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Midtown Manhattan
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{{Use American English|date = September 2019}}{{Use mdy dates|date=November 2017}}{{Short description|central business district in New York City}}







factoids
frame=yframe-align=centerframe-long=-73.986type=linestroke-width=1|id=Q11249,Q11259,Q109982,Q1274032,Q1107182,Q1321501,Q1427377,Q1494337,Q20657331,Q55848411}}|mapsize =|map_caption = Location in New York City|image_map1 = 42nd Street in New York.jpg|mapsize1 = 300px42nd Street (Manhattan)>42nd Street, in the Broadway Theatre District|pushpin_map =|pushpin_label_position =|pushpin_map_caption =|pushpin_mapsize =List of sovereign states>CountryUnited States}}U.S. state>StateNew York}}| subdivision_type2 = CityFlag of New York City.svg}} New York CityBorough (New York City)>BoroughFlag of Manhattan.png}} ManhattanCommunity boards of Manhattan>Community DistrictManhattan Community Board 5>Manhattan 5NYC PLANNING {{!, Community Profiles>url=https://communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov/manhattan/5publisher=New York City Department of City Planning|accessdate=March 18, 2019}}|unit_pref = Imperial|area_footnotes =|area_total_sq_mi = 2.2542010 United States Census>2010|population_footnotes =|population_total = 104,753|population_note = |population_density_km2 = auto| demographics_type1 = Ethnicity| demographics1_footnotes = | demographics1_title1 = White| demographics1_info1 = 64.1| demographics1_title2 = Asian| demographics1_info2 = 20.8| demographics1_title3 = Hispanic| demographics1_info3 = 8.1| demographics1_title4 = Black| demographics1_info4 = 4.6| demographics1_title5 = Others| demographics1_info5 = 2.4| demographics_type2 = EconomicsACCESSDATE=MARCH 18, 2019, | demographics2_title1 = Median income| demographics2_info1 = $120,854Eastern Time Zone>Eastern| utc_offset1 = −05:00Eastern Time Zone>EDT| utc_offset1_DST = −04:00| postal_code_type = ZIP Codes#Post offices and ZIP codes>several smaller zip codesTelephone numbering plan>Area codeArea codes 212, 646, and 332>212, 332, 646, and 917}}Midtown Manhattan is the central portion of the borough of Manhattan in New York City. Midtown is home to some of the city's most iconic buildings, including the Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building, the Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project, the headquarters of the United Nations, Grand Central Terminal, and Rockefeller Center, as well as Broadway and Times Square.Midtown Manhattan is the largest central business district in the world and ranks among the most expensive pieces of real estate; Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan commands the world's highest retail rents, with average annual rents at US{{convert|3,000|$/ft2|$/m2}} in 2017.NEWS,weblink A plea for Fifth Avenue, Janette Sadik-Khan, The New York Times, January 9, 2017, January 9, 2017, However, due to the high price of retail spaces in Midtown, there are also many vacant storefronts in the neighborhood.WEB, Kilgannon, Corey, Heisler, Todd, The Empty Storefronts of New York: A Panoramic View, The New York Times, September 6, 2018,weblink February 11, 2019, Midtown is the country's largest commercial, entertainment, and media center, and also a growing financial center.The majority of New York City's skyscrapers, including its tallest hotels and apartment towers, are in Midtown. The area hosts commuters and residents working in its offices, hotels, and retail establishments, tourists and students. Times Square, the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District,NEWS, Remnick, Noah, Schlossberg, Tatiana,weblink New York Today: Transforming Times Square, The New York Times, August 24, 2015, January 10, 2017, WEB,weblink Times Square – The Official Site of Times Square, Times Square District Management Association, Inc, January 10, 2017, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170118141807weblink">weblink January 18, 2017, WEB,weblink Times Square, Encyclopædia Britannica, January 10, 2017, WEB, Pramis, Joshua,weblink World's Most-Visited Tourist Attractions No. 1: Times Square, New York City, American Express Publishing Corporation, October 2011, January 10, 2017, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20150201080931weblink">weblink February 1, 2015, WEB,weblink The Most Jivin' Streetscapes in the World, Luigi Di Serio, 2010, January 10, 2017, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140921173328weblink">weblink September 21, 2014, is a major center of the world's entertainment industry.WEB,weblink New York Architecture Images- Midtown Times Square, 2011 nyc-architecture, January 10, 2017, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170125164419weblink">weblink January 25, 2017, Sixth Avenue also has the headquarters of three of the four major U.S. television networks.Midtown is part of Manhattan Community District 5. It is patrolled by the 14th and 18th Precincts of the New York City Police Department.

Location

Geographically, the northern bound of Midtown Manhattan is commonly defined to be 59th Street; its southern boundary is less clear, and variously taken to be 34th Street, 23rd Street, or even 14th Street. Midtown spans the entire island of Manhattan along an east-west axis, bounded by the East River on its east and the Hudson River to its west. The Encyclopedia of New York City defines Midtown as extending from 34th Street to 59th Street and from 3rd Avenue to 8th Avenue.Sclar, Elliot. "midtown" in ENCNYC, , p. 839

