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Michel Gondry
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factoids
Versailles (city)>Versailles, France| birth_name =
  • Director
  • screenwriter
  • producer{edih}| years_active = 1986–present
}}Michel Gondry ({{IPA-fr|miʃɛl ɡɔ̃dʁi|lang}}; born 8 May 1963) is a French film director, screenwriter, and producer. He is noted for his inventive visual style and distinctive manipulation of mise en scène.BOOK, Sexton, Jamie, Music, Sound and Multimedia: From the Live to the Virtual, 2007, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 978-0-7486-2534-5, 34,weblink He won an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay as one of the writers of the 2004 film Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind.His other films include the surrealistic science fantasy comedy The Science of Sleep (2006), the comedy Be Kind Rewind (2008), the superhero action comedy The Green Hornet (2011), the drama The We and the I (2012), and the romantic science fantasy tragedy Mood Indigo (2013).He is well known for his music video collaborations with Donald Fagen, Radiohead, Björk, Beck, The Chemical Brothers and The White Stripes.

Early life

Gondry was born in Versailles. He is the grandson of inventor Constant Martin.weblink {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20081013021040weblink|date=October 13, 2008}}

Career

{{more citations needed|section|date=February 2018}}(File:Michel-Gondry-Be-Kind.JPG|thumb|right|200px|Gondry in 2008)Gondry's vision and career began with his emphasis on emotion. Much of his inspiration, he says, came from the film Le voyage en ballon. He stated: "When I watch this movie, I dream I'm flying and then I do stories where people are flying. I think it's directly influencing."Robert K. Elder interview with Michel Gondry, The Film That Changed My Life, Chicago Review Press, 2011, pg. 151.His career as a filmmaker began with creating music videos for the French rock band Oui Oui, in which he also served as a drummer. The style of his videos for Oui Oui caught the attention of music artist Björk, who asked him to direct the video for her song "Human Behaviour". The collaboration proved long-lasting, with Gondry directing a total of eight music videos for Björk.{{citation needed|date=February 2018}}Other artists who have collaborated with Gondry on more than one occasion include Daft Punk, The White Stripes, The Chemical Brothers, The Vines, Steriogram, Radiohead, and Beck. Gondry's video for Lucas Secon's "Lucas with the Lid Off" was nominated in the Best Music Video (short form) category at the 37th Grammy Awards,WEB,weblink The 37th Grammy Nominations, 6 January 1995, 15 October 2017, LA Times, (one of two Gondry music videos nominated that year along with Sinéad O'Connor's Fire On Babylon).Gondry has also created numerous television commercials. He pioneered the "bullet time" technique later adapted in The Matrix in the 1996 "Smarienberg" commercial for Smirnoff vodka, as well as directing a trio of inventive holiday-themed advertisements for clothing retailer Gap.WEB, Michel Gondry: The Music Videos and TV Adverts That Influenced Hollywood,weblink Dazzle Ship, 22 June 2017, 27 January 2015, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20170527105658weblink">weblink 27 May 2017, BOOK, Strauven, Wanda, The Cinema of Attractions Reloaded, 2006, Amsterdam University Press, 9053569448, 323,weblink 22 June 2017, Gondry, along with directors Spike Jonze and David Fincher, is representative of the influx of music video directors into feature film. Gondry made his feature film debut in 2001 with Human Nature, garnering mixed reviews. His second film, Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (also his second collaboration with screenwriter Charlie Kaufman), was released in 2004 and received very favorable reviews, becoming one of the most critically acclaimed films of the year.{{citation needed|date=February 2018}}Eternal Sunshine utilizes many of the image manipulation techniques that Gondry had experimented with in his music videos. Gondry won an Academy Award alongside Kaufman and Pierre Bismuth for the screenplay of Eternal Sunshine. The style of Gondry's music videos often relies on videography and camera tricks which play with frames of reference.{{citation needed|date=February 2018}}Gondry also directed the musical documentary Dave Chappelle's Block Party (2006) which followed comedian Dave Chappelle as he attempted to hold a large, free concert in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood of Brooklyn. His following film, The Science of Sleep, hit theaters in September 2006. This film stars Mexican actor Gael García Bernal, and marked a return to the fantastical, surreal techniques he employed in Eternal Sunshine.