, fast attack vehicles such as the Humvee (HMMWV), AAV and Stryker, military jeeps, and a large variety of naval mounts.The Mk 19 automatic grenade launcher replaced the earlier Mk 18 hand-cranked multiple grenade launcher. The 40 mm ammunition used (40×53 mm) is not interchangeable with that used in the M203 (40×46 mm). The M203 ammunition develops a lower chamber pressure, and resultant lower muzzle velocity and range, compared to ammunition loaded for the Mk 19. The Mk 19 fires from an open bolt. The rounds are mechanically fed onto the bolt face with the pull of the charging handles. When the trigger is pressed, the bolt closes, and the firing pin is released. The recoil blows back the bolt, feeds a new round onto the bolt face, which pushes the expended casing off the bolt face.Production of the Mk 19 is managed by Saco Defense Industries (now a division of General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems).In November 2014, General Dynamics entered into an agreement with Advanced Material Engineering Pte Ltd, a subsidiary of Singapore Technologies Kinetics, to manufacture 40 mm high-velocity airburst ammunition for the U.S. military. The 40 mm airburst grenade uses a programmable, time-based fuse that computes and programs the detonation time into it, which counts down once fired to zero to detonate at the intended target point. The airburst ammunition is compatible with the Mk 19, which would give it greater effectiveness and lethality, particularly against concealed and defilade targets.General Dynamics to manufacture ST Kinetics' 40mm High Velocity Air Burst Ammunition {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20141123084840weblink |date=2014-11-23 }} - Armyrecognition.com, 20 November 2014The U.S. Army plans to introduce several new features to the Mk 19 in an upgrade package that could be introduced by late 2017. Initiatives include: increased muzzle velocity through a less resistant barrel; increased cyclic rate from an improved profile for the vertical cam to reduce the force needed to charge the weapon; enhancing reliability with a redesigned round-positioning block to decrease the chance of misfires; increased durability and shortened re-assembly time after maintenance from a new cocking cam and lever; and an updated mechanical sight utilizing up-to-date ammunition ballistic data to aid accuracy.Army building a better grenade machine gun, Army Times, 2 July 2016