Neighborhoods

{{Details|List of Manhattan neighborhoods}}File:Madison Square Garden, 2005.jpg|right|upright=1.15|thumb|Madison Square GardenMadison Square GardenFile:1 times square night 2013.jpg|thumb|upright=1.15|Times Square (2013), one of the world's busiest pedestrianpedestrian{{Multiple image|width=125|align=right|direction=horizontalcaption1=30 Rockefeller Plaza (former GE Building) at Rockefeller Centercaption2=Skyscrapers line Sixth Avenue in the heart of Midtown}}File:koreatown manhattan 2009.JPG|right|upright=1.15|thumb|"Korea Way" on 32nd Street in Manhattan's Koreatown (맨해튼 코리아타운) ]]File:67º Período de Sesiones de la Asamblea General de Naciones Unidas (8020913157).jpg|right|upright=1.15|thumb|The United Nations Secretariat building at the United Nations HeadquartersUnited Nations HeadquartersFile:Macy's Department store Herald Square (8403806690).jpg|upright=1.15|thumb|Herald Square, with Macy's ]]In addition to its central business district, Midtown Manhattan encompasses many neighborhoods, including Hell's Kitchen and Chelsea on the West Side, and Murray Hill, Kips Bay, Turtle Bay, and Gramercy Park on the East Side. It is sometimes broken into "Midtown East" and "Midtown West", or north and south as in the New York City Police Department's Midtown North and Midtown South precincts.Neighborhoods in the Midtown area include the following: Midtown is the original district in the United States to bear the name and included historical but now defunct neighborhoods such as the Ladies' Mile, along Fifth Avenue from 14th to 23rd Street; and the Tenderloin, from 23rd to 42nd Street and from Fifth Avenue to Seventh Avenue.

Landmarks

{{div col|colwidth=14em}} {{div col end}}

Avenues

{{div col|colwidth=12em}} {{div col end}}Important streets and thoroughfares

Differing demarcations of Midtown Manhattan

The border of Midtown Manhattan is nebulous and further confused by the fact that the term "Midtown Manhattan" can be used to refer either to a district or a group of neighborhoods and districts in Manhattan:
  • The area between 14th and 86th Streets includes roughly the center of Manhattan; however, the term Midtown Manhattan can also apply to the area between 31st Street and 59th Streets, although there are still office buildings south of 31st Street.
  • Manhattan Community District 5 is located from 14th to 59th Streets, generally between Lexington Avenue and Eighth Avenue. Community District 5 is largely coterminous with Midtown but also includes the Flatiron District, NoMad, Union Square, and parts of Gramercy Park and Rose Hill.
  • Midtown proper (within the boundaries of Manhattan Community District 5, and excluding overlapping neighborhoods) is located from 34th to 59th Streets between Third Avenue and Eighth Avenue.
  • The "Plaza District", a term used by Manhattan real estate professionals to denote the most expensive area of midtown from a commercial real estate perspective, lies between 42nd Street and 59th Street, from Third Avenue to Seventh Avenue, about a square kilometer or half a square mile.
  • "Midtown South" can refer to the part of Midtown between 23rd Street and around 42nd Street (although its northern boundary is defined differently depending on the source).
  • "Midtown West" can refer to the area between 34th and 59th Streets, and between 5th and 12th Avenues.
  • "Midtown East" can refer to the area between 42nd and 59th Streets, and between 5th Avenue and the East River.
  • In 1982, the City of New York identified the "Manhattan Core" as the area that includes some of the City’s most populous neighborhoods, major institutions, parks and transit hubs, and the City’s primary Central Business District (CBD), defined as Manhattan below 60th Street.WEB,weblink Manhattan core public parking study, 13 September 2018, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20160304110540weblink">weblink 4 March 2016, The "Manhattan Core" includes some areas slightly further north of 86th Street in Manhattan, as well as the area below 14th Street; however, this definition is problematic because it ignores the fact that Manhattan has not one but two zones in which people do business within this area separated by a wide swath of low-rise (by New York City standards) residential development — there is Midtown (which is in Midtown Manhattan), and the Financial District, (also known simply as "Downtown" because of its location in Downtown Manhattan). In other sources, these districts are referred to as separate central business districts. {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130508231043weblink |date=May 8, 2013 }}
{{Clear}}

Cityscape

File:Manhattan Skyline night.jpg|thumb|center|upright=3.65|The skyline of Midtown Manhattan, looking Downtown (south) toward Lower ManhattanLower Manhattan

Economy

Midtown Manhattan, along with Lower Manhattan, is one of the world's leading financial centers.