{{citation needed|date=February 2018}}According to the Guinness World Records 2004, Gondry's Levi's 501 Jeans "Drugstore" spot holds the record for "Most awards won by a TV commercial".BOOK, Guinness World Records 2004, 2003, Little Brown & Co, 978-1-892051-20-2, 177,weblink The commercial was never aired in North America because of the suggestive content involving purchasing latex condoms.He was asked by French comic duet Éric and Ramzy to direct (:fr:Seuls Two|Seuls Two), but declined; by his suggestion, Éric and Ramzy subsequently asked Mr Oizo to direct another movie, (:fr:Steak (film)|Steak).WEB,weblink Steak en DVD le 20 décembre 2007, Infosjeunes.com, 6 August 2014, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20140808060123weblink">weblink 8 August 2014, In September 2006, Gondry made his debut as an installation artist at Deitch Projects in New York City's SoHo gallery district. The show, called "The Science of Sleep: An Exhibition of Sculpture and Pathological Creepy Little Gifts" featured props from his film, The Science of Sleep, as well as film clips and a selection of gifts that the artist had given to women he was interested in, many of them former or current collaborators, Karen Baird, Kishu Chand, Dorothy Barrick and Lauri Faggioni.WEB,weblink Dream Factory, Artnet.com, 6 August 2014, A leitmotif of the film is a 'Disastrology' calendar; Gondry commissioned the painter Baptiste Ibar to draw harrowing images of natural and human disasters.WEB,weblink Baptiste Ibar, Baptiste Ibar, 15 February 2018, His brother Olivier "Twist" Gondry is also a television commercial and music video director creating videos for bands such as The Stills, Hot Hot Heat, Daft Punk and The Vines.weblink {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20050307065240weblink|date=7 March 2005}} Michel's son Paul Gondry is an artist, actor, and film director as well.WEB,weblink Paul Gondry, IMDb, 17 April 2016, Gondry was an Artist in Residence at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 2005 and 2006. Later directing the music video for the Paul McCartney song "Dance Tonight", in which Gondry makes a cameo appearance.WEB,weblink Memory Almost Full EPK, YouTube, 23 May 2007, 15 February 2018, Gondry directed "Unnatural Love", the fifth episode in season two of HBO's Flight of the Conchords.WEB,weblink Michel Gondry Directs Flight of the Conchords Episode, Flicks News, February 16, 2009, Interior Design one third of the 2008 anthology film Tokyo! was next for Gondry. Interior Design was based on the comic book "Cecil and Jordan in New York" by Gabrielle Bell but was adapted from New York City to Tokyo for the film.{{citation needed|date=February 2018}}In 2009, The Thorn in the Heart, another feature documentary, was released, it is about Michel's aunt Suzette and her son Jean-Yves. In 2011, Gondry directed The Green Hornet, a superhero film by Sony starring Seth Rogen, Jay Chou and Christoph Waltz; Rogen co-wrote the script. In 2011, he was the head of the jury for the short film competition at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival.NEWS, 2011-02-23,weblink Michel Gondry to head short film jury at Cannes, BBC News, 23 February 2011, WEB, 2011-05-21,weblink Interview with Michel Gondry, Festival de Cannes, Festival de Cannes, 12 June 2018, His film The We and the I was selected to be screened in the Directors' Fortnight section at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival.NEWS, Leffler, Rebecca,weblink Cannes 2012: Michel Gondry's 'The We & The I' to Open Director's Fortnight, The Hollywood Reporter, 2012-04-25, April 24, 2012, WEB,weblink 2012 Selection, quinzaine-realisateurs.com, Directors' Fortnight, 25 April 2012, yes,weblink" title="web.archive.org/web/20120426224019weblink">weblink 26 April 2012, On 3 January 2013, Gondry released his latest animated short Haircut Mouse on his official Vimeo channel.NEWS, Fox, Jesse David,weblink Watch Michel Gondry's Very Michel Gondry Short Haircut Mouse, Vulture (blog), 15 February 2018, In February 2013, Gondry released a hand-drawn animated documentary on famed linguist Noam Chomsky, Is the Man Who is Tall Happy?.{{IMDb title|1817287|Is the Man Who Is Tall Happy?}}In 2014, he was selected as a member of the jury for the 64th Berlin International Film Festival.WEB,weblink Berlinale 2014: International Jury, 31 December 2013, Berlinale, On 23 January 2013, Gondry was confirmed to have produced the video for Metronomy's upcoming single, Love Letters, as it was named Zane Lowe's Hottest Record in the World.{{citation needed|date=February 2018}}