    Users

    GDOTS has built nearly 35,000 Mk 19 Mod 3 systems for roughly 30 customers since 1984. {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110707174856weblink |date=July 7, 2011 }} Users of the Mk 19 include:
    • {{flag|Argentina}}: Argentine Marines.WEB,weblink Armada Argentina - official site, Estado Mayor General de la Armada, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20071012033447weblink">weblink 2007-10-12,
    • {{flag|Australia}}Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). {{ISBN|978-0-7106-2869-5}}.
    • {{flag|Morocco}}:Moroccan Army.WEB,weblink EDA - Morocco, Defense Security Cooperation Agency, 2017-05-28,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170521023349weblink">weblink 2017-05-21, no,
    • {{flag|Bangladesh}}WEB,weblink Bangladesh Navy Special Warfare Diving And Salvage (SWADS), Bdmilitary.com, 2012-11-24,
    • {{flag|Brazil}}: Used by the Brazilian Marine Corps.WEB,weblink Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais adquire 23 novos CLAnfs - Noticias Infodefensa América, 2 April 2014, infodefensa.com, 4 November 2016,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20161008194329weblink">weblink 8 October 2016, no,
    • {{flag|Croatia}}: MATAV armored vehicles armed with Mk 19 grenade launcher, first seen in public at recent Croatian Army Parade. Initially Croatia purchased 32 weapons and kits, the number has since gone upweblink{{dead link|date=February 2018 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2015-08-10,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150925130734weblink">weblink 2015-09-25, no, WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2015-08-10,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150925130301weblink">weblink 2015-09-25, no,
    • {{flag|Egypt}}: Manufactured locally by Helwan.WEB,weblink A new generation of AGLs, Thefreelibrary.com, 2002-04-01, 2012-11-24,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20110430050116weblink">weblink 2011-04-30, no, WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2018-09-30,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20180123072923weblink">weblink 2018-01-23, no,
    • {{flag|Greece}}WEB,weblink Greece Land Forces, Armyrecognition.com, 2012-11-24,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20121006094345weblink">weblink 2012-10-06, no,
    • {{flag|Honduras}}Seeweblink
    • {{flag|Iran}}WEB,weblink Great Prophet 5 Maneuvers (5), uskowioniran.com, 4 November 2016,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170202002057weblink">weblink 2 February 2017, no,
    • {{flag|Iraq}}: Used by Iraqi special forces on Humvees.WEB, ISOF Arms & Equipment Part 4 – Grenade Launchers & Anti-Armour Weapons,weblink Miles, Vining, June 19, 2018, armamentresearch.com, July 31, 2018,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20180728192622weblink">weblink July 28, 2018, no,
    • {{flag|Israel}}: Adopted by the Israeli Defence Forces (under the name "Maklar", for mikla rimonim or "grenade machinegun"), to be fielded in infantry and mechanized units. The Mk 19 was formerly manufactured locally.
    • {{flag|Italy}}
    • {{flag|Lebanon}}WEB,weblink Gates, Lebanese Defense Minister Explore Expanding Bilateral Relationship, Miles, Donna, April 8, 2009, American Forces Press Service - DefenseLink News, 2009-04-08,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20090411030408weblink">weblink April 11, 2009, no,
    • {{flag|Malaysia}}
    • {{flag|Mexico}}: Used extensively by the Mexican Army in the Mexican drug war.
    • {{flag|Pakistan}}: Used by the Pakistan Army.WEB, Pakistan Army,weblink 2013-02-25,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20130513205333weblink">weblink 2013-05-13, no,
    • {{flag|Poland}}WEB,weblink Archived copy, 2014-03-25, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20101111002310weblink">weblink 2010-11-11,
    • {{flag|Saudi Arabia}}WEB,weblink U.S. Army Weapons Systems 2013-2014, Army, 24 January 2012, Skyhorse Publishing, Inc., 17 March 2018, Google Books,weblink 18 March 2018, no,
    • {{flag|Spain}}
    • {{flag|Sweden}}: Designated Grsp 92. Used by Kustjägarna and AmfibiebataljonenWEB, Janq Designs,weblink Special Operations.Com, Special Operations.Com, 2012-11-24, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120531143635weblink">weblink 2012-05-31, and also by the 31st Airborne BattalionWEB,weblink Soldf.com, Granatspruta 40mm Grsp, Henrik, Svensk, 2012-11-24, Swedish,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120624055440weblink">weblink 2012-06-24, no,
    • {{flag|Taiwan}}WEB,weblink Report: Profiling the Small Arms Industry - World Policy Institute - Research Project, November 2000, World Policy Institute, 2010-07-15,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20171011093831weblink">weblink 2017-10-11, yes,
    • {{flag|Thailand}}: Used by Royal Thai Marines (Mounted on AAV-7A1).{{Citation needed|date=April 2014}}
    • {{flag|Turkey}}: Produced under licence by MKEK. Used by Turkish Land Forces.WEB,weblinkweblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120912091640weblink">weblink 2012-09-12, Bu Silah Kato'yu PKK'ya Dar Etti, anahaberyorum.com, 5 November 2016,
    • {{flag|United States}}: Currently in widespread use throughout the U.S. Armed Forces.
    US Navy 030317-D-3645W-057 U.S. Navy reservists assigned to Naval Construction Force Support Unit Three and Naval Mobile Construction Battalion Twenty Four (NMCB-24) fire the MK-19 40mm grenade launcher during MIL-EX 2003.jpg|U.S. Navy sailors fire a Mk 19 40 mm grenade launcher during a training exercise in March 2003.Granatnik Mk. 19 Wojsko Polskie.jpg|Mk 19 in use by Polish Land ForcesMexican troops operating at a random checkpoint 2009.jpg|A Mexican Army Chevrolet Silverado equipped with a Mk 19 at a military checkpoint in March 2009

    See also

    References

    {{Reflist|30em}}

    External links

    {{Commons|Mk 19|Mk 19 grenade launcher}} {{Browning M1917 derivatives}}{{ModernUSInfWeaponsNav}}{{USAF Weapons}}


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