Corporate headquarters

Midtown Manhattan is the world's largest central business district, with 400 million square feet (37.2 million m2) of office space in 2018.WEB,weblink Q3 2018 U.S. Office Market Outlook - Download research report, Colliers International, December 6, 2018, April 13, 2019, Midtown contains the headquarters of major companies, including 4Kids Entertainment (formerly),"Contact {{webarchive|url=https://archive.is/20120720091949weblink |date=July 20, 2012 }}." 4Kids Entertainment. Retrieved on October 13, 2009. Barnes & Noble,"National Sponsorships and Donations." Barnes & Noble. Retrieved on January 29, 2010. Bloomberg L.P.,"Dreier’s Luxe Life Revealed in $10 Million Auction." Retrieved on May 22, 2011 Ernst & Young,"5 Times Square – Ernst & Young National Headquarters", Wired New York. Retrieved July 13, 2013 Calvin Klein,"Corporate." Calvin Klein. Retrieved on January 26, 2010. Cantor Fitzgerald,"Locations." Cantor Fitzgerald. Retrieved on October 4, 2009. CBS Corporation,"Contact Info {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20091129233955weblink |date=November 29, 2009 }}." CBS Corporation. Retrieved on November 3, 2009. Citigroup,"Citi – United States." Retrieved on May 22, 2011 Colgate-Palmolive,"Legal/Privacy {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160206182502weblink |date=February 6, 2016 }}." Colgate-Palmolive. Retrieved on June 26, 2010. Cushman & Wakefield,"Global locations." Cushman & Wakefield. Retrieved on November 12, 2009. DC Comics,"More Privacy Information." DC Comics. Retrieved on August 28, 2009. Deloitte,"Contact Us." Deloitte. Retrieved on December 7, 2009. Duane Reade,"address.gif {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20101208224428weblink |date=December 8, 2010 }}." Duane Reade. Retrieved on December 22, 2010. "Duane Reade Inc. 440 Ninth Ave New York, NY 10001." Estée Lauder Companies,"Corporate Information {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100223072246weblink |date=February 23, 2010 }}." Estée Lauder Companies. Retrieved on February 29, 2010. Foot Locker,"Foot Locker, Inc." Foot Locker. Retrieved on January 22, 2010. Frederator Studios,"About." Frederator Studios. Retrieved on April 9, 2010. JPMorgan Chase,"Contact Us {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110615055542weblink |date=June 15, 2011 }}." Retrieved on May 22, 2011 Hess Corporation,"Contact Hess." Hess Corporation. Retrieved on February 9, 2009. Kroll Inc.,"Office Locations {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110810015803weblink |date=August 10, 2011 }}." Kroll Inc. Retrieved on August 14, 2011. "Kroll Corporate Headquarters 600 Third Avenue New York, New York 10016 United States" L-3 Communications,"Company Profile {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110624110727weblink |date=June 24, 2011 }}." L-3 Communications. Retrieved on March 10, 2010. Marsh & McLennan Companies,"Contact Us." Marsh & McLennan Companies. Retrieved on October 4, 2009. Marvel Entertainment,"Company and Contact Info {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090905180718weblink |date=September 5, 2009 }}." Marvel Entertainment. Retrieved on August 28, 2009. MetLife,Ramirez, Anthony. "MetLife Sells 2nd Building, A Landmark On Park Ave." The New York Times. April 2, 2005. Retrieved on August 25, 2009. MidOcean Partners,"Contact." MidOcean Partners. Retrieved on March 5, 2010. Morgan Stanley,"Contact Us." Morgan Stanley. Retrieved on August 28, 2009. NBC Universal,"NBC Universal to sell Burbank, Calif, studio." MarketWatch. Retrieved on August 28, 2009. The New York Times Company,"Contact Us." The New York Times Company. Retrieved on August 28, 2009. NexCen Brands,"NexCen Homepage." NexCen Brands. Retrieved on February 26, 2010. Pfizer,"Contact Us." Pfizer. Retrieved on April 3, 2010. Polo Ralph Lauren,"Contact Us." Ralph Lauren Investor Relations. Retrieved on January 27, 2010. Saks Incorporated (Saks Fifth Avenue),"Corporate Addresses." Saks Incorporated. Retrieved on March 1, 2010. The Sharper Image,"About Us." The Sharper Image. Retrieved on February 18, 2010. Simon & Schuster, Six Flags,"Contact Us {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100920182924weblink |date=September 20, 2010 }}." Six Flags. Retrieved on May 6, 2009. TBWA Worldwide,"Contact Us {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100722100210weblink |date=July 22, 2010 }}." TBWA Worldwide. Retrieved on July 8, 2010. "488 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10022 United States" Thomson Reuters,"About Us." Thomson Reuters. Retrieved on August 28, 2009. Time Warner,"AOL Time Warner's Future Home Is Damaged by Fire; The morning blaze at the building under construction in New York spread to parts of four floors. The cause is under investigation." Los Angeles Times''. April 9, 2003. Business C3. Retrieved on August 28, 2009. Time Warner Cable,"Investor Relations Contact Us {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100401131256weblink |date=April 1, 2010 }}." Time Warner Cable. Retrieved on March 6, 2010. The Travelers Companies, Univision Communications,"Contact." Univision. Retrieved on August 28, 2011. "605 Third Avenue, 12th Floor New York, NY 10158" and Viacom.Contact, Viacom. Retrieved on August 28, 2009.{{dead link|date=January 2019}} The New York Institute of Finance is located in Midtown Manhattan."Contact Us." New York Institute of Finance. Retrieved on October 4, 2009.

Foreign subsidiary operations

Haier operates its United States offices in the Haier Building at 1356 Broadway; the building used to be a building of the Greenwich Savings Bank. Haier held the opening ceremony on March 4, 2002."Haier Building." Haier. Retrieved on January 26, 2009. Sumitomo Corporation operates its New York Office, the headquarters of the corporation's United States operations, at 600 Third Avenue, 10016 in the Murray Hill neighborhood."Office Network {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090201085408weblink |date=February 1, 2009 }}." Sumitomo Corporation. Retrieved on January 25, 2009. El Al's North American headquarters are in Midtown."Worldwide Offices USA." El Al. Retrieved on September 29, 2009. The Air France USA regional headquarters are in 125 West 55th Street in Midtown Manhattan."Air France in the United States {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110106212003weblink |date=January 6, 2011 }}." Air France. June 11, 2007. 15 (15/16). Retrieved on February 13, 2010. "The Air France “United States” regional management is located in New York: 125 West 55th Street, New York, NY 10019 Tel: (212) 830–4000.""Welcome to Air France career opportunities." Air France USA. Retrieved on February 13, 2010. Hachette Book Group USA has its headquarters in 237 Park Avenue."FAQs {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110411182307weblink |date=April 11, 2011 }}." Machette Book Group. Retrieved on April 17, 2011. "Hachette Book GroupMarketing Department 237 Park Avenue New York, NY 10017" In 1994 Alitalia considered moving its USA headquarters from Midtown to Lower Manhattan, but decided to keep the offices where they were at the last minute."Alitalia stays in Midtown through creative deal." Real Estate Weekly. December 14, 1994. Retrieved on June 15, 2010. Global Infrastructure Partners has an office in Midtown Manhattan."Contact Us {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100218114239weblink |date=February 18, 2010 }}." Global Infrastructure Partners. Retrieved on February 27, 2010.