Filmography

Film{| class"wikitable sortable plainrowheaders" style"margin-right: 0;"

! rowspan="2" scope="col" | Title! rowspan="2" scope="col" | Year! scope="col" | Director! scope="col" | Writer! scope="col" | Producer! scope="col" class="unsortable" | Notes! scope="row"| Human Nature| 2001| {{yes}}| | List of directorial debuts>Directorial debut! scope="row"| Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind| 2004| {{yes}}Story}}| | Story co-written with Charlie Kaufman and Pierre Bismuth! scope="row"| The Science of Sleep| 2006| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| ! scope="row"| Be Kind Rewind| 2008| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| ! scope="row"| The Green Hornet| 2011| {{yes}} | | | ! scope="row"| The We and the I| 2012| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}} |! scope="row"| Mood Indigo| 2013| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| ! scope="row"| Microbe & Gasoline| 2015| {{yes}}| {{yes}}|| ">

Short films{| class"wikitable sortable plainrowheaders" style"margin-right: 0;"

! rowspan="2" scope="col" | Title! rowspan="2" scope="col" | Year! scope="col" | Director! scope="col" | Writer! scope="col" | Other! scope="col" class="unsortable" | Notes! scope="row"| L'expedition fatale| 1986| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| | ! scope="row"| Jazzmosphère| 1987| {{yes}}| | | ! scope="row"| My Brother's 24th Birthday| 1988| {{yes}}| | | ! scope="row"| Vingt p'tites tours| 1989| {{yes}}| | | ! scope="row"| La lettre| 1998| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| | ! scope="row"| One Day...| 2001| {{yes}}| {{yes}} | {{yes}}| Appears as "The Man"! scope="row"| Pecan Pie| 2003| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| | ! scope="row"| I've Been Twelve Forever 2004| {{yes}}| | {{yes}}| Appears as himself! scope="row"| Ossamuch! – Kishu & Co| {{yes}}| | | ! scope="row"| Tiny| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| | ! scope="row"| Three Dead People| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| | ! scope="row"| Drumb and Drumber| {{yes}}| | | ! scope="row"| Michel Gondry Solves a Rubik's Cube with His Nose| 2007| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| | ! scope="row"| Interior Design| 2008| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| | Segment from Tokyo!! scope="row"| Haircut Mouse| 2013| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| | ! scope="row"| Détour| 2017| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| | ">

Documentary{| class"wikitable sortable plainrowheaders" style"margin-right: 0;"

! rowspan="2" scope="col" | Title! rowspan="2" scope="col" | Year! scope="col" | Director! scope="col" | Writer! scope="col" | Producer! scope="col" | Other! scope="col" class="unsortable" | Notes! scope="row"| Dave Chappelle's Block Party| 2005| {{yes}}| | {{yes}}| | ! scope="row"| The Thorn in the Heart| 2009| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| | | ! scope="row"| Is the Man Who Is Tall Happy?| 2013| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| {{yes}}| Also animator and appears as himself">

Television{| class"wikitable sortable plainrowheaders" style"margin-right: 0;"

! rowspan="2" scope="col" | Title! rowspan="2" scope="col" | Year! scope="col" | Director! scope="col" | Writer! scope="col" | Producer! scope="col" | Other! scope="col" class="unsortable" | Notes! scope="row"| Flight of the Conchords| 2009| {{yes}}| | | | Episode: "Unnatural Love"! scope="row"| Jimmy Kimmel Live!| 2011| {{yes}}| | | | Guest director (January 13, 2011)! scope="row"| Kidding| 2018| {{yes}}| | {{yes}}| | 6 episodes