Tech and biotech

Silicon Alley, the common metonym for New York City's high tech sector, is based in Midtown South, specifically the Flatiron District. Prominent Silicon Alley companies in Midtown include AppNexus, Blue Apron, Gilt, Betterment, Oscar, SoFi, Rent the Runway, Warby Parker, and WeWork. The technology sector has been expanding across Midtown Manhattan since 2010.NEWS,weblink Even Without Amazon, Tech Could Keep Gaining Ground in New York, Ben Casselman, Keith Collins, and Karl Russell, The New York Times, February 15, 2019, February 16, 2019, The biotechnology sector is also growing in Midtown Manhattan based upon the city's strength in academic scientific research and public and commercial financial support. By mid-2014, Accelerator, a biotech investment firm, had raised more than US$30 million from investors, including Eli Lilly and Company, Pfizer, and Johnson & Johnson, for initial funding to create biotechnology startups at the Alexandria Center for Life Science, which encompasses more than {{convert|700000|sqft|m2}} on East 29th Street and promotes collaboration among scientists and entrepreneurs at the center and with nearby academic, medical, and research institutions.Biotechnology is emerging in Midtown Manhattan, bolstered by the city's strength in academic scientific research and public and commercial financial support. By mid-2014, Accelerator, a biotech investment firm, had raised more than US$30 million from investors, including Eli Lilly and Company, Pfizer, and Johnson & Johnson, for initial funding to create biotechnology startups at the Alexandria Center for Life Science, which encompasses more than {{convert|700,000|sqft|m2}} on East 29th Street and promotes collaboration among scientists and entrepreneurs at the center and with nearby academic, medical, and research institutions. The New York City Economic Development Corporation's Early Stage Life Sciences Funding Initiative and venture capital partners, including Celgene, General Electric Ventures, and Eli Lilly, committed a minimum of US$100 million to help launch 15 to 20 ventures in life sciences and biotechnology.NEWS, Morris, Keiko,weblink Wanted: Biotech Startups in New York City: The Alexandria Center for Life Science Looks to Expand, The Wall Street Journal, July 28, 2014, August 1, 2014,

Real estate

Real estate is a major force in Midtown Manhattan's economy, and indeed the city's, as the total value of all New York City property was estimated at US$914.8 billion for the 2015 fiscal year.WEB, DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE PUBLISHES FISCAL YEAR 2015 TENTATIVE ASSESSMENT ROLL, New York City Department of Finance, January 15, 2014,weblink January 23, 2014, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140202200729weblink">weblink February 2, 2014, Manhattan has perennially been home to some of the nation's, as well as the world's, most marketable real estate, including the Time Warner Center, which had the highest-listed market value in the city in 2006 at US$1.1 billion,NEWS, McTiernan, Andy,weblink A quantum leap for capital assets, The Free Library By Farlex, 2008, October 16, 2014, to be subsequently surpassed in October 2014 by the Waldorf Astoria New York, which became the most expensive hotel ever sold after being purchased by the Anbang Insurance Group, based in China, for {{US$|1.95 billion}}.WEB,weblink Waldorf becomes most expensive hotel ever sold: $1.95 billion, Robert Frank, CNBC, October 6, 2014, October 9, 2014, When 450 Park Avenue was sold on July 2, 2007, for US$510 million, about US$1,589 per square foot (US$17,104/m2), it broke the barely month-old record for an American office building of US$1,476 per square foot (US$15,887/m2) based on the sale of 660 Madison Avenue.Quirk, James. WEB,weblink Bergen offices have plenty of space,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20071222235142weblink">weblink December 22, 2007, dead, , The Record (Bergen County), July 5, 2007. Accessed July 5, 2007. In 2014, Manhattan was home to six of the top ten zip codes in the United States by median housing price.WEB,weblink New York Dominates 2014 List of America's Most Expensive ZIP Codes, Erin Carlyle, Forbes, October 8, 2014, October 9, 2014, In 2019, the most expensive home sale ever in the United States achieved completion in Midtown Manhattan, at a selling price of US$238 million, for a {{convert|24,000|ft2|m2}} penthouse apartment overlooking Central Park.weblink Accessed February 16, 2019.

Broadway theatre

According to The Broadway League, shows on Broadway sold approximately US$1.27 billion worth of tickets in the 2013-2014 season, an increase of 11.4% from US$1.139 billion in the 2012-2013 season; attendance in 2013-2014 stood at 12.21 million, a 5.5% increase from the 2012-2013 season's 11.57 million.WEB,weblink Broadway Calendar-Year Statistics, The Broadway League, July 20, 2014,

Former economic operations

File:Walter Gropius photo MetLife Building fassade New York USA 2005-10-03.jpg|thumb|left|upright|The MetLife BuildingMetLife BuildingCompanies that used to have their headquarters in Midtown Manhattan include American Airlines,World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 20, 1975. "472.Sterba, James P. "American Will Shift Headquarters From Manhattan to Dallas Airport; Big Economies Predicted." The New York Times. Thursday November 16, 1978. Page A1. Retrieved on August 27, 2009. American Comics Group,Senate Committee on the Judiciary. Juvenile Delinquency: Comic Books. Motion Pictures. Obscene and Pornographic Materials. Television Programs. Greenwood Press, 1969. 47. Retrieved on January 25, 2011. "American Comics Group, 45 West 45th Street, New York, NY" American Overseas Airlines,Rice, Diana. "News notes from the field of travel; Cape Cod air service tours to Spain for honeymooners Vermont music camp currency guide trail riders ride again Griswold's country club here and there." The New York Times. April 30, 1950. Drama-Music, Fashion-Screen, Page X17. Retrieved on August 25, 2009. "American and American Overseas Airlines executive offices have moved from 100 East Forty-second Street to 100 Park Avenue" Central Park Media,WEB,weblink Contact Us, May 24, 2017, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20070312030906weblink">weblink March 12, 2007, . Central Park Media. March 12, 2007. Retrieved on September 14, 2009."250 West 57th Street." W&H Properties. Retrieved on September 14, 2009. Eastern Air Lines,Bernstein, Aaron. Grounded: Frank Lorenzo and the Destruction of Eastern Airlines. Beard Books, 1999. 22. Retrieved on August 28, 2009. GoodTimes Entertainment,WEB,weblink Company Information, GoodTimes Entertainment, June 17, 2000, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20000617222956weblink">weblink June 17, 2000, LJN,Johnson, Doris McNeely. "Children's Toys and Books: Choosing the Best for All Ages from Infancy to Adolescence." Scribner, 1982. Unknown page. Retrieved from Google Books on July 8, 2010. {{ISBN|0-684-17767-6}}, {{ISBN|978-0-684-17767-0}}. "LJN Toys, Inc. 200 Fifth Ave. New York, NY 10010." NewKidCo,WEB,weblink Corporate Directory, July 28, 2010, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20020104081938weblink">weblink January 4, 2002, . NewKidCo. January 4, 2002. Retrieved on July 27, 2010. Pan American World Airways,Dunlap, David W. "Final Pan Am Departure." The New York Times. Friday September 4, 1992. Retrieved on August 25, 2009. Philip Morris Companies (now Altria Group),WEB,weblink Contact Us, April 9, 2001, dead,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20010409191510weblink">weblink April 9, 2001, . Philip Morris Companies. April 9, 2001. Retrieved on October 19, 2009."Philip Morris to Move Headquarters from New York City to Richmond, Va.." New York Daily News. March 5, 2003. Retrieved on October 19, 2009. Trans Caribbean Airways,"World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 26, 1970. Caribbean" 504. and Trans World Airlines.World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 20, 1975. "508."Map." Turtle Bay Association. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.NEWS, The New York Times, July 19, 1987, January 5, 2009, Mount Kisco Awaits Arrival of T.W.A.,weblink BetsyAer Lingus announced that it was moving its North American headquarters from Midtown to Melville, New York>Melville, New York (state), in Suffolk County, New York>Suffolk County on Long Island.Wax, Alan J. "Aer Lingus moving offices to LI." Newsday. April 10, 1997. A61.

Demographics

Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Midtown Manhattan was 28,630, a change of 2,823 (9.9%) from the 25,807 counted in 2000. Covering an area of {{convert|692.81|acres}}, the neighborhood had a population density of {{convert|41.3|PD/acre|PD/sqmi PD/sqkm}}.Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 64.1% (18,351) White, 4.6% (1,310) African American, 0.1% (34) Native American, 20.8% (5,942) Asian, 0% (8) Pacific Islander, 0.3% (92) from other races, and 2% (569) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.1% (2,324) of the population.Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.The entirety of Community District 5, which comprises Midtown Manhattan, had 53,120 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 84.8 years.WEB,weblink Midtown (Including Flatiron, Herald Square, Midtown, Midtown South, Times Square and Union Square), 2018, nyc.gov, NYC Health, March 2, 2019, {{Rp|2, 20}} This is higher than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.WEB,weblink 2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020, 2016, government of New York City, nyc.gov, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, September 8, 2017, {{Rp|53 (PDF p. 84)}}WEB, New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives, New York Post, June 4, 2017,weblink March 1, 2019, Most inhabitants are adults: a plurality (45%) are between the ages of 25–44, while 22% are between 45–64, and 13% are 65 or older. The ratio of youth and college-aged residents was lower, at 7% and 12% respectively.{{Rp|2}}As of 2017, the median household income in Community Districts 4 and 5 (including Chelsea and Hell's Kitchen) was $101,981,WEB,weblink NYC-Manhattan Community District 4 & 5--Chelsea, Clinton & Midtown Business District PUMA, NY, July 17, 2018, though the median income in Midtown individually was $120,854. In 2018, an estimated 11% of Midtown Manhattan residents lived in poverty, compared to 14% in all of Manhattan and 20% in all of New York City. One in twenty residents (5%) were unemployed, compared to 7% in Manhattan and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 41% in Midtown Manhattan, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 45% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, {{as of|2018|lc=y}}, Midtown Manhattan is considered to be high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.{{Rp|7}}