Other releases

Music videos

{{col-begin}}{{col-2}} {{col-2}} {{col-end}}

Advertisements

{{col-begin}}{{col-2}}
  • Adidas Aftershave – Released From Work
  • Air France – Le Nuage
  • Air France – Le PassageWEB,weblink 1999 Air France Commercial, krisjetz, 27 June 2006, 15 October 2017, YouTube,
  • AMD K6-2 – Flatzone
  • BMW – Pure DriveWEB,weblink BMW- Pure Drive Commercial, Adamg3084, 9 August 2008, 15 October 2017, YouTube,
  • Coca-Cola – SnowboarderWEB,weblink coca cola japan "snowboard" commercial gondry 1997, ilovetwirling, 5 December 2006, 15 October 2017, YouTube,
  • Nespresso – The Boutique
  • Diet Coke – Tingle and Bounce 1, Tingle and Bounce 2
  • Électricité de France – Selects
  • Earthlink – PrivacyWEB,weblink YouTube, www.youtube.com, 15 October 2017,
  • Fiat – Lancia Y10
  • Fox Sports Network campaign (four ads)
  • GAP – Holiday Campaign
  • Gatorade – Propel Fitness Water – Drip
  • Guerlain - L'homme idéal
  • Heineken – Debut
{{col-2}}
  • HP - Michel Gondry
  • John Lewis – Moz the MonsterWEB,weblink John Lewis Christmas Ad 2017 - MozTheMonster, 9 November 2017, 12 June 2018, YouTube,
  • Levi's – Bellybutton
  • Levi's – DrugstoreWEB,weblink Michel Gondry Levi's Commercial, 2 April 2006, 15 October 2017, YouTube,
  • Levi's – Mermaids
  • Levi's – Swap
  • Motorola – Razr2WEB,weblink Michel Gondry Moto Film, Shelfies, 20 September 2007, 15 October 2017, YouTube,
  • NatWest – Zoom
  • Nike – Basketball campaign (five ads)
  • Nike – I Can Play
  • Nike – Leo
  • Nike – The Long, Long Run
  • Pandora – Sounds Like YouWEB,weblink Pandora - Sounds Like You, 5 May 2017, 12 June 2018, YouTube,
  • Polaroid – Resignation / Living Moments
  • Smirnoff – SmarienbergWEB,weblink Smarienberg - Smirnoff Commercial - By Michel Gondry, 9 June 2007, 15 October 2017, YouTube,
  • Volvo – I Said Volvo
{{col-end}}

Bibliography

  • Henry Keazor, Thorsten Wuebbena, Video Thrills The Radio Star. Musikvideos: Geschichte, Themen, Analysen. Bielefeld 2005, pp. 90, 288; {{ISBN|978-3-89942-728-8}}
  • You'll Like This Film Because You're In It (2008). PictureBoxWEB,weblink Michel Gondry: You'll Like This Film Because You're In It (Picturebox Books): Michel Gondry: 9780979415388, Amazon.com, 6 August 2014,
  • Markus Altmeyer, Die Filme und Musikvideos von Michel Gondry. Zwischen Surrealismus, Pop und Psychoanalyse, Marburg 2008; {{ISBN|978-3-8288-9764-9}}
  • Henry Keazor, "`Emotional Landscapes´: Die Musikvideos von Michel Gondry und Björk", in: Klanglandschaften, ed. by Manuel Gervink and Jörn Pieter Hiekel, Hofheim 2009, pp. 45–63; {{ISBN|978-3-936000-59-7}}
  • Henry Keazor/Thorsten Wuebbena, "Introduction" and Giulia Gabrielli, "An Analysis of the Relation between Music and Image. The Contribution of Michel Gondry", in: Keazor, Henry; Wuebbena, Thorsten: Rewind, Play, Fast Forward. The Past, Present and Future of the Music Video. Bielefeld 2010; {{ISBN|978-3-8376-1185-4}}, pp. 16–18, 89–109.

References

{{Reflist|colwidth=30em}}

External links

{{External links|date=August 2014}}{{Commons category|Michel Gondry}} {{Michel Gondry}}{{AcademyAwardBestOriginalScreenplay 2001-2020}}{{Directors Label}}{{Authority control}}

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