Police and crime

File:NYPD Midtown South Precinct.jpg|thumb|NYPD 14th (Midtown SouthMidtown SouthMidtown Manhattan is patrolled by two precincts of the NYPD.WEB, Find Your Precinct and Sector - NYPD, www.nyc.gov,weblink March 3, 2019, Midtown North is patrolled by the 18th Precinct,{{Efn|name=precincts}} located at 306 West 54th Street,WEB,weblink NYPD – 18th Precinct, www.nyc.gov, New York City Police Department, October 3, 2016, while Midtown South is patrolled by the 14th Precinct,{{Efn|name=precincts|Officially, the precincts are known as the 14th and 18th Precincts. However, they are respectively publicly referred to as the Midtown South and Midtown North Precincts, making them one of the few unnumbered NYPD precincts in New York City.NEWS,weblink New York Has 77 Police Precincts. Why Do Their Numbers Go Higher?, Gorce, Tammy La, 2017-03-17, The New York Times, 2019-09-04, en-US, 0362-4331, }} located at 357 West 35th Street.WEB,weblink NYPD – 14th Precinct, www.nyc.gov, New York City Police Department, October 3, 2016, The precincts ranked 69th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010. The high per-capita crime rate can be attributed to the low population of the area, as well as the high number of crimes committed against tourists.WEB,weblink Midtown Manhattan – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report, www.dnainfo.com, October 6, 2016, With a non-fatal assault rate of 25 per 100,000 people, Midtown Manhattan's rate of violent crimes per capita is less than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 297 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.{{Rp|8}}The 18th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 84.2% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 3 murders, 21 rapes, 130 robberies, 190 felony assaults, 175 burglaries, 1,875 grand larcenies, and 31 grand larcenies auto in 2018.WEB,weblink 18th Precinct CompStat Report, PDF, www.nyc.gov, New York City Police Department, July 22, 2018, The 14th Precinct also has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 88.6% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 0 murders, 19 rapes, 150 robberies, 199 felony assaults, 210 burglaries, 2,005 grand larcenies, and 23 grand larcenies auto in 2018.WEB,weblink 14th Precinct CompStat Report, PDF, www.nyc.gov, New York City Police Department, July 22, 2018,

Fire safety

(File:Engine 54, Ladder 4, Battalion 9 - firehouse - 16C243.jpg|thumb|Engine Co. 54/Ladder Co. 4/Battalion 9)The main part of midtown Manhattan, between 34th and 59th Streets from Lexington Avenue to Eighth Avenue, is served by five fire stations of the New York City Fire Department (FDNY):FDNY LOCATIONS,
  • Engine Co. 1/Ladder Co. 24 – 215 West 58th StreetWEB, Engine Company 1/Ladder Company 24, FDNYtrucks.com,weblink March 14, 2019,
  • Engine Co. 23 – 222 West 37th StreetWEB, Engine Company 23, FDNYtrucks.com,weblink March 14, 2019,
  • Engine Co. 26 – 222 West 37th StreetWEB, Engine Company 26, FDNYtrucks.com,weblink March 14, 2019,
  • Engine Co. 54/Ladder Co. 4/Battalion 9 – 782 8th AvenueWEB, Engine Company 54/Ladder Company 4/Battalion 9, FDNYtrucks.com,weblink March 14, 2019,
  • Engine Co. 65 – 33 West 43rd StreetWEB, Engine Company 65, FDNYtrucks.com,weblink March 14, 2019,
The greater Midtown area between 14th Street and 59th Street contains seven additional fire stations.

Health

Preterm and teenage births in Midtown Manhattan are lower than the city average. In Midtown Manhattan, there were 67 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 4 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).{{Rp|11}} Midtown Manhattan has a low population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 11%, slightly less than the citywide rate of 12%.{{Rp|14}}The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Midtown Manhattan is {{convert|0.0113|mg/m3|oz/ft3}}, more than the city average.{{Rp|9}} Eleven percent of Midtown Manhattan residents are smokers, which is less than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.{{Rp|13}} In Midtown Manhattan, 10% of residents are obese, 5% are diabetic, and 18% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.{{Rp|16}} In addition, 9% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.{{Rp|12}}Ninety-one percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is higher than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 86% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," more than the city's average of 78%.{{Rp|13}} For every supermarket in Midtown Manhattan, there are 11 bodegas.{{Rp|10}}The nearest major hospitals are Beth Israel Medical Center in Stuyvesant Town, as well as the Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Medical Center in Kips Bay, and NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital in the Upper East Side.WEB, Manhattan Hospital Listings, New York Hospitals,weblink March 20, 2019, WEB, Best Hospitals in New York, N.Y., US News & World Report, July 26, 2011,weblink March 20, 2019,

Post offices and ZIP codes

(File:Grand Central USPO; March 11, 2017-07.jpg|thumb|USPS Grand Central Station)Midtown Manhattan is located within six primary ZIP Codes. West of Fifth Avenue, Midtown is located in 10018 between 34th and 41st Streets, 10036 between 41st and 48th Streets, and 10019 between 48th and 59th Streets. East of Fifth Avenue, Midtown is located in 10016 between 34th and 40th Streets, 10017 between 40th and 49th Streets, and 10022 between 49th and 59th Streets. The area southwest of Fifth Avenue and 34th Street, sometimes considered to be in Midtown, is part of 10001. Other areas between 14th and 34th Streets are covered by ZIP Codes 10003, 10009, 10010, and 10011, though these are generally not considered to be part of Midtown proper.WEB, Midtown, New York City-Manhattan, New York Zip Code Boundary Map (NY), United States Zip Code Boundary Map (USA),weblink March 23, 2019, There are also thirty-three ZIP Codes assigned to individual buildings or building complexes.{{refn|These ZIP Codes are:WEB, Why do some buildings have their own ZIP codes?, am New York, March 18, 2019,weblink March 23, 2019, }}The United States Postal Service operates six post offices in Midtown:
  • Appraisers Stores Station – 580 Fifth AvenueWEB, Location Details: Appraisers Stores, USPS.com,weblink March 7, 2019,
  • Bryant Station – 23 West 43rd StreetWEB, Location Details: Bryant, USPS.com,weblink March 7, 2019,
  • Grand Central Station – 450 Lexington AvenueWEB, Location Details: Grand Central, USPS.com,weblink March 7, 2019,
  • Midtown Station – 223 West 38th StreetWEB, Location Details: Midtown, USPS.com,weblink March 7, 2019,
  • Murray Hill Station – 115 East 34th StreetWEB, Location Details: Murray Hill, USPS.com,weblink March 7, 2019,
  • Rockefeller Center Station – 610 Fifth AvenueWEB, Location Details: Rockefeller Center, USPS.com,weblink March 7, 2019,
File:Farley PO jeh.JPG|thumb|left|James A. Farley Post OfficeJames A. Farley Post OfficeIn addition, the James A. Farley Station, the city's main post office, is located at 421 8th Avenue.WEB, Location Details: James A Farley, USPS.com,weblink March 7, 2019, The post office stopped 24-hour service in 2009 due to decreasing mail traffic."New York City's main post office stops 24-hour service." Associated Press. Friday April 17, 2009. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.

Education

Midtown Manhattan generally has a higher rate of college-educated residents than the rest of the city. A majority of residents age 25 and older (78%) have a college education or higher, while 6% have less than a high school education and 17% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 64% of Manhattan residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher.{{Rp|6}} The percentage of Midtown Manhattan students excelling in math rose from 61% in 2000 to 80% in 2011 and reading achievement increased from 66% to 68% during the same time period.WEB,weblink Midtown – MN 05, 2011, Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy, October 5, 2016, Midtown Manhattan's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is lower than the rest of New York City. In Midtown Manhattan, 19% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, less than the citywide average of 20%.{{Rp|24 (PDF p. 55)}}{{Rp|6}} Additionally, 92% of high school students in Midtown Manhattan graduate on time, more than the citywide average of 75%.{{Rp|6}}

Schools

There are no public elementary or middle schools in Midtown.The New York City Department of Education operates the following public high schools in Midtown, serving grades 9-12:WEB, Midtown New York School Ratings and Reviews, Zillow,weblink March 17, 2019,
  • Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis High SchoolWEB, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis High School, New York City Department of Education, December 19, 2018,weblink March 23, 2019,
  • Landmark High SchoolWEB, Landmark High School, New York City Department of Education, December 19, 2018,weblink March 23, 2019,
  • Murray Hill AcademyWEB, Murray Hill Academy, New York City Department of Education, December 19, 2018,weblink March 23, 2019,
  • Repertory Company High School for Theatre ArtsWEB, Repertory Company High School for Theatre Arts, New York City Department of Education, December 19, 2018,weblink March 23, 2019,
  • Satellite Academy High SchoolWEB, Satellite Academy High School, New York City Department of Education, December 19, 2018,weblink March 23, 2019,
Private schools include The Beekman School, Rebecca School, and a number of private languages and music centers (e.g. Berlitz, American Language Communication Center, New York Language Centerweblink Retrieved on November 13, 2013. Swan Music School, and the New York Youth Symphony). The La Scuola d'Italia Guglielmo Marconi Italian international school moved to West Midtown in 2016.Clarke, Catherine. "Italian private school drops $55M on new NYC cultural and education center " (weblink" title="www.webcitation.org/6fZimb7ip?url=http://web.archive.org/web/20160103070557weblink">Archive). New York Daily News. Friday September 11, 2015. Retrieved on February 25, 2016.

Libraries

File:New York Public Library May 2011.JPG|thumb|New York Public Library Main BranchNew York Public Library Main BranchThe New York Public Library (NYPL) operates two reference branches in Midtown.WEB, NYPL Locations, The New York Public Library,weblink March 23, 2019, The Stephen A. Schwarzman Building (also the Main Branch) is a reference branch at 476 Fifth Avenue. The four-story building, constructed in 1911, is known worldwide for its architecture and has several million items in its collections.WEB, About the Stephen A. Schwarzman Building, The New York Public Library,weblink March 23, 2019, The Science, Industry and Business Library (SIBL) is located at 188 Madison Avenue. SIBL, created in 1996, contains a large collection of business-related materials.WEB, About the Science, Industry and Business Library, The New York Public Library,weblink March 23, 2019, There are also five circulating branches in Midtown:{{refn|This does not include five additional branches located between 14th and 59th Streets but are not part of Midtown proper. These are the Columbus, Epiphany, Kips Bay, and Muhlenberg branches and the Heiskell Braille and Talking Book Library.}}
  • The 53rd Street branch is located at 18 West 53rd Street. The three-level branch opened in 2016,WEB, About the 53rd Street Library, The New York Public Library,weblink March 23, 2019, replacing the former Donnell Library Center that had been open from 1955 to 2008.WEB, Donnell Library Center, The New York Public Library,weblink March 23, 2019,
  • The 58th Street branch is located at 127 East 58th Street. The branch opened in a Carnegie library building in 1907 and moved to its current two-story space in 1969.WEB, About the 58th Street Library, The New York Public Library, May 10, 1907,weblink March 23, 2019,
  • The Grand Central branch is located at 135 East 46th Street. The two-story library opened in 2008.WEB, About the Grand Central Library, The New York Public Library,weblink March 23, 2019,
  • The Mid-Manhattan branch is located on the ground level of the Schwarzman Building.WEB, About the Muhlenberg Library, The New York Public Library,weblink March 23, 2019, It was founded in 1970WEB,weblink Dream of Library Realized, Campbell, Barbara, October 21, 1970, The New York Times, December 22, 2018, and moved to a five-story space in 8 East 40th Street in 1981.NEWS,weblink Overdue: The Public Library, December 28, 1980, New York Daily News, December 18, 2018, 170, Newspapers.com, {{open access}} That location was closed for renovations from 2017 to 2020.
  • The Terence Cardinal Cooke-Cathedral branch is located in the basement of 560 Lexington Avenue, adjacent to the 51st Street subway station. It opened in 1887 and is the second-smallest branch of the NYPL system.WEB, About Terence Cardinal Cooke-Cathedral Library, The New York Public Library,weblink March 23, 2019,

Higher education

Two campuses of the City University of New York (CUNY)—the doctorate-granting CUNY Graduate Center and the Stella and Charles Guttman Community College—are located in Midtown, while Baruch College, also of the City University of New York, is located in Midtown South. Mercy College is situated at Herald Square.

Transportation

File:Image-Grand central Station Outside Night 2.jpg|thumb|Grand Central TerminalGrand Central TerminalPennsylvania Station and Grand Central Terminal are the two major railroad stations located in Midtown Manhattan. Penn Station serves Amtrak, NJ Transit, and the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR), while Grand Central serves the Metro-North Railroad and will serve the LIRR in the future. Penn Station is considered to be the busiest transportation hub in the Western Hemisphere, servicing around 650,000 people per day.WEB,weblink The Most Awful Transit Center in America Could Get Unimaginably Worse, WEB,weblink More People Pass Through Penn Station Each Day Than Through LaGuardia, JFK, and Newark Airports Combined, The Port Authority Bus Terminal is located at Eighth Avenue and 41st Street at the western edge of Midtown. The terminal is the largest in the United States and busiest in the world by volume of traffic, serving more than 65 million people per year.WEB,weblink Port Authority Board Awards Contract to Conduct Comprehensive Study and Create Plan to Improve and Revitalize Bus Terminal, Press release, June 27, 2013, The New York City Subway and MTA Regional Bus Operations each operate several routes that go through Midtown. Additionally, the PATH train to New Jersey terminates at 33rd Street and Sixth Avenue in Midtown.{{NYCS const|map}}NYC BUS MAP, M, Traffic congestion is common, especially for crosstown traffic. In 2011, a new system of traffic light control, known as "Midtown in Motion" was announced, with the aim of reducing traffic congestion.Midtown in Motion traffic system NY 1 News, 2011 July 19 Approximately 750,000 vehicles enter Midtown Manhattan on a fall business dayweblink According to the 2011 Traffic Data Report for New York State, 777,527 vehicles a day went through select toll facilities into Manhattan.WEB,weblink Archived copy, September 22, 2013, dead,weblink September 27, 2013,

Government infrastructure

The New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department, is located in the Rose Hill section of Midtown Manhattan. The Puerto Rico Federal Affairs Administration operates its New York office on the 22nd floor at 135 West 50th Street."About PRFAA – New York Office", Puerto Rico Federal Affairs Administration. Retrieved on July 18, 20139.

Diplomatic missions

Several countries, including Argentina, The Bahamas,Consular/Travel information. Retrieved on January 26, 2009. People's Republic of China,Home page. Retrieved on January 25, 2009. Costa Rica,Consulates in the United States. {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090123065708weblink |date=January 23, 2009 }} Retrieved on January 31, 2009. Germany,Address, Contact, Hours. {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20081117101510weblink |date=November 17, 2008 }} Retrieved on January 26, 2009. Ireland,Ireland in New York. {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110719035540weblink |date=July 19, 2011 }} Retrieved on January 25, 2009. Israel,Consular Department. Retrieved on January 26, 2009. Jamaica,Contact Us. Retrieved on January 30, 2009. Japan,Location/Hours/Contact. Retrieved on January 25, 2009. Luxembourg,Home. Retrieved on January 28, 2009. Mexico,Home Page. {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090227130630weblink |date=February 27, 2009 }} Retrieved on January 25, 2009. Morocco,Home. Retrieved on January 25, 2009. Saudi Arabia,Ministry addresses in the U.S. Retrieved on January 26, 2009. Singapore,Singapore Consulate in New York Mission Homepage. Retrieved on January 28, 2009. South Africa,Home Page. Retrieved on January 26, 2009. South Korea,Consulate General of the Republic of Korea in New York. Retrieved on January 28, 2019. United Kingdom,New York. UK in the USA. Retrieved on January 25, 2009. and Ukraine,Ukrainian Consul, home page {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090122055332weblink |date=January 22, 2009 }}. Retrieved on January 26, 2009. have consulates-general in Midtown Manhattan accredited to the United States. In addition, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office of the Republic of China (Taiwan) is in Midtown Manhattan.Taiwan Embassy. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.

See also

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References

Notes

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Citations

{{Reflist}}

External links

{{Commons category-inline|Midtown Manhattan}}
  • {{Wikivoyage-inline|Manhattan/Midtown}}
{{manhattan}}